Child Development - Child Care - Pre-School Education
Education begins at
and starts with the
. A baby
even before it's born
. Everything a baby sees, hears,
, tastes, smells and feels,
development of that child. In order to maximize a
child's learning abilities
a parent must be fully
involved in the education process
. It's very
important to know how humans develop, and what influences effect your
child's development and that human development continues throughout our
Pregnancy and Nutrition
New Born Nutrition
Learning to Read
Educational Toys and Learning
Child Development Films
Everyone should learn
Child Development and Child Psychology
and learn about the inner workings of a child’s
brain, which in turn will help you understand your own
Especially knowing that the prefrontal cortex
, which controls
focus, planning, and efficient action, takes almost 20 years to
mature. Humans are
and have a much longer childhood then any other
Child Development knowledge
can also help people be prepared for interactions with children
and also teach people about some of the difficulties of
is the most critical time in every human’s life for
learning. The human brain is built and designed to learn and
built to be creative. So having learning strategies and
Inquiry Based Curriculum
for conceptual understanding is
essential. Independent Learning
It's what you teach, how you teach it, when you
teach it, and why you teach it?
There is a lot of material to
cover in Child Development so here are just a few things that
will be covered: Understanding Brain and Neurological
Mechanisms; Concepts of
Cause and Effect
; Understanding Sensory Data;
Understanding and Analyzing Statistical
and Abstract Grammatical Patterns; Computations;
Forming Intuitive Theories of the Physical, Biological and Psychological Realms;
Theory of Mind
Secondary Theory of Mind
. Imagining the experiences of other people.
Appreciating the difference between
and Media Dangers
The most important thing that every human
must learn is
How to Learn on your Own
and how to teach
yourself. Continually learning is extremely important.
Knowledge Guide for the Formative years,
period of physical and psychological development from the onset
of puberty to maturity.
Child Development Resources
Child Development Stages
are milestones of child development.
Child Development Stages
Developmental Stage Theories
divide child development into distinct
stages which are characterized by qualitative differences in behaviour.
is a maturational stage in the
lifespan of an organism during which the nervous system is especially
sensitive to certain environmental
. If, for some reason, the organism does not receive the
appropriate stimulus during this "critical period" to learn a given skill
or trait, it may be difficult, ultimately less successful, or even
impossible, to develop some functions later in life. Functions that are
indispensable to an organism's survival, such as vision, are particularly
likely to develop during critical periods. "Critical period" also relate
to ability to acquire first language. Researchers found that people who
passed "critical period" would not acquire first language fluently.
Potty Training for both boys
Praise vs. Punishment
Piaget's theory of Cognitive Development
Developmental Stage Theories
The Foundation for Child Development
Society for Research in
Child Development Documentaries
Child Development Info
Evaluations and Screenings
refers to the biological,
psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between
birth and the end of adolescence, as the individual progresses from
dependency to increasing autonomy.
Child Development Info
Human Development Biology
is the process of growing
to maturity. In biological terms, this entails growth from a one-celled
zygote to an adult human being.
is when the physiological (or somatic) development of an organism
(typically an animal) is slowed or delayed.
is the scientific study of
how and why human beings change
over the course of their life.
Developmental Psychology Categories:
is the study of the
development of psychological disorders, such as psychopathy, autism,
schizophrenia and depression, with a life course perspective. Best
understood as normal development gone awry.
refers to the scientific study
of mental disorders
is the study of the process by
which animals and plants grow and develop, and is synonymous with
which is the origination and development of an organism, usually from the
time of fertilization of the egg to the organism's mature form.
Zero to Three
Newborns and Toddlers Resources
Infant & Child Laboratory
Books on Child Development
Speech and Language
Early Childhood Education
relates to the teaching of
young children (formally and informally) up until the age of about eight.
is children between the ages of
three and five.
Early Care & Education
includes toddlerhood and some time
Early Childhood News
Learning for Life
Ounce of Prevention
Edu Care Schools
Child Health Booklets
Institute for Early Education Research
The Baby College
Early Childhood Preschool Education
Beyond Daycare | The Goddard School
is a preschool educational approach
traditionally based on playing, singing, practical activities such as
drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to
school. "Garden for the children"
Kindergarten Ready Exam
Pre K Smarties
is a classroom-based preschool
program for children at or below the age of five.
Parents as Teachers
Love and Logic
Talk With Kids
Center for Law & Education
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
helps students, teachers and parents understand their
rights, suspension and expulsion policies, and stay connected to other
students in the district.
Law Knowledge and Information
Child Protective Services
Children's Aid Society
Family Research Project
Nat. Assoc. Education of Young Children
International Children's Education
Teacher Quick Source
Child Development Media
National Geographic for Kids
is the process of promoting and supporting
the physical, emotional, social, financial, and intellectual development
of a child from infancy to adulthood. Parenting refers to the aspects of
raising a child aside from the biological relationship.
is a caregiver of the offspring in their own
species. In humans, a parent is the caretaker of a child (where "child"
refers to offspring, not necessarily age). A biological parent consists of
a person whose gamete resulted in a child, a male through the sperm, and a
female through the ovum. Parents are first-degree relatives and have 50%
genetic meet. A female can also become a parent through surrogacy. Some
parents may be adoptive parents, who nurture and raise an offspring, but
are not actually biologically related to the child. Orphans without
adoptive parents can be raised by their grandparents or other family
is an uncoupled individual who shoulders most or all of
the day-to-day responsibilities for raising a child or children. A mother
is more often the primary caregiver in a
structure that has arisen due to death of the partner, divorce or
is the female parent of a child. Mothers are
women who inhabit or perform the role of bearing some relation to their
children, who may or may not be their biological offspring. Children who
were raised with Fathers
perceive themselves to be more cognitively and physically competent than
their peers without a father. Mothers raising children together with a
father reported less severe disputes with their child.
is the male
parent of a child. Besides the paternal bonds of a father to his children,
the father may have a parental legal and
with the child that carries with it certain rights
and obligations. An adoptive father
male who has become the child's parent through the legal process of
adoption. A biological father is the male genetic contributor to the
creation of the baby, through sexual intercourse or sperm donation. A
may have legal
obligations to a child not raised by him, such as an obligation of
monetary support. A putative father is a man whose biological relationship
to a child is alleged but has not been established. A
is a male who is the husband of
a child's mother and they may form a family unit, but who generally does
not have the legal rights and responsibilities of a parent in relation to
describes a parenting situation where
two parents work together to raise a child even though they are not
married, divorced, separated or no longer living together.
is a person who has the legal authority (and the corresponding
) to care for the personal
and property interests of another person, called a ward. Guardians are
typically used in three situations: guardianship for an incapacitated
senior (due to old age or infirmity), guardianship for a minor, and
guardianship for developmentally disabled adults.
