is a low-maintenance sustainable plant-based food production and
agroforestry system based on woodland ecosystems, incorporating
fruit and nut trees, shrubs, herbs, vines and perennial
vegetables which have yields directly useful to humans. Making
use of companion planting, these can be intermixed to grow in a
succession of layers, to build a woodland habitat.
Edible Forest Gardens
Canopy (biology) is the aboveground portion of a plant community or crop, formed by the collection of individual plant crowns. In forest ecology, canopy also refers to the upper layer or habitat zone, formed by mature tree crowns and including other biological organisms (epiphytes, lianas, arboreal animals, etc.). Sometimes the term canopy is used to refer to the extent of the outer layer of leaves of an individual tree or group of trees. Shade trees normally have a dense canopy that blocks light from lower growing plants. Canopy structure is the organization or spatial arrangement (three-dimensional geometry) of a plant canopy. Leaf Area Index (LAI), leaf area per unit ground area, is a key measure used to understand and compare plant canopies. It is also taller than the understory layer. Canopy
Forest Ecology is the scientific study of the interrelated patterns, processes, flora, fauna and ecosystems in forests. The management of forests is known as forestry, silviculture, and forest management. A forest ecosystem is a natural woodland unit consisting of all plants, animals and micro-organisms (Biotic components) in that area functioning together with all of the non-living physical (abiotic) factors of the environment. The forest ecosystem is very important.
Silviculture is the practice of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests to meet diverse needs and values.
Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human and environment benefits.
Plants for a Future
Martin Crawford's 3 Dimensional Forest Garden (youtube 13 mins.)
300 Year Old Food Forest (youtube)
Forest Gardening Explained - Low Maintenance (youtube)
"Permaculture Trio" -- Forest Gardening, Edible Landscapes & Urban Permaculture with Robert Hart (youtube)
Shubhendu Sharma: How to Grow a Tiny Forest Anywhere (video)
Satoyama I Japans Secret Water Garden (youtube)
A Permaculture Food Forest (youtube)
Permaculture Principles at Work (youtube)
Natural World: Farm for the Future (youtube)
Permaculture - A Quiet Revolution (video)
How to grow a forest in your backyard: Shubhendu Sharma (video and interactive text)
Stratification (vegetation) Shrub Layer - Sub-Tree Layer - Tree Layer - Canopy Layer
Swaleny is a edible forest garden on a floating platform barge that is 110-foot by 30-foot. An Acre is 43,560 square feet.
Creating a Forest Garden: Working with Nature to Grow Edible Crops (Book on Amazon by Martin Crawford)
Permaculture is a system of agricultural and social design principles centered on simulating or directly utilizing the patterns and features observed in natural ecosystems. Permaculture was developed, and the term coined by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in 1978. It has many branches that include but are not limited to ecological design, ecological engineering, environmental design, construction and integrated water resources management that develops sustainable architecture, and regenerative and self-maintained habitat and agricultural systems modeled from natural ecosystems.
Polyculture is agriculture using multiple crops in the same space, in imitation of the diversity of natural ecosystems.
Seattle Builds Nations First Food Forest
Seeds of Permaculture
Permaculture Education Cente
Foraging Wild Foods
Moringa Oleifera young seed pods and leaves are used as vegetables. It can also be used for water purification and hand washing, and is sometimes used in herbal medicine. It is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree, native to the southern foothills of the Himalayas in northwestern India.
Fruit Tree is a tree which bears fruit that is consumed or used by humans and some animals — all trees that are flowering plants produce fruit, which are the ripened ovaries of flowers containing one or more seeds. In horticultural usage, the term 'fruit tree' is limited to those that provide fruit for human food. Types of fruits are described and defined elsewhere (see Fruit), but would include "fruit" in a culinary sense, as well as some nut-bearing trees, such as walnuts.
Fruit Tree Planting
Edible Plants List (wiki)
Occidental Art & Ecology
The Land Institute
Urban Forestry is the care and management of single trees and tree populations in urban settings for the purpose of improving the urban environment. Urban forestry advocates the role of trees as a critical part of the urban infrastructure. Urban foresters plant and maintain trees, support appropriate tree and forest preservation, conduct research and promote the many benefits trees provide. Urban forestry is practiced by municipal and commercial arborists, municipal and utility foresters, environmental policymakers, city planners, consultants, educators, researchers and community activists.
Plant Nursery is a place where plants are propagated and grown to usable size. They include retail nurseries which sell to the general public, wholesale nurseries which sell only to businesses such as other nurseries and to commercial gardeners, and private nurseries which supply the needs of institutions or private estates. Some retail and wholesale nurseries sell by mail. Nurseries may supply plants for gardens, for agriculture, for forestry and for conservation biology. Some nurseries specialize in one phase of the process: propagation, growing out, or retail sale; or in one type of plant: e.g., groundcovers, shade plants, or rock garden plants. Some produce bulk stock, whether seedlings or grafted, of particular varieties for purposes such as fruit trees for orchards, or timber trees for forestry. Some produce stock seasonally, ready in springtime for export to colder regions where propagation could not have been started so early, or to regions where seasonal pests prevent profitable growing early in the season.
Start a Plant Nursery Business
Start a Plant Nursery
How to Start a Profitable Backyard Plant Nursery
Walnut Tree Nursery (youtube)
Sawmill is a facility where logs are cut into lumber. Prior to the invention of the sawmill, boards were rived (split) and planed, or more often sawn by two men with a whipsaw, one above and another in a saw pit below.
Gristmill grinds grain into flour. The term can refer to both the grinding mechanism and the building that holds it. (Sorghum Mill).
Land and Water Management
Danny Woo International District Community Garden Seattle, Wash.
Emergent Layer (tropical rainforest)
Ornamental Food Scapes
RuBisCO is an enzyme involved in the first major step of carbon fixation, a process by which atmospheric carbon dioxide is converted by plants and other photosynthetic organisms to energy-rich molecules such as glucose. In chemical terms, it catalyzes the carboxylation of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate (also known as RuBP). It is probably the most abundant enzyme on Earth.
Architecture of the photosynthetic oxygen-evolving center
Photosynthetic Vesicle Architecture and Constraints on Efficient Energy Harvesting
Edible Landscapes (Growing Food instead of non-edible plants)
From Lawns to Edible Landscapes (youtube)
Edible Landscapes London
Pam Warhurst Edible Landscapes (video)