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Online Education


Online School Directory - Home Schools - Tutoring - Study Tips

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A Women with Computer Monitor LearningOnline education goes by a lot of different names such as Online Schooling, Online Instruction, Life Long Learning, Online Training, Self-Education, Online Knowledge, Open University, Assignment, Distance Learning Technology, Videotaped Lectures, Web Conferencing, Education on Demand, Teaching on Demand, Learning on Demand, Virtual Education, Online Teaching, E-Learning, Virtual Learning Environment, Knowledge Network, Open Learning, Communal Learning, Electronic Learning, Adult Education, Virtual School, Virtual University, Virtual College, E-College, Off-Campus Site, Independent Learning, Continuing Education, Digital Education, Andragogy, Pedagogy, Massive Open Online Course and more names below.

Things you should know about Education
Homeschooling Pros and Cons
Online Learning or Classroom Learning? (pros and cons)
Entry Testing
Accreditation - Degrees
Higher Education Problems
Sports Exploits
Research and Academic Papers Wasted
Student Negative Feedback
Elective Courses
Open Source Curriculum
What is Learning?
Education Purposes?
Jobs of the Future
Job-Specific Training Programs
Will Machines and Automation Kill Jobs?
Unemployment Rates
Incentives
Education Questions to Ask?


Online Schools Directory




What does taking a course mean?
Does the course make you qualified to perform some particular action that is needed by society? Does it prove that you understand a subject well enough in order to use that knowledge to benefit society? Is the course you took just one of many courses that you need to take in order to create a valuable skill that would benefit society?
What is your Education Purpose? What are some of that questions I need to Ask?


Study Skills - Homework Help


How to Study
How to Study
Tutoring
Study Guides and StrategiesStudy Tips
Study Group (wiki)
Study Skills
Study Skills
Study Techniques
Study Tips
Academic Tips
Social Studying
Study Habits
Study Help
E Notes
Study Methods Flashcards
Cliffs Notes
Success 4 Students
Home Work Help
Brainly Crowd Sourced Homework Help
Homework has to be Beneficial
Brain Mass
Course Hero
Study World
Test Taking Tips
Download Center
College Ruled
Quizlet
Science Math Master
My Homework App
Flashcard Exchange
We Papers
Homework Assignment
Home Work Spot
School Discovery
The Wild Classroom
Study Mode

Education  Extension
College Values (Manuscripts)

Google Sketchup create, modify and share 3D models 2D documents and presentations.

Web Casting Services

Slide Share (Video Based Training) 

keentalks.com?

Test Quiz Questions
Wiziq
indiabix
Jeopardy
J-archive 
Trivia
Education Games


Home School Reasons

Home Schooling


Connections Academy
Calvert Home Schooling
Home School
Home School Curriculum
Enchanted Learning
Home School Reviews
Education Home Stay Programs
Home School Learning
Time 4 Learning
Home School Association
Home Education Research
Homeschool Curriculum (Book)
Homeschooling Handbook
Home School Advocacy
Families for Home Education
AFHE
Family Education
Teaching Family Homes
Teaching at Home
Classical kids
Ct. Homeschool Network
National Home Education Legal Defense
Lessons - Teaching Tools
Teaching Adults

1.7 million students in 2011-12, are home-schooled, males and females.
Pros and Cons of Homeschooling

School on Wheels
Indy School on Wheels
Remote PC, See what the Student Sees 
Information Resources

Education (wiki)


Tutoring


Tutor is an instructor who helps a student that needs extra help learning a subject. Giving a student private lessons, sometimes to learn more or to learn faster then regular class teaching. "A Guide on the Side"
Tutoring Online Free
Tutor VistaTutoring a Student
Tutor Next
Study Hall
Find a Private Tutor
Tutor
Trans Web Tutors
Wyzant Tutoring
Sylvan Learning Centers
Kaplan Tutoring
Edmodo
School Mentors
Mentoring
Bloom's 2 Sigma Problem (wiki)
Tutor Mate Online Literacy Program
Tutor Mentor Connection  Overview
Varsity Tutors Practice Tests
Peer to Peer Learning (wiki)
Language Learning

Open Broadcaster Software (record Screen)

Video-Telephony (wiki)
Google Video Calls
Skype Video Chat
Tango Telepresence
Oovoo Tele-Conferencing
HELLO The Most Advanced Video Communication Device Affordable voice-controlled smart-device.
PC to PC Learning
Watch videos together in different locations
Collaboration Tools
24 - 7 Database Operators

Group Studying

Self Directed Learning
Self-Taught  -  Self Learn


Online Schools Information
Guide to Online Schools
Real Online Degrees
Online Learning Marketplace
Online Schools
Education Online Statistics
Online Schools
Online Search
Universities
Education Degree Source
Financial Aid, Scholarships
International
Education Atlas
Distance Education
Study Beat
Continuing Education Courses
Home Study Courses
Youtube EDU
Degrees Online Programs
Degree Directory
Get Degrees
Degree Jungle
Accelerated Degrees
Academic info
Learn
Distance Learning Assoc.
Distance Learning U
Online Colleges
Udemy
Online Teaching Tips


Open Source Curriculum


The Open Course Ware Consortium is a collaboration of higher education institutions and associated organizations from around the world creating a broad and deep body of open educational content using a shared model.
The Open Education Consortium | The Global Network for Open Education.
Open Source Education Foundation

Default to open: The Story of Open Source and Red Hat (youtube)
Open University Learn (youtube channel) 
Don Tapscott: Four Principles for the Open World (video)  
Electronically Delivered Instruction Guidelines (pdf)
Open Source Curriculum is an online instructional resource that can be freely used, distributed and modified. OSC is based on the open-source practice of creating products or software that opens up access to source materials or codes. Applied to education, this process invites feedback and participation from developers, educators, government officials, students and parents and empowers them to exchange ideas, improve best practices and create world-class curricula. These “development” communities can form ad-hoc, within the same subject area or around a common student need, and allow for a variety of editing and workflow structures.
Open Source Maturity Model is a methodology for assessing Free/Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) and more specifically the FLOSS development process. This methodology is released under the Creative Commons license.
E-learning Maturity Model is a model to assess the capability of electronic educational technology (e-learning) processes.
Course Template (wiki) 
Open Standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process). There is no single definition and interpretations vary with usage.
Open Platform describes a software system which is based on open standards, such as published and fully documented external application programming interfaces (API) that allow using the software to function in other ways than the original programmer intended, without requiring modification of the source code. Using these interfaces, a third party could integrate with the platform to add functionality. The opposite is a closed platform.
Open knowledge is knowledge that one is free to use, reuse, and redistribute without legal, social or technological restriction. Open knowledge is a set of principles and methodologies related to the production and distribution of how knowledge works in an open manner. Knowledge is interpreted broadly to include data, content and general information.
Commons (wikimedia)
Media Wiki
Open Educational Resources (wiki)
Open Educational Resources
Free Open-Source Software Packages
Educational Freeware
Freeware
Funds for Learning E-Rate Guide
E Rate  
E-Books
Open Textbook is a textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. Many open textbooks are distributed in either print, e-book, or audio formats that may be downloaded or purchased at little or no cost.
Open Content Alliance
College Open Textbooks
Libraries
Information Stations
Internet

Open Systems Interconnection is an effort to standardize computer networking that was started in 1977 by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), along with the ITU-T.
Open System is a system that has external interactions. Such interactions can take the form of information, energy, or material transfers into or out of the system boundary, depending on the discipline which defines the concept. An open system is contrasted with the concept of an isolated system which exchanges neither energy, matter, nor information with its environment. An open system is also known as a constant volume system or a flow system.

Open Educational Resources are freely accessible, openly licensed documents and media that are useful for teaching, learning, and assessing as well as for research purposes. It is the leading trend in distance education/open and distance learning domain as a consequence of the openness movement. There is no universal usage of open file formats in OER.
Learning Management System's is a software application for the administration, documentation, tracking, reporting and delivery of electronic educational technology (also called e-learning) courses or training programs.
OpenCourseWare are course lessons created at universities and published for free via the Internet. OCW projects first appeared in the late 1990s, and after gaining traction in Europe and then the United States have become a worldwide means of delivering educational content.
MIT Open Courseware
Homeschooled with MIT coursesOpen Source Word Cloud
Open University
e-Estonia e-School 
Cross Knowledge
Open Source Education
Sharing Open Data
Open Knowledge
Collaboration Tools
School Website Designing Software
Open Learn
Open Standard
Teaching Resources
Open Source Victoria
School Forge
Open Source Initiative 
NOUNZ Generated Knowledge Repository
Nonags Cape-Open Based
Educational Freeware
Bloomboard
Open Umich
Online Platform for Taylor & Francis Group
O’Reilly Media
Knowledge Management in Education
ISKME (wiki)   KM
Open Syllabus Project
Open Syllabus Project
Open Source Project
Open Source Software
Open Content

Open Government - Accountable

Open system (computing), one of a class of computers and associated software that provides some combination of interoperability, portability and open software standards, particularly Unix and Unix-like systems
Open system (systems theory), in the natural and social sciences, a process that exchanges material, energy, people, capital or information with its environment
Open system (thermodynamics), in thermodynamics and physics, a system where matter and energy can enter or leave, in contrast to a closed system where energy can enter or leave but matter can not.
Open system (control theory), a feed-forward system that does not have any feedback loop to control its output in a control system.
Open system, in management science is a system that is capable of self-maintenance on the basis of throughput of resources from the environment
Open and closed system in social science are systems that allow interactions between their internal elements and the environment. An open system is defined as a “system in exchange of matter with its environment, presenting import and export, building-up and breaking-down of its material components.
Open system of learning, where information is sourced from multiple sources.
Open-system environment reference model, is having open (public), consensus-based forums.
Open Distribution system (Example: Peer-to-peer file sharing system)

Learning Methods

OER Commons Professional Learning programs support instructors and curriculum specialists to gain the necessary skills required to find, adapt, and evaluate high quality open materials.
Copyrights 
Open-source software for volunteer computing, Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing

Online Learning and Teaching Platforms
Moodle Open Learning
6 Free Platforms for Teaching Online
Udemy
R Campus
odijoo
Sophia
Learnopia
Learning Management System
Peer 2 Peer University


Entry Testing


Demonstrating Proficiency and Knowledge in an area of Study.
Credit by Examination Tests, Competency Based Education and Training.