Mums Net Parenting Tips
Pediatrician shows how to calm a crying baby
Positive Parenting Program
Free Range Parenting
Every Child Succeeds
Behavior Techniques and Strategies
Tools for Getting Along Curriculum
Grand Rapids Parent University
The Learning Community
Sixty Second Parent
is the caring for and supervision of a
child or children, usually from age six weeks to age thirteen. Child care
is the action or skill of looking after children by a day-care center,
babysitter, or other providers.
is the care of a child during the day by a
person other than the child's legal guardians, typically performed by
someone outside the child's immediate family.
Child Care Info
Creative Play Plus
Whole Child Center
Childtime Learning Centers
Educational Play Care
Network for Child Care
Hands Day Care
$900 a month for four days a week.
Study of Early Child Care and Development
PLEASE NOTE: This
information in the PDF above was current at the time the document was
published in 2006. The information is not being updated and may no longer
be accurate. It is provided for historical purposes only.
Second Pillar Care Quality
National Association for
Family Child Care
National Association for the Education of Young Children
excellence in early childhood education.
is the branch of medicine that deals with
the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents, and the age limit
usually ranges from birth up to 18 years of age.
American Academy of Pediatrics
Dangers of Television and Computers
Teaching at Home
Kaiser Family Foundation
Mothers Over 35
Parents 4 Public Schools
Families and Schools
Teachers and Families
School Family MediaKids Growth
Classical Academic Press
Educational Toys and Games
International Survey of Children’s Well-Being
Interactive music device that reduces night-time crying
helps develop your baby's brain in one simple product
Gifted Precocious Advanced Learners
is an intellectual ability
higher than average.
is defined as a person under the age
of ten who produces meaningful output in some
to the level of an
is a condition in which a
person with a developmental disability, such as an autism spectrum
disorder, demonstrates profound and prodigious capacities or abilities far
in excess of what would be considered normal.
Acquired Savant Syndrome
is when a person acquires prodigious
capabilities or skills following a head injury
or severe blow to the head,
or other disturbances like dementia. Dormant Potential
The Acquired Savant
| A Really Great Big Story
is achieved far
ahead of normal developmental schedules.
are individuals who "perform better or achieve more
success than expected complete tasks above and beyond expectations and who
set very high career goals for themselves.
is a person and especially a student who fails to
achieve his or her potential or does not do as well as expected. (Not
Mature Minor Doctrine
is education of children who have
been identified as gifted or talented.
is a form of academic acceleration,
often used for academically talented students, that involves the student
entirely skipping the curriculum of one year of school. This is done when
a student is sufficiently advanced in all school subjects, so that he or
she can move forward in all subjects, rather than in only one or two
is the advancement of gifted
students in subjects at a rate that places them ahead of where they would
be in the regular school curriculum. Because it provides students with
level-appropriate material, academic acceleration has been described as a
"fundamental need" for gifted students.
Talented & Gifted
Stepping Stone School
Thinking to Learn
Association of the Gifted
Gifted and Talented
on Measurement in Education
Birmingham Grid of Learning
Robinson Center Transition School
for young Scholars
Beautiful Young Minds
BBC2 2007 -
You need to learn more then Math
DOCS: The World's
Cleverest Child and Me
, often abbreviated as 2e, has only
recently entered educators' lexicon and refers to intellectually gifted
children who have some form of disability. These children are considered
exceptional both because of their intellectual gifts and because of their
are children who are believed to
possess special, unusual, and sometimes
There is no standard global definition of what a gifted student is.
"You're not binary, you can be decent and gifted at the same time"
Standardized Tests for Gifted Programs
Gifted Education Teacher
Gifted and Talented Education Program (GATE)
Education for the Gifted and Talented Certificate
Association for Gifted Children
Kid Science Challenge
National Lab Day
National Academy of Sciences
The Johns Hopkins Center for Talented Youth
The Study of
Mathematically Precocious Youth
Munich Longitudinal Study of Giftedness
Duke Talent Program
identifying academically gifted students and providing them with
opportunities to support their development.
How to Raise a Genius: Lessons from a 45-year study of Super-Smart
A long-running investigation of exceptional children reveals
what it takes to produce the scientists who will lead the twenty-first
Human Brain Knowledge Brain Pop
Brain Storm USA
Connect a Million Minds
Connect for Kids
Bright Kids NYC
Whole Child Education
Van Damme Academy
places students of similar skills and abilities in the same classes.
is most commonly known as
grade skipping, subject acceleration, or early admission into kindergarten
or college, gives students the chance access opportunities earlier or
progress more rapidly.
Special Needs - Special Education - Disabilities
describes individuals who require assistance for disabilities that may be medical, mental, or psychological.
significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning.
Association on Intellectual and Developmental
Genetic study identifies 14 new developmental disorders in children
Savant-like skills exposed in normal people by suppressing the
left fronto-temporal lobe
I believe that eventually people will have the ability to
Selectively De-Activate Parts of their Brain, or Turn Off Areas
of their Brain that interfere with the processing of certain
information, without using
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Electrical Brain Stimulation
. They would be able to
accomplish this by using
, or a
or a particular
. This way everyone will have the same
abilities of a
or of a
and become a
in their chosen career.
is the state of an organism or an organisation that did
not develop in the "normal" way.
