Facebook Twiter Goole Plus Linked In YouTube Blogger


Art are the products of human creativity; The creation of beautiful or significant things. A diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power. Works of art collectively. A superior skill that you can learn by study and practice and observation. Art can also be a second person singular form of be. How great thou art, meaning, how great you are.

Previous SubjectNext Subject

Art Skills - Art Types - Critics - Art News - Art Films - Art Websites

Art has the ability to make our world more beautiful. Art also inspires people to think more and to dream more. Art is truly a blessing, and a very unique expression of human intelligence. 

Process Art is an artistic movement as well as a creative sentiment where the end product of art and craft, the objet d’art, is not the principal focus.
Art Movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time, (usually a few months, years or decades) or, at least, with the heyday of the movement defined within a number of years.
Surrealist Automatism is a method of art making in which the artist suppresses conscious control over the making process, allowing the unconscious mind to have great sway.
Defamiliarization is the artistic technique of presenting to audiences common things in an unfamiliar or strange way in order to enhance perception of the familiar. A central concept in 20th-century art and theory, ranging over movements including Dada, postmodernism, epic theatre, and science fiction, it is also used as a tactic by recent movements such as culture jamming.

Artistic Medium is a material used by an artist or designer to create a work.

Art to me is exploring your imagination, it’s expressing, it’s creating, it's educational, and it's communication. Sometimes I look at Art as a pause in time where someone uses the physical world to express an idea or to ask a question, what is this? And the question is not so much focused on the art itself, but something else.  In a way, Art becomes more of a reminder that tells us to always ask "what is this?" And Art does not guarantee that you will find an answer, but at the least it will make you see that there will always be things beyond your awareness. And that stimulation of the brain is the seed of evolution.

Skills Related to Art

Artist is a person engaged in one or more of any of a broad spectrum of activities related to creating art, practicing the arts or demonstrating an art. The common usage in both everyday speech and academic discourse is a practitioner in the visual arts only.

Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface (support base). The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush, but other implements, such as knives, sponges, and airbrushes, can be used.

Graphic Designer is a professional within the graphic design and graphic arts industry who assembles together images, typography, or motion graphics to create a piece of design. A graphic designer creates the graphics primarily for published, printed or electronic media, such as brochures (sometimes) and advertising. They are also sometimes responsible for typesetting, illustration, user interfaces, web design, or take a teaching position. A core responsibility of the designer's job is to present information in a way that is both accessible and memorable.

Product Design

Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions. It is one of the plastic arts. Durable sculptural processes originally used carving (the removal of material) and modelling (the addition of material, as clay), in stone, metal, ceramics, wood and other materials but, since Modernism, there has been an almost complete freedom of materials and process. A wide variety of materials may be worked by removal such as carving, assembled by welding or modelling, or molded, or cast.

Visual Literacy is the ability to interpret, negotiate, and make meaning from information presented in the form of an image, extending the meaning of literacy, which commonly signifies interpretation of a written or printed text. Visual literacy is based on the idea that pictures can be “read” and that meaning can be through a process of reading. Visual Storytelling
Aesthetics the study of sensory or sensori-emotional values, sometimes called judgments of sentiment and taste dealing with the nature of art and the creation and appreciation of beauty.
Style the visual appearance of a work of art that relates it to other works by the same artist or one from the same period, training, location, "school", art movement or archaeological culture.
Composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art, as distinct from the subject of a work according to the principles of art such as balance, proportion, emphasis, variety, movement, rhythm and harmony.
Spatial Intelligence
Visual Tools
Technology and Art

Illustrator is an artist who specializes in enhancing writing or elucidating concepts by providing a visual representation that corresponds to the content of the associated text or idea. The illustration may be intended to clarify complicated concepts or objects that are difficult to describe textually, which is the reason illustrations are often found in children's books.
Depiction is a form of non-verbal representation in which two-dimensional images (pictures) are regarded as viable substitutes for things seen, remembered or imagined.
Artistic Rendering in visual art and technical drawing means the process of formulating, adding color, shading, and texturing of an image.
Info-Graphic are graphic visual representations of information, data or knowledge intended to present information.
Ideogram is a graphic symbol that represents an idea or concept, independent of any particular language, and specific words or phrases.
CRONZY Pen - Over 16-million colors in your pocket
Mind Maps

What makes a truly great Logo (youtube)
Seal (emblem)

