Facebook Twiter Goole Plus Linked In YouTube Blogger

Moral Practices - Ethical Standards - Right and Wrong Behavior


Morality is knowing how to accurately calculate the differences between right and wrong, and good and bad. There are many benefits of being right and good, and there are many negative consequences that are the result of being bad or wrong. The more you understand these differences, the more you will benefit, and the less you will suffer from your mistakes. Knowing comes from learning, and there is a lot to learn, as you can see. This is not about restricting your thoughts, this is about increased awareness, and knowing comes from understanding what is Logical, and what is illogical.

Individual Responsibility
Human Rights

Previous SubjectNext Subject

Morality is the differentiation of intentions, decisions, and actions between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are improper.

Good, Bad, Right and Wrong can be measured and quantified in many ways. So Morality and Math go hand in hand.

Moral Knowledge helps you to avoid Regret, Guilt, Shame, Remorse, Mistakes, Abuse, Grief, Embarrassment, Crime and Disappointment, just to name a few.

"Sometimes people don’t notice the things others do for them until they stop doing them."

Social Norms are informal understandings that govern the behavior of members of a society. Rules that help guide behavior in a certain situations or environments. They are sometimes collective representations of acceptable group conduct as well as individual perceptions of particular group conduct. They can be viewed as cultural products (including values, customs, and traditions) which represent individuals' basic knowledge of what others do and think that they should do. Respecting someone does not always mean that you're agreeing with someone, you're just waiting for a better time and place to address certain actions and behaviors. Asking questions to better understand behaviors is better then jumping to conclusions on your personal interpretation. Rulemaking is one of the basic systems that humans have for organizing and simplifying actions. But it must be done without risking blind conformity, and without infringing on individuality or freedoms of expressions.
Social Rule System Theory
Convention (norm) is a set of agreed, stipulated, or generally accepted standards, norms, social norms, or criteria, often taking the form of a custom.

Etiquette are rules governing socially acceptable behavior. Work Place Etiquette
Politeness is being nice and being fair to others, especially yourself. It's acting in a courteous manner that respects accepted social usage and shows regard for others.
Patience - Tolerance - Understanding
Having Good Manners is a way of acting or behaving so as not to disturb someone or insult someone.
Table Manners is being nice and fair to others while eating.
Propriety is having correct or appropriate behavior.
Dignity is the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect.  Noblesse Oblige - Chivalry
Respect is having Courteous regard for people's feelings. A polite expression of desire for someone's welfare. Another education problem to correct and improve.
Ethics

Friendliness is a feeling of liking for another person; enjoyment in their company. Inclined to help or support; not antagonistic or hostile. Share specific examples of some of the things that people have done for you and how that made a difference in your life.
Look people straight in the eyes and say, “You make the world a better place.”
Friendship
Being Good
Words that Describe Nice People

Good-Neighborliness is a disposition to be friendly and helpful to neighbors. 
Good
Pashtunwali "the code of life"
Precautionary Principle if an action or policy has a suspected risk of causing harm to the public, or to the environment, in the absence of scientific consensus (that the action or policy is not harmful), the burden of proof that it is not harmful falls on those taking an action that may or may not be a risk.

Cordial is being Politely warm and friendly.

Kind is having or showing a tender and considerate and helpful nature; used especially of persons and their behavior. Tolerant and forgiving under provocation. 
Sharing
Good Samaritan is to give reasonable assistance to those who are, or who they believe to be, injured, ill, in danger, or otherwise incapacitated.
Duty to Rescue is coming to the rescue of another person or group in danger.
Benevolence is a disposition to do good. An inclination to do kind or charitable acts. An act intending or showing kindness and good will.
Philanthropy is the voluntary promotion of human welfare.
Pro-Social Behavior is the voluntary behavior intended to benefit another. Ethics

Virtue is the quality of doing what is right and avoiding what is wrong. Any admirable quality or attribute. moral excellence. 
Honest

Do-gooders is doing the right things for people at the right time, which is not always easy. Intentions of a Do-gooder is to help, but they don't always know all the details that surround a particular problem, so helping looks good, but it doesn't solve the problem. Be a do-gooder, but also be a good learner, treat the disease, but don't ever stop working on the cure. And let people know this, you are not just a do-gooder, but you are a problem solver working on the cause, and not just the effect.

Character is the inherent complex of attributes that determines a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions.

Attributes is a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished.

Qualities is an essential and distinguishing attribute of something or someone. A degree or grade of excellence or worth. A characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something. High social status. Conscientiousness is the personality trait of being thorough, careful, or vigilant. A desire to do a task well.

Agreeableness is being kind, sympathetic, cooperative, warm and considerate

Self-Expression Values  social toleration, life satisfaction, public expression and an aspiration to liberty.

50 Creative ways to Express Gratitude Having a conscience is important, but if your conscience is not effective in determining right from wrong or good from bad, then your conscience will not benefit you, or anyone else. Conscience is like a system check, it's knowing what questions to ask and when to ask them, it's knowing how to pretend that you are the other person by being able to put yourself in other peoples shoes. You can even recall similar experiences that you had when you were the other person, to get a better idea.