Prior Learning can occur outside of traditional classrooms and course work. Many schools will accept a test as evidence that you understand the course. This means if they do, you won't have to sit in class, pay for tuition and spend your time on topics you already understand. Many of the courses you can test out of may be general electives or special courses.

Today, of the roughly 3,000 four-year colleges and universities in America make SAT or ACT submissions optional.   

College Admission Counseling
College Board 

A Correspondence Course is an academic class that students can take anywhere without having to physically be present in the school. Assignments, essays and projects are sent to the student, and when finished, they are then sent back to teachers or professors for grading.

Women at Her Desk in Front of a Computer Entrance Examination is an examination that many educational institutions use to select students for admission. These exams may be administered at any level of education, from primary to higher education, although they are more common at higher levels.
Advanced Placement Exams or AP Tests are the culmination of year-long Advanced Placement (AP) courses. All but one of the AP exams combine multiple-choice questions with a free-response section in either essay or problem-solving format.
Advanced Placement is a program which offers college-level curricula and examinations to high school students.
College Level Examination Program assess college-level knowledge in thirty-six subject areas and provide a mechanism for earning college credits without taking college courses.
Admission Tests List of standardized tests that students may need to take for admissions to various Universities and Colleges.
Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination was an annual engineering college entrance examination in India.
DSST Standardized Test is an extensive series of 30+ examinations in college subject areas that are comparable to the final or end-of-course examinations in undergraduate college courses. 
ACT Test abbreviation of American College Testing, is a college readiness assessment, a standardized test for high school achievement and college admissions in the United States produced by ACT, a nonprofit of the same name.

Articulation (education) is the process of comparing the content of courses that are transferred between postsecondary institutions such as TAFE institutes, colleges or universities. In other words, course articulation is the process by which one institution matches its courses or requirements to course work completed at another institution. Students use course articulation to assure that courses they complete will not have to be repeated at the institution to which they are transferring.

Career Aptitude Test

SAT Scholastic Aptitude Test or Scholastic Assessment Test, assess a student's readiness for college.
GRE is a standardized test that is an admissions requirement for most Graduate Schools in the United States.

High School Diploma General Educational Development (GED) are a group of four subject tests that measure proficiency in science, mathematics, social studies, reading, and writing. When passed, provide certification that the test taker has American or Canadian high school-level academic skills.

Remedial Education as developmental education, basic skills education, compensatory education, preparatory education, and academic upgrading) is signed to assist students in order to achieve expected competencies in core academic skills such as literacy and numeracy.

College Degree or academic degree, is a qualification awarded on successful completion of a course of study in higher education, normally at a college or university.

Elderly Couple with a Computer Practice Tests
Practice Tests 
Testing Failures

College Transfer
Transfer Credit
College Readiness Information

Get College Credit
Test Drive College
Post your Test


Accredited ?


Be Very Aware
that some online academic degrees are fraudulent and that every state varies in terms of what degrees they will accept. Make sure your online academic school is Accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education. Please find out what your professional licensure requirements are before taking courses. And remember that Accreditation is not a measurement of worth or need. 

Certification and Accreditation is a process for implementing any formal process. It is a systematic procedure for evaluating, describing, testing and authorizing systems or activities prior to or after a system is in operation. The C&A process is used extensively across the world.
Accreditation is the process in which certification of competency, authority, or credibility is presented. Organizations that issue credentials or certify third parties against official standards are themselves formally accredited by accreditation bodies (such as UKAS); hence they are sometimes known as "accredited certification bodies". The accreditation process ensures that their certification practices are acceptable, typically meaning that they are competent to test and certify third parties, behave ethically and employ suitable quality assurance.
Certification refers to the confirmation of certain characteristics of an object, person, or organization. This confirmation is often, but not always, provided by some form of external review, education, assessment, or audit. Accreditation is a specific organization's process of certification.
Credentials is an attestation of qualification, competence, or authority issued to an individual by a third party with a relevant or de facto authority or assumed competence to do so. Examples of credentials include academic diplomas, academic degrees, certifications, security clearances, identification documents, badges, passwords, user names, keys, powers of attorney, and so on. Sometimes publications, such as scientific papers or books, may be viewed as similar to credentials by some people, especially if the publication was peer reviewed or made in a well-known journal or reputable publisher.

Academic Degree is a qualification awarded on successful completion of a course of study in higher education, normally at a college or university.
Major (academic) is the academic discipline to which an undergraduate student formally commits. A student who successfully completes all courses established in an academic major qualifies for an undergraduate degree. The word "major" is also sometimes used administratively to refer to the academic discipline pursued by a graduate student or postgraduate student in a master's or doctoral program. The term may also apply to a focused field of an academic discipline that a student chooses at the doctoral studies level.
Master's Degree is a second-cycle academic degree awarded by universities upon completion of a course of study demonstrating mastery or a high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice. A master's degree normally requires previous study at the bachelor's level, either as a separate degree or as part of an integrated course. Within the area studied, master's graduates are expected to possess advanced knowledge of a specialized body of theoretical and applied topics; high order skills in analysis, critical evaluation, or professional application; and the ability to solve complex problems and think rigorously and independently. Research

License means to give permission as well as to the document recording that permission. A license may be granted by a party ("licensor") to another party ("licensee") as an element of an agreement between those parties. A shorthand definition of a license is "an authorization (by the licensor) to use the licensed material (by the licensee)."
Occupational Licensing is a form of government regulation requiring a license to pursue a particular profession or vocation for
compensation. Professions that can have a large negative effect on individuals, like physicians and lawyers, require occupational licenses in most developed countries, but many jurisdictions also require licenses for professions without that possibility, like plumbers, taxi drivers, and electricians. Licensing creates a regulatory barrier to entry into licensed occupations, and this results in higher income for those with licenses and usually higher costs for consumers. Licensing advocates argue that it protects the public interest by keeping incompetent and unscrupulous individuals from working with the public. However, there is little evidence that it affects the overall quality of services provided to customers by members of the regulated occupation.

Professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified professional activity. The term also describes the standards of education and training that prepare members of the profession with the particular knowledge and skills necessary to perform their specific role within that profession. In addition, most professionals are subject to strict codes of conduct, enshrining rigorous ethical and moral obligations. Professional standards of practice and ethics for a particular field are typically agreed upon and maintained through widely recognized professional associations, such as the IEEE. Some definitions of "professional" limit this term to those professions that serve some important aspect of public interest  and the general good of society.
Expert

Adjunct Professor is an academic rank below the highest level of professorship.
Doctor of Education is a doctoral degree that has a research focus in the field of education. It prepares the holder for academic, research, administrative, clinical or professional positions in educational, civil, private organizations or public institutions.
Terminal Degree is either highest on the academic track or highest on the professional track in a given field of study.
Honorary Degree is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, a dissertation and the passing of comprehensive examinations.

Undergraduate Education is the post-secondary education previous to the postgraduate education. It includes all the academic programs up to the level of a bachelor's degree. For example, in the United States an entry level university student is known as an undergraduate, while students of higher degrees are known as graduates. In some other educational systems and subjects, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a master's degree; this is the case for some science courses in Britain and some medicine courses in Europe.

Postgraduate Education involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education. In North America, this level is generally referred to as graduate school.


Just because it's credited course does not mean that the course is right for you or even important to your goals. Credited does not mean that the course will benefit you. Credited does not mean that you could have learned this information on your own. Credited means that you are simply buying a piece of paper that only proves that you paid someone else to help you acquire some information, and not that you fully understand how to correctly use this information to solve problems. A person does not need a piece of paper to work or to make a difference. If someone only excepts that piece of paper then they are in on the crime and in on the fraud. You simply paid your way in instead of earning your way in. There is no difference between a credited course and someone who self taught themselves. But proving that to an employer may be difficult, but not impossible.

Accreditation Standards themselves are not accredited or certified. They might say they are, and they might have someone's stamp of approval, but that does not guarantee quality or accuracy. Too many people are mislead, and these are the people who are supposed to be educating you. Unless you can review the guidelines and standards that are used in determining accreditation, and you fully understand them, there's no way to verify the quality or the accuracy of an accreditation.

Accreditation Standards (PDF)
Resuscitation Guidelines for Accredited Training Course Videos (PDF)
Nice - National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
Guidelines and Principles for Accreditation of Programs in Professional Psychology: Quick Reference Guide to Doctoral Programs

Private Boarding Schools are not regularly inspected and are not required to be licensed or accredited, so be very aware because these schools can be more abusive then public schools.

Non-Credit Course - Academic Credit - College Credit
Non-credit course sounds like an oxymoron, where's the value?

Credit - Approval:
Recognition by a college or university that a course of studies has been successfully completed; typically measured in semester hours. Ascribe an achievement to. Give someone credit for something. Have trust in; trust in the truth or veracity of.

Semester Hour:
AA unit of academic credit; one hour a week for an academic semester.  
Course Credit
Certificate of Secondary Education

Credible:
Capable of being believed or trustworthy. Appearing to merit belief or acceptance.
Valid -  Expert

Recognition:
Generally approved or compelling recognition. Provided with a secure reputation. The state or quality of being recognized or acknowledged.

Support:
Establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts. Support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm
Something providing immaterial assistance to a person or cause or interest. Give moral or psychological support, aid, or courage to. Supporting structure that holds up or provides a foundation. The act of bearing the weight of or strengthening.

Justify:
Show to be reasonable or provide adequate ground for. A rational motive for a belief or action. Instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject. Purpose

Reason:
The capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination. The state of having good sense and sound judgment. A justification for something existing or happening. A fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion. Think logically. Capable of or reflecting the capability for correct and valid reasoning. Based on known statements or events or conditions. Capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner.  Reasoning

News about Certifications
Veteran teacher Ann Marie Corgill, Alabama's reigning Teacher of the Year says she has resigned after state officials told her she's unqualified to teach in her fifth-grade classroom because of certification issues, despite her well-documented accomplishments. Corgill has Class A and B certifications to teach primary school through third grade.