Illuminated Manuscript
Computer Graphics
Computer scientists make more realistic in computer graphics using glint algorithm

Feng Shui 
Art Categories 

Cake Decorating
Pastry Chef
Food Preparation
How to Make Carrot Flowers, Vegetable Carving Garnish, Sushi Garnish, Food Decoration (youtube)
How to make Vegetable Garnish, Food Decoration, Plating Garnishes, Food Presentation, Food Art (youtube)

Fine Arts (wiki)
Theater (wiki)
Performing Arts (wiki)
Performance Art 
Entertainment (wiki)

Art Therapy (wiki)

Visual Arts Education
Art School
Teaching Artist
Arts in Education
Arts Integration

Creative Thinking
Creative Writing
Motor Skills
Visual Variable Tools

Spatial intelligence
Self-Directed Learning
Problem Solving 

Art Teacher Degrees
Arts-Based Environmental Education

Artist in Residence


You can use a thousand words to describe a particular artwork, and sometimes use only one.
Art is something but never nothing.
Art is self-examination.
Art is Love.
Art is God.  
Art is a Vision.
Art is a Dream.
Art is a Journey.
Art is the ability to see things before they even exist. To start the unknown.
Art is sometimes a question.
Art sometimes tells a story.
Art sometimes is a historical marker.
Art is sometimes transcendent.
Art sometimes inspires new ideas.
Art is the joy of doing something new.
Art is a pause in infinity to stop and think.
Art is creating and recreating.
Art is having fun exploring your imagination.
Art is sometimes just exploring possibilities with no clear intention.
Art is sometimes intentionally unexplainable with no real definition.
Art is to speak a new language.
Art is to communicate on a different level.
Art is an incredible physical skill and an incredible mental skill of expression and vision.
Art is either defined or undefined.
Art is everything and everything is Art.
Art is creating magic from the physical world.
Art is an idea that has come alive to take shape.

Art Categories

There are many Types, Styles, Genres and Categories of Art: Art Types
19th - Early 20th Century
Works on Paper
Contemporary Art
Prints and Drawings
Visual Arts
Performing Arts
Performance Art
Literary Arts
Liberal Arts are those subjects or skills that in classical antiquity were considered essential for a free person (Latin: liberalis, "worthy of a free person") to know in order to take an active part in civic life, something that (for Ancient Greece) included participating in public debate, defending oneself in court, serving on juries, and most importantly, military service. Grammar, logic, and rhetoric were the core liberal arts, while arithmetic, geometry, the theory of music, and astronomy also played a (somewhat lesser) part in education. Today it can refer to academic subjects such as literature, philosophy, mathematics, and social and physical sciences, or it can also refer to overall studies in a liberal arts degree program. For example, Harvard University offers a Bachelor of Arts degree, which covers the social and physical sciences as well as the humanities. For both interpretations, the term generally refers to matters not relating to the professional, vocational, or technical curriculum.
Liberal Arts Education
Light Art
Digital Art
Installation Art
Digital Fine Art
Environmental Art describes a range of artistic practices encompassing both historical approaches to nature in art and more recent ecological and politically motivated types of works.
Still Life
and so on.

Avant-Garde are people or works that are experimental, radical, or unorthodox, with respect to art, culture, and society.

Chainsaw Carving (wiki)
Chainsaw Art 
Street Art Graffiti
Interactive Art

Speed Painting (youtube)
Objet d'art
Work of Art
The Metropolitan Museum of Art Collection Online 

Tie Dye Designs by GratefulDan (youtube)

Macabre shockingly repellent; inspiring horror.
Grotesque is a general adjective for the strange, fantastic, ugly, incongruous, unpleasant, or disgusting, and thus is often used to describe weird shapes and distorted forms such as Halloween masks. In art, performance, and literature, however, grotesque may also refer to something that simultaneously invokes in an audience a feeling of uncomfortable bizarreness as well as sympathetic pity.
Ero Guro is a literary and artistic movement originating c. 1930 in Japan. (eroticism, sexual corruption, and decadence)
How do you avoid sending the wrong message?

Body Image
More ways to be Creative

Lighting Designer works with the director, choreographer, set designer, costume designer, and sound designer to create the
lighting, atmosphere, and time of day for the production in response to the text, while keeping in mind issues of visibility, safety, and cost. The LD also works closely with the stage manager or show control programming, if show control systems are used in that production. Outside of stage lighting the job of a Lighting Designer can be much more diverse and they can be found working on rock and pop tours, corporate launches, art installation and on massive celebration spectaculars, for example the Olympic Games opening and closing ceremonies.