Rat People of Pakistan
are impairments of the growth
and development of the brain or central nervous system. A narrower use of
the term refers to a disorder of brain function that affects emotion,
learning ability, self-control and memory and that unfolds as the
Special Olympics let me be myself, a champion
(video & Text)
Special Needs Resources NYC
is an impairment that may be physical,
cognitive, intellectual, mental, sensory, developmental, or some
combination of these that results in restrictions on an individual's
ability to participate in what is considered "normal" in their everyday
society. A disability may be present from birth or occur during a person's
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
List of Disabilities
What Are Learning Disabilities?
Roberto d Angelo Francesca Fedeli: Baby's illness
is a classification that
includes several areas of functioning in which a person has difficulty
learning in a typical manner, usually caused by an unknown factor or
factors. Given the "difficulty learning in a typical manner", this does
not exclude the ability to learn in a different manner. Therefore, some
people can be more accurately described as having a "Learning Difference",
thus avoiding any misconception of being disabled with a lack of ability
to learn and possible negative stereotyping.
National Center for Learning Disabilities
Learning Disabilities Association of America
Dibels Dynamic Measurement Group
Progress Monitoring Outcomes-Driven Model
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
is a diverse group of
chronic conditions that are due to mental or physical impairments.
Developmental disabilities cause individuals living with them many
difficulties in certain areas of life, especially in "language, mobility,
learning, self-help, and independent living".
is a group of psychiatric
conditions originating in childhood that involve serious impairment in
is when mental development has slowed or stopped.
Sometimes the most perfect
person for the job is not the most perfect person
, but for that particular
job, they're perfect. Sometimes we perceive imperfections as hindrances,
when in fact they are a perfect ability under some unique circumstances.
Individualized Education Program
education that is
tailored to the individual student's needs to help the student learn more
is helping people who have
disabilities achieve their personal, career, and independent living goals
through a counseling process
is the practice of educating
students with special educational needs in a way that addresses their
individual differences and needs. Ideally, this process involves the
individually planned and systematically monitored arrangement of teaching
procedures, adapted equipment and materials, and accessible settings.
These interventions are designed to help learners with special needs
achieve a higher level of personal self-sufficiency and success in school
and their community, than may be available if the student were only given
access to a typical classroom education.
are supplementary programs or services designed to help
children at risk of cognitive impairment and low educational achievement
Mental Health Care for Children
Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry
Mental Health Websites
Brain Balance Centers
Eye Writer Invention
Children with Disabilities
Children with Disabilities
Children’s Relief Fund
Handicapped Children Association
Special Education Resources
Special Education Programs
Department of Developmental Services
Special Needs Trust
is a trust designed for
beneficiaries with disabilities, either physically or mentally challenged.
It is written so the beneficiary can enjoy the use of property that is
held in the trust for his or her benefit, while at the same time allowing
the beneficiary to receive essential needs-based government benefits.
Council for Exceptional Children
Learning Disabilities Online
Technical Assistance Alliance
Applied Learning Processes
Physically Challenged Competitions
6.5 million now
receiving some kind of
service at an estimated
cost of $74 billion a year
is the practice of relinquishing interests and claims
over one's offspring in an extralegal way with the intent of never again
resuming or reasserting them. Causes include many social and cultural
factors as well as mental illness. An abandoned child is called a
foundling (as opposed to a runaway or an orphan).
parents abandoning or discarding a child younger than 12 months in a
public or private place with the intent of disposing of them. It is also
known as rehoming.
Ignorance is a Disability
characterized by impaired social interaction,
verbal and non-verbal communication, and restricted and repetitive
is a term applied to people with autism who
are deemed to be cognitively "higher functioning" (with an IQ of 70 or
greater) than other people with autism.
is a condition in which a person with a developmental disability, such as
an autism spectrum disorder, demonstrates profound and prodigious
capacities or abilities far in excess of what would be considered normal.
Ami Klin: New way to Diagnose Autism
Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule
The Reason I Jump:
13-Year-Old Boy with Autism
learned how to communicate with the outside world through his
love of Disney
Autism and Dog Therapy
Rock your Speech uses music to overcome a speech
disorder associated with autism spectrum
Applied Behavior Analysis
Kids Who Beat Autism
Autism Therapy on Glass
helps with identifying emotions.
speech-analysis software to detect signs of autism, schizophrenia, and
1 in 88 US children are afflicted with autism
increase of 25% between 2006-2008. On March 29, 2012,
the CDC reported
startling evidence: the number of children diagnosed
in the United States increased 25% between 2006
The autism rate jumped from 1 in 100 (2006) to 1 in 88
children (2008). The autism rate is even higher for
boys: one in 54
compared to girls, one in 252. Girls with autism have
different behaviors then boys with autism. Why?
Autism Update Report
Autism Awareness Day 2016 - A Simple Test
Gordy Baylinson Nonspeaking Autism Letter
Exposure to Specific Toxic Metals and Nutrients During Late Pregnancy and
Early Life Correlated With Autism Risk
. Mount Sinai found that
differences in the uptake of multiple toxic and essential elements over
the second and third trimesters and early postnatal periods are associated
with the risk of developing autism spectrum disorders (ASD), according to
a study published June 1 in the journal Nature Communications. The
critical developmental windows for the observed discrepancies varied for
each element, suggesting that systemic dysregulation of environmental
pollutants and dietary elements may serve an important role in ASD. In
addition to identifying specific environmental factors that influence
risk, the study also pinpointed developmental time periods when elemental
dysregulation poses the biggest risk for autism later in life. Previous
research indicates that fetal and early childhood exposure to
of nutritional elements
linked with several adverse developmental outcomes, including intellectual
disability and language, attentional, and behavioral problems. “We found
significant divergences in metal uptake between ASD-affected children and
their healthy siblings, but only during discrete developmental periods,”
“Specifically, the siblings with ASD had higher uptake of the neurotoxin
lead, and reduced uptake of the essential elements manganese and zinc,
during late pregnancy and the first few months after birth, as evidenced
through analysis of their baby teeth. During fetal and childhood
development, a new tooth layer is formed every week or so, leaving an
“imprint” of the micro chemical composition from each unique layer, which
provides a chronological record of exposure.
