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Hygiene - Bathing - Staying Clean

Hygiene is a set of practices performed for the preservation of health and the prevention of illness. Promoting Sanitary Practices. Free from Filth and Pathogens. Cleanse the entire body. Looking Clean. Personal Hygiene

Personal Grooming (bathing) - Skin Care

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Hygiene Hypothesis is a hypothesis that states that a lack of early childhood exposure to infectious agents, symbiotic microorganisms (such as the gut flora or probiotics), and parasites increases susceptibility to allergic diseases by suppressing the natural development of the immune system. In particular, the lack of exposure is thought to lead to defects in the establishment of immune tolerance.

Hand Washing

Hand Washing Techniques Hand Washing (cdc)
Hand Hygiene (cdc)
CDC Hand washing Tips
Washing Hands Tips
Washing Hands Saves Lives (video with interactive text)
Global Hand Washing
Wash Advocates
Lifebuoy Soap

Hospital Infections
Colds - Flu

Cholera is spread mostly by unsafe water and unsafe food that has been contaminated with human feces containing the bacteria. Undercooked seafood is a common source. Humans are the only animal affected. Risk factors for the disease include poor sanitation, not enough clean drinking water, and poverty. Cholera can be diagnosed by a stool test.  A rapid dipstick test is available but is not as accurate. The classic symptom is large amounts of watery diarrhea that lasts a few days. Vomiting and muscle cramps may also occur.

How often should I Pee and Poo

Hand Sanitizer a alcohol-based type hand washing gel.
WHO: How to Hand Rub with alcohol-based formulation (youtube)
Zylast Hands Sanitizer
Nano Touch Materials

Hands Back and front Hand is a prehensile, which is the quality of an appendage or organ that has adapted for grasping or holding. A multi-fingered organ located at the end of the forearm or forelimb.
Index Finger is the first finger and the second digit of a human hand. (pointer finger)
Middle Finger is the third digit of the human hand, located between the index finger and the ring finger. It is usually the longest finger.
Ring Finger is the fourth proximal digit of the human hand, and the second most ulnar finger, located between the middle finger and the little finger.
Little Finger or pinky, is the most ulnar and usually smallest finger of the human hand, opposite the thumb, and next to the ring finger.
Thumb is the first digit of the hand. When a person is standing in the medical anatomical position (where the palm is facing to the front), the thumb is the outermost digit.

Feet Foot is an anatomical structure found in many vertebrates. It is the terminal portion of a limb which bears weight and allows locomotion. In many animals with feet, the foot is a separate organ at the terminal part of the leg made up of one or more segments or bones, generally including claws or nails. The human foot is a strong and complex mechanical structure containing 26 bones, 33 joints (20 of which are actively articulated), and more than a hundred muscles, tendons, and ligaments. The joints of the foot are the ankle and subtalar joint and the interphalangeal articulations of the foot.

Podoconiosis also known as nonfilarial elephantiasis, is a disease of the lymph vessels of the lower extremities that is caused by chronic exposure to irritant soils. It is the second most common cause of tropical lymphedema after filariasis, and it is characterized by prominent swelling of the lower extremities, which leads to disfigurement and disability. Prior to the development of lymphatic failure and frank lymphedema, a prodrome consisting of itching, burning, hyperkeratosis, plantar edema, and rigid digits may occur. As with other forms of tropical lymphedema, chronic disease can lead to fusion of the toes, ulceration, and bacterial superinfection. The disease has an acute component, and sufferers may experience recurrent episodes of lower extremity warmth, firmness, and pain. The cornerstone of prevention and treatment of podoconiosis is avoidance of exposure to irritant soils. Wearing shoes in the presence of irritant soils is the primary method of exposure reduction. In Rwanda, a country of high disease prevalence, the government has banned walking barefoot in public, in order to curtail podoconiosis and other soil-borne diseases. Once the disease has developed, rigorous foot hygiene including daily washing with soap and water, application of an emollient, and nightly elevation of the affected extremity has been shown to reduce swelling and disability. Compression wrapping and decongestive physiotherapy of the affected extremity has been shown to be effective in other forms of lymphedema, but the benefits of these therapies have not been rigorously studied in podoconiosis. Nodules will not resolve with these conservative measures, although surgical removal of the nodules can be performed.

Foot Bones

Tie your Shoes laces

Take off your shoes when in your home. Shoes can carry 421,000 different types of Bacteria.