Art Critic is a person who is specialized in analyzing, interpreting and evaluating art. Their written critiques or reviews contribute to art criticism and they are published in newspapers, magazines, books, exhibition brochures and catalogues and on web sites. Some of today's art critics use art blogs and other online platforms in order to connect with a wider audience and expand debate about art.
Art Criticism is the discussion or evaluation of visual art. Art critics usually criticise art in the context of aesthetics or the theory of beauty. A goal of art criticism is the pursuit of a rational basis for art appreciation but it is questionable whether such criticism can transcend prevailing socio-political circumstances.
Criticism is the practice of judging the merits and faults of something. An evaluative or corrective exercise can occur in any area of human life.
Social Criticism refers to a mode of criticism that locates the reasons for malicious conditions in a society considered to be in a flawed social structure. It may also refer to people adhering to a social critic's aim at practical solutions by way of specific measures either for consensual reform or powerful revolution.
Textual Criticism is when a person is given a manuscript copy, several or many copies, but not the original document, the textual critic might seek to reconstruct the original text (the archetype or autograph) as closely as possible. The same processes can be used to attempt to reconstruct intermediate versions, or recensions, of a document's transcription history. The ultimate objective of the textual critic's work is the production of a "critical edition" containing a scholarly curated text.
Translation Criticism is the systematic study, evaluation, and interpretation of different aspects of translated works. It is an interdisciplinary academic field closely related to literary criticism and translation theory.
Artistic Merit refers to the judgment of their perceived quality or value as works of art.
Self-Censorship is the act of censoring or classifying one's own blog, book, film, or other forms of media. This is done out of fear of, or deference to, the sensibilities or preferences (actual or perceived) of others and without overt pressure from any specific party or institution of authority. Self-censorship is often practiced by film producers, film directors, publishers, news anchors, journalists, musicians, and other kinds of authors including individuals who use social media.
Art Director is in charge of the overall visual appearance and how it communicates visually, stimulates moods, contrasts features, and psychologically appeals to a target audience. The art director makes decisions about visual elements used, what artistic style to use, and when to use motion.
Stendhal Syndrome is a psychosomatic disorder that causes rapid heartbeat, dizziness, fainting, confusion and even hallucinations when an individual is exposed to an experience of great personal significance, particularly viewing art.

Observation Effects
Body Image

Masterpiece is the most outstanding work of a creative artist or craftsman. An outstanding achievement.
pièce de résistance is French for a masterpiece; the most memorable accomplishment of one’s career or lifetime.
Masterpiece refers to a creation that has been given much critical praise, especially one that is considered the greatest work of a person's career or to a work of outstanding creativity, skill, profundity, or workmanship. Historically, the word refers to a work of a very high standard produced in order to obtain membership of a Guild or Academy.

Art Websites

National Endowment for the Arts Art Websites
Art Schools
Art Galleries
Moving Art
Smart History 
Deviant Art 
Google Art Project
Gravity Glue
Not Cot 
U Gallery
Society 6
Arts in UA
20 x 200
The Working Proof
Artists for Humanity
Gallery 1988
My Modern Met
Artists Haven Gallery 
Art Net auctions features 24/7 online auctions and immediate purchases of Modern and Contemporary paintings, prints, photographs, and more.
Gabriel Moreno
Art Therapy Blog
Art for Sale
Framing - Printing
Leo Villareal: LED Art

Photo like images drawn with a Pencil
Samuel Silva's Ball Point Pen Art
Dirty Car Art
DIY Crafting and Gift Ideas

Create Dreamy works of Art with your Mouse
Online Coloring Book
Pittsburgh Art House for young Artists  

Amit Sood: Every piece of art you've ever wanted to see — up close and searchable (video and interactive transcript)
Google Cultural Institute Art Project
21st Century juju 