- Brain Injuries
are a category of mental health disorders that primarily
affect learning, memory, perception, and problem solving, and include
amnesia, dementia, and delirium.
is something deviating from the normal or differing from the typical, is a
subjectively defined behavioral characteristic, assigned to those with
rare or dysfunctional conditions. Behavior is considered abnormal when it
is atypical, out of the ordinary, causes some kind of impairment, or
consists of undesirable behavior. Who is normal or abnormal is a
contentious issue in abnormal psychology.
Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
refer to a disability
classification used in educational settings that allows educational
institutions to provide special education and related services to students
that have poor social or academic adjustment that cannot be better
explained by biological abnormalities or a developmental disability. The
classification is often given to students that need individualized
behavior supports to receive a free and appropriate public education, but
would not be eligible for an individualized education program under
another disability category of the Individuals with Disabilities Education
Giving mums and
dads the skills to become "super parents" can dramatically improve their
child's autism, a long-term study has shown. In the training, parents
watched films of themselves playing with their child while a therapist
gave precise tips for helping their child communicate.
Parent-mediated social communication therapy
for young children with
autism (PACT): long-term follow-up of a randomised controlled trial.
100-Year-Old Drug Produces Temporary Improved Learning Skills In Autistic
. Tests of suramin on mice that display behavior analogous to
autism have shown a reversal of some symptoms, inspiring Naviaux to test
on humans. In Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology, Naviaux
reports the boys who received the infusion all showed significant changes,
developing better language and coping skills, with social behavior more
similar to neurotypical children of the same age. The boys given the
suramin were assessed as having a fall of 1.6 points on the Autism
Diagnostic Observation Schedule test, where a child is classified as
autistic with a score of 9 or above. The scores for the boys given the
placebos did not change. Some of the effects were remarkably rapid. The
parents of a 14-year-old-boy who had not spoken a complete sentence in 12
years said in a statement: "Within an hour after the infusion, he started
to make more eye contact with the doctor and nurses in the room....We saw
our son advance almost three years in development in just six weeks." Two
previously non-verbal children given the suramin spoke their first
sentences within a week. Naviaux stressed treatment is more than a matter
of providing an infusion. Instead the suramin “removed the roadblocks,”
allowing children to benefit from enrichment programs and speech therapy.
However, the effects did not last, and over weeks the participants largely
returned to their previous behaviors.
medication used to treat African sleeping sickness and river blindness. It
is the treatment of choice for sleeping sickness without central nervous
system involvement. It is given by injection into a vein. Suramin causes a
fair number of side effects. Common side effects include nausea, vomiting,
diarrhea, headache, skin tingling, and weakness. Sore palms of the hands
and soles of the feet, trouble seeing, fever, and abdominal pain may also
occur. Severe side effects may include low blood pressure, decreased level
of consciousness, kidney problems, and low blood cell levels. It is
unclear if it is safe when
. Suramin was made at least as early as 1916. It is on
the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most
effective and safe medicines needed in a health system. In the United
States it can be acquired from the Center for Disease Control (CDC). The
cost of the medication for a course of treatment is about 27 USD. In
regions of the world where the disease is common suramin is provided for
free by the World Health Organization.
Teaching Special Needs
Every school needs to teach special needs to every
student. This would help students understand what special needs
means, and, this would also help students learn all the
ways they can help people with disabilities, especially
knowing that every person has some form of a disability. This would
require every student to spend time with a special needs
person. Helping people who need extra help has to be a
whole school effort, as well as a community effort. This
is the real meaning of "No Child Left Behind."
"Any form of
will always have it's problems."
"I don't see people as having
learning disabilities, I see them having temporary learning
lacking the skills
(especially mental skills) required to do
something or get something done.
Lack of ability (especially mental ability) to do something.
Lacking the power to perform.
Impairment. Something immaterial that interferes with or delays
action or progress.
I think that everyone is
to a certain degree and that Autistic people have the
highest degree of this brain impairment so it's easier to notice. We know that the brain
is not broken, we just haven't figured it out exactly how our
brains work so that we can help autistic people utilize the
brain, and train the brain to do what the brain needs to do in
order to function accurately and effectively. So I believe that
autism will someday soon teach everyone how the brain works and
how we can correct any malfunctions that happen along the way.
We can learn a lot from our impairments. People with
disabilities are just as important as everyone else on the
planet. There is something about struggle. When we struggle we
see things and feel things that we never would have experienced
unless we were struggling. But even though I don't believe that
struggle is necessary for learning, or that you will always
learn something from struggling, what I do believe is that if
you do find yourself struggling, just remember that you could be
learning something important, so keep your mind open, or you
might just miss an opportunity of a lifetime.
"I believe that one day we will see people with disabilities as
gifts from God
. Without them, we would have never learned all the things
that we did. The same thing with diseases. Without diseases we would have
never realized how vulnerable we are, or how many dangers there are. We
owe the world to these people."
When we design for disability, we all benefit: Elise Roy
Florida Teacher Starts Each Day Complimenting Students One by
is being approximately average or within certain limits in e.g.
intelligence and development. In accordance with scientific
The actions and activities assigned to or required or expected
of a person or group. Some one with good reasoning skills and
good awareness. Carry out or perform an action. Perform as
expected when applied, Carry out a process or program.
Serve a purpose, role, or function.
is a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other
things can be evaluated. The ideal in terms of which something
can be judged. Established or well-known or widely recognized as
a model of authority or excellence.
is an energetic attempt to achieve something. Make a strenuous
effort or labored effort at a mental or physical task. Working
is earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish
something. Use of physical or mental energy; hard work
A series of actions for advancing.
It's Not Easy Teaching Special Ed
Joy in the classroom has been sucked out by ignorant
administrators, who care more about paperwork then people. So
even the kids who need the most help are being suffocated by
administrated politics from ignorant people who have no right
being involved in the
, or any process it seems.
