Copyrights - Patents - Trademarks - Plagiarism
We don't want to stop people from being rewarded for their efforts.
But we also don't want people's greed and ignorance to stop
that the world desperately needs. No one should have the
right to impede progress and development. We need to come up with rules
and guidelines that protects the health
of everyone, and not
just have rules that can be exploited
by criminals with money. If someone
has a better idea
, an idea that is better for people and the planet, then
that idea should be used, and not be impeded by criminals, which is what
is happening today at the expense of every living thing on this planet.
And no one should have the right to waste resources, time, money and
people just to build
that do more harm the good. It's not a victimless crime
, stops improvements and hinders important advancements in
technology, then those particular patents and copyrights must be
given to the
Compensation shouldn't be just about money.
are works that intellectual property rights have
expired, so now these works can be used for individual creative expression
and be building blocks for the creation of new knowledge, which could help
promote education, through the spread of information, ideas, and
is to promote the Progress of
Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and
Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and
refers to the use of both inflows and outflows of knowledge to improve
internal innovation and expand the markets for external exploitation of
is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor
or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public
disclosure of an invention.
is a patent that claims an invention that
must be used to comply with a technical standard.
is an employee, usually a civil
servant with a scientific or engineering background, working at a patent
is an early sample, model, of a product
built to test a concept or process
or to act as a thing to be replicated
or learned from.
created by the law of a country that grants the creator of an
original work exclusive rights for its use and distribution. This is
usually only for a limited time.
Copyright protection arises automatically
a work is created. A work is "created" when it is fixed in
a copy or
for the first time. No publication or
registration or other action in the Copyright Office is required
to secure the copyright. There are, however, certain definite
advantages to registration.
refers to creations of the intellect for which a monopoly is
assigned to designated owners by law. Intellectual property
rights (IPRs) are the protections granted to the creators of IP,
and include trademarks, copyright, patents, industrial design
rights, and in some jurisdictions trade secrets. Artistic works
including music and literature, as well as discoveries,
inventions, words, phrases, symbols, and designs can all be
protected as intellectual property. (IP Holder)
formula, practice, process, design, instrument, pattern, commercial
method, or compilation of information which is not generally known or
reasonably ascertainable by others, and by which a business can obtain an
economic advantage over competitors or customers.
practices that prevent or reduce
competition in a market.
is a form of
conducted for commercial
purposes instead of purely national security.
Intellectual Property Rights
is you only pay once for the right to use the Photo or Video
Once the license fee has been paid, you may continue to use
licensed material in future projects without
the need to pay for additional license fees.
You cannot resell it, only use it.
Do Patent Wars Stifle Innovation
Do Patents Encourage or Stifle Innovation
A Case for Abolishing Patents
Share Alike 3.0
Case against Patents
is a person or company that attempts to
enforce patent rights against accused infringers far beyond the patent's
actual value or contribution to the prior art.
is a bill that would change the rules and regulations
surrounding patent infringement lawsuits in an attempt to reduce patent
is a collection of federal and state
government laws that regulates the conduct and organization of business
corporations, generally to promote fair competition for the benefit of
is a law that promotes or seeks to
maintain market competition by regulating anti-competitive conduct by
are efforts to fight against copyright infringement,
counterfeiting, and other violations of intellectual property laws.
is the commission of a prohibited act
with respect to a patented invention without permission from the patent
involves a set of rules or a promise
that limits access or places restrictions on certain types of information.
means to give permission as well as to the
document recording that permission.
is a process by which an object, person, place or idea may be copied
mimicked or reproduced.
is a copy or reproduction of an old book, manuscript, map, art print, or
other item of historical value that is as true to the original source as
is a recognizable sign, design, or expression
which identifies products or services of a particular source from those
of others, although trademarks used to identify services are usually
called service marks.
Patents and Trademark Office
Extended Collective Licensing
are collective copyright
and related rights laws and licensing agreements.
is a body created by copyright
law or private agreement which engages in collective rights management.
Peer to Patent
is an initiative that seeks to assist patent
offices in improving patent quality by gathering public input in a
structured, productive manner.
