Facebook Twiter Goole Plus Linked In YouTube Blogger

Food Education - Nutrition - Eating Healthy Tips

Being very knowledgeable about Food is some of the most important knowledge that you can have. Food is extremely crucial for life quality, second only to water. Importance Scale; Water, Food, Knowledge, Live, Learn, Love. The Human Body is incredible complex machine. Don't ever take your body for granted. Everyone must fully understand the responsibilities of maintaining a strong and healthy body, and mind.

Previous SubjectNext Subject

Food That's Healthy Almost 870 million people chronically undernourished from 2010-2012.
91% of American kids have Poor Diets.
Want kids to learn well? Feed them well: Sam Kass (video and interactive text)

Feeding the Hungry
Food Security
Food Nutrition Service
Food Coops

Let Food Be Your Medicine and Medicine Be Your Food

Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism. It includes food intake, absorption, assimilation, biosynthesis, catabolism and excretion. The organic process of nourishing or being nourished.

Kids who suffer hunger in the first years of their life do poorly in schools. An estimated 13.1 million children live in homes with insufficient food, according to the most recent figures from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Many of those children experience hunger during their first few years of life, or their parents are hungry and stressed out about food during those years – the most crucial time for a child's development. Children also suffer from eating unhealthy Food.

Baby Boomers Will Become Sicker Seniors Than Earlier Generations

You have to be fully aware of your bodies food and water needs, as well as your bodies reactions to certain foods and liquids. Eating only when hungry is good as long as you know that your brains hunger signals are correct and accurate. The same for water, only drink when thirsty, but thirst is not the only factor when it comes to your bodies water needs. It will take a lot of knowledge, information and experience to learn about your needs, and also to understand and control your wants. The goal is to always have maximum energy without wasting time and energy eating more food then you need. And if you learn how to cook and prepare food, then you will always have the ability enjoy eating the way you like.

Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism's cells to provide energy, maintain life, or stimulate growth. Farming

Eating is the ingestion of food, typically to provide a heterotrophic organism with energy and to allow for growth. Animals and other heterotrophs must eat in order to survive.

Carnivores eat other animals, herbivores eat plants, omnivores consume a mixture of both plant and animal matter, and detritivores eat detritus. Fungi digest organic matter outside of their bodies as opposed to animals that digest their food inside their bodies. For humans, eating is an activity of daily living.

Food Energy is chemical energy that animals (including humans) derive from their food and molecular oxygen through the process of cellular respiration. (Cellular respiration involves either the process of joining oxygen from air with the molecules of food (aerobic respiration) or the process of reorganizing the atoms within the molecules (anaerobic respiration).

Energy Density is the amount of Energy stored in a given system or region of space per unit volume or mass, though the latter is more accurately termed specific energy. Often only the useful or extractable energy is measured, which is to say that chemically inaccessible energy such as rest mass energy is ignored.

Adenosine Triphosphate - Brain Energy Needs

Calorie is the approximate amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius at a pressure of one atmosphere.

Energy Transfer is energy exchange from one system to another, is said to occur when an amount of energy crosses the boundary between them, thus increasing the energy content of one system while decreasing the energy content of the other system by the same amount. Thermodynamics

Calories needed by women in their lifetime
Calories needed by men in their lifetime
Human Energy
Vitamins - Minerals
Brain Food
Super Foods
Food Chemistry
Vegetables, Fruits, Grains, Nuts, Herbs and Legumes'

Vitality is life, life force, health, youth, or ability to live or exist. The word vitality is derived from the Latin word vita , which means Life. Vitality - Vital Signs

Gastronomy is the study of the relationship between food and culture, art of preparing and serving rich or delicate and appetizing food, a style of cooking of particular region, and the science of good eating. One who is well versed in gastronomy is called a gastronome, while a gastronomist is one who unites theory and practice in the study of gastronomy.
Digestive System

Diet is just another word for Eating Healthy and eating the right foods in the right amounts at the right times. It's knowing that good flavor does not always mean healthy. It's knowing how to chew your food enough. It's knowing not to eat too fast. It's knowing Not to Overeat and it's knowing when you have eaten enough

Grocery Shopping Tips (youtube)
Box Food Stores
Documentary Films on Health

You need to understand that changes to your body happen gradual over time. So they are almost unnoticeable. When I started eating healthier I noticed that when I ate unhealthy food I felt its grossness swimming through my bloodstream. But if I ate unhealthy food a couple of days in a row, I became unaware of the feeling. So my body created a new normal, which it was not. I also noticed that when I stopped taking vitamins everyday, my body became sluggish. But after a week or two, my body created a new normal. We need to define what normal is so that we will make changes when needed. We also have to avoid eating the exact same foods everyday. Each person needs to do their own personal research, and also needs to break routines in order to examine the changes, whether they are good or bad. With food you have to break routine sometimes. Unless you're absolutely positive that you are doing the right thing. It's good to experiment with other foods. Mostly because there are some foods that you can't eat all the time, or eat every single day. Something's start off beneficial, but they can also have accumulative negative effects. So they are only good once in while. But you have to do the research yourself. And to be a good researcher you have to keep updating your knowledge base. Especially now that we are learning more, and learning faster, then another time in human history.

Studies have shown that dietary improvement cumulatively prevents millions of premature deaths and results in fewer cases of type 2 diabetes, fewer cases of cardiovascular disease and fewer cancer cases, just to name a few of the benefits.

Eating bad food everyday is like never throwing out the garbage. And as the garbage accumulates and builds up, you will find it harder to move around. And with all that garbage, you will have more disease and more problems. And the worst part is that the garbage builds up so slowly over time that you might not even notice before it's to late.  Processed Food

"Convenience is not supposed to hurt us or kill us, or is it supposed to pollute and poison our planet."

"If you get good gas for your car but you eat unhealthy food, who will die first? Who has the most Potential Energy?

"When eating well, we should consider both the health of our bodies and the health of our planet."

“Eat Breakfast Like a King, Lunch Like a Prince, and Dinner Like a Pauper”. (eat your biggest meal early in the day)

Convenience Food is food that is commercially prepared (often through processing) to optimise ease of consumption. Such food is usually ready to eat without further preparation. It may also be easily portable, have a long shelf life, or offer a combination of such convenient traits. Although restaurant meals meet this definition, the term is seldom applied to them. Convenience foods include ready-to-eat dry products, frozen foods such as TV dinners, shelf-stable foods, prepared mixes such as cake mix, and snack foods.
Processed Foods
Food Processing
Food Industry

Food Production News
Food Science

Photos of what People Eat around the World (images)
School Lunches in other Countries (images)
Better School Food
Cafeteria Inspections
School Food Trust
Food Photos


Sandra Aamodt: Why dieting doesn't usually work (video and interactive transcript)

Living Longer
An ideal diet is one that promotes Optimal Health and Longevity.
Biomarkers of Aging are biomarkers that could predict functional capacity at some later age better than will chronological age. Stated another way, biomarkers of aging would give the true "biological age", which may be different from the chronological age.
Biological Clock Aging is a type of DNA clock based on measuring natural DNA methylation levels to estimate the biological age of a tissue, cell type or organ. A pre-eminent example for an epigenetic clock is Horvath's clock, which is based on 353 epigenetic markers on the human genome.
Metabolic Age refers to a number calculated by comparing your Basal Metabolic Rate to the Basal Metabolic Rate average of your chronological age group. This measurement is one among many which can be used to assess health, and people should avoid putting too much weight on it as it is a purely theoretical construct with no clinical studies; a more complete assessment of physical health can be obtained from a doctor, who may also have suggestions to improve health.
Ageing (elderly)


Vitamins - Minerals

Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems. It may involve calories, protein, carbohydrates, Vitamins or Minerals. Not enough nutrients is called undernutrition or undernourishment while too much is called overnutrition. Malnutrition is often used specifically to refer to undernutrition where there is not enough calories, protein, or micronutrients. If undernutrition occurs during pregnancy, or before two years of age, it may result in permanent problems with physical and mental development. Extreme undernourishment, known as starvation, may have symptoms that include: a short height, thin body, very poor energy levels, and swollen legs and abdomen. People also often get infections and are frequently cold. The symptoms of micronutrient deficiencies depend on the micronutrient that is lacking.

