is the activity of
protecting something from loss or danger. An occurrence of improvement by
virtue of preventing loss or injury or other change. A process that saves
organic substances from
. The condition of being preserved for future
use. Kept intact or in a particular condition. Keep or maintain in
unaltered condition; cause to remain or last. Keep constant through
physical or chemical reactions or evolutionary change.
of a guardian or keeper. The act of retaining something.
Supply with necessities and support.
Preserve information for retrieval. Conformity or harmony.
is to shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage. Shielding (or designed
to shield) against harm or discomfort.
is a copy of a file or directory on a separate
storage device. Memory
- Storage on
a electronic memory device
Data Storage Types
One of our biggest concerns
"Will our most important information and
knowledge stand the test of time?"
Even if our
is saved in digital format, on paper or some how saved
in bacteria or in our
, there is still no guarantee that the
information and knowledge will not be
lost or destroyed
idea would be is to launch multiple unmanned
, like the
space that's programmed to stay within the solar system and
programmed to return to earth at 500-year intervals.
If we are
still here and if the earth is still inhabitable, then the
would land in a populate area so that it’s information and
knowledge can be retrieved.
Then people would update the space
pod and then send it back out into
. And if the space pod
returns to earths orbit and sees no life because earth has became
uninhabitable for whatever reason, then the space pod would leave earths
orbit and check other planets in the solar system for signs of life. The
space pod would keep doing this as long as it survives. I kind of get this
feeling like this has happened already before, besides what we have seen
portrayed in some of our sci-fi movies with Extra Terrestrial's
of course. Moon
Information Destruction throughout History: Info-Graphic
including the suppression
valuable information) History
is a formal endeavor to ensure that digital information
of continuing value remains accessible and
. It involves planning,
resource allocation, and application of preservation methods and
technologies, and it combines policies, strategies and actions to ensure
access to reformatted and "born-digital" content, regardless of the
challenges of media failure and technological change. The goal of digital
preservation is the accurate rendering of authenticated content over time.
Computer Data Storage
is a technology consisting of computer
components and recording media used to retain digital data. It is a core
function and fundamental component of computers.
is the selection, preservation,
of digital assets. Digital curation establishes, maintains
and adds value to repositories of digital data for present and future use.
This is often accomplished by archivists, librarians, scientists,
historians, and scholars. Enterprises are starting to use digital curation
to improve the quality of information and data within their operational
and strategic processes
. Successful digital curation will mitigate digital
obsolescence, keeping the information accessible to users indefinitely
is the process of gathering information relevant to a particular topic or
area of interest. Services or people that implement content curation are
called curators. Curation services can be used by businesses as well as
is a knowledge base created by Google. As of
2014, it contained 1.6 billion facts which had been collated automatically
from the Internet. Knowledge Vault is a potential successor to Google's
Knowledge Graph. The Knowledge Graph pulled in information from structured
sources like Freebase, Wikidata and Wikipedia
while the Knowledge Vault is an accumulation of facts from across the
entire web, including unstructured sources. "Facts" in Knowledge Vault
also include a confidence value, giving the capability of distinguishing
between knowledge statements that have a high probability of being true
from others that may be less likely to be true (based on the source that
Google obtained the data from and other factors).
The concept behind
the Knowledge Vault was presented in a paper authored by a Google Research
team. Google has indicated that Knowledge Vault is a research paper and
not an active product in development, as of August 2014.
Long Now Long-Term Thinking
is a non-profit library of millions of free books, movies,
software, music, websites, and more.
Preservation library and archival science
Cryptosteel Cold Storage Wallet
is the production of new living
Amnesia (Bregtje van der Haak, VPRO)
The End of Memory:
Film Directed by Vincent Amouroux and Produced by ARTE
France - ZED / Diff : ARTE
Documentary, France, 2014, 52 min.. This film is a scientific
investigation about the challenges of memory storage and the
short lifespan of current storage formats.
is a standard way that information is encoded for storage
in a computer
file. It specifies
how bits are used to encode information in a
has a theoretically infinite resolution. In practice an
analog signal is subject to electronic noise and distortion introduced by
communication channels and signal processing operations, which can
progressively degrade the
refers to errors in computer data that occur during
writing, reading, storage, transmission, or processing, which introduce
unintended changes to the original data.
is a collection of knowledge preserved in such
a way that future generations would have access to said knowledge if
current means of access were lost. Scenarios where availability to
information (such as the Internet) would be lost could be described as
Existential Risks or Extinction Level Events. A knowledge ark could take
the form of a traditional Library or a modern computer database. It could
also include images only (such as photographs of important information, or
diagrams of critical processes). A knowledge ark would have to be
resistant to the effects of natural or man-made disasters to be viable.
Such an ark should include, but would not be limited to, information or
material relevant to the survival and prosperity of human civilization.
