Hygiene - Bathing - Staying Clean
is a set of practices performed
for the preservation of health. Promoting Sanitary Practices. Free from Filth and Pathogens. Cleanse
the entire body. Looking Clean.
is a hypothesis that
states that a lack of early childhood exposure to infectious agents,
symbiotic microorganisms (such as the gut flora or probiotics), and
parasites increases susceptibility to allergic diseases by suppressing the
natural development of the immune system
. In particular, the lack of
exposure is thought to lead to defects in the establishment of immune
CDC Hand washing Tips
Washing Hands Tips
Washing Hands Saves Lives
(video with interactive text)
Global Hand Washing
is spread mostly by
that has been
contaminated with human feces
containing the bacteria. Undercooked seafood is a common
source. Humans are the only animal affected. Risk factors for the disease
not enough clean drinking water, and
. Cholera can be diagnosed
. A rapid dipstick test is available but is not as
accurate. The classic symptom is large amounts of watery diarrhea that
lasts a few days. Vomiting and muscle cramps may also occur.
should I Pee and Poo
a alcohol-based type hand
washing gel. WHO:
How to Hand Rub with alcohol-based formulation
Zylast Hands Sanitizer
Nano Touch Materials
, which is the quality of an appendage or organ that has
adapted for grasping or holding. A multi-fingered
organ located at the end of the
is the first
finger and the second digit of a human hand. (pointer finger)
is the third
digit of the human hand, located between the index finger and the ring
finger. It is usually the longest finger.
is the fourth
proximal digit of the human hand, and the second most ulnar finger,
located between the middle finger and the little finger.
or pinky, is
the most ulnar and usually smallest finger of the human hand, opposite the
thumb, and next to the ring finger.
is the first digit of the hand.
When a person is standing in the medical anatomical position (where the
palm is facing to the front), the thumb is the outermost digit.
is an anatomical
structure found in many vertebrates. It is the terminal portion of a limb
which bears weight and allows locomotion. In many animals with feet, the
foot is a separate organ at the terminal part of the leg made up of one or
more segments or bones, generally including claws or nails. The human foot
is a strong and complex mechanical structure containing 26 bones, 33
joints (20 of which are actively articulated), and more than a hundred
muscles, tendons, and ligaments. The joints of the foot are the ankle and
subtalar joint and the interphalangeal articulations of the foot.
known as nonfilarial elephantiasis, is a disease of the lymph vessels of
the lower extremities that is caused by chronic exposure to irritant
soils. It is the second most common cause of tropical lymphedema after
filariasis, and it is characterized by prominent swelling of the lower
extremities, which leads to disfigurement and disability. Prior to the
development of lymphatic failure and frank lymphedema, a prodrome
consisting of itching, burning, hyperkeratosis, plantar edema, and rigid
digits may occur. As with other forms of tropical lymphedema, chronic
disease can lead to fusion of the toes, ulceration, and bacterial
superinfection. The disease has an acute component, and sufferers may
experience recurrent episodes of lower extremity warmth, firmness, and
pain. The cornerstone of prevention and treatment of podoconiosis is
avoidance of exposure to irritant soils. Wearing shoes in the presence of
irritant soils is the primary method of exposure reduction. In Rwanda,
a country of high disease prevalence, the government has banned walking
barefoot in public, in order to curtail podoconiosis and other soil-borne
diseases. Once the disease has developed, rigorous foot hygiene including
daily washing with soap and water, application of an emollient, and
nightly elevation of the affected extremity has been shown to reduce
swelling and disability. Compression wrapping and decongestive
physiotherapy of the affected extremity has been shown to be effective in
other forms of lymphedema, but the benefits of these therapies have not
been rigorously studied in podoconiosis. Nodules will not resolve with
these conservative measures, although surgical removal of the nodules can
Take off your shoes when in your home
Shoes can carry 421,000 different types of
is a horn-like envelope
covering the tips of the fingers and toes in humans. Nails are similar to
claws in other animals. Fingernails and toenails are made of a tough
which is a
fibrous structural proteins
that protects epithelial cells from damage
or stress. It is the key structural material making up the outer layer of
Nails can Reveal your Health
Unhealthy Nails and Disease
is a fungal infection of the nail.