People with Disabilities are Gifts from God
The special education student
population in Connecticut is rising,
even though the total public school population is on the
decline. Last year, 68,445 students in the state received
special education services. That is up about 2,300 students — or
3.4 percent — since the 2007-08 school year. The overall school
population has been on the decline since 2004 and last year
stood at 542,236. In Connecticut, more boys than girls are
identified for special education. 2012-13, the last year for
which national figures are available. In that year, 6,429,331
students nationwide were getting special education services.
Here is a breakdown of the
disabilities that make up the special education in Connecticut
public schools in 2014-15:
Intellectual disability, 2,380 0.5%
Speech or language impairment, 10,058, 1.9 %
Emotional disturbance, 5,400, 1%
Autism, 7,778, 1.5 %
Other health impairments, 13,946, 2.6 %
Specific learning disability, 23,416, 4.4%
All other disabilities, 5,457, 1%
A Learning Specialist is an educator who is skilled and
experienced in providing
to students who
struggle with learning differences. These educators work
one-on-one or in small groups to give students intensive support
that meets their
A Learning Specialist may assist
a family in any of the following ways:
Conduct observations of the student in his/her work environment
to identify problem areas.
Review previous assessments of a student to formulate a learning
Identify research-based therapies that will benefit the
student’s unique learning differences.
Use the above therapies to provide remediation to close any gaps
that a student may have in his or her reading, writing or math
Work cooperatively with teachers to help them understand how
Guide parents and teachers to resources which may benefit the
Prekindergarten substantially reduces the likelihood that
students will end up in special education programs later on
Children do best in school when they have a team of
supporting them. This is true for all children but it is
especially true for children who have psychiatric or learning
disorders. Get to know the many professionals who are available
to help your child.
Guide to Learning Specialists
provides structure and support to children who
have trouble working on their own. They are particularly beneficial for children who struggle with executive functioning
skills like organization, planning, and controlling
Make sure that the Homework is beneficial and valuable, and not
just about school testing
is knowledgeable in a particular subject area in school.
Tutors offer individualized attention to students who benefit
from more education and practice in a subject or need help
getting caught up on material.
Learning Specialist - Educational
These professionals, who often hold a master's degree, are
trained to evaluate and aid children with learning disabilities.
They work with you, your child, and your child's school to
develop strategies to compensate for any learning deficits. They
often work with children one-on-one to develop skills the child
finds particularly challenging. The Association of Educational
Therapists (AET) can steer you towards qualified therapists.
is a form of therapy used to treat individuals with
, and challenges. This form of
therapy offers a wide range of intensive interventions that are designed
to remediate learning problems. These interventions are individualized and
unique to the specific learner.
School counselors are educators with a master's degree in school
. They work
with students on their academic, personal, and college and career
development needs. The American School Counselor Association has more
- career counseling
School psychologists are trained in psychology and education and
receive a Specialist in School Psychology (SSP) degree. They can
identify learning and
, evaluate students for
special education services, and support social, emotional, and
behavioral health. The National Association of School
Psychologists has more information.
is a field that applies principles of
educational psychology, developmental psychology, clinical psychology,
community psychology, and applied behavior analysis to meet children's and
adolescents' behavioral health and learning needs in a collaborative
manner with educators and parents.
A licensed social worker has a master's degree, which involves 2
years of post-graduate training, and can perform psychotherapy
and other interventions but can't prescribe medications. MSW is
the common designation for masters in social work; LCSW means
"licensed clinical social worker," and requires a clinician to
have significant supervised clinical experience after graduate
school. The National Association of Social Workers provides
tools for locating help.
Services for the Public
Special Education Itinerant
A SEIT is a teaching specialist who helps children with
behavioral, social/emotional, speech, language, or developmental
issues integrate successfully into the classroom. A SEIT works
with children one-on-one in the classroom or at home, and has a
master's degree in special education, psychology, social work,
are traveling schoolteachers. They
are sometimes specialized to work in the trades, healthcare, or the field
of special education, sometimes providing individual tutoring.
Paraprofessionals are trained to assist teachers and special
educators, but they do not have a
frequently work with students who have special education needs
in a variety of positions including
classroom aide, tutor, and inclusion assistant.
Special Education Attorney:
An attorney who specializes in
special education law
educational attorneys can be hired or consulted if you are
having trouble accessing educational services for your child.
They can help you throughout the IEP
process and represent you at a hearing when there is a conflict
about what your child is entitled to and how the school should
provide it.Law Knowledge
who specialize in the
functioning of the brain and how it relates to behavior and
cognitive ability. Most have completed post-doctoral training in
neuropsychology. They may have either a PhD or
a PsyD. Pediatric neuropsychologists have done post-doctoral
training in testing and evaluation.
behaviors directly related to
They perform neuropsychological assessments, which measure a
child's strengths and weaknesses over a broad range of cognitive
tasks, and they provide parents with a report that highlights
those cognitive strengths and weakness, and forms the basis for
developing a treatment plan. The report also serves as evidence
for requesting school accommodations, and as a baseline for
measuring whether interventions are effective.
Neuropsychologists also work one-on-one with children struggling
in school, to help them devise learning strategies to build on
their strengths and compensate for their weaknesses.
Neuropsychologists who have passed national proficiency exams
are certified by the American Board of Professional
Psychologists-Neuropsychology or "ABPP-N."
Speech-Language - Hearing
conduct testing to
problems, and help
address deficits symptomatic of certain learning and
developmental disorders. These specialists can also identify
non-psychiatric causes of troubling behaviors and delays. The
information on that sort of testing and aid, and listings of
specialists across the country.
Oral Expression Listening Comprehension
Speech Pathology Services
Student Affairs - Disability
Every college and place of higher learning is required to offer
accommodations to qualifying students. Students can meet with a
representative from the school who coordinates accommodations at
the Student Affairs or
Disability Services office at their school.