Compassion is a deep awareness of and sympathy for another's suffering. The humane quality of understanding the suffering of others and wanting to do something about it. Compassion is the response to the suffering of others that motivates a desire to help. Bodhisattva is the Sanskrit term for anyone who is motivated by great compassion.
Oaths of Service

Altruism is the principle or practice of concern for the welfare of others. Working Together

Sympathy is understanding the needs of other people who are suffering, or understanding the needs of other life forms in distress.

Empathy is the capacity to understand or feel what another person is experiencing from within the other being's frame of reference, i.e., the capacity to place oneself in another's position.
Empathic Intelligence is being able to put yourself in other people’s shoes, or situations, so as to better understand their struggles and behaviors.
Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test
Empathy Quotient is the ability to feel an appropriate emotion in response to another's emotion and the ability to understand the others' emotion.
Roots of Empathy is a classroom program that claims to have dramatic effect in reducing levels of aggression among schoolchildren by raising social/emotional competence and increasing empathy. ROE
Responsible Behavior Teaching Ideas
Six Habits of Highly Empathic People
Listening

Conscientiousness is the personality trait of being thorough, careful, or vigilant. Conscientiousness implies a desire to do a task well. Conscientious people are efficient and organized as opposed to easy-going and disorderly. They exhibit a tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and aim for achievement; they display planned rather than spontaneous behavior; and they are generally organized and dependable. They have a more functional anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) than the average person. It is manifested in characteristic behaviors such as being neat and systematic; also including such elements as carefulness, thoroughness, and deliberation (the tendency to think carefully before acting.) Conscientiousness is one of the five traits of the Five Factor Model of personality and is an aspect of what has traditionally been referred to as having character. Conscientious individuals are generally hard-working and reliable. When taken to an extreme, they may also be "workaholics", perfectionists, and compulsive in their behavior. People who score low on conscientiousness tend to be laid back, less goal-oriented, and less driven by success; they also are more likely to engage in antisocial and criminal behavior.

Positive is characterized by or displaying affirmation or acceptance or certainty.
Validity - Positive Thinking

Good is that which is pleasing or valuable or useful. Proper or satisfactory manner or to a high standard. Positive. Beneficial.
Having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude. Promoting or enhancing well-being. 
Good
Words that describe "Good"
Friendly
Idealization and Devaluation
Having desirable or positive qualities especially those suitable for a thing specified.
Type I - Type II Errors
Hypocrisy

Right is free from error; especially conforming to Fact or Truth. Socially right or correct. In conformance with justice or law or morality. Correct in opinion or judgment. In or into a satisfactory condition. In accord with accepted standards of usage or procedure. Precisely accurate. In an accurate manner.
Intelligence

A Path of Least Resistance is the physical or metaphorical pathway that provides the least resistance to forward motion by a given object or entity, among a set of alternative paths. The concept is often used to describe why an object or entity takes a given path.

Sophrosyne an ideal of excellence of character and soundness of mind.
Meliorism progress is a real concept leading to an improvement of the world.
Orenda a spiritual power inherent in people and their environment.
Biocentric Universe sees biology as the central driving science in the universe.

Reciprocation
An expression of gratitude and understanding. Giving thanks and showing appreciation for the actions of others that you have benefited from by returning the favor so that others will benefit from your actions, thus preserving the cycle of kindness and not breaking this cycle by taking more then you give. This does not just apply to people, but the environment as well.
Reciprocity (social psychology) is a social rule that says people should repay, in kind, what another person has provided for them; that is, people give back (reciprocate) the kind of treatment they have received from another.
Reciprocity (social and political philosophy) is the expectation that people will respond to each other in similar ways—responding to gifts and kindnesses from others with similar benevolence of their own. Helping
Reciprocity (cultural anthropology) refers to the non-market exchange of goods or labour ranging from direct barter (immediate exchange) to forms of gift exchange where a return is eventually expected (delayed exchange) as in the exchange of birthday gifts.
Reciprocal Altruism is a behaviour whereby an organism acts in a manner that temporarily reduces its fitness while increasing another organism's fitness, with the expectation that the other organism will act in a similar manner at a later time.
Serial Reciprocity (Pay it Forward) is an expression for describing the beneficiary of a good deed repaying it to others instead of to the original benefactor.
Ethic of Reciprocity (Golden Rule) is the principle of treating others as one would wish to be treated oneself. It is a maxim of altruism seen in many human religions and human cultures. The maxim may appear as either a positive or negative injunction governing conduct: One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself (positive or directive form). One should not treat others in ways that one would not like to be treated (negative or prohibitive form). What you wish upon others, you wish upon yourself (empathic or responsive form).
Generosity is the virtue of not being tied down by concerns about one's possessions. Often it means to provide help to others by giving them an (usually precious) item without thinking twice.
Symbiosis

Gratitude is understanding the value of someone or something that has benefited you, and then showing your appreciation by being thankful for that person and reciprocating if possible. Cause and Effect
Gratitude is the proper, fitting or called-for response to benefits or beneficence from a benefactor, like the garbage man.
Golden Rule is the principle of treating others as one would wish to be treated oneself. Balance

"The smallest act of kindness is worth more than the grandest intention." 

