Sustainable Development - Shelters and Homes that Mimic Life
Homes should be Producers of Energy and Producers of Resources, and not just Consumers of Energy and Resources. Homes
should be Healthy, Produce of Food
Easily Maintained, Have its own Water, causes no Pollution, and is Self-Sustaining
We have the technology and the Knowledge
so let's use it..
Homes should not be Energy
Slaves, or be Rent Traps
or be a Source of Pollution
or a Contributor of Pollution.
No one should force other people to pay for your dependencies, like drug
do. People need to be aware of the relationships that
they are getting into, especially the relationships that we
have with material things such as our homes, whose
maintenance shouldn't have to cost more then the product itself
. You are
essentially buying debt
and poison, and you are forcing
future generations to have to pay for your debt and suffer
from your poison too, which is unfair, illogical and
Zero Energy Building
is a building
with zero net energy consumption, meaning the total amount
of energy used by the building on an annual basis is roughly equal to the
amount of renewable energy created on the site.Green
If the things you receive, or if the
things that are provided
, like a home, if that gift disconnects you from
reality and the true nature of things, then that is not a gift, that is a trap.
When your home needs services that pollute or damage the
environment, then you are slowly killing yourself in a trap
that someone else has set for you. But if you had a choice
to build a better home, I'm sure you would pick a home that
was more respectable to your life as well as respectable to
other lives and to future generations, while saving you
time, people, money and resources, what a sweet deal that
is.Builders of Highly Efficient Healthy Homes -
House Building Guidelines
Elements of Design
- DomesShe's a Brick
When you hear someone say that environmentally friendly energy
efficient homes cost to much, what they are really saying is
that they would rather, selfishly and narrow mindedly, pass on
the Cost and the Debt and the
Dependency on to someone else
rather then do what is right. Forcing future generations to suffer from
your ignorance is unfair and illogical and unjustifiable. These bad
decisions takes away future generations choice of freedom and
sustainability. This criminal and ignorant activity needs to stop. "Do it
Right the First Time" needs to be the slogan of all developers.
According to the Idaho Forest
a typical 2000 square foot house requires 26,700 board feet.
An "average" tree with a 20 inch diameter and 42 linear feet of
usable wood generates approximately 260 board feet.
Doing the math indicates about 102
for that house.
Other organizations in the lumber industry state different
numbers, some as low as 30 trees for a 1500 square foot
house while some state 60 trees for a 2000 square foot house. So
if everyone who uses trees to build houses plants enough trees
to build 2 houses we can slow down the
is the more Superior Plant when
compared to Trees
A human being is part of the whole, called by us
a part limited in time and space. He experiences
and feelings as something
from the rest - a kind of
. This delusion is a kind of prison for
us, restricting us to our
affection for a few
persons nearest to us
Our task must be to free ourselves from this
widening our circle of
and the whole [of] nature in its beauty.
A closed system that can thrive independently
Supply TypesGreen Living Tips
- What every Human Needs
All countries should be
and capable of
so they can survive on their own without
being dependent on other countries. Only trade what they can and only take
in what they need because they cannot produce it themselves. This of
course could only happen when a good education is available for every
citizen. Direct Democracy
the full right and power of a governing body to
govern itself without any interference from outside sources or
bodies. People Power
the capacity of a rational individual to make an
decision. Immunity from arbitrary exercise of
is the moral stance, political philosophy,
ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the
individual. Individualists promote the exercise of one's goals and desires
and so value independence and self-reliance and advocate that interests of
achieve precedence over the state or a social group, while opposing
external interference upon one's own interests by society or institutions
such as the government. Individualism is often defined in contrast to
totalitarianism, collectivism and more corporate social forms.
is the requirement that causal accounts
of social phenomena explain how they result from the motivations and
actions of individual agents, at least in principle.
Natural and Legal Rights
are two types of rights.
are those bestowed onto a
person by a given legal system (i.e., rights that can be
modified, repealed, and restrained by human laws).
are those that are
not dependent on the laws, customs, or beliefs of any particular
culture or government, and therefore universal and inalienable
(i.e., rights that cannot be repealed or restrained by human
is when people or a group are able to
exercise all of the necessary functions of power without intervention from
any authority which they cannot themselves alter.
is a system
that is self-sustaining
self-sufficient). Can maintain itself
by independent effort. The system self-sustainability is the degree at
which the system can sustain itself without external support, the fraction
of time in which the system is self-sustaining. Self-sustainability is
considered one of the "ilities" and is closely related to sustainability
List of System Quality Attributes
within systems engineering, quality
attributes are realized non-functional requirements used to evaluate the
performance of a system. These are sometimes named "ilities" after the
suffix many of the words share. They are usually Architecturally
Significant Requirements that require architects' attention.
is to cause to continue or prevail. Causing
itself to continue to exist.
is when an organization monitors its own adherence to
legal, ethical, or safety standards
, rather than have an outside,
independent agency such as a third party entity monitor and enforce those
is an organization that is decentralized or distributed over all the
components of the system. As such, the organization is typically robust
and able to survive and, even, self-repair substantial damage or
Sovereign Citizen Movement
is when self-described sovereign citizens
take the position that they are answerable only to their particular
interpretation of the common law and are not subject to any government
statutes or proceedings. They do not
recognize United States currency,
and maintain that they are "free of any legal constraints." They
especially reject most forms of taxation as illegitimate. Participants in
the movement argue this concept in opposition to "federal citizens," who,
they say, have unknowingly forfeited their rights by accepting some aspect
of federal law. The doctrines of the movement are similar to those of the
freemen on the land movement more commonly found in Britain and Canada.