Nail is a horn-like envelope covering the tips of the fingers and toes in humans. Nails are similar to claws in other animals. Fingernails and toenails are made of a tough protective protein called keratin which is a fibrous structural proteins that protects epithelial cells from damage or stress. It is the key structural material making up the outer layer of human skin.

Nails can Reveal your Health
Unhealthy Nails and Disease
Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the nail.
YMCA Feet Photo (nail fungus)


Brush 2 Times a Day


Hair Types Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis, or skin. Hair is one of the defining characteristics of mammals. The human body, apart from areas of glabrous skin, is covered in follicles which produce thick terminal and fine vellus hair. Most common interest in hair is focused on hair growth, hair types and hair care, but hair is also an important biomaterial primarily composed of protein, notably keratin.

Human Hair Growth (wiki)
Aging Changes Hair & Nails
Grey Hair
Cleaning Hair with Just Water

Eyes (seeing is not believing)


Clean Your Ears (wikihow)
How to clean your Ears
Ear is the organ of hearing and balance.

Shaving is the removal of hair, by using a razor or any other kind of bladed implement, to slice it down—to the level of the skin or otherwise. Shaving is most commonly practiced by men to remove their facial hair and by women to remove their leg and underarm hair. A man is called clean-shaven if he has had his beard entirely removed.

Shave (wikihow) - Dollar Shave Club

Cosmetology is the study and application of beauty treatment.

is a person skilled in giving beauty treatments (manicures and facials etc.).

Make up - Natural Products


Clean the Body from the insides


How often you should bathe depends on many different factors

Hygiene for Kids Bathing is the washing of the body with a fluid, usually water or an aqueous solution, or the immersion of the body in water.

Personal Grooming is the art of cleaning, grooming, and maintaining parts of the body.

Experts tend to agree that most people should avoid showering too frequently and in fact, if they reduce the frequency it can be an incredibly healthy decision for their skin. The exceptions to this rule are people who commute in the subway or other crowded spaces, go to the gym daily or are in contact with potentially sick people (such as those coughing, sneezing or sniffling during the flu season). In most cases you only need to shower twice out of each three days and some people can do so just every other day. When you avoid showering daily, your skin is better able to maintain its balance, making it radiant and healthy. The important thing is to remember to use a wash cloth on any specific areas that need daily attention for hygienic or smell-related reasons. Washing your hair no more than two times a week should help maintain the natural oil production, while achieving moisture balance. And if you have coarse or curly hair, try once every seven days. If you feel the need to wash your hair every day because you use public places that are filled with bacteria (like the subway or buses), or have a job that is physically demanding, or exercise regularly, don't worry. Try to use sulfate-free shampoos and protein conditioning treatment

Shower Cap is a cover worn on top of the head while showering or bathing to protect hair from becoming wet.

Bathing Tips
Don't forget to clean your feet. Shampoo your hair no more than two times a week. Apply hair conditioner on your roots first. A long shower can actually remove much-needed moisture from the skin, especially a hot shower. This can leave your skin feeling dry and itchy. A shower should be 5 to 10 minutes long. A burst of cold water at the end of your shower can be quite good for you. helps increased tolerance to stress, can boost your immune system, increased fat burning, and has anti-depressant effects. Use a fluffy towel to lightly pat, not scrub or rub, your body. Moisturize your skin while it is still damp.
Elta md hydrating moisturizing facial and uv sunscreen with transparent zinc oxide. (amazon)

Mindfulness Showering
When taking a shower you should use that moment to notice your senses, feel the temperature of the water, intimately experiencing the soap against your skin and the sensual experience of a showering. Smell the aromas of the soap, listen to the running water or the feeling of rubbing shampoo into your scalp. Think of your showering as a metaphor for washing away stale irrelevant thoughts, feelings and bad memories. Negative ions produced by running water can also cleanse the aura.


Skin is the soft outer covering of vertebrates. An organ of the integumentary system made up of multiple layers of ectodermal tissue, and guards the underlying muscles, bones, ligaments and internal organs. Skin Color

Integumentary System is the organ system that protects the body from various kinds of damage, such as loss of water or abrasion from outside. The system comprises the skin and its appendages (including hair, scales, feathers, hooves, and nails).

Epidermis is the outer two layers that make up the skin (or cutis), the inner layer being the dermis. It provides a barrier to infection from environmental pathogens and regulates the amount of water released from the body into the atmosphere through transepidermal water loss (TEWL). The outermost part of the epidermis is composed of a stratified layer of flattened cells, that overly a basal layer (stratum basale) composed of columnar cells arranged perpendicularly.

Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases. Academy of Dermatology

Holistic Dermatology

Balance Me Beautiful Skin Care Tips - Healthy and Balanced Lifestyle Advice.

Necrosis is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis, which refers to the destruction of a cell through the action of its own enzymes, which are catalysts that increase the rate of a reaction by lowering its activation energy. Most enzymes are proteins.

Swimmer's Itch is a short-term immune reaction occurring in the skin of humans that have been infected by water-borne schistosomatidae. Symptoms, which include itchy, raised papules, commonly occur within hours of infection and do not generally last more than a week. It is common in freshwater, brackish and marine habitats worldwide. Incidence may be on the rise, although this may also be attributed to better monitoring. There are no permanent effects to people from this condition. Orally administered hydroxyzine, an antihistamine, is sometimes prescribed to treat swimmer's itch and similar dermal allergic reactions. In addition, bathing in oatmeal, baking soda, or Epsom salts can also provide relief of symptoms.

Bathing in a Clean River can Boost Immunity and Mood

Schistosomatidae is a family of digenetic trematodes with complex parasitic life cycles. Immature developmental stages of schistosomes are found in molluscs and adults occur in vertebrates. The best studied group, the blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma, infect and cause disease in humans. Other genera which are infective to non-human vertebrates can cause mild rashes in humans. Schistosomatids are dioecious (individuals are of separate sexes) which is exceptional with regards to their phylum, Platyhelminthes, in which most species are hermaphrodidic (individuals possess both male and female reproductive systems). Cercarial Dermatitis.

Germ Theory of Disease states that some diseases are caused by microorganisms.

Exfoliation (cosmetology) involves the removal of the oldest dead skin cells on the skin's outermost surface. Exfoliation is involved in the process of all facials, during microdermabrasion or chemical peels. Exfoliation can be achieved through mechanical or chemical means. You should exfoliate two to three times a week for normal and combination skin, and once a week for sensitive skin.

Facial is a family of skin care treatments for the face, including steam, exfoliation, extraction, creams, lotions, facial masks, peels, and massage. They are normally performed in beauty salons, but are also a common spa treatment. They are used for general skin health as well as for specific skin conditions. Types of facials include European facial, LED light therapy facials, and mini-facials.

Self-Healing Material are artificial or synthetically-created substances that have the built-in ability to automatically repair damage to themselves without any external diagnosis of the problem or human intervention.

Wart, Mole or Skin Cancer

Why is skin thick on the soles of the feet?

Callus is a toughened area of skin which has become relatively thick and hard in response to repeated friction, pressure, or other irritation.

Blister is a small pocket of lymph within the upper layers of the skin, typically caused by forceful rubbing (friction), burning, freezing, chemical exposure or infection. Most blisters are filled with a clear fluid, either serum or plasma. However, blisters can be filled with blood (known as blood blisters) or with pus (if they become infected).

Body Knowledge

Don't Shower too Much

1. Make the Skin Softer
Your skin receives its hydration from two main sources. It attracts moisture that is in the air and it also gets hydration from the beneficial oils and water found within your body. It is important to keep in mind that when the air outside gets dryer, your skin will as well as there is less moisture for it to attract. Some people decide to use a lot of moisturizer to solve the problem but a better option can be showering less often. That is because when you use hot water (which most people do, especially in cooler months), it will soften your skin’s oils, making it easier for them to wash away and therefore dry out your skin. This means that ideally you should shower less frequently and opt for a nontoxic soap in the locations you need it. If you do this, your skin should be able to find a happy healthy balance by itself. If you feel you need more, opt for pure shea butter creams or organic raw oils such as olive, jojoba and coconut. Hot water is bad for two reasons: First it removes too much of your natural oils, second, hot water brings blood circulation to your skin which is why your skin turns red like a lobster. With the circulation comes inflammatory building blocks to create more itch and even a rash. Water temperature should be tepid, meaning skin temperature or just a little warmer—especially if you have fragile skin that’s prone to dryness. You shouldn’t shower for more than 5 to 10 minutes, and use a non-drying soap only on the oily and odor-causing parts of your skin such as your face, armpits, buttocks, groin, and feet. Try not to soap your arms or legs. Sebaceous Gland are microscopic exocrine glands in the skin that secrete an oily or waxy matter, called sebum, to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair of mammals. In humans, they occur in the greatest number on the face and scalp, but also on all parts of the skin except the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. The type of secretion of the sebaceous glands is referred to as holocrine.