Elective Courses - Required Courses

Course is a unit of teaching that typically lasts one academic term, is led by one or more instructors (teachers or professors), and has a fixed roster of students. It is usually an individual subject. Students may receive a grade and academic credit after completion of the course.
Course Credit has the same danger as giving awards or a medal. Someone assigns value to something, but they do not tell you how they calculated the value, whether it is a course credit, or a trophy, or a medal, or an award, or money, or an art work. A False Sense of Worth, what kind of education is that?

An elective course is one chosen by a student from a number of optional subjects or courses in a curriculum, as opposed to a required course which the student must take. While required courses (sometimes called "core courses" or "general education courses") are deemed essential for an academic degree, elective courses tend to be more specialized. Elective courses usually have fewer students than the required courses.  So are schools are discouraging Self-Directed Learning??

Homework

Typically, North American universities require students to achieve both the Understanding of knowledge across disciplines and the depth of knowledge in a particular chosen subject area, known as a major. Thus, students of the Arts or Humanities are required to take some science courses, and vice versa. Normally, students are free to choose their particular electives from among a wide range of courses offered by their university, as long as the students possess the prerequisite knowledge to understand the subject matter being taught. An English major, for example, might also study one or two years of chemistry, biology or physics as well as mathematics and a foreign language.  

Simultaneous Subject Teaching

An elective represents a unique opportunity for medical students, allowing them to experience healthcare in a setting unfamiliar to that in which they are accustomed to studying, and also provides the opportunity for medical students to develop their skills by observing and participating in healthcare overseas. Classically, students embark on elective placements abroad, often in the developing world, or other countries where scientific, social, economic or cultural standards differ from those found in the country where the student's medical school is situated. However, as electives can be expensive, some students opt for elective placements in the same country as their university. Aside from providing experience of differing practices, electives also allow students to encounter medical conditions they are less used to seeing at home. In addition, students often retrospectively describe how their placements broadened their horizons with regards to the social issues affecting healthcare in developing countries.

Elective (medical)

As longs as every student knows what the most valuable knowledge and skills are, that are needed to learn, they should be given choices and options, and be given the flexibility to learn about something that they feel like learning about.

""Your major should be "How not to be Ignorant 101"



Homeschooling or Classroom Schooling  (pros and cons)

Home Schooling has many advantages, like learning what you need to learn, and learning when you want to learn, and not having to wake up early, not having to fight over homework, not having to run back and forth to school, not having to pack lunches, not having to stress over school uniforms, or whether you conform or stick to your beliefs, and it also offers the flexibility of being able to travel when you want and spend more time with family. Teachers struggle with too little resources, too much testing, too little time and too many rules. The system is not only failing the students, but it's failing the teachers too. 

Pros
Flexible instructional pace and flexible class participation.
Elimination of barriers of time and space.
Cost-effectiveness of online courses.
Electronic research availability (digital libraries and online databases).
A well-designed online course makes it easy for students to navigate and find the adequate information.

Cons

none

Feedback from an instructor can be done by Online Tutors or Ai Avatars.
Technical support from an instructor can also be done by Online Tutors or Ai Avatars.
Self-regulation and self-motivation can be taught using Computerized Lessons.
Sense of isolation or lack of interpersonal communication and interactions among students can be easily overcome by online communities and online support. We can also teach students how to deal with isolation and lack of human interactions.

In the first 5 years of a child's life, the main thing that a parent needs to teach their child, is how to be a self directed learner. Every child needs to fully understand the responsibility of learning, and understand the importance of learning. Then you must provide students with the most valuable knowledge and information available, and any tools that you can find that would help them succeed in learning. You need to do this even if your child does go to school.

For students who find a traditional classroom setting to be unsatisfactory, like children who may have health issues, or experience war or other violence, or students who are gifted, home schooling is the best choice for self-directed learning activities that allow the student to be self-reliant and learn at their own pace.  (Low-Hanging Fruit)

Captain Fantastic (2016 Film) (I don't agree with everything that was said and done in the movie, but it does give you some idea about the many benefits of educating kids at home in a reality based setting)

Top Dog - Bottom Dog" phenomenon Evidence on Bullying, Safety, and Belonging. Students reported better learning environments as top dogs than as middle and bottom dogs.

Teaching Machines and Computerized Learning Advantages
Lower long-term costs, instant feedback to students, greater flexibility with respect to location and timing, improved reliability (machine marking is much more reliable than human marking) improved impartiality (machine marking does not 'know' the students so does not favour nor make allowances for minor errors) Greater storage efficiency - tens of thousands of answer scripts can be stored on a computer compared to the physical space required for paper scripts. Enhanced question styles which incorporate interactivity and multimedia..

Online Learning or Classroom Learning (pros and cons)

To answer this question accurately, you first have to determine these contributing factors.

1: How effective and efficient the teaching methods are?
2: How accurate is the testing, the assessing and the measuring?
3: How good is the Support? (tutoring or guidance) Teaching Adults
4: Is the student studying a subject at the right time in their education timeline? Sequence Learning
5: Can the course be modified for the students particular learning style Differentiated Instruction
6: Can the course be modified for the students particular learning abilitiesPersonalized Learning   Hope PC
7: Can the course be modified for the students particular skill level and knowledge level?
8: Will taking this course absolutely benefit the student?  Education Questions
9: In what ways will the student benefit from this knowledge and information?
10: And can these benefits be measured using real life scenarios?
11: What is the true cost of taking this course? (Not the price)
12: Will employers recognize your education as being valid and valuable? Will the Student? Will anyone else?
13: If this is a task specific course, or a specialized course that enhances mostly one particular skill, then what are the prerequisites? And what is the final goal of this knowledge and skill?  Career Questions
114: Will other courses be necessary after completing these courses? What are they?

Most schools fail in these areas, whether you're in a classroom or online. An online course is Convenient and flexible, but those two benefits are irrelevant if the course is ineffective in teaching the person valuable skills at a proficient level. Schools, colleges and universities make outrageous claims on why classroom teaching is better then online learning. But the reasons they give mostly proves one thing, that the education that they received was inadequate. Because the research and the premise is flawed, just like the school they attended. Don't take me wrong about schools, schools, colleges and universities are absolutely necessary. This is about effectiveness, efficiency and the cost. And we are not just talking about the price, but the actual cost, True Cost is something that schools don't teach students, because if they did, students would then be able to accurately calculate the true cost of the school that they are attending, and would most likely see the deficiencies and start looking for a better school. And also, the process of calculating actual cost would also reveal corruption, waste and abuse, which are more
things that schools and politicians are afraid of people learning.

When attending a school, you are most likely to be cut off from the real world and be boxed in. But online you have a much better chance to connect to the real world because of all the resources, knowledge and information that you can access.

The number of home-schooled students jumped nationwide to about 1.7 million between 2003 and 2012, they still represent just over 3 percent of all students. But of course this does not include the number of students who have to do school work at home. So even if you go to a school, most of your learning will happen when you're not in school. We still need schools, but we still need to improve schools a whole lot more, because the main reasons why parents need to home school their children is because there are very few good quality schools for the children to attend near where they live.

An estimated 5 million to 7.5 million U.S. students miss nearly a month of school each year. This is not an Attendance problem, this is a school failing to teach a student and then blaming it on the child for not showing up. You are paid to transfer knowledge and information, and it's supposed to be valuable knowledge and skills, but most of what schools teach has little value today.
Some schools make learning more difficult on purpose, forcing students to think that they need to try harder, when what they really need to do is to learn how to learn more effectively and efficiently, and then learn what knowledge, skills and information is the most valuable to their particular needs, at this particular moment in their life.

Talk-and-Chalk - Sage on the Stage: One who imparts knowledge by lecturing to an audience. 

Online Videos

Employers will say that you need a credited degree, but they know that is discrimination and a very ignorant way to measure a persons ability and potential. So this is another problem that education must solve. A Gallup Poll revealed that 85% of Americans and 89% of business leaders believe that recent graduates don't have the necessary skills and competencies to succeed in modern workplaces. So almost everyone knows that American education in inadequate and dysfunctional, so what are we waiting for? We have to improve education.  

Education Questions to Ask?
Education Purposes?

And what is the modern workplace? The modern workplace is another word for Earth, or you could say that it's another word to describe our current state, or our current Reality.

A gifted and talented 10 year old who is self taught, considers his school to be slow and boring, but he likes going to school because he gets to spend time with his friends. Kids don't go to school to become intelligent, why?

So the bottom line is, when comparing a school to an online school you have to first say "Which School? Which Online Course? And then answer those 14 other key questions. Online courses have many benefits, they allow for learning in distant or disadvantaged locations, which would be a life saver for millions of people. But if you don't have access to a computer, or have access to the internet, then you're screwed. That means you are forced to find a quality school or other facility that will teach you.

We know now what needs to be done.

MOOC

A University of Pennsylvania study of 1 million MOOC users who participated in 16 of the school’s Coursera classes, for example, found that only about half of the registrants viewed even a single online lecture and that the average completion rate was just 4 percent. UPenn study, a majority of those registering for the free classes (between 70 and 80 percent) already had college degrees. That’s about double the rate of the U.S. population at large. And in other parts of the world—where free online college classes were envisioned as tools of social mobility—the portion of already-educated students was even more dramatic. Last year, a piece of commentary that ran in The Times cited a study showing that in countries such as Brazil, China, India, Russia, and South Africa—where just 5 percent of residents have college degrees—more than 80 percent of MOOC students had one.

Democratizing education? Examining access and usage patterns in massive open online courses

Educated people usually seek more education, no kidding. Is it because they realize that they don't know enough?
I wonder how that happened?

Yale University is now offering some courses online for free. These courses are great examples on how we can bring more education to more people. These courses are not complete and most of the knowledge needed to complete your understanding
of these courses must be done on your own through research and discussions. The more I learn about what is being taught in schools and universities is that the quality of these teachings is only as good as the person teaching it. So improving teachers
will definitely help improve our education as long as you improve the curriculum too.  