Art News

Art NewsArt News Cover
Art News
Art Daily
Art News Paper
Art in America
Art knowledge News
Art Blogs
Communication Arts
2.1 Million Dots
Arts Journal
Art Info
Smashing Hub
Art Cyclopedia
Shen Yun
Bikini Lines
How to Increase Your Artistic Abilities (Wiki How)
Music News
Art Schools
Collaborative Art Book
Beach Sand Art
Snow Art
Sculpture made by Erik Pirolt (Norway) 2011 (youtube)
Dismaland (youtube)
Junk Culture
Art Exhibit makes you wonder and that's the whole point (NPR) 
Making Museums Moral Again (nyt)
Treasures Trash Museum
The Treasures in the trash Collection
Number of People by State who personally perform or create Art works (2014)
16 Emerging Artists to Watch in 2016

Film Symbol

Art Videos

Art Curriculum & Methods VanDamme Academy (youtube) 
CARTA: Neurobiology Neurology, Art and Aesthetics (youtube)
Khan Academy: Humanities Art History Basics
The Cool School - Documentary about the LA Art Scene (amazon)
Art 21 -
Website - Art 21 DVD (amazon)
Inside out Project
Burning Ice (snag films)
iPod Touch Painting (youtube)
What you can do with Toothpicks (vimeo)
Thomas Heatherwick: Building the Seed Cathedral (youtube)
The Genius of Photography (youtube)  
JR's Photography (youtube)
1,001 Hand-Drawn Faces (vimeo)
David Binder: The Arts Festival Revolution (TED)
Leah Buechley: How to Sketch with Electronics (TED)
Aparna Rao: High-Tech Art (youtube)
Marco Tempest: The Augmented Reality of Techno-Magic (youtube)
Nathalie Miebach: Art made of Storms (youtube)
Béatrice Coron: Stories Cut from Paper (youtube)
Math is Art - Mandelbrot (youtube)
Painting with a Basketball (youtube)
Blank City
Jan Michel Basquiat: The Radiant Child (hulu)
Jim McVicker: A Way of Seeing (youtube)
Beautiful Losers (2008) (hulu)
Alexa Meade: Your body is my canvas (video) 

Marina Abramović: The Artist is Present (2012) (hulu)
Seductive, fearless, and outrageous, Marina Abramović has been redefining art for nearly forty years. Using her own body as a vehicle and at times risking her life in the process, she creates performances that challenge, shock, and move us.
Aired: 06/13/2012 | Rated R | 1 hr. 45 min. 
Performance Art  is a performance presented to an audience within a fine art context, traditionally interdisciplinary. Performance may be either scripted or unscripted, random or carefully orchestrated; spontaneous or otherwise carefully planned with or without audience participation. The performance can be live or via media; the performer can be present or absent. It can be any situation that involves four basic elements: time, space, the performer's body, or presence in a medium, and a relationship between performer and audience. Performance art can happen anywhere, in any type of venue or setting and for any length of time. The actions of an individual or a group at a particular place and in a particular time constitute the work
An art made of trust, vulnerability and connection (video and text)

Joan Mitchell: Portrait of an Abstract Painter (1993) (hulu)
Documentary of Joan Mitchell blends interviews with the fascinating and complex woman--one of the great abstract painters of the 20th century and a key figure in the Abstract Expressionist scene--with images of her art.  Aired: 01/01/1993 | 54 min.

Robert Williams Mr. Bitchin' (2013)
Documentary about multiple American counter-cultures, American artist and underground legend and founder of Juxtapoze, from Hot Rods to Punk and Metal, from LSD to the top of the art world.  Aired: 07/30/2013 | 1 hr. 29 min.

Beautiful Losers (2008) (hulu)
Beauty Is Embarrassing (2012) (hulu)

Michael Hansmeyer: Building Unimaginable Shapes (video)
Algorithms that design outrageously fascinating shapes and forms with millions of facets using a 3D Printer.

The Diatomist Klaus Kemp (video)
Diatom (wiki)

Gravity Glue 2014 (youtube)  Stone Balance and Videography by Michael Grab.
Gravity Glue

Reuben Margolin: Sculpting waves in wood and time (video)
Films about Creativity

Bubble Wrap Art - Birmingham (youtube)

Artist Zenyk Palagniuk spent 200 hours to wrap 24 kilometers to create this amazing portrait! Nails and String

Daniel Rozin, "PomPom Mirror," 2015 (vimeo)

A visualization of the change in colors of paintings over time

Ferro Fluid by Zelf Koelman which puts this magnetic fluid in a small aquarium-like case. Behind the glass are electromagnets
and software that allows the placement of the fluid to be edited.

