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Knowledge Preservation


Preservation is the activity of protecting something from loss or danger. An occurrence of improvement by virtue of preventing loss or injury or other change. A process that saves organic substances from decay. The condition of being preserved for future use. Kept intact or in a particular condition. Keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last. Keep constant through physical or chemical reactions or evolutionary change. Documentation
Keeping is the responsibility of a guardian or keeper. The act of retaining something. Supply with necessities and support. Maintain for use and service. Preserve information for retrieval. Conformity or harmony.  Knowledge Keeper
Protecting is to shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage. Shielding (or designed to shield) against harm or discomfort.
Backup is a copy of a file or directory on a separate storage device. Memory - Storage on a electronic memory device.

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Data Storage Types
Knowledge Organization
Knowledge Management

One of our biggest concerns is...

"Will our most important information and knowledge stand the test of time?"

Even if our information and knowledge is saved in digital format, on paper or some how saved in bacteria or in our DNA, there is still no guarantee that the information and knowledge will not be lost or destroyed. One idea would be is to launch multiple unmanned Spacecraft, like the Voyager 1, into space that's programmed to stay within the solar system and programmed to return to earth at 500-year intervals. If we are still here and if the earth is still inhabitable, then the Space Probe would land in a populate area so that it’s information and knowledge can be retrieved. Then people would update the space pod and then send it back out into Space. And if the space pod returns to earths orbit and sees no life because earth has became uninhabitable for whatever reason, then the space pod would leave earths orbit and check other planets in the solar system for signs of life. The space pod would keep doing this as long as it survives. I kind of get this feeling like this has happened already before, besides what we have seen portrayed in some of our sci-fi movies with Extra Terrestrial's of course.  

Information Destruction throughout History: Info-Graphic (not including the suppression of valuable information)

History
Academic Papers
Library Science

Digital Preservation is a formal endeavor to ensure that digital information of continuing value remains accessible and usable. It involves planning, resource allocation, and application of preservation methods and technologies, and it combines policies, strategies and actions to ensure access to reformatted and "born-digital" content, regardless of the challenges of media failure and technological change. The goal of digital preservation is the accurate rendering of authenticated content over time.

Computer Data Storage is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media used to retain digital data. It is a core function and fundamental component of computers.

Digital Curation is the selection, preservation, maintenance, collection and archiving of digital assets. Digital curation establishes, maintains and adds value to repositories of digital data for present and future use. This is often accomplished by archivists, librarians, scientists, historians, and scholars. Enterprises are starting to use digital curation to improve the quality of information and data within their operational and strategic processes. Successful digital curation will mitigate digital obsolescence, keeping the information accessible to users indefinitely.
Content Curation is the process of gathering information relevant to a particular topic or area of interest. Services or people that implement content curation are called curators. Curation services can be used by businesses as well as end users.

Knowledge Ark (wiki)

Knowledge Vault is a knowledge base created by Google. As of 2014, it contained 1.6 billion facts which had been collated automatically from the Internet. Knowledge Vault is a potential successor to Google's Knowledge Graph. The Knowledge Graph pulled in information from structured sources like Freebase, Wikidata and Wikipedia, while the Knowledge Vault is an accumulation of facts from across the entire web, including unstructured sources. "Facts" in Knowledge Vault also include a confidence value, giving the capability of distinguishing between knowledge statements that have a high probability of being true from others that may be less likely to be true (based on the source that Google obtained the data from and other factors).
The concept behind the Knowledge Vault was presented in a paper authored by a Google Research team. Google has indicated that Knowledge Vault is a research paper and not an active product in development, as of August 2014.
Long Now Long-Term Thinking
Archive Team
Internet Archive is a non-profit library of millions of free books, movies, software, music, websites, and more.
Preservation library and archival science (wiki)

Cryptosteel Cold Storage Wallet

Déjà vu
Jamais vu
One Earth Message

Biogenesis is the production of new living organisms or organelles. Cells
Evolution
Rosetta Disk

Manual for Civilization

Encyclopedia Galactica
Digital Amnesia (Bregtje van der Haak, VPRO) (youtube)

The End of Memory: A good Film Directed by Vincent Amouroux and Produced by ARTE France - ZED / Diff : ARTE
Documentary, France, 2014, 52 min.. This film is a scientific investigation about the challenges of memory storage and the
short lifespan of current storage formats.

