Educational Toys - Learning Games
almost everything that we do in our lives.
Making a Game
of things can make
Life and Learning a little more interesting, and also
. Life is kind of like a video game, if you understand
the rules, and if you practice and become skilled in navigating these
rules, then you can win, succeed and progress to higher levels.
Winning and Losing
Educational Game Resources
is a contest with rules to determine a
winner. An amusement or pastime. The game equipment needed in order to
play a particular game. Game
is a structured form of play, usually undertaken for enjoyment and
sometimes used as an educational tool.
is the use of game thinking and game mechanics in
non-game contexts to engage users in
the application of
contexts. Gamification commonly employs game design elements which are
used in non-game contexts to improve user engagement, organizational
productivity, flow, learning, physical exercise and more. A collection of
research on gamification shows that a majority of studies on gamification
find it has positive effects on individuals. However, individual and
contextual differences exist. Gamification can also improve an
individual's ability to comprehend digital content and understand a
certain area of study such as music.You can
Gameify almost everything that you do in life
. Life is a game in a sense, but
sadly there are no guarantees in life
. Just when you think that
you're winning, life slaps you in the face. So play the game,
enjoy the f*ck out it, it's the only game in town. But honestly,
I do not want not to make light of your abilities and the
realities of life, but making a game of things at times does
make life a little more interesting, just as long as you don't
get caught up in the game itself. So WTF does that mean? It
means that the game is on NN...Play on...
When we Make Learning Fun
, we can empower ourselves with knowledge,
while at the same time, enjoy ourselves on this incredible journey that we
call life. No one says that life
can't be fun. As long as you're safe and
for the challenges and
, you should be able to enjoy many
hours of fun through your entire lifetime. And if the game you're playing gives you useful knowledge,
then you're playing
the perfect game.
Make a Game of it
are games explicitly designed with educational
purposes, which have educational value. Games are interactive play that
teach us goals, rules, adaptation, problem solving, interaction, all
represented as a story. They satisfy our fundamental need to learn by
providing enjoyment, passionate involvement, structure, motivation, ego
gratification, adrenaline, creativity, social interaction and emotion in
the game itself while the learning takes place.
Games and Learning
is a field of education research that studies what
is learned by playing video games, and how the design principles, data and
communities of video game play can be used to develop new learning
is an active
diversion requiring physical exertion and competition.
includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which,
through casual or organized participation, aim to use, maintain or improve
physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and
in some cases, entertainment for spectators.
Educational Video Game
is a video game that provides learning or
training value to the player.
Games in Education
have been found to increase student engagement, but
the games design
and content needs to improve.
Spatial Skills Higher among those who played with Construction-Based Toys
and video games in childhood
Gamification of Learning
is an educational approach to
students to learn by using video game design and game elements in
are objects of play, generally designed for children,
which are expected to stimulate learning. They are often intended to meet
an educational purpose such as helping a child develop a particular skill
or teaching a child about a particular subject. They often simplify,
miniaturize, or model activities and objects used by adults.
is the study and ethical practice of
facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and
managing appropriate technological processes and resources.
brain training can result in
is when a player will have to take into account the
of his current action on the future actions of other players; this is
sometimes called his reputation.
the sequencing of players' possible moves, their
choices at every decision point, the (possibly imperfect) information each
player has about the other player's moves when he makes a decision, and
his payoffs for all possible game outcomes. Extensive-form games also
allow representation of incomplete information in the form of chance
events encoded as "moves by nature".
You can measure your
many ways with games, like knowing how much time it took, how fast you
were, and how successful you were. Healthy Competition against yourself, a
machine, a clock, or just your friends, can be very
. Just as
long as you don't get caught up in the game itself, or
forget that you are
playing a game
. There are always some risks in
, and there will
always be risks when playing games. Play responsible, play nice, and play
is content that uses a combination of different
content forms such as text, audio
, images, animation,
interactive content. Multimedia contrasts with media that use only
rudimentary computer displays such as text-only or traditional forms of
printed or hand-produced material.
accepts and responds to
Video Games can have Lasting impact on Learning
. A computer-based
brain training program developed at Yale University helps improve student
performance in reading and math — in some cases even more than
Making learning fun and
is a great way to
more people to learn. The
of knowledge is also a great
. And when we use
Virtual Reality Technology
we can even speed up learning and make it more effective.
Game Design Tool Kit
Virtual Reality Game Design
Game Design Handbook
is the study of games, the act of playing them, and the
players and cultures surrounding them.
