Focus - Attention - Self Discipline - Self Control - Will Power
Being able to stay focused on something is an
extremely valuable skill. Focusing helps us become more
at sports, games, musical
and better at
. Being able to focus also helps us become more
. Understanding the
and the Components of Concentration are extremely
important. There are many benefits that come from the ability to focus
on one thing or one person without being
or other actions. There are
several variations of focusing. You can have broad concentration or narrow
concentration, Internal Focus
. You can adjust the Intensity to be relaxed or strong.
You can adjust the duration to be
short or long. Controlling
the wandering mind
the right location and learn how to tune out distractions. Focus
and Self-control is also about
and not being
distracted from your
is the behavioral and
of selectively concentrating on a discrete aspect of information, whether
deemed subjective or objective, while ignoring other perceivable
to complete a Goal
. It is the taking possession by the mind in
clear and vivid
form of one out of what seem several
objects or trains of
. Focalization, concentration of
are of its essence.
Attention has also been referred to as the allocation of limited
processing resources. Single-Tasking instead of
Know when to focus on
small details and when to focus on the bigger picture. Filter out
unimportant sights, sounds or information. Pay attention without getting
distracted. Hold a train of thought when interrupted. Follow through on a
task without needing to hear directions several times. Concentrate on one
activity at a time. Follow spoken directions. Process information quickly.
Keep up in conversation.
(self directed learning) - Willpower
comes from learning and
acquiring the most valuable knowledge and information that the world has
Inattentive kids show worse grades later
in life. This is why teaching children how to focus and how to sustain
focus is extremely important to learning.
is showing a lack of attention or care.
refers to models and tools for supporting the management of
attention at the individual or at the collective level (cf. attention
economy), and at the short-term (quasi real time) or at a longer term
(over periods of weeks or months).
Distractions diminish people's ability to remember
Divided attention does impair memory
but people can still selectively focus on what is most important, even
is the amount of concentrated time one can spend on a
task without becoming distracted
. Most educators such as psychologists
agree that the ability to focus attention on a task is crucial for the
achievement of one's goals. Memory Span
The average human attention span is around 4
is a perceptual phenomenon that occurs when a change
in a visual stimulus is introduced and the observer does not notice it.
s a psychological lack of attention that is
not associated with any vision defects or deficits. It may be further
defined as the event in which an individual fails to perceive an
unexpected stimulus that is in plain sight. When it simply becomes
impossible for one to attend to all the stimuli in a given situation, a
temporary blindness effect can take place as a result; that is,
individuals fail to see objects or stimuli that are unexpected and quite often salient.
Cocktail Party Effect
is the phenomenon of being able
to focus one's auditory attention on a particular stimulus while
range of other stimuli
, much the same
way that a partygoer can focus on a single conversation in a noisy room.
This effect is what allows most people to "tune into" a single voice and
" all others. It may also describe a similar phenomenon that
occurs when one may immediately
detect words of importance
originating from unattended stimuli, for instance hearing one's name in
Change Blindness Test
In The Midst
Spacing Out or Highway Hypnosis
is a mental state in which a person
can drive a truck or other automobile great distances, responding to
external events in the expected, safe and correct manner with no
recollection of having consciously done so. In this state, the driver's
conscious mind is apparently fully focused elsewhere, while seemingly
still processing the information needed to drive safely. Highway hypnosis
is a manifestation of the common process of
the conscious and subconscious minds are able to concentrate on different
MultitaskingOne Thought Leads to
(retrace your thoughts, go back over again, reassemble
being unable to concentrate because one's mind is preoccupied. Having the
by known reasons or unknown reasons
Complex Span Test
remembering the location of an item despite
is the interdisciplinary scientific study
concerned with how interruptions
affect human performance, and the
development interventions to lessen the disruption caused by
interruptions. Interruption science is branch of human factors psychology
and emerged from human–computer interaction and cognitive psychology.
When your attention shifts from one place to another, your brain blinks
The blinks are momentary unconscious gaps in visual perception. Attention
is beneficial because it increases our ability to detect visual signals
even when we are looking in a different direction.
is the tendency to pick up an interrupted action
again when it has still not been achieved an interrupted task, even
without incentive, values as a "quasi-need". It creates
, aimed at taking up the task again. Remembering of the unfinished
action over a vacant one.