Behind the Mask: The Batman Dead End Story (2015)  A feature length documentary about the making of the classic Batman fan-film Batman: Dead End and its creator Sandy Collora. Find out the story behind the short film that reignited a genre and the filmmaker who made it happen. Movie Aired: 07/12/2015  |  1 hr. 39 min.

Harry Bertoia Sonambient Sculpture Barn Motion Study (youtube)

SprayPrinter - 21st century way of designing walls

Drywall Art Sculpture by Bernie Mitchell (youtube)
Artist uses Drywall Spackling Paste and Joint Compound to Create A Beautiful 3D Landscapes.

Dedos Lúdicos - Pintura em azulejo com as mãos, artesanato, arte de rua. (youtube channel)

How Yarn Bombing grew into a worldwide movement (video and text)

Art Recession (2014) Film explores the importance of art education. Despite Arts huge impact, Arts Education is often one of the first programs to be cut, especially when the economy is hard hit.

Impact - Behind the Scenes (4K) - 17 square meters of mirrors (youtube)

Art Quotes

“He who works with his hands is a laborer. He who works with his hands and his head is a craftsman. He who works with his hands, his head and his heart is an Artist."    (St. Francis of Assisi

"We must learn to reawaken and keep ourselves awake, not by mechanical aids, but by an infinite expectation of the dawn, which does not forsake us in our soundest sleep. I know of no more encouraging fact than the unquestionable ability of man to elevate his life by a conscious endeavor. It is something to be able to paint a particular picture, or to carve a statue, and so to make a few objects beautiful; but it is far more glorious to carve and paint the very atmosphere and medium through which we look, which morally we can do. To affect the quality of the day, that is the highest of arts."  (Henry David Thoreau

"An Artist can make you see, not that you were blind, it’s just that the way you were looking at things before was constricted.
So you should never look at things the same way through the same eyes. Art is saying pay attention. Not so much to bring attention but to say ‘Pay Attention’."

"Artists to my mind are the real architects of change, and not the political legislators who implement change after the fact."    (William S. Burroughs)  Living on the Fringe

"The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious, it is the source of all true art".   (Albert Einstein)  

"Do not quench your inspiration and your imagination; do not become the slave of your model."   (Vincent van Gogh

"Art is a mirror held up to life"

"All art should be useful, if it's merely decorative, it's a waste of time. You know, if you're going to spend a couple of hours of your life listening to string quartets or being at plays or going to a museum and looking at paintings, something should happen to you. You should be changed." (Edward Albee)

"You can walk away from Art, but you can never get away from Art."

"Everyone is an Artist, but not everyone chooses to explore Art."

"To remain whole, be twisted. To become straight, let yourself be bent. To become full, be hollow. Be tattered, that you may be renewed."  Lao Tzu

"You have your brush, you have your colors, you paint paradise, then you go in" into the painting that is.. Nikos Kazantzakis

"Before the digital world, painting someone was the first kind of Photoshop."

"Instead of an Artist trying to explain what an art piece is saying, they should explain what they are saying without the Art Piece."   

"Art depicts life, and life depicts art. Life had to be created by an artist. And if so, then artists are just mimicking what life has already created. But life still needs artists, because we are far from being finished with designing. It's like God started a painting and is expecting us to finish it."

Exploitation of the Art World
Ignorant people talk about how the arts are a great way to create economic activity and a great way to create jobs. This is because these people have no idea how to do math or how to accurately calculate value. So they must be talking to ignorant people who have money who have no idea of all the benefits that the arts bring to society. Too many Ignorant people want to exploit artists, they could care less about the many benefits that come from art. Yes the art world does create economic activity and jobs, but so does war. Economic activity and jobs does not always benefit us you morons, so please do the math, all of it.

What would you rather have, a Painting or an Untouched Photograph?

That depends on the painting and the photograph of course. A painting communicates on several levels. You have the artists perception, you have the skill of the artist, and then you have the painting itself. And you also have historical value from a certain period in time. The photograph has the image, it also has the time and place from which the photo was taken. The photo also has the skill and the perception of the photographer. Though a photograph is more accurate then a painting, a painting can still communicate information. I can take the photograph and then paint that photograph and then I will have both, well almost. But I can't take the painting and then take a photograph of that painting, because it's still the same thing. So it still depends on the painting and the photograph. 