Current examples include the Svalbard Global Seed Vault
, a seedbank which
is intended to preserve a wide variety of plant seeds (such as important
crops) in case of their extinction. A Lunar Ark
proposed which would store and transmit valuable information to receiver
stations on Earth. The success of this would also depend on the
availability of compatible receiver equipment on Earth, and adequate
knowledge of that equipment's operation. Other types of knowledge arks
might include genetic material. With the potential for widespread personal
DNA sequencing becoming a reality, an individual might agree to store
their genetic code in a digital or analog storage format which would
enable later retrieval of that code. If a species was sequenced before
extinction, its genome would remain available for study even in the case
Knowledge Storage Types
Writing on Stone
could last 10,000 years.
Writing on Paper
could last 1,000 years (permanent
using acrylic ink)
was the first early magnetic recording technology, an
analog type of audio storage in which a magnetic recording is made on thin
steel or stainless steel wire. The first crude magnetic recorder was
invented in 1898 by Valdemar Poulsen.
is a medium for magnetic recording, made of a thin,
magnetizable coating on a long, narrow strip of plastic film. (15-30
years) Nearline Magnetic Tape
could last 50 years.
Writing on a
could last 20 years.
Data Storage Device
Error Detection and Correction
Data shrunk to a microscopic size is encapsulated between two
. Can preserve 10,000 letter pages at 150 dpi
or or 2,700 650×850 pictures can be stored preserve personal
data for 1000 years!
magnifying device (200x) is sufficient to access the data saved
could last over 100,000 years.
(maybe someone has already done this millions of years ago?)
ETH Zurich is writing digital information on DNA
encapsulating it in a protective layer of glass.
DNA Digital Data Storage
(wiki) (Instead of Zero's and
Ones we use 4 letters CTAG, SeeTag
Writing on Quartz Stone could last millions of years.
Laser-etched quartz glass will store data for millions of years
(Hitachi and Kyoto University's Kiyotaka Miura)
Rewritable Atomic-Scale Memory Storage Device:
Little patterns of
atoms can be arranged to represent English characters, fitting the content
of more than a billion books onto the surface of a stamp.
A kilobyte rewritable atomic memory
) is the ability to encode, store and recall
information. Memories give an organism the capability to learn and adapt
from previous experiences as well as build relationships. Encoding allows
the perceived item of use or interest to be converted into a construct
that can be stored within the brain and recalled later
from short-term or long-term memory.
information for immediate use or manipulation which is aided through
hooking onto previously archived items already present in the long-term
memory of an individual.
Molecular recordings by directed CRISPR spacer acquisition
The ability to write a stable record of identified
molecular events into a specific genomic locus would enable the
examination of long cellular histories and have many
applications, ranging from developmental biology to synthetic
devices. We show that the type I-E CRISPR-Cas system of E.
coli can mediate acquisition of defined pieces of synthetic DNA.
We harnessed this feature to generate records of specific DNA
sequences into a population of bacterial genomes. We then
applied directed evolution to alter the recognition of a
protospacer adjacent motif by the Cas1-Cas2 complex, which
enabled recording in two modes simultaneously. We used this
system to reveal aspects of spacer acquisition, fundamental to
the CRISPR-Cas adaptation process. These results lay the
foundations of a multimodal intracellular recording device.
For 3 billion years, one of the major carriers of information needed for
life, RNA, has had a glitch that creates errors when making copies of
. Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin
have developed a fix that allows RNA to accurately proofread for the first
time. Certain viruses called retroviruses can cause RNA to make copies of
DNA, a process called
. This process is notoriously prone to errors
because an evolutionary ancestor of all viruses never had the ability to
accurately copy genetic material. The new innovation engineered at UT
Austin is an enzyme that performs reverse transcription but can also
"proofread," or check its work while copying genetic code. The enzyme
allows, for the first time, for large amounts of RNA information to be
copied with near perfect accuracy.
Maybe we could build a
that could store our most valuable information and
knowledge. We could make it out of the same material that could
survive deep space and also survive entering a
, and maybe even survive a
. So I'm thinking, maybe that's the reason our
universe is here, because someone has already thought of a way
to preserve information in the previous universe.
Artificial Intelligence DNA Knowledge
Humans embryos and sperm would have to be
and raised during space flight by
would be trained to raise children.
extremophile deinocolus radioduans
bacterium, one of the most
In order to travel in space for hundreds of years to reach a new
habitable planet, humans would need to evolve into a different
kind of human more suitable for
Eventually humans would look like space aliens with big heads
with little bodies. But as long as humans preserve their
original DNA in eggs and sperm, they could raise original humans
again to adapt in their new world. Again this sounds like it has
Mammal embryos can develop fully in space
"If life already evolved on another planet
before the earth was born
, then maybe life on that planet
launched a pod into space, like a seed from tree, hoping to land
somewhere to grow again, and keep life moving forward."
"When I think about how to preserve our information and knowledge, I can't help but
think that someone millions of years ago already solved that
problem because we would not be here if they didn't."
"If we ever did lose all our knowledge, and we had to
start all over again
, we would
most likely do the same things and make the same mistakes, all
because we did not learn enough, or teach enough."
For 20 years, beginning in the 1950s, states
documents to try to protect them. But it caused a chemical
reaction. The natural acids from the paper mixed with the degrading
laminate to create a noxious vinegar. Each passing year will further
degrade the document until it's gone. There are as many as 6 million
laminated historical documents.