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Governments - Corporations


U.S. CongressGovernment is a collective group of people that are involved in decision-making that's in the best interest of a country, state or city. Responsibilities include providing safety for its citizens, providing the needs of its citizens. Making laws and making sure that everyone is in compliance of these laws. Responsibilities also include keeping citizens informed and up-to-date on important matters that are happening locally and globally. Other Government responsibilities include the management of the money supply as well as the collection of taxes that will be use to maintain infrastructure and industries that are needed to provide the necessary services for every man, women and child. Well, that's what it is supposed to be anyway, but we have serious problems that are undermining our governments responsibilities to its citizens. Problems like corruption from wealthy and powerful influences, like Corporations. Types of Political Systems and Governments

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First everyone must learn to understand the inner workings of a Government and the Politics that surround it, as well as all the responsibilities that everyone shares, which is a lot more then just voting once every couple of years.


Search for Elected Officials


Find Your Local Politician

Voting Records Politician Search
Ballot Pedia
Portal: WikiFOIA
Inside Gov
Gov Track.us
Open 311

Fed Ramp
Voting Records
 
District Maps

Federal Register 
Gov Pulse.us
Candidate Tracking Tool (PDF)

Data.gov Government Open Data, not all the data is presented, and not all the data is calculated accurately, but it's a start. And what you start out with is not always what you end up with.

Budget (money)

Mashup Data
Civic Impulse
Open Apps

Beyond Transparency Tools that foster civic participation, civic education, government transparency and collaboration.

Freedom of Information Act is a law that gives you the right to access information from the federal government. It is often described as the law that keeps citizens in the know about their government.

Aristotle
Dod-Aristotle


Watch Dogs


People Watching the Government
, and we still don't know hardly anything about what's happening and why. The good news is that there are thousands of people who are working to improve the system, and also trying educate more people.

Missed Votes U.S. Office of Government Ethics (gov)
Government Waste
Judicial Watch - Judges
Activism.net
Ruckus Society
Watchdog.net
Hold Politicians Accountable

Whistle Blowers
Corporate Watch Dogs

OBM Watch
Government Oversight POGO
Citizens United
Pro Publica
Foreign Lobbying
Foreign Open Source
Sunlight Foundation
Get involved in Government
Get Involved in local Politics
Source Watch
State Watch (Europe)
PR Watch
Freedom Watch USA
Map Light
Little Sis
Public Accountability
How we know us
Open Congress
Participatory Politics
Open Secrets
Gov Track
Big Government
Government Docs
Electronic Frontier Foundation - Copyrights
Center for Social Media

Opportunity Solutions Project is a nonprofit, nonpartisan advocacy organization that seeks to improve lives by advocating for public policies based on the principles of free enterprise, individual liberty, and a limited, accountable government.

Internet Privacy - Internet Safety

Activism (knowledge base)

Graph and Chart Samples

Fact Checking
Fact Check
Politi Fact
Marist Poll
USA Facts Federal, state and local data from over 70 government sources.
Wiki Tribune Evidence-based journalism.
Fact Scan fact Checking Canadian Politics

Research Resources
Journalism Investigation

Government Printing Office (GPO)

Validity
Ratings
Surveys


Openness


Open Government
How Politicians Voted Open Government Initiative
City Management

Oversight Committee

Conflict of Interest
Contradiction
Corruption

Policy
Policy Archive
Brookings
Heritage Foundation
Pioneer Institute
American Policy
Public Policy Research
Institute for Policy Studies
Cato Institute
Federal Register
Rand
Act

US Action
Our Future
Ad Action
People for American Way
Independent Politics
America Speaks
Democracy Corps
No Labels
Common Cause

Accountability


Why they Vote Government Accountability Office is a government agency that provides auditing, evaluation, and investigative services for the United States Congress. It is the supreme audit institution of the federal government of the United States.
U.S. Government Accountability Office
Government Accountability Project (wiki)

Accountable (politics)
How to Hold Politicians Accountable (how to)

United States House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform

Like having a Fox Guard the Henhouse.

Oversight Hearings

Consumer Protection

Office of Special Counsel 

Inspector General is an investigative official in a civil or military organization that leads an organization charged with examining the actions of a government agency, military organization, or military contractor as a general auditor of their operations to ensure they are operating in compliance with generally established policies of the government, to audit the effectiveness of security procedures, or to discover the possibility of misconduct, waste, fraud, theft, or certain types of criminal activity by individuals or groups related to the agency's operation, usually involving some misuse of the organization's funds or credit. In the United States, there are numerous offices of inspector general at the federal, state, and local levels.

Watch Dogs

Petitions


Start a Petition
Go Petition
I Petitions
Credo Action
Petition Spot
Sign on
Change.org
Mechanical Turk
Demand Progress
Causes
Daily Kos
Move On
Progress Now
Take Part

Freedom to Petition the Government is the right to make a complaint to, or seek the assistance of, one's government, without fear of punishment or reprisals. The Article 44 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union ensures the right to petition to the European Parliament. The right can be traced back to the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, the Bill of Rights 1689, the Petition of Right (1628), and Magna Carta (1215).

Relevance Today

Human Rights
Constitution

Activism
List of Peace Activists
List of Civil Rights Leaders


Government Departments


Departments of the United States Government Government Departments List (usa.gov) - 90,000 Jurisdictions and 23 Million Employees.

Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress which, along with the House of Representatives, the lower chamber, composes the legislature of the United States. The annual salary of each senator, since 2009, is $174,000; the president pro tempore and party leaders receive $193,400. In June 2003, at least 40 of the then-senators were millionaires. When they leave office most become criminal lobbyist's.
Senate.gov

House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress which, along with the Senate, composes the legislature of the United States. The House is charged with the passage of federal legislation, known as bills, which, after concurrence by the Senate, are sent to the President for consideration. In addition to this basic power, the House has certain exclusive powers which include the power to initiate all bills related to revenue, the impeachment of federal officers, who are sent to trial in the Senate, and in cases wherein no candidate receives a majority of electors for President, the duty falls upon the House to elect one of the top three recipients of electors for that office, with one vote given to each state for that purpose. The presiding officer is the Speaker of the House, who is elected by the members thereof and is therefore traditionally the leader of the controlling party. He or she and other floor leaders are chosen by the Democratic Caucus or the Republican Conferences, depending on whichever party has more voting members. The House meets in the south wing of the United States Capitol.

House.gov

Representatives have three qualifications to be a representatives. Each representative must: (1) be at least twenty-five years old; (2) have been a citizen of the United States for the past seven years; and (3) be (at the time of the election) an inhabitant of the state they represent.

Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States consisting of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Congress meets in the Capitol in Washington, D.C. Both senators and representatives are chosen through direct election, though vacancies in the Senate may be filled by a gubernatorial appointment. Members are usually affiliated to the Republican Party or to the Democratic Party, and only rarely to a third party or as independents. Congress has 535 voting members: 435 Representatives and 100 Senators. The House of Representatives has six non-voting members in addition to its 435 voting members. These members can, however, sit on congressional committees and introduce legislation. These members represent Washington, D.C., Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Congress.org
Congress Link

Federal Agencies

Executive (government) is the organ that exercises authority in and holds responsibility for the governance of a state. The executive executes and enforces law.

Legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.

House of Mirrors is a maze-like puzzle with confusing reflections that disorients a person so they are unclear about where to go next. Run-Around is to be treated evasively or misleadingly, especially in response to a request.

Appointment is the act of putting a person into a non-elective position. Not always qualified.

Confirmation involves several steps set forth by the United States Constitution, which have been further refined and developed by decades of Article Two of the United States Constitution requires the President of the United States to nominate Supreme Court Justices and, with Senate confirmation, requires Justices to be appointed.
Judicial Nominations - Competence

US Courts
Supreme Court - Media
Legal Terminology

Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
What is Justice?
Institute of Corrections - Prisons
F.B.I.