YMCA Feet Photo
Brush 2 Times a Day
that grows from
found in the
or skin. Hair is one of the defining characteristics of mammals. The human
body, apart from areas of glabrous skin, is covered in follicles which
produce thick terminal and fine vellus hair. Most common interest in hair
is focused on hair growth, hair types and hair care, but hair is also an
important biomaterial primarily composed of protein, notably keratin.
Human Hair Growth
Aging Changes Hair & Nails
Cleaning Hair with Just Water
Clean Your Ears
to clean your Ears
is the organ of hearing and balance.
is the removal of hair, by using a razor or any other kind of bladed
implement, to slice it down—to the level of the skin or otherwise. Shaving
is most commonly practiced by men to remove their facial hair and by women
to remove their leg and underarm hair. A man is called clean-shaven if he
has had his beard entirely removed.
Dollar Shave Club
is the study and
person skilled in giving beauty treatments (manicures and facials etc.).
Clean the Body from the insides
How often you should bathe depends on many different factors
is the washing of the body with a fluid, usually
or an aqueous solution, or the
immersion of the body in water.
is the art of cleaning, grooming, and maintaining parts of
Experts tend to agree that most people should avoid showering
and in fact, if they reduce the frequency it can
be an incredibly healthy decision for their skin. The exceptions
to this rule are people who commute in the subway or other
crowded spaces, go to the gym daily or are in contact with
potentially sick people (such as those coughing, sneezing or
sniffling during the flu season).
In most cases you only need to shower twice out of each three
days and some people can do so just every other day. When you
avoid showering daily, your skin is better able to maintain its
balance, making it radiant and healthy. The important thing is
to remember to use a wash cloth on any specific areas that need
daily attention for hygienic or smell-related reasons.
your hair no more than two times a week
should help maintain the
natural oil production, while achieving moisture balance. And if
you have coarse or curly hair, try once every seven days. If you
feel the need to wash your hair every day because you use public places that are filled with bacteria (like the
subway or buses), or have a job that is physically demanding, or
exercise regularly, don't worry. Try to use
protein conditioning treatment
is a cover worn on top of the head while showering or bathing to protect
hair from becoming wet.
Don't forget to clean
your feet. Shampoo your hair no more than two times a week. Apply
hair conditioner on your roots first. A long shower can actually remove
much-needed moisture from the skin, especially a hot shower. This can leave your skin feeling dry
and itchy. A shower should be 5 to 10 minutes long. A burst of
at the end of your shower can be quite good for you. helps increased
tolerance to stress, can boost your immune system, increased fat
burning, and has anti-depressant effects. Use a fluffy towel to
, not scrub or rub, your body. Moisturize your skin while it is
Elta md hydrating moisturizing facial and uv sunscreen with transparent
. (amazon)Mindfulness Showering
When taking a shower you should use that moment to notice your senses,
feel the temperature of the water, intimately experiencing the soap
against your skin and the sensual experience of a showering. Smell the
aromas of the soap, listen to the running water or the feeling of rubbing
shampoo into your scalp. Think of your showering as a metaphor for washing
away stale irrelevant thoughts, feelings
memories. Negative ions
produced by running
water can also cleanse the aura
is the soft outer covering of
vertebrates. An organ of the
made up of multiple
layers of ectodermal tissue, and guards the underlying
ligaments and internal organs.
is the organ system that protects the body from various kinds
of damage, such as loss of water
or abrasion from outside. The system
comprises the skin and its appendages (including hair, scales, feathers,
hooves, and nails).
is the outer two layers that
make up the skin (or cutis), the inner layer being the dermis. It provides
a barrier to infection from environmental pathogens and regulates the
amount of water released from the body into the atmosphere through
transepidermal water loss
The outermost part of the epidermis is composed of a stratified layer of
flattened cells, that overly a basal layer (stratum basale) composed of
columnar cells arranged perpendicularly.
is the branch of medicine
dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases.