Etienne de La Boetie
occurs when outputs of a system are routed back as inputs as
part of a chain of cause-and-effect
that forms a circuit or loop. The
system can then be said to feed back into itself. The notion of
cause-and-effect has to be handled carefully when applied to feedback
systems. Is Feedback another word for
? But you still have to define what you're learning.
is the state of not requiring any aid,
support, or interaction, for survival; it is therefore a type of personal
or collective autonomy. On a national scale, a totally self-sufficient
economy that does not trade with the outside world is called an autarky.
the need for each individual to avoid
and false consistency,
and follow their own instincts and ideas.
the extent or strength of one's belief in one's own ability to complete
tasks and reach goals
states that nations, based on respect for the
principle of equal
and fair equality of opportunity, have the right to
freely choose their sovereignty and international political
status with no interference.
are techniques that a person may use in order to sustain life in any type
of environment. These techniques are meant to provide basic necessities
for human life which include water, food, and shelter. The skills also
support proper knowledge and interactions with animals and plants to
promote the sustaining of life over a period of time. Survival skills are
often basic ideas and abilities that ancients invented and used themselves
for thousands of years. Outdoor activities such as hiking, backpacking,
horseback riding, fishing, and hunting all require
basic wilderness survival skills
, especially in handling emergency
and primitive living are most often self-implemented, but
require many of the same skills.
mutual reliance between two or more
. In relationships, interdependence is the degree to which
members of the group are mutually dependent on the others. This
concept differs from a dependent relationship, where some
members are dependent and some are not. Independencies is
freedom from control
or influence of
another or others.
is based on collaborative self-management,
ownership of resources
, and the production of use-values through the free
cooperation of producers who have access to distributed capital.
is any necessary human
which is under individual control, deliberate and
covers activities that improve awareness and
, develop talents and potential, build human capital and
facilitate employability, enhance quality of life and contribute to the
realization of dreams and aspirations.
is a form of organizational
management based on self-directed work processes on the part of an
is a system of organizational governance in which
authority and decision-making are distributed throughout a holarchy of
self-organizing teams rather than being vested in a
is a system of governance using consent decision
making and an organizational structure based on cybernetic principles (a
system with closed feedback mechanisms). Sociocracy has
been advocated as a management system that distributes leadership and
power throughout the organization. It is currently used by public,
private, non-profit, and community organizations and associations.
Sociocratic governance and management is taught in college and university
courses in business, political science, history, and sociology.
is a concept within a field of
international development. It involves studies of the human condition with
its core being the capability approach. The inequality adjusted Human
Development Index is used as a way of measuring actual progress in human
development by the United Nations. It is an alternative approach to a
single focus on economic growth, and focused more on social justice, as a
way of understanding progress
refers to their "means of securing the basic
necessities -food, water, shelter and clothing- of life". Livelihood is
defined as a set of activities, involving securing water, food, fodder,
medicine, shelter, clothing and the capacity to acquire above necessities
working either individually or as a group by using endowments (both human
and material) for meeting the requirements of the self and his/her
household on a sustainable basis with dignity. The activities are usually
carried out repeatedly
is a non-monetary economy which relies
on natural resources to provide for basic needs, through hunting,
gathering, and subsistence agriculture. "Subsistence" means supporting
oneself at a minimum level; in a subsistence economy, economic surplus is
minimal and only used to trade for basic goods, and there is no
is self-sufficiency farming in which
the farmers focus on growing
to feed themselves and their families. The output is
mostly for local requirements with little or no surplus for trade. The
typical subsistence farm has a range of crops and animals needed by the
family to feed and clothe themselves during the year.
is being free from external control and
constraint. Not controlled by outside forces.
is a condition of a nation, country, or state
in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof,
usually sovereignty, over the territory. The opposite of
independence is a dependent territory. Independence does not
necessarily mean freedom
is the power to act or
speak or think without externally imposed restraints.
is the action or fact
of maintaining or supporting oneself using minimal resources for
is to support
is having the requisite
qualities or resources to meet a task. Sufficient for the
is the quality of being
determined to do or achieve
. An anticipated
that is intended or that
Making a Difference
Knitting for Beginners
Local Living Economy Closed Loop Production
is freedoms highest level."
Independent, not Dependent:
You don't want people to be dependent or
, you want people to be independent, free to
choose, free to explore, free to learn. Yes we will always have
people who will need help and will have to be
on other people to live, but it will not be
because they're ignorant, it will be because they have no choice because
of a disability, or because of where they live, where they can't fulfill
all their needs because of the land or that they live in city with few
options. This is why you have to be intelligent when building your cities.
Just look at history. You find these ancient cities that have been
abandoned, why? Independency can only come from knowledge, so education
needs to improve.
is the mutual reliance between two or more
groups. This concept differs from the reliance in a dependent
relationship, where some members are dependent and some are not. There can
be various degrees of interdependence.