Inspectors General
Postal Inspectors

US Embassy
Communications Commission
National Archives

Money
U.S. Treasury - Secretary
Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
Tax Administrators
Appropriations
Budget and Accounting Act is to provide a national budget system and an independent audit of government accounts. Mandates that all government estimates, receipts, and expenditures be cleared by the director of the budget. From the director, the estimates go directly to the president and from the president, directly to Congress.
Office of Management and Budget
Follow the Money
Budget (spending)
Money

Department of Commerce is the Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth. The mission of the department is to "promote job creation and improved living standards for all Americans by creating an infrastructure that promotes economic growth, technological competitiveness, and sustainable development". Among its tasks are gathering economic and demographic data for business and government decision-making, and helping to set industrial standards. This organization's main purpose is to create jobs, promote economic growth, encourage sustainable development and improve standards of living for all Americans. The Department of Commerce headquarters is the Herbert C. Hoover Building in Washington, D.C..
Commerce
City Commerce

The Cabinet of the United States is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States, who are generally the heads of the federal executive departments. All Cabinet members are nominated by the President and then presented to the Senate for confirmation or rejection by a simple majority (although, before use of the nuclear option during the 113th US Congress, they could have been blocked by filibuster, requiring cloture to be invoked by 3/5 supermajority to further consideration). If approved, they are sworn in and then begin their duties. Aside from the Attorney General, and the Postmaster General when it was a Cabinet office, they all receive the title of Secretary. Members of the Cabinet serve at the pleasure of the President; the President may dismiss or reappoint them (to other posts) at will.

Cabinet
The current Cabinet includes the Vice President and the heads of 15 executive departments, listed here according to their order of succession to the Presidency. Note that the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate follow the Vice President and precede the Secretary of State in the order of succession, but both are in the legislative branch and are not part of the Cabinet.

Vice President of the United States (VPOTUS) is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the Federal government as President of the Senate under Article One, Section Three, Paragraph Four of the United States Constitution. The vice president is also a statutory member of the National Security Council under the National Security Act of 1947 and under Amendment XXV, Clause One of the United States Constitution is the second-highest-ranking official in the presidential line of succession in the executive branch of the United States, after the President. The executive power of both the vice president and the president is granted under Article Two, Section One of the Constitution. The vice president is indirectly elected, together with the president, to a four-year term of office by the people of the United States through the Electoral College. In the presidential line of succession, the vice president is the first person who would normally ascend to the presidency upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. The Office of the Vice President of the United States assists and organizes the vice president's official functions.

Secretary of State heading the U.S. Department of State, is concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs. The Secretary of State is nominated by the President of the United States and is confirmed by the United States Senate. The Secretary of State, along with the Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of Defense, and Attorney General are generally regarded as the four most important Cabinet members because of the importance of their respective departments. Secretary of State is a Level I position in the Executive Schedule and thus earns the salary prescribed for that level. Creation by Congress in July 1789.

Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, which is concerned with financial and monetary matters, and, until 2003, also included several federal law enforcement agencies. This position in the Federal Government of the United States is analogous to the Minister of Finance in many other countries. The Secretary of the Treasury is a member of the President's Cabinet and  has been a non-statutory member of the U.S. National Security Council. The Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of Defense are generally regarded as the four most important cabinet officials because of the importance of their departments. The Secretary of the Treasury is fifth in the United States presidential line of succession.

Secretary of Defense is the leader and chief executive officer of the Department of Defense, an Executive Department of the Government of the United States of America. The Secretary of Defense's power over the United States military is second only to that of the President. This position corresponds to what is generally known as a Defense Minister in many other countries. The Secretary of Defense is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, and is by custom a member of the Cabinet and by law a member of the National Security Council. Secretary of Defense is a statutory office, and the general provision in 10 U.S.C. § 113 provides that the Secretary of Defense has "authority, direction and control over the Department of Defense", and is further designated by the same statute as "the principal assistant to the President in all matters relating to the Department of Defense". Ensuring civilian control of the military, an individual may not be appointed as Secretary of Defense within seven years after relief from active duty as a commissioned officer of a regular (i.e., non-reserve) component of an armed force. The Secretary of Defense is in the chain of command and exercises command and control, for both operational and administrative purposes subject only to the orders of the President, over all Department of Defense forces: the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, and Air Force. This is also extended to the United States Coast Guard during any period of time in which its command and control is transferred to the Department of Defense. Only the Secretary of Defense (or the President) can authorize the transfer of operational control of forces between the three Military Departments (the departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force) and the nine Combatant Commands (Africa Command, Central Command, European Command, Northern Command, Pacific Command, Southern Command, Special Operations Command, Strategic Command, Transportation Command). Because the Office of Secretary of Defense is vested with legal powers which exceed those of any commissioned officer, and is second only to the President in the military hierarchy, it has sometimes unofficially been referred to as a de facto "deputy commander-in-chief". The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the principal military adviser to the Secretary of Defense and the President, and while the Chairman may assist the Secretary and President in their command functions, the Chairman is not in the chain of command. The Secretary of Defense, Secretary of State, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of the Treasury are generally regarded as the four most important cabinet officials because of the importance of their departments. The Secretary of Education is supposed to be even more important, but we have criminals in power who want people to be ignorant.

Intelligence Departments

Attorney General is the head of the United States Department of Justice per 28 U.S.C. § 503, concerned with legal affairs, and is the chief law enforcement officer and chief lawyer of the United States government. The attorney general serves as a member of the cabinet of the President of the United States and is the only cabinet officer who does not have the title of secretary. The Attorney General is appointed by the President and takes office after confirmation by the United States Senate. Confirmation is a two step process in the Senate, first with the Judiciary Committee and then the majority of the full Senate. He or she serves at the pleasure of the president and can be removed by the president at any time; the attorney general is also subject to impeachment by the House of Representatives and trial in the Senate for "treason, bribery, and other high crimes and misdemeanors." The office of Attorney General was established by Congress by the Judiciary Act of 1789. The original duties of this officer were "to prosecute and conduct all suits in the Supreme Court in which the United States shall be concerned, and to give his advice and opinion upon questions of law when required by the president of the United States, or when requested by the heads of any of the departments." Only in 1870 was the Department of Justice established to support the attorney general in the discharge of their responsibilities. The Attorney General, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Secretary of Defense are generally regarded as the four most important cabinet officials because of the importance of their departments. All of the people who have served as Attorney General of the United States are listed in this article.

Secretary of the Interior is the head of the U.S. Department of the Interior. The U.S. Department of the Interior should not be confused with the Ministries of the Interior as used in many other countries. Ministries of the Interior in these other countries correspond primarily to the Department of Homeland Security in the U.S. Cabinet and secondarily to the Department of Justice. The U.S. Department of the Interior is responsible for the management and conservation of most federal land and natural resources; it oversees such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, and the National Park Service. The Secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation board. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet. Because the policies and activities of the Department of the Interior and many of its agencies have a substantial impact in the western United States, the Secretary of the Interior has typically come from a western state; only one of the individuals to hold the office since 1949 is not identified with a state lying west of the Mississippi River.
The line of succession for the Secretary of Interior is as follows:
Deputy Secretary of the Interior
Solicitor of the Interior
Assistant Secretary for Policy, Management and Budget
Assistant Secretary for Land and Minerals Management
Assistant Secretary for Water and Science
Assistant Secretary for Fish, Wildlife and Parks
Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs
Director, Security, Safety, and Law Enforcement, Bureau of Reclamation
Central Region Director, US Geological Survey
Intermountain Regional Director, National Park Service
Region 6 (Mountain-Prairie Region) Director, US Fish and Wildlife Service
Colorado State Director, Bureau of Land Management
Regional Solicitor, Rocky Mountain Region

Secretary of Agriculture is the head of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The position carries similar responsibilities to those of agriculture ministers in other governments. The department includes several organizations. The 297,000 mi2 (770,000 km²) of national forests and grasslands are managed by the United States Forest Service. The safety of food produced that are produced in the United States and sold here is ensured by the United States Food Safety and Inspection Service. The Food Stamp Program works with the states to provide food to low-income people. Advice for farmers and gardeners is provided by the United States Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service.
The line of succession for the Secretary of Agriculture is as follows:
Deputy Secretary of Agriculture
Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm and Foreign Agriculture Services
Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Administration
Under Secretary of Agriculture for Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services
Under Secretary of Agriculture for Research, Education, and Economics
Under Secretary of Agriculture for Food Safety
Under Secretary of Agriculture for Natural Resources and Environment
Under Secretary of Agriculture for Rural Development
Under Secretary of Agriculture for Marketing and Regulatory Programs
General Counsel of the Department of Agriculture
Chief of Staff, Office of the Secretary
State Executive Directors of the Farm Service Agency (in order of seniority by length of unbroken tenure) for the States of: California, Iowa, Kansas
Regional Administrators of the Food and Nutrition Service (in order of seniority by length of unbroken tenure) for the:
Mountain Plains Regional Office (Denver, Colorado)
Midwest Regional Office (Chicago, Illinois)
Western Regional Office (San Francisco, California)
Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Agriculture
Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Civil Rights
Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Congressional Relations
In 2015, Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack said "There are days when I have literally nothing to do".