Peer to Patent
Digital Millennium Copyright Act
Leahy-Smith America Invents Act
U. S. Department
Public Domain Library
Copyrights, Online and for Free
is a US legal doctrine that permits limited use of copyrighted material
without acquiring permission from the rights holders. It is similar to the
fair dealing doctrines used in some countries outside the United States.
Fair use for Education
Copyright and Educational Fair Use
Fair Use on the Internet
General Public License
is a widely used free software license, which
guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the
Protect the Internet
Section 107 of the Copyright Law
American Society of Media Photographers
Retail Compliance Network
PRS Collects Royalties
Free Culture Movement
- Court Information
- Legal Help
is a Remix
Kirby Ferguson: Embrace the Remix
Open Source Cinema
is a limitation and exception to the exclusive right granted by copyright
law to the author of a creative work. Fair dealing is found in many of the
common law jurisdictions of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Web of Trust
is a concept used in PGP, GnuPG, and other
OpenPGP-compatible systems to establish the authenticity of the binding
between a public key and its owner. Its decentralized trust model is an
alternative to the centralized trust model of a public key infrastructure
(PKI), which relies exclusively on a certificate authority (or a hierarchy
of such). As with computer networks, there are many independent webs of
trust, and any user (through their identity certificate) can be a part of,
and a link between, multiple webs.
"Just because you make
that it belongs to everyone on the planet, this does not
guarantee that the people will understand the importance of this
knowledge, or will it guarantee that people will know how to
preserve this knowledge and share it with future generations.
But this is a good start. So in the process of preserving there
has to be instructions."
Students must Learn how to Be Original and learn the importance of creating new
literature and improving old literature.
must learn how to
teach originality and learn how to teach the importance of
creating new literature and the importance improving old
literature. Teachers have to stop blaming the internet for their
and students have to
stop blaming teachers for their failures in learning even if
it's true. Punishing students or the threat of punishment for
plagiarism is not teaching.
If a teacher finds plagiarism then the teacher should highlight
it and ask the student to
Cite the Source
and also comment on
why it is correct or incorrect.
Testing FailuresFair Use
is the moral code or ethical policy of academia. This
includes values such as avoidance of cheating or plagiarism; maintenance
of academic standards; honesty and rigor in research and academic
Academic Honor Code
or honor system is a set of rules or ethical
principles governing an academic community based on ideals that define
what constitutes honorable behaviour within that community. The use of an
honor code depends on the notion that people (at least within the
community) can be trusted to act honorably. Those who are in violation of
the honor code can be subject to various sanctions, including expulsion
from the institution. Honor codes are used to deter academic dishonesty.
, academic misconduct or academic fraud is any type of
cheating that occurs in relation to a formal academic exercise. It can
The adoption or
reproduction of original creations of another author (person, collective,
organization, community or other type of author, including anonymous
authors) without due acknowledgment.
The falsification of data, information, or citations
in any formal academic exercise. Deception:
Providing false information to an instructor concerning a formal academic
exercise—e.g., giving a false excuse for missing a deadline or falsely
claiming to have submitted work. Cheating:
Any attempt to obtain assistance in a formal academic exercise (like an
examination) without due acknowledgment (including the use of cheat
sheets). Bribery or paid services:
assignment answers or test answers for money.
Acting to prevent others from completing their work. This
pages out of library books or willfully disrupting
the experiments of others. Professorial
Professorial acts that are academically fraudulent
equate to academic fraud and/or grade fraud.
assuming a student's identity with intent to provide
an advantage for the student. Academic dishonesty has been
documented in every type of educational setting from elementary school to
graduate school. Throughout history this type of dishonesty has been met
with varying degrees of approbation.
Search for Copies of your Page on the
Turn it In
Paradigms Plagiarism Detection in Research
(Copy & Paste)
If you find a uniquely-phrased section of text of at least
ten words, then
copy and paste the entire into the Google
search bar to find
is the "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and
publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or
expressions" and the representation of them as one's own original work.
The idea remains problematic with unclear definitions and unclear rules.
The Problems with Regurgitating
is that you could be repeating
A new study by the Society of
Critical Care Medicine has found that 82% of
and 74% of attendings
copy and paste
more than 20% of their EHR patient progress notes from
one session to the next. Copying and pasting notes from one patient visit
to the next, known as “cloning”, can perpetuate outdated or
is widely seen as a poor practice, even if it appears to save time.