Photography as Art  Photo Samples: 
Digital Fine Art - Scenic Still life - Tinted - Abstract Landscapes
Glitch Art
Website HTML Art

Fabian Oefner: Psychedelic Science (video)
Art Therapy breakthrough changing thousands of-lives in need 

Hyper-Matrix (vimeo)
Stepper Motor (wiki)
Three-phase AC Synchronous Motors (wiki)

Simulacra and Simulation (wiki)
Simulacrum (wiki)
Photography Resources

Prisma turns Every Photo into Art using the styles of famous artists.
Artisto is a video editing app that lets you artistically video-capture the world around you.

Technology and Art

Technology has made a lot of things easier, especially art and creativity. But not everyone has great artistic abilities. But now with technology, a lot more people can explore their creativity without having to know all the in-depth experience, skills and knowledge that's needed in order to perform the Craft of Artistic Creation. This does this not mean that the world will be over saturated with too many people exploring their creativity, and some how drown out something that is perceived to be significant, by way of Information Overload? Having "More of Something" and Having "Too Much of Something" are two different things. Having more is having more opportunities to learn. Technology has made it possible for more people to enter the arena, and technology, along with Human Ingenuity, will figure out how to organize it all and categorize it all, just like we have been doing since the beginning. Except now we can do it with greater accuracy, and in less time, and make our information a lot more user friendly. All because we have made these amazing tools we call technology. But don't thank technology, thank the millions of people who contributed to technologies creation, its design and its manufacturing. Doing all that so that millions of other people can benefit from these tools. Technology is an extension of man, a man made tool. So when you say "I am going to use technology in order to complete a task", what you should really be saying is that "I'm using the work and the contribution of millions of other people in order to complete this task." Thanks to all who have contributed to our benefit, Amen!. So it would be nice thing and a good idea to honor other peoples hard work by doing something productive once in a while. Don't waste all that time that other people saved you, you wouldn't want other people to waste your time, would you?

Math and Art

Will technology hurt critical thinking? No. It took critical thinking to create technology, and it will take more critical thinking to use technology effectively and efficiently. It will also take more critical thinking to monitor technologies accuracy, and it will take more critical thinking to improve technology, when needed of course. The only time that Technology hurts critical thinking is when a person lets it happen, or if a person is not educated enough to know how to use human tools without hurting themselves or others. Do I hear another course being created?

Technology is Just a Tool
The Human Brain will always be King

To be an Artist is to have a Unique Mindset

Mindset is A unique set of parameters or thought processes that are used to complete a task, or to reach a goal. A mindset focuses on just the things that are relevant to that particular goal. A mindset could be a skill, or a profession, or someone who is an expert, or someone who is very knowledgeable and experienced about a particular subject. A subject that requires a unique mindset that will help guide a person through a particular problem that needs to be solved.  

Mindset in decision theory and general systems theory, is a set of assumptions, methods, or notations held by one or more people or groups of people that is so established that it creates a powerful incentive within these people or groups to continue to adopt or accept prior behaviors, choices, or tools.

What is Mindset?
Growth Mindset


"To have a Knack for something goes beyond possessing talent in a certain skill, it's like having a natural ability, an ability that only reveals itself when something new is learned and then used in a particular way."

The Perfect Sketchbook B5

Visual Tools - Elements of Design

Visual Variables Tools
Insertion Sort is a simple sorting algorithm that builds the final sorted array (or list) one item at a time. It is much less efficient on large lists than more advanced algorithms such as quicksort, heapsort, or merge sort. However, insertion sort provides several advantages.

Moire Pattern are large scale interference patterns that can be produced when an opaque ruled pattern with transparent gaps is overlaid on another similar pattern. For the moiré interference pattern to appear, the two patterns are not completely identical, they must be displaced, rotated, etc. or have different, but similar pitch. Colors

Voronoi Diagram is a partitioning of a plane into regions based on distance to points in a specific subset of the plane. That set of points (called seeds, sites, or generators) is specified beforehand, and for each seed there is a corresponding region consisting of all points closer to that seed than to any other. These regions are called Voronoi cells. The Voronoi diagram of a set of points is dual to its Delaunay triangulation.

Aliasing is an effect that causes different signals to become indistinguishable (or aliases of one another) when sampled. It also refers to the distortion or artifact that results when the signal reconstructed from samples is different from the original continuous signal.