Attention Restoration Theory
asserts that people can concentrate
better after spending time in nature
, or even looking at scenes of nature.
Natural environments abound with "soft fascinations" which a person can
reflect upon in "effortless attention", such as clouds moving across the
sky, leaves rustling in a breeze or water bubbling over rocks in a stream.
of two individuals on an object.
It is achieved when one individual alerts another to an object by means of
eye-gazing, pointing or other verbal or non-verbal indications. An
individual gazes at another individual, points to an object and then
returns their gaze to the individual.
is the maintaining of the
on a single location.
is the concentration of
attention or energy on something. Direct one's attention on
something. Bring into focus or alignment; to converge or cause
to converge; of ideas or emotions. Maximum clarity or
distinctness of an idea. Special emphasis attached to something.
Cause to converge on or toward a central point. A point of
convergence of light (or other radiation) or a point from which
it diverges. A fixed reference point on the concave side of a
conic section. Maximum clarity or distinctness of an image
rendered by an optical system. Put (an image) into focus.
is an intense form of mental
that focuses consciousness
on a subject, topic, or task. In some individuals, various subjects or
topics may also include daydreams, concepts, fiction, the imagination, and
other objects of the mind. Hyperfocus on a certain subject can cause
assigned or important tasks. Hyperfocus may bear a relationship to the
concept of flow. In some circumstances both flow and hyperfocus can be an
aid to achievement, but in other circumstance or situations, the same
focus and behavior could be a liability, distracting from the task at
hand. However, unlike hyperfocus, "flow" is often described in more
glowing terms, suggesting they are not two sides of the same condition
under contrasting circumstance or intellect.
is to focus one's attention or
mental effort on a particular object or activity. To direct one's
attention on something. Make central. Make more concise. Concentrate also
means to make something more denser, more compressed, stronger, or more
purer or free from impurities or unwanted materials.
is the mental state of operation in which a person performing an
activity is fully immersed in a feeling of energized focus, full
involvement, and enjoyment in the process of the activity. In essence,
flow is characterized by complete absorption in what one does.
is a mental state into which very highly trained martial
artists are said to enter during combat.
They also practice this mental
state during everyday activities.
is the suppression of base desires
, and is usually
understood to be synonymous with restraint and
is to some extent a substitute for
. Discipline is when one uses
to determine the
of action regardless of one's
, which may be the opposite of
excited. Virtuous behavior can be described as when one's
aligned with one's aims
: to do
what one knows is best
and to do it gladly.
is that faculty of the mind which
, at the moment of
, the strongest desire from among the various desires present.
Will does not refer to any particular desire, but rather to the capacity
to act decisively on one's
. Within philosophy the will is
important as one of the distinct parts of the mind, along with reason and
understanding. It is considered important in ethics because of its central
role in enabling a person to act deliberately
. Will Power is the trait of resolutely
is the philosophical theory that all events, including moral
completely determined by previously existing causes. Determinism is
usually understood to preclude free will
because it entails that humans cannot act otherwise than they do. The
theory holds that the universe is utterly rational because complete
knowledge of any given situation assures that unerring knowledge of its
future is also possible. Some philosophers suggest variants around this
basic definition. Deterministic theories throughout the history of
philosophy have sprung from diverse and sometimes overlapping motives and
considerations. The opposite of determinism is some kind of indeterminism
(otherwise called nondeterminism). Determinism is often contrasted with
is the idea that events (certain events, or events of
certain types) are not
or not caused deterministically.
is the process of paying close
and continuous attention. Watchfulness and attentiveness.
is a state of readiness to
is a periodic
state during which you are conscious
aware of the world.
is a means with which to lock yourself into a course of
that you might not otherwise choose but that produces a desired result".
In other words, a commitment device is a "way to change one's own
make an otherwise empty promise credible".Dedicated
is devoted to a cause or ideal or purpose
. Solemnly dedicated to or
set apart for a high purpose. Give entirely to a specific person,
activity, or cause.Devoted
or affection. Set aside or apart
for a specific purpose
is bound or
, as under a
pledge to a particular cause, action, or attitude.
solemnly and formally.
is a verbal commitment by one person to
another agreeing to do
not to do
something in the future.
is having the
power to direct or determine
Having great skillfulness and knowledge
of some subject or activity. The ability to determine the behavior or
supervise the running of. Have a firm understanding or
knowledge of; be on top of.