78% of shares are made via Copy & Paste.
78% students do cut-paste for homework from internet.
is a reference to a published or unpublished source
(not always the original source). More precisely, a citation is an
abbreviated alphanumeric expression embedded in the body of an
intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references
section of the work for the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the
works of others to the topic of discussion at the spot where the citation
in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to
connect to or link to, another object. The first object in this relation
is said to refer to the second object. The second object, the one to which
the first object refers, is called the referent of the first object.
Citing Guide for Electronic
is the process of evaluating an
information source, i.e. a document, a person, a speech, a fingerprint, a
photo, an observation or anything used in order to obtain knowledge. In
relation to a given purpose, a given information source may be more or
less valid, reliable or relevant. Broadly, "source criticism" is the
interdisciplinary study of how information sources are evaluated for given
tasks (cf. next sections). Journalism
Acknowledgment (creative arts and sciences)
is an expression of
assistance in creating an original work. Receiving credit by way of
acknowledgment rather than authorship indicates that the person or
organization did not have a direct
hand in producing the work in question
, but may have contributed
funding, criticism, or encouragement to the author(s). Various schemes
exist for classifying acknowledgments; give the following six categories:
moral support, financial support, editorial support, presentational
support, instrumental/technical support, conceptual support, or peer
interactive communication (PIC). Apart from citation, which is not usually
considered to be an acknowledgment, acknowledgment of conceptual support
is widely considered to be the most important for identifying intellectual
debt. Some acknowledgments of financial support, on the other hand, may
simply be legal formalities imposed by the granting institution.
Occasionally, bits of science humor can also be found in acknowledgments.
There have been some attempts to extract bibliometric indices from the
acknowledgments section (also called "acknowledgments paratext") of
research papers in order to evaluate the impact of the acknowledged
individuals, sponsors and funding agencies.
is a method for indexing and analyzing
acknowledgments in the scientific literature and, thus, quantifies the
impact of acknowledgments.
is a kind of bibliographic index, an index of
citations between publications, allowing the user to easily establish
which later documents cite which earlier documents.
Writing Styles and Guides
Thesis an Essay Tips
Internet Searching Tips
is the teaching and scholarship in rhetoric, writing, and technical
What is writing studies
Literacy Books & Websites
Resources for Information
"No one owns words, we just borrow and use words. I didn't
create language or did I create words, all I do is borrow words
and assemble them in a way that I can understand what they mean.
I'm always learning so how I assemble the words today may not be
the same way I assemble them tomorrow."
"I myself don't
feel it is stealing, because I put all the
material into a
completely different and unique context
and from the outset
consistently promoted the fact that
none of that is actually by
All Images are
copyrighted. All rights not specifically granted to you by
this Agreement are reserved. Your right to reproduce an Image or
video is subject
to the restrictions set forth in this agreement. Use is not licensed until payment is
Reproduction Rights Granted
By this agreement, Howard Polley Photography (Looking For Adventure.com
grants to you a personal, non-exclusive, non-transferable right
any Image or video from Looking For Adventure.com in one, and
of the following ways for the span of 2 years from date of
When Licensing an Image for Print Usage (Megabyte Image
may incorporate the Image in a print reproduction such as:
editorial, catalogs, brochures, reports, disposable packaging,
educational textbooks. The License for print Usage includes the
for Multimedia Usage under section "B" below
When Licensing an Image for Multimedia Usage (Megabyte Image
you may incorporate the Image in a Non-print reproduction such
sites, broadcast video, multimedia presentations and CD ROMS;
provided the image is incorporated into a design in such a
fashion that it is
clearly not intended to be downloaded or copied.
4) Non Transferable:
"Non-transferable, " as used in section 2, means that the work
Incorporating the Image, must be for your own use, or for the
use of your
direct employer, client, or customer, who must be the end-user
of your work.
You may not sell, rent, loan, give, sublicense, or otherwise
transfer to anyone
the Image or the right to reproduce the image.
refers to a copyright license which, if
purchased by a user, allows the one-time use of the photo as specified by
the license. If the user wants to use the photo for other uses an
additional license needs to be purchased. RM licences can be given on a
non-exclusive or exclusive basis.