Yale Courses
Yale on YouTube 

"School is not just a place where you go to learn, school is any place where you want to learn. Learning to teach yourself not only gives you more freedom and more choices, it gives you unlimited potential."  

Part-time Learner in Higher Education (wiki)

"Whether you're learning in a classroom, online, or anywhere else, the goal is to learn the right things at the right time."

Lincoln famously wrote in 1855. “It is a small matter whether you read with any one or not; I did not read with anyone...always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is more important than any other one thing.”


Today, only four states — California, Virginia, Vermont, and Washington — allow aspiring lawyers to take the Bar Exam without going to law school. Of the 60 apprentices who took the bar exam last year, only 17 (28%) passed, gauged with an average pass rate of 73% for students who attended ABA-approved universities. Is this Teaching to the Test, or just Bad Studying, or Better Access to knowledge? Of course passing the Bar Exam will not make you a good lawyer.  In 2014, out of 83,963 bar exam takers, only 60 were apprentices. A mere 17 succeeded in passing the bar exam and becoming eligible to practice law.
The California Bar Exam is harder with only 54.3% passing rate, but Montana, Utah, Minnesota have easier Bar Exams with a passing rate 87.0%. Having a law degree increases your chances of passing a Bar Exam. If this is Teaching to the Test then how do the schools know what's on the test? If each state has it's own test, then what are the differences?







Higher Education Reform


America has the lowest college completion rate in the developed world, at least among the 18 countries tracked by the
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Only 55 percent of first-time undergraduates who matriculated in the fall of 2008 finished a degree within six years, versus 56.1 percent of those who began in fall 2007. According to a new report from the National Student Clearinghouse Research Center, barely half, 52.9 percent, of students who enrolled in fall 2009 had earned a bachelor’s or associate degree six years later. That’s down from a completion rate of 56.1 percent for the students who enrolled in 2007. (Graduation rates were especially low for students at for-profit colleges.) In our community colleges, 80 percent don't get a college degree. The chief reason is that 70 percent fail remedial math. And even in our four-year colleges, 40 percent don't get B.A.s [after 6 years]. And the biggest reason is they fail freshman math.

Between 40% and 60% of first-year college students in the United States require remedial help in English, math, or both. Costing students and their families in all 50 states close to $1.3 billion each year. Schools should have taught this in high school, schools are failing everyone tremendously.

Achievement Gap
High School Dropout Rates

Graduation Rates

“The reality is that our system of higher education costs too much, takes too long, and graduates too few.”

Even if you do graduate, getting a job is not a guarantee.
Even if you do graduate, this doesn't mean that you have the necessary skills to work for a particular employer.

Higher education, or going to college or to a university is not a waste of time, because there are many benefits that come
from continuing your education. Studies have shown that college graduates are healthier and are less likely to get divorced. College graduates also earn more money and have more job opportunities. But of course this is not say that college graduates do good things with the money they earn, or don't earn, or does it say that the jobs they performed actually made a difference in the world, because to many graduates add to the slow decline of our species, and they also do more harm then good to our world. And they don't even know this because they had an inadequate education. When you ask a college student why they want to go to college, most of them answer to make money and to get a good job. But what students should be saying is that the main reason to go to college is to make improvements to the world, and to make a difference. Too many Colleges and Universities make outrageous claims about what kind of benefits students will get, but once you ask them exactly how they will accomplish some of those claims, you will find out they have no idea.  

How many schools are there?

Most kids give the same reason for going to college, which is to make money. That means they proved one thing, that they were ignorant before they even started college. Money is not a reason, making a difference in the world is a reason. So how do you plan to improve the world? Will the knowledge and skills that you're seeking provide you with the tools to achieve your goals? If the reason is to get a better job, then will the job you get make a difference in the world? If the reason is to have more opportunities, then what opportunities are you seeking that are proven to make a difference?

Professors in Poverty • Brave New Films (youtube)

Adjunct Professor type of professors and faculty (academic staff) in higher education, at an academic rank below the highest level of professorship.
Paraprofessional Educator is a teaching-related position within a school generally responsible for specialized or concentrated assistance for students in elementary and secondary schools. Paraprofessional educators generally assist teachers in the classroom, supervise students outside of the classroom, or provide administrative support for teaching. Job duties range from filling teaching positions to supplementing regular classroom curriculum with additional enrichment activities for students. Other positions include classroom aides, special education aides, school library technical assistants, and tutors. Provide one-on-one tutoring if such tutoring is scheduled at a time when a student would not otherwise receive instruction from a teacher, Assist with classroom management, such as by organizing instructional materials, Provide instructional assistance in a computer laboratory, Conduct parental involvement activities, Provide instructional support in a library or media center, Act as a translator, or Provide instructional support services under the direct supervision of a highly qualified teacher.

Stipend is a form of salary, such as for an internship or apprenticeship. It is often distinct from a wage or a salary because it does not necessarily represent payment for work performed; instead it represents a payment that enables somebody to be exempt partly or wholly from waged or salaried employment in order to undertake a role that is normally unpaid or voluntary, or which cannot be measured in terms of a task. Stipends are usually lower than what would be expected as a permanent salary for similar work,  because sometimes the stipend is complemented by other benefits such as accreditation, instruction, food, and/or accommodation.

Todays schools should not be allowed to use the word "education" when describing what they do, they should just call it job training. This way everyone would know that they still need education and knowledge, and not some form of Re-education.

90% of College Graduates are only educated enough to get a particular job. People with degrees are not educated enough to fully understand the world and the system on which they feed. So they will never have the abilities to improve society, or will they ever be aware of the damage that they are doing to themselves and the world around them. Providing a service to people should never include killing people, polluting the water or destroying the land. College Grads need to look at the entire scope of their life and all of its impacts. And they should at the least have enough skills to do that, hopefully. 
Count the Things that Matter

Schools say they teach good work skills and good work ethics, but they don't. This is a fraudulent marketing technique to scam students and parents out of their money, and at the same time, give them an inadequate education. You should ask schools where in the curriculum does this knowledge come from? And how do you test for these skills? Schools are lying. I guess that's part of the lesson. Schools are letting you know that there are people in the world that will say anything to take your money. What fools have we become.

"Todays Education is like connecting a wire to a light bulb but never turning the light on."

70% of colleges now offer courses online. This is higher educations last attempt to take your money, or, their last attempt to control you by giving you student loan debt. You have to remember that 99% of Universities and Community Colleges are only interested money, they are not interested in your future, unless that future is about them getting more money from you, or about creating more ways of controlling your behavior. That seems to be the whole point of this dysfunctional education system that we have, which is to keep students ignorant to the truth, a truth that even the people in power don't have, because if they did, we would not be in this mess.  "This is not to discourage you from learning, this is about awareness"

"That's not mapping your future, that's just a con game, and life is not a con game."

How an oversupply of PhDs could threaten American science
Bad News for the class of 2008
Higher Ed Info


School Financial Aid Scam and Corruption

The U.S. Department of Education is forecast to generate $127 billion in profit over the next decade from lending to college students and their families, according to the Congressional Budget Office.  (Conflict of Interest)

Stealing Money
The federal government should not profit off the backs of students. "That is obscene." - U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren
Alumni Now Owe Trillions: How Debt and Money is used to Control and Manipulate People
Student Financial Aid in the United States (wiki)
Scams

The average cost of a higher education in the U.S. is more than $128,000 at a private school, $96,000 for out-of-state residents attending public universities and about $40,000 for in-state residents at those same public universities, that is not excluding costs of living or other student loans.  And what you get is a job and a life filled with lies...

I finally paid of my student loans, and I'm only 68

A guy with $170,000 in student loans, who can't find a job in the legal profession, is suing his law school, now there's a person who knows how to use a degree.

The skyrocketing cost of college is forcing an alarming number of students to go hungry. A 2016 study of all of the University of California campuses revealed that over 40% of UC students report either low or very low food security.
Food Security Commission Staff of the University of California

Sophism is using the techniques of philosophy and rhetoric for the purpose of teaching arete—"excellence" or "virtue"—predominantly to young statesmen and nobility. The practice of charging money for education and providing wisdom only to those who could pay led to the condemnations made by Socrates (as he is portrayed by Plato in his dialogues) as well as Xenophon's Memorabilia. Through works such as these, Sophists were portrayed as "specious" or "deceptive", hence the modern meaning of the term.

In the last 10 years 300 Billion of taxpayer dollars from Pell Grants went to college students who never end up with a diploma, only 40 percent Pell recipients graduate, the national average is 60 percent. So we allow colleges and universities to steal money, not surprised, that's one of the things schools teach, is how to steal. But even with a diploma you are still not learning enough? Schools steal, Schools don't teach enough, so what's the lesson here? Your education system is dysfunctional, corrupt and inadequate. The investment in education is only valuable when the education is valuable, and a guarantee. How can you take money to educate someone and then end up not educating them?

John Oliver: School for Profit Student Debt (HBO) (youtube)
Ivy League Admissions are a Sham

IVORY TOWER (2014) (youtube)
Ivory Tower (wiki)

The Higher Education Bubble (youtube)

Majority of College Kids Go Hungry—Even With Jobs and Financial Aid. Over half of college students are facing food insecurity despite assistance programs.

If there's a tech skills shortage, why are so many computer graduates unemployed? The IT services firm Cognizant hired 18,000 foreign workers on H-1B visas and very few domestic employees in the US. Demand for digital skills is forecast to continue to grow, but defining what those skills are and how to teach them needs to be addressed now, today.

Not only do colleges and Universities steal students money, but when the students walk away in disgust, the schools then stab the students in the back with student debt. And on top of that, the schools do not teach enough knowledge and skills in order for students to do the work that they would like to do. This is a scam, because colleges failed to deliver what they promised, which is educated intellectuals who are prepared for the challenges of life, and have the ability to solve every problem on the planet. Money is just a tool, it does not calculate the true value of the knowledge and skills being taught. And of course schools are not going to teach students just how ignorant the system is, so students will not have the necessary knowledge and information in order to fix this problem. The cycle of ignorance continues.  