Locus of Control
is the degree to which people believe that they have
outcome of events
in their lives, as opposed to external
forces beyond their control and sometimes
blames outside forces
is an aspect of
the ability to control one's emotions
and behavior in the
face of temptations and impulses. As an executive function, self-control
is a cognitive process that is necessary for regulating one's behavior in
order to achieve goals. A related concept in psychology is emotional
self-regulation. Self-control is like a muscle. In the short term, overuse
of self-control will lead to depletion. However, in the long term, the use
of self-control can strengthen and improve over time.
is the ability to
when you're upset and cheer yourself up when you're down.
If, like most of us, you can stand to improve self-regulation skill, a
good place to start is an understanding of the biology and function of
in general and specifically
is the trait of avoiding excesses.
Abstaining from excess.
; keep in check. Place limits on (extent or access).
refers to a process of adhering absolutely to certain constraints, or the
practice of maintaining strict consistency with certain predefined
parameters. Hold back. Restrict.
is the ability to resist the temptation for an immediate
reward and wait for a later reward. Generally, delayed gratification is
associated with resisting a smaller but more immediate reward in order to
receive a larger or more enduring reward later. A growing body of
literature has linked the ability to delay
to a host of other positive outcomes, including academic
success, physical health, psychological health, and social competence.
Delayed Exchange Test
to see if a person is willing to wait for a bigger reward by being
able to control an impulse to take a quick reward that is less in value or
is the state of endurance under difficult circumstances, which can mean
persevering in the face of delay or provocation without acting on negative
annoyance/anger; or exhibiting forbearance when under strain, especially
when faced with longer-term difficulties. Patience is the level of
endurance one can have before negativity. It is also used to refer to the
character trait of being steadfast. Antonyms include hastiness and
Silence is Golden
is an anticipated outcome
that is intended or that guides your
is having power over oneself, self control.
is an unconscious psychological mechanism that reduces
arising from unacceptable or
potentially harmful stimuli
"If you don't learn to control
yourself then someone or something will end up controlling you,
and not always in your best interest."
There are many benefits of having the ability to focus and pay
attention. In order to maintain your abilities and keep your
mind strong, you have to
and exercise the control that
you have over the mind. The
loves to learn.
Dynamics of neural recruitment surrounding the spontaneous arising of
thoughts in experienced mindfulness practitioners
is an ideal of excellence of character and
soundness of mind, which when combined in one well-balanced individual
leads to other qualities, such as temperance, moderation, prudence,
purity, and self-control.
network of areas in the
that typically responds with activation increases to
attention-demanding tasks in functional imaging studies. The task-positive
network encompasses regions of the dorsal attention system, but in
addition includes dorsolateral and ventrolateral prefrontal regions, the
insular cortex, and the SMA/pre-SMA. Notably, the nodes of this network
are also correlated during rest (i.e., in the absence of any task). The
task-positive network is anti-correlated with the default mode network
main function is to reorient attention towards salient stimuli.
TN is considered to be involved mostly, if not entirely, in involuntary
actions. The neural network is
right hemisphere lateralized
and includes the right temporal-parietal
junction and the right ventral frontal cortex. This system shows activity
increases upon detection of salient targets, especially when they appear
in unexpected locations. Activity increases also are observed in the
ventral system after abrupt changes in sensory stimuli, at the onset and
offset of task blocks, and at the end of a completed trial.
(image of attention network)
Activities to improve Focus
You can accomplish anything if you put your mind to it, but
of course that's easier said then done. Staying focused takes
more then will and desire, it also takes
, good skills and good
techniques that will help you stay on track. Skills like
time management skills
good foresight and
having good emotional control
, it's commitment and dedication,
it's having good
, it's knowing
how to avoid distractions and being good at
It's having good health, good stamina,
and knowing when to take breaks.
It's understanding your
purpose, your abilities and your weaknesses. It's understanding
and your responsibilities. And don't be
overwhelmed or feel inadequate, just start, you can still learn
a lot from the experience as long as you are aware of those
learning moments and understand them.