Back is Going Forward, we have unintentionally over complicated
our lives, it's time to go back and simplify."
Mobile Cities -
51.2 million people
around the world live as refugees and are living
under forced displacement,
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Home Building Resources
Design Guides for Building Homes
Green Building Resources
refers to both a structure and the
using of processes that are environmentally responsible and
resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle: from siting to
design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and
demolition. In other words, green building design involves finding the
balance between homebuilding and the sustainable environment
requires close cooperation of the design team, the architects, the
engineers, and the client at all project stages. The Green Building
practice expands and complements the classical building design concerns of
economy, utility, durability, and comfort
is a building designed to be operated
independently from infrastructural support services such as the electric
power grid, gas grid, municipal water systems, sewage treatment systems,
storm drains, communication services, and in some cases, public roads.
Advocates of autonomous building describe advantages that include reduced
environmental impacts, increased security, and lower costs of ownership.
Some cited advantages satisfy tenets of green building, not independence
per se (see below). Off-grid buildings often rely very little on civil
services and are therefore safer and more comfortable during civil
disaster or military attacks. (Off-grid buildings would not lose power or
water if public supplies were compromised for some reason.)
Zero Energy Building
is a building with zero net energy
consumption, meaning the total amount of energy used by the building on an
annual basis is roughly equal to the amount of renewable energy created on
the site, or in other definitions by renewable energy sources elsewhere.
These buildings consequently contribute less overall greenhouse gas to the
atmosphere than similar non-ZNE buildings. They do at times consume
non-renewable energy and produce greenhouse gases, but at other times
reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas production elsewhere by the
Energy Plus House
produces more energy from renewable
energy sources, over the course of a year, than it imports from external
sources. This is achieved using a combination of
low-energy building techniques, such as:
passive solar building design
, insulation and careful site selection
and placement. A reduction of modern conveniences can also contribute to
energy savings, however many energy-plus houses are almost
indistinguishable from a traditional home, preferring instead to use
highly energy-efficient appliances, fixtures, etc., throughout the house.
is the application of one or more
of environmental science, green chemistry, environmental monitoring and
electronic devices to monitor, model and conserve the natural environment
and resources, and to curb the negative impacts of human involvement. The
term is also used to describe sustainable energy generation technologies
such as photovoltaics
is the core of
environmental technologies. The term environmental technologies is also
used to describe a class of electronic devices that can promote
sustainable management of resources.
Living Building Challenge
is an international sustainable
building certification program created in 2006 by the non-profit
International Living Future Institute.
involves a range of building systems and materials that place
major emphasis on sustainability. Ways of achieving sustainability through
natural building focus on durability and the use of minimally processed,
plentiful or renewable resources, as well as those that, while recycled or
salvaged, produce healthy living environments and maintain indoor air
quality. Natural building tends to rely on human labor, more than
technology. As Michael G. Smith observes, it depends on "local ecology,
geology and climate; on the character of the particular building site, and
on the needs and personalities of the builders and users." The basis of
natural building is the need to lessen the environmental impact of
buildings and other supporting systems, without sacrificing comfort or
health. To be more sustainable, natural building uses primarily abundantly
available, renewable, reused or recycled materials. The use of rapidly
renewable materials is increasingly a focus. In addition to relying on
natural building materials, the emphasis on the architectural design is
heightened. The orientation of a building, the utilization of local
climate and site conditions, the emphasis on natural ventilation through
design, fundamentally lessen operational costs and positively impact the
environmental. Building compactly and minimizing the ecological footprint
is common, as are on-site handling of energy acquisition, on-site water
capture, alternate sewage treatment and water reuse.
is any material which is used for
construction purposes. Many naturally occurring substances, such as clay,
rocks, sand, and wood, even twigs and leaves, have been used to construct
buildings. Apart from naturally occurring materials, many man-made
products are in use, some more and some less synthetic. The manufacture of
building materials is an established industry in many countries and the
use of these materials is typically segmented into specific specialty
trades, such as carpentry, insulation, plumbing, and roofing work. They
provide the make-up of habitats and structures including homes.
Biocidal Natural Building Material
is a natural building
material which has biocidal properties. The biocidal properties of
biocidal natural building materials are inherent to the material, rather
than being supplemented afterwards. This makes that the material is long
lasting and inexpensive, as no additional processing needs to be done.
is a chemical substance
microorganism intended to destroy, deter, render harmless, or exert a
controlling effect on any harmful organism by chemical or biological
Sick Building Syndrome
is a phenomenon affecting building
occupants who claim to experience acute health and comfort effects that
appear to be linked to time spent in a building, but where no specific
illness or cause can be identified.
Living Building Challenge
is an international sustainable
building certification program created in 2006 by the non-profit
International Living Future Institute. It is described by the Institute as
a philosophy, advocacy tool and certification program that promotes the
most advanced measurement of sustainability in the built environment. It
can be applied to development at all scales, from buildings – both new
construction and renovation - to infrastructure, landscapes, neighborhoods
and communities and is more rigorous than green certification schemes such
as LEED or BREEAM.