Higher Education Act of 1965 (wiki)

Why does Money stop poor students from getting a quality education? Because there is no such thing as a quality education, just yet. When we finally develop a high quality education, then we will have an education system controlled by intelligence instead of
money. Our education system is not just rigged and corrupt, it is inadequate and dysfunctional.

TRUE MERIT Ensuring Our Brightest Students Have Access to Our Best Colleges and Universities

Only a third of college students graduate within four years, and many never finish. And the ones who do finish, do not even know what being finished means. Do you think that you know enough?  Did you get your money's worth?
That's a fargen trick question.

Why does renting a place to live sometimes cost more than Tuition?  There's a good subject to teach.
The pay gap between men and women is more about corruption. There's a good subject to teach.
Just saying that college students earn more money does not say that there work is making a difference, or what they do with their money. Are they contributing to the slow decline of the world, or are they really making a difference? There's a good subject to teach.  

Piagetian Programs in Higher Education, ADAPT Program 1975 (PDF)

Academically Adrift (Book on Amazon)
The authors of Academically Adrift find that in the first two years of college, with a large sample of more than 2,300 students, we observe no statistically significant gains in critical thinking, complex reasoning and writing skills for at least 45 percent of the students in our study. If education does not teach students how to solve the problems that they will face, then that's not education, that's retardation. Education does not erase the wealth divide, or erase racism, because education itself does not address these problems. So students will never be able to solve these problems unless they learn how to solve them. Put that in your curriculum.

Retardation:
A decrease in rate of change. The extent to which something is delayed or held back. Any agent that retards or delays or hinders. Lack of normal development of intellectual capacities. The act of slowing down or falling behind.  
Education Undermatching


Invest
The future of education and training is about investment, because people are the investment. Businesses invest, banks invest, people invest, so investing is nothing new. But now we need to invest in people, and invest in the communities where they live and work. We can't force students to pay for education when there is no guarantee that their education will be used effectively, or that their education will be used to benefit society. A college graduate should not be dependent on other people for jobs. College graduates should instead be independent and free to make their own decisions, decisions that are better then the ones being made now. That is how society improves, that is how society solves problems. We need to make improvements on how we train and educate our work force, because the current system is failing horribly, which is costing peoples lives, and degrading the health and stability of our planet.

Invest:
Give qualities or abilities to. Furnish with power or authority. Possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done. The commitment of something other than money (time, energy, or effort) to a project with the expectation of some worthwhile result. Freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities.

To say that students need a college degree is a lie. What students need is a job that will also give them time to earn a degree. On the Job Training is nothing new, just look at the military. And there's your other problem. If everyone is educated then who's going to fight the wars? Well if everyone is educated then there will be no need for wars. Do you see corporations going to war against other corporations? Do you see corporations killing each other on the battle field using deadly weapons, no, because corporations use lawyers, not bullets. And lawyers is another problem. Who the hell would train all these lawyers if they weren't going to be used effectively, or be used to benefit Society? A moron who's more interested in money then peoples future, that's who.

"Our education system has some serious flaws, and these flaws are killing us, and also doing a lot of damage."



Jobs


First: Find out what kind of jobs are needed that would provide continuous improvements to our country and to our local communities.
Second: Find out what would be the best education and training needed to perform these requirements effectively and efficiently. Teaching Adults
Third: Provide people with the necessary tools, resources and support to learn new skills and to perform these jobs with ease and precision. Machines
Forth: Make Living Affordable - Big 5
Fifth: Make our causes and effects in life easy to measure so that everyone can understand the choices and options that we have. This way our decisions will become more accurate and more sustainable, thus everyone can enjoy life and continue to live, learn, love and progress.

Demand-Driven System based on Reality
Demand Driven Funding System
Abstract Labour and Concrete Labour
Architecture that's Built to Heal: Michael Murphy (video and interactive text)

Workforce Development an American approach to economic development, attempts to enhance a region's economic stability and prosperity by focusing on people rather than businesses. It essentially develops a human-resources strategy. Work-force development has evolved from a problem-focused approach, addressing issues such as low-skilled workers or the need for more employees in a particular industry, to a holistic approach considering participants' many barriers and the overall needs of the region. Work-force development has historically occurred in two forms: place-based strategies that attempt to address the needs of people living in a particular neighborhood, and sector-based strategies that focus on matching workers' skills to needs in an industry already present in the region.

Labour is an activity which creates and maintains economic Value, and should also save on human energy and effort, because the less time the society requires to produce wheat, cattle etc., the more time it wins for other production, material or mental. Society likewise has to distribute its time in a purposeful way, in order to achieve a production adequate to its overall needs; just as the individual has to distribute his time correctly in order to achieve knowledge in proper proportions or in order to satisfy the various demands on his activity.  Employment Skills and Requirements

Exploitation of Labour refers to social relations where an "actor or character of actors uses others for their own end because of a fundamentally asymmetric power relationship between them". When speaking about exploitation there is a direct affiliation with consumption in social theory. Traditionally, this would label exploitation as unfairly taking advantage of another person because of his or her inferior position, giving the exploiter the power.

Involuntary Servitude is a person laboring against that person's will to benefit another, under some form of coercion other than the worker's financial needs. Jobs should benefit everyone and make positive improvements everywhere.

Adhesion Contract (Contract of Adhesion) is a standard form contract drafted by one party (usually a business with stronger bargaining power) and signed by the weaker party (usually a consumer in need of goods or services), who must adhere to the contract and therefore does not have the power to negotiate or modify the terms of the contract. Adhesion contracts are commonly used for matters involving insurance, leases, deeds, mortgages, automobile purchases, and other forms of consumer credit. Also known as adhesive contract; adhesory contract; adhesionary contract; take-it-or-leave-it contract; leonine contract. Courts carefully scrutinize adhesion contracts and sometimes void certain provisions because of the possibility of unequal bargaining power, unfairness, and unconscionability. Factoring into such decisions include the nature of the assent, the possibility of unfair surprise, lack of notice, unequal bargaining power, and substantive unfairness. Courts often use the “doctrine of reasonable expectations” as a justification for invalidating parts or all of an adhesion contract: the weaker party will not be held to adhere to contract terms that are beyond what the weaker party would have reasonably expected from the contract, even if what he or she reasonably expected was outside the strict letter of agreement. Monopolies

Creating Manufacturing Jobs is just one step out of a hundred steps that we need to take. We need to make a list of products that every human needs to live. Then Americans will make these products, products that are durable, recyclable, and easily reparable. China will make their your own products, and Americans will make their own products, and other Countries will make their own products. Countries will only trade what they lack, and they will not trade what corporations and governments exploit.
Then one of the most things that we will be trading with the world is ideas.

Professions
Job Search Websites

Job Guarantee is an economic policy proposal aimed at providing a sustainable solution to the dual problems of inflation and unemployment. Its aim is to create full employment and price stability, by having the state promise to hire unemployed workers as an employer of last resort (ELR).
Economic Interventionism is an economic policy perspective favoring government intervention in the market process to correct the market failures and promote the general welfare of the people.
Interstate Commerce Commission original purpose was to regulate railroads (and later trucking) to ensure fair rates, to eliminate rate discrimination, and to regulate other aspects of common carriers, including interstate bus lines and telephone companies. Congress expanded ICC authority to regulate other modes of commerce beginning in 1906. The agency was abolished in 1995, and its remaining functions were transferred to the Surface Transportation Board.
Socially Necessary Labour Time in Marx's critique of political economy is what regulates the exchange value of commodities in trade and consequently constrains producers in their attempt to economise on labour. It does not 'guide' them, as it can only be determined after the event and is thus inaccessible to forward planning.
Political Economy is a term used for studying production and trade, and their relations with law, custom, and government, as well as with the distribution of national income and wealth.
Working Time is the period of time that a person spends at paid labor. Unpaid labor such as personal housework or caring for children or pets is not considered part of the working week, for some strange reason?
ROWE Results Only Work Environment is a human resource management strategy wherein employees are paid for results (output) rather than the number of hours worked.

Industry 4.0 The Fourth Industrial Revolution  (without the same mistakes)

Employment Rates are Deceptive

Cost of Production determines supply; Supply determines final degree of Utility; Final degree of utility determines Value.

Proletariat class of wage-earners (especially industrial workers), possession of significant material value is their Labor-Power (their ability to work. 

Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWDs)
Workfare is an alternative, and controversial, way of giving money to otherwise unemployed or underemployed people, who are applying for social benefits.
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act

When creating jobs we want to avoid making things worse by repeating some of the same mistakes, like making Busy Work or Make-Work Job, which is not the far removed from Penal Labour, Convict Lease, Rent-Seeking, Welfare Trap and Boondoggle


Incentivize


Incentivizing doesn't always have to be about money, we do have alternatives.
Incentive Salience refers to the "wanting" or "desire" attribute given by the brain – specifically, by the nucleus accumbens
shell – to a rewarding stimulus. Reward is the attractive and motivational property of a stimulus that induces appetitive behavior – also known as approach behavior – and consummatory behavior. This "wanting" is unlike "liking" in that liking is a pleasure immediately gained from consumption or other contact with stimuli, while the "wanting" of incentive salience is a motivational magnet quality of a stimulus that makes it a desirable and attractive goal, transforming it from a mere sensory experience into something that commands attention, induces approach, and causes it to be sought out. Incentive salience is regulated by dopamine activity in the mesocorticolimbic pathway of the brain.
Incentive is something that motivates an individual to perform an action. Incentivizing
Incentive Program is used to promote or encourage specific actions or behavior by a specific group of people during a defined period of time. Incentive programs are particularly used in business management to motivate employees and in sales to attract and retain customers. Scientific literature also refers to this concept as pay for performance.
Performance-Related Pay is a salary or wages paid based on the performance of the individual or team. The reward is the salary. Bonus is an amount of money added to wages on a seasonal basis, especially as a reward for good performance.
an extra payment (bonus payment) received for doing one's job well or a salary or wages based completely on how well one does one's job, called performance-related pay or pay for performance.

