are the products of human creativity
The creation of beautiful or significant things. A diverse range of human
activities in creating visual, auditory
the author's imaginative or technical skill,
intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power. Works of art collectively.
A superior skill
that you can learn by study and practice and
. Art can also be a second person singular form of be.
How great thou art, meaning, how great you are.
- Art Types
- Art News
- Art Websites
Art has the ability to make our world more beautiful. Art also
people to think more and to dream more. Art is truly a blessing, and a
very unique expression of human intelligence. Art Quotes
is a tendency or style in art
with a specific
or goal, followed by a group of artists during a
restricted period of time, (usually a few months, years or decades).
is a material
used by an artist or
to create a work.
List of Art
means or instrumentality
which something is achieved, or an agency or means of doing something. The
intervening substance in the surrounding environment through which
impressions or signals
, or a force that
acts on objects at a distance. Medium can also mean a halfway point
between two extremes of a size or of another quality. An
communicate in words precisely
and clearly and readily observable
leaving nothing to implication. Indicate through a symbol or formula, etc.
of body parts
, or other physical mediums that can be observed, that would
indicate or communicate an emotion or
a message about
feelings, beliefs or opinions. Expression can also mean a
word or phrase
people use in particular situations. A group of words that form a
constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit. Style
Artists are communicators
say something to beholders through their work. This way of thinking
the artist's intended meaning makes an
between artwork and language
, specifically literature, where a
text may be thought to be a form of the author's speaking.
is a method of art
making in which the artist suppresses conscious control
over the making
process, allowing the unconscious mind
to have great sway.
is an artistic movement as well
as a creative sentiment where the end product of art and craft, the objet
d’art, is not the principal focus.
is the artistic technique of
common things in an unfamiliar or strange way
in order to enhance perception of the familiar.
Art to me is exploring your imagination, it’s expressing, it’s creating, it's
educational, and it's communication
. Sometimes I look at
as a pause in
time where someone uses
the physical world to express an idea or to ask a question, what
is this? And the question is not so much focused
on the art itself, but something else. In a way, Art becomes more
of a reminder that tells us to always ask "what is
this?" And Art does not guarantee
that you will
find an answer, but at the least it will make you see that there
will always be things beyond your
. And that
brain is the seed of evolution.
Art is another way at looking at things
, which is extremely
important. If we don't open our minds to other possibilities, then we will
never ask the questions that will allow us to keep on
. But even though we
are progressing, we are still not progressing in all the ways that we
should. So it's not just the art itself, it's the questions that art can
give rise to. Not to say that we need art to learn, because humans
learn in many different ways
. But having
art is still valuable, but it's value is in the hidden
only be deciphered
if the person
has the knowledge that would allow them to see
beyond the surface
understand beyond the known
or Celebration is a joyful
occasion for special festivities
to mark some happy event. Any
. A celebration can be a
or a ceremony with all appropriate
Skills Related to Art
is a person engaged in one or more of any of a
broad spectrum of
related to creating art, practicing the arts or demonstrating
an art. The common usage in both everyday speech and academic discourse is
a practitioner in the visual arts
is the practice of applying paint, pigment,
to a solid surface (support base). The medium is commonly applied
to the base with a brush, but other implements, such as
can be used.
used to apply Paint
. A paintbrush is
usually made by clamping the bristles to a handle with a ferrule. They are
available in various sizes, shapes, and materials. Thicker ones are used
with for filling in, and thinner ones are used for details. They may be
subdivided into decorators' brushes used for painting and decorating and
artists' brushes use for visual art.
How to Mix Paint
with Amy Wynne | Creative Live
is a professional within the graphic design and
graphic arts industry who assembles together images, typography, or motion
graphics to create a piece of design. A graphic designer creates the
graphics primarily for published, printed or electronic media
, such as
brochures (sometimes) and advertising. They are also sometimes responsible
for typesetting, illustration, user interfaces, web design, or take a
teaching position. A core responsibility of the designer's job is to
present information in a way that is both accessible and memorable.
covers a broad range of visual artistic expression, typically
two-dimensional, i.e. produced on a flat surface.
is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three
dimensions. It is one of the plastic arts. Durable sculptural processes
originally used carving (the removal of material) and
addition of material, as clay), in stone, metal, ceramics, wood and other
materials but, since Modernism, there has been an almost complete freedom
of materials and process. A wide variety of materials may be worked by
removal such as
, assembled by welding or modelling, or molded, or
cast. A Continuous
is an activity where pieces of rough natural stone are
shaped by the controlled removal of stone. Owing to the
permanence of the
, stone work has survived which was created during our
is the use of
that offers tools to push, pull, smooth, grab, pinch or
otherwise manipulate a digital object as if it were made of a real-life
substance such as clay. CGI
is the ability to interpret, negotiate, and make meaning from information
presented in the form of an image
, extending the
which commonly signifies interpretation
of a written or printed text.
Visual literacy is based on the idea that pictures can be “read” and that
meaning can be through a process of reading.
- Visual Art
is the science
sometimes called judgments
of sentiment and taste dealing with the
nature of art and the creation and
is a set of principles
underlying and guiding the work of a particular artist or artistic
movement concerned with beauty or the appreciation of
is the subject matter of a
conversation or discussion. Theme is a unifying idea that is a recurrent
element in literary or artistic work. A theme in music is the melodic
subject of a musical composition. A theme in linguistics is the form of a
word after all affixes are removed. An essay.
is a distinctive manner which permits the grouping of works into
, or any distinctive, and therefore
recognizable, way in which an act is performed or an artifact made or
ought to be performed and made. It refers to the visual appearance of a
work of art that relates it to other works by the same artist or one from
the same period, training, location, "school", art movement or
archaeological culture: "The notion of style has long been the art
historian's principal mode of classifying works of art. By style he
selects and shapes the history of art". Style is often divided into the
general style of a period, country or cultural group, group of artists or
art movement, and the individual style of the artist within that group
style. Divisions within both types of styles are often made, such as
between "early", "middle" or "late". In some artists, such as Picasso for
example, these divisions may be marked and easy to see, in others they are
more subtle. Style is seen as usually dynamic, in most periods always
changing by a gradual process, though the speed of this varies greatly,
between the very slow development in style typical of prehistoric art or
Ancient Egyptian art to the rapid changes in Modern art styles. Style
often develops in a series of jumps, with relatively sudden changes
followed by periods of slower development.
is the placement or arrangement of visual
elements or ingredients in a work of art, as distinct from the subject of
a work according to the principles of art such as balance,
emphasis, variety, movement, rhythm and harmony.
is an artist who specializes in enhancing writing or elucidating
concepts by providing a visual representation
that corresponds to the
content of the associated text or idea. The illustration may be intended
to clarify complicated concepts or objects that are difficult to describe
textually, which is the reason illustrations are often found in children's
is the use of illustration to
of a technical nature. Technical illustrations can be
components of technical drawings or diagrams. Technical illustrations in
general aim "to generate expressive images that effectively convey certain
information via the visual channel to the human observer". Technical
illustrations generally have to describe and explain the subjects to a
nontechnical audience. Therefore, the visual image should be accurate in
terms of dimensions and proportions, and should provide "an overall
impression of what an object is or does, to enhance the viewer’s interest
is a form of non-verbal representation
in which two-dimensional images
(pictures) are regarded as viable substitutes for things seen, remembered
or imagined. Visual Tools
graphically by sketch or design or lines or in words.
are graphic visual representations
of information, data or knowledge
intended to present
is a graphic symbol
an idea or
, independent of any
particular language, and specific words or phrases.
are ideograms and
used in electronic messages
and Web pages. Emoji are used much like emoticons
and exist in various
genres, including facial expressions, common objects, places and types of
weather, and animals.
CRONZY Pen - Over 16-million colors in your pocket
is a graphic mark, emblem
, or symbol commonly used by commercial
enterprises, organizations, and even individuals to aid and promote
instant public recognition
. There are purely graphic emblems,
icons and logos, which are composed of the name of the organization (a
logotype or wordmark).
makes a truly great Logo
is a special
or visual object representing
a quality, type, group, or an
Seal as an emblem
is a device for making an impression in wax,
clay, paper, or some other medium, including an embossment on paper, and
is also the impression thus made. The original purpose was to authenticate
a document, a wrapper for one such as a modern envelope, or the cover of a
container or package holding valuables or other objects.
- Keyboard Symbols
an object, quality, event, or entity whose presence or occurrence
indicates the probable presence or occurrence of something else. A natural
sign bears a causal relation to its object—for instance, thunder is a sign
of storm, or medical symptoms signify a disease. A conventional sign
signifies by agreement, as a full stop signifies the end of a sentence;
similarly the words and expressions of a language
as well as bodily
, can be regarded as signs, expressing particular meanings.
The physical objects most commonly referred to as signs (notices,
, etc., collectively known as signage) generally inform or
instruct using written text,
or a combination of these. The
philosophical study of signs and symbols is called semiotics; this
includes the study of semiosis, which is the way in which signs (in the
semiotic sense) operate.
is the design or use of signs and symbols to communicate a message to a
specific group, usually for the purpose of marketing or a kind of
advocacy. A signage also means signs collectively or being considered as a
group. Signs are any kind of visual graphics
to display information
particular audience. This is typically manifested in the form of
places such as streets or on the inside and outside buildings. Signs vary
in form and size based on location and intent, from more expansive
to smaller street signs, street name signs,
and lawn signs. Newer signs may also use digital or
. The main
purpose of signs is to communicate
convey information designed to assist the receiver with decision-making
based on the information provided. Alternatively, promotional signage may
be designed to persuade receivers of the merits of a given product or
service. Signage is distinct from labeling, which conveys information
about a particular product or service.