Minimum Spanning Tree is a subset of the edges of a connected, edge-weighted undirected graph that connects all the vertices together, without any cycles and with the minimum possible total edge weight. That is, it is a spanning tree whose sum of edge weights is as small as possible. More generally, any undirected graph (not necessarily connected) has a minimum spanning forest, which is a union of the minimum spanning trees for its connected components.

Pointillism is a technique of painting in which small, distinct dots of color are applied in patterns to form an image.

Divisionism was the characteristic style in Neo-Impressionist painting defined by the separation of colors into individual dots or patches which interacted optically.

Picture Smart
Pattern Recognition
Elements of Building Design Guides

•Create visual hierarchy and contrast with typography
•Use white space appropriately
•Keep your design elements consistent

Website Wireframe also known as a page schematic or screen blueprint, is a visual guide that represents the skeletal framework of a website. Wireframes are created for the purpose of arranging elements to best accomplish a particular purpose. The purpose is usually being informed by a business objective and a creative idea. The wireframe depicts the page layout or arrangement of the website’s content, including interface elements and navigational systems, and how they work together. The wireframe usually lacks typographic style, color, or graphics, since the main focus lies in functionality, behavior, and priority of content. In other words, it focuses on what a screen does, not what it looks like. Wireframes can be pencil drawings or sketches on a whiteboard, or they can be produced by means of a broad array of free or commercial software applications. Wireframes are generally created by business analysts, user experience designers, developers, visual designers, and by those with expertise in interaction design, information architecture and user research. Wireframes focus on: The range of functions available. The relative priorities of the information and functions. The rules for displaying certain kinds of information. The effect of different scenarios on the display. The website wireframe connects the underlying conceptual structure, or information architecture, to the surface, or visual design of the website. Wireframes help establish functionality and the relationships between different screen templates of a website. An iterative process, creating wireframes, is an effective way to make rapid prototypes of pages, while measuring the practicality of a design concept. Wireframing typically begins between “high-level structural work—like flowcharts or site maps—and screen designs.” Within the process of building a website, wireframing is where thinking becomes tangible. Aside from websites, wireframes are utilized for the prototyping of mobile sites, computer applications, or other screen-based products that involve human-computer interaction.

Basic Elements of Design (Info-Graph)

Theo van Doesburg

1. Keep It Simple - The flag should be so simple that a child can draw it from memory…
2. Use Meaningful Symbolism - The flag’s images, colors, or patterns should relate to what it symbolizes…
3. Use 2–3 Basic Colors - Limit the number of colors on the flag to 3, which contrast well and come from the standard color set.
4. No Lettering or Seals - Never use writing of any kind or an organization’s seal…
5. Be Distinctive or Be Related - Avoid duplicating other flags, but use similarities to show connections…

Flag Design
Vexillology is the scientific study of the history, symbolism and usage of flags or, by extension, any interest in flags in general.
Flag is a piece of fabric (most often rectangular or quadrilateral) with a distinctive design that is used as a symbol, as a signaling device, or as decoration.
Roman Mars: Why City Flags may be the worst designed thing you've never noticed (video)

Representation is the use of signs that stand in for and take the place of something else. It is through representation that people organize the world and reality through the act of naming its elements. Signs are arranged in order to form semantic constructions and express relations.

Sign is an object, quality, event, or entity whose presence or occurrence indicates the probable presence or occurrence of something else. A natural sign bears a causal relation to its object—for instance, thunder is a sign of storm, or medical symptoms signify a disease. A conventional sign signifies by agreement, as a full stop signifies the end of a sentence; similarly the words and expressions of a language, as well as bodily gestures, can be regarded as signs, expressing particular meanings. The physical objects most commonly referred to as signs (notices, road signs, etc., collectively known as signage) generally inform or instruct using written text, symbols, pictures or a combination of these

Elements and Principles of the Visual Language (PDF)
Visual Graphics Tools - Mind Maps

Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics explores who aesthetically appreciates what, for which reasons and under which situational and historical circumstances, and analyzes the functions of aesthetic practices and preferences for individuals and societies.

Architect Reza Asgaripour, Draw Superb Two Point Perspective all you need is a pen, a paper clip and one long elastic string tied to the horizon of your canvas.
Two Point Perspective Drawing Technique

Efflorescence is the unfolding of blossoms, blooming. The period of greatest prosperity or productivity.

Latte Art (wiki)

Painting using Coffee Stains

"What might be irrelevant details to you, might be relevant details to someone else."

The Thinker Man