Gamify - Inspiration

Subsidy is a form of financial aid or support extended to an economic sector (or institution, business, or individual) generally with the aim of promoting economic and social policy.

Earmark is a legislative (especially congressional) provision that directs approved funds to be spent on specific projects, or that directs specific exemptions from taxes or mandated fees.

Commission (remuneration) as remuneration for services rendered or products sold is a common way to reward sales people. Payments often are calculated on the basis of a percentage of the goods sold, a way for firms to solve the principal–agent problem by attempting to realign employees' interests with those of the firm. Sales personnel are thus paid, in part of entirely, on the basis of products or services successfully sold rather than being paid by the hour, by attempted sales, or by any other measure. A common form of commission sales is real estate; in the United States, a real estate agent who successfully sells property will collect a commission of 6% of the sale price but a realtor who makes no sales will collect no salary or compensation whatsoever.

Worker Qualities and Job Skills

Why we work determines how well we work..

Employee Management
Knowledge Management

To increase job performance we need to make working fun, create jobs that have a purpose, create jobs that provide potential.
We need to end emotional pressure, economic pressure, and inertia, because these reasons to work decrease performance.

Praise

Finland requires Master level teachers, and the state pays for the education, so the have a pool of highly qualified professionals. A teacher that stays for 10 years makes the same amount as a lawyer or doctor here in America. They actually pay their teachers.


Worker Motivation Based on Work

Every school, government building, and even some public areas, will have a job board, a list of jobs that are available and ready to be filled, locally, regionally and globally. Each job will list the number of people that needed to fill these jobs adequately. The school will also list the current number of people who are in training for each job. Employer is notified of how many people are in training for the particular jobs they have. Employer can now hire the student anytime during the education and training process, as long as they continue and finish the necessary education and training requirements.  Things change so always a have a backup.

Only the most beneficial Jobs will be incentivized, or what the Government calls, Subsidize. Jobs will be rated by known factors that would bring the most value and the most benefits to society and the community. 

Jobs that make a Difference

If incentives are used correctly, it will be the best investment we could make. Incentives should work like this, a person is paid for doing a particular function, a function that benefits them, as well as, benefits other people too, who in turn, benefits even more people, a continuous cycle of improvements. But it needs to be a group effort. And it has to be done on multiple levels. Not everyone needs to be involved, just enough people so that improvements continue to happen for as long as needed.

If we have the ability to make better decisions, then we should. But people are not aware of better decisions, or are they aware of their abilities. This is because people did not have a quality education, or have the time and resources needed to acquire new
knowledge and learn new skills. But with the internet and computer technology, we have the ability to correct the deficiencies with education and also improve access to knowledge and information, which would allow people to acquire needed skills, and learn more about themselves and the world around them. But just knowing that you can have an ability, does not give you the ability. You must learn and acquire the ability. So if we give everyone the ability to learn more, and become more knowledgeable about their abilities, then most people will seek out these abilities and skills, because they know that knowledge will give them more potential, more power, more control, more freedom, and more possibilities. This would be like a perpetual Self Rewarding System, a system that has the ability to solve every problem on the planet.

Universal School of Thought

What a University should be: If you learn this knowledge and gain these skills, then a job is waiting for you, guaranteed. Then list the Jobs that are needed by society, jobs that are guaranteed to preserve life. And next to those jobs is the job description along with the necessary courses that a person needs to take. And just like the Military, Universities are not asking people for money to join, we are actually going to pay you and take care of your needs. Why? Because it's extremely important, which will be just one of the many things that you will learn about.

Tech Hire
Merging Industry and Classroom

When we incentivize, we can mobilize millions. But only when Incentives are completely explained and the costs are understood.

Every school in the nation should have a class devoted to Creating Jobs 101, And these jobs that are based on the improvements that world needs to make. This way students will be basically mapping out their own future. So by the time students graduate High School they will have a pretty good idea what to expect, and what's expected of them. Kids shouldn't depend on the same morons to fix the future when it was the same morons who destroyed their future. If you want kids to be responsible for their future, give them the wheel, because the morons driving now have already crashed and burned. 

Jobs that are Needed...just some
High Quality Teachers, that guarantees that every student is a highly intelligent self directed learner.
Highly Intelligent Government Employees, ones who are incapable of corruption.
High Quality Public Utilities Engineers to guarantee fresh water, affordable energy and proper waste management.
High Quality Skilled Tradesmen to maintain the infrastructure, roads, bridges, communications and so on.
Highly Intelligent Social Workers and Caregivers, to care for people in need, and to care for the elderly.
Local Farmers to guarantee food supplies that are sustainable and healthy.
High Quality Supervisors and Managers to supervise needed projects that will provide continuous improvements to society and communities.

Jobs that Make a Difference
Professions
Skilled Labor
Maintenance

The only reason why there are not enough jobs is because of corruption and ignorance, there is plenty of work to do, it's just that corruption and ignorance is stopping these jobs from being created, and stopping these jobs from being filled with skilled people.

"Most jobs growth are around helping the sick and unhealthy, but there are very few jobs that are helping people avoid being sick and unhealthy, this is ignorant and criminal."

The only thing that this world is short of is intelligence. And when we correct this deficit, everything will improve.


Job-Specific Training Programs

Schools don't always send people to jobs, so the Job needs to send people to school. The Job needs to send people to school because schools don't always send people to jobs, mostly because the jobs may not be there after they graduate from school. This is one of the reasons for going to college, which is to learn how to create jobs. You also want students to learn how to manage and supervise large projects, because the new work force will need educated managers and trained supervisors, and not just skilled workers. knowing that you are guaranteed a job before you start school will increase graduation rates to over 95%. And one of the reasons why is because that the new job wants you to succeed, they have invested in you, and you are willing to invest the time in them and learn your profession. And knowing what your job will be means that you are already interested in that type of work, and not for the money, but because you like the work, your good at what you do, and you know your job is making a difference in the world. So the Future of Education is going to change. Every student will have a job because the job will be part of the classroom. Either by having remote access to the business or that particular service, or by having a company or government representative in the school. And of course Higher Education will eventually be open to everyone, and, free to everyone. "Free at last, free at last."

Internships - On the Job Training

Professional School is a graduate school level institution that prepares students for careers in specific fields. Some of the schools also offer undergraduate degrees in specific professions.
Examples of this type of school include:
Architecture school
Business school
Engineering school
Law school
Library school
Education school - see also Normal school
Public policy school
Social work school
Healthcare:
Medical school
Chiropractic school
Dental school
Pharmacy school
Physician Assistant school
Physiotherapy school
Podiatric medical school
Public health school
Speech-Language Pathology School
Occupational therapy school
Nursing school
Veterinary school
Optometry school
Life Skills

The Half Life of a Learned Skill is around 5 years, this means that much of what you learned 5 years ago might be either obsolete or irrelevant. So everyone needs to stay current with what is known. This is why updating what you know and what you do is extremely valuable, especially when teaching others.

Master of Business Administration (MBA or M.B.A.) is a master's degree in business administration (management). The MBA
degree originated in the United States in the early 20th century when the country industrialized and companies sought scientific approaches to management. The core courses in an MBA program cover various areas of business such as accounting, finance, marketing, human resources, and operations in a manner most relevant to management analysis and strategy. Most programs also include elective courses. The MBA is a terminal degree and a professional degree. Accreditation bodies specifically for MBA programs ensure consistency and quality of education. Business schools in many countries offer programs tailored to full-time,
part-time, executive, and distance learning students, many with specialized concentrations.

Terminal Degree is a university degree that is either highest on the academic track or highest on the professional track in a given field of study. The phrase "terminal degree" is used heavily in the United States, but is used less often outside of North America. The term is not generally used in the United Kingdom or Canada, for example, and its exact meaning varies somewhat between those areas and disciplines in which the term is used. An earned academic (or research) doctorate[1] such as a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) is considered the terminal degree in most academic fields of study in the United States.

Training

When thinking about what course to take ask these questions?
When will this knowledge be used? How will it be used? Why will it be used? Where will it be used? How will these new skills and knowledge be used in conjunction with already learned skills and knowledge? 

Deciding your education options

Schools are misleading students by claiming a 95 percent job-placement rate within six months, which is a lie and fraud. They just want your money. 
Workforce Investment Act Leaves many Jobless and in Debt
Workforce Investment Act of 1998


"Jobs and Schools need to be combined to give people on the job training. You can do this in almost every job sector that we have. What knowledge and skills does someone need in order to do this particular job effectively? You can train anyone on the job, and give them an hour or two a day to learn the necessary knowledge and information that would help them to learn more about the work so they become more valuable and more productive."

"No more guessing what your future will be, because you are the future."


Do Machines and Automation Kill Jobs? No.

Machines don't replace humans, machines help humans to be more Productive. Does Technology Destroy Jobs? No. Technology doesn't kill jobs, technology makes things easier to do. There are several reasons why so many people don't have meaningful work to do. First, greedy corporations exploited slave labor in other countries, and they also failed to repurpose our manufacturing facilities which would have saved millions of jobs. Second, our ignorant and corrupt government leaders allowed this to happen (murder for money). Third, our inadequate education system failed to improve education so that students would be more educated and more skillful in order to solve problems One and Two. Jobs do not disappear. The only thing that disappears is our ability to accurately understand our reality enough in order to act effectively and efficiently so that we don't get caught with our pants down, which is what happened. We have to learn our way out of this problem, we can not just wish our problems away. There will always be work to do, it's just that people haven't figured out how to compensate people, or, have we figured out how to make living affordableThings Change as we all know from history, and from our current state. Species who do not adapt will die, which is why so many people die everyday. We are currently in a mass extinction, and if we do not act soon, we will be on that list.

So what will people do when machines give us more time and less work? People will have more time to explore, more time to discover, and more time to learn. People will have more time to do maintenance, more time to do repairs, and more time to do improvements. People will have more time to help people, more time to care for people, and more time to love people. People will have more time to live.  