Touchscreen Game Sudoku for Brain Training old Dogs using computer-based
. Lifelong learning is not just good for people, it is
also good for dogs.
occurs when people devote so much time and attention
to an activity that it begins to pattern their thoughts, mental images,
and dreams. It takes its name from the video game Tetris.
Benefits of Games
Design and Development of Games for Learning
Gamification in Knowledge Management
Massively Multiplayer Online Game (MMOG) with STEM Topics for
Middle and High School Curriculum
- Technology Warnings
We can use sports, toys, games and jungle
and all kinds of useful knowledge, but we have
to make sure that what we are teaching and learning can be
applied to solving real world problems, and that the knowledge
learned is related to every day life, this way the person
remembers what they have learned because they use that knowledge
often. Learning things that you don't use, or learning things
that cannot be associated with living, are easily forgotten.
Like the effects of Summer Vacation
be molded into any desired shape. It does not stick to any materials other
than itself[dubious – discuss] and does not dry out, but otherwise mimics
the physical properties of wet sand. Kinetic Sand is made out of 98%
regular sand and 2% polydimethylsiloxane.
The Power of Play
Games and Puzzles with a Purpose
If you're going to exercise your brain with Brain Training
Games, or Brain Exercises, or Crossword Puzzles, or Complex
Puzzles, the brain exercise or game should have a learning objective or a
lesson that is relevant to your educational needs. If you want
to test your ability to focus, or test your memory recall, make
sure that you're using information and knowledge that you need
to learn, otherwise you're wasting time. What is the point of
training if you never use that skill, or never benefit from that skill?
Playing with puzzles, blocks may build children's Spatial Skills
The games we design should prepare kids for life in some way or
another, if not, then you're playing the wrong game, or, just
playing a game incorrectly, so that there's no benefit to the
players. There are many games that can be modified so that they
can have some kind of beneficial element created from it, just
look at all the different things that you can teach with
The main thing is to avoid turning games into the same
propaganda that we have in schools. Irrelevance is not a game.
Games and Learning
Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly
Ten-Year Effects of the ACTIVE Cognitive Training
Trial on Cognition and Everyday Functioning in Older Adults.
Videogame boosts sex health IQ and attitudes in minority teens
Learning Morse code in only a few hours
. Using Google Glass, people
played games while feeling the taps and hearing the corresponding letters.
After those few hours, they were 94 percent accurate keying a sentence
that included every letter of the alphabet and 98 percent accurate writing
for every letter.
Memory Enhancement Tools
Attention-grabbing experiences trigger the release of memory-enhancing
. The trick to creating long-lasting memories is to find
to activate the release of dopamine from the
brain's locus coeruleus (LC) region. "Activation of the locus coeruleus
increases our memory of events that happen at the time of activation and
may also increase the recall of those
at a later time.
is involved with physiological responses
is an organic chemical in the catecholamine family that functions in the
human brain and body as a hormone and neurotransmitter.
released by neurons (nerve cells) to send signals to other nerve cells
plays a large role in memory enhancement.
a group of neural structures responsible for incentive salience (i.e.,
"wanting" or desire),
(i.e., "liking" or hedonic value), and
refers to the "wanting" or "desire" attribute given by the
brain – specifically, by the nucleus accumbens shell – to a rewarding
stimulus. Reward is the attractive and
of a stimulus that induces appetitive behavior – also known
as approach behavior – and consummatory behavior. This "wanting" is unlike
"liking" in that liking is a pleasure immediately gained from consumption
or other contact with stimuli, while the "wanting" of incentive salience
is a motivational magnet quality of a stimulus that makes it a desirable
and attractive goal, transforming it from a mere sensory experience into
something that commands attention, induces approach, and causes it to be
sought out. Incentive salience is regulated by dopamine activity in the
mesocorticolimbic pathway of the brain.
a consequence that will strengthen an organism's
behavior is preceded by a specific antecedent stimulus. This
strengthening effect may be measured as a higher frequency of
in behavioral psychology
that cues an organism
to perform a learned behavior. When an organism perceives an antecedent
stimulus, it behaves in a way that maximizes reinforcing consequences and
minimizes punishing consequences.Brain
Exercise Improves Memory
Memory Recall Games
Cognitive Priming and Cognitive Training: Immediate and Far Transfer to
Academic Skills in Children
. Cognitive operations are supported by
dynamically reconfiguring neural systems that integrate processing
components widely distributed throughout the brain. The inter-neuronal
connections that constitute these systems are powerfully shaped by
environmental input. We evaluated the ability of computer-presented brain
training games done in school to harness this
improve learning in an overall study sample of 583 second-grade children.