Royalty Free Photos
refers to the right to use copyright material
or intellectual property without the need to pay royalties or license fees
for each use or per volume sold, or some time period of use or sales.
Not to be used
without prior written consent.
is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the
creator of an original work exclusive rights for its use and distribution.
This is usually only for a limited time. The exclusive rights are not
absolute but limited by limitations and exceptions to copyright law,
including fair use. A major limitation on copyright is that copyright
protects only the original expression of ideas, and not the underlying
to search the internet's
Digital Signatures of Images
to see if your photo is being
used without permission.
digital identity that computers and other digital devices can
see, hear, understand and react to.
a contract or license agreement covering access
to or use of materials on a web site or downloadable product.
common type of agreement often used in connection with software licenses.
(also known as clickthrough agreement or clickwrap license).
Shrink Wrap Contracts
are boilerplate contracts packaged
with products; usage of the product is deemed acceptance of the contract.
It's hard to be an original these
it seems that there's
always someone else who came up with the
already, but maybe yours is just a little different, and that's
all stand on the shoulders of giants
. Everyone has the
ability to add to life and make a little change, a little
improvement, or another variation that we may learn something
from. We do not want to stifle
, but you don't want to
encourage waste either. And just because someone else is being
paid to waste, this does not make it right or good. Again
influencing ignorant actions
, not all bad, it's just most of
these actions are not good or right. If you're wasting time that
causes other people to waste even more time, that's just crazy,
because that sure isn't life.
Wasted Time + Wasted Time = No Time - No Life. That is the
Formula For Death.
So it seems that you think that your work is so special that it
demands a certain price. I assume that you've done your
calculations and that you have included reality in your numbers.
Once we start the conversation about priorities, money will not
be accurate when measuring value. You have to use this Formula For
Life; (People + Time + Resources = Something That Is Needed). And
this need is based on priorities and the amount of People + Time +
Resources. And hopefully this need is either eatable,
drinkable, recyclable, reusable, repurposed, biodegradable, and
something that will benefit people without causing others to
suffer because of this benefit. Because that is something that
is not a benefit, so it could only be a crime.
Should you be able to patent a Human Gene?
(video and text)
Yes we want everyone to be paid fairly for their services, so
this is not about copyright, this is about
, and that's the
cause of the problem, but it's not the root of the problem,
because the root of the problem is education. And once we
improve education, then this page can then be filed in our
history, and we can occasionally look back at this and laugh
about how stupid we were then. Capitalism is corrupted and
flawed, and of course that abuse spreads through society like a
disease. Causing more corruption and more abuses like
. We want to share but we don't want
our sharing to cause more harm then good. If you are stealing
for the money then you are as criminal as the people at the top.
The only thing that trickles down from
Almost No Patented Discoveries Ever Get Used
Just because you found something
doesn't make it yours
. Even if
someone gives you something that doesn't make it yours either,
and it may not even be theirs to give in the first place.
is a fallacy and an illusion, we all live on
borrowed time. So where did
come from? Be thankful, be
grateful, but don't be blind. You don't own your life, life was
never yours to begin with.
Even your thoughts
are not really yours, because
you didn't create the language that you use.
to you. Language was built by the combined efforts of millions
of people over thousands of years. Everyone alive today is a
product of the 100 billion humans
that struggled to survive for 10's of thousands of years, all before you were even born. And
just because you assembled this language in a certain way you
now want to take ownership? To say "This
" is a lie and a distortion of reality
. Not to say
that you shouldn't have things, it's just saying that you
shouldn't hold on so tightly to the wrong things for the wrong
reasons. You can be an individual, you just can't pretend that
you are disconnected
from everything and everyone around you. We
know for a fact that
has many more benefits then not
sharing, so why are we doing this to ourselves?