Nutrition Consulting

Smart Plate TopView: Your Personal Nutritionist The world’s first Intelligent Nutrition Platform that instantly analyzes everything you eat.

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (wiki)
Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior (SNEB)


Eat a Well-Balanced Diet and Limit Sugar and Salt

Nutrition is very important so be very aware of how you feel after eating certain foods, Like feeling sleepy, having intestinal cramps, felling irritable, unable to focus, unable to sleep, changes in skin appearance, physical performance and so on. But remember some negative effects happen so gradual over time that you don't notice the damage until it's to late.

Brain Food

In June 2012, I noticed that I was experiencing increased cognitive abilities after a month or two of eating a small amount of salmon on my whole grain slice of toast every morning. Wow! I love Omega 3 fatty acids. It's easier to Remember, easier to Focus and easier to Learn. And you don't feel groggy, or a little off. And more neural pathways are open, so thinking and Problem Solving becomes easier too. So the benefits seem promising. But of course, always check with Doctors and experts to see if Omegas are healthy for your particular body needs. Not everyone benefits from nutrients the same way. You may have a particular chemistry and certain health issues and other factors. In order to fully benefit from brain enhancing foods you would also need to stop ingesting Foods and Chemicals that diminish brain functions, like fluoride, Alcohol and Drugs, certain Vaccines, Pesticides, just to name a few. You also need exercise, and you also need to keep educating yourself. Do you have allergies or some sort of sensitivity? Also be careful of fatty acids in pill form that come with essential EPA, DNA GLA and ALA Fatty Acids, or made from Fish Oil, Flaxseed Oil and Borage Seed Oil. Do your research.

Omega-3 Fatty Acid are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with a double bond (C=C) at the third carbon atom from the end of the carbon chain that are important for normal metabolism.

Foods that have Omega-3's: Walnuts, Salmon, Flaxseeds, Beans, Spinach, Kale, Seaweed, Enhanced Eggs and Tofu.
Krill Oil is an extract prepared from a species of Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba. Two of the most important components in krill oil are omega-3 fatty acids similar to those in fish oil, and phospholipid-derived fatty acids (PLFA), mainly phosphatidylcholine (alternatively referred to as marine lecithin).
Marine Phytoplankton
Omega-6 Fatty Acid are a family of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory polyunsaturated fatty acids that have in common a final carbon-carbon double bond in the n-6 position, that is, the sixth bond, counting from the methyl end. Should eat lower amounts.
Omega-9 Fatty Acid
Medium-Chain Triglycerides
Omega-3 Lowers Childhood Aggression in Short Term, Penn Research Shows
Fish Oil–Derived Fatty Acids in Pregnancy and Wheeze and Asthma in Offspring
Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood
Fatty Acids also help expel heavy metals from the body.

Mediterranean Diet May Have Lasting Effects on Brain Health. A new study shows that older people who followed a Mediterranean diet retained more brain volume over a three-year period than those who did not follow the diet as closely.

Lignan are a large group of chemical compounds found in plants. Some examples of lignans are pinoresinol, podophyllotoxin, and steganacin.
Isoflavones are a type of naturally occurring isoflavonoids, many of which act as phytoestrogens in mammals. Isoflavones are produced almost exclusively by the members of the Fabaceae (i.e., Leguminosae, or bean) family.
Alpha-Linolenic Acid is an n−3 fatty acid. It is one of two essential fatty acids (the other being linoleic acid), so called because they are necessary for health and cannot be produced within the human body. They must be acquired through diet. ALA is an omega-3 fatty acid found in chia seeds, flaxseed, hemp seeds, nuts (notably walnuts), and many common vegetable oils.
Bacopa Monnieri is a perennial, creeping herb native to the wetlands of southern and Eastern India, Australia, Europe, Africa, Asia, and North and South America. Bacopa is a medicinal herb used in Ayurveda, where it is also known as "Brahmi", after Brahmā, the creator God of the Hindu pantheon.
Vitamins - Minerals
Mind Diet
Brain Maintenance

Myelin  - Nerve Cells - Nervous System

Other Brain Boosting Products
Nutiva Organic Shelled Hempseeds (amazon)
Salvia Hispanica (Chia Seeds)

Green Tea
Matcha Green Tea Powder with lemon.
Catechin is a flavan-3-ol, a type of natural phenol and antioxidant. It is a plant secondary metabolite. It belongs to the group of flavan-3-ols (or simply flavanols), part of the chemical family of flavonoids.
Herbal Tea
Darjeeling Tea
Adding Boiling water to tea can burn the leaves, which will alter the taste. Wait about a minute after boiling water before adding it to tea.
The Right Way to Make Tea - Stop Eating it Wrong, Episode 27 (youtube)
Coffee Knowledge - How to Make and Prepare Coffee
Upgraded Coffee - Kit
How to Make Bulletproof Coffee (youtube)
Mitochondiral Energy Support W/BioPQQ (amazon)
Mycotoxin is a toxic secondary metabolite produced by organisms of the fungus kingdom.
Ochratoxin are a group of mycotoxins produced by some Aspergillus species.
Aflatoxin B1 is a potent carcinogen, and is up to twice as carcinogenic as an equitoxic dose of X-rays.
Ochratoxin A is one of the most-abundant food-contaminating mycotoxins. It is also a frequent contaminant of water-damaged houses and of heating ducts. Human exposure can occur through consumption of contaminated food products, particularly contaminated grain and pork products, as well as coffee, wine grapes, and dried grapes. The toxin has been found in the tissues and organs of animals, including human blood and breast milk. Ochratoxin A, like most toxic substances, has large species- and sex-specific toxicological differences.
Choline is the precursor molecule for the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which is involved in many functions including memory and muscle control.
Tannin is an astringent, polyphenolic biomolecule that binds to and precipitates proteins and various other organic compounds including amino acids and alkaloids.
Hormesis is the term that describes any process in a cell or organism that exhibits a biphasic response to exposure to increasing amounts of a substance or condition
Mycotoxins in Foods 
Coffee acidity refers to a flavor note, not to the actual acid content; coffee is relatively low in acid. Its pH averages around 5.0 - 5.1, which is more neutral than beer or any fruit juice and similar to carbonated water (which contains carbonic acid as a result of the dissolved carbon dioxide). If a vinegar/water solution were made within an equivalent pH, its acidity could not be detected by taste.  The average American consumes about 200 mg of Caffeine a day. Caffeine in Coffee amounts by manufacturer Increased alertness can begin in as few as 10 minutes but it takes about 30 to 60 minutes for caffeine to reach its peak level in the blood. The body typically eliminates half of the drug in three to five hours, and the remainder can linger for eight to 14 hours. Women generally metabolize caffeine faster than men. Smokers process it twice as quickly as nonsmokers do. Caffeine overuse can trigger a fast heart rate, insomnia, anxiety and restlessness, among other side effects.
Beer and Coffee Benefits Comparison Info-Graph