Big Data

File Format is a standard way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file. It specifies how bits are used to encode information in a digital storage medium.
Analog Signal has a theoretically infinite resolution. In practice an analog signal is subject to electronic noise and distortion introduced by communication channels and signal processing operations, which can progressively degrade the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR).
Noise (electronics)
Noise
Distortion
Channel (communications)
Signal Processing
Data Corruption refers to errors in computer data that occur during writing, reading, storage, transmission, or processing, which introduce unintended changes to the original data.
Filtering


Knowledge Storage Types


Writing on Stone could last 10,000 years.  Stone Carving
Writing on Paper could last 1,000 years (permanent paper without bleaches using acrylic ink)
Wire Recording was the first early magnetic recording technology, an analog type of audio storage in which a magnetic recording is made on thin steel or stainless steel wire. The first crude magnetic recorder was invented in 1898 by Valdemar Poulsen.
Magnetic Tape is a medium for magnetic recording, made of a thin, magnetizable coating on a long, narrow strip of plastic film. (15-30 years)  Nearline Magnetic Tape
Writing on Vinyl could last 50 years.
Writing on a CD could last 20 years.
Data Storage Device
Error Detection and Correction

Data shrunk to a microscopic size is encapsulated between two sapphire disks. Can preserve 10,000 letter pages at 150 dpi or or 2,700 650×850 pictures can be stored preserve personal data for 1000 years! Any magnifying device (200x) is sufficient to access the data saved. (Nanoform)   Li-Fi

Writing on DNA could last over 100,000 years. (maybe someone has already done this millions of years ago?)
ETH Zurich is writing digital information on DNA and then encapsulating it in a protective layer of glass. DNA
DNA Digital Data Storage (wiki)  (Instead of Zero's and Ones we use 4 letters CTAG, SeeTag!) 

Writing on Quartz Stone could last millions of years.
Laser-etched quartz glass will store data for millions of years (Hitachi and Kyoto University's Kiyotaka Miura)

Rewritable Atomic-Scale Memory Storage Device: Little patterns of atoms can be arranged to represent English characters, fitting the content of more than a billion books onto the surface of a stamp. A kilobyte rewritable atomic memory
Nano Technology


Encoding_(memory) is the ability to encode, store and recall information. Memories give an organism the capability to learn and adapt from previous experiences as well as build relationships. Encoding allows the perceived item of use or interest to be converted into a construct that can be stored within the brain[citation needed] and recalled later from short-term or long-term memory. Working memory stores information for immediate use or manipulation which is aided through hooking onto previously archived items already present in the long-term memory of an individual.

Molecular recordings by directed CRISPR spacer acquisition

Abstract: The ability to write a stable record of identified molecular events into a specific genomic locus would enable the examination of long cellular histories and have many applications, ranging from developmental biology to synthetic devices. We show that the type I-E CRISPR-Cas system of E. coli can mediate acquisition of defined pieces of synthetic DNA. We harnessed this feature to generate records of specific DNA sequences into a population of bacterial genomes. We then applied directed evolution to alter the recognition of a protospacer adjacent motif by the Cas1-Cas2 complex, which enabled recording in two modes simultaneously. We used this system to reveal aspects of spacer acquisition, fundamental to the CRISPR-Cas adaptation process. These results lay the foundations of a multimodal intracellular recording device.

For 3 billion years, one of the major carriers of information needed for life, RNA, has had a glitch that creates errors when making copies of genetic information. Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin have developed a fix that allows RNA to accurately proofread for the first time. Certain viruses called retroviruses can cause RNA to make copies of DNA, a process called reverse transcription. This process is notoriously prone to errors because an evolutionary ancestor of all viruses never had the ability to accurately copy genetic material. The new innovation engineered at UT Austin is an enzyme that performs reverse transcription but can also "proofread," or check its work while copying genetic code. The enzyme allows, for the first time, for large amounts of RNA information to be copied with near perfect accuracy.

Maybe we could build a Monolith that could store our most valuable information and knowledge. We could make it out of the same material that could survive deep space and also survive entering a planets atmosphere, and maybe even survive a Black Hole. So I'm thinking, maybe that's the reason our universe is here, because someone has already thought of a way to preserve information in the previous universe. 

Artificial Intelligence 

DNA Knowledge

Humans embryos and sperm would have to be cryogenically frozen and raised during space flight by Ai Robots that would be trained to raise children.

extremophile deinocolus radioduans is an extremophilic bacterium, one of the most radiation-resistant organisms known.

In order to travel in space for hundreds of years to reach a new habitable planet, humans would need to evolve into a different kind of human more suitable for space travel. Eventually humans would look like space aliens with big heads with little bodies. But as long as humans preserve their original DNA in eggs and sperm, they could raise original humans again to adapt in their new world. Again this sounds like it has already happened.
Mammal embryos can develop fully in space

"If life already evolved on another planet before the earth was born, then maybe life on that planet launched a pod into space, like a seed from tree, hoping to land somewhere to grow again, and keep life moving forward."

"When I think about how to preserve our information and knowledge, I can't help but think that someone millions of years ago already solved that problem because we would not be here if they didn't."

"If we ever did lose all our knowledge, and we had to start all over again, we would most likely do the same things and make the same mistakes, all because we did not learn enough, or teach enough."


John Adams Preserve Knowledge Quote


The Thinker Man