Urban Green Council
Green Building Program
Dice House from Sybarite
Pixel Studio 505
Living Future Institute
Living Building Certification
City Development and Management
Futuristic City Designers
Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability
Why Great Architecture should tell a story
(video and text)
The Venus Project
Futuristic Building Designs
The Sustainable City
NASA Sustainability Base
Form and Function
Make it Right
Green Movement India
is an emerging movement that
stresses practices and initiatives in transport, construction, law and
Green Movement Sri Lanka
is a consortium of 147
non-governmental organizations with a common goal of increasing
environmental awareness and furthering conservation efforts in Sri Lanka.
The movement provides environmental education resources, and also uses
legal avenues and political pressure tactics such as lobbying to achieve
their aims. Another aim is sustainable development.
Green Building Supply
The Natural Builders
BPC Green Builders
construction and renovation of Energy Efficiency and Healthy.
Green Building Trade Show
Smart Growth America
Green City Blue
Urban Sustainability Network
Green Building Design Course
Green America Today
Green Ideas and Movements
Glow in the Dark
Roads and Sidewalks
Pothole Filling Machine
Erik Schlangen: Self Healing Asphalt
Pollution Absorbing Buildings
Uncompromising Ecological Architecture
Off the Grid Desert Living
Green Building Focus
Eco City Builders
Green Your Home
Building With Awareness
Building Green TV
Jets on Green
Nat. Assoc. Home Builders
Our Green Directory
The Living City
Live Green Live Smart
Black & Veatch
Green: Are we filtering the wrong microbes?
Eco Biz Locator
Eco Business Links
Clean Business Technology
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
Science Knowledge Base
Wood Innovation and Design Centre
Earthen Architecture Art
is a building material made from earth and often
organic material. Most adobe buildings are similar to cob and rammed earth
buildings. Adobe is among the earliest building materials, and is used
throughout the world.
is a natural building material made from
subsoil, water, some kind of fibrous organic material (typically straw),
and sometimes lime. The contents of subsoil naturally vary, and if it does
not contain the right mixture it can be modified with sand or clay. Cob is
fireproof, resistant to seismic activity, and inexpensive. It can be used
to create artistic, sculptural forms, and its use has been revived in
recent years by the natural building and sustainability movements.
DIY home from Earth and Straw
Building with Sand, Straw and Clay
is a technique for building walls,
foundations, and floors using natural raw materials such as earth, chalk,
lime or gravel.
is made primarily from damp soil compressed at high
pressure to form blocks.
Build your own Earth Ship
Thatched Mud Hut
Straw Bale Homes
Straw Bale Guide Book
Building Straw Houses
Hobbit House Built in just 4 Months
- Mobile Shelters
Icelandic Turf House
Radiant Floor Heating
Warm Your Floors
Bricks - Building Blocks
used to make walls, pavements and
other elements in masonry
How to Make an Adobe Brick
Lego Bricks House
Engineering Stone WorkBuilding
The Hemp Builder
uses microorganisms to grow
biocement™ based construction materials.
Autoclaved Aerated Concrete
is a lightweight, precast, Foam concrete
building material invented in the mid-1920s that simultaneously provides
structure, insulation, and fire- and mold-resistance. AAC products include
blocks, wall panels, floor and roof panels, cladding (facade) panels and
clay block walling system.
The Last StrawWomen of Green
also known as a pressed earth block or a
compressed soil block, is a building material made primarily from damp
soil compressed at high pressure to form blocks. Compressed earth blocks
use a mechanical press to form blocks out of an appropriate mix of fairly
dry inorganic subsoil, non-expansive clay and aggregate. If the blocks are
stabilized with a chemical binder such as Portland cement they are called
compressed stabilized earth block (CSEB) or stabilized earth block (SEB).
Typically, around 3,000 psi (21 MPa) is applied in compression, and the
original soil volume is reduced by about half.
is a brick, made of a mixture of loam, mud, sand and water mixed with a
binding material such as rice husks or straw. In warm regions with very
little timber available to fuel a kiln, bricks were generally sun dried.
In some cases brickmakers extended the life of mud bricks by putting fired
bricks on top or covering them with stucco.
Compressed Stabilized Earth Block
Compressed Earth Blocks
Earth Bag Structures
Ultra Ever Dry
Castle Holds Up A Car! - Mechanically Stabilized Earth
frictional material, Internal Friction, Frictional Force
Sliding Plane failure plane,
Angle of Repose
Confining pressure, Overburden Pressure
, also called lithostatic pressure, confining pressure or vertical stress, is the
pressure or stress imposed on a layer of soil or rock by the weight of
Mechanically Stabilized Earth
is soil constructed with
artificial reinforcing. It can be used for retaining walls, bridge
abutments, seawalls, and dikes. Although the basic principles of MSE have
been used throughout history, MSE was developed in its current form in the
1960s. The reinforcing elements used can vary but include steel and
geosynthetics. MSE is the term usually used in the USA to distinguish it
from the name "Reinforced Earth", a trade name of the Reinforced Earth
Company, but elsewhere Reinforced Soil is the generally accepted term.
fits into two
and can be
sent anywhere in the world, hence the name.
goes in at one end, is processed into liquid
concrete, and eventually comes out the other side as brand new
concrete building blocks. These are designed so that you simply
need to stack them. Just like
Mobile 3D Printer Creates Residential House in 24 Hours.