Cacao is a small evergreen tree in the family Malvaceae, native to the deep tropical regions of Central and South America. Its seeds, Cocoa Beans, are used to make cocoa mass, cocoa powder, confectionery, ganache and chocolate.
Healthworks Raw Certified Organic Cacao Powder, 1 lb (amazon)   Raw
Cocoa Barometer
Conseil Cafe Cacao
World Cocoa Foundation
Green America
Chocolate Bloom is a whitish coating that can appear on the surface of chocolate. This effect is one of the main concerns in the production of chocolate. There are two types of bloom: fat bloom, arising from changes in the Fat in the chocolate; and sugar bloom, formed by the action of moisture on the Sugar ingredients. The crystals of fat and sugar bloom limit the shelf life of many chocolates. Chocolate that has "bloomed" is still safe to eat (as it is a non-perishable food due to its sugar content), but may have an unappetizing appearance and surface texture. In general, Chocolate bloom can be 'repaired' by melting the chocolate down, stirring it, then pouring it into a mould and allowing it to cool, bringing the sugar or fat back into the solution.
Flavonoids are a class of plant and fungus secondary metabolites.
Dentate Gyrus (Hippocampus)
Butter from Grass Fed Cows (amazon)

Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum. Cinnamon is used in both sweet and savoury foods. The term "cinnamon" also refers to its mid-brown colour.
Ceylon Real Organic Cinnamon Sticks (amazon)

Coconut Oil is an edible oil extracted from the kernel or meat of mature coconuts harvested from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). Because of its high saturated fat content, it is slow to oxidize and, thus, resistant to rancidification, lasting up to six months at 24 °C (75 °F) without spoiling.
Organic Coconut Oil (amazon)  MCT

Anthocyanin (Purple Food)

Does an Empty Stomach help Concentration and Memory? (PDF) 

Breathing Exercises helps improve Brain Function, and Exercise too.
Music and Concentration

Huperzine A
Vitamin E
More Supplements (amazon)
Aromas like Rosemary
Vitamins - Minerals

Holy Basil
Garden Sage
Lingzhi Mushroom
Smart Drugs
Herbs - Spices

Health and Medicinal Benefits of Raw Garlic
Raw Garlic (2 Cloves a Day)
Powerful immune system enhancer
Increases White blood cell production
Reduces high cholesterol. Allicin
Antifungal, effective remedy for yeast infections and Candida.
Clears Boils and infected sores
Improves Appetite
Digestive aid, add it to meat and other heavy meals.
Increases libido
Expels Intestinal Parasites and worms.
Ancient Potion: Garlic, onions and cow bile. Mixed with wine and aged in a copper vessel.  Potion (wiki)

Stronger legs linked to stronger brains in older women
Exercise Benefits

People over age 50 who are sexually active have better memory and cognitive skills than people who are less sexually active.
Cognitive Neuroscience in Space effects on the brain in a weightless environment. Movement and other brain functions are affected under zero gravity or microgravity conditions. Terrestrial research has shown that human cognitive and perceptual motor performances deteriorate under stress may affect neurocognitive performance. Various psychomotor functions degrade during space flight including central postural functions, the speed and accuracy of aimed movements, internal timekeeping, attentional processes, sensing of limb position and the central management of concurrent tasks. Other factors that might affect neurocognitive performance in space are illness, injury, toxic exposure, decompression accidents, medication side effects and excessive exposure to radiation. Different tools have been developed to assess and counteract these deficits and problems, including computerized tests and physical exercise devices.

Brain Maintenance 101

Some of the dangers from eating unhealthy foods are increased risk of Kidney Disease, Dehydration, Nausea, increased risk of Cancer, increased risk of Heart Disease, Strokes, Seizures, Mood Changes, Diabetes, Anorexia, High Blood Pressure, Bad Breath, Cognitive Abilities, Poor Endurance, increased Bone Loss, Digestive Problems, Gout and Nutritional Deficiencies to name a few.

Processed Food - Junk Food
Heart Disease - Diabetes
Eco Mii
Microbes - Good Bacteria

Your body and brain depends on you making the right food decisions, so please make yourself very aware of the importance of eating the right foods with balance. Know the difference between being hungry and not having enough to eat. Avoiding foods that are not good for you is not easy. Discipline in this area means that you have respect for your body and that you are knowledgeable about which foods are good and which foods are bad. Taste is never an indication on determining if a food is good for you or if a food is bad for you. Learning how to cook healthy foods is one of the most rewarding skills to have.

All foods can be Prepared in a way that would please everyone’s tastes and needs. Eating a verity of regular foods in smaller portions is a good idea. A Bad Diet can be just as dangerous and damaging as Malnutrition. You should never eliminate entire food groups unless you have allergies or a medical condition. So please learn what foods are good for you and in what quantities.

Meat in Moderation

Processed Meat, especially Red Meats, Sausage, Bacon, Deli Meats and Hot Dogs, have been linked to a a higher risk of Pancreatic Cancer, and an elevated risk of Colorectal Cancer and a significantly higher risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes and Heart Disease. As well as the degradation of the planet. Meat does more harm then good, and you don't need it.

Advanced Glycation End-Product
Over Eating
How Deli Meat is Made (youtube)

What it Takes to make a Quarter Pound Hamburger from Animal to Plate

Quarter Pound Hamburger from Animal to Plate

Those who ate more white meat in moderation had a slightly lower risk of overall and Cancer death.
Does earth have more chickens then people? 

Food Addiction
Food Additives
Food Labels
Food Safety


When you’re born your body is pH balanced. Then your body is busy creating new cells to replace dying cells, and to do this, nutrients are used as fuel. What’s left is an acid waste product that builds up inside your body over the years. When your pH levels are out of balance and you become acidic, your vital organs such as your lungs, liver and pancreas are exposed to premature aging, the lining of your arteries deteriorates… vital cartilage in your joints is damaged… your skin prematurely wrinkles… your muscle mass wears down… your immune system is weakened… and your calcium levels become depleted. And if your body becomes too acidic, the result can be deadly. To maintain the proper chemical balance, you should consume 80 percent alkaline-forming foods and only 20 percent acid-forming foods. Some nutritious alkaline-forming foods include…Vegetables—Alfalfa, artichokes, asparagus, beans, bell peppers, cabbage, carrots, celery, chives, cauliflower, collards, cucumbers, eggplant, garlic, leafy greens, lettuce, mushrooms, okra, ripe olives, onions, pumpkins, spinach and squash. Fruits—Apples, avocados, berries, cantaloupe, cherries, grapes, peaches, pineapples, tomatoes, watermelon and citrus fruits such as grapefruit, lemons, limes and oranges. Grains and Legumes—Buckwheat, millet, spelt, lentils, lima beans, soybeans and white beans. Nuts and Seeds—Almonds, chestnuts, fennel seeds, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, soy nuts and sunflower seeds. Protein—Chicken breast, cottage cheese, eggs, fermented tofu and yogurt. Spices and Seasonings—Herbs, chili pepper, cinnamon, curry, ginger, mustard and sea salt. Beverages—Pure, fresh water, banchi tea, dandelion tea, fresh fruit juice, ginseng tea, green tea, herbal tea and vegetable juices. Food Chemistry