Doing a 5-minute brain-training game immediately before math or reading
curricular content games increased performance on the curricular content
games. Doing three 20-minute brain
per week for four
months increased gains on school-administered math and reading achievement
tests compared to control classes tested at the same times without
intervening brain training. These results provide evidence of cognitive
priming with immediate effects on learning, and longer-term brain training
with far-transfer or generalized effects on academic achievement.
Therapeutic Video Game Technology
Game your brain to treat Depression, studies suggest
Building Blocks of Life
can be a great
toy for learning
if designed and used correctly.
I would like to see building blocks with more then just letters
on them. You can have the blocks with its measurements, blocks
with weight measurements, blocks with a load capacity, blocks with
engineering symbols, and so on. Emergence
- Factory Built Homes
Kids can be taught to make their own building Blocks, and make
their own Learning Tools and Measuring Equipment. Kids can also use blocks for
Visualize Mind Maps
. Let them choose the
, let them
, let them choose the
, let them choose
, let them choose the
, let them choose the
that each block makes, and let them choose how to
each block, so they can visualize in their mind what they
want to see, something that makes sense to them, and makes it
easier for them to
. You can show them the best known
arrangements, but let them know it can be modified to fit their
See Touch Learn
LEGO Education SOFT Bricks Set 6033778 (84 Bricks)
15.7 X 15.7 X 19.6 inches.
Jumbo Lego Blocks
would be perfect to add labels to. A
plastic sleeve to add and change labels would work.
LEGO-like blocks build new possibilities for microfluidics
Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) – a
silicone-based organic polymer
– to cast the building blocks of a
truly LEGO-like microfluidics platform.
essentially 2×2 LEGO bricks
with integrated microfluidic channels,
cast from 3D-printed master moulds and actual LEGO parts. We put the
modules together on a standard LEGO plate. Like traditional LEGO bricks,
they are stackable, and their geometry makes mass production by injection
A truly Lego®-like modular microfluidics platform
how to create a spotlight of sound with LEGO-like bricks
experts create low-cost directional beams of sound.
Key Learning Targets:
gross manipulative and gross motor skills, Spatial awareness, Developing
balancing, jumping, climbing, and crawling skills, Cooperation and
teamwork, Physical development. And then if you put labels on the blocks,
then you could learn a lot more, about all kinds of things.
You can also use blocks to show Software Development,
Application Layers, Development Processes, Levels in Thinking,
Organization Structures, Chemical Structures, Matrix Levels, Time Lines,
and so on.
IU neuroimaging study: Building blocks activate spatial ability in
children better than board games
Braille Building Blocks
are pieces of various shapes (square, cylinder, arch, triangle,
etc.) and colors that are used as construction toys (also building bricks,
building blocks, or simply blocks).
(PDF) Block play and performance standards: Using unstructured
materials to teach academic content.
Brixo - Building Blocks
Meet Electricity and IoT.
Bring your designs to life
with electronic sensors, motors and connected apps.
are building blocks used to design and assemble
larger synthetic biological circuits from individual parts and
combinations of parts with defined functions, which would then be
incorporated into living cells such as Escherichia coli cells to construct
new biological systems.
Flexo -Bendable, bouncy, flexible building bricks!
bend, wrap or wear! Flexo uses a unique rigid brick and flexible tendon.
Nimuno Loops - The Toy Block Tape
instantly transforms virtually any
surface into a base for Toy Building Blocks and components!
are the smallest unit of life that can replicate
independently, and are often called the "building blocks of
What's a cell made of ?...
consisting entirely of
group of naturally occurring
, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble
vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E, and K),
, diglycerides, triglycerides, phospholipids,
and others. The main biological functions of lipids include
storing energy, signaling, and acting as structural components
of cell membranes.
is a biological molecule consisting of carbon
(C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms.
are biologically important organic compounds containing amine (-NH2)
and carboxylic acid (-COOH) functional groups, usually along
with a side-chain specific to each amino acid. The key elements of an
amino acid are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.
, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more
long chains of amino acid
Proteins perform a vast
array of functions
within living organisms, including catalyzing
metabolic reactions, DNA replication, responding to stimuli, and
transporting molecules from one location to another.
are biopolymers, or large biomolecules, essential for
all known forms of life. Nucleic acids, which include DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid), are made
from monomers known as nucleotides.
polymeric molecule implicated in various biological roles in
coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
molecule that carries most of the genetic instructions used in
the development, functioning and reproduction of all known
living organisms and many viruses.
Building Blocks of Life
AP Biology The Chemical Building Blocks of Life
Life's Building Blocks observed in Spacelike Environment
are the uniquely
identifiable input, part, piece,
assembly or subassembly
system or subsystem
that (1) is required to complete or finish an activity, item, or job, (2)
performs a distinctive and necessary function in the operation of a
system, or (3) is intended to be included as a part of a finished,
packaged, and labeled item. Components are usually removable in one piece
and are considered indivisible for a particular purpose or use. Commonly,
items of very small or insignificant cost are not considered components.
is an abstract part of
something. Something determined in
to something that
includes it. An artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a
composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from
or attached to a system.Part
something determined in relation to something that includes it. Something
less than the
of a human artifact. A portion of a natural object. That which
concerns a person with regard to a particular role or situation. The
extended spatial location of something. One of the portions into which
something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole.
The Sport of Learning Cognitive workouts using Games and
Nano Building Blocks
You can even make other
Building Games and Connection Games
using toys like
, you can make a game of connecting
Folding Proteins made into a Game
the acronym which stands for
, represents the six
most important chemical elements whose covalent combinations make up most
Earth. Sulfur is used in the amino acids
cysteine and methionine. Phosphorus is an essential element in the
formation of phospholipids, a class of lipids that are a major
component of all cell membranes, as they can form lipid bilayers, which
keep ions, proteins, and other molecules where they are needed for cell
function, and prevent them from diffusing into areas where they should not
be. Phosphate groups are also an essential component of the backbone of
nucleic acids and are required to form ATP – the main molecule used as
energy powering the cell in all living creatures. Carbonaceous asteroids
are rich in CHON elements. These
are the most
common type, and frequently collide with Earth as meteorites. Such
collisions were especially common early in Earth's history, and these
impactors may have been crucial in the formation of the planet's oceans.
The simplest compounds to contain all of the CHON elements are fulminic
acid and isocyanic acid (the latter of which is much more stable), having
one of each atom.Layers
A layer serves the layer above it and is served by the layer
below it. For example, a
that provides error-free communications across a network provides the path
needed by applications above it, while it calls the next lower layer to
send and receive packets that comprise the contents of that path. Two
instances at the same layer are visualized as connected by a horizontal
connection in that layer.
"Blocks are made to be assembled,
but who is deciding where the bricks go? Someone did, and that
someone is not a person, that someone is "Fill
in the Blank". There is no wrong answer, but everyone can't be
"Lay each brick reverently. Lay a purposeful brick, but be in
the moment of laying that brick.
The house will form
Resources for Learning Games and Educational Toys
Educational Learning Games
Engineering Model Building Kits
Architectural Model Building Kits
KEVA Structures 200 Plank Set
Engineering Building Kits
Building and Construction Sets
Architecture Building Kits
Architect Gifts Plus
Building Blocks3D Printing
Science Kits and Tools
Problem Solving Games
Kids Math Games
XP Math Games
Math Play Ground
Little Zen Minds
is interactive, not
. Brilliant helps
you master concepts in math, science, and engineering by solving fun,
transforms from a design table into an all-in-one play table
for children ages 1 through 8.
Natural Wood Toys
is a nonverbal intelligence test.
Arcademic Skill Builders
Innovations for Learning
Game Safety Ratings
Video Games Reviews
Dangers of Sitting for a Long Time
Role Playing Game
is a game in which players
assume the roles of characters
in a fictional setting. Players take
responsibility for acting out these roles within a narrative
through literal acting or through a process of structured decision-making
or character development. Actions taken within many games succeed or fail
according to a formal system of rules and guidelines.
Live Action Role-Playing Game
is a form of
where the participants
physically act out their
' actions. The players pursue goals within a fictional setting
represented by the real world while interacting with each other in
character. The outcome of player actions may be mediated by game rules or
determined by consensus among players. Event arrangers called gamemasters
decide the setting and rules to be used and facilitate play.
are games that require only conversational ability. Conversation games owe
their popularity to their ability to be played almost anywhere with almost
anyone and for their ability to generate conversation.
is a charades-inspired guessing word
game played with teams with players trying to identify specific words from
their teammates' drawings.