I Think for myself is a lie, because to think for yourself without
any outside influences is impossible. You did not create
language, you did not create the words in that language, you did
not learn the definitions of those words by yourself because
someone already defined them for you. Everything that created
your intellect has been given to you. And some how you claim
ownership of things that came out of your mind when your mind is
not totally yours. A million people are involved in your
creation, and you turn around and lay claim and pretend that
your particular idea
is taking advantage of opportunities
without regard for the
consequences for others
. A lack of generosity; a general unwillingness
to part with money, resulting from a concern for your own welfare and a
disregard of others. An excessive desire for wealth (usually in large
Me, Me, Me
"If you want everything you must be
willing to give up everything."
It's funny how Apple can use
other peoples ideas and technology, but as
soon as some one else uses their ideas and technology, they sue
them for millions. This is not even the worst of this type of insane
thinking. The most damaging part of technology abuse is, who
actually has the right to use people, time and resources to make
an inferior product based on
, the answer is no one. If the
only benefit is that a few people are profiting from this
technology, while at the same time causing more damage to the
earth then their product alleviates, then this is the real
crime, not the Patent
does not determine the
something, money only determines the
We need companies to work together to make the best product
possible that would benefit everyone on the planet. Otherwise we are just
fighting over who gets to poison people and the planet the most. For now
Corporations are people, but they are sick people who belong in a mental
institution where they can get the help they need, hopefully before they
kill us all with their insanity and ignorant greed.
US Patent 8,086,604
emphasizes the significance of
groups—their identities, goals, rights, and outcomes. It is also about
analyzing problems in the interest of a group.Remix
is the legal determination of a court
that resolves legal uncertainty for the litigants.
Schools or any Social Improvements should be
exempt from royalties and patent laws as long as they do not
waste the technology, people, time, and resources, or impede any
other improvements or advancements."
is a bill that would change the rules and regulations
surrounding patent infringement lawsuits in an attempt to reduce patent
is a categorical or pejorative term applied to
person or company that attempts to enforce patent rights against accused
infringers far beyond the patent's actual value or contribution to the
prior art, often through hardball legal tactics (frivolous litigation,
vexatious litigation, SLAPP, chilling effects, and the like) usually
backed by a large war chest, sometimes to the extreme of what critics
regard as legally sanctioned extortion.
Tonight with John Oliver: Patents
Drew Curtis: How I Beat a Patent Troll
"Giving Proprietary Rights is like giving a
the right to Rape. And that is exactly what
corporations are doing."
is to acquire a benefit and to permit or deny others
the right to perform the same action or to acquire the same benefit. A
"prerogative" is in effect an exclusive right. The term is restricted for
use for official state or sovereign (i.e., constitutional) powers.
Exclusive rights are a form of monopoly
Exclusive rights can be established by law or by contractual obligation,
but the scope of enforceability will depend upon the extent to which
others are bound by the instrument establishing the exclusive right; thus
in the case of contractual rights, only persons that are parties to a
contract will be affected by the exclusivity. Exclusive rights may be
granted in property law, copyright law, patent law, in relation to public
utilities, or, in some jurisdictions, in other sui generis legislation.
Many scholars argue that such rights form the basis for the concepts of
and ownership. Privately granted rights, created by contract,
may occasionally appear very similar to exclusive rights, but are only
enforceable against the grantee, and not the world at large.
$20 billion was spent on patent
litigation and patent purchases in the last two years
. What a
waste of time, people and resources.
Patent applications has increased by
more than 50 percent over the last decade to more than 540,000
in 2011. Google has received 2,700 patents
since 2000 and Microsoft has received 21,000. Patents should
only be about documenting ideas, mainly so that people don't
waste time, resources and effort pursuing bad ideas. But the way
it is now the patent system is painfully wasting time, resources
and efforts because it is manipulated and corrupted by money,
and all this at the expense of the public and the environment.
. If actions cannot
, then our
actions become based on
, which makes all Civilizations very
, as seen throughout human history.
Patent Analysis by M-CAM
You're right, it isn't a
, after all, you created the victims in the
first place, so I
guess you want all the victims to yourself. Don't victimize my
victims, yes you are
. We have a screwed up system of
that encourages people to steal. We need people to prove necessity
and the true value
, and we
need to stop corporations from exploiting laws that were
ignorantly and corruptly written, for they do not confirm or
calculate accuracy or truth. So you see, after you have done
your math correctly, you are right in your creation, but you are
undeniably wrong in your estimated value, so please stop asking
to be compensated for your greed, ignorance and abuse, you're just wasting more
time, people and resources then was originally needed. So you
actually owe us, so pay-up morons! If I steal something
that doesn't really benefit me, then who's benefiting? No one.