"Using the raw materials of teaching
- time, space, things, and people - a teacher creates his
designs, arranging, ordering and reordering those ingredients of
education in a constant flow and in an intermingling way."
, Belmont, CA, Wadsworth, 1961. pg.71)
is providing different students
with different avenues to learning
so that all students within a
classroom can learn effectively, regardless of differences in
Effects on Children
It's really hard to know exactly what things effect a Childs
Development and to know exactly how and why these effects
happen. And more importantly, how would you tell when certain
thought processes have been adversely effected? And what steps
would you have to take to correct these particular thought
processes, or Behaviors
? What are these key moments in a Childs
life that can have a profound effect on their thought processes?
First you would have to be totally aware of everything in the
Childs life that they are exposed to. Like everything that they see,
touch, hear, taste and smell in their environment. The people
they are in contact with. The amount of
, and types of
shows and other
media they are exposed to. What types of
do they listened to?
And all the different things that they
, and so on and so on. Then you would have to
all day and correctly examine how they interact
with the environment and other people. And then when they're old
enough to be able to speak in sentences, you would have to follow
a child around all day and constantly ask them "So what are you thinking now?"
But even then how would you be sure that a child could actually
understand the question in order to answer it accurately? I know
we have the abilities to understand how important child
development is, but the question is, when will we start teaching
it to everyone?
person whose behavior or example can be emulated by others, especially by
younger people."The Hand that Rocks the
Cradle Rules the World"
meaning the person who raises a child
determines the character of that child and so influences the type of
society that the next generation will create.
is to strive to equal
or match, especially by imitating.
Be the kind of parent you wish you
had when you were a child.
and biological disruptions occurring during the early years of
How your parenting style affects your child's future
Family Relationships Effect Children's Emotional Development
Dads play key role in Child Development
is a parent who pays extremely close
attention to a child's or children's experiences and problems,
particularly at educational institutions. Helicopter parents are so named
because, like helicopters, they hover overhead, overseeing their child's
Observation Flaws and Effects
Toxic Parents -
is lacking respectability in character or behavior or
Helping Kids to learn how to Relax and Breathe
(benefits from adventures)
Does Noise Affect Learning
? A short review on
cognitive performance in children.
Babies are forming
700 new neural connections
When children hear their mothers
speak, many more brain areas are activated than when kids hear
other peoples’ voices.
Scientists say kids’ brains are engaged at a higher level when
they hear their mothers’ voices
. The regions of the brain
that are stimulated by a mother’s voice include those linked to
emotion processing, reward processing, social functions,
detecting what is personally relevant, and
One-day-old infants sucked more vigorously on their pacifiers
when they heard the sound of their mother’s voices.
Listening to Language Boosts Infant Cognition
Baby talk words with repeated sounds help infants learn language
Babies find it easier to learn words with repetitive syllables
rather than mixed sounds. Assessments of language learning in
18-month-olds suggest that children are better at grasping the
names of objects with repeated syllables, over words with
non-identical syllables. Researchers say the study may help
explain why some words or phrases, such as 'train' and 'good
night', have given
rise to versions with repeated syllables, such as mama, dada,
choo-choo and night-night. Infants have a repetition bias in
learning new words.
Maternal language shapes infants' cry melodies
. The very first cry of
neonates is marked by their maternal language. This seems to be especially
apparent in tonal languages
where pitch and pitch fluctuation determine the meaning of words.
Study shows Language Development starts in the Womb
Language and Thought
A study on Child Development found that the type of
that a child receives during the first three and a half
years has an effect on education, social life and romantic
relationships even 20 or 30 years later.
Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation - Institute
of Child Development - UofMN
"Babies learn best through playful
interactions with people who love them, and also know what to
teach and when."
attempts to describe the dynamics of
long-term and short-term interpersonal relationships between humans.
is a parenting philosophy that proposes methods which
aim to promote the attachment of mother and infant not only by maximal
maternal empathy and responsiveness but also by continuous bodily
closeness and touch.
The Attachment Clinic
Adolescent Parent Attachment: Bonds that Support Healthy
Attachment and Adult Relationships
Five ways to create a secure attachment with your baby without
sharing your bed
What is Secure Attachment and Bonding
and the material world)
The Dark Matter of Love
is a behavioural tendency or karmic imprint which
influences the present behaviour of a person.
Playing with your
child can many positive effects
When parents played with their
1-year-old children, they found that when a parent focused on a
toy, their child paid attention to the toy for longer,
continuing even after the parent had looked away. Monkey see
is learning of a process without an understanding of
why it works. Another definition implies the act of
usually with limited knowledge and/or
concern of the consequences.
is the understanding that objects continue to exist
even when they cannot be observed (seen, heard, touched, smelled or sensed
in any way). This is a fundamental concept studied in the field of
developmental psychology, the subfield of psychology that addresses the
development of infants' and children's social and mental capacities. There
is not yet scientific consensus on when the understanding of object
permanence emerges in human development.
is learning that occurs through
the behavior of others. It is a form of
which takes various
forms, based on various processes. In humans, this form of learning seems
to not need reinforcement to occur, but instead, requires a social model
such as a parent, sibling, friend, or teacher.
is based on the belief that infants recognize
themselves in a mirror (literal) or other symbolic contraption which
induces apperception (the turning of oneself into an object that can be
viewed by the child from outside themselves) from the age of about six
in which one
imitates the gesture,
, or attitude of
another. Mirroring often occurs in social situations, particularly in the
company of close friends or family. The concept often affects other
individual's notions about the individual that is exhibiting
, which can lead
to the individual building rapport with others.
is a neuron that fires both when an animal acts and
when the animal observes the same action performed by another.
Our Brains Synchronize during a Conversation
. The rhythms of
people taking part in a conversation begin to match each other.
is an advanced behavior whereby an individual
observes and replicates another's behavior
. Imitation is also a form of
social learning that leads to the "development of
, and ultimately our culture
is defined as the unsolicited repetition of
made by another
person (by the same person is called palilalia). In its profound form it
is automatic and effortless. It is one of the echophenomena, closely
related to echopraxia, the
automatic repetition of movements made by another person
; both are
"subsets of imitative behavior" whereby sounds or actions are imitated
"without explicit awareness". Echolalia may be an immediate reaction to a
stimulus or may be delayed.