Academy of Dermatology
is a form of cell injury which
results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by
, which refers to the destruction of a cell through the
action of its own
which are catalysts that increase the rate of a reaction by lowering its
. Most enzymes are
is a short-term immune reaction
occurring in the skin
of humans that have been infected by water-borne schistosomatidae.
Symptoms, which include itchy, raised papules, commonly occur within hours
of infection and do not generally last more than a week. It is common in
freshwater, brackish and marine habitats worldwide. Incidence may be on
the rise, although this may also be attributed to better monitoring. There
are no permanent effects to people from this condition. Orally
administered hydroxyzine, an antihistamine, is sometimes prescribed to
treat swimmer's itch and similar dermal allergic reactions. In addition,
bathing in oatmeal, baking soda, or Epsom salts can also provide relief of
Bathing in a Clean River can Boost Immunity and Mood
is a family of digenetic trematodes with complex
parasitic life cycles. Immature developmental stages of schistosomes are
found in molluscs and adults occur in vertebrates. The best studied group,
the blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma, infect and cause disease in
humans. Other genera which are infective to non-human vertebrates can
cause mild rashes in humans. Schistosomatids are dioecious (individuals
are of separate sexes) which is exceptional with regards to their phylum,
Platyhelminthes, in which most species are hermaphrodidic (individuals
possess both male and female reproductive systems).
states that some diseases
are caused by
involves the removal of the oldest dead skin
cells on the skin's outermost surface. Exfoliation is involved in the
process of all facials, during
. Exfoliation can be achieved through mechanical or
chemical means. You should exfoliate two to three times a week for normal
and combination skin, and once a week for sensitive skin.
is a family of skin care treatments for the face, including steam,
exfoliation, extraction, creams, lotions, facial masks, peels, and
. They are
normally performed in beauty salons, but are also a common spa treatment.
They are used for general skin health as well as for specific skin
conditions. Types of facials include European facial, LED light therapy
facials, and mini-facials.
are artificial or
synthetically-created substances that have the built-in ability to
automatically repair damage to themselves without any external diagnosis
of the problem or human intervention.
or Skin Cancer
Why is skin thick on the soles of the feet
is a toughened area of skin which has become relatively thick and hard in
response to repeated friction, pressure, or other irritation.
is a small pocket of lymph within the upper layers of the skin, typically
caused by forceful rubbing (friction), burning, freezing, chemical
exposure or infection. Most blisters are filled with a clear fluid, either
serum or plasma. However, blisters can be filled with blood (known as
blood blisters) or with pus (if they become infected).
Why Should You Not Shower Too Often?
Make the Skin Softer
Your skin receives its hydration from two main sources. It
attracts moisture that is in the air and it also gets hydration
from the beneficial oils and water found within your body. It is
important to keep in mind that when the air outside gets dryer,
your skin will as well as there is less moisture for it to
attract. Some people decide to use a lot of moisturizer to solve
the problem but a better option can be showering less often.
That is because when you use
(which most people do,
especially in cooler months), it will soften your skin’s oils,
making it easier for them to wash away and therefore dry out
your skin. This means that ideally you should shower less
frequently and opt for a nontoxic soap in the locations you need
it. If you do this, your skin should be able to find a happy
healthy balance by itself. If you feel you need more, opt for
pure shea butter creams or organic raw oils such as olive,
jojoba and coconut. Hot water is bad for two reasons: First it
removes too much of your natural oils, second, hot water brings
blood circulation to your skin which is why your skin turns red
like a lobster. With the circulation comes inflammatory building
blocks to create more itch and even a rash. Water temperature
should be tepid, meaning skin temperature or just a little
warmer—especially if you have fragile skin that’s prone to
dryness. You shouldn’t shower for more than 5 to 10 minutes, and
only on the oily and odor-causing parts of
your skin such as your face, armpits, buttocks, groin, and feet.
Try not to soap your arms or legs.
are microscopic exocrine glands in the skin that secrete an oily or waxy
matter, called sebum, to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair of
mammals. In humans, they occur in the greatest number on the face and
scalp, but also on all parts of the skin except the palms of the hands and
soles of the feet. The type of secretion of the sebaceous glands is
referred to as holocrine.