"Unless someone like you cares a whole awful lot, nothing is going to get better, it's not." - The Lorax

American Humanist Association is the ability and responsibility of human beings to lead personal lives of ethical fulfillment that aspire to the greater good of humanity.


17 Verbal Habits of Highly Likable People
1. They are polite when then can be.
Words like "please" and "thank you" might be technically unnecessary but they're invaluable if you want to be more charismatic. Want to see an example? Watch this video of an extremely polite and apologetic armed robber--especially starting around the 23-second mark--and tell me you don't feel a bit of sympathy for him (even if you still think he needs to go to jail).
2. They acknowledge small favors.
"You're welcome." These two short words communicate much more than "no problem" (or, of course, "yup") when someone thanks you for something. Likable people appreciate being thanked, and they pay it back verbally.
3. They offer meaningful praise.
The key word here is "meaningful." Charismatic people give sincere compliments--never bashful, never obsequious. When someone merits praise, they say so.
4. They express sincere empathy.
They use phrases like, "That must have made you feel proud," or "I can imagine you must feel angry," thus both exploring and validating other people's feelings. (Because here's a little secret: Everybody wants to be understood.)
5. They share useful information.
Some people like to hoard information because they think it makes them more powerful. Don't be that person. Important caveat, however: Truly likable people understand that "information" and "rumors" are not the same thing.
6. They offer to help.
Many of us want to contribute to our society, but we often don't know where to begin. The most charismatic people among us start simply by looking for chances to help--in their families, in their communities, and in the small moments of their day-to-day lives. (Note to America: Hold doors for people coming in behind you!)
7. They speak with justifiable confidence.
They don't boast or brag. But when faced with challenging situations--especially things that affect other people--they're the ones who approach the problem with an air of calmness, curiosity, and confidence. You might hear them saying things like, "Hmmm. I wonder how we're going to solve this."
8. They use names and titles that connote respect.
Charismatic people remember other people's names, and use their titles in circumstances when it makes those people feel good. It takes a long time to earn titles like "doctor" or police officer, for example; why not use them?
9. They express their faith in others.
Four simple words: "I believe in you." My old boss Bob Woodward used to talk about how a few small words of encouragement from Ben Bradlee, his editor at The Washington Post, were all he needed to feel he could succeed as a journalist. That kind of validation from others can inspire achievement--and affection for the person who gives the validation.
10. They remember that they're part of a team.
A sense of camaraderie makes tough situations bearable. Having a sense of humor can even make them fun. Really charismatic people are the ones who say things like, "Hey, we're all in it together" during tough times--and then work hard to achieve the team's goals.
11. They make introductions.
Want to know five of the nicest words anyone can ever say to two people at the same time? "I'd like you to meet...." We're all networkers these days, I suppose, but truly charismatic people are the ones who are out to help others meet still more people--rather than just building their own networks.
12. They take their turn.
Likable people aren't afraid to step up when it's their turn to do something enjoyable, or even to bear the burden of something that isn't so great. In other words, they can take a compliment or be gracious, but they're also the ones who remember when it's their turn to pick up the tab for lunch.
13. They let others make their own decisions.
Truly charismatic people have confidence in their opinions--but they also recognize that other people may legitimately see things differently, and that they have to choose their own paths in life. Moreover, charismatic leaders aren't afraid to delegate, and then to trust others to accomplish what they've asked them to do.
14. They listen--and they want to hear more.
Highly likable people are active and sincere listeners. You can tell them your opinion or a story or ask for their advice, and they respond with questions and verbal cues that suggest they're present in the moment--interested, even. For any of us, our time is our most valuable resource, and yet they're more than willing to give it to you.
15. They take responsibility.
When it's their job or their fault, they step up. They take control of the things they're supposed to have control over. It makes sense: Reliable people are often very likable.
16. They voice their support.
We all appreciate people who stand by us and who let us know that they're there. In the military it's called having the other guy's "six"--his backside position. Think of someone who showed you support when you needed it and tell me you didn't think of him or her as highly likable in that moment.
17. They ask, "Why not?"
Likable people are often dreamers, optimists, and doers. RFK put it best: "There are those that look at things the way they are, and ask why? I dream of things that never were, and ask why not?"


Recipe for Life
A Few Cups of Love.
Take one tablespoon of patience, one teaspoon of generosity, one pint of kindness; Take one quart of laughter, one pinch of concern. And then mix willingness with happiness, add lots of faith and stir it up well. Then spread it over a span of a life time and serve it to each and every deserving person you meet. ~ Muhammad Ali  “Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee”

People who are more active and experience more happiness are people that
...Read everyday, compliment others, adapt to changes, forgive others, talk about their ideas, they continuously learn, they accept responsibility. they learn from their mistakes, their grateful for the things they have, they sets goals and make plans.