Hay Diet separating food into three groups: alkaline, acidic, and neutral. Acid foods are not combined with the alkaline ones. Acidic foods are protein rich, such as meat, fish, dairy, etc. Alkaline foods are carbohydrate rich, such as rice, grains and potatoes. It is also known as the food combining diet.
Alkaline Diets - Acid Alkaline Diet

10 Health Benefits of Drinking Lemon Water Every Morning (youtube)

PH (potential of hydrogen) is a numeric scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution. It is approximately the negative of the base 10 logarithm of the molar concentration, measured in units of moles per liter, of hydrogen ions. More precisely it is the negative of the logarithm to base 10 of the activity of the hydrogen ion. Solutions with a pH less than 7 are acidic and solutions with a pH greater than 7 are basic. Pure water is neutral, at pH 7, being neither an acid nor a base. Contrary to popular belief, the pH value can be less than 0 or greater than 14 for very strong acids and bases respectively. pH measurements are important in agronomy, medicine, biology, chemistry, agriculture, forestry, food science, environmental science, oceanography, civil engineering, chemical engineering, nutrition, water treatment and water purification, as well as many other applications. The pH scale is traceable to a set of standard solutions whose pH is established by international agreement. Primary pH standard values are determined using a concentration cell with transference, by measuring the potential difference between a hydrogen electrode and a standard electrode such as the silver chloride electrode. The pH of aqueous solutions can be measured with a glass electrode and a pH meter, or an indicator.

Acetic Acid is a colourless liquid organic compound. Vinegar is roughly 3–9% acetic acid by volume, making acetic acid the main component of vinegar apart from water.

Citric Acid is a weak organic tricarboxylic acid having the chemical formula C6H8O7. It occurs naturally in citrus fruits. In biochemistry, it is an intermediate in the citric acid cycle, which occurs in the metabolism of all aerobic organisms. More than a million tons of citric acid are manufactured every year. It is used widely as an acidifier, as a flavoring and chelating agent. A citrate is a derivative of citric acid; that is, the salts, esters, and the polyatomic anion found in solution.

Western Pattern Diet is characterized by higher intakes of red and processed meat, butter, high-fat dairy products, eggs, refined grains, white potatoes, french fries, and high-sugar drinks. It is contrasted with a healthy diet found in the same populations, which has higher levels of fruits, vegetables, whole-grain foods, poultry and fish.
The Standard American Diet (SAD diet) includes a high percentage of acid-forming foods. These create electrolyte deficiencies. When this happens your bile becomes too acidic. Your body can't digest foods efficiently. This diet consists of about 80% processed foods (acid-forming) and only 20% natural foods (alkaline-forming). The goal is to gradually reverse these percentages. This is accomplished by changing your diet. 

Avoid eating to much acid-forming foods such as beef, poultry, pork, shellfish, dressings, cereals, pasta, oils, dairy products and sugar-laden desserts that can negatively impact your health and overload your organs of elimination—such as your lungs, kidneys and skin. Plus, by adding a quality alkaline-balancing supplement to your wholesome diet regimen, you’ll ensure that your body’s excess acid is converted or eliminated. And you may avoid illness, allergies, viruses and diseases that manifest themselves when your body is overworked trying to restore its sensitive pH level.  (Dr. Michael Cutler on 08/29/2010)

PH Test Tape Dispenser Hydrion Papers Strips made for Saliva or Urine Testing - Range is in .2 Intervals and from 5.5 to 8.0 - Check Body for Alkaline or Acid Environment - Approx. 100 Tests! (amazon)

Respiratory Alkalosis is a medical condition in which increased respiration elevates the blood pH beyond the normal range (7.35-7.45) with a concurrent reduction in arterial levels of carbon dioxide. This condition is one of the four basic categories of disruption of acid-base homeostasis, which is the part of biologic homeostasis (See The extracellular fluid pH homeostat) concerning the proper balance between chemical acids and bases, also called body pH. The body is very sensitive to its extracellular pH level, so strong mechanisms exist to maintain it. Outside the acceptable range of pH, proteins are denatured and digested, enzymes lose their ability to function, and death may occur. The principles of general acid–base equilibrium apply in the physiology of living systems.

Carbonic Anhydrase is a family of enzymes that catalyze the rapid interconversion of carbon dioxide and water to bicarbonate and protons (or vice versa), a reversible reaction that occurs relatively slowly in the absence of a catalyst. One of the functions of the enzyme in animals is to interconvert carbon dioxide and bicarbonate to maintain acid-base balance in blood and other tissues, and to help transport carbon dioxide out of tissues.

Imagine peeing into a toilet and the toilet has the ability to measure your electrolytes, your PH levels and hormone levels.

"It's all right letting yourself go, as long as you can get yourself back."  Mick Jagger


Not all Cholesterol is Bad
Cholesterol (wiki)
Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL)
High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL)
Statin Nation: The Great Cholesterol Cover-up (youtube)
The Cholesterol Question (44:12 mins, 2014)
ApoA-1 Milano


Raw Cow’s Milk has been a staple food for humans from about 7000 BC. That is over 9000 years ago! Humans have survived and thrived drinking whole raw milk. The USDA, of course, would have you believe otherwise. Whole raw cow’s milk provides all 20 amino acid proteins and a majority of the vitamins and minerals needed for vibrant human health, including vitamins A and D and calcium. It also provides many beneficial enzymes and anti-microbial substances to aid the immune and digestive systems. And milk provides all this nutrition straight from the cow, no processing needed. Raw milk provides 10 different saturated fatty acids needed for maintaining body health. These fats support stable cell membranes and are necessary for the production of key hormones. Saturated fats are the preferred energy source for the heart, and saturated fats serve as a vehicle for essential fatty acids like EPA and DHA. Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA), an important fatty acid, is abundant in milk from pastured cows. Some of CLA's many benefits include its ability to raise metabolic rates, remove abdominal fat, boost muscle growth, reduce resistance to insulin, and strengthen the immune system. But of course, milk and cheese is food that the body doesn't need, unless you're a baby.

Raw Milk Cheeses
Lactase Persistence (wiki)
Breast Feeding

A2 Milk comes from cows having two copies of the A2 gene for beta casein.
Cow’s milk is about 87 percent water. The remaining 13 percent is the complex mixture of lactose, fat, minerals, and protein known as milk solids. The primary component of the protein in milk solids is casein, which is involved in the coagulation of milk. Two most common variants of the beta-casein gene are A1 and A2. Even though they differ by just one amino acid, the small difference can result in the variants having different properties. A2 is often referred to as the “original” protein, because that was the only type produced by early domesticated cows. (Humans and goats also produce only A2.) But then, around 10,000 years ago, a natural mutation occurred in some dairy cows in Europe, after which they produced A1 beta casein. In today’s dairy herds, any given cow will have two copies of the A2 gene, or two copies of the A1 gene, or be an A1A2 hybrid. (Genetics 101: Every animal receives one copy of the gene from its sire, or father, and one copy from its dam, or mother.) The A1 mutation “occurred primarily in the large breeds such as Holsteins, which produce considerably more milk than other breeds. These heavy-producing breeds were quickly adopted by dairies in Europe and the U.S. and, as a result, just about all the regular milk sold today in U.S. stores and in much of Europe contains only the A1 protein, while others produce both the A1 and A2 proteins. A2 Milk is said to be easier to digest and that A1 milk is linked to a range of illnesses and conditions, from diarrhea, nausea, mucus buildup, and bloating to eczema, type 1 diabetes, coronary heart disease, autism, and schizophrenia.