Sign in semiotics
is anything that communicates a meaning that is not
the sign itself to the interpreter of the sign. The
intentional such as a word uttered with a specific meaning, or
unintentional, such as a symptom being a sign of a particular medical
condition. Signs can communicate
through any of the
auditory, tactile, olfactory, or taste.
is any form of activity, conduct, or process that involves signs,
including the production of meaning. Briefly – semiosis is sign process.
the study of signs and sign processes, indication,
designation, likeness, analogy, allegory, metonymy, metaphor, symbolism,
signification, and communication. The semiotic tradition explores the
study of signs and symbols as a significant part of communications.
Different from linguistics, semiotics also studies non-linguistic sign
is a manuscript
in which the text is
supplemented with such decoration as initials, borders (marginalia) and
miniature illustrations. In the strictest definition, the term refers only
to manuscripts decorated with gold or silver; but in both common usage and
modern scholarship, the term refers to any decorated or illustrated
manuscript from Western traditions.
in visual art and technical drawing means the process of
formulating, adding color, shading, and texturing of an image. It can also
be used to describe the quality of execution of that process. When used as
a means of expression, it is synonymous with illustrating. However, it may
be used for mere visualization
of existing data regardless of any
preconceived message or idea to express. Artistic rendering is the
application of visual art styles to rendering. For photorealistic
rendering styles, the emphasis is on accurate reproduction of
light-and-shadow and the surface properties of the depicted objects,
composition, or other more generic qualities. When the emphasis is on
unique interpretive rendering styles, visual information is
interpreted by the artist and displayed accordingly using the chosen art
medium and level of abstraction in abstract art. In computer graphics
interpretive rendering styles are known as non-photorealistic rendering
styles, but may be used to simplify technical illustrations. Rendering
styles that combine photorealism with non-photorealism are known as
hyper-realistic rendering styles.
consisting of an artistic
composition made by applying paints to a surface
clear and telling mental image. A situation treated as an observable
object. Illustrations used to decorate or explain a text. A form of
entertainment that enacts a story by sound and a sequence of images giving
the illusion of continuous movement. The visible part of a television
transmission. A graphic or vivid verbal description. A typical example of
some state or quality. A representation of a person or scene in the form
of a print or transparent slide; recorded by a camera
is the combining of visual elements
from separate sources
into single images, often to create the illusion that all those elements
are parts of the same scene. Live-action shooting for compositing is
variously called "chroma
", "blue screen", "green screen" and other names. Today, most,
though not all, compositing is achieved through digital image
manipulation. Pre-digital compositing techniques, however, go back as far
as the trick films of Georges Méliès in the late 19th century; and some
are still in use.
is the process of making the
and the illusion of change by means of the
rapid display of a
sequence of images
that minimally differ from each other. The illusion—as
in motion pictures in general—is thought to rely on the
which is the
optical illusion of perceiving a series of still images, when viewed
in rapid succession, as continuous motion.
Animators are artists who specialize in the creation of animation.
Animation can be recorded with either analogue media, a flip book, motion
picture film, video tape, digital media, including formats with animated
GIF, Flash animation, and digital video. To display animation, a digital
camera, computer, or projector are used along with new technologies that
are produced. Animation creation methods include the traditional animation
creation method and those involving stop motion animation of two and
three-dimensional objects, paper cutouts, puppets and clay figures. Images
are displayed in a rapid succession, usually 24, 25, 30, or 60 frames per
second. Computer animation processes generating animated images with the
Imagery (CGI). 3D Animation
graphics, while 2D Animation
is used for stylistic, low bandwidth and
faster real-time renderings. Deep Canvas
is a 3D painting and rendering technique that allows artists to produce
CGI background that looks like a traditional painting. The software keeps
track of brushstrokes applied in 3D space.
. Usually, the term refers
to computer-generated image data created with help from specialized
graphical hardware and software. It is a vast and recent area in computer
Computer Generated Imagery
is the application of computer graphics to
create or contribute to images in art, printed media, video games, films,
television programs, shorts, commercials, videos, and
visual scenes may be dynamic or static and may be two-dimensional (2D),
though the term "CGI
" is most commonly used to refer to
used for creating scenes or special effects in films and
television. Additionally, the use of 2D CGI is often mistakenly referred
to as "traditional animation
", most often in the case when dedicated
animation software such as Adobe Flash or Toon Boom is not used or the CGI
is hand drawn using a tablet and mouse.Digital Art
- Visual Effects
- 3D Software
is a production company linked to a digital
based in London.
is the process of
recording the movement of objects
is the process of digitally assembling multiple images to
make a final image
, typically for print, motion pictures or
. It is the digital analogue of optical film compositing.
is the use of polygons to represent images in computer
graphics. Vector graphics are based on vectors, which lead through
locations called control points or nodes. Each of these points has a
definite position on the x- and y-axes of the work plane and determines
the direction of the path; further, each path may be assigned various
attributes, including such values as stroke color, shape, curve,
thickness, and fill.
image is a dot matrix data structure, representing a
generally rectangular grid of pixels, or points of color, viewable via a
monitor, paper, or other display medium. Raster images are stored in image
files with varying formats. A bitmap, a single-bit raster, corresponds
bit-for-bit with an image displayed on a screen, generally in the same
format used for storage in the display's video memory, or maybe as a
device-independent bitmap. A raster is technically characterized by the
width and height of the image in pixels and by the number of bits per
pixel (or color depth, which determines the number of colors it can
represent). The printing and prepress industries know raster graphics as
contones (from "continuous tones"). The opposite to contones is "line
work", usually implemented as vector graphics in digital systems.
Computer scientists make more realistic in computer graphics using glint
is a graphic organizer in the form of
illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of
pre-visualizing a motion picture, animation, motion graphic or interactive
media sequence. The storyboarding process, in the form it is known today,
was developed at Walt Disney Productions during the early 1930s, after
several years of similar processes being in use at Walt Disney and other
is a skilled craft worker
who makes or creates things by hand that may be functional or strictly
decorative, for example furniture, decorative arts, sculptures, clothing,
jewelry, food items, household items and tools or even mechanisms such as
the handmade clockwork movement of a watchmaker. Artisans practice a craft
and may through experience and aptitude reach the expressive levels of an
is a pastime or a profession that requires particular
skills and knowledge of skilled work. In a historical sense, particularly
as pertinent to the Middle Ages and earlier, the term is usually applied
to people occupied in small-scale production of goods, or their
is art developed primarily for aesthetics or
beauty, distinguishing it from applied art that also has to serve some
practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.
(esthetic effects using plants)
is a Chinese philosophical system of
harmonizing everyone with the surrounding environment. It is closely
linked to Taoism.
is one of the sugar arts that uses icing or
frosting and other edible decorative elements to make plain cakes more
visually interesting. Alternatively, cakes can be molded and sculpted to
resemble three-dimensional persons, places and things.
is a station chef in a professional kitchen,
skilled in the making of pastries, desserts, breads and other baked goods.
They are employed in large hotels, bistros, restaurants, bakeries, and
(PDF) - Cooking
Make Carrot Flowers, Vegetable Carving Garnish, Sushi Garnish,
make Vegetable Garnish, Food Decoration, Plating Garnishes, Food
Presentation, Food Art
is a collaborative form
of fine art that uses live performers, typically
actors or actresses
to present the experience of a real
event before a live
audience in a specific place, often a stage. The performers may
communicate this experience
to the audience through combinations of
, and dance. Elements of art, such as painted
scenery and stagecraft such as lighting are used to enhance the
, presence and immediacy of the experience.
is a dramatic work and a
theatrical performance by actors on a stage that is presented for
. A deliberate
dexterity and skill of a drama intended for performance. To act or have an
effect in a specified way or with a specific effect or outcome.
to have certain qualities or state
of mind. Play can also mean to engage in playful activity where 1 or more
people participate in games or in sports for just amusement, or for
competition so as to compare and measure abilities.
is a form of theatrical performance that
combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting, and dance.
at a public event,
such as a play, a movie, a concert, or a
. A group of people who
participate in a show or encounter something like art.
are a form of art in which artists use their voices
and/or their bodies, often in relation to other objects, to convey
artistic expression. It is different from visual arts
, which is when
artists use paint/canvas or various materials to create physical or static
art objects. Performing arts include several disciplines
Not everyone performs in front of live audiences
is a performance presented to an
audience within a fine art context
Performance may be either scripted or unscripted, random, carefully
orchestrated, spontaneous or otherwise carefully
with or without
audience participation. The performance can be live or via media and the
performer can be present or absent. It can be any situation that involves
four basic elements: time
, the performer's
, or presence in a
, and a relationship
between performer and audience. Performance art
can happen anywhere, in any type of venue or setting and for any length of
time. The actions of an individual or a group at a particular place and in
a particular time constitute the work
performing arts, generally comprises an
in which a performer or
group of performers present
one or more works of art to an audience.
Usually the performers participate in
audience members often applaud.
carry out an action
and put something into
something done or achieves a particular
is the form of theatre, often comedy, in which
most or all of what is performed is unplanned or unscripted: created
by the performers. In
its purest form, the dialogue, action, story, and characters are created
collaboratively by the players as the improvisation unfolds in present
time, without use of an already prepared, written script.
is a form of
that holds the attention
and interest of an audience, or gives pleasure and delight.
is a sponsor who books and
stages public entertainments. Festivals
is a document that lists the songs that a band or musical artist intends
to play, or has played, during a specific concert performance.
is a list of video or audio files that can be played back on a media
player either sequentially or in a shuffled order.
is a performance
art form consisting of purposefully selected sequences of
. This movement
has aesthetic and symbolic value
, and is acknowledged as
dance by performers
and observers within a particular culture. Dance can be categorized and
described by its choreography, by its repertoire of movements, or by its
historical period or place of origin
. An important distinction is to be
drawn between the contexts of theatrical and participatory dance, although
these two categories are not always completely separate; both may have
special functions, whether social, ceremonial
, competitive, erotic,
martial, or sacred/liturgical. Other forms of human movement are sometimes
said to have a dance-like quality, including martial arts, gymnastics,
figure skating, synchronized swimming and many other forms of athletics.
