Letters / Words / Symbols /
Grammar / Sentences
IPA Conventions for English
are the Root of Language
Text Analysis Software
Semitic Root Function
Function Word Inflection
English Auxiliaries and Contractions
Alpha Numeric Combinations
List of Languages by Writing System
Logical Consequence Entailment
Short-and Long-Term Effects of a Novel on Connectivity in the
Subtext Contextual Analysis Articulate
Strategic Reading Media
Definitions Meaning Semantics
Disambiguation Terminology Operational
Not to confuse Metaphoric Symbols with
Morphology (linguistics) Portmanteau Agreement
Articulate: Expressing yourself easily or characterized by clear expressive
language. Put into words or an expression.
Express or state clearly.
Annotate: Provide interlinear
explanations for words or phrases. Add explanatory notes to or
supply with critical comments.
Written between lines of text.
Comparison: The act of
examining resemblances, similarities, differences and
significance. Seeing Similarities in Dissimilar
Social Comparison Theory
Moral of a
Double Entendre Synonyms
Figure of Speech Cliché Ersatz
Word Play Riddle Humor
Back and forth Method
Word in Context
Rebus Word Nerds
Figuratively or Literally Speaking?
defining something limit that something?
Code Talker Code-talker
Intelligence Book Types
Right Words using
Thesaurus and other Tools
A mental representation of the meaning or significance of
something. An explanation of something that is not immediately
A section of text; particularly a section of medium length. The
act of passing from one state or place to the next.
A statement that makes something comprehensible by describing
the relevant. Structure or operation or circumstances etc.
Thought that makes something comprehensible.
Fully apprehended as to purport or meaning or explanation. Know
and comprehend the nature or meaning of.
Make sense of a language.
Does Language and Vision work together to help you interpret
what you're seeing?
You have to be extremely careful how you use
And you also have to be even more careful how you
see labels and understand them. Though labels are convenient to
use, labels are not a full definition, or a full description of
the contents, whether a label refers to people, or material
objects. You have to see beyond just a few details, you have to
The words we use to describe things are just temporary labels.
In order to fully describe anything, so that it can be fully
understood, you need to use more then words and symbols. This is
because meaning is not just what you see on the surface. There
several layers of meaning beyond what you can see and
beyond what the label describes. So never see things as being
one dimensional. Because everyone knows that we live in a
dimensional world and that we are always discovering more and
more about the world, a world that goes way beyond what we see
We should identify individuals by their
and not label them with an
Affiliation. If a person wants to label themselves with
something that can not accurately define them as a person, then
they should be described as a unidentified
If a group of individuals commits a crime, then those
individuals must be apprehended and questioned. This is not
punishment, this is about learning from these particular
individuals, and finding out why this crime was committed so
that we can correct this misunderstanding and find ways to keep
these crimes from repeating in the future.
If a person or persons claims to represent a group, we cannot
use this label publicly when referring to these particular
criminals, because that would cause other people who are not
involved in the crime to be apprehended, questioned and
victimized, which would waste time, people and resources, and
not help find the actual criminals.
Labels like terrorist, extremist, fundamentalist, or any
religious name, are confusing and distracting. A
physical description of a person