People who are less active and experience more sadness are people that....watch TV every day, overly criticize, they fear change, they hold grudges, they talk about other people too much, they think they know it all, they blame others for their problems, they believe they are entitled, they never set goals or have plans.

Life Stance
Humanism is a philosophical and ethical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively, and generally prefers critical thinking and evidence (rationalism, empiricism) over established doctrine or faith (fideism). Social Actions

Most people know right from wrong and good and bad, but people don't always practice what they preach. People seem to be selective, or, they don't fully understand the facts of the situation. This is another problem we can solve by improving education. Tragedy of the Commons and the Prisoner's Dilemma is a perfect example of people not having enough information and knowledge in order to calculate the best decisions and choices that people have, especially group decisions. Ignorance will always make people more vulnerable to corruption and selfishness.  

Jainism practitioners believe nonviolence and self-control are the means to liberation. The three main principles of Jainism are nonviolence, non-absolutism (anekantavada) and non-possessiveness (aparigraha). Followers of Jainism take 5 major vows: nonviolence, not lying, not stealing (asteya), chastity, and non-attachment. Parasparopagraho Jivanam is the motto of Jainism. Its theological system is termed as transtheistic.  Jain Philosophy (wiki)

We know that all Babies are born with an Instinctual Behavior to be Good. But this Biological Nature to be Good is very basic and incomplete, so it can be easily Manipulated. So Good Behavior must be Nurtured and thoroughly educated in order for a young child to fully understand moral concepts and the numerous benefits that come from having good and fair Behavior
Self Smart

Always try to keep your values as close to being logical as humanly possible. Logic is one of the reasons why we are all here. So it makes sense to use logic as much as possible because logic usually works really well. 
Learning Methods

Ben Franklin Effect is when a person who has performed a favor for someone is more likely to do another favor for that person than they would be if they had received a favor from that person. An explanation for this would be that we internalize the reason that we helped them was because we liked them. The opposite case is also believed to be true, namely that we come to hate a person whom we did wrong to. We de-humanize them to justify the bad things we did to them.

Praxeology is the deductive study of human action, based on the notion that humans engage in purposeful behavior, as opposed to reflexive behavior like sneezing and inanimate behavior. According to its theorists, with the action axiom as the starting point, it is possible to draw conclusions about human behavior that are both objective and universal. For example, the notion that humans engage in acts of choice implies that they have preferences, and this must be true for anyone who exhibits intentional behavior.

Merit (Catholicism) to be a property of a good work which entitles the doer to receive a reward.
Merit (Buddhism) is a power which accumulates as a result of good deeds, acts, or thoughts.
Confucianism is a way of governing, or simply a way of life. Philosophy

Love
Duty
Priorities
Forgiveness
Patience
Tolerance
Understanding
Decision Theory
Validity
Problem Solving
Regrets - Remorse
Fallacy
Empathy
Ego
Praise

Dave Meslin: The Antidote to Apathy(youtube) 
Frans De Waal: Do Animals Have Morals (video)
School of Life Channel (youtube)

Learning to Give
Human Basics
Interactional Justice Fairness 
Ecclesiastes
Siddhartha (novel)
Meditations
Ethical Inquiry

People who take more sometimes give more, which is not giving, it's just feeling guilty because you have taken more then you needed, and now you want to give some back. And people call that generosity? 
Repentance

"Not taking more then you need is the purest form of giving."


Wrong - Bad


Negative is having the quality of something harmful or unpleasant. Involving disadvantage or harm. Suffer or be susceptible to damage'. Any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc. Having no positive features. The occurrence of a change for the worse. The act of damaging something or someone. Reckoned in a direction opposite to that regarded as positive.  Anger - Profanity

Bad is having undesirable or negative qualities. Below average in quality or performance. That which is below standard or expectations as of ethics or decency. Markedly subnormal in structure or function or intelligence or behavior. Characterized by wickedness or immorality. Not working properly. Physically unsound or diseased. Capable of harming. Involving risk or danger.

Wrong is not correct; not in conformity with fact or truth. Contrary to conscience or morality or law. Not functioning properly. Not appropriate for a purpose or occasion. Based on or acting or judging in error. In an inaccurate manner. Not in accord with established usage or procedure. That which is contrary to the principles of justice or law. Characterized by errors; not agreeing with a model or not following established rules. Any harm or injury resulting from a violation of a legal right.  