Calorie for Calorie, Dietary Fat Restriction Results in More Body Fat Loss than Carbohydrate Restriction in People with Obesity.

Soon after Eggs pop out of the chicken, American producers put them straight to a machine that shampoos them with soap and hot water. The steamy shower leaves the shells squeaky clean. But it also compromises them, by washing away a barely visible sheen that naturally envelops each egg. The coating is like a little safety vest for the egg, keeping water and oxygen in and bad bacteria out. In some European countries, egg-laying hens are vaccinated against salmonella. In the U.S., vaccination is not required. "Once you start refrigeration, you have to have it through the whole value chain, from farm to store. Another perk of consistent refrigeration is shelf life: It jumps from about 21 days to almost 50 days. In a lot of countries, constant refrigeration just isn't possible because it's simply too costly But in a lot of places, "a dirty egg with poop on it is no big deal. You brush it off when you get home."
Eggs 101: Egg Processing (youtube)

Iowa’s 60 Million Laying Hens Aren’t Being Monitored by Food-Safety Inspectors
In 2010, 550 million eggs were recalled after thousands of people were sickened with salmonella in an outbreak tied to farms in Iowa. According to the FDA, eggs contaminated with salmonella sicken 79,000 people and kill 30 annually. Food Safety

Crushed eggshells are an effective and inexpensive way to enrich your soil and give your plants a calcium boost. They also deter pests like snails. Rinse your saved eggshells thoroughly and then spread them evenly on a baking sheet, broken-side
down, and bake them for 20-30 minutes at 200 degrees. Once they're dry and cool, you can grind them up using a mallet or a food processor. Sprinkle the shells around the base of your plants. Store any leftover crushed shells in an airtight container for later use.


Allergic to Certain Foods and Chemicals

Federal Health Officials say that allergies are two to five times higher than they were just 30 years ago.

Allergy are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to something in the environment that usually causes little or no problem in most people. These diseases include hay fever, food allergies, atopic dermatitis, allergic asthma, and anaphylaxis. Symptoms may include red eyes, an itchy rash, runny nose, shortness of breath, or swelling. Food intolerances and food poisoning are separate conditions. Common allergens include pollen and certain food. Metals and other substances may also cause problems. Food, insect stings, and medications are common causes of severe reactions. Their development is due to both genetic and environmental factors. The underlying mechanism involves immunoglobulin E antibodies (IgE), part of the body's immune system, binding to an allergen and then to a receptor on mast cells or basophils where it triggers the release of inflammatory chemicals such as histamine. Diagnosis is typically based on a person's medical history. Further testing of the skin or blood may be useful in certain cases. Positive tests, however, may not mean there is a significant allergy to the substance in question. Early exposure to potential allergens may be protective. Treatments for allergies include avoiding known allergens and the use of medications such as steroids and antihistamines. In severe reactions injectable adrenaline (epinephrine) is recommended. Allergen immunotherapy, which gradually exposes people to larger and larger amounts of allergen, is useful for some types of allergies such as hay fever and reactions to insect bites. Its use in food allergies is unclear. Allergies are common. In the developed world, about 20% of people are affected by allergic rhinitis, about 6% of people have at least one food allergy, and about 20% have atopic dermatitis at some point in time. Depending on the country about 1–18% of people have asthma. Anaphylaxis occurs in between 0.05–2% of people. Rates of many allergic diseases appear to be increasing. The word "allergy" was first used by Clemens von Pirquet in 1906.
Allergies (webmd)
Pollen Count Forecast
Asthma and Allergies
Food Allergy and Sensitivity is an abnormal immune response to food. The signs and symptoms may range from mild to severe. They may include itchiness, swelling of the tongue, vomiting, diarrhea, hives, trouble breathing, or low blood pressure. This typically occurs within minutes to several hours of exposure. When the symptoms are severe, it is known as anaphylaxis. Food intolerance and food poisoning are separate conditions. Common foods involved include cow's milk, peanuts, eggs, shellfish, tree nuts, wheat, rice, and fruit. The common allergies in a region vary depending on the country. Risk factors include a family history of allergies, vitamin D deficiency, obesity, and high levels of cleanliness. Allergies occur when immunoglobulin E (IgE), part of the body's immune system, binds to food molecules. A protein in the food is usually the problem. This triggers the release of inflammatory chemicals such as histamine. Diagnosis is usually based on a medical history, elimination diet, skin prick test, blood tests for food-specific IgE antibodies, or oral food challenge. Early exposure to potential allergens may be protective. Management primarily involves avoiding the food in question and having a plan if exposure occurs. This plan may include giving adrenaline (epinephrine) and wearing medical alert jewelry. The benefits of allergen immunotherapy for food allergies is unclear, thus is not recommended as of 2015. Some types of food allergies among children resolve with age, including that to milk, eggs, and soy; while others such as to nuts and shellfish typically do not. In the developed world, about 4% to 8% of people have at least one food allergy. They are more common in children than adults and appear to be increasing in frequency. Male children appear to be more commonly affected than females. Some allergies more commonly develop early in life, while others typically develop in later life. In developed countries, a large proportion of people believe they have food allergies when they actually do not have them.
Food Allergy
CDC Food Allergies

Studies show children who live on Farms have low rates of allergies. Dr. Mark Holbreich, an Allergist in Indianapolis and a fellow of The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, calls it "the farm effect."
Hygiene Hypothesis
Breast Feeding

There are other theories about why allergies are rising. Taking Antibiotics early in life may be a factor. Tightly constructed homes with little ventilation may foster allergies. And today people stay inside for longer periods of time, not exposing themselves to The Great Outdoors. Dogs can also help boost the Immune System. A Finnish study finds Babies who grow up with pets, especially dogs, are less likely to develop colds and other Respiratory Infections by the time they're toddlers.   Mysophobia Fear of Germs
Germ Theory of Disease

What's the difference between a Germ Cell and Bacteria?
Kids Health Germs 
International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (wiki)
Auckland NZ
Epinephrine Autoinjector (wiki)
Parental sucking of their infant’s pacifier may reduce the risk of allergy development
Saliva (wiki)
Viruses and Colds
Immune System

Eating fast food 3 times a week or more elevates the risk of asthma and eczema, while eating fruit with the same frequency provides a protective effect, says a study. Data was collected on more than 319,000 teenagers (13-14 years of age) from 107 centers in 51 countries, and more than 181,000 children (6-7 year-olds) from 64 centers in 31 countries.
The Respiratory Journal Thorax Reports

Eating Disorders

Fasting once a year or once a month?

Fasting is a willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time.
Inedia is the belief that it is possible for a person to live without consuming food.
Intermittent Fasting diets that cycle between a period of fasting and non-fasting.
Benefits of Intermittent Fasting
5:2 Diet A form of intermittent fasting diet which stipulates calorie restriction for two non-consecutive days a week and unconstrained eating the other five days.
Longevity & Why I now eat One Meal a Day (youtube)
Calorie Restriction is a dietary regimen that reduces calorie intake without incurring malnutrition or a reduction in essential nutrients.
Long Life Knowledge
Examine the Effects
Generation of boys who experience famine around the time they started producing reproductive cells or sperm, their grandchildren lived longer lives. Boys who experienced plentiful food experienced more diseases.
Emaciated is very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold. Grow weak and thin or waste away physically.
Muscle Atrophy

Intermittent fasting inhibits the development and progression of the most common type of childhood leukemia. Fasting both inhibits the initiation and reverses the progression of two subtypes of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, or ALL -- B-cell ALL and T-cell ALL. The same method did not work with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the type that is more common in adults. Compared to mice that ate normally, the rodents on alternate-day fasting had dramatic reductions in the percentage of cancerous cells in the bone marrow and the spleen as well as reduced numbers of white blood cells. Mice in the ALL model group that ate normally died within 59 days, while 75 percent of the fasted mice survived more than 120 days without signs of leukemia." Fasting is known to reduce the level of leptin, a cell signaling molecule created by fat tissue.
Leptin is a hormone made by adipose cells that helps to regulate energy balance by inhibiting hunger. Leptin is opposed by the actions of the hormone ghrelin, the "hunger hormone". Both hormones act on receptors in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus to regulate appetite to achieve energy homeostasis. In obesity, a decreased sensitivity to leptin occurs, resulting in an inability to detect satiety despite high energy stores.