FDA Food and Drug Administration is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the control and supervision of food safety, tobacco products, dietary supplements, prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceutical drugs (medications), vaccines, biopharmaceuticals, blood transfusions, medical devices, electromagnetic radiation emitting devices (ERED), cosmetics, animal foods & feed and veterinary products.

Secretary of Health and Human Services is the head of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, concerned with health matters. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet. The office was formerly Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. In 1979, the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was renamed the Department of Health and Human Services, and its education functions transferred to the new Department of Education. Patricia Roberts Harris headed the department before and after it was renamed. Nominations to the office of Secretary of HHS are referred to the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee and the Finance Committee, which has jurisdiction over Medicare and Medicaid, before confirmation is considered by the full United States Senate. Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act the role of the Secretary has been greatly expanded.

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development is the head of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, a member of the President's Cabinet, and Twelfth in the Presidential line of succession. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Housing and Urban Development on September 9, 1965, by President Lyndon B. Johnson's signing of the Department of Housing and Urban Development Act (Pub.L. 89–174) into law. The Department's mission is "to increase homeownership, support community development and increase access to affordable housing free from discrimination."

Secretary of Transportation is the head of the United States Department of Transportation, a member of the President's Cabinet, and thirteenth in the Presidential Line of Succession. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Transportation on October 15, 1966, by President Lyndon B. Johnson's signing of the Department of Transportation Act. The Department's mission is "to develop and coordinate policies that will provide an efficient and economical national transportation system, with due regard for need, the environment, and the national defense." The Secretary of Transportation oversees eleven agencies, including the Federal Aviation Administration, the Federal Highway Administration, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. In April 2008, Mary Peters launched the official blog of the Secretary of Transportation called The Fast Lane. The salary of the Secretary of Transportation is $199,700.

Secretary of Energy is the head of the U.S. Department of Energy, a member of the Cabinet of the United States, and Fourteenth in the presidential line of succession. The position was formed on October 1, 1977 with the creation of the Department of Energy when President Jimmy Carter signed the Department of Energy Organization Act. Originally the post focused on energy production and regulation. The emphasis soon shifted to developing technology for better and more efficient energy sources as well as energy education. After the end of the Cold War, the department's attention also turned toward radioactive waste disposal and maintenance of environmental quality. The current Secretary of Energy is Ernest Moniz. Former Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger was the first Secretary of Energy, who was a Republican nominated to the post by Democratic President Jimmy Carter, the only time a president has appointed someone of another party to the post. Schlesinger is also the only secretary to be dismissed from the post.

Secretary of Education is the head of the U.S. Department of Education, and takes advice, and proposes and executes legislation that deals with federal influence over Education policy. As a member of the President's Cabinet, this Secretary is fifteenth in line of United States presidential line of succession. The United States Secretary of Education is a member of the President's Cabinet, the fifteenth in line of United States presidential line of succession. This Secretary deals with federal influence over Education policy, and heads the U.S. Department of Education. The Secretary is advised by the National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity, an advisory committee, on "matters related to accreditation and to the eligibility and certification process for institutions of higher education."

Secretary of Veterans Affairs is the head of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the department concerned with veterans' benefits, health care, and national veterans' memorials and cemeteries. The Secretary is a member of the Cabinet and second to last at sixteenth in the line of succession to the presidency (the position was last until the addition of the United States Department of Homeland Security in 2006). To date, all appointees and acting appointees to the post have been United States military veterans, but that is not a requirement to fill the position. When the post of Secretary is vacant, the United States Deputy Secretary of Veterans Affairs or any other person designated by the President serves as Acting Secretary until the President nominates and the United States Senate confirms a new Secretary.

Secretary of Homeland Security is the head of the United States Department of Homeland Security, the body concerned with protecting the U.S. and the safety of U.S. citizens. The secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet. The position was created by the Homeland Security Act following the attacks of September 11, 2001. The new department consisted primarily of components transferred from other cabinet departments because of their role in homeland security, such as the Coast Guard, the Federal Protective Service, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (which includes the Border Patrol), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (which includes Homeland Security Investigations), the Secret Service, and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). It did not, however, include the FBI or the CIA. On January 20, 2009, the Senate confirmed Barack Obama's appointment of Janet Napolitano to be the third Secretary of Homeland Security, effective January 21, 2009. Napolitano resigned effective August 2013 to head the University of California.

Intelligence Departments

Cabinet-level Officials

White House Chief of Staff The White House chief of staff is the highest ranking employee of the White House. The position is a modern successor to the earlier role of the president's private secretary. The role was formalized as the assistant to the president in 1946 and acquired its current name in 1961. The chief of staff is appointed by and serves at the pleasure of the president; it does not require Senate confirmation.

Office of Management and Budget is the largest office within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP). OMB's most prominent function is to produce the President's Budget, but OMB also measures the quality of agency programs, policies, and procedures to see if they comply with the president's policies and coordinates inter-agency policy initiatives. The OMB Director reports to the President, Vice President and the White House Chief of Staff.

Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency is the head of the United States federal government's Environmental Protection Agency, and is thus responsible for enforcing the nation's Clean Air and Clean Water Acts, as well as numerous other environmental statutes. The Administrator is nominated by the President of the United States and must be confirmed by a vote of the Senate. The office of Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency was created in 1970 in legislation that created the agency. The EPA Administrator is customarily accorded Cabinet rank by the President and sits with the President, Vice President, and the 15 Cabinet Secretaries. Since the late 1980s, there has been a movement to make the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency a Cabinet Secretary, thus making the EPA a 16th Cabinet department, dealing with environmental policy. The Administrator of the EPA is equivalent to the position of Minister of the Environment in other countries.

Trade Representative is the United States government agency responsible for developing and recommending United States trade policy to the president of the United States, conducting trade negotiations at bilateral and multilateral levels, and coordinating trade policy within the government through the interagency Trade Policy Staff Committee (TPSC) and Trade Policy Review Group (TPRG). Established as the Office of the Special Trade Representative (STR) under the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, the USTR is part of the Executive Office of the President. With over 200 employees, the USTR has offices in Geneva, Switzerland, and Brussels, Belgium.

Ambassador to the United Nations is the leader of the U.S. delegation, the U.S. Mission to the United Nations. The position is more formally known as the "Permanent Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, with the rank and status of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, and Representative of the United States of America in the Security Council of the United Nations"; it is also known as the U.S. Permanent Representative, or "Perm Rep", to the United Nations. The U.S. Permanent Representative, currently Samantha Power, is charged with representing the United States on the U.N. Security Council and during almost all plenary meetings of the General Assembly, except in the rare situation in which a more senior officer of the United States (such as the U.S. Secretary of State or the President of the United States) is present. Like all United States ambassadors, he or she must be nominated by the U.S. President and confirmed by the Senate.