The importance of relating to others: why we only learn to understand
other people after the age of 4
. The maturation of fibres of a brain
structure called the Arcuate Fascicle
between the ages of three and four years establishes
a connection between two critical brain regions: a region at the back of
the temporal lobe that supports adult thinking about others and their
thoughts, and a region in the frontal lobe that is involved in keeping
things at different levels of abstraction and, therefore, helps us to
understand what the real world is and what the thoughts of others are.
Only when these two brain regions are connected through the
can children start to understand what other people think.
Theory of Mind
(Brain Knowledge)Noncomplementary Behavior vs
If you are always warm to a cold person,
you can become a pushover. Meeting dominance
with dominance can result in
a fight, whereas being submissive
with a submissive person can lead to
inaction and boredom.
may cause kids to have a
Peter Pan Syndrome
, which is an adult (usually male who is socially
immature. Men Who Have Never Grown Up. Body of an adult but the mind of a
Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy
involves creating a "playful,
accepting, curious, and empathic" environment in which the therapist
attunes to the child's "subjective experiences" and reflects this back to
the child by means of eye contact, facial expressions, gestures and
movements, voice tone, timing and touch, "co-regulates" emotional affect
and "co-constructs" an alternative autobiographical narrative with the
child. Dyadic developmental psychotherapy also makes use of
cognitive-behavioral strategies. The "dyad" referred to must eventually be
the parent-child dyad. The active presence of the primary caregiver is
preferred but not required. a psychotherapeutic treatment method for
families that have children with symptoms of emotional disorders,
including complex trauma and disorders of attachment.
The Specific Affect Coding System
Momentary Patterns of Covariation Between Specific Affects and
Parenting WebsitesChild Care
Alison Gopnik: What do Babies Think?
Michael Merzenich: The Elastic Brain
Reticulon 4 Receptor
What Is It Like to Be a Baby: The Development of Thought
Yale Course (PSYC 110)
- People Smart
Kay Kay: The Girl from Guangzhou China growing up in a one child
Her final words are my favorite.
Influences of Sibling Relationships
influences on Childhood Development
is not a good
. There are other methods that can help make someone
aware of danger
Children instinctively know there is a
lot they don’t know
, so children have to ask questions. Some
children average more than a hundred questions every hour, but
not all of those questions are expressed verbally. Children
between the ages of 3 and 5 could ask up to 40,000 questions.
And how these questions are answered is extremely important,
The less we know, the worse we are at processing new
information, and the worse we are at asking the right questions.
is extremely important, and knowing
what questions to ask and how to ask them, are the keys to a
successful journey. Knowledge doesn’t just fill our brains up;
it makes our brains work better.
do you know enough
Asking questions is a
extremely important process for learning
, so never
discourage a child's need to learn.
Never discourage a child's need for answers
the most important skills to have, because a child needs to learn. But
sometimes, you have to be very careful when you give an answer to a child's question.
Sometimes you also need to know the reasons why the child is asking the
question, because the child may need more information then
originally thought. You also want to
teach a child how to find
answers on their own
, and teach them that
the process of looking for answers
may reveal even more
important questions, and also reveal even more answers then they
were originally seeking. When you're looking for answers on your
own you sometimes discover a lot more, a lot more then you would
if someone just gave you the answer. Having the ability to find
answers on your own gives you a lot more freedom, and a lot more
power. Though getting answers to your questions very quickly is
extremely valuable, sometimes when something is just given to
you, you run
the risk of not valuing that certain something
. When you
have to work for something, you value that something a lot more,
because you worked for it. This is not to say that all work is
valuable, just the work that is
proven to be valuable
. You also want to teach children about
when to get a
. There is a thin line between
is to treat (someone) as a child or in a way that denies their
maturity in age or experience.
When growing up there are 1,000's of things that make you the person that you
. Things like the relationships with
family and friends, learning and reading, tragic moments,
inspiring moments, just to name a few. You have a behavior that
you can't fully explain, or, be fully aware at times.
Here are just some of the things I believed influenced me and
made me the person I am today
. The significance of these moments
is hard to measure against all the different other things that
you are exposed to during your entire life. But it's good idea
to document as many experiences as you can. This is a unique
type of learning.
When I was 3 years old, I was crying about one of my toys not
working, but my mother just sat by and just ignored me and kept reading her
book. So I eventually stopped crying. I guess that's when I learned that I
would have to figure out things on my own. So does sympathy
a child and effect their ability to
? When is the right time
and place to ignore a child in need?
Another happy time in my life was when I was around 15. I
decided that I was not going to let my father upset me anymore,
or get under my skin with his verbal abuse and ignorant and
disrespectable behavior. I will never forget that moment, it was
the most peaceful epiphany that I have ever experience, it was
like a religious moment with my soul. Not to say that I always
remembered what I learned, but most of the time I did, and it was
beautiful. But that was just with my father. I did not know how
to apply that same knowledge to other people in my life. So I still
became angry and upset with other peoples ignorant behavior.
And just because you don't let peoples ignorance upset you, this
does not solve the problem or does it keep ignorant people from continuing
the abuse or from abusing other people. So you just can't ignore peoples
ignorance. You have to find ways to help educate people and you have to
find ways to communicate more constructively
with people, which means you have to educate yourself as well. A parent is
supposed to give emotional support and provide a safe environment. If not,
degrade. It was sad to see
that my father enjoyed
me. And I knew that it was mostly from his upbringing in
the 30's, 40's and 50's, and also how he reacted to his relationship with
his parents. So I forgave
and I still do.