Two Wrongs don't Make a Right, someone else's wrong does not make your wrong any less then wrong, you are still wrong.
"The lesser of two evils is still evil." Voting

Words that describe "Bad"

Cruelty is when a person does not care about other people suffering, and sometimes even finds pleasure in inflicting suffering. Sadism can also be related to this form of action or concept. Cruel way of inflicting suffering may involve violence.
Abuse is the improper usage or treatment of a person, often to unfairly or improperly gain benefit. Abuse can come in many forms, such as: physical or verbal maltreatment, injury, assault, violation, rape, unjust practices; crimes, or other types of aggression. Bullying
Violence the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation".
Torture is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain on an organism in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer, or compel some action from the victim. Torture, by definition, is a knowing and intentional act; deeds which unknowingly or negligently inflict pain without a specific intent to do so are not typically considered torture, just a scumbag criminal who didn't know any better because of their ignorance.
Suffering is an experience of unpleasantness and dislike associated with the perception of harm or threat of harm in an individual.
Malice is feeling a need to see others suffer. The quality of threatening EvilMalice aforethought is premeditation or Intention. Knowledge of wrongdoing.
Malevolent is wishing or appearing to wish evil to others; arising from intense ill will or hatred. Having or exerting a malignant influence.
Delinquent is being guilty of a misdeed.
Derelict is failing to do what duty requires.
Guilty is when your are responsible for or chargeable with a reprehensible act.

Criminal - Sanity - Abuse of Power

Sin is any thought or action that endangers the ideal relationship between an individual and God; or as any diversion from the perceived ideal order for human living. To sin has been defined as "to miss the mark"

Racism - Discrimination - Prejudice

Evil is displaying morally objectionable behavior. That which causes harm or destruction or misfortune. Morally bad or wrong. The quality of being morally wrong in principle or practice. Having or exerting a malignant influence.
Revenge
Good is the opposite of Evil
Problem of Evil

Hell is believed to be a place of torment and punishment in an afterlife. Hell can also be seen as a life filled with suffering and abuse.

Consequentialism is the consequences of one's conduct are the ultimate basis for any judgment about the rightness or wrongness of that conduct. Thus, from a consequentialist standpoint, a morally right act (or omission from acting) is one that will produce a good outcome, or consequence.

Apathy is a lack of feeling, emotion, interest, and concern. Apathy is a state of indifference, or the suppression of emotions such as concern, excitement, motivation, and/or passion. An apathetic individual has an absence of interest in or concern about emotional, social, spiritual, philosophical and/or physical life and the world.
Egocentrism inability to "put oneself in other peoples' shoes". 
Unrepentant: Not remorseful. Stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing. Regretting

Ingrate
is a person who shows no gratitude. An ungrateful person.

Scheming is concealing crafty designs for advancing your own interest. (astute, defraud or Scam: A fraudulent business scheme)
Theft

Taboo is the forbidding of an action based on the belief that such behavior is either too sacred or too accursed for ordinary individuals to undertake. Such prohibitions are present in virtually all societies. The word has been somewhat expanded in the social sciences to strong prohibitions relating to any area of human activity or custom that is sacred or forbidden based on moral judgment and religious beliefs. "Breaking a taboo" is usually considered objectionable by society in general, not merely a subset of a culture.

Public-Order Crime is a crime which involves acts that interfere with the operations of society and the ability of people to function efficiently", i.e., it is behavior that has been labeled criminal because it is contrary to shared norms, social values, and customs.

"If you have good information and good knowledge you are most likely to do good things."
"If you have bad information and bad knowledge you are most likely to do bad things."

Sisyphus was a king that was punished for his self-aggrandizing craftiness and deceitfulness. His punishment was being forced to roll an immense boulder up a hill, only to watch it come back to hit him, and then was forced to repeat this action for eternity.

Condescension is the trait of displaying arrogance by patronizing those considered inferior. A communication that indicates lack of respect by patronizing the recipient. Affability to your inferiors and temporary disregard for differences of position or rank.

You think that you're better then others, or superior to others just because you have more, or have done more, or have gone to better schools. But that doesn't make you better or does it make other people insignificant or worthless. It only makes you a person who has more potential. And potential is not a right to be prejudice or ignorant towards other people, because that would be a waste of potential, and a waste of time. So if you are smarter, then that means you must have learned that condescension is pure prejudice and pure ignorance. Just because other people don't live up to your standards, or haven't benefited from life the same way that you have, does not make other people insignificant or worthless. People are not abusing themselves or struggling on purpose because they're stupid, they do it for the same reasons that you do, because they have not learned enough. Pride is good, but not when pride turns into a form of prejudice and disrespect towards other people. Self-respect is not a reason to disrespect. Respect is a courteous regard for people's feelings, and also, respect is common sense in knowing that being nice to people has lot more benefits that not being nice to people. When you are aware of other people, instead of being weary of or judgmental, then you start seeing people more clearly, and you also start listening more carefully, so you hear more and understand more. Prejudice kills communication, so that means that prejudice is a threat to life. Prejudice is the highest form of ignorance a person can have, it's not only illogical and wrong, it's a form of violence against others, and violence against yourself. If you really believe that your life is special then you would want more people to understand it, and not be victimized by it. And poor people shouldn't feel inferior just because they see other people who have more. One of the mains reasons why we have poor people is not because we have rich people, it's because we have too much ignorance in our world. Money does not buy intelligence, as we can clearly see, and clearly not see. Poor people have fewer opportunities, they have less access to informational services, and a lower quality of educational services. But when people finally become more educated and learn the things that we should be learning, then everyone will live better lives, and no will have to waste time looking up at people, unless that person is a source of inspiration. And no one would have to waste time looking down on people, unless they were helping them up.
Confidence