Council of Economic Advisers is an agency within the Executive Office of the President that advises the President of the United States on economic policy. The CEA provides much of the objective empirical research for the White House and prepares the annual Economic Report of the President.

Administrator of the Small Business Administration is the head of the Small Business Administration of the United States Government.

Technical Information Service
General Services Admin.
FEMA
U.S. Capital
Government Website
White House.gov
Washington DC
Washington D.C. Photos
America.gov
City Year
Recovery.gov
Change.gov
Bill Hammons
Federal Reporting
Library of Congress

Involve in local Government
Get Involved
Civic Education
Teen Gov
Governmental Research

Chalmers Johnson (Book)
Propaganda (Book)
Propaganda Knowledge

Ron Paul - For Liberty
David Korten
Ralph Nader
Howard Zinn
Bernie Sanders - Bernie
Cynthia Mckinney

Independent Party   Aipca
Independent Voting
Green Party



Immigration


Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take-up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.

Immigration (uscis.gov)
Great Immigrants

Regulations

H-1B Visa allows U.S. employers to temporarily employ foreign workers in specialty occupations. If a foreign worker in H-1B status quits or is dismissed from the sponsoring employer, the worker must either apply for and be granted a change of status to another non-immigrant status, find another employer (subject to application for adjustment of status and/or change of visa), or leave the U.S. Effective January 17, 2017, USCIS modified the rules to allow a grace period of up to 60 days.

EB-5 Visa provides a method of obtaining a green card for foreign nationals who invest money in the United States. To obtain the visa, individuals must invest $1,000,000 (or at least $500,000 in a Targeted Employment Area - high unemployment or rural area), creating or preserving at least 10 jobs for U.S. workers excluding the investor and their immediate family. Initially, under the first EB-5 program, the foreign investor was required to create an entirely new commercial enterprise; however, under the Pilot Program investments can be made directly in a job-generating commercial enterprise (new, or existing - "Troubled Business"), or into a "Regional Center" - a 3rd party-managed investment vehicle (private or public), which assumes the responsibility of creating the requisite jobs. Regional Centers may charge an administration fee for managing the investor's investment.

Work Permit is the permission to take a job within a foreign country. It may also be a permit given to minors allowing them to work legally under child labor laws. Within an industry, a work permit may be required to execute certain functions within a factory outside normal operational tasks (such as maintenance tasks) - in some places they might be called Permit to Work (PTW)."

Work Permits - Visas

Permit (PDF)

The US Department of Labor - Jobs

Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state. A person may have multiple citizenships and a person who does not have citizenship of any state is said to be stateless.

Citizenship & Immigration
Public Citizen
Citizens Rule Book (amazon)
Citizens for Ethics
Citizen Tube
Civilian Nation

Right of Asylum 
Refugees
Amnesty

Becoming a Citizen

Naturalization is the legal act or process by which a non-citizen in a country may acquire citizenship or nationality of that country. It may be done by a statute, without any effort on the part of the individual, or it may involve an application and approval by legal authorities. The rules of naturalization vary from country to country and typically include a minimum legal residency requirement, and may specify other requirements such as knowledge of the national dominant language or culture, a promise to obey and uphold that country's laws.

Social Justice - Laws



Health Care Reform


Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is a United States federal statute enacted by the 111th United States Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010. Under the act, hospitals and primary physicians would transform their practices financially, technologically, and clinically to drive better health outcomes, lower costs, and improve their methods of distribution and accessibility. The Affordable Care Act was designed to increase health insurance quality and affordability, lower the uninsured rate by expanding insurance coverage and reduce the costs of healthcare. It introduced mechanisms including mandates, subsidies and insurance exchanges. The law requires insurers to accept all applicants, cover a specific list of conditions and charge the same rates regardless of pre-existing conditions or sex.

Health Care for America
Health Reform
Universal Health Care
Physicians for Health Plan
Medicare & Medicaid Services
Common Health
Coverage for All

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act protects health insurance coverage for workers and their families when they change or lose their jobs. Title II of HIPAA, known as the Administrative Simplification (AS) provisions, requires the establishment of national standards for electronic health care transactions and national identifiers for providers, health insurance plans, and employers. (signed by President Bill Clinton in 1996)

Insurance (does not guarantee better health)

Health Websites
Mental Health Websites


Corporations


Corporate Watch
Stop Corporate Abuse
Represent Us

Corporate Crime refers to crimes committed either by a corporation (i.e., a business entity having a separate legal personality from the natural persons that manage its activities), or by individuals acting on behalf of a corporation or other business entity (see vicarious liability and corporate liability). Some negative behaviours by corporations may not actually be criminal; laws vary between jurisdictions. For example, some jurisdictions allow insider trading.

White-Collar Crime refers to financially motivated nonviolent crime committed by business and government professionals.

Government Watch Dogs
Reclaim Democracy

Corporate Rights
Corporate Europe
Corporate Person Hood

Corporate Responsibility is a form of corporate self-regulation integrated into a business model. CSR policy functions as a self-regulatory mechanism whereby a business monitors and ensures its active compliance with the spirit of the law, ethical standards and national or international norms. With some models, a firm's implementation of CSR goes beyond compliance and statutory requirements, which engages in "actions that appear to further some social good, beyond the interests of the firm and that which is required by law". The binary choice between 'complying' with the law and 'going beyond' the law must be qualified with some nuance. In many areas such as environmental or labor regulations, employers can choose to comply with the law, to go beyond the law, but they can also choose to not comply with the law, such as when they deliberately ignore gender equality or the mandate to hire disabled workers. There must be a recognition that many so-called 'hard' laws are also 'weak' laws, weak in the sense that they are poorly enforced, with no or little control and/or no or few sanctions in case of non-compliance. 'Weak' law must not be confused with soft law. The aim is to increase long-term profits and shareholder trust through positive public relations and high ethical standards to reduce business and legal risk by taking responsibility for corporate actions. CSR strategies encourage the company to make a positive impact on the environment and stakeholders including consumers, employees, investors, communities, and others. Proponents argue that corporations increase long-term profits by operating with a CSR perspective, while critics argue that CSR distracts from businesses' economic role. A 2000 study compared existing econometric studies of the relationship between social and financial performance, concluding that the contradictory results of previous studies reporting positive, negative, and neutral financial impact, were due to flawed empirical analysis and claimed when the study is properly specified, CSR has a neutral impact on financial outcomes. Critics questioned the "lofty" and sometimes "unrealistic expectations" in CSR. or that CSR is merely window-dressing, or an attempt to pre-empt the role of governments as a watchdog over powerful multinational corporations. Political sociologists became interested in CSR in the context of theories of globalization, neoliberalism and late capitalism. Some sociologists viewed CSR as a form of capitalist legitimacy and in particular point out that what began as a social movement against uninhibited corporate power was transformed by corporations into a 'business model' and a 'risk management' device, often with questionable results. CSR is titled to aid an organization's mission as well as serve as a guide to what the company represents for its consumers. Business ethics is the part of applied ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that can arise in a business environment. ISO 26000 is the recognized international standard for CSR. Public sector organizations (the United Nations for example) adhere to the triple bottom line (TBL). It is widely accepted that CSR adheres to similar principles, but with no formal act of legislation.

Corporate Responsibility - Corporate Social Responsibility (wiki)

Social Progress - Public Service

Environment Legal Defense
Global Witness
Sacom
Wiki Leaks
Poclad
Labor Rights Now
No Sweat
Human Rights
Food Workers Union
Business Human Rights

Big Business involves large-scale corporate-controlled financial or business activities. As a term, it describes activities that run from "huge transactions" to the more general "doing big things". The concept first arose in a symbolic sense after 1880 in connection with the combination movement that began in American business at that time. United States corporations that fall into the category of "big business" as of 2015 include ExxonMobil, Wal-Mart, Google, Microsoft, Apple, General Electric, General Motors, Citigroup, Goldman Sachs and JPMorgan Chase. The largest German corporations as of 2012 included Daimler AG, Deutsche Telekom, Siemens and Deutsche Bank.  Among the largest companies in the United Kingdom as of 2012 are HSBC, Barclays, WPP plc and BP. The latter half of the 19th century saw more technological advances and corporate growth in additional sectors, such as petroleum, machinery, chemicals, and electrical equipment.