Compressed Earth Block Machine
(youtube)Factory Built Homes
Build an Igloo Inuit style
Concrete Forms reinforced with steel
which is a steel bar or mesh of steel wires used as a tension device in
reinforced concrete and reinforced masonry structures to strengthen and
hold the concrete in compression. Rebar's surface is often patterned to
form a better bond with the concrete.
Building Blocks of Life
The Natural Home
is a binder, a substance used in construction that
sets and hardens and can bind other materials together. The most important
types of cement are used as a component in the production of mortar in
masonry, and of concrete, which is a combination of cement and an
aggregate to form a strong building material.
is any material or substance that holds or draws
other materials together to form a cohesive whole mechanically,
chemically, or as an
which is any substance applied to one surface, or both surfaces, of two
separate items that binds them together and resists their separation.
is the acceleration of a photoreaction in the presence
of a catalyst. In catalysed photolysis, light is absorbed by an adsorbed
is coarse particulate material used in construction,
including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, recycled concrete and
is a composite material composed of coarse
aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement that hardens over time. Most
concretes used are lime-based concretes such as
Portland cement concrete
or concretes made with other hydraulic
cements, such as ciment fondu. However, asphalt concrete, which is
frequently used for road surfaces, is also a type of concrete, where the
cement material is bitumen, and polymer concretes are sometimes used where
the cementing material is a polymer.
is a material made from two or more constituent
materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties
that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different
from the individual components.
is a workable paste used to bind building blocks such
as stones, bricks, and concrete masonry units together, fill and seal the
irregular gaps between them, and sometimes add decorative colors or
patterns in masonry walls. In its broadest sense mortar includes pitch,
asphalt, and soft mud or clay, such as used between mud bricks.
is a type of mortar composed of lime and an aggregate such as
sand, mixed with water. It is one of the oldest known types of mortar,
dating back to the 4th century BC and widely used in Ancient Rome and
Greece, when it largely replaced the clay and gypsum mortars common to
Ancient Egyptian construction.
Recycled Glass Aggregate
Embed Glass in Concrete Countertops
microsilica, is an
(non-crystalline) polymorph of silicon dioxide, silica. It
is an ultrafine powder collected as a by-product of the silicon and
ferrosilicon alloy production and consists of spherical particles with an
average particle diameter of 150 nm. The main field of application is as
pozzolanic material for high performance concrete.
are a broad class of siliceous or siliceous and
aluminous materials which, in themselves, possess little or no
cementitious value but which will, in finely divided form and in the
presence of water, react chemically with calcium hydroxide at ordinary
temperature to form compounds possessing cementitious properties. The
quantification of the capacity of a pozzolan to react with calcium
hydroxide and water is given by measuring its pozzolanic activity.
Pozzolana are naturally-occurring pozzolans of volcanic origin.
Carbon Negative Cement
Marius Jonkers - Self-Healing Concrete
containing bacteria (youtube)
European Inventor Award
Concrete ResurfacingPlastic Roads
is an architectural element that resembles the hollow upper half
of a sphere.
Are Dome Homes safer and more durable in
and tornado prone areas?Dome Home
is a hemispherical thin-shell structure (lattice-shell)
based on a network of geodesics (great circles) on the surface of a sphere
or a hemisphere. The geodesics intersect to form triangular elements,
which have local, triangular rigidity, and so distribute the structural
stress throughout the geodesic sphere.
built from 21 hexagons
Home Building Kits
type of curved surface forming a vaulted structure. Can be built without
any support or shuttering. The earth bricks are laid leaning at a slight
slope against the gable walls in a length-wise vault, vaults rely only on
locally available resources–earth, rocks, and water–they are both
ecologically and economically sustainable.
Nubian Vault Association (AVN)
is the residential extension of building
automation and involves the control and automation of lighting, heating
(such as smart
), ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC), and security, as
well as home appliances such as washer/dryers, ovens or
refrigerators/freezers that use WiFi for remote monitoring. Modern systems
generally consist of switches and sensors connected to a central hub
sometimes called a "gateway" from which the system is controlled with a
user interface that is interacted either with a wall-mounted terminal,
mobile phone software, tablet computer or a web interface, often but not
always via internet cloud services.
is the automatic centralized control of
a building's heating, ventilation and air conditioning, lighting and other
systems through a building management system or building automation system
(BAS). The objectives of building automation are improved occupant
comfort, efficient operation of building systems, and reduction in energy
consumption and operating costs, and improved life cycle of utilities.
Convert nearly any audio device to wireless with this compact
The Internet of Things
How to Build Green
Jessica Green: Good Germs Healthy Buildings
ORNL Roof and Attic Design proves efficient in Summer and Winter
are as efficient as
Green Roofs Knowledge Resource
Carlo Ratti: Architecture that Senses
"A lot of people live in their own little world because they don't have
the right information and knowledge to see beyond the bubble
that they live in, thus they are vulnerable to threats and are
unable to respond accordingly to these threats. Threats that
come from the environment and from other people."
"In order for humans to enjoy the freedoms of being human in the
physical world, and function with freedom of choice, humans must learn to
do certain life preserving functions 'manually'. This is just a small
inconvenience for freedom. We are still in control but we are also
responsible for our negative effects."
"I see an incredible future for this planet and all its species,
that's if information and knowledge is properly shared.