2. Give Off the Natural Scent
When talking about giving off your natural scent, it is important to clarify that this should only be obvious when someone gets close to you; if they can smell you from far away you should consider switching deodorants. Experts have linked smell with sexual attraction as well as selecting a mate both on the physiological and psychological level. This means that by showering less, you may actually do better at attracting a partner.
Natural Mineral Salt Deodorant

3. Preserve Helpful Bacteria
Most people realize that our stomachs need good bacteria to function but not everyone realizes that this is true of the skin cells as well. The New York Times had an article in which Dr. Richard Gallo who is the dermatology chief at the University of California pointed out that good bacteria in the skin cell help these cells learn how to produce their own antibiotics that can help protect us from bad bacteria. Body lotion and most soaps don’t provide this benefit; only showering less frequently does.

Mother Dirt biome-friendly products helps rebalance the skin and reduce its dependence on conventional products.
Nitric Oxide

4. Protect from Harmful Chemicals
You may be surprised to learn that having oils and dead skin cells on your skin is actually beneficial. These elements provide a kind of protection from harmful bacteria. They also make it more difficult for certain chemicals to penetrate the skin. This is crucial as these chemicals can damage the skin and in some cases other parts of the body as well. When you shower, you remove these oils and dead skin cells from your skin and in the process make it easier for chemicals to get in. this is even worse if you are using harsh soaps or body washes that contain chemicals. Because of this, experts suggest always selecting a nontoxic soap with a minimal number of ingredients and only using it when necessary and in the locations that truly need it.

5. Reduce Skin Irritations
Skin irritations are fairly common and people who deal with these issues such as rashes, general irritation or even something specific such as rosacea and eczema know that taking hot showers makes the problem worse. In fact, their Skin tends to behave better when they take fewer hot showers. Some people with psoriasis, eczema or other similar conditions will actually be allergic to the sensitizers found in shampoos and soaps. If you remove these toxic products from your routine, you are likely to notice a significant decrease in rashes and irritations. Some people will even see their problems completely disappear.

Proper moisturizing protocol:
Try not to wait longer than 3 minutes after leaving the shower to moisturize your skin. After stepping from the shower, gently pat excess water from your skin, leaving some droplets behind. Then apply a liberal amount of a moisturizer that contains ceramide (a natural oil found in skin). When skin gets dry and cracks, it lets in bacteria and allergens.

Cold Shower
Take more cold and cool showers then hot and warm showers. If you do take a occasional hot shower, the last couple of minutes of your shower should be cold water. Ending your shower with cold water will help lock in moisture, increase circulation, and benefit your skin and hair. Cold temperature decreases Transepidermal Water Loss, contributing to better skin hydration. Cold temperature also reduces your skin’s sensitivity to irritants. A chilled end to your shower may “cause superficial blood vessels to constrict, which can be beneficial to those who are prone to facial flushing or rosacea. Due to decreased facial redness, the skin tone/complexion may appear improved. Cold showers also speed up sore muscle recovery. Cold temperature also redirects blood flow to deep blood vessels, improving blood flow to the heart. This improved blood return may help the body’s metabolism and processing of waste products. Lymphatic System. Cold water also increases your heart rate, so it wakes you up. Cold water can also improve your mood. Cold water could also increase your stores of brown fat (the “good” fat that burns calories/energy in order to produce heat) Cold water should not be so cold that it causes discomfort.

Take short showers if you shower more than once a day. Don't stand under water for minutes at a time. Hot water strips away natural oils and damages the skin faster, so stick to a lukewarm or cooler shower.

Hair is made of dead skin cells and doesn't need as much washing as the rest of our skin. Wash your scalp at least weekly and
wash your face, chest and back after conditioning the hair.

You want to soften the hair before shaving, but not too much. Shaving should happen at the end of a short shower so the hairs are damp but not too swollen from too much heat and steam, which causes hair swelling that later leads to Ingrown Hair  when the shaved hairs dry and shrink below the skin surface. Pat your skin with a towel instead of rubbing vigorously. Apply moisturizer right away, within two to three minutes of showering.

Cold Shower for Health

Water Therapy

Messaging the Skin


Perspiration is the production of fluids secreted by the sweat glands in the skin. Two types of sweat glands can be found in humans: eccrine glands and apocrine glands. Exocrine Gland are glands that produce and secrete substances onto an epithelial surface by way of a duct.

Echini Sweat Glands are the major sweat glands distributed over much of the body, found in virtually all skin, with the highest density in palms and soles, then on the head, but much less on the trunk and the extremities.