ACLU
PR Watch
Kroll_Inc is a corporate investigations and risk consulting firm based in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Move On
Public Interest Research
Co op America
Global Exchange
Naomiklein
Smart meme
On The Commons
Green Peace
The Zeitgeist Movement

How Greed Destroys Democracy

Corporate Law regulates the governance, finance and power of corporations in US law. Every state and territory has its own basic corporate code, while federal law creates minimum standards for trade in company shares and governance rights, found mostly in the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended by laws like the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the Dodd-Frank Act of 2010. The US Constitution was interpreted by the US Supreme Court to allow corporations to incorporate in the state of their choice, regardless of where their headquarters are. Over the 20th century, most major corporations incorporated under the Delaware General Corporation Law, which offered lower corporate taxes, fewer shareholder rights against directors, and developed a specialized court and legal profession. Nevada has done the same. Twenty-four states follow the Model Business Corporation Act, while New York and California are important due to their size.

Powerful Families and Organizations

Stop Child Labor
Free the Children
End Child Labor

Time-Bound Programmes (wiki)
Time-bound measures to address this issue will attempt to: Prevent the engagement of children in the worst forms of child labour. Provide direct assistance for the removal of children from the worst forms of child labour and for their rehabilitation and social integration. Ensure access to free basic education and appropriate vocational training for all children removed from the worst forms of child labour. Identify and reach out to children at special risk, and Take account of the special situation of girls.

National Labor Committee
No Sweat Apparel
Sweat Free
Maquila Solidarity
War On Want
Ad Busters
Unite Here
My Cultural Divide (video)

Whistle Blowers
Grievances
Corporations (occupy)

Common Purpose Law is a common law legal doctrine that imputes criminal liability to the participants in a criminal enterprise for all that results from that enterprise. A common application of the rule is to impute criminal liability for wounding a person to participants in a riot who knew, or were reckless as to knowing, that one of their number had a knife and might use it, despite the fact that the other participants did not have knives themselves.

Move to Amend

Corporation Documentaries

Money is a Man Made Tool, it's not a Reason.
Learn the Facts, do the Math.


Genocide


Genocide Prevention Now
End Genocide
Genocide Watch
Stand Now

Genocide are acts committed with intent to mass murder and destroy, in whole or in part, a nation, a state, an ethnic group, a racial group or a religious group.
Genocides in History (wiki)

UN Resolution 1769
Paragraphs 138-139 World Summit
U.N. Security Council Resolutions
International Committee of the Red Cross
United Nations Foundation
United Nations

The Responsibility to Protect Prevention requires apportioning Responsibility to and promoting collaboration between concerned States and the international community. The duty to prevent and halt genocide and mass atrocities lies first and foremost with the State, but the international community has a role that cannot be blocked by the invocation of sovereignty. Sovereignty no longer exclusively protects States from foreign interference; it is a charge of responsibility where States are accountable for the welfare of their people. This principle is enshrined in article 1 of the Genocide Convention and embodied in the principle of “sovereignty as responsibility” and in the concept of the Responsibility to Protect. The three pillars of the responsibility to protect, as stipulated in the Outcome Document of the 2005. United Nations World Summit (A/RES/60/1, para. 138-140) and formulated in the Secretary-General's 2009 Report (A/63/677) on Implementing the Responsibility to Protect are:
The State carries the primary responsibility for protecting populations from genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing, and their incitement; The international community has a responsibility to encourage and assist States in fulfilling this responsibility; The international community has a responsibility to use appropriate diplomatic, humanitarian and other means to protect populations from these crimes. If a State is manifestly failing to protect its populations, the international community must be prepared to take collective action to protect populations, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.

Atrocities Prevention Preventing mass atrocities and genocide is a core national security interest and a core moral responsibility of the United States. – Presidential Study Directive 10, August 4, 2011

Addressing the causes and impacts of global instability and violent conflict are among the Department of State’s highest priorities. Mass atrocities -- large-scale, deliberate violence against civilians -- have devastating human impacts, and make peace and reconciliation more difficult to achieve. In order to effectively respond to potential mass atrocities, we must focus on and understand this type of violence, and ensure that our diplomatic approaches and programs address it. By engaging experts, improving our analysis, building the knowledge of staff and partners, and developing our understanding of the most effective diplomatic and programming responses, the Department is improving its ability to respond to potential mass atrocities.

Murder and War
Other ways People are Killed

NAACP
Color of Change
National Coalition on Black Civic Participation
Ruckus Environmental
Human Rights & Social Justice
Human Rights
National Urban League
Project Race
Employees International Union
Acorn
Intelligence Aggregator
Globalization Forum
Common Dreams
Equality and Democracy

Main Street Brigade
Reporters Committee
Freedom of the Press
Foot Noted
Move On 
JFK Library

United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
International Courts
Laws

Government in Exile
The Council of State Governments 

Public/Private Ventures (P/PV)
Public-Private Ventures was a nonprofit, nonpartisan, social research and policy organization; it disbanded on July 31, 2012.

Common Wealth Fund


It all comes down to how effective communities and governments are in communicating the most important information and knowledge to their citizens. People need good information and knowledge in order to be aware of their world so that they can be aware of their options and have the opportunity to make better choices that would ultimately preserve their freedoms and liberties, while at the same time control their own destinies. Leadership is a failure because you can't be a leader of ignorance. Educate and inform people.

"Government is an unnecessary evil. Human beings, when accustomed to taking responsibility for their own behavior, can cooperate on a basis of mutual trust and helpfulness."


Political Systems - Governments


It does not matter what Political System, Form of Government, Political Party or Ideology, a country has, no political structure will ever succeed or flourish without a very comprehensive, constantly improving and effective education system that provides equal Education for every citizen. Without a quality education for every person, no country on earth will ever rid itself of corruption, ignorance, crime, Social Diseases or suffering, no matter what political structure it has. These structures are doomed to fail as you can plainly see today and throughout human history. Ignorant people are horrible leaders and ignorant citizens could never Self Govern. Poor education creates mindless consumers and working slaves, as well as Corrupt leaders and politicians, which is a total waste of human potential. Our only Hope is to improve education. An education that matures, develops, thrives and evolves as our knowledge, information, experiences and wisdom increases. The world has so much knowledge and experience at its fingertips and its being wasted, misused, exploited, unappreciated, underutilized, unorganized, unrealized, it’s being lost, misplaced, destroyed, and most knowledge is not even being properly distributed or shared. It’s a huge mess and a complete injustice to future generations. 

These Labels used below are just Generalizing. To truly understand your world, you need to learn the facts. Some of these terms make people more divided. There needs to be a more expended view of this information in order to communicate effectively. There has been a lot of confusion about how humans should govern themselves. But today we know right from wrong, we know good from bad, we know cause and effect, we know the importance of Human Rights and Freedoms. So we need to upgrade to a new and improved Universal Governing System or a Universal Human Management System. A system that utilizes the worlds combined knowledge. A system that understands the importance of everyone having access to a high quality education, a Standard Issue Education. Knowledge is power. And if everyone is knowledgeable and educated to the same level, then everyone shares in the power, and no one can rule over you, and you could rule over no one. This is not to say there will be no hierarchy structure. Because every system needs rules in order to function. Except this time, now that everyone is highly educated equally to the same level, the responsibilities of our rules are clearly understood by everyone. So crimes and corruption will become irrelevant since no one wants to waste time, energy, people and resources when there is no need to. People would rather just live and be happy, as always.

There is no need for a New World Order, we just need an easy to use failsafe governing system that any country can easily implement. A system where every citizen has a voice. A system that guarantees that countries and states can be independent. A system that guarantees peace. A system that guarantees basic needs including rights and freedoms. A system that guarantees that everyone can work and share in the responsibilities of life equally without prejudice. Input-Output.
 