The Learning Tree
Learning Games for Kids
The Problem Site
Sports and Games
Museum of Play
National Toy Hall of Fame, an
interactive collections-based museum with the
History of Electronic Games and Archives of Play.
The Full History of Board Games
History of Graphics in Video Games
50 Toys of the last 50 Years
an intimate look at Kids and their Toys
Tests That Look Like Video Games
Fat Brain Toys
Learning Works for Kids
Find the Right Toy
E Science Labs
Home Training Tools
Brain Exercises - Brain Teasers - Cognition Tests
The best thing about brain teasers is that they
force you to listen
, which people don't do
enough of. But most brain teasers are not reality based, so you will never
use that information in real life. So if you are going to exercise peoples
ability to listen and focus, you better do it in a way that has
real life examples
something they will use in reality.
Cog Ni Fit
Test My Brain
Speed of Processing Cognitive Training
Teasers, Riddles, Trivia, Brain Exercises, Games, Forums and more..
is a form of puzzle that requires
thought to solve. It often requires thinking in unconventional ways with
given constraints in mind; sometimes it also involves lateral thinking.
Logic puzzles and riddles are specific types of brain teasers.
Physical Exercise Improves Memory
The Problem Site
- Collection of Brain Teasers, Puzzles, Riddles, Games and Optical illusions.
Thousands of Quizzes, or Create Your Own
Games, Illusions, Magic
Moblab Interactive Social Science Games
Animation Creation Software
Make your own Cartoons
Pre School Games
Play Kids Games
Arvind Gupta: Trash into Toys for Learning
Arvind Gupta Toys
Toys to Grow On
is a game,
, or toy that tests a
or knowledge. In a puzzle, one is required to put
pieces together in a logical way, in order to arrive at the
of the puzzle. There are different types of puzzles for different
ages, such as crossword puzzles, word-search puzzles, number puzzles, or
logic puzzles. Geometry
is something that
is a mystery or something bewildering and uncertain. A particularly
baffling problem that is said to have a
are puzzles involving two-dimensional
in which a number of flat
have to be assembled
into a larger given shape without overlaps (and often without gaps). Some
tiling puzzles ask you to dissect a given
first and then rearrange
the pieces into another shape. Other tiling puzzles ask you to dissect a
given shape while fulfilling certain conditions. The two latter types of
tiling puzzles are also called dissection puzzles.
Jigsaw Puzzles from your Photos
(move only 2 sticks)
is a puzzle deriving from the mathematics field of
Math and Logic Puzzles
is a dissection puzzle consisting of seven flat shapes, called tans, which are put together to form shapes. The objective
of the puzzle is to form a specific shape (given only an outline or silhouette) using all seven pieces, which may not overlap.
Logic Games Online
School Time Games
Logifaces Analogue Game for Digital Minds
are constructs of rules or methods
designed for interaction with the game state, thus providing gameplay. All
games use mechanics; however, theories and styles differ as to their
ultimate importance to the game. In general, the process and study of game
design, or ludology, are efforts to come up with game mechanics that allow
for people playing a game to have an engaging, but not necessarily fun, experience.
Game Star Mechanic
The Legend of Zelda
Learn to Write Code
Child Therapy Toys
Brainwashers Video Game Idea
Raven Progressive Matrices
Visual Tracking Inspection Time
Eye can Learn
Marbles the Brain Store
Reinventing the Encyclopedia Game
Test your Geography Knowledge
E Spark Learning on I-Pads
Create Lessons on I-Pad
Technology Learning Tools
Games I played at
work in the late 90's,
but after work, I did not
want to play these games, I wanted to learn instead of just
- Played against the game, very addicting.
Learned to save last level so i would not have to start from the begining
each time I was killed, which a was a lot.
- Awesome 3D flying game, played against other
people at work using our companies server. Then when half-life came out,
everyone played half-life and we never played Descent again.
- Very addictive game, you can play against and
with other people.
I also played
on my home TV set, which was developed in 1972. I also
, which was made in 1979 but was originally created
at MIT in 1961, they called is
Spacewar Video Game
"Just because things are
similar does not mean that they are the same. We create
to imitate certain
aspects of life, but just because you can imitate life, this
does mean that life is an imitation. You can create games in
life, but this does not make life a game."