“You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.” (Buckminster Fuller)

7,231,000 Lost Jobs: Manufacturing Employment Down 37% From June 1979 Peak of 19,553,000. In April 2015, there were only 12,322,000 employed in the manufacturing sector. That is a decline of 7,231,000—or 37 percent.
In April 1973, the year median household income peaked for householders who have completed high school but not earned a higher degree, there were 146,459,000 in the civilian non-institutional population and employment in manufacturing was 18,359,000—or 12.5 percent of the civilian noninstitutional population. In April 2015, there were 250,266,000 in the civilian noninstitutional population and employment in manufacturing was 12,272,000—or 4.9 percent of the civilian population.
But still almost 50 million people on food stamps in 2016 in the U.S., up from 25 million in 2005. And we still have housing problems, we still have energy problems, in regards to prices, pollution and climate change. And we still have many types of health related problems to solve.


Unemployment Rate is Deceptive  -  The Jobs Report is Misleading

Full employment is when the number of people seeking jobs is roughly in balance with the number of job openings. But this does not say what the impacts of these jobs are, or if people could actually make enough money to live on. U.S. Economy added 292,000 Jobs In December of 2015. What kind of jobs? Are these jobs making a difference? Are these jobs creating more harm then good? Just creating more jobs says nothing about the economy, so someone is lying. A healthy job market is between 4.6 percent and 5 percent, but healthy is a lie. There is a disconnect from reality. About 7.9 million people remain unemployed. For black teenagers nationwide, the unemployment rate is 21 percent. For college graduates, it's 2.3 percent unemployment; for high school dropouts, 7 percent. If you're a 30-year-old with a college degree and a U-Haul, you're all set, you can find jobs. In the mean time, peoples severances are long gone, savings are gone, unemployment compensation is gone. and people have spent their retirement accounts just to have something to live on. Banks

The Employment Rates are manipulated and misinterpreted the same way that Crime Stats are.
Animated Map of Unemployment changes in the last 10 years (youtube)

Employment Projections
Jobs in demand should be about what society needs most of that would provide the most improvements, not just treating our diseases, but working on cures. People have been working on cures but not prevention.

Don't just list jobs in demand, list their importance, if sustainable.

Everyone should know how many empty buildings in their state and what the current work force is, their skills, training and education needed.

Job title is nothing if the job does not improve things. I'm the president of a cigarette company vs. I'm the president of a education company.

50 Million people still on Food Stamps, Foreclosures Still High, People still living paycheck to paycheck, people have to work 2 jobs just to make ends meet. Half of Americans have more debt then savings. Hourly pay rates are below the standard of living.

Living Wage Calculator

Living Wage is the minimum income necessary for a worker to meet their basic needs. And the ones fortunate enough to have a job are over worked and working too many hours, or worse, doing things that are counter productive.

Everyone is employable to a certain degree. It's just that we are putting the responsibility of job creation in the wrong hands.
The responsibility of job creation should be a city, state and federal joint program. An agency that measures the needs of people in any given area. and fills these needs through job creation and training. We have a lot of people with disabilities, and we have a growing elderly population. Communities need to know and understand what the responsibilities are. What is the true cost? Are we training and educating students to fill these needed services? We have workers who are willing and able to work fulltime and part time. Communities, cities, states and governments have an enormous amount of work to do. But know one is working on organizing job creation, jobs that matches the current workforce, along with the needs of every community. Let the force be with you, workforce that is. All employees should be given a smartphone with a data plan. This way you can pay people electronically, you can keep tract of their performance, keep tract of the time spent working, and keep tract of travel times. Smartphones can also keep tract of the food and water that each person needs, and make sure that they have shelter, and make sure that they have access to education and job training. And make sure that they have access to other important services, like Doctors, Lawyers, Energy, Transportation, and Security. No human should be priced out of life just because they lack this one thing we call money. We need to see and understand the whole picture. Because of the amount of knowledge that has been generated in just the last 25 years, we can now accurately measure and calculate everything in our world, which gives us the ability to make better decisions and better choices, and predict the future with better precision then any other time in history.

The human race is like the 6 Million Dollar Man, we have the technology, we have the capability to make the world better, stronger and more prosperous.

In order to improve the world you first have to improve education so that we can guarantee that people are educated enough to know how to improve the world. Life is a cycle, and humans have fallen off their cycle. We need to get back on our cycle and understand how to effectively ride our cycle again, so that we can maximize the benefits and the enjoyment from life, and guarantee a better world for everyone, now and forever.

"Your life is your work, your job is just one of the many services that you could provide. All the actions that you take in life and all the things that you do before and after your job, are the most important things to yourself and to the world. Even if your job is one of the most important jobs on the planet, it will never be as important as you. Without you being the best that you can be, the responsibilities of your job will never reach its true potential, or will you reach your true potential. The job and yourself are a shared responsibility. To be a good friend, to be a good son or daughter, to be a good mother or father, to be a good boss, to be a good leader, all these things take time to learn. So when learning how to do your job well, you have to keep learning how to be a good person as well."

100 man years is equal to 100 people working 40 hours a week for 1 year.
Man Hour (wiki)


Exploits

Schooled: The Price of College Sports (2013) (showing how the NCAA exploits athletes and then lies about their education)
"NCAA owners know they're criminals, and they know they're running a scam, they're not just exploiting students, they're exploiting all the fans and all the parents." 

Arrest Nation is the result of a low quality education.

Nearly eight million students currently participating in high school athletics in the United States, only 460,000 of them will compete at NCAA schools.

Percent Of College Students who make it to The Professional Level

Even if you do make the Pro's, there is no guarantee for success
30 For 30 - Broke (youtube)   .

Concussions
Frontline: League of Denial NFL's Concussion Crisis (765 million dollar apology)
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy found in 87 of 91 NFL players. CTE also appeared in 79 percent (131 of 165) of all football players studied. Brain Injury Info
Why helmets don't prevent concussions — and what might: David Camarillo: (video and interactivetext)
Long Term Health Consequences
Brain Changes Seen in Youth Football Players without Concussion An increase in subconcussive head impact exposure may have an effect on white matter (WM) integrity in youth athletes, even in the absence of a clinically diagnosed concussion, according to new Radiology research. The brain's white matter is composed of millions of nerve fibers called axons that act like communication cables connecting various regions of the brain. Diffusion tensor imaging produces a measurement, called fractional anisotropy (FA), of the movement of water molecules in the brain and along axons. In healthy white matter, the direction of water movement is fairly uniform and measures high in FA. When water movement is more random, FA values decrease, which has been associated with brain abnormalities in some studies.
Western and Lawson scientists develop game-changing Blood Test for Concussions

"Like millions of others, I love football, but I don't like someone ruining peoples lives in the name of money. It's wrong, it's bad, and it's criminal, You would have to be a total scumbag and a moron to do such a thing?"

This is not about money, it's about the lack of knowledge and information that people have about Money, which causes ignorant behaviors and horrible side effects. When you can't see beyond what money represents, then you will have no idea what you are doing, whether it's right or wrong, good or bad. It's insane what we are doing to ourselves in the name of money. We allow money to control our behavior, we are letting money decide how we live. We allow money to think for us, we even allow money to make our decisions. Money blinds us from knowing the consequences of our actions. Money creates a disconnect. How spoiled and ignorant we are. We have to stop using money as an excuse.This goes way beyond what a financial education could ever accomplish, this is about life. And because of our inadequate educational institutions, we will never have the right knowledge and information to over come the toxic effects of money, such as poverty, war, crime, corruption, and so on and so on. How can we allow ourselves to be dependent on money? How can we have a system that makes people dependent on money?  We need a system and a way of thinking that works without relying on money. A system that solves problems without money. Without someone asking to be paid first. People don't need a rewards or incentives, people need the facts.

Educational Course: How to solve problems without using money.
It's important how you earn your money, but it's more important how you spend your time, and how you spend your money.
Saving money is not as important as solving the problem without money. Saving for your retirement, is like saying I want a home, food, water and energy, but I don't want to work for it.

"It's like no one is paying attention. We can't see what we have not learned to see. Our education institutions are failing to help people see the reality of our world. We are so blind and so ignorant, it's time to wake up."

"Using the word education is like using the word meat, what kind of meat, is it chicken, fish, or maggot filled road kill? You need to specify what you are teaching, and specify how important this knowledge is to the student, and to the world."

You know that schools, and what they are teaching, needs drastic improvements when 1 in 4 college women will be the victim of sexual assault during her academic career. Schools need to improve education.
Sex Assaults



Academic Papers


A study at the University of Indiana found that “as many as 50% of academic papers are never read by anyone other than their authors, referees and journal editors.” That same study concluded that “some 90% of papers that have been published in academic journals are never cited." (Make reference to or Referred to for proof) That is, nine out of 10 academic papers—which both often take years to research, compile, submit, and get published, and are a major component by which a scholar’s output is measured—contribute little to the academic conversation. 