Implement is to apply in a manner consistent with its purpose or design.

Autocracy is a system of government in which supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to neither external legal restraints nor regularized mechanisms of popular control (except perhaps for the implicit threat of a coup d'état or mass insurrection). Absolute monarchy and dictatorship are the main historical forms of autocracy. In very early times, the term "autocrat" was written in coins as a favorable feature of the ruler, having some connection to the concept of "lack of conflicts of interests". Not to be confused with Leadership.

Dictatorship is a form of government where a group of countries (or Country) is ruled by one person or political entity, and exercised through various mechanisms to ensure the entity's power remains strong.

Fascism is a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism).

Extremism - Cults

Radicalism are the beliefs or actions of people who advocate thorough or complete political or social reform.

Political Radicalism denotes political principles focused on altering social structures through revolutionary means and changing value systems in fundamental ways.

Fundamentalism usually has a religious connotation that indicates unwavering attachment to a set of irreducible beliefs.

Partisan is a committed member of a political party. Biased

Republican Party supports free market capitalism, free enterprise, business, a strong national defense, deregulation, restrictions on labor unions, social-conservative policies (particularly opposition to abortion and same-sex marriage), and traditional values, usually with a Judeo-Christian ethical foundation.

Terrorism is the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence (terror) in order to achieve a political, religious, or ideological aim.

False Flag

Tyranny of the Majority is used in discussing an inherent weakness in the system of pure direct democracy and majority rule. Tyranny of the majority involves a scenario in which a majority of an electorate places its own interests above, and at the expense and to the detriment of, those in the minority, where by that detriment constitutes active oppression comparable to that of a tyrant or despot.
Tyranny - Secrecy

Patriarchy is a social system in which males hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property. In the domain of the family, fathers or father-figures hold authority over women and children. Some patriarchal societies are also patrilineal, meaning that property and title are inherited by the male lineage.

Patriarch was a man who exercised autocratic authority as a pater familias over an extended family. The system of such rule of families by senior males is termed patriarchy.

Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.

Plutocracy is a form of oligarchy and defines a society ruled or controlled by the small minority of the wealthiest citizens

Absolute Monarchy is a monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people. An absolute monarch wields unrestricted political power over the sovereign state and its people.

World Government a political psychopathic fantasy for a global government and a single state that exercises authority over the entire Earth. Be extremely aware of the next False Flag Attack because they will use this mass murder as a reason for a one world government. There is no need for a one world government when we have the U.S. Constitution and other Human Rights Agreements, where People can Govern Themselves. But sometimes we do need to enforce the laws that are made to protect people. So we need to have Military Forces that are designed to protect people without destroying the country itself, or without killing innocent people, or without violating peoples rights. We also need to educate the public so they are aware of injustices where ever they are in the world. Then people can take the appropriate actions, like boycotts and other methods, to force countries and states to abolish unjust laws and rules that violate Human Freedom and Human Rights, like we do sometimes in America, but not always. This is because Power and Control has been stolen from people. Power that people can easily have if people where more educated then the current pathetic standards that we have today.

New World Order refers to the emergence of a totalitarian world government. (politics)

Conservatism promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization. Conservatives seek to preserve institutions like the Church, monarchy and the social hierarchy, as they are, emphasizing stability and continuity, while others, called reactionaries, oppose modernism and seek a return to "the way things were".

Neo-Conservatism advocates the promotion of democracy and American national interest in international affairs, including by means of military force and are known for espousing disdain for communism and for political radicalism.

Right-Wing Politics hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable?, natural?, normal?, or desirable?, typically defending this position on the basis of natural law, economics or tradition?

Oligarchy meaning "to rule or to command" A form of power structure in which power effectively rests with a small number of people. These people might be distinguished by royalty, wealth, family ties, education, corporate, religious or military control. Such states are often controlled by a few prominent families who typically pass their influence from one generation to the next, but inheritance is not a necessary condition for the application of this term.

Globalization is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture.

Totalitarianism is a political system where the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible.

Inverted Totalitarianism is a system where corporations have corrupted and subverted democracy and where economics trumps politics. In inverted totalitarianism, every natural resource and every living being is commodified and exploited to collapse as the citizenry is lulled and manipulated into surrendering their liberties and their participation in government through excess consumerism and sensationalism.

Capitalism is a Racket

Corporatism is the sociopolitical organization of a society by major interest groups, known as corporate groups, such as agricultural, business, ethnic, labour, military, patronage, or scientific affiliations, on the basis of their common interests, which is the exploitation of resources and wealth at the expense of citizens and common sense.

Corporatocracy is an economic and political system controlled by corporations or corporate interests. It is most often used today as a term to describe the current economic situation in a particular country, especially the United States.

Supranational Union is a type of multinational political union where negotiated power is delegated to an authority by governments of member states. The concept of supranational union is sometimes used to describe the European Union (EU), as a new type of political entity.

Imperialism is an action where a country (usually an empire or kingdom) extends its power by acquisition of territories. It may also include the exploitation of those territories which is similar to colonialism which is generally regarded as an expression of imperialism.

Colonization is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components.

Colonialism is the establishment of a colony in one territory by a political power from another territory, and the subsequent maintenance, expansion, and exploitation of that colony. The term is also used to describe a set of unequal relationships between the colonial power and the colony and often between the colonists and the indigenous peoples.

Neocolonialism is the geopolitical practice of using capitalism, business globalization, and cultural imperialism to influence a country, in lieu of either direct military control (imperialism) or indirect political control (hegemony).

Polyarchy describes a form of government in which power is invested in multiple people. It takes the form of neither a dictatorship nor a democracy.


Government of the People for the People

Direct Democracy - where people have a voice

Technocracy is a system of governance where decision-makers are selected on the basis of technological knowledge. Scientists, engineers, technologists, or experts in any field, would compose the governing body, instead of elected representatives who are only elected because of money from wealthy corporate interests, and not because they are qualified. Leadership skills would be selected on the basis of specialized knowledge and performance, rather than parliamentary skills. Technocracy in that sense of the word (an entire government run as a technical or engineering problem) is mostly hypothetical. In another commonly used sense, technocracy is any portion of a bureaucracy that is run by technologists in technically and analytically sound ways. The term technocracy was originally used to advocate the application of the scientific method to solving social problems. In such a system, the role of money, economic values, and morals could be eliminated altogether. Concern would be given to sustainability within the resource base, instead of monetary profitability, so as to ensure continued operation of all social-industrial functions. Some uses of the word refer to a form of meritocracy, where the ablest are in charge, ostensibly without the influence of special interest groups. The word technocratic has been used to describe governments that include non-elected professionals at a ministerial level.

Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterized by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production; as well as the political ideologies, theories, and movements that aim at their establishment. Social ownership may refer to forms of public, collective, or cooperative ownership; to citizen ownership of equity; or to any combination of these. Although there are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them, social ownership is the common element shared by its various forms.

Self-Governing

Democratization is the transition to a more Democratic political regime. It may be the transition from an authoritarian regime to a full democracy, a transition from an authoritarian political system to a semi-democracy or transition from a semi-authoritarian political system to a democratic political system.

Democratic Socialism is a political ideology that advocates political democracy alongside social ownership of the means of production, often with an emphasis on democratic management of enterprises within a socialist economic system.

Democratic Party advocates social and economic equality, along with the welfare state. It seeks to provide government intervention and regulation in the economy. These interventions, such as the introduction of social programs, support for labor unions, moves toward universal health care and equal opportunity, consumer protection, and environmental protection form the core of the party's economic policy.

Solidarity

Nationalism - Patriotism

Liberal Democracy is a representative democracy operates under the principles of classical liberalism. It is also called western democracy. It is characterized by fair, free, and competitive elections between multiple distinct political parties, a separation of powers into different branches of government, the rule of law in everyday life as part of an open society, and the equal protection of human rights, civil rights, civil liberties, and political freedoms for all people.

Libertarianism wants to maximize autonomy and freedom of choice, emphasizing political freedom, voluntary association, and the primacy of individual judgment.