Dance Like Nobody's Watching
Watch Them Whip: A
Decade of Viral Dance Moves | The New Yorker
A visual History of Social Dance in 25 Moves: Camille A. Brown
Let's Dance: David
Marks & The Marksmen
DRAKE - IN MY
FEELINGS (Kiki) Dance | Matt Steffanina & Megan Batoon
3 Simple Dance
Moves for Beginners (Hip Hop Dance Moves Tutorial) | Mihran Kirakosian
Chaka Khan - Like
is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian
Renaissance in the fifteenth century and later developed into a concert
dance form in France and Russia.
is dance performed for an audience. It is frequently
performed in a theatre setting, though this is not a requirement, and it
is usually choreographed and performed to set music.
is the art or practice of designing
movements of physical bodies
, or their depictions, in which motion, form,
or both are specified. Choreography may also refer to the design itself. A
choreographer is one who creates choreographies by practicing the art of
choreography, a process known as choreographing, which is composing a
sequence of dance steps, often to music, and planning and overseeing the
. Choreography is used in a
variety of fields, including musical theater, cheerleading,
cinematography, gymnastics, fashion shows, ice skating, marching band,
show choir, theatre, synchronized
and animated art. In the performing arts, choreography applies
to human movement and form. In dance, choreography is also known as dance
choreography or dance composition.
arranges actors' movements in a variety of production
settings that include theatre, television, film, opera, fashion and
animation. Movement directors usually work closely with the director and
the performers, collaborating with the creative team to realize the
physical life of a work. They propose a physical language to performers
and directors, and devise training methods or teach skills that will help
facilitate a specific physical style. The movement director may create, or
research and pass on, embodied information about etiquette, ethnicities
social codes, etc.), a character’s condition (related to medical
conditions within their historical context, and factors such as
inebriation, pregnancy, etc.) and personal journey (ageing, etc.), as well
as specialist movement (e.g. period dances, dexterity in falling, lifts
and acrobatics, animal work, cross-gendered performance) or chorus work.
Although choreography is part of a movement directors’ skill-set, this
does not mean that every choreographer is also a movement director. There
are also important differences between the movement director and the fight
director, where although the movement director will engage with the effect
of the relevant weapons on posture, movement and emotional state, the
fight choreography itself is directed by the specifically qualified fight
director. Specialist movement consultants may focus on other specific
is a specialized technique in theatre designed to create the
without causing harm to the performers. It's employed in live stage plays
as well as operatic and ballet productions.
is the performance of extraordinary human feats of balance,
agility, and motor coordination. It can be found in many of the performing
arts, sporting events, and martial arts. Acrobatics is most often
associated with activities that make extensive use of gymnastic elements,
such as acro dance, circus, and gymnastics, but many other athletic
activities — such as ballet and diving — may also employ acrobatics.
Although acrobatics is most commonly associated with human body
performance, it may also apply to other types of performance, such as
is a sport that includes exercises requiring balance,
strength, flexibility, agility, coordination and endurance. The movements
involved in gymnastics contribute to the development of the arms, legs,
shoulders, back, chest and abdominal muscle groups. Alertness, precision,
daring, self-confidence and self-discipline are mental traits that can
also be developed through gymnastics. Gymnastics evolved from exercises
used by the ancient Greeks that included skills for mounting and
dismounting a horse, and from circus performance skills. Other disciplines
include rhythmic gymnastics, trampolining and tumbling, acrobatic
gymnastics and aerobic gymnastics. Disciplines not currently recognized by
include wheel gymnastics, aesthetic group gymnastics, men's
rhythmic gymnastics, TeamGym and mallakhamba.
routines typically contain components of tumbling, dance,
jumps, cheers, and
. are defined as building performances displaying a person's
skill or dexterity.
is a film genre
sung by the
characters are interwoven into the narrative, sometimes accompanied by
is a person who writes plays. Also known as a dramatist.
Casting in performing arts
is a pre-production process for selecting a
certain type of actor, dancer, singer, or extra for a particular role or
part in a script, screenplay, or teleplay. This process is typically
utilized for a motion picture
television program, documentary, music video, play, or television
advertisement, etc. This involvement in a dramatic production,
advertisement, and or industrial video is intended for an audience, or
is a sample performance by an actor, singer, musician, dancer or other
performer. It typically involves the performer displaying their talent
through a previously memorized and rehearsed solo piece or by performing a
work or piece given to the performer at the audition or shortly before. In
some cases, such as with a model or acrobat, the individual may be asked
to demonstrate a range of professional skills. Actors may be asked to
present a monologue. Singers will perform a song in a popular music
context or an aria in a Classical context. A dancer will present a routine
in a specific style, such as ballet, tap dance or hip-hop, or show his or
her ability to quickly learn a choreographed dance piece. The audition is
a systematic process in which industry professionals select performers,
which is in some ways analogous to a job interview in the regular job
market. In an audition, the employer is testing the ability of the
applicant to meet the needs of the job and assess how well the individual
will take directions and deal with changes. After some auditions, after
the performer has demonstrated their abilities in a given performance
style, the audition panel may ask a few questions that resemble those used
in standard job interviews (e.g., regarding availability). Auditions are
required for many reasons in the performing arts world. Often, employing
companies or groups use auditions to select performers for upcoming shows
or productions. An audition for a performing opportunity may be for a
single performance (e.g., doing a monologue at a comedy club), for a
series or season of performances (a season of a Broadway play), or for
permanent employment with the performing organization (e.g., an orchestra
or dance troupe). Auditions for performing opportunities may be for
amateur, school, or community organizations, in which case the performers
will typically not be paid. As well, auditions are used to select or
screen candidates for entry to training programs (ballet school or circus
school); university programs (B.Mus, M.Mus, MFA in Theater);
performance-related scholarships and grants; or to be considered for
representation by a talent agency or individual agent.
is a method of determining the suitability of an actor or actress
for performing on film or in a particular role. The performer is generally
given a scene, or selected lines and actions, and instructed to perform in
front of a camera to see if they are suitable. The developed film is later
evaluated by the relevant production personnel such as the casting
director and the director. The actor may be asked to bring a prepared
monologue or alternatively, the actor may be given a script to read at
sight ("cold reading"). In some cases, the actor may be asked to read a
scene, in which another performer reads the lines of another character.
is a brief appearance or voice part of a known person
in a work of the performing arts. These roles are generally small, many of
ones, and are commonly
either appearances in a work in which they hold some special significance
(such as actors from an original movie appearing in its remake) or
renowned people making uncredited appearances.
Extra in acting
is a performer in a film, television show, stage,
musical, opera or ballet production, who appears in a nonspeaking or
nonsinging (silent) capacity, usually in the background (for example, in
an audience or busy street scene).
is a place in which art objects can be seen by an audience.
Expositions may present pictures, drawings, video, sound, installation,
performance, interactive art, new media art or sculptures by individual
artists, groups of artists or collections of a specific form of art.
The art works may be presented in museums, art halls, art clubs or private
art galleries, or at some place the principal business of which is not
the display or sale of art, such as a coffeehouse. An important
distinction is noted between those exhibits where some or all of the
works are for sale, normally in private art galleries, and those where
they are not. Sometimes the event is organized on a specific occasion,
like a birthday, anniversary or commemoration.
that can encompass a wide range of art genres including
music, dance, film, fine art, literature, poetry etc. and isn't solely
focused on "visual arts
." Arts festivals may feature
a mixed program that include music
, children's entertainment, science, or street theatre, and are
typically presented in venues over a period of time ranging from as short
as a day or a weekend to a month. Each event within the program is usually
separately ticketed. Arts festivals are largely curated by an artistic
director who handles the organizations' artistic direction and can
encompass different genres, including fringe theater festivals that are
open access, making arts festivals distinctive from greenfield festivals,
which typically are weekend camping festivals such as Glastonbury, and
Visual Arts Festivals, which concentrate on the visual arts. Another type
of arts festivals are music festivals, which are outdoor musical events
usually spanning a weekend, featuring a number of bands and musical genres
including pop, rock, heavy-metal, and more. Since the 1960s, world-music
festivals have become popular in a variety of countries. The most
well-recognized music festival was Woodstock, which took place in 1969 in
Bethel, New York. It was attended by 400,000 people and featured
performances by The Who, Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, and the Grateful Dead.
is an educational institution with a primary
focus on the visual arts, including fine art, especially illustration,
painting, photography, sculpture, and graphic design. Art schools are
institutions with elementary, secondary, post-secondary or undergraduate,
or graduate or postgraduate programs in these areas.
are those subjects or skills that in classical antiquity were considered
essential for a free person (Latin: liberalis, "worthy of a free person")
to know in order to take an active part in civic life, something that (for
Ancient Greece) included participating in
, defending oneself
, serving on juries, and most
importantly, military service. Grammar, logic, and rhetoric were the core
liberal arts, while arithmetic, geometry, the theory of music, and
astronomy also played a (somewhat lesser) part in education. Today it can
refer to academic subjects such as literature,
, and social and physical sciences, or
it can also refer to overall studies in a liberal arts degree program. For
example, Harvard University offers a Bachelor of Arts degree, which covers
the social and physical sciences as well as the
. For both interpretations, the term generally refers to
matters not relating to the professional, vocational, or technical
Visual Arts Education
is the area of learning that is based
upon only the kind of art that one can see, visual arts
sculpture, and design in jewelry, pottery, weaving, fabrics, etc. and
design applied to more practical fields such as commercial graphics and
home furnishings. Contemporary topics include photography, video, film,
design, and computer art. Art education may focus on students creating
art, on learning to criticize or appreciate art, or some combination of
are professional artists who teach and
integrate their art form, perspectives, and skills into a wide range of
settings. Teaching Artists work with schools, after school programs,
community agencies, prisons, jails, and social service agencies. The Arts
In Education movement grew from the work of Teaching Artists in schools.