"To have a
is to have a purpose."
Stanford Marshmallow Experiment
was a series of studies on
in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In these studies, a
child was offered a choice between one small reward provided immediately
or two small rewards (i.e., a larger later reward) if they waited for a
short period, approximately 15 minutes, during which the tester left the
room and then returned. (The reward was sometimes a marshmallow, but often
a cookie or a pretzel.) In follow-up studies, the researchers found that
children who were able to wait longer for the preferred rewards tended to
have better life outcomes, as measured by SAT scores, educational
attainment, body mass index (BMI), and other life measures.
reproduced by Dr David Walsh
The ability to turn down immediate pleasures or
in favor of gaining the long-term satisfaction and
fulfillment from achieving higher and more meaningful
characterized by problems paying attention, excessive activity, or
which is not appropriate for a person's age.
Attention Deficit Disorder
is characterized by problems paying
attention, excessive activity, or difficulty controlling
is not appropriate for a person's age
. ADD symptoms appear before a person
is twelve years old, are present for more than six months, and cause
problems in at least two settings (such as school, home, or recreational
activities). In children, problems paying attention may result in poor
school performance. Although it causes impairment, particularly in modern
society, many children with ADHD have a good attention span for tasks they
Default Mode Network
shown to be active when a person is not focused
on the outside world and the brain is at wakeful rest, such as during
daydreaming and mind-wandering
. But it is also active when the individual
is thinking about others, thinking about themselves, remembering the past,
and planning for the future. DMN is a network of interacting brain regions
known to have activity highly correlated with each other and distinct from
other networks in the brain
The frontoparietal network
is activated when attention is focused on external
, the salience
network is engaged when attention is directed to relevant events, and the
default mode network is recruited when attention is focused internally.
is lack of self-control or the state of acting
Sometimes focusing on one
thing can lead to other ideas
. So you might get off
track from the original goal. So it's best to quickly write
down these new questions or ideas and then
return to the original plan. Sometimes you start off doing one
thing but then end up doing something else, which is not always a
bad thing. But you need to discipline yourself to stay on track
if you want to reach your goal in the necessary timeframe. But
don't ignore what you learn along the way because it might be
will always be things that will catch you off guard."
You have to exercise self-control
everyday in order to keep this ability strong
, just like you
would a muscle. Always take a moment in your day to stop a
and show yourself
that you are
in control. Eventually you will become more aware
and more in control. So
and Practicing Willpower is a must.
Finding your Zone or
What Not to
is a way of exercising your focus. But you
should exercise your focus on things that benefit you.
top - L
isten - S
Take a timeout and refocus. Set a recurring alarm on your
phone for every two hours. Start and End the Day with Control.
is able to influence his
autonomic nervous system
and immune system
at will. Wim Hof Method
The method appears to allow him to generate heat that dissipates to lung
tissue and warms circulating blood in the pulmonary capillaries. Anterior
insula is where the brain's higher thermoregulatory centers are located.
Periaqueductal gray matter area is associated with brain mechanisms for
the control of sensory pain
and is thought to implement this control through the release of opioids
. Generating a
stress-induced analgesic response in periaqueductal gray matter.
Body Temperature Regulation
is the process of heat production in organisms. It
occurs in all warm-blooded animals, and also in a few species of
(born 1970) is a Swedish radiologist from Vänersborg, who
survived after a skiing accident in 1999 left her trapped under a layer of
ice for 80 minutes in freezing water. During this time she became a victim
of extreme hypothermia and her body temperature decreased to 13.7 °C
(56.7 °F), one of the lowest survived body temperatures ever recorded in a
human with accidental hypothermia. Bågenholm was able to find an
air pocket under the ice, but suffered circulatory arrest after 40
minutes in the water. After rescue, Bågenholm was transported by
helicopter to the Tromsø University Hospital, where a team of more than a
hundred doctors and nurses worked in shifts for nine hours to save her
life. Bågenholm woke up ten days after the accident, paralyzed from the
neck down and subsequently spent two months recovering in an intensive
care unit. Although she has made an almost full recovery from the
incident, late in 2009 she was still suffering from minor symptoms in
hands and feet related to nerve injury. Bågenholm's case has been
discussed in the leading British medical journal The Lancet, and in
ability to cause goosebumps or voluntarily generated piloerection
Reading, Listening, Watching, Meditation
, Sports and Juggling
are some of the things that require long periods of focus, so
use them to measure and strengthen your focus.