A Pilot Study of Intermittent Calorie Restriction in Multiple Sclerosis


Detoxification is a type of alternative medicine treatment which aims to rid the body of unspecified "toxins" – accumulated substances that proponents claim have undesirable short-term or long-term effects on individual health. Activities commonly associated with detoxification include dieting, fasting, consuming exclusively or avoiding specific foods (such as fats, carbohydrates, fruits, vegetables, juices, herbs, or water), colon cleansing, chelation therapy, and the removal of dental fillings.

Weekend Cleanse
Colonic Irrigations
Colonic Hydrotherapy

Colon Cleansing encompasses a number of alternative medical therapies claimed to remove nonspecific toxins from the colon and intestinal tract. Colon cleansing may be branded colon hydrotherapy, a colonic or colonic irrigation. During the 2000s internet marketing and infomercials of oral supplements supposedly for colon cleansing increased.
Enema is a fluid injected into the lower bowel by way of the rectum to relieve constipation or for bowel cleansing before a medical examination or procedure. In standard medicine an enema may also be employed as a lower gastrointestinal series (also called a barium enema), to check diarrhea, as a vehicle for the administration of food, water or medicine, as a stimulant to the general system, as a local application and, more rarely, as a means of reducing temperature, as treatment for encopresis, and as a form of rehydration therapy (proctoclysis) in patients for whom intravenous therapy is not applicable. Also known as clyster. Enemas are used as part of some alternative health therapies and are also used to administer drugs for recreational or religious reasons.

Chelation Therapy is a medical procedure that involves the administration of chelating agents to remove heavy metals from the body. Chelation therapy has a long history of use in clinical toxicology and remains in use for some very specific medical treatments, although it is administered under very careful medical supervision due to various inherent risks. Chelation therapy must be administered with care as it has a number of possible side effects, including death. In response to increasing use of chelation therapy as alternative medicine and in circumstances in which the therapy should not be used in conventional medicine, various health organizations have confirmed that medical evidence does not support the effectiveness of chelation therapy for any purpose other than the treatment of heavy metal poisoning. Over-the-counter chelation products are not approved for sale in the United States.

10 tips to flush the toxins out
Clean Program
Dtox weightless

Cruciferous Vegetables are vegetables of the family Brassicaceae (also called Cruciferae) with many genera, species, and cultivars being raised for food production such as cauliflower, cabbage, garden cress, bok choy, broccoli, brussels sprouts and similar green leaf vegetables. The family takes its alternate name (Cruciferae, New Latin for "cross-bearing") from the shape of their flowers, whose four petals resemble a cross.
Cilantro and Chlorella can help Remove Heavy Metals from the Body.
Mucoid Plaque allegedly harmful mucus-like material and food residue that coats the gastrointestinal tract of most people.
(2 table Spoons of Honey and Apple Cider Vinegar with 8 ounces of water)
Deworming is the giving of an anthelmintic drug (a wormer, dewormer, or drench) to a human or animal to rid them of helminths parasites, such as roundworm, flukes and tapeworm. Purge dewormers for use in livestock can be formulated as a feed supplement that is eaten, a paste or gel that is deposited at the back of the animal's mouth, a liquid drench given orally, an injectable, or as a pour-on which can be applied to the animal's topline. In dogs and cats, purge dewormers come in many forms including a granular form to be added to food, pill form, chew tablets, and liquid suspensions.
Hookworm Infection is an infection by a parasitic bloodsucking roundworm. Hookworm infections include ancylostomiasis and necatoriasis. These worms live in the small intestine which may be that of a bird or mammal such as a dog, cat, or human. Hookworm infection in pregnancy can cause poor growth, premature birth and a low birth weight of the baby. Hookworms in children can cause intellectual and growth problems.


Microbial Balance

Gut Flora is the complex community of microorganisms that live in the digestive tracts of humans and other animals, including insects. The gut metagenome is the aggregate of all the genomes of gut microbiota. The gut is one niche that human microbiota inhabit. In humans, the gut microbiota has the largest numbers of bacteria and the greatest number of species compared to other areas of the body. In humans the gut flora is established at one to two years after birth, and by that time the intestinal epithelium and the intestinal mucosal barrier that it secretes have co-developed in a way that is tolerant to, and even supportive of, the gut flora and that also provides a barrier to pathogenic organisms.
Microbiota is an "ecological community of commensal, symbiotic and pathogenic microorganisms" found in and on all multicellular organisms studied to date from plants to animals. A microbiota includes bacteria, archaea, protists, fungi and viruses. Microbiota have been found to be crucial for immunologic, hormonal and metabolic homeostasis of their host. The synonymous term microbiome describes either the collective genomes of the microorganisms that reside in an environmental niche or the microorganisms themselves. The microbiome and host emerged during evolution as a synergistic unit from epigenetics and genomic characteristics, sometimes collectively referred to as a holobiont.

Probiotics are microorganisms that are believed to provide health benefits when consumed. The term probiotic is currently used to name ingested microorganisms associated with benefits for humans and animals.

Prebiotics are substances that induce the growth or activity of microorganisms (e.g., bacteria and fungi) that contribute to the well-being of their host. The most common example is in the gastrointestinal tract, where prebiotics can alter the composition of organisms in the gut microbiome.
Probiotics 100 Years (PDF)

Probiotic App is a Clinical Guide to Probiotic Products available in the US is designed to translate scientific evidence available for probiotic supplements into practical, clinically relevant information, enabling clinicians to easily select the appropriate product, dose, and format/formulation for a specific indication. Probiotics and Depression
Synbiotics refers to food ingredients or dietary supplements combining probiotics and prebiotics in a form of synergism, hence synbiotics.

Yogurt is a food produced by bacterial fermentation of milk. The bacteria used to make yogurt are known as "yogurt cultures". Fermentation of lactose by these bacteria produces lactic acid, which acts on milk protein to give yogurt its texture and characteristic tang. Cow's milk is commonly available worldwide, and, as such, is the milk most commonly used to make yogurt. Milk from water buffalo, goats, ewes, mares, camels, and yaks is also used to produce yogurt where available locally. Milk used may be homogenized or not (milk distributed in many parts of the world is homogenized); both types may be used, with substantially different results. Yogurt is produced using a culture of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus bacteria. In addition, other lactobacilli and bifidobacteria are also sometimes added during or after culturing yogurt. Some countries require yogurt to contain a certain amount of colony-forming units of bacteria.
About Yogurt
Reversing Depression Symptoms in Mice Using Probiotics Found in Yogurt

Food Safety - Food Chemistry

Proteobacteria are a major phylum of Gram-negative bacteria. The name of the phylum has never been validly published as no type genus has been proposed, thus it must be styled in quotation marks as the name has no standing in nomenclature. They include a wide variety of pathogens, such as Escherichia, Salmonella, Vibrio, Helicobacter, Yersinia, and many other notable genera. Others are free-living (nonparasitic), and include many of the bacteria responsible for nitrogen fixation.