When I was around 16, I was working on my car and became
extremely frustrated. But at that moment I decided not to get
anymore during these circumstances, and I never forgot that moment. Now when things were not
going my way, instead of having an angry outburst, or becoming
completely frustrated, I would just step back, pause and take a
break, and then calmly solve the problem. That's when I realize that anger doesn't help. You can
still be passionate about things, but
anger is a total waste of
time and energy
And anger doesn't even benefit you in a fight
, that's how
worthless anger is. What a relief to let that go. Strength is
not only physical, strength is mostly mental. But later in life
I realized that not all my anger and frustration was totally
gone. Some people were still the source of
anger and frustration
when I became exposed to someone with
, I realized that everyone has some degree of mental
illness, even myself. So one day when I was 53, I was exposed to
another mental breakdown from a friend who suffers from mental
health problems. But instead of getting angry or upset with that persons
I calmly talked to the person, so I did not make the situation
worse, like I have done in the past. This was a break through. Not
only did my friend recover more quickly, I also was not traumatized or
full of anger. I was now calm, happy and free from any kind of
stress. An epiphany that I wish I had when I was younger. That
would have saved me from many sleepless nights, and also saved
me from wasting time feeling angry and miserable about other
people. Things don't have to turn ugly or violent.
the next big moment
. When I can finally have love rule my heart,
to me, that will be
. But of course it's more then just Love. It's the
accumulated effect of good knowledge, good information, and the
perfect balance of both good and bad experiences. Love does not
mean that you are a pushover. Love is the guide. And that guide
is not alone in the decision making process. You still need good
knowledge, good information, and the perfect balance of both
good and bad experiences. Love is the guide, protect the guide.
"In order to recover and
preserve normal learning abilities, you have
to use other
allow information and knowledge to enter the brain where it can
be correctly processed."
Parents have to realize that they
are the most important teacher in their child's life
sometimes they are the only teacher that matters. Teaching by example is
incredibly difficult, especially with the numerous bad examples that are
surrounding kids today. You need to weed out the bad examples, even if
you're one of them. So where are the good examples? Find these good
examples together, and explain why they're good examples, and explain how
difficult being a good example is.Teaching Methods
Teaching your Child to Speak
Teaching Babies to Talk - Teaching Language to Students
Talking Directly to Toddlers Strengthens their Language Skills
Normal Speech and Language Development
Toddler Language Gap
The Power of
Teacher Child Conversations
Thirty Million Words
(5 videos with text) Deb Roy: The birth of a word
Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
Effective Teacher Student Interactions
Early Education Research
is when babies try to talk but can not speak words
clearly enough, usually delivered with a "cooing" pattern of intonation
different from that of normal adult speech: high in pitch, with many
glissando variations that are more pronounced than those of normal speech.
It frequently displays hyperarticulation, which is an increase in the
distances between peripheral vowels (such as [i], [u], and [a]). Baby talk
is also characterized by the shortening and simplifying of words. Baby
talk is similar to what is used by people when talking to their pets
(pet-directed speech). When adults talk to each other using baby talk it
is generally to either show affection by emulating the fondness shown by
adults for children, or as a form of bullying or condescension as children
are generally considered much less cognitively developed than adults,
implying that the adult receiving the baby talk is less intelligent than
the adult talking to them.
is speech during the two-word stage of
language acquisition in children, which is laconic or brief and to the
point; effectively cut short and efficient.
The Top 10 Assumptions about Early Speech and Language
is a failure in children to develop language
abilities on the usual age appropriate for their developmental timetable.
Language delay is distinct from speech delay, in which the development of
the mechanical and motor aspects of speech production is delayed.
Hearing ProblemsLearning Language
Choose the Right Vocabulary
"What do you want to be when you grow up?" That
is a stupid question to ask a kid. This is how the question
should be asked, "When you grow up and you become fully educated and intelligent,
what kind of things do you think you will do that will benefit
the world?" And don't forget to tell them that they don't have
to answer the question right now, and that the answers that they
give will most likely not be the same answers they will give
years from now. Everyone experiences change, and this is just
one of many ways that people use that helps them to reflect on
their lives as they get older. So it's not, "who do you want to
be?" Or "what do you want to be when you grow up?" or "What do you want to major in when your
in College?" Because that question explains very little about all the other possibilities
that a person will have their life. Plus, the more you learn
about yourself and the more you learn about world, the more you
will understand that most all of your decisions are based on
what you know, and how experienced you are. And if you are a
young person you most likely don't know a lot, or have you
experienced enough things in life in order to fully understand
them. So that's why it's a silly question.
Kids should give this answer "How the heck do I know, I'm just a
kid, when did you know?" Remember, Kids should definitely have
dreams and understand why
are necessary, but kids
should also know the facts, because after all, the more they know about
themselves and the world, the better. Learn together.
Purpose of Education
"All dreams come from some form of information, so the more you know, the better your
dreams will be."
is for readers and listeners up to
about age 12.
Child Development Books
Ages and Stages: A Parent's Guide to Normal Childhood Development Paperback – August 15, 2000
Parents Do Make a Difference: How to Raise Kids with Solid Character, Strong Minds, and Caring Hearts Paperback
May 7, 1999
Building Moral Intelligence: The Seven Essential Virtues that Teach Kids to Do the Right Thing Paperback
September 25, 2002
How to Raise a Human Being: a Parents' Guide to
Emotional Health from Infancy Through Adolescence Paperback
Positive Pushing: How to Raise a Successful and Happy Child Paperback – April 23, 2003
Your Child's Growing Mind: Brain Development and Learning From Birth to Adolescence Paperback –
May 25, 2004
Baby Minds: Brain-Building Games Your Baby Will Love Paperback – July 5, 2000
Child Development (8th Edition) Hardcover – July 28, 2008
The Scientist In The Crib: Minds, Brains, And How Children Learn Kindle Edition
The Philosophical Baby: What Children's Minds Tell Us About Truth, Love, and the Meaning of
July 6, 2010
Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation (Oxford Series in Cognitive
March 22, 2007
in the Everyday Experience of Young American Children
The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care
was written by
, is a manual on infant and child care first published
What Your Kindergartner Needs to Know: Preparing Your Child for a Lifetime of Learning
(Core Knowledge Series)
"Your children get only one childhood, so make it special."