, urges, cravings, emotions and desires.
is an artificial habit, a preparation, a state
of readiness, or a tendency to act in a specified way that may be learned.
Will to Power
is the main driving force in humans – achievement, ambition, and
the striving to reach the highest possible position in life. These are all
manifestations of the will to power
however, the concept was never systematically defined.
Commitment and Sticking to the plan regardless of the obstacles,
discomfort or difficulties that
of your motivations and triggers.
Name the colors of the following words.
Do NOT read the words...rather, say the color of the words.
Speed of Processing Theory
is the interference occurs because words are read faster than
colors are named.
Selective Attention Theory
is the interference occurs because naming colors requires more
attention than reading words.
is a term used at the interface between neuroscience, cognitive science
and philosophy of mind that has multiple meanings. Firstly, there is the
segregation problem: a practical computational problem of how brains
segregate elements in complex patterns of
so that they are allocated to discrete "objects". In
other words, when looking at a blue square and a yellow circle, what
neural mechanisms ensure that the square is perceived as blue and the
circle as yellow, and not vice versa? The segregation problem is sometimes
called BP1. Secondly, there is the combination problem: the problem of how
objects, background and abstract or emotional features are combined into a
single experience. The combination problem is sometimes called BP2.
However, the difference between these two problems is not always clear.
Moreover, the historical literature is often ambiguous as to whether it is
addressing the segregation or the combination problem.
"What can be Measured can be Improved.”
Knowing when to take breaks
and when to
or a variety of
stimulates your imagination, gives inspiration
and reenergizes your energy level.
- Healthy Nutrition
Focus comes from eliminating distractions, distractions from
outside influences and from thoughts inside the mind. Good
planning, good methods, and always learning.
Being in control is liberating
. It frees you from making the
same mistakes over and over again. You'll still be spontaneous
and creative, and your mind will still wonder, but this time
you'll be a little more aware and a lot less out of control. You
may think that discipline is too constraining, but it's not,
it's actually less constraining because you have more control
over your constraints.
You also become better at decision making because you are now
Father the Sleeper has Awaken
Be Here Now
, Live in the Now, not thinking of the past, not thinking
of the future, calm your mind and just be in the present moment. Let go of your self-serving
self-interested desires. Learning to live in the moment several times a day can help with
focus, memory, relaxation and meditation
Sometimes you have to Stand Back and ask yourself, What am I
How did I get here
Before you learn the
and knowledge that creates
, you first have to know
the reasons why you are seeking these disciplines.
What do you want to achieve, what are your goals and what is
It’s just not enough to be aware of the benefits
that come from having disciplines, but most importantly, you
have to know the specific reasons why you need disciplines and
what you plan to do with them. These are some of the questions
you need to ask if you are going to stay on track and also be
able to recognize the things that will take you off track. If
you leave one question answered if may be that one question that
will unravel everything that you are trying to achieve. You have
to know your weaknesses and you have to know your strengths.
This goes way beyond having
. You still need to be aware of whom you are and what
you are trying to achieve. So when changes do occur you will be
able to recognize these changes and still maintain your
. Of course maintaining focus
over long periods of time is not recommended because it can be
unhealthy and also threaten mental and physical stability. So
one of your disciplines will be learning to have
in your life. You need a
Time and Task Management System
that can be modified when situations change. You also need a
system that reminds you that you are still a human that needs more then
just disciplines in order to thrive.
The only mind control you
should have is your Conscience...
The capacity to rationally weigh
your thoughts is essential. Instead of having uncontrolled
thoughts you should have control of your thoughts so that you
don't waste time with irrelevant or low priority things that
want to control your mind and your time. You can only think of one
thing at a time, so
You brain can only process so much information at
once, so it's important that you know which processes should be
running. Like the process for total self awareness, or the
process for awareness of your surroundings and the process for
listening to a person or persons. Trying to be
aware of several things at once is not very effective.
Daydreaming while driving is a good example.
There's a big difference