Give Off the Natural Scent
When talking about giving off your natural scent, it is
important to clarify that this should only be obvious when
someone gets close to you; if they can smell you from far away
you should consider switching deodorants. Experts have linked
smell with sexual attraction as well as selecting a mate both on
the physiological and psychological level. This means that by
showering less, you may actually do better at attracting a
Mineral Salt Deodorant
Preserve Helpful Bacteria
Most people realize that our stomachs need good bacteria to
function but not everyone realizes that this is true of the skin
cells as well. The New York Times had an article in which Dr.
Richard Gallo who is the dermatology chief at the University of
California pointed out that good bacteria in the skin cell help
these cells learn how to produce their own antibiotics that can
help protect us from bad bacteria. Body lotion and most soaps
don’t provide this benefit; only showering less frequently does.
biome-friendly products helps rebalance the skin and reduce its
dependence on conventional products.
Protect from Harmful Chemicals
You may be surprised to learn that having oils and dead skin
cells on your skin is actually beneficial. These elements
provide a kind of protection from harmful bacteria. They also
make it more difficult for certain chemicals to penetrate the
skin. This is crucial as these chemicals can damage the skin and
in some cases other parts of the body as well. When you shower,
you remove these oils and dead skin cells from your skin and in
the process make it easier for chemicals to get in. this is even
worse if you are using harsh soaps or body washes that contain
chemicals. Because of this, experts suggest always selecting a
nontoxic soap with a minimal number of ingredients and only
using it when necessary and in the locations that truly need it.
Reduce Skin Irritations
Skin irritations are fairly common and people who deal with
these issues such as rashes, general irritation or even
something specific such as rosacea and eczema know that taking
hot showers makes the problem worse. In fact, their
to behave better when they take fewer hot showers
Some people with psoriasis, eczema or other similar conditions will
actually be allergic to the sensitizers found in shampoos and soaps. If
you remove these toxic products from your routine, you are likely to
notice a significant decrease in rashes and irritations. Some people will
even see their problems completely disappear.
Proper moisturizing protocol:
Try not to wait longer than 3 minutes after leaving the
shower to moisturize your skin. After stepping from the shower,
gently pat excess water from your skin, leaving some droplets
behind. Then apply a liberal amount of a
(a natural oil found in skin). When skin gets
dry and cracks, it lets in bacteria and allergens.
Take more cold and cool showers then
hot and warm
showers. If you do
take a occasional hot shower, the last
couple of minutes of your shower should be cold water. Ending
your shower with cold water
will help lock in moisture, increase
circulation, and benefit your skin and hair. Cold temperature
Transepidermal Water Loss
, contributing to better skin
. Cold temperature also reduces your skin’s sensitivity
to irritants. A chilled end to your shower may “cause
superficial blood vessels to constrict, which can be beneficial
to those who are prone to facial flushing or rosacea. Due to
decreased facial redness, the skin tone/complexion may appear
improved. Cold showers also speed up sore muscle recovery. Cold
temperature also redirects blood flow to deep blood vessels,
improving blood flow to the heart. This improved blood return
may help the body’s metabolism and processing of waste products.
Cold water also increases your heart rate, so it wakes you up.
Cold water can also improve your mood. Cold water could also
increase your stores of brown fat (the “good” fat that burns
calories/energy in order to produce heat) Cold water should not
be so cold that it causes discomfort.
Cold Shower for Health
is the production of fluids secreted by the
sweat glands in the skin. Two types of sweat glands can be found in
humans: eccrine glands and apocrine glands.
that produce and secrete substances onto an
surface by way of a
Echini Sweat Glands
are the major sweat glands distributed over much
of the body, found in virtually all skin, with the highest density in
palms and soles, then on the head, but much less on the trunk and the
Apocrine Sweat Gland
is a type of merocrine sweat gland composed of a
coiled secretory portion located at the junction of the dermis and
subcutaneous fat, from which a straight portion inserts and secretes into
the infundibular portion of the hair follicle. In humans, apocrine sweat
glands are found only in certain locations of the body: the axillae
(armpits), areola and nipples of the breast, ear canal, eyelids, wings of
the nostril, perianal region, and some parts of the external genitalia.