Liberalism emphasizes the role of liberty, social liberalism stresses the importance of equality.

Classical Liberalism advocates civil liberties and political freedom with representative democracy under the rule of law and emphasizes economic freedoms found in economic liberalism which is also called free market capitalism.

Neoliberalism is extensive economic liberalization policies such as privatization, fiscal austerity, deregulation, free trade, and reductions in government spending in order to enhance the role of the private sector in the economy.

Communism is a social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money, and the state.

Progressivism is based on the Idea of Progress, which asserts that advancements in science, technology, economic development, and social organization are vital to the improvement of the human condition.

Left-Wing Politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy and social inequality.

Moderate is an individual who is not extreme, partisan, nor radical.

Free Market (Trade)

Public Choice refers to "the use of economic tools to deal with traditional problems of political science"

Negative Liberty is freedom from interference by other people. Negative liberty is primarily concerned with freedom from external restraint and contrasts with positive liberty (the possession of the power and resources to fulfil one's own potential).

Positive Liberty is the possession of the capacity to act upon one's free will, as opposed to negative liberty, which is freedom from external restraint on one's actions. A concept of positive liberty may also include freedom from internal constraints.

Zeitgeist

Open Society is when the government is expected to be responsive and tolerant, and political mechanisms are said to be transparent and flexible.

Open Democracy

Federation is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions under a central (federal) government.

Utopia is an imagined community or society that possesses highly desirable or nearly perfect qualities.

Commune a large gathering of people sharing a common life; from Latin communis, things held in common) is an intentional community of people living together, sharing common interests, often having common values and beliefs, as well as shared property, possessions, resources, and, in some communes, work and income and assets.

Romanticism was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, with emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as glorification of all the past and nature, preferring the medieval rather than the classical.

Theocracy is a form of government in which a deity is the source from which all authority derives. The Oxford English Dictionary has this definition.

Ujamaa a political concept it asserts that a person becomes a person through the people or community.

Zionism is the national movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (roughly corresponding to Palestine, Canaan or the Holy Land).

Isolationism is the foreign policy position that a nations' interests are best served by keeping the affairs of other countries at a distance. Introvert. One possible motivation for limiting international involvement is to avoid being drawn into dangerous and otherwise undesirable conflicts. There may also be a perceived benefit from avoiding international trade agreements or other mutual assistance pacts. But you will never understand these dangers until you educate yourself. You can't isolate yourself in a world were everything is connected. Working together is the only logical choice that we have. We just don't want some ignorant and corrupt one world government telling us what to do. Secrecy can be Extremely Dangerous

Separatism is the advocacy of a state of cultural, ethnic, tribal, religious, racial, governmental or gender separation from the larger group. While it often refers to full political secession, separatist groups may seek nothing more than greater autonomy. While some critics[who ever they are?] may equate separatism with religious segregation, racist segregation, or sexist segregation, most separatists[whoever they are?] argue that separation by choice is not the same as government-enforced segregation and may serve useful purposes.

Reject Privatization and Deregulation for it only creates more corruption and more suffering, which has been Clearly Documented throughout history. Public Services can never be for profit or be about competition, only Service. Duty is for the service of mankind and not the reward for ignorance or corruption.

Parliamentary System is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from the legislature (parliament) and is also held accountable to that legislature. Parliament has three functions: representing the electorate, making laws, and overseeing the government (i.e., hearings, inquiries).
Semi-Presidential is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter two being responsible to the legislature of a state.

Representative Democracy is when elected officials represent a group of people (usually wealthy), as opposed to direct democracy in which all people decide directly on their own behalf.

Representation (politics) is supposed to be that citizens are granted representation in the government in the form of voting rights; however, some democracies have extended this right further.

Spokesperson is someone engaged or elected to speak on behalf of others. (define others)

Totalitarian Democracy refer to a system of government in which lawfully elected representatives maintain the integrity of a nation state whose citizens, while granted the right to vote, have little or no participation in the decision-making process of the government. (sound familiar?).

Social Democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a capitalist economy, and a policy regime involving collective bargaining arrangements, a commitment to representative democracy, measures for income redistribution, regulation of the economy in the general interest and welfare state provisions. Reform

Small Government is government which minimizes its own activities, like Regulations, Spying and Corruption.

Big Government is being excessively large and out of control.

World System is a multidisciplinary, macro-scale approach to world history and social change which emphasizes the world-system (and not nation states) as the primary (but not exclusive) unit of social analysis

Tea Party is an American political movement known for its conservative positions and its role in the Republican Party. Called for a reduction of the U.S. national debt and federal budget deficit by reducing government spending, and for lower taxes. The movement opposes government-sponsored universal healthcare and has been described as a mixture of libertarian, populist, and conservative activism.

Working Together

Theses videos below by the The Trap TV Series were taken down by corrupt and ignorant people, so please search for them.
BBC - The Trap, What Happened to Our Dreams of Freedom, 1 of 3, March 11, 2007 (youtube)  
BBC - The Trap, What Happened to Our Dreams of Freedom, 2 of 3 - The Lonely Robot (youtube)
BBC - The Trap, What Happened to Our Dreams of Freedom, 3 of 3 - We Will Force You to Be Free (youtube)
Government Documentaries 
The Future of Transparency: Bringing Government into the Digital Age US Deputy Chief Technology Officer Beth Noveck (video)  FORA.tv Technology  Season 1 Episode 23 | Aired: 04/29/2010  1:45:22

Two Concepts of Liberty was the inaugural lecture delivered by the liberal philosopher Isaiah Berlin before the University of Oxford on 31 October 1958.

James M. Buchanan was an American economist known for his work on public choice theory (included in his most famous work The Calculus of Consent).

Social Choice and Individual Values a theorem within it created modern social choice theory, a rigorous melding of social ethics and voting theory with an economic flavor.

Game Theory is "the study of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between intelligent rational decision-makers."

John Forbes Nash, Jr. was an American mathematician who made fundamental contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and the study of partial differential equations.

RAND Corporation is an American nonprofit global policy think tank originally formed by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.

"You can't have a representative government without respecting the sovereignty of the individual."   Robert Scheer

"The cycle of ignorance will continue forever if we never improve education and make it available to everyone, and revolution is futile if people don't become fully educated and aware."

"People make the mistake of looking at the government as some sort of separate entity. The Government is People, people who have responsibilities. You have to Know the people, you have to Know their responsibilities."

"Conservatism is an oxymoron, you can't preserve the best by ignoring changes, how do you think that the best came about, by people making changes you moron, so don't be an idiot."

Government Crimes
Documentaries
Media Literacy
Citizen Action
Politics
Money
Power
Economics

The problem with capitalism is that it puts profit over people. Capitalism also tries to excuse itself from the laws of nature at the expense of everyone else.  Not cool.

Education Reform is absolutely necessary but will take to long, we need an education revolution.

Karl Marx understood the importance of an organized revolutionary action, but he failed to understand that any socio-economic change is worthless and doomed to fail without educated citizens who possess clear defined goals and are not vulnerable to corruption. We are so fortunate to have almost a Democracy in America, though imperfect in some areas, it is one of the few political structures that allows the time needed for it’s ignorant citizens to realize its mistakes and injustices in order to correct them accordingly. Hopefully we can correct the problems before the country experiences a total collapse. And being in a recession is clearly saying that we are now close to the edge. With so much work that needs to be done we should have absolutely no unemployment at all. So we need to define our priorities and our responsibilities and put people to work on the most important issues and at the same time start educating our students so that they are prepared for the jobs that will be created when we finally define our priorities and finally define our responsibilities. Two of those priorities are Education Reform where we need an education system that is more comprehensive and effective. And the second priority is Government Reform where we need to remove all the corrupt elements that are destroying our democracy and holding back progress. This is just the beginning. And we can’t measure how much something costs using money as our only gauge because we will never be able to fully understand the true worth of our actions.  more...