Humans have incredible abilities, as you can see from our
technological advances. And one of our most incredible abilities,
is our ability to communicate, which could reverse the damage we
have done to ourselves and the planet. But as it is right now our communication system is dysfunctional
and corrupted. If we don't fix this we will continue to decimate this planet
and all of its species to the point of mass extinction. And even
if some of us do manage to survive it will be in a world that is
Communicating information and knowledge that people desperately
need has to be top priority. I know this will work because we have documented proof that it
does work. Any place where you have a more informed and educated
people is a place of prosperity. Not to say that this process will be without problems or
difficulties, but as long as it's done right and keeps going, it
will fix these problems and difficulties that we will face along the way."
Tools - Machinery
Factor e Farm
is a socio-technical experiment. It
aims to take what civilization has learned about what it means to thrive,
and determine whether it is feasible to use abundant local resources to
create industrial civilization, up to semiconductor and metal production.
Global Village Construction Set
is a modular, DIY, low-cost,
high-performance platform that enables fabrication of the
50 different Industrial Machines
takes to build a small, sustainable civilization with modern comforts.
Hiring Farmers who have Farming
Advanced Farm Tools
Renting Farm Equipment
refers to heavy-duty vehicles, specially designed for
executing construction tasks, most frequently ones involving earthwork
operations. They are also known as heavy machines, heavy trucks,
construction equipment, engineering equipment, heavy vehicles, or heavy
hydraulics. They usually comprise five equipment systems: implement,
traction, structure, power train, control and information. Heavy equipment
functions through the mechanical advantage of a simple machine, the ratio
between input force applied and force exerted is multiplied. Some
equipment uses hydraulic drives as a primary source of motion.
New Holland Methane Power Tractor
Methane-Run T6s a six-cylinder vehicle, which uses
only a slightly modified engine to the diesel version
and the same drive train, is expected to save on fuel
costs by as much as 20 to 40 per cent. Is a six-cylinder vehicle, which uses
only a slightly modified engine to the diesel version
and the same drive train, is expected to save on fuel
costs by as much as 20 to 40 per cent.
Prototype produces 80 percent less pollution than a
standard diesel tractor and would help fulfill future EU
greenhouse gas targets, which are expected to require a
20 percent reduction across Europe by 2020. The tractor
carries nine tanks totaling 300 litresf compressed
methane, and has the capacity to carry extra gas tanks of compressed
methane, and has the capacity to carry extra gas tanks.
is an agricultural hand tool for
mowing grass or reaping crops. Cooking Tools
Lime Bast Rope
Video of making a rope from lime bast, the way it's been done for over a
thousand years in Norway.
Fix it Yourself Guide
List of Agricultural Machinery and Farm Equipment
is a mechanical device that is used to pull in (wind up) or let
out (wind out) or otherwise adjust the "tension" of a rope or wire rope
(also called "cable" or "wire cable"). In its simplest form it consists of
a spool and attached hand crank. In larger forms, winches stand at the
heart of machines as diverse as tow trucks, steam shovels and elevators.
The spool can also be called the winch drum. More elaborate designs have
gear assemblies and can be powered by electric, hydraulic, pneumatic or
internal combustion drives. Some may include a solenoid brake and/or a
mechanical brake or ratchet and pawl device that prevents it from
unwinding unless the pawl is retracted.
Films about Machines
APHroup Field equipment:Group Field equipment: Baselier 4fk310 rotary
ridgerssed for potato ridges as well as carrot rows
can be formedused for potato ridges as well as carrot rows
can be formed
Dewulf GKIIISE - 3-row trailed carrot harvester
Farmers in Japan planting rice with rice planting
Baling and loading small bales | David Brown 885 |
Kemper Ballenautomat Express BE 125
Scythe beats a Gas Powered Weed Wacker in Grass Cutting
Competition - South West Annual Scythe Festival - June
How The Russians
Clear The Ways From Snow
Beach Master Skid Steer Beach Cleaner Attachment | Eterra Attachments
Oxbo 9120 Raspberry Harvester
innovative, technologically demanding pipe tools and machines for
lavatory, climate-control, gas and environmental technology.
Meet The Jaw Crusher, A Machine That Can Turn Granite
Into Granite Dust
Giant Hole Saw in Front of the Lab
The Very Real Difference Between A Chinese-Made Bearing
And A German-Made One
Farm Equipment Auctions
Farm Land for Sale
How Train Tracks are laid - A seriously incredible machine
Rivtow Hercules is self loading, self dumping log barge
Seaspan 'Phoenix' log barge.
The Hercules weighs roughly 5,000 tons by itself and can
carry about 15,000 tons of logs, about the equivalent of
700 logging trucks. Water flowing into the tipping
tanks, ballast water is first transferred from the
starboard side to the port side tipping tanks.
How To Make The Mini Metal Foundry
Raw Craft with Anthony Bourdain - Episode 1: Borough Furnace
Primitive Technology: Forge Blower
The 2 Minute Coin Ring - In Real Time
Smelt Your Own Ring
Pioneer Axe, The Emerson Stevens Shop was the last axe
factory to operate in Oakland
Raw Craft with Anthony Bourdain - Episode Four:
Kramer master bladesmith, Bob Kramer crafts the perfect
kitchen knife from melted meteorite. (youtube)
is a factory that produces metal castings.