Actinobacteria are a phylum of Gram-positive bacteria. They can be terrestrial or aquatic. They are of great economic importance to humans because agriculture and forests depend on their contributions to soil systems. In soil, they behave much like fungi, helping to decompose the organic matter of dead organisms so the molecules can be taken up anew by plants. In this role the colonies often grow extensive mycelia, like a fungus would, and the name of an important order of the phylum, Actinomycetales (the actinomycetes), reflects that they were long believed to be fungi. Some soil actinobacteria (such as Frankia) live symbiotically with the plants whose roots pervade the soil, fixing nitrogen for the plants in exchange for access to some of the plant's saccharides.

Dysbiosis is a term for a microbial imbalance or maladaptation on or inside the body, such as an impaired microbiota. For example, a part of the human microbiota, such as the skin flora, gut flora, or vaginal flora, can become deranged, with normally dominating species underrepresented and normally outcompeted or contained species increasing to fill the void. Dysbiosis is most commonly reported as a condition in the gastrointestinal tract, particularly during small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) or small intestinal fungal overgrowth (SIFO). It has been reported to be associated with illnesses, such as periodontal disease, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic fatigue syndrome, obesity,cancer, bacterial vaginosis, and colitis. Typical microbial colonies found on or in the body are normally benign or beneficial. These beneficial and appropriately sized microbial colonies carry out a series of helpful and necessary functions, such as aiding in digestion. They also help protect the body from the penetration of pathogenic microbes. These beneficial microbial colonies compete with each other for space and resources and outnumber human cells by a factor 10:1.

Clostridium Difficile (bacteria) also known as C. difficile, C. diff, or sometimes CDF/cdf, a species of Gram-positive spore-forming bacteria.

Clostridia are a highly polyphyletic class of Firmicutes, including Clostridium and other similar genera. They are distinguished from the Bacilli by lacking aerobic respiration. They are obligate anaerobes and oxygen is toxic to them. Species of the genus Clostridium are often but not always Gram-positive (see Halanaerobium hydrogenoformans) and have the ability to form spores. Studies show they are not a monophyletic group, and their relationships are not entirely certain. Currently, most are placed in a single order called Clostridiales, but this is not a natural group and is likely to be redefined in the future.

Archaea constitute a domain and kingdom of single-celled microorganisms. These microbes (archaea; singular archaeon) are prokaryotes, meaning that they have no cell nucleus or any other membrane-bound organelles in their Cells.

Human Microbiome Project was a United States National Institutes of Health (NIH) initiative with the goal of identifying and characterizing the microorganisms which are found in association with both healthy and diseased humans (the human microbiome). Launched in 2008, it was a five-year project, best characterized as a feasibility study, and had a total budget of $115 million. The ultimate goal of this and similar NIH-sponsored microbiome projects was to test how changes in the human microbiome are associated with human health or disease. This topic is currently not well understood.
Human Microbiome is the aggregate of microorganisms that resides on or within any of a number of human tissues and biofluids, including the skin, mammary glands, placenta, seminal fluid, uterus, ovarian follicles, lung, saliva, oral mucosa, conjunctiva, and gastrointestinal tracts. They include bacteria, archaea, protists, fungi and viruses. Though micro-animals also live on the human body, they are typically excluded from this definition. The human microbiome refers specifically to the collective genomes of resident microorganisms.

Human Pathogen is a pathogen (microbe or microorganism such as a virus, bacterium, prion, or fungus) that causes disease in humans.

Microbial Population Biology is the application of the principles of population biology to microorganisms.
Human Food Project
Human Microbiome Project
Human Microbiome Project
Microbe World
Meta Hit
Extreme Microbiome
American Gut
Microbial Pathogenesis

Every person has about 100 trillion Bacterial Cells. They outnumber human cells 10 to 1 and account for 99.9 percent of the unique genes in the body. There is 10 times more bacteria in your body than actual body cells. And 90% of the cells that make us up aren’t human but mostly Fungi and bacteria. Bacteria carry their own microbial DNA.

Rob Knight: Microbes (video)
Jonathan Eisen (video)
Catalyst - 'Gut Reaction' Part 2 (2014) (youtube)

Microbes can Effect your Eating Behavior

Autism symptoms improve after fecal transplant, small study finds Parents report fewer behavioral and gastrointestinal problems; gut microbiome changes.

"You are a family in yourself, a family of cells and molecules, love that family equally, as you should do for all families."

Microbial Cloud
History of Bacteria

Prior Dietary Practices and Connections to a Human Gut Microbial Metacommunity Alter Responses to Diet Interventions
Effects of the gut microbiota on obesity and glucose homeostasis

Dietary Fiber
High Fiber Foods
Hemorrhoids are vascular structures in the anal canal. In their normal state, they are cushions that help with stool control. They become a disease when swollen or inflamed; the unqualified term "hemorrhoid" is often used to mean the disease.
Poop - Bowel Movements
Indigestion is a condition of impaired digestion. Symptoms may include upper abdominal fullness, heartburn, nausea, belching, or upper abdominal pain. People may also experience feeling full earlier than expected when eating.

High-Fiber Diet keeps gut Microbes from Rating the Colon’s Lining, protects against infection, animal study shows. Painstaking experiments in germ-free mice show importance of eating natural fiber to protect the digestive tract’s vital mucus barrier. Dietary Fiber

Feeling Gassy
Belching is the release of gas from the digestive tract (mainly esophagus and stomach) through the mouth.
Halitosis is a symptom in which a noticeably unpleasant odor is present on the exhaled breath. Concern about halitosis is estimated to be the third most frequent reason for people to seek dental care, following tooth decay and gum disease; and about 20% of the general population are reported to suffer from it to some degree.
Hiccup is an involuntary contraction (myoclonic jerk) of the diaphragm that may repeat several times per minute. In medicine, it is known as synchronous diaphragmatic flutter (SDF), or singultus, Latin for the act of catching one's breath while sobbing. The hiccup is an involuntary action involving a reflex arc. Once triggered, the reflex causes a strong contraction of the diaphragm followed about 0.25 second later by closure of the vocal cords, which results in the classic "hic" sound. Hiccups may occur individually, or they may occur in bouts. The rhythm of the hiccup, or the time between hiccups, tends to be relatively constant. A bout of hiccups, in general, resolves itself without intervention, although many home remedies are often used to attempt to shorten the duration. Medical treatment is occasionally necessary in cases of chronic hiccups.

Farting is a word in the English language most commonly used in reference to flatulence. The word fart is often considered unsuitable in formal situations as it may be considered vulgar or offensive. Fart Jokes
Flatulence is defined in the medical literature as "flatus expelled through the anus" or the "quality or state of being flatulent", which is defined in turn as "marked by or affected with gases generated in the intestine or stomach; likely to cause digestive flatulence".

Immune System

Gut Microbiota Regulate Motor Deficits and Neuroinflammation in a Model of Parkinson’s Disease. Inflammation

Prostaglandin are a group of physiologically active lipid compounds having diverse hormone-like effects in animals. Prostaglandins have been found in almost every tissue in humans and other animals. They are derived enzymatically from fatty acids. Every prostaglandin contains 20 carbon atoms, including a 5-carbon ring. They are a subclass of eicosanoids and of the prostanoid class of fatty acid derivatives.
Leaky Gut Syndrome is a hypothetical, medically unrecognized condition.