Prejudice
To be Prejudice is a life sentence of misery, because there will never a day in your life that will go by that you will not experience anger or frustration. This is not to say that you will never be able to laugh or experience happiness, it's just that those moments will always be interrupted by misery. So you see, prejudice is not only stupid, it's bad for your health, and it reduces your quality of life. Even if you become successful, it will not matter, prejudice will ruin your life. And it might not be that obvious at first, but it will be, and then you will realize how illogical it is, and how bad it is, and how bad it is for the people around you. A life without prejudice is a beautiful life. But a beautiful life will never happen if you allow prejudice to be part of it.  
Discrimination Barriers

"Out of all the prejudice people that I have ever known in my life, I notice one particular thing about them, they were always the most miserable people I knew. Even though I did see them experience happiness, it was never for long."

Me, Me, Me

Selfishness is being concerned chiefly or only with yourself, and your advantage to the exclusion of others. Denoting the precedence given in thought or deed to the self, i.e., self-interest or self concern. Bias
Narcissism an unhealthy self-absorption due to a disturbance in the sense of self. Ego
Narcissistic Personality Disorder (wiki)
Individualism a philosophy stressing the worth of individual selves. A focus on the individual as opposed to society.
Expedience: Taking advantage of opportunities without regard for the consequences for others. 
Dehumanization
Machiavellianism a tendency to deceive and manipulate others for personal gain. 
Selling Out
Me Generation is a culture of narcissism among the younger generation. From 1946 to 1964, the baby boomers became ignorant mindless consumers because of our inadequate education system. This poor education caused "self-realization" and "self-fulfillment" to be confused with social responsibility, thus many mistakes were made.
Marx's Theory of Alienation describes the estrangement of people as a consequence of living in a society of stratified social classes. The alienation from the self is a consequence of being a mechanistic part of a social class, the condition of which estranges a person from their humanity.
Selfism a pejorative term referring to any philosophy, doctrine, or tendency that upholds explicitly selfish principles as being desirable. 
Solipsism (sometimes called egoism), the belief that only one's self exists, or that only the experiences of one's self can be verified.  
Anthropocentrism is the belief that human beings are the central or most significant species on the planet (in the sense that they are considered to have a moral status or value higher than that of all other organisms), or the assessment of reality through an exclusively human perspective.
Suitheism the belief in self as a deity. 
Absolute is the belief that "being" itself transcends and comprehends all other beings.
Psychological Egoism the view that humans are always motivated by self-interest. Ego
Ethical Egoism the ethical position that moral agents ought to do what is in their own self-interest.
Rational Egoism is the belief that an action is rational if and only if it maximizes one's self-interest.
Satanism a philosophy based on individualism and self-preservation. 
Absolute idealism
Hedonism the school of ethics which argues that pleasure is the only intrinsic good.
Graded Absolutism
Epicureanism a philosophical system related to hedonism.
Reflective Equilibrium 
Can Narcissists Be Empathic psp

Enlightened Self-interest a philosophy which states that acting to further the interests of others also serves one's own self-interest.

Pride is a feeling of self-respect and personal worth. Satisfaction with your (or another's) achievements. Feeling pleasurable satisfaction over something by which you measure your self-worth. Not over Confident.

Seven Social Processes that Grease the Slippery Slope of Evil. Psych Central
Mindlessly taking the first small step.
Dehumanization of others.
De-individuation of self (anonymity).
Diffusion of personal responsibility.
Blind Obedience to Authority.
Uncritical conformity to group norms.
Passive tolerance of evil through inaction or indifference.

Philip Zimbardo: The Psychology of Evil (video)
Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
Lucifer
Lucifer Effect 

Homo-Duplex -- a divided human; the belief that a human being is comprised of an antagonism between (1) the instinctual desires of the human animal (think of the four "Fs" Fight, Flee, Feed, Fornication) and (2) the desire to follow and obey societal pressures (rules, morals, and ethics) to maintain self-control.   (see Emile Durkheim).

Eye for an Eye will leave everyone blind.
Two Wrongs Don't Make a Right - Revenge
Rule of Three is whatever energy a person puts out into the world, be it positive or negative, will be returned to that person three times. (threefold)
What Goes Around Comes Around
Cause and Effect - Consequences

It's not Money that's bad, it's the perversion of Money that causes problems.
It's not Religion that's bad, it's the perversion of Religion that causes problems.
It's not Democracy that's bad, it's the perversion of Democracy that causes problems.
It's not Politics that's bad, it's the perversion of Politics that causes problems.
It's not the Military that's bad, it's the perversion of the Military that causes problems.