Metals are cast into shapes by melting them into a liquid, pouring the
metal in a mold, and removing the mold material or casting after the metal
has solidified as it cools.
is a form of extractive metallurgy; its
main use is to produce a base metal from its ore. This includes production
of silver, iron, copper and other base metals from their ores. Smelting
makes use of heat and a chemical reducing agent to decompose the ore,
driving off other elements as gases or slag and leaving just the metal
base behind. The reducing agent is commonly a source of carbon such as
coke, or in earlier times charcoal.
is a manufacturing process involving the shaping of
metal using localized compressive forces. The blows are delivered with a
hammer (often a power hammer) or a die. Forging is often classified
according to the temperature at which it is performed: cold forging (a
type of cold working), warm forging, or hot forging (a type of hot
is a manufacturing process in which a liquid
material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of
the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify. The solidified part is
also known as a casting, which is ejected or broken out of the mold to
complete the process. Casting materials are usually metals or various cold
setting materials that cure after mixing two or more components together;
examples are epoxy, concrete, plaster and clay. Casting is most often used
for making complex shapes that would be otherwise difficult or
uneconomical to make by other method.
means a process, in which
liquid metal is poured into a mold, that contains a hollow cavity of the
desired shape, and then allowed to cool and solidify. The solidified part
is also known as a casting, which is ejected or broken out of the mold to
complete the process. Casting is most often used for making complex shapes
that would be difficult or uneconomical to make by other methodsMolding
chemical element with symbol Fe (from Latin: ferrum) and atomic number 26.
It is a metal in the first transition series. It is by mass the most
common element on Earth, forming much of Earth's outer and inner core. It
is the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust.
is an alloy of iron and other elements,
primarily carbon, that is widely used in construction and other
applications because of its high tensile strength and low cost. Steel's
base metal is iron, which is able to take on two crystalline forms
(allotropic forms), body centered cubic (BCC) and face centered cubic
(FCC), depending on its temperature.
the glass-like by-product left over after a desired metal has been
separated (i.e., smelted) from its raw ore. Slag is usually a mixture of
metal oxides and silicon dioxide. However, slags can contain metal
sulfides and elemental metals.
is a metal-smith who creates objects from
wrought iron or steel by forging the metal, using tools to hammer, bend,
and cut (cf. whitesmith). Blacksmiths produce objects such as gates,
grilles, railings, light fixtures, furniture, sculpture, tools,
agricultural implements, decorative and religious items and cooking
is the process of working with metals to create individual parts,
assemblies, or large-scale structures. The term covers a wide range of
work from large ships and bridges to precise engine parts and delicate
jewelry. It therefore includes a correspondingly wide range of skills,
processes, and tools.
a block with a hard surface on which another object is struck. The block
is as massive as it is practical, because the higher the inertia of the
anvil, the more efficiently it causes the energy of the striking tool to
be transferred to the work piece. On a quality anvil the smith's hammer
should rebound with almost as much energy as the smith puts into the
downward stroke, ultimately making the smith's job easier and less
physically strenuous. In most cases the anvil is used as a forging tool.
Before the advent of modern welding technology, it was a primary tool of
is a domain of materials science
that studies the physical and
of metallic elements,
their intermetallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called
in metallurgy and materials science, is a
heat treatment that alters the physical and sometimes chemical properties
of a material to increase its ductility and reduce its hardness, making it
more workable. It involves heating a material to above its
recrystallization temperature, maintaining a suitable temperature, and
is a process of heat treating, which is
used to increase the toughness of iron-based alloys. Tempering is usually
performed after hardening, to reduce some of the excess hardness, and is
done by heating the metal to some temperature below the critical point for
a certain period of time, then allowing it to cool in still air. The exact
temperature determines the amount of hardness removed, and depends on both
the specific composition of the alloy and on the desired properties in the
finished product. For instance, very hard tools are often tempered at low
temperatures, while springs are tempered to much higher temperatures.
is a group of industrial and
metalworking processes used to alter the physical, and sometimes chemical,
properties of a material. The most common application is metallurgical.
Heat treatments are also used in the manufacture of many other materials,
such as glass. Heat treatment involves the use of heating or chilling,
normally to extreme temperatures, to achieve a desired result such as
hardening or softening of a material. Heat treatment techniques include
annealing, case hardening, precipitation strengthening, tempering,
normalizing and quenching.
is the rapid cooling of a workpiece
to obtain certain material properties. A type of heat treating, quenching
prevents undesired low-temperature processes, such as phase
transformations, from occurring. It does this by reducing the window of
time during which these undesired reactions are both thermodynamically
favorable, and kinetically accessible; for instance, quenching can reduce
the crystal grain size of both metallic and plastic materials, increasing
is a metallurgical and metalworking
process used to increase the hardness of a metal. The hardness of a metal
is directly proportional to the uniaxial yield stress at the location of
the imposed strain. A harder metal will have a higher resistance to
plastic deformation than a less hard metal.
is an abrasive machining process that uses
a grinding wheel as the cutting tool. A wide variety of machines are used
for grinding: Hand-cranked knife-sharpening stones (grindstones). Handheld
power tools such as angle grinders and die grinders. Various kinds of
expensive industrial machine tools called grinding machines. Bench
grinders often found in residential garages and basements.
is a power tool used to smooth surfaces
by abrasion with sandpaper. Sanders have a means to attach the sandpaper
and a mechanism to move it rapidly contained within a housing with means
to hand-hold it or fix it to a workbench.
and buffing are finishing processes for
smoothing a workpiece's surface using an abrasive and a work wheel or a
leather strop. Technically polishing refers to processes that use an
abrasive that is glued to the work wheel, while buffing uses a loose
abrasive applied to the work wheel. Polishing is a more aggressive process
while buffing is less harsh, which leads to a smoother, brighter finish. A
common misconception is that a polished surface has a mirror bright
finish, however most mirror bright finishes are actually buffed.