Academic Publishing is the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship. Most academic work is published in academic journal article, book or thesis form. The part of academic written output that is not formally published but merely printed up or posted on the Internet is often called "grey literature". Most scientific and scholarly journals, and many academic and scholarly books, though not all, are based on some form of peer review or editorial refereeing to qualify texts for publication. Peer review quality and selectivity standards vary greatly from journal to journal, publisher to publisher, and field to field.
Academic Journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published. Academic journals serve as forums for the introduction and presentation for scrutiny of new research, and the critique of existing research. They are usually peer-reviewed or refereed. Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews. The purpose of an academic journal is to give researchers a venue to "impart their knowledge to one another, and contribute what they can to the Grand design of improving natural knowledge, and perfecting all Philosophical Arts, and Sciences.
Thesis is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings. In some contexts, the word "thesis" or a cognate is used for part of a bachelor's or master's course, while "dissertation" is normally applied to a doctorate, while in other contexts, the reverse is true. The term graduate thesis is sometimes used to refer to both master's theses and doctoral dissertations. Dissertations and theses may be considered to be grey literature. The required complexity or quality of research of a thesis or dissertation can vary by country, university, or program, and the required minimum study period may thus vary significantly in duration. The word dissertation can at times be used to describe a treatise without relation to obtaining an academic degree. The term thesis is also used to refer to the general claim of an essay or similar work. Dissertation
Proceedings are the collection of academic papers published in the context of an academic conference. They are usually distributed as printed volumes or in electronic form either before the conference opens or after it has closed. Proceedings contain the contributions made by researchers at the conference. They are the written record of the work that is presented to fellow researchers. They may be considered as grey literature.
Grey Literature are materials and research produced by organizations outside of the traditional commercial or academic publishing and distribution channels. Common grey literature publication types include reports (annual, research, technical, project, etc.), working papers, government documents, white papers and evaluations. Organizations that produce grey literature include government departments and agencies, civil society or non-governmental organisations, academic centres and departments, and private companies and consultants. Grey literature may be made available to the public, or distributed privately within organizations or groups, and may lack a systematic means of distribution and collection. The standard of quality, review and production of grey literature can vary considerably. Grey literature may be difficult to discover, access and evaluate but this can be addressed through the formulation of sound search strategies.
Term Paper is a research paper written by students over an academic term, accounting for a large part of a grade. Term papers are generally intended to describe an event, a concept, or argue a point. A term paper is a written original work discussing a topic in detail, usually several typed pages in length and is often due at the end of a semester.
Essay is, generally, a piece of writing that gives the author's own argument — but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of an article, a pamphlet, and a short story. Essays have traditionally been sub-classified as formal and informal. Formal essays are characterized by "serious purpose, dignity, logical organization, length," whereas the informal essay is characterized by "the personal element (self-revelation, individual tastes and experiences, confidential manner), humor, graceful style, rambling structure, unconventionality or novelty of theme," etc. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays.

Essay Tips - A Research Guide

Abstract (summary) is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose. When used, an abstract always appears at the beginning of a manuscript or typescript, acting as the point-of-entry for any given academic paper or patent application. Abstracting and indexing services for various academic disciplines are aimed at compiling a body of literature for that particular subject. The terms précis or synopsis are used in some publications to refer to the same thing that other publications might call an "abstract". In management reports, an executive summary usually contains more information (and often more sensitive information) than the abstract does.
Executive Summary is a short document or section of a document, produced for business purposes, that summarizes a longer report or proposal or a group of related reports in such a way that readers can rapidly become acquainted with a large body of material without having to read it all. It usually contains a brief statement of the problem or proposal covered in the major document(s), background information, concise analysis and main conclusions. It is intended as an aid to decision-making by managers and has been described as the most important part of a business plan.

Academic Authorship of journal articles, books, and other original works is a means by which academics communicate the results of their scholarly work, establish priority for their discoveries, and build their reputation among their peers.
Authorship is a primary basis that employers use to evaluate academic personnel for employment, promotion, and tenure. In academic publishing, authorship of a work is claimed by those making intellectual contributions to the completion of the research described in the work. In simple cases, a solitary scholar carries out a research project and writes the subsequent article or book. In many disciplines, however, collaboration is the norm and issues of authorship can be controversial. In these contexts, authorship can encompass activities other than writing the article; a researcher who comes up with an experimental design and analyzes the data may be considered an author, even if she or he had little role in composing the text describing the results. According to some standards, even writing the entire article would not constitute authorship unless the writer was also involved in at least one other phase of the project. Book Types

Digital Library of Academic Journals, Books, and Primary Sources
Theses - Dissertations

Bias in Research

Sponsored Research, Corporate Funded Research, Government Funded Research  
Funding of Science is a term generally covering any funding for scientific research, in the areas of both "hard" science and technology and social science. The term often connotes funding obtained through a competitive process, in which potential research projects are evaluated and only the most promising receive funding. Such processes, which are run by government, corporations or foundations, allocate scarce funds. Most research funding comes from two major sources, corporations (through research and development departments) and government (primarily carried out through universities and specialized government agencies; often known as research councils). Some small amounts of scientific research are carried out (or funded) by charitable foundations, especially in relation to developing cures for diseases such as cancer, malaria and AIDS. According to OECD, around two-thirds of research and development in scientific and technical fields is carried out by industries, and 20% and 10% respectively by universities and government.
Public Funds Investment Act
Texas
Public Finance Management Act

Academic Tenure is a privileged position with the principle of academic freedom, which holds that it is beneficial for state, society and academy in the long run if scholars are free to examine, hold, and advance controversial views without fear of dismissal from their jobs. Some have argued that modern tenure systems actually diminish academic freedom, forcing those seeking tenured positions to profess conformance to the same views (political and academic) as those awarding the tenured professorships.

Science Hub is a Repository of over 48 Million Scientific Academic Papers and Articles. Sci-Hub (wiki) 
A Pirate Bay for Science

Academic Paper that every student needs to write before graduating: (4 Questions)
What do you think about the world so far?  What things in the world do you think needs to be improved? Why? How?
Capstone Projects

Bibliographic Database is a database of bibliographic records, an organized digital collection of references to published literature, including journal and newspaper articles, conference proceedings, reports, government and legal publications, patents, books, etc. In contrast to library catalogue entries, a large proportion of the bibliographic records in bibliographic databases describe articles, conference papers, etc., rather than complete monographs, and they generally contain very rich subject descriptions in the form of keywords, subject classification terms, or abstracts.

Research
(Studies, Research Papers, Doctoral Dissertations, Conference Presentations)
Each year academia churns out thousands of pieces of research on education. And for many of them, that's the end of it. They gather dust in the university library or languish in some forgotten corner of the Internet. A few, though, find their way into the hands of teachers, principals and policymakers. Each year the American Educational Research Association puts out a list of its 10 most-read articles. The most disturbing thing about education research is that in order for the research to be excepted, the research has to follow strict rules and guidelines, but education itself in our schools does not follow any proven methods or rules or guidelines, things that would prove that the school is using the highest quality education in the most effective and efficient ways possible

Education 'experts' cited in news stories may lack expertise, study finds
Clinical Trials Not Being Reported

Pub Peer The online journal club community with a database of published scientific articles with discussions and comments to help improved transparency and reduce science research fraud.  

Research Sources
Research Flaws



What some students say about their teachers and professors is a wake up call

Knowing some of the reasons behind why half the students drop out of college is just the beginning.

"Avoid this dude. He is far too emotional to be a professor at ANY university. He has good intentions but just is a weird guy that spits a lot."

"By far the most boring person I have ever heard speak in my whole life. He did not teach me a single thing all semester, his slides are useless as well as his lectures."

"Very odd professor, but really not as bad a teacher as everybody else would lead you to believe. The real reason why you shouldn't take this class is the smell. It's like he bathes with urinal cakes. If you can't get out of his class, sit in the back."

"There is no hope, all hope is lost. My friend and I both dropped this class after two classes because she thinks she knows everything. She's rude and pushes all her beliefs upon students. Her vain personality is ugly and despicable; her class left me with a bad taste in my mouth. Her negativity was intolerable."

"If you can avoid him, do...at all costs. You not only come to hate him as a teacher, but from the stories he tells you about his past, you start to loathe him as a person."

"HE IS THE WORST BY FAR!! Completely destroyed my freshman year experience."

"She finds it enjoyable to insult her students."

"This professor is NOT ok. Doesn't explain material at all and doesn't care about the welfare of his students."

"Worst Econ professor. They put a senile old man in charge of the technology class. That should tip you off how backwards this department is."

"Never hated a professor so much in my life. Don't take him or you will regret it."

"I'm surprised he hasn't been asked to leave. Teach yourself physics."

"He is possibly one of the WORST teachers in the history of the universe."

"Very tough grader, little senile, does not hold office hours and generally seems very confused about everything. For the sake of sanity do not take him."

"This professor is the most miserable professor I’ve ever come across in my three years of college. This man thinks America and college students are spiraling down the drain."

"Probably the worst teacher I've ever had. He's a math professor and he can't even do simple arithmetic. He's basically deaf so half the class is yelling the numbers at him until he writes the correct one on the board."

"Very adorable old dude and he is an extremely easy professor. He often makes mistakes and doesn't realize them. However, if you have never taken pre-calc before then don't take him because he assumes you understand all the subject matter."

"Nice guy but such a bad explainer. I literally have no clue what he talks about."

"This woman is by far the worst teacher I have ever had in my life. When others have asked her to slow down, she has blatantly said no."

"Horrible! Do NOT take him! Let's just say from a class of 30, there were only about 12 of us who did not drop the course. STAY AWAY!"

"Despite this professor’s cute appearance and totally awesome accent, this class totally sucked."

"You'll fail every test and not know why."

"This guy loves the sound of his own voice and confusing the crap out of you. No matter what you say, you are wrong, even when you agree with him. For the love of God, don't take this class."

"Avoid this professor like the plague."

"Very nasty professor. She seems to be mad at the world. She needs to be fired!"

"Extremely impatient, rude. She makes you feel like a moron for asking a question. I simply do not like her!!"

"Another Professor hiding from the real world and does not care about interesting students in her class or willingness to teach."

"If you want to torture yourself take this class."

"He is practically blind so I don't understand how he can grade our papers. Isn't there a mandatory retirement age at CCSU?"

"If you're reading this comment after you registered for her class you have just made the worst decision of your CCSU attendance. I have had plenty of professors at this school and none are even close to how horrible she is. She is mentally unstable."

"DO NOT TAKE HIM. When asking questions about the subject, he will response with a "What are you, stupid?" kind of answer."

"You can tell he hates his job and takes it out on his students."

"Awful professor. Worst professor I have ever met. I have never seen a professor act so rudely and hostile. Very annoying. Unprofessional in the classroom, rude comments directed towards students, confusing, changes syllabus and due dates
multiple times (adding/changing assignments), disorganized, rude in email communication. Avoid."


"These comments reveal ignorance on both sides. But I'm sure if students explained more about the particular difficulties and experiences that they had, and if teachers and professors explained more about their particular teaching methods and behaviors, we could easily make improvements in every classroom learning environment, which would benefit everyone."

Rate My Professors
Classroom Management


The Power to Learn is within Everyone, Everyone has the Power to Learn

Two women and a young man using a Hope PC Laptop Computer




The Thinker Man