Modified apocrine glands include the ciliary glands in the eyelids; the
ceruminous glands, which produce ear wax; and the mammary glands, which
produce milk. The rest of the body is covered by eccrine sweat glands.
are small tubular structures of the skin that produce sweat.
index that combines air temperature and relative
, in shaded areas, as an
attempt to determine the human-perceived equivalent temperature, as how
hot it would feel if the humidity were some other value in the shade.
Sometimes feeling like it's 30 degrees hotter then the actual temperature.
The result is also known as the "felt air temperature" or "apparent
temperature". For example, when the temperature is 32 °C (90 °F) with 70%
relative humidity, the heat index is 41 °C (106 °F). This heat index
temperature has an implied (unstated) humidity of 20%. This is the value
of relative humidity for which the heat index formula indicates 41 °C
feels like 41 °C. A heat index temperature of 32 °C has an implied
relative humidity of 38%. The human body normally
cools itself by perspiration
, or sweating.
is removed from the body by
sweat. However, high relative humidity reduces the
. This results in a lower rate of heat removal from
the body, hence the sensation of being overheated. This effect is
subjective, with different individuals
perceiving heat differently
for various reasons (such as obesity,
metabolic differences, pregnancy, menopause, effects of drugs and/or drug
withdrawal); its measurement has been based on subjective descriptions of
how hot subjects feel for a given
humidity. This results in a heat index that relates one combination of
temperature and humidity to another. Because the humidity index is based
on temperatures in the shade, while people often move across sunny areas,
then the heat index can give a much lower temperature than actual
conditions of typical outdoor activities. Also, for people exercising or
active, at the time, then the heat index could give a temperature lower
than the felt conditions. For example, with a temperature in the shade of
only 82 °F (28 °C) at 60% relative humidity, then the heat index would
seem 84 °F (29 °C), but movement across sunny areas of 102 °F (39 °C),
would give a heat index of over 137 °F (58 °C), as more indicative of the
oppressive and sweltering heat. Plus when actively working, or not wearing
a hat in sunny areas, then the feels-like conditions would seem even
hotter. Hence, the heat index could seem unrealistically low, unless
resting inactive (idle) in heavily shaded areas. Heat Index is a measure
of how hot it really feels when relative humidity is factored in with the
actual air temperature. A quantity expressing the discomfort felt as a
result of the combined effects of the temperature and humidity of the air.
Bodies lose heat in water very fast due to the big
compounds or chlorine atoms, often attached to sodium
ones to form salt – are important for maintaining the body’s
internal pH balance
, regulating the movement of fluids in and
out of cells, and transmitting impulses across nerve fibres.
Also mixed in with sweat is urea, ammonia, proteins, sugars,
potassium and bicarbonate. Not to mention trace metals like
zinc, copper, iron, nickel, cadmium, lead, and even a tiny bit
of manganese. For some of those metals, sweat is an important
mechanism for excreting them from inside of the body. Sweat
exits the body through one of two types of glands.
are found in the armpits and nostrils and on
the nipples, ears and parts of the genitalia
, millions of which are distributed over most
of the rest of the human body When the body and skin get too
warm, thermoreceptors send a message indicating as much to the
brain. There, the hypothalamus – a small cluster of cells that
controls our hunger, thirst, sleep, and body temperature – sends
a message to the apocrine and eccrine glands, which begin
pumping out sweat.
Perspiration left behind on your skin can
to grow, so you
may need a shower
after strenuous exercise or work.Don't Sweat the
Diet quality and the attractiveness of male body odor
. Greater fruit
and vegetable intake, was significantly associated with more
(with more floral, fruity, sweet and medicinal qualities),and greater
carbohydrate intake with stronger smelling less pleasant sweat.
effect of meat consumption on body odor attractiveness
preferred the odor
men who ate a non-meat diet. Fresh odor samples were assessed for their
pleasantness, attractiveness, masculinity, and intensity by 30 women not
using hormonal contraceptives.