Forging 3 Whittling Knives from Drill Bits
DIY Metal Casting Furnace
Cast Anything You Want In Aluminum Using Styrofoam
Pouring Molten Metals into Water. COOL! (Aluminum,
Thermite, Lead + More!
SAE Steel Grades
Steel bar, Round bar, Carbon steel, Alloy steel, Bearing
steel, Spring steel, Gear steel, Special steel,
Structural steel, Steel billet.
Next-Gen Steel under the Microscope
. Latest work could overcome the
hydrogen alloy embrittlement
that has led to catastrophic failures in
major engineering and building projects. is the process by which metals
such as steel become brittle and fracture due to the introduction and
subsequent diffusion of hydrogen into the metal. This is often a result of
accidental introduction of hydrogen during forming and finishing
(video aired: 06/16/2015 | 24 min.
Acclaimed filmmaker Morgan Spurlock captures the
struggles and triumphs of five modern artisans who vary
by trade but share a passion to create. Discover their
worlds and be inspired by this vibrant, honest
documentary. Commissioned by Häagen-Dazs.
How To Build A Primitive Drill Out Of Sticks, Stone And
(youtube) Cord Drill / Pump Drill
Weld components in flat, vertical, or overhead
Operate safety equipment and use safe work habits.
Lay out, position, align, and secure parts and
assemblies prior to assembly, using straightedges,
combination squares, calipers
Welding Procedure Specification
Examine workpieces for defects and measure workpieces
with straightedges or templates to ensure conformance
Recognize, set up, and operate hand and power tools
common to the welding trade, such as shielded metal arc
and gas metal arc welding equipment.
Weld separately or in combination, using aluminum,
stainless steel, cast iron, and other alloys.
Clamp, hold, tack-weld, heat-bend, grind, or bolt
component parts to obtain required configurations and
positions for welding.
Select and install torches, torch tips, filler rods, and
flux, according to welding chart specifications or types
and thicknesses of metals.
Ignite torches or start power supplies and strike arcs
by touching electrodes to metals being welded,
completing electrical circuits.
Connect and turn regulator valves to activate and adjust
gas flow and pressure so that desired flames are
is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually
metals or thermoplastics, by causing fusion, which is distinct from lower
temperature metal-joining techniques such as brazing and soldering, which
do not melt the base metal. In addition to melting the base metal, a
filler material is often added to the joint to form a pool of molten
material (the weld pool) that cools to form a joint that can be as strong,
or even stronger, than the base material. Pressure may also be used in
conjunction with heat, or by itself, to produce a weld.
or lit operator is a tradesperson who specializes in
fusing materials together. The term welder refers to the operator, the
machine is referred to as the welding power supply. The materials to be
joined can be metals (such as steel, aluminum, brass, stainless steel
etc.) or varieties of plastic or polymer. Welders typically have to have
good dexterity and attention to detail, as well as some technical
knowledge about the materials being joined and best practices in the
Welding Processes List
Welding Codes List
Gas Metal Arc Welding
Bondic Plastic Welder
How To Make A Clock In The Home Machine Shop - Part 16 -
Making The Motion Work And Hands
EROVR - A Transformable Dolly, Wagon, & Cart
Chicken Wire being made Motion Gif
impurities from, increase the concentration of, and separate through the
process of distillation.
is a process of separating the
component or substances from a liquid mixture by selective evaporation and
condensation. Distillation may result in essentially complete separation
(nearly pure components), or it may be a partial separation that increases
the concentration of selected components of the mixture. In either case
the process exploits differences in the volatility of the mixture's
components. In industrial chemistry
distillation is a unit operation of practically universal importance, but
it is a physical separation process and not a chemical reaction.
is the transition of a substance
directly from the solid to the gas phase without passing through the
intermediate liquid phase. Sublimation is an endothermic phase transition
that occurs at temperatures and pressures below a substance's triple point
in its phase diagram. The reverse process of sublimation is deposition or
desublimation, in which a substance passes directly from a gas to a solid
phase. Sublimation has also been used as a generic term to describe a
solid-to-gas transition (sublimation) followed by a gas-to-solid
How to Make a Homemade Distillery
Renewable Energy Plans
Sustainable Food Calculator
Green Innovation Ideas
City Development and Management
Low Impact Living
Environmentally Friendly Living
Toilets that are Earth Friendly
The Big 5
What Every Human Needs to Live a Happy, Sustainable, Healthy
and Productive Life without Abuse or Waste.
- Information Station Computer Menu
Skyscrapers made of Mud