Apocrine Sweat Gland is a type of merocrine sweat gland composed of a coiled secretory portion located at the junction of the dermis and subcutaneous fat, from which a straight portion inserts and secretes into the infundibular portion of the hair follicle. In humans, apocrine sweat glands are found only in certain locations of the body: the axillae (armpits), areola and nipples of the breast, ear canal, eyelids, wings of the nostril, perianal region, and some parts of the external genitalia. Modified apocrine glands include the ciliary glands in the eyelids; the ceruminous glands, which produce ear wax; and the mammary glands, which produce milk. The rest of the body is covered by eccrine sweat glands. Sweat Glands are small tubular structures of the skin that produce sweat.

Heat Index is an index that combines air temperature and relative Humidity, in shaded areas, as an attempt to determine the human-perceived equivalent temperature, as how hot it would feel if the humidity were some other value in the shade. Sometimes feeling like it's 30 degrees hotter then the actual temperature. The result is also known as the "felt air temperature" or "apparent temperature". For example, when the temperature is 32 °C (90 °F) with 70% relative humidity, the heat index is 41 °C (106 °F). This heat index temperature has an implied (unstated) humidity of 20%. This is the value of relative humidity for which the heat index formula indicates 41 °C feels like 41 °C. A heat index temperature of 32 °C has an implied relative humidity of 38%. The human body normally cools itself by perspiration, or sweating. Heat is removed from the body by Evaporation of that sweat. However, high relative humidity reduces the evaporation rate. This results in a lower rate of heat removal from the body, hence the sensation of being overheated. This effect is subjective, with different individuals perceiving heat differently for various reasons (such as obesity, metabolic differences, pregnancy, menopause, effects of drugs and/or drug withdrawal); its measurement has been based on subjective descriptions of how hot subjects feel for a given temperature and humidity. This results in a heat index that relates one combination of temperature and humidity to another. Because the humidity index is based on temperatures in the shade, while people often move across sunny areas, then the heat index can give a much lower temperature than actual conditions of typical outdoor activities. Also, for people exercising or active, at the time, then the heat index could give a temperature lower than the felt conditions. For example, with a temperature in the shade of only 82 °F (28 °C) at 60% relative humidity, then the heat index would seem 84 °F (29 °C), but movement across sunny areas of 102 °F (39 °C), would give a heat index of over 137 °F (58 °C), as more indicative of the oppressive and sweltering heat. Plus when actively working, or not wearing a hat in sunny areas, then the feels-like conditions would seem even hotter. Hence, the heat index could seem unrealistically low, unless resting inactive (idle) in heavily shaded areas. Heat Index is a measure of how hot it really feels when relative humidity is factored in with the actual air temperature. A quantity expressing the discomfort felt as a result of the combined effects of the temperature and humidity of the air. Bodies lose heat in water very fast due to the big heat capacity of water.

Heat Exhaustion

Exercising (sweat)

Chloride compounds or chlorine atoms, often attached to sodium ones to form salt – are important for maintaining the body’s internal pH balance, regulating the movement of fluids in and out of cells, and transmitting impulses across nerve fibres. Also mixed in with sweat is urea, ammonia, proteins, sugars, potassium and bicarbonate. Not to mention trace metals like zinc, copper, iron, nickel, cadmium, lead, and even a tiny bit of manganese. For some of those metals, sweat is an important mechanism for excreting them from inside of the body. Sweat exits the body through one of two types of glands. Apocrine glands are found in the armpits and nostrils and on the nipples, ears and parts of the genitalia Eccrine Glands, millions of which are distributed over most of the rest of the human body When the body and skin get too warm, thermoreceptors send a message indicating as much to the brain. There, the hypothalamus – a small cluster of cells that controls our hunger, thirst, sleep, and body temperature – sends a message to the apocrine and eccrine glands, which begin pumping out sweat. Perspiration left behind on your skin can allow bacteria to grow, so you may need a shower after strenuous exercise or work.

Don't Sweat the Small Stuff

Diet quality and the attractiveness of male body odor. Greater fruit and vegetable intake, was significantly associated with more pleasant smelling sweat (with more floral, fruity, sweet and medicinal qualities),and greater carbohydrate intake with stronger smelling less pleasant sweat.

The effect of meat consumption on body odor attractiveness. Women preferred the odor of men who ate a non-meat diet. Fresh odor samples were assessed for their pleasantness, attractiveness, masculinity, and intensity by 30 women not using hormonal contraceptives.

The Thinker Man