Perversion, manipulation, negative influences, distortion of the truth.

"Even if I'm wrong I'm still right, because I'm doing what's right, so how can I be wrong?

"There's a big difference between making a mistake and Willful Blindness."

Validity

"If you tell the truth, it becomes a part of your past. If you lie, it becomes a part of your future."

Homer Simpson Shoulder Angel and Shoulder Devil

Shoulder Angel is when our conscience (or common sense) represents an angel on one shoulder, while our temptations represents a devil on the other shoulder. So the angle on your shoulder represents the good reasons why or why not to do something, and the Devil represents just your emotions, that are mostly based on what you want, and not what you need.


Morality

Morality is the differentiation of intentions, decisions, and actions between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are improper. Morality can be a body of standards or principles derived from a code of conduct from a particular philosophy, religion, or culture, or it can derive from a standard that a person believes should be universal. Morality may also be specifically synonymous with "goodness" or "rightness." Compassion
Moral Absolutism is an ethical view that particular actions are intrinsically right or wrong.
Moral Compass is an inner sense which distinguishes what is right from what is wrong, functioning as a guide (like the needle of a compass) for morally appropriate behavior.
Conscience is an aptitude, faculty, intuition or judgment that assists in distinguishing right from wrong. Awareness
Integrity is the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles; moral uprightness. It is generally a personal choice to hold oneself to consistent moral and ethical standards.
Moral Obligation is conducting oneself based on their own set of values.
Moral Development are principles for how individuals ought to treat one another, with respect to justice, others' welfare, and rights.
Lawrence Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development holds that moral reasoning, the basis for ethical behavior, has six identifiable developmental stages, each more adequate at responding to moral dilemmas than its predecessor. The six stages of moral development are grouped into three levels: pre-conventional morality, conventional morality, and post-conventional morality.
Moral Responsibility is the capability to reflect on your situation, to form intentions about how you will act, and then to carry out that action.
Moral Agency is an individual's ability to make moral judgments based on some notion of right and wrong and to be held accountable for these actions. A moral agent is "a being who is capable of acting with reference to right and wrong."
Agency (PDF)
Moral Psychology refer to the study of moral development, moral judgment, moral reasoning, moral sensitivity, moral responsibility, moral motivation, moral identity, moral action, moral development, moral diversity, moral character (especially as related to virtue ethics), altruism, psychological egoism, moral luck, moral forecasting, moral emotion, affective forecasting, and moral disagreement.

Virtue is a trait or quality deemed to be morally good and thus is valued as a foundation of principle and good moral being. Personal virtues are characteristics valued as promoting collective and individual greatness. The opposite of virtue is vice, which is having moral weakness.
Arete (moral virtue) is excellence of any kind. Excellence is the quality of excelling; possessing good qualities in high degree. An outstanding feature; something in which something or someone excels.

Dignity is the innate right to be valued, respected, and to receive ethical treatment.

Ethics
Ethics is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
Ethical Dilemma is a complex situation that often involves an apparent mental conflict between moral imperatives, in which to obey one would result in transgressing another. Sometimes called ethical paradoxes in moral philosophy, ethical dilemmas are often invoked in an attempt to refute an ethical system or moral code, or to improve it so as to resolve the paradox.
Ethicist is one whose judgment on ethics and ethical codes has come to be trusted by a specific community, and (importantly) is expressed in some way that makes it possible for others to mimic or approximate that judgment. Following the advice of ethicists is one means of acquiring knowledge. Oaths of Service
Altruism Ethics is an ethical doctrine that holds that the moral value of an individual's actions depend solely on the impact on other individuals, regardless of the consequences on the individual itself. "An action is morally right if the consequences of that action are more favorable than unfavorable to everyone except the agent." "living for the sake of others. One who holds to either of these ethics is known as an "altruist."
Deontological Ethics is the normative ethical position that judges the morality of an action based on the action's adherence to a rule or rules. It is sometimes described as "duty-" or "obligation-" or "rule-" based ethics, because rules "bind you to your duty." Deontological ethics is commonly contrasted to consequentialism, virtue ethics, and pragmatic ethics. In this terminology, action is more important than the consequences.
Aristotelian Ethics is the attempt to offer a rational response to the question of how humans should best live.
Nicomachean Ethics
Ethics and Compliance Needs

Codes of Conduct is a set of rules outlining the social norms and rules and responsibilities of, or proper practices for, an individual, party or organization. Related concepts include ethical, honor, moral codes and religious laws.
Sensitivity Training is a form of training with the goal of making people more aware of their own prejudices and more sensitive to others.
Accountability

Responsibility
Individual Responsibility
Social Responsibility
Collective Responsibility
Diffusion of Responsibility
Utilitarianism
Humanism (PDF)
Automatic and Controlled Process Dissociation (PDF)