We have been Illuminated
made false claims, just like most corporations do and just like
most schools do. And of course Lumosity did it just for the
money, just like most corporations do and just like most schools
do. And the excuse they gave was simply pathetic. Our a**hole
days are coming to an end people. We need to end this a**hole
behavior, because this sh*t storm is killing us. We need to
rethink and retool ourselves so that we can accommodate our new
level of knowledge and understanding, which has given us a
more clearer perspective of our reality and situation.
Cause and effect
is not imaginary, it is extremely real and
Cause and effect
to anyone, so ignoring this fact of nature could,
and will continue to have tragic consequences. But on the
Brightside, cause and effect also has many rewards and benefits.
We have to make better choices, choices that have much better
outcomes. So let's stop f*cking around, and let us get to work.
We have a lot of problems to solve, and these problems are not
going to solve themselves.
We have a responsibility to the quadrillions of people who will
live after us
is to be
or acceptable to. Make fit for, or change to suit a
. Provide with something desired or
is to make free from
; make clear.
“Brain-Training” Programs Work?
Brain-Training Pessimism, but
Marketers of One-on-One ‘Brain Training’ Programs Settle FTC Charges
That Claims about Ability to Treat Severe Cognitive Impairments Are
Affordability should never be about
, It has to be about knowing the most effective and
efficient ways for fulfilling our
. It has to be about
fully understanding all the different elements that surround our
lives, and all the different
cause and effects
that come from our needs, and the
we take that are
related to those needs. So when we
, we need to teach students how to
calculate the impacts of their life
. And whether those impacts
, or, whether those impacts will eventually
damage something or kill something. We can't ignore
reality is all we have. There is no alternate universe, there is
no other planet.
I implore you to see reason.
is a hand game usually played between two people,
in which each player simultaneously forms one of three shapes with an
outstretched hand. These shapes are "rock" (a closed fist), "paper" (a
flat hand), and "scissors" (a fist with the index finger and middle finger
extended, forming a V). "Scissors" is identical to the two-fingered V sign
(aka "victory" or "peace sign") except that it is pointed horizontally
instead of being held upright in the air. A simultaneous, zero-sum game,
it has only two possible outcomes: a draw, or a win for one player and a
loss for the other. A player who decides to play rock will beat another
player who has chosen scissors ("rock crushes scissors" or sometimes
"blunts scissors"), but will lose to one who has played paper ("paper
covers rock"); a play of paper will lose to a play of scissors ("scissors
cuts paper"). If both players choose the same shape, the game is tied and
is usually immediately replayed to break the tie. The type of game
originated in China and spread with increased contact with East Asia,
while developing different variants in signs over time. Other names for
the game in the English-speaking world include roshambo and other
orderings of the three items, with "rock" sometimes being called "stone".
Rock–paper–scissors is often used as a fair choosing method between two
people, similar to coin flipping, drawing straws, or throwing dice in
order to settle a dispute or make an unbiased group decision. Unlike truly
random selection methods, however, rock–paper–scissors can be played with
a degree of skill by recognizing and exploiting non-random behavior in
two-player version is when one person is designated the "odds" player
while the other is labeled "evens". Players hold one hand out in front of
them and count together to three (sometimes chanting "Once,
twice, thrice, shoot!
" or "One, two, three, shoot!"). On "shoot",
both players hold out either one or two fingers. If the sum of fingers
shown by both players is an even number (i.e. two or four) then the
"evens" player wins; otherwise the "odds" player is the winner. Since
there are two possible ways to add up to three, both players have an equal
chance of winning. In New York City and Long Island in the 1950s, the game
was called "choosies," and would be invoked to resolve a playground
dispute by one antagonist saying, "let's shoot for it." In Boston at about
the same time, the term in use was "bucking up." In US Coast Guard
wardrooms (officer's mess), players "shake out." It has also been referred
to as "odds-on poke." Morra can be played to decide issues, much as two
people might toss a coin, or for entertainment. While there are many
variations of morra, most forms can be played with a minimum of two
players. In the most popular version, all players throw out a single hand,
each showing zero to five fingers, and call out loud their guess at what
the sum of all fingers shown will be. If one player guesses the sum, that
player earns one point. The first player to reach three points wins the
game. Some variants of morra involve money, with the winner earning an
amount equal to the sum of fingers displayed. Each player simultaneously
reveals their hand, extending any number of fingers, and calls out a
number. Any player who successfully guesses the total number of fingers
revealed by all players combined scores a point.
Using 10 coins, turn this pyramid upside down by moving only