Our education system needs to start educating people more thoroughly, more
effectively and more accurately.
the cause of all our problems, but when we improve education, it will be
the solution to all our problems.
Using Copyright Laws to Attack the
Not Invented Here
is a stance adopted by social, corporate,
or institutional cultures that avoid using or buying already existing
products, research, standards, or knowledge because of their external
origins and costs.
is a dense web of overlapping intellectual
property rights that a company must hack its way through in order to
actually commercialize new technology," or, in other words, "an
overlapping set of patent rights” which requires innovators to reach
licensing deals for multiple patents from multiple sources.
help patent holders realize their
responsibilities towards humanity.Ellen 't
Hoen: Medical Patents
Don Tapscott: Four Principles for the Open World
constitutes one of the limits of
intellectual property (IP) rights. Once a given product has been sold
under the authorization of the IP owner, the reselling, rental, lending
and other third party commercial uses of IP-protected goods in domestic
and international markets is governed by the principle.
an alternative to a patented
invention that does not infringe the patent’s claims. The phrase can also
refer to the invention itself.
The Pirate Party
formed to reform laws regarding
copyright and patents.
"One of the main reasons why humans have survived so long on
this earth is by the sharing of information and knowledge. But
for some reason there are ignorant people who want to put a price on
this life preserving action that we call "sharing".
Pass it on
Choices should only be
about fitting a particular purpose or need.
The world does
not need a thousand different types of cell phones. We should
only have cell phones that provide a particular purpose or need.
And all the other manufactures should just get together and
combine their technology and efforts into only a handful of cell
phones so that the cost and waste is low.
Technology is Just a ToolThe Human
Brain will always be King
Anything that you create could never be totally all yours. You
would have had to use some tool or information and knowledge
given to you by other people to make what you did. Like when I
take a photo, I didn't make the camera, I didn't make the
technology that prints the image or the technology that displays
the image electronically. I also learned photography techniques
from other photographers and received knowledge and information
from other people that helped me become a good photographer. All
I did is put myself in the right place at the right time and
then push a button, a button that may or may not capture the
image correctly. That is my work, but it was work that was only
made possible by the efforts and the knowledge of hundreds and
thousands of other people. So I can't take all the credit, so
how could I ask for credit? What is the true value of my work?
Can I quantify the positives against the negatives? In order to
effectively measure value you have to use science and an open
consensus of well informed citizens who are capable of choosing
wisely? Then what is the proper compensation? What other forms
of compensation should be considered besides money? This should
be about funding good ideas and not about impeding new ideas.
Most of the time People are not really discovering anything new
or creating something new, they're mostly just realizing
something that was already there, and usually they're not the
first to realize it. And on top of that they're not even fully
aware of all the positives and the negatives that will come from
didn't discover America, all he did was
realize that people and land were on the other side of the
ocean. You can't discover something when people are already
there, the Indians must have thought that he was nuts. And the
worst part is when Columbus shared this realization with other
people in his country that's when this realization turned into a
nightmare and caused the deaths of millions of Indians and the
destruction of land on a monumental scale. So some realizations
are not thought through enough in order to fully understand all
the implications that will come from this realization. Like
split an atom
. So you think you discovered something new but
all you did was cause the death of millions of people and the poisoning of
millions of acres of land, and you want a patent for that? You are
mentally ill. The same thing with people discovering oil. The only reason
that you were able to realize something was that 100 billion people lived
and died before you were even born, giving you the chance to realize
something and hopefully learn something from it, hopefully something that
will benefit people and the earth that provides us with life. You can't
take credit for the work of billions of people, all you can do is honor
them by making the most out of your life by making a positive difference
in the world.
Pass your Baton
Indigenous People's Day
The Seattle City Council introduced a resolution on Monday to
recognize Indigenous Peoples’ Day on the same day as the federal
holiday Columbus Day
. Thank You! (October 08, 2014)