Civic Character
The Capacity and the Ability to be a Good Citizen.  Power
Civic Intelligence is an "intelligence" that is devoted to addressing public or civic issues. The term has been applied to individuals and, more commonly, to collective bodies, like organizations, institutions, or societies.
Character USA
Civics is the study of the theoretical and practical aspects of citizenship, its rights and duties; the duties of citizens to each other as members of a political body and to the government. It includes the study of civil law and civil code, and the study of government with attention to the role of citizens ― as opposed to external factors ― in the operation and oversight of government.
Social Actions is when an individual takes account of the behavior of others and is thereby oriented in its course.
Character Education describes the teaching of children in a manner that will help them develop variously as moral, civic, good, mannered, behaved, non-bullying, healthy, critical, successful, traditional, compliant or socially acceptable beings.
Character Counts
Character
Obligation
Good Character
Character Ed
Character and Leadership - Leading
Role Model
Good Samaritan Law offers legal protection to people who give reasonable assistance to those who are, or who they believe to be, injured, ill, in peril, or otherwise incapacitated. The protection is intended to reduce bystanders' hesitation to assist, for fear of being sued or prosecuted for unintentional injury or wrongful death.
I Civics
Civic Engagement is individual and collective actions designed to identify and address issues of public concern.
100 Civics Questions
Crime - Violence
Government Websites

Philanthropy is the love of humanity, in the sense of caring, nourishing, developing, and enhancing what it means to be human. In this meaning, it involves both the benefactor in their identifying and exercising their values, and the beneficiary in their receipt and benefit from the service or goods provided. A conventional modern definition is "private initiatives, for the public good, focusing on quality of life."
Charity means the voluntary giving of help to those in need, as a humanitarian act.
Why do people give more to individuals then groups?  (Rokia Study)
Volunteering

Values Education is the process by which people give moral values to others. It can be an activity that can take place in any organisation during which people are assisted by others, who may be older, in a position of authority or are more experienced, to make explicit those values underlying their own behaviour, to assess the effectiveness of these values and associated behaviour for their own and others' long term well-being and to reflect on and acquire other values and behaviour which they recognise as being more effective for long term well-being of self and others. There is a difference between literacy and education.
Learn to Be (PDF)
Learning to Be (PDF)
Human Education
Value Measuring
National Training Laboratories
Charter for Compassion

Moral Qualities
Understands the Interplay of Principles and Actions. Follows rules that are used as a basis for reasoning or conduct.
Can explain the Codes of Conduct as a set of conventional principles and the expectations we have from each other.
Understands why Misconduct is wrongful, improper, or unlawful. Avoids being motivated by premeditated or intentional purpose or by obstinate indifference to the consequences of one's acts. Consequential, Do the Ends Justify the Means?
Can accurately evaluate motivations for actions taken.
Understands Oaths of Service and Workplace Etiquette.
Understands Post-Conventional Morality by identifying the ethical reasoning of morality and by knowing how to make decisions based on rights, values, duties, or principles that are (or could be) universal.
Understands the Guides used for determining right and wrong behavior. 
Understands Internalization and how it involves the integration of attitudes, values, standards and the opinions of others into one's own identity or sense of self, without blindly conforming.
Has Good Faith which is being fair and open in human interactions. Sincere, honest intentions or belief, regardless of the outcome of an action.
Understands that a Life Stance is what a person accepts as being of ultimate importance.
Has an understanding of the Acquisition and Clarification of Personal Values Acceptable by Society and Culture
Understands that the Common Good is what is shared and beneficial for all members of a given community, which is achieved by collective action, and active participation in the realm of public service.
Knowing the differences between a Lie, an Error, an Opinion and a Belief.
Has Knowledge of Moral Practices by studying and understanding the Personal Experiences of others
Has a clear understanding of Pluralism, Relativism and Absolutism.

"Treat others as you would want others to treat you, and treat yourself the same way"

Related Subjects
Religion
Awareness
Intelligent Reasoning
Media Literacy 
Interpersonal intelligence
Social Knowledge
Subjectivity
Objectivity
introvert
Reality
Philosophy
Interest
Activism
Know Thyself
People Smart
Self Smart
Social Smart
Human Rights
Human Nature
Behavior
Guilt - Regret
Economics
Media Literacy


Choices in what Direction?
Choices


Productive citizens
are not just smart people who know lots of facts, or people who can reason in abstract and impressive ways. They also have the skills and the mindset necessary for democratic citizenship. In other words, they have civic character.
This includes a commitment to the common good, a willingness to enter the public sphere and debate political and ethical issues, and the skills necessary for learning about, intellectually digesting, and responding publicly to societal issues and challenges.
(Dr. Marvin W. Berkowitz, Professor of Character Education University of Missouri)

“Man has been called a rational being, but rationality is a matter of choice... Man has to be a man–by choice; he has to hold his life as a value–by choice; he has to learn to sustain it–by choice; he has to discover the values it requires and practice his virtues by choice. A code of values accepted by choice is a code of morality.”
(Atlas Shrugged  (Part 3, Chapter 7, Page 1,013)



The Thinker Man