Size Variations

Immune System

Genetically Modified yeast may help design the perfect beer and bread for your personal digestion needs.
Yeast are single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom. The yeast lineage[which?] originated hundreds of millions of years ago, and 1,500 species are currently identified. Eukaryote is any organism whose cells contain a nucleus and other organelles enclosed within membranes.

Beneficial microorganisms, as we've reported, can help us digest food, make vitamins, and protect us against harmful pathogens. For instance, the bacteria in yogurt have been shown to aid digestion, and making cabbage into sauerkraut by fermenting it "increases glucosinolate compounds believed to fight cancer.

Fermentation Food

Triclosan is an antimicrobial and antifungal agent found in many consumer products ranging from hand soaps to toys and even toothpaste, can rapidly disrupt bacterial communities found in the gut.

Parasitology is the study of parasites, their hosts, and the relationship between them. As a biological discipline, the scope of parasitology is not determined by the organism or environment in question, but by their way of life. This means it forms a synthesis of other disciplines, and draws on techniques from fields such as cell biology, bioinformatics, biochemistry, molecular biology, immunology, genetics, evolution and ecology.
Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine focused on the digestive system and its disorders.
Intestinal Parasite are parasites that can infect the gastro-intestinal tract of humans and other animals.
Anthelmintic are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host.
Mass Deworming is the process of treating large numbers of people, particularly children, for helminthiasis (for example soil-transmitted helminths (STH)) and schistosomiasis infections in areas with a high prevalence of these conditions.
Helminthiasis is any macroparasitic disease of humans and other animals in which a part of the body is infected with parasitic worms, known as helminths.
Helminths Parasitic Worm refer to the intestinal worms infecting humans that are transmitted through contaminated soil ("helminth" means parasitic worm).


Human Gastrointestinal Tract is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces and urine. The mouth, oesophagus, stomach, and intestines are part of the human alimentary canal.
Stomach is a muscular, hollow, dilated part of the gastrointestinal tract that functions as an important organ in the digestive system.
Small Intestine is the part of the gastrointestinal tract between the stomach and the large intestine, and is where most of the end absorption of food takes place.
Large Intestine is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates. Water is absorbed here and the remaining waste material is stored as feces before being removed by defecation.
Human Digestive System consists of the gastrointestinal tract plus the accessory organs of digestion (the tongue, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder). In this system, the process of digestion has many stages, the first of which starts in the mouth. Digestion involves the breakdown of food into smaller and smaller components, until they can be absorbed and assimilated into the body.
Digestive Tract (image)

Absorption od Nutrients. Digested food is now able to pass into the blood vessels in the wall of the intestine through either diffusion or active transport. The small intestine is the site where most of the nutrients from ingested food are absorbed. The inner wall, or mucosa, of the small intestine is lined with simple columnar epithelial tissue. Structurally, the mucosa is covered in wrinkles or folds called plicae circulares, which are considered permanent features in the wall of the organ. They are distinct from rugae which are considered non-permanent or temporary allowing for distention and contraction. From the plicae circulares project microscopic finger-like pieces of tissue called villi (Latin for "shaggy hair"). The individual epithelial cells also have finger-like projections known as microvilli. The functions of the plicae circulares, the villi, and the microvilli are to increase the amount of surface area available for the absorption of nutrients, and to limit the loss of said nutrients to intestinal fauna.
Assimilation (biology) is the combination of two processes to supply cells with nutrients. The first is the process of absorbing vitamins, minerals, and other chemicals from food within the gastrointestinal tract. In humans this is done with a chemical breakdown (enzymes and acids) and physical breakdown (oral mastication and stomach churning). The second process of bioassimilation is the chemical alteration of substances in the bloodstream by the liver or cellular secretions. Although a few similar compounds can be absorbed in digestion bio assimilation, the bioavailability of many compounds is dictated by this second process since both the liver and cellular secretions can be very specific in their metabolic action (see chirality). This second process is where the absorbed food reaches the cells via the liver. Most foods are composed of largely indigestible components depending on the enzymes and effectiveness of an animal's digestive tract. The most well-known of these indigestible compounds is cellulose; the basic chemical polymer in the makeup of plant cell walls. Most animals, however, do not produce cellulase; the enzyme needed to digest cellulose. However some animal species have developed symbiotic relationships with cellulose-producing bacteria (see termites and metamonads.) This allows termites to use the energy-dense cellulose carbohydrate. Other such enzymes are known to significantly improve bio-assimilation of nutrients. Because of the use of bacterial derivatives enzymatic dietary supplements now contain such enzymes as amylase, glucoamylase, protease, invertase, peptidase, lipase, lactase, phytase, and cellulase. These enzymes improve the overall bioassimilation in the digestive tract but are still not proven to increase bloodstream bioavailability. Basically the enzymes and other breakdowns make the bigger substances of food smaller so they can go through the rest of their digestion more easily.
Biosynthesis is a multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed process where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms. In biosynthesis, simple compounds are modified, converted into other compounds, or joined together to form macromolecules. This process often consists of metabolic pathways. Some of these biosynthetic pathways are located within a single cellular organelle, while others involve enzymes that are located within multiple cellular organelles. Examples of these biosynthetic pathways include the production of lipid membrane components and nucleotides. The prerequisite elements for biosynthesis include: precursor compounds, chemical energy (e.g. ATP), and catalytic enzymes which may require coenzymes (e.g.NADH, NADPH). These elements create monomers, the building blocks for macromolecules. Some important biological macromolecules include: proteins, which are composed of amino acid monomers joined via peptide bonds, and DNA molecules, which are composed of nucleotides joined via phosphodiester bonds.

Mesentery is the double fold of peritoneum that attaches the intestines to the wall of the abdomen.
Peritoneum is the serous membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal cavity or coelom in amniotes and some invertebrates, such as annelids. It covers most of the intra-abdominal (or coelomic) organs, and is composed of a layer of mesothelium supported by a thin layer of connective tissue. The peritoneum supports the abdominal organs and serves as a conduit for their blood vessels, lymph vessels, and nerves.

Abdominal Cavity is a large body cavity in humans and many other animals that contains many organs. It is a part of the abdominopelvic cavity. It is located below the thoracic cavity, and above the pelvic cavity. Its dome-shaped roof is the thoracic diaphragm, a thin sheet of muscle under the lungs, and its floor is the pelvic inlet , opening into the pelvis.
Thoracic Diaphragm is a sheet of internal skeletal muscle that extends across the bottom of the thoracic cavity. The diaphragm separates the thoracic cavity, containing the heart and lungs, from the abdominal cavity and performs an important function in respiration: as the diaphragm contracts, the volume of the thoracic cavity increases and air is drawn into the lungs.

Books about Nutrition from Amazon
Ayurveda (amazon)
Vegetarian Cookbook 300 Healthy Recipes (amazon)
5-Factor World Diet (amazon)
Eat, Drink, and Be Healthy (amazon)
American Dietetic Association Complete Nutritional Guide (amazon)
SuperFoods Rx (amazon)
Food Rules (amazon)
More Healthy Home-style Cooking (amazon)
The Food Revolution (amazon)
The China Study (amazon)
The Gerson Therapy (amazon)
What I Eat (amazon)

Health Documentaries


The Thinker Man