Remember, ending poverty, ending hunger, providing healthcare, and even with all the greatest advances and improvements that we make in this world, non of these will mean nothing if we never increase the quality and quantity of our education. Give a person a fish you feed them for a day, teach that person how to fish and you feed them for a lifetime.

"Feeling good about government is like looking on the bright side of any catastrophe. When you quit looking on the bright side, the catastrophe is still there." 

"Government alone cannot solve the problems we deal with in our correctional facilities, treatment centers, homeless shelters and crisis centers - we need our faith-based and community partners."

Activism Quotes


Holding Politicians Accountable
By Kim Bobo

The elections of 1994 demonstrated the power of constituent organizing (mostly done by the right wing), the dissatisfaction of many voters with the current work of elected officials, and the importance of participating in the electoral process. In very few races were housing issues even discussed, except in the general context of slashing government spending. Now in the aftermath of the elections, we see low-income housing under attack.

We can mourn the state of affairs, or we can use the elections as a wake-up call. We must make housing a political issue, and we can begin by holding our elected officials accountable. This is no easy task. It requires consistent vigilance and hard work. And yet, if we want a more just society in which everyone is adequately housed, we must hold them accountable.

Sadly, elected officials care about one thing: votes. The keys to votes – and to the power needed to hold elected officials accountable – are people and money. Housing activists need to learn how to use these keys to influence elected officials. Use this four-step process to analyze your potential to hold your elected officials accountable and visibly demonstrate your organization's power. Government Watch Dogs

1. Analyze Elected Officials
Learn as much as possible about your elected officials. Learning about them one-by-one is crucial, because elections are held ward-by-ward or district-by-district.
By how much did the elected official win the election? The smaller the victory, the better for you – he or she will be eager to hear from constituents.
Who were the primary groups of people supporting the elected official? How many were "hard core" supporters and how many were possible swing voters?
What are the elected official's positions on your issues? Are they firm ideologi-cally, or are they more flexible depending upon the voters' positions?
Where did the elected official's money come from? Is any of it from groups that oppose you? Is there evidence to suggest that the elected official is "bought" by moneyed interests?

2. Analyze Your Supporters and Potential Supporters
Who are the people who care most about your issues? Money and votes flow from the committed supporters.
Who else might care about your issues? What other groups might be willing to vote based at least in part upon your issues?
Are your supporters and potential supporters registered to vote, and did they vote in the last election?
Did any of your supporters or potential supporters contribute money to their elected official?
How can we "cut" our issues so they appeal to a broad segment of voters? In order to be successful in the long run, we need a majority in the district or ward supporting our positions. This means we have to define our issues more broadly to unite poor and working class families. If not, they'll be pitted against one another, and we all lose.

3. Make a Plan
Is your elected official strong on your issues, and has he or she won the election by a wide margin? If so, keep up the good work. Maintain a relationship with the elected official and help that person strengthen the base in the community, but focus more attention on other, less agreeable or less popular elected officials.
Is your elected official a supporter of your issues who won by a small margin? If so, you will need to shore up his or her support. Make sure your supporters are registered and come out to vote. Register other voters. Educate potential supporters about your positions and the importance of having your elected official's support.
Is your elected official flexible (a moderate), depending upon the perceived interests of the district? You must demonstrate that a sizable portion of the district cares about your issues. The closer the election, the more the elected official cares about groups of voters; however, you must make sure that your group's support doesn't diminish the elected official's support from another group. If it does, you will have to demonstrate that votes and money support your position.
Is your elected official indifferent or adverse to your issues while having won the election by a small margin? Unless you think the elected official is redeemable, it is probably best to begin looking for another candidate to support and begin educating the voters about the official's position on your issues, so they will vote for an alternative candidate in the next election.
Does your elected official oppose your issues but enjoy wide electoral support? This is the worst situation. Unless a very large number of unregistered voters could be registered and mobilized, you may want to consider focusing your efforts on other districts.

4. Demonstrate Your Power. It is not enough to have the people and campaign contributors on your side, you must visibly demonstrate that power. A few tried and true tactics for demonstrating your power include:
Voter-registration drives. Make sure all new supporters are registered.
Turn out the vote campaigns. Except in times of high publicity and high voter
turnout, a well-orchestrated campaign to turn out the vote is an effective demonstration of power.
Orchestrate communication with elected officials to help them gauge their constituents' concerns.
Personal letters get the most weight, but they are hardest to generate. Postcards or petitions are less influential unless people send them in large quantities. It may be easier to collect 5000 postcards than 50 personal letters. Ideally, collect both.
Use the phone and fax also. Seek quantity rather than quality. Politicians are seldom moved by the merits of the position, but they may well be moved by the breadth of constituent interest.
Town hall meetings. Turn your supporters out to these meetings. Wear visible buttons or pins. Grab the mikes early and ask your questions. Be a visible force.
Media coverage. Issues covered by the media are believed to concern constituents. Have supporters write letters to the editor (the second most widely read section of the paper), seek editorial board endorsements, write guest editorials. Try to get media coverage of every event possible demonstrating public support for your issues. Media coverage gives the impression of broad support and educates potential supporters.
Accountability sessions. Ask the elected official to commit to your issue at a well-planned, large meeting between your supporters and the official. Invite the media and large segments of the community. These meetings are effective ways to demonstrate power and work especially well with flexible elected officials who won close election races.

"Government Failures are also the failures of Citizens. We have to take certain responsibilities out of the hands of incompetent and criminal people, and share these responsibilities among citizens."

April 15th is Representation Day: An annual national day of action to build power for the grassroots movement to fix America's corrupt political system. This year, Representation Day coincides with Democracy Spring and Democracy Awakening in Washington D.C.

Exploiting ignorant people, just so you can spread even more ignorance, and do it for money, now that’s just insane and also the kind of Psychopathic Behavior that is really damaging to society. It's also a direct threat to humanity. But hey that’s politics for you, and that’s also TV too. But simply changing the channel will not fix the problem, nor would simply voting for someone else change anything. You have to take Action. And the first action you take is to educate yourself so that you can have a clear understanding about the Choices that you must make, because no one is going to do it for you.


Won't Get Fooled Again (youtube)
We'll be fighting in the streets
With our children at our feet
And the morals when they worship will be gone
And the men who spurred us on
Sit in judgment of all wrong
They decide and the shotgun sings the song

I'll tip my hat to the new constitution
Take a bow for the new revolution
Smile and grin at the change all around
Pick up my guitar and play
Just like yesterday
Then I'll get on my knees and pray
We don't get fooled again

The change, it had to come
We knew it all along
We were liberated from the foe, that's all
And the world looks just the same
And history ain't changed
'Cause the banners, they'd all flown in the last war

I'll tip my hat to the new constitution
Take a bow for the new revolution
Smile and grin at the change all around
Pick up my guitar and play
Just like yesterday
Then I'll get on my knees and pray
We don't get fooled again
No, no!

I'll move myself and my family aside
If we happen to be left half alive
I'll get all my papers and smile at the sky
For I know that the hypnotized never lie
Do ya?

Yeaaaaaaaaaaaaaa!

There's nothing in the street
Looks any different to me
And the slogans are out-phased, by-the-bye
And the parting on the left
Is now parting on the right
And their beards have all grown longer overnight

I'll tip my hat to the new constitution
Take a bow for the new revolution
Smile and grin at the change all around
Pick up my guitar and play
Just like yesterday
Then I'll get on my knees and pray
We don't get fooled again
Don't get fooled again
No, no!

Yeaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaah!

Meet the new boss
Same as the old boss


Inspiration 101

People need to stop thinking that the government is some separate entity. The government resembles you, it reflects you. If we are stupid, then the government is stupid. If you don't give a sh*t, then the government don't give a sh*t. If you let money control your decisions, then the government will let money control their decisions too. You need to stop saying the government, and you need to start saying "the people and I", and if that contradicts what is happening, then you must act or you will be an accessory to a crime, a contributor of death and destruction, and a coconspirator of our demise. So it's time that we start clearing our names and start setting things right.




The Thinker Man