Arts in Education
is an expanding field of educational
research and practice informed by investigations into learning through
arts experiences. In this context, the arts can include Performing arts
education (dance, drama, music), literature and poetry, storytelling,
Visual arts education in film, craft, design, digital arts, media and
photography. It is distinguished from art education by being not so much
about teaching art, but focused on: How to improve learning through the
arts. How to transfer learning in and through the arts to other
disciplines. Discovering and creating understanding of human behavior,
thinking, potential, and learning especially through the close observation
of works of art and various forms of involvement in arts experiences. Arts
integrated learning is a way to teach artistic skills in conjunction with
academic material. This approach to education values the process and
experiential learning as much as creation of art object or performance
is an approach to teaching that integrates the fine and
performing arts as primary pathways to learning. Arts integration differs
from traditional education by its inclusion of both the arts discipline
and a traditional subject as part of learning (e.g. using improvisational
drama skills to learn about conflict in writing.) The goal of arts
integration is to increase knowledge of a general subject area while
concurrently fostering a greater understanding and appreciation of the
fine and performing arts.
Arts-Based Environmental Education
brings art education and
in one undertaking. The approach has two essential characteristics. The
first is that it refers to a specific kind of environmental education that
starts off from an artistic approach. Different from other types of
outdoor or environmental education which offer room for aesthetic
experiences, AEE turns the tables in a fundamental way. Art is not an
added quality, the icing on the cake; it is rather the point of departure
in the effort to find ways in which people can connect to their
environment. A second fundamental characteristic is that AEE is one of the
first contemporary approaches of bringing together artistic practice and
environmental education in which practitioners also made an attempt to
formulate an epistemology.
Artist in Residence
programs invite artists, academicians, curators, and all
manner of creative people for a time and space away from their usual
environment and obligations. They provide a time of reflection, research,
presentation and/or production. They also allow an individual to explore
his/her practice within another community; meeting new people, using new
materials, experiencing life in a new location. Art residencies emphasize
the importance of meaningful and multi-layered cultural exchange and
immersion into another culture.
is a creative method of expression used as
a therapeutic technique. Art therapy originated in the fields of art and
psychotherapy and may vary in definition.
- Creative Writing
You can use a thousand words to describe a particular artwork,
sometimes use only one.
Art is something but never nothing.
Art is self-examination.
Art is Love.
Art is God.
Art is a Vision.
Art is a Dream.
Art is a Journey.
Art is the ability to see things before they even exist. To
start the unknown.
Art is sometimes a question.
Art sometimes tells a story.
Art sometimes is a historical marker.
Art is sometimes transcendent.
Art sometimes inspires new ideas.
Art is the joy of doing something new.
Art is a pause in infinity to stop and think.
Art is creating and recreating.
Art is having fun exploring your imagination.
Art is sometimes just exploring possibilities with no clear
Art is sometimes intentionally unexplainable with no real
Art is to speak a new language.
Art is to communicate on a different level.
Art is an incredible physical skill and an incredible mental
skill of expression and vision.
Art is either defined or undefined.
Art is everything and everything is Art.
Art is creating magic from the physical world.
Art is an idea that has come alive to take shape.
There are many Types, Styles
Categories of Art
of shape, form, color and line to create a
composition which may exist with a degree of independence from
in the world.
is to present the world solely from a
subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in
order to evoke moods or ideas. Expressionist
artists sought to express the
of emotional experience rather than physical reality.
characterized by relatively small, thin,
yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate
depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the
effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of
movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and
unusual visual angles.
are the activities and creations of those
who felt the traditional forms of art,
, literature, religious
faith, philosophy, social organization, activities of daily life, and even
the sciences, were becoming ill-fitted to their tasks and outdated in the
new economic, social, and political environment of an emerging fully
is the name given to Western movements
in the decorative and visual arts
, literature, theatre, music, and
architecture that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of
Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome.
emphasized speed, technology, youth, and violence, and objects such as the
car, the aeroplane, and the industrial city. Although it was largely an
Italian phenomenon, there were parallel movements in Russia, England,
Belgium and elsewhere. The Futurists practiced in every medium of art
including painting, sculpture, ceramics, graphic design, industrial
design, interior design, urban design
, and even Futurist meals.
visual artworks and writings with the aim
to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and
". Artists painted unnerving, illogical
scenes with photographic precision, created strange creatures from
everyday objects and developed painting techniques that allowed the
unconscious to express itself.
was largely a reaction against naturalism
and realism, anti-idealistic styles which were attempts to
in its gritty particularity, and to elevate the humble and the
ordinary over the ideal. Symbolism
was a reaction in favour of
spirituality, the imagination, and dreams.
is the use of
that stand in for and
take the place of something else.
is the attempt to
truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions,
implausible, exotic and supernatural elements.
is a genre of
painting and sculpture resembling a high-resolution photograph.
Hyperrealism is considered an advancement of Photorealism by the methods
used to create the resulting paintings or sculptures.
genre of art that encompasses painting, drawing and other graphic media,
in which an artist studies a photograph
then attempts to reproduce the image as realistically as possible in
another medium. Although the term can be used broadly to describe artworks
in many different media, it is also used to refer specifically to a group
of paintings and painters of the American art movement that began in
the late 1960s and early 1970s.
concerned with the skills and methods of practical subjects such as
manufacture and craftsmanship
phrase has now gone out of fashion, but it was used during the Victorian
era and earlier as an antonym to the performing art and the fine art.
is occasionally used to describe crop plants in the
family Cucurbitaceae, like pumpkins, cucumbers, squash, luffa, and melons.
is the study of art by analyzing and
comparing form and style—the way objects are made and their purely visual
aspects. In painting, formalism emphasizes compositional elements such as
color, line, shape, texture, and other perceptual aspects rather than
iconography or the historical and social context. At its extreme,
formalism in art history posits that everything necessary to comprehending
a work of art is contained within the work of art. The context for the
work, including the reason for its creation, the historical background,
and the life of the artist, that is, its conceptual aspect is considered
to be of secondary importance. Anti-formalism in art would assert the
opposite ascription of respectively primary and secondary importance.
is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s)
involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic and
is an artistic genre of three-dimensional
works that often are site-specific and designed to transform the
perception of a space. Generally, the term is applied to interior spaces,
whereas exterior interventions are often called public art, land art or
intervention art; however, the boundaries between these terms overlap.
describes works of art that are not paintings,
large or medium-sized sculptures, prints or drawings. It therefore covers
a wide range of works, usually small and three-dimensional, of high
quality and finish in areas of the decorative arts, such as metalwork
items, with or without enamel, small carvings, statuettes and plaquettes
in any material, including engraved gems, hardstone carvings, ivory
carvings including Japanese netsuke and similar items, non-utilitarian
porcelain and glass, and a vast range of objects that would also be
classed as antiques (or indeed antiquities), such as small clocks,
watches, gold boxes, and sometimes textiles, especially tapestries. Books
with fine bookbindings might be included. Means literally "art object", or
work of art.
is the use of pre-existing objects or images with
little or no transformation applied to them. The use of appropriation has
played a significant role in the history of the arts (literary
visual, musical and performing arts). In the visual arts, to appropriate
means to properly adopt, borrow, recycle
or sample aspects (or the entire form) of human-made visual culture.
Inherent in our understanding of appropriation is the concept that the new
work recontextualizes whatever it borrows
to create the new work
. In most cases the original 'thing' remains
accessible as the original, without change.
art activities that occurred between genres in the
1960s. The areas such as those between drawing and poetry, or between
painting and theatre could be described as "intermedia". With repeated
occurrences, these new genres between genres could develop their own names
(e.g. visual poetry, performance art); historically, an example is haiga,
which combined brush painting and haiku into one composition.
consists of a variety of art forms, including plastic arts (e.g.,
pottery sculpture), visual arts (e.g., paintings), and textile arts (e.g.,
woven silk). Geographically, it spans the entire Indian subcontinent,
including what is now India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. A strong sense of
design is characteristic of Indian art and can be observed in its modern
and traditional forms.
encompasses the history of visual art in Europe. European
prehistoric art started as mobile rock, and cave painting art, and was
characteristic of the period between the Paleolithic and the Iron Age.
Works on Paper
Prints and Drawings
is the art of today, produced by
artists who are living in the twenty-first century. Contemporary art
provides an opportunity to reflect on contemporary society and the issues
relevant to ourselves, and the world around us. Contemporary artists work
in a globally influenced, culturally diverse, and technologically
advancing world. Their art is a dynamic combination of materials, methods,
concepts, and subjects that challenge traditional boundaries and defy easy
definition. Diverse and eclectic, contemporary art as a whole is
distinguished by the very lack of a uniform,
ideology, or ‘ism.’ Contemporary art is part of a cultural dialogue that
concerns larger contextual frameworks such as personal and cultural
identity, family, community, and nationality.
are art forms such as ceramics,
, sculpture, printmaking, design
. Many artistic disciplines
) involve aspects of the
visual arts as well as arts of other types. Also included within the
visual arts are the applied arts such as industrial design, graphic
design, fashion design
, interior design and decorative art.
Visual Artists Rights Act
process by which imagery is created or manipulated outside the context of
a live action shot in film making. Visual effects involve in the
integration of live-action footage (special effects) and generated imagery
(digital effects) to create environments which look realistic, but would
be dangerous, expensive, impractical, time consuming or impossible to
capture on film. Visual effects using Computer-Generated
) have recently become
accessible to the independent filmmaker with the introduction of
affordable and easy-to-use animation and compositing software.
is the science
, art, application and practice of creating durable images
by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either
electronically by means of an
or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic
for capturing still
images or for recording moving images ("video"), which are stored in a
physical medium such as in a digital system or on photographic film. The
camera is the main instrument in the art of photography and captured
images may be reproduced later as a part of the process of photography,
digital imaging and
also referred to as pinhole image, is the natural optical phenomenon that
occurs when an image of a scene at the other side of a screen (or for
instance a wall) is projected through a small hole in that screen as a
reversed and inverted image (left to right and upside down) on a surface
opposite to the opening. The surroundings of the projected image have to
relatively dark for the image to be clear, so many historical
camera obscura experiments were performed in dark rooms. Digital Fine Art
is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on
one side with a
containing microscopically small light-sensitive
crystals. The sizes and other characteristics of the crystals
determine the sensitivity, contrast and
of the film.
is an image created by light falling on a light-sensitive
surface, usually photographic film or an electronic medium such as a
or a CMOS chip
. Most photographs are created using a camera, which uses a
to focus the scene's visible wavelengths of light into a reproduction
of what the human eye would see.
"There are no rules for good photographs, there are only good
"In wisdom gathered over time I have found that every
experience is a form of exploration." -
"It is my intention to present through the medium of
photography intuitive observations of the natural world which may have
meaning to the spectators." -
"Photography helps people to see." -
"A good snapshot stops a moment from running away."
"A photograph is a secret about a secret, the more it
tells the less you know."
" Images of the world through the window of
my lens as seen by my heart. " -
an artifact that depicts visual perception, for example, a photo or a
, that has a similar appearance to some
subject—usually a physical object or a person, thus providing a depiction
of it. An iconic mental
. A simple picture that which presents an intellectual
and emotional complex in an instant of time. A
an object or scene or person or abstraction) produced on a surface A
standard or typical example. Language used in a figurative or non-literal
sense. Someone who closely resembles a famous person (especially an
actor). A personal facade that one presents to the world. (mathematics)
the set of values of the dependent variable for which a function is
defined. The general impression that something (a person or
organization or product) presents to the public. A representation of a
person (especially in the form of sculpture). Render visible, as by means
of MRI. Imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind.
form of entertainment that enacts a story by sound
images giving the illusion of continuous movement. A medium that
disseminates moving pictures
Photographic material consisting of a base of celluloid covered with a
photographic emulsion; used to make negatives or transparencies. A thin
coating or layer superficial. A thin sheet of (usually plastic and usually
transparent) material used to wrap or cover things.
creates motion content for film, television, commercial, and
publishing clients. The
(special effects) - Time Lapse
is the science or art of
recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically
by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive
material such as film stock.
Cinematography Winner. Ever. (1929-2018 Oscars)
is the chief over the camera and light crews working
on a film, television production
other live action piece and is responsible for making artistic and
technical decisions related to the image. The study and practice of this
field is referred to as cinematography. The cinematographer selects the
camera, film stock, lens, filters, etc., to realize the scene in
accordance with the intentions of the director. Relations between the
cinematographer and director
vary; in some instances the director will allow the cinematographer
complete independence; in others, the director allows little to none, even
going so far as to specify exact camera placement and lens selection. Such
a level of involvement is not common once the director and cinematographer
have become comfortable with each other; the director will typically
convey to the cinematographer what is wanted from a scene visually, and
allow the cinematographer latitude in achieving that effect.
is a method of printing originally based on the
immiscibility of oil and water. The printing is from a stone (lithographic
limestone) or a metal plate with a smooth surface. Lithography originally
used an image drawn with oil, fat, or wax onto the surface of a smooth,
level lithographic limestone plate. The stone was treated with a mixture
of acid and gum arabic, etching the portions of the stone that were not
protected by the grease-based image. When the stone was subsequently
moistened, these etched areas retained water; an oil-based ink could then
be applied and would be repelled by the water,
sticking only to the
original drawing. The ink would finally be transferred to a blank paper
sheet, producing a printed page. This traditional technique is still used
in some fine art printmaking applications.
is a process used in microfabrication to pattern
parts of a thin film or the bulk of a substrate. It uses light to transfer
a geometric pattern from a photomask to a light-sensitive chemical
"photoresist", or simply "resist," on the substrate. A series of chemical
treatments then either engraves the exposure pattern into the material or
enables deposition of a new material in the desired pattern upon the
material underneath the photo resist. For example, in complex integrated
circuits, a modern CMOS wafer will go through the photolithographic cycle
up to 50 times.
is a piece of art or image made from the assembling of small pieces of
colored glass, stone, or other materials. It is often used in decorative
art or as interior decoration. Most mosaics are made of small, flat,
roughly square, pieces of stone or glass of different colors, known as
tesserae. Some, especially floor mosaics, are made of small rounded pieces
and called "pebble mosaics". Mosaic Image using tiny words
to make Word Art, because a picture is worth more than a thousand words
is a picture (usually a photograph) that has been
divided into (usually equal sized) tiled sections, each of which is
replaced with another photograph that matches the target photo. When
viewed at low magnifications, the individual
pixels appear as the
primary image, while close examination reveals that the image is in fact
made up of many hundreds or thousands of smaller images. Most of the time
they are a computer-created type of montage. (also known under the term
Photomosaic, a portmanteau of photo and mosaic).
is a small arrangement of tiles, or in some cases a single tile, with a
painted pattern or image on top. It is often used as an umbrella term that
includes other forms of tile-based art, such as mosaics,
, and stained glass. Unlike mosaics, tile art can include
larger pieces of tiles that are pre-decorated. While mosaics use pieces of
tesserae or another material to construct a
pattern from small components
, other methods, such as engraving,
, and molding may be used in
tile art. While mosaics are considered a type of tile art, there are many
other forms that are also considered tile art.
is an applied arts form in which
is the main medium of expression. It
is an art form in which either a sculpture produces light, or light is
used to create a "sculpture" through the manipulation of light,
and shadows. These sculptures can be temporary or permanent, and can exist
in two distinctive spaces: indoor galleries, such as museum exhibits, or
outdoors at events like festivals. Light art can be an interaction of
light with in an architectural space. Light artist are those that devote
all their creative experimentation to light art, some artist experiment
with light and neon signage and use light in their practice but would be
artist using light.
Photos with Colors Manipulated
works with the director, choreographer, set
designer, costume designer, and sound designer to create the lighting,
atmosphere, and time of day for the production in response to the text,
while keeping in mind issues of visibility, safety, and cost. The LD also
works closely with the stage manager or show control programming, if show
control systems are used in that production. Outside of stage lighting the
job of a Lighting Designer can be much more diverse and they can be found
working on rock and pop tours, corporate launches, art installation and on
massive celebration spectaculars, for example the Olympic Games opening
and closing ceremonies.
is an artistic work or practice that uses
digital technology as an essential part of the creative or presentation
process. Since the 1970s, various names have been used to describe the
process including computer art and multimedia art
, and digital art is
itself placed under the larger umbrella term new media art.
is an art practice where humans work with live
tissues, bacteria, living organisms, and life processes. Using scientific
processes such as biotechnology (including technologies such as genetic
engineering, tissue culture, and cloning) the artworks are produced in
laboratories, galleries, or artists' studios. The scope of BioArt is
considered by some artists to be strictly limited to "living forms", while
other artists would include art that uses the imagery of contemporary
medicine and biological research, or require that it address a controversy
or blind spot posed by the very character of the life sciences.
describes a range of artistic practices encompassing both
historical approaches to nature in art and more recent ecological and
politically motivated types of works.
is a Western art movement that borrows
visual forms from non-Western or prehistoric peoples
is unlike High Renaissance art that
emphasizes proportion, balance, and ideal beauty, Mannerism exaggerates
such qualities, often resulting in compositions that are asymmetrical or
unnaturally elegant. Mannerism is notable for its intellectual
sophistication as well as its artificial (as opposed to naturalistic)
qualities. Mannerism favors compositional tension and instability rather
than the balance and clarity of earlier Renaissance painting. Mannerism in
literature and music is notable for its highly florid style and
is a work of art depicting mostly inanimate
subject matter, typically commonplace objects which may be either natural
(food, flowers, dead animals, plants, rocks, or shells) or man-made
(drinking glasses, books, vases, jewelry, coins, pipes, and so on).
combines the modern technology of the
chainsaw with the ancient art of woodcarving.
Street Art Graffiti
adapting a device for
some use other than that which it
was designed for
, or building a device from unusual components in an
ad-hoc fashion. Improvisation, within the context of performing arts, is a
very spontaneous performance without specific or scripted preparation. The
skills of improvisation can apply to many different faculties, across all
artistic, scientific, physical, cognitive, academic, and non-academic
are a three-dimensional full-size or miniature model
, sometimes enclosed
in a glass showcase for a museum. Dioramas are often built by hobbyists as
part of related hobbies such as military vehicle modeling, miniature
figure modeling, or aircraft modeling.
is a form of art that involves the spectator
in a way that allows the art to achieve its purpose. Some
installations achieve this by letting the observer or visitor "walk" in,
on, and around them; some others ask the artist or the spectators to
become part of the artwork.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art Collection Online
Designs by GratefulDan
are people or works that are experimental, radical, or unorthodox, with
respect to art, culture, and society.
is a general adjective for the strange, fantastic,
incongruous, unpleasant, or disgusting, and thus is often used to describe
weird shapes and distorted forms such as
. In art,
performance, and literature, however, grotesque may also refer to
something that simultaneously invokes in an audience a feeling of
uncomfortable bizarreness as well as sympathetic pity.
is something shockingly repellent that inspires
is art that aims to transgress or to outrage or
violate basic morals and sensibilities.
is to spoil the surface or appearance of something by
drawing or writing on it in order to mar, disfigure or to damage or
vandalize something, especially a surface, in a visible or conspicuous
manner. To void or devalue, or to nullify or degrade the face value of
is something that is
tastelessly indecent and outrageously bad or reprehensible without
to be highly offensive and arousing a feeling of intense dislike or
disgust. Something that causes to move back by force or influence.
is a literary and artistic movement originating c. 1930
in Japan. (eroticism, sexual corruption, and decadence).
How do you avoid sending the wrong
something out of the ordinary and unexpected. Something slightly odd or
even a bit weird. Something that was not known before and relating to or
originating in or characteristic of another place or part of the world.
is something odd or unusual.
Suggesting the operation of supernatural influences.
is something originating in or
characteristic of another place or part of the world, other than your own.
Not contained in or deriving from what is usually natural, something
introduced from an outside source.Alien
is anyone or anything that does not belong in the environment in which
they are found. Being or from or characteristic of another place or part
of the world.je ne sais quoi
is something indescribable that defies expression or description.
Something that is not easily describable.
? What is
? Is it just the
to be Creative
is a person who is
interpreting and evaluating
art. Their written critiques or
contribute to art criticism and they are published in
magazines, books, exhibition brochures and catalogues and on web sites.
Some of today's art critics use art blogs and other online platforms in
order to connect with a wider audience and expand
What is Ugly
is the discussion
of visual art.
Art critics usually criticize art in the context of aesthetics or the
theory of beauty
. A goal of art
criticism is the pursuit of a rational basis
for art appreciation but it
whether such criticism can transcend prevailing
socio-political circumstances. Spam
practice of judging
the merits and
faults of something. An evaluative
or corrective exercise can occur in any
area of human life. Criticizing
to find Fault
with something or someone and point out real or
is the wasting of time and
energy looking for small or unimportant and trivial errors or faults in
someone or in something just to criticize that something unnecessarily.
It's like being biased
, or just
that something is
. This is not to
say that close observations
necessary, or that certain details
should be overlooked. It's just the timing
of that particular
observation that needs to be considered. This way
the point or the reason
observation is understood by all people involved. Avoid being
Unhealthy Forms of Criticism
do more harm
is to attack in speech or writing
or to hit or kick someone or something.
is a form of vigilantism in which targets are
is the pursuit of self-perceived justice without legal
authority or valid
refers to a mode of criticism that locates the reasons for
conditions in a society considered to be in a flawed social structure. It
may also refer to people adhering to a social critic's aim at practical
solutions by way of specific measures either for consensual reform or
powerful revolution. Slander
is harsh criticism or disapproval.
Rebuke formally or being excommunicated.
is to censure
severely or angrily
is when a person is given a manuscript copy, several or many copies, but not the
, the textual critic might seek to reconstruct the
original text (the archetype or autograph) as closely as possible. The
same processes can be used to attempt to reconstruct intermediate
versions, or recensions, of a document's transcription history. The
ultimate objective of the textual critic's work is the production of a
"critical edition" containing a scholarly curated text.
is the systematic study, evaluation, and
of different aspects
of translated works. It is an interdisciplinary academic field closely
related to literary criticism and
refers to the judgment of their perceived quality or
as works of art.
or state of mind characterized by a general
distrust of others'
. A cynic may have a general lack of faith or hope in the human
species or people motivated by ambition, desire, greed, gratification,
materialism, goals, and
that a cynic perceives as vain, unobtainable, or ultimately
meaningless and therefore deserving of
or admonishment. A common misapplication of this attitude
involves its attribution to individuals who emote well-thought-out
expressions of skepticism
may occur as the result of either inexperience or a
belief system in which the innate goodness of man is considered an
important tenet or even an irrefutable fact. Thus, contemporary usage
incorporates both a form of jaded prudence (when misapplied) and realistic
. The term
originally derives from the ancient Greek philosophers, the Cynics, who
rejected all conventions, whether of religion, manners, housing, dress, or
decency, instead advocating the pursuit of virtue in accordance with a
simple and idealistic way
is a statement that expresses a
. A written
explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other
textual material. Provide interlinear
for words or phrases.
is an expression of opinions or offering of
about an event or
situation. A descriptive spoken account of an event or performance as it
Comments on Websites
is the act of
or classifying one's
own blog, book, film, or other forms of media. This is done out of fear
of, or deference to, the sensibilities or preferences (actual or
perceived) of others and without overt pressure from any specific party or
institution of authority. Self-censorship is often practiced by film
producers, film directors, publishers, news anchors, journalists,
musicians, and other kinds of authors including individuals who use social
includes remarks from
, people or
with some role in
the issue at stake, but at a different time or level of process. May be
oral or written and not infrequently utilize audio visual aids such as
thumbdrives, CD's or overhead projectors (transparencies or opaque
material). They may include video clips.
Freedom of Speech
is a type of review article. A literature review is a
which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as
well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular
topic. Literature reviews are secondary sources, and do not report new or
original experimental work. Most often associated with academic-oriented
literature, such reviews are found in
and are not to be confused with book reviews that may also appear in the
same publication. Literature
are a basis for research in nearly every academic field. A narrow-scope
literature review may be included as part of a peer-reviewed journal
article presenting new research, serving to situate the current study
within the body of the relevant literature and to provide context for the
reader. In such a case, the review usually precedes the methodology and
results sections of the work. Producing a literature review may also be
part of graduate and post-graduate student work, including in the
preparation of a thesis, dissertation, or a journal article. Literature
reviews are also common in a research proposal or prospectus (the document
that is approved before a student formally begins a
is an article that summarizes the current state of understanding on a
topic. A review article surveys and summarizes previously published
studies, rather than reporting new facts or analysis. Review articles are
sometimes also called survey articles or, in news publishing, overview
articles. Academic publications that specialize in review articles are
known as review journals. Review articles teach about: The main people
working in a field. Recent major advances and discoveries. Significant
gaps in the research. Current debates. Ideas of where research might go
Topic and Comment
of a sentence is what is being talked about, and the
comment (rheme or focus) is what is being said about the topic.
Letters to the Editor
from members of the public; the page opposite
this page is called the op-ed page and frequently contains opinion pieces
by writers not directly affiliated with the publication.
passages in books in order to refer back to key phrases
easily, or add marginalia to aid studying.
are marks made in the margins of a book or other document.
is a system for annotating a document in a way that is
syntactically distinguishable from the text.
provides information about other data.
s a chat-like feature of some websites that allows people to quickly leave
messages on the website, generally without any form of user registration.
Most Comments mean nothing at all. Some
about one particular detail, or it's someone just trying to be funny, or
it's someone who is mostly negative about a lot of things, or it's someone
who doesn't have enough knowledge and does not understand what they're
important, but feedback needs to be expressed by a
who is also an effective
, honest and
Otherwise it's just background noise that needs to be
is in charge of the overall visual appearance
and how it communicates visually, stimulates moods, contrasts features,
and psychologically appeals to a target audience. The art director makes
decisions about visual elements used, what artistic style to use, and when
to use motion.
rapid heartbeat, dizziness
, fainting, confusion and even
when an individual is exposed to an experience of great personal
significance, particularly viewing art.
is the most outstanding work of
. An outstanding
is French for a masterpiece, which is the most
of one’s career or lifetime.
refers to a creation
that has been given much critical
, especially one that is considered the greatest work of a person's
career or to a work of outstanding creativity, skill,
workmanship. Historically, the word refers to a work of a very
produced in order to obtain membership of a Guild or Academy.
is to improve something or to
development of something by doing what is
good or right
ignoring the facts or truth
of a particular matter.
Rights of Artists
Artists Rights Act
grants certain rights to artists and protection to
moral rights. Under VARA, works of art that meet certain requirements
afford their authors additional rights in the works,
regardless of any subsequent physical ownership of
the work itself
, or regardless of who holds the
to the work. For instance, a
painter may insist on proper attribution of his painting, and in some
instances may sue the owner of the physical painting for
destroying the painting even if the owner of the
painting lawfully owned it
. Although federal law had not
acknowledged Moral Rights
before this act,
some state legislatures and judicial decisions created limited
moral-rights protection. The Berne Convention required the protection of
these rights by signatory states, and it was in response that the U.S.
Congress passed the VARA. Exclusive rights under
right to claim authorship, right to prevent the use
of one's name on any work the author did not create, right to prevent use
of one's name on any work that has been distorted, mutilated, or modified
in a way that would be prejudicial to the author's honor or reputation,
right to prevent distortion, mutilation, or modification that would
prejudice the author's honor or reputation. Additionally, authors of works
of "recognized stature" may prohibit intentional or grossly negligent
destruction of a work. Exceptions to VARA require a waiver from the author
in writing. To date, "recognized stature" has managed to elude a precise
definition. VARA allows authors to waive their rights, something generally
not permitted in France and many European countries whose laws were the
originators of the moral rights of artists concept. In most instances, the
rights granted under VARA persist for the life of the author (or the last
surviving author, for creators of joint works). VARA provides its
protection only to paintings, drawings, prints, sculptures, still
photographic images produced for exhibition only, and existing in single
copies or in limited editions of 200 or fewer copies, signed and numbered
by the artist. The requirements for protection do not implicate aesthetic
taste or value.
Work of Art
is an aesthetic physical item or artistic
creation. Apart from "work of art", which may be used of any work regarded
as art in its widest sense, including works from literature and music,
these terms apply principally to tangible, portable forms of visual art:
An example of fine art, such as a painting or sculpture. An object that
has been designed specifically for its aesthetic appeal, such as a piece
of jewelry. An object that has been designed for aesthetic appeal as well
as functional purpose, as in interior design and much folk art. An object
created for principally or entirely functional, religious or other
non-aesthetic reasons which has come to be appreciated as art (often
later, and/or by cultural outsiders). A non-ephemeral photograph, film or
visual computer program, such as a video game or computer animation. A
work of installation art or conceptual art. Used more broadly, the term is
less commonly applied to: A fine work of architecture or landscape design.
A production of live performance, such as theater, ballet, opera,
performance art, musical concert and other performing arts, and other
ephemeral, non-tangible creations.
National Endowment for the Arts
Google Art Project
Arts in UA
20 x 200
Artists for Humanity
Artists Haven Gallery
Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
Museum of ArtMuseum
of the City of New York
List of Art Museums around the World
auctions features 24/7 online
auctions and immediate purchases of Modern and Contemporary paintings,
prints, photographs, and more.
Art Therapy Blog
Villareal: LED Art
Photo like images drawn with a Pencil
Samuel Silva's Ball Point Pen Art
Dirty Car Art
DIY Crafting and Gift Ideas
Create Dreamy works of Art with your Mouse
Online Coloring Book
Pittsburgh Art House for young Artists
Amit Sood: Every piece of art you've ever wanted to see — up
close and searchable
(video and interactive transcript)
Google Cultural Institute Art Project
21st Century juju
- Art News
Art in America
- Music News
2.1 Million Dots
How to Increase Your Artistic Abilities
Collaborative Art Book
Beach Sand Art
Sculpture made by Erik Pirolt (Norway) 2011
Art Exhibit makes you wonder and that's the whole point
Making Museums Moral Again
Treasures Trash Museum
The Treasures in the trash Collection
Number of People
by State who personally perform or create Art works (2014)
16 Emerging Artists to Watch in 2016
is a festival
encompass a wide range of art genres including music, dance, film, fine
art, literature, poetry etc. and isn't solely focused on "visual arts."
Arts festivals may feature a mixed program that include
, literature, comedy, children's
entertainment, science, or street theatre, and are typically presented in
venues over a period of time ranging from as short as a day or a weekend
to a month. Each event within the program is usually separately ticketed.
- Art Festivals
Art Curriculum & Methods VanDamme Academy
CARTA: Neurobiology Neurology, Art and Aesthetics
Khan Academy: Humanities Art History Basics
The Cool School - Documentary about
the LA Art Scene
Art 21 DVD
Abstract: The Art
of Design | Official Trailer [HD] | Netflix
(2017 TV Series)
Inside out Project
What you can do with Toothpicks
Thomas Heatherwick: Building the Seed
The Genius of Photography
1,001 Hand-Drawn Faces
David Binder: The Arts Festival Revolution
Leah Buechley: How to Sketch with Electronics
Aparna Rao: High-Tech Art
Marco Tempest: The Augmented Reality
Nathalie Miebach: Art made of Storms
Béatrice Coron: Stories Cut from Paper
Art - Mandelbrot
Painting with a Basketball
Jan Michel Basquiat: The Radiant
Jim McVicker: A Way of
Beautiful Losers (2008)
Your body is my canvas
Why do I Make Art? To Build Time Capsules for My Heritage
(video and text)
A Mother and Son United by Love and Art - Deborah Willis and Hank Willis
Thomas at TEDWomen 2017
. (video and text) Deborah Willis is an author
and curator, pioneering research that focused on cultural histories
envisioning the black body, women and gender. She is a celebrated
photographer, acclaimed historian of photography, MacArthur and Guggenheim
Fellow, and University Professor and Chair of the Department of
Photography & Imaging at the Tisch School of the Arts at New York
University. Willis received the NAACP Image Award in 2014 for her
co-authored book Envisioning Emancipation: Black Americans and the End of
Slavery (with Barbara Krauthamer) and in 2015 for the documentary Through
a Lens Darkly, inspired by her book Reflections in Black: A History of
Black Photographers 1840 to the Present.
Marina Abramović: The Artist is Present (2012)
Seductive, fearless, and outrageous, Marina Abramović has been
redefining art for nearly forty years. Using her own body as a
vehicle and at times risking her life in the process, she
creates performances that challenge, shock, and move us.
Aired: 06/13/2012 | Rated R | 1 hr. 45 min. Performance Art
An art made of trust, vulnerability and connection
(video and text)
Mitchell: Portrait of an Abstract Painter (1993)
Documentary of Joan Mitchell blends interviews with the
fascinating and complex woman--one of the great abstract
painters of the 20th century and a key figure in the Abstract
Expressionist scene--with images of her art. Aired:
01/01/1993 | 54 min.
Robert Williams Mr. Bitchin' (2013)
Documentary about multiple American counter-cultures, American
artist and underground legend and founder of Juxtapoze, from Hot
Rods to Punk and Metal, from LSD to the top of the art world.
Aired: 07/30/2013 | 1 hr. 29 min.
Beauty Is Embarrassing
Michael Hansmeyer: Building Unimaginable Shapes
Algorithms that design outrageously fascinating shapes and forms
with millions of facets using a
Diatomist Klaus Kemp
(youtube) Stone Balance and Videography by
Reuben Margolin: Sculpting waves in wood and time
Wrap Art - Birmingham
Zenyk Palagniuk spent 200 hours to wrap 24 kilometers to create
this amazing portrait!
Nails and String
Rozin, "PomPom Mirror," 2015
visualization of the change in colors of paintings over time
Fluid by Zelf Koelman
which puts this magnetic fluid in a
small aquarium-like case. Behind the glass are electromagnets
and software that allows the placement of the fluid to be
Behind the Mask: The Batman Dead End Story (2015)
feature length documentary about the making of the classic
Batman fan-film Batman: Dead End and its creator Sandy Collora.
Find out the story behind the short film that reignited a genre
filmmaker who made it happen. Movie Aired: 07/12/2015 |
1 hr. 39 min.
Bertoia Sonambient Sculpture Barn Motion Study
SprayPrinter - 21st century way of designing walls
Art Sculpture by Bernie Mitchell
to Create A Beautiful 3D Landscapes.
Dedos Lúdicos - Pintura em azulejo com as mãos, artesanato, arte
How Yarn Bombing grew into a worldwide movement
The Sacred Art of the Ori
"Everything is my canvas" Body painting.
Laolu Senbanjo from Nigeria (video and
(2014) Film explores the importance of art
education. Despite Arts huge impact,
is often one of the first programs to be cut,
especially when the
is hard hit.
Behind the Scenes (4K) - 17 square meters of mirrors
using Microsoft Excel
The Michelangelo of
(youtube) The 77-year-old artist is creating
remarkably intricate digital masterpieces of the Japanese landscape, all
on the free graphing software.
(Afro Bubble Gum Art)
Danish maker turns waste into art, furniture, vehicles & more
In the past several years he’s upcycled concert waste into a “Limbo Land”
theme park; old wheels, tarp and plywood into a teardrop-style bicycle
camper; beer-dispenser tubing into hanging lights; cafeteria food buckets
into animal statues, etc.
makes unique furniture & artifacts from waste
. Self-taught designer
Fernando Abellanas considers the city his playground.
“He who works with his hands is a laborer. He who works with his
hands and his head is a craftsman. He who works with his hands, his head
and his heart is an Artist."
Francis of Assisi
"Vision is the art of seeing the
"We must learn to reawaken and keep ourselves awake, not by
mechanical aids, but by an infinite expectation of the dawn, which does
not forsake us in our soundest sleep. I know of no more encouraging fact
than the unquestionable ability of man to elevate his life by a conscious
endeavor. It is something to be able to paint a particular picture, or to
carve a statue, and so to make a few objects beautiful; but it is far more
glorious to carve and paint the very atmosphere and medium through which
we look, which morally we can do. To affect the quality of the day, that
is the highest of arts." -
can make you see, not that
you were blind, it’s just that the way you were looking at
things before was constricted.
So you should never look at
things the same way through the
same eyes. Art is saying pay
attention. Not so much to bring attention but to say ‘Pay
"Artists to my mind are the real architects of change, and not
the political legislators who implement change after the fact."
- Living on
"The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious, it is
the source of all true art".
"Do not quench your inspiration and your
imagination; do not become the slave of your
"Art is a mirror held up to life"
"All art should be
useful, if it's merely decorative, it's a waste of time. You know, if
you're going to spend a couple of hours of your life listening to string
quartets or being at plays or going to a museum and looking at paintings,
something should happen to you. You should be changed."
"You can walk away from Art, but you
can never get away from Art."
"Everyone is an Artist, but not everyone chooses to explore Art."
"To remain whole, be twisted. To become straight, let yourself
be bent. To become full, be hollow. Be tattered, that you may be renewed."
"You have your
brush, you have your colors, you paint paradise, then you go in"
into the painting that is..
"Before the digital world,
painting someone was the first kind of Photoshop."
"Instead of an Artist trying to explain what an art piece is
saying, they should explain what they are saying without the Art Piece."
"Art depicts life, and life depicts art.
Life had to be created by an artist. And if so, then artists are
just mimicking what life has already created. But life still
needs artists, because we are far from being finished with
designing. It's like God started a painting and is expecting us
to finish it."
"We all know that Art is not truth. Art is a lie that
makes us realize truth, at least the truth that is given us to understand.
The artist must know the manner whereby to convince others of the
truthfulness of his lies. If he only shows in his work that he has
searched, and re-searched, for the way to put over lies, he would never
"I always wonder to what extent the artist aims to depict the reality
of a scene. Painters capture only one frame of reality and nothing before
or after it".
24 Frames Film
Exploitation of the Art World
There are ignorant people who want to exploit artists and profit off the
work that they do. These people use artists to make themselves look good
so they can then use that perceived success to exploit other people for
selfish gains. But there are people who do understand artists and know how
to help artists without exploiting them. But those people are not always
making the decisions. Do the math
accurately calculate value
, and then
step back and see the whole picture
Arts are a great way to create economic activity
and a great way to create jobs, but art is only one of many things that
need to be done.
What would you rather have, a Painting or an Untouched Photograph?
That depends on the painting and the photograph of course. A painting communicates on several
levels. You have the artists perception, you have the skill of
the artist, and then you have the painting itself. And you also
have historical value from a certain period in time. The
photograph has the image, it also has the time and place from
which the photo was taken. The photo also has the skill and the
perception of the photographer. Though a photograph is more
accurate then a painting, a painting can still communicate
I can take the photograph
and then paint that photograph and then I will have both, well almost. But
I can't take the painting and then take a photograph of that painting,
because it's still the same thing. So it still depends on the painting and
Photography as Art
Digital Fine Art - Scenic Still life - Tinted - Abstract
is the practice of using digital or analog
errors for aesthetic purposes by either corrupting digital data or
physically manipulating electronic devices.
Fabian Oefner: Psychedelic Science
Art Therapy breakthrough changing thousands of-lives in need
Simulacra and Simulation
is a 1981 philosophical
treatise by Jean Baudrillard, in which he seeks to examine the
relationships among reality, symbols, and society.
is a representation or imitation of a
person or thing.
turns Every Photo into Art using the styles of famous artists.
is a video editing app that lets you artistically
video-capture the world around you.
Technology and Art
has made a lot of things easier, especially art and
creativity. But not everyone has great artistic abilities. But
now with technology, a lot more people can explore their
creativity without having to know all the in-depth experience,
and knowledge that's needed in order to perform the
of Artistic Creation. This does this not mean that the
world will be over saturated with too many people exploring
their creativity, and some how drown out something that is
perceived to be significant, by way of
Having "More of Something" and Having "Too Much of Something"
are two different things.
Having more is having more opportunities to learn. Technology
has made it possible for more people to enter the arena, and
technology, along with
figure out how to organize it all and categorize it all, just
like we have been doing since the beginning. Except now we can
do it with greater accuracy, and in less time, and make our
information a lot more user friendly. All because we have made
these amazing tools we call technology. But don't thank
technology, thank the millions of people who contributed to
technologies creation, its design and its manufacturing. Doing
all that so that millions of other people can benefit from these
tools. Technology is an extension of man, a man made tool. So
when you say "I am going to use technology in order to complete
a task", what you should really be saying is that "I'm using the
work and the contribution of
millions of other people
to complete this task." Thanks to all who have contributed to
our benefit, Amen!. So it would be nice thing and a good idea to
honor other peoples hard work by doing something productive once
in a while. Don't waste all that time that other people saved
you, you wouldn't want other people to waste your time, would
Will technology hurt critical
? No. It took critical thinking to create technology,
and it will take more critical thinking to use technology
effectively and efficiently. It will also take more critical
thinking to monitor technologies accuracy, and it will take more critical thinking to improve
technology, when needed of course. The only time that Technology
hurts critical thinking is when a person lets it happen, or if
a person is not educated enough to know how to use human tools
without hurting themselves or others. Do I hear
another course being created?
Technology is Just a Tool
The Human Brain will always be King
To be an Artist is to have a Unique Mindset
is a unique set of parameters
or thought processes
that are used to complete a task, or to
reach a goal
. A mindset
on just the things that are
relevant to that particular goal. A mindset could be a skill, or
, or someone who is
an expert, or someone who is very knowledgeable and
about a particular subject. A subject that requires a unique
mindset that will help guide a person through a particular problem that
needs to be solved.
decision theory and general
, is a set of
, methods, or notations held by one or more people or
groups of people that is so established that it creates a
powerful incentive within these people or groups to continue to
adopt or accept prior behaviors
, choices, or tools.
What is Mindset
"To have a Knack for something goes
beyond possessing talent in a certain skill, it's like having a
natural ability, an ability that only reveals itself when
something new is learned and then used in a particular way."
The Perfect Sketchbook B5
Visual Tools - Elements of Design
is a simple sorting algorithm that builds the final
sorted array (or list) one item at a time. It is much less efficient on
large lists than more advanced
such as quicksort, heapsort, or merge sort. However, insertion sort
provides several advantages.
are large scale interference
that can be produced when an opaque ruled pattern with transparent gaps is
overlaid on another similar pattern. For the moiré interference pattern to
appear, the two patterns are not completely identical, they must be
displaced, rotated, etc. or have different, but similar pitch.
is a partitioning of a
plane into regions
based on distance to points in a specific subset of
the plane. That set of points (called seeds, sites, or generators) is
specified beforehand, and for each seed there is a corresponding region
consisting of all points closer to that seed than to any other. These
regions are called Voronoi cells. The Voronoi diagram of a set of points
is dual to its Delaunay triangulation.
is an effect that causes different signals to become indistinguishable (or
aliases of one another) when sampled. It also refers to the distortion or
artifact that results when the signal reconstructed from samples is
different from the original continuous signal.
Minimum Spanning Tree
is a subset of the edges of a connected,
edge-weighted undirected graph that connects all the vertices together,
without any cycles and with the minimum possible total edge weight. That
is, it is a spanning tree whose sum of edge weights is as small as
possible. More generally, any undirected graph (not necessarily connected)
has a minimum spanning forest, which is a union of the minimum spanning
trees for its connected components.
is a technique of painting in which small, distinct dots
of color are applied in patterns to form an image.
was the characteristic style in Neo-Impressionist painting
defined by the separation of colors into individual dots or patches which
Elements of Building Design Guides
visual hierarchy and contrast with typography
•Use white space appropriately
•Keep your design elements consistent
also known as a page schematic or screen blueprint,
is a visual guide that represents the
of a website
. Wireframes are created for the purpose of arranging
elements to best accomplish a particular purpose. The purpose is usually
being informed by a business objective and a creative idea. The wireframe
depicts the page layout or arrangement of the website’s content, including
interface elements and navigational systems, and how they work together.
The wireframe usually lacks typographic style, color, or graphics, since
the main focus lies in functionality, behavior, and priority of content.
In other words, it focuses on what a screen does, not what it looks like.
Wireframes can be pencil drawings or sketches on a whiteboard, or they can
be produced by means of a broad array of free or commercial software
applications. Wireframes are generally created by business analysts, user
experience designers, developers, visual designers, and by those with
expertise in interaction design, information architecture and user
research. Wireframes focus on: The range of functions available. The
relative priorities of the information and functions. The rules for
displaying certain kinds of information. The effect of different scenarios
on the display. The website wireframe connects the underlying conceptual
structure, or information architecture, to the surface, or visual design
of the website. Wireframes help establish functionality and the
relationships between different screen
templates of a website
. An iterative process, creating wireframes, is
an effective way to make rapid prototypes of pages, while measuring the
practicality of a design concept. Wireframing typically begins between
“high-level structural work—like flowcharts or site maps—and screen
designs.” Within the process of building a website, wireframing is where
thinking becomes tangible. Aside from websites, wireframes are utilized
for the prototyping of mobile sites, computer applications, or other
screen-based products that involve
Basic Elements of Design
is a piece of fabric (most often rectangular or quadrilateral)
with a distinctive design that is used as a symbol, as a signaling device,
or as decoration. Flag Code Communication
THE 5 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF FLAG DESIGN
1. Keep It Simple - The flag should be so simple that a child
can draw it from memory…
2. Use Meaningful Symbolism - The flag’s images, colors, or
patterns should relate to what it symbolizes…
3. Use 2–3 Basic Colors - Limit the number of colors on the flag
to 3, which contrast well and come from the standard color set.
4. No Lettering or Seals - Never use writing of any kind or an
5. Be Distinctive or Be Related - Avoid duplicating other flags,
but use similarities to show connections…
is the scientific study of the history,
symbolism and usage of flags or, by extension, any interest in flags in
Roman Mars: Why City Flags may be the worst designed thing
you've never noticed
is the use of
that stand in for and take the place of
something else. It is through representation that people organize the
world and reality through the act of naming
. Signs are arranged in order to form semantic
constructions and express relations.
Elements and Principles of the Visual Language
Visual Graphics Tools
Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics
aesthetically appreciates what, for which reasons and under
which situational and historical circumstances, and analyzes the
functions of aesthetic practices and preferences for individuals
Architect Reza Asgaripour, Draw Superb Two Point Perspective
need is a pen, a paper clip and one long elastic string tied to the
horizon of your canvas.
is the unfolding of
blossoms, blooming. The period of greatest prosperity or
Painting using Coffee Stains
"What might be irrelevant details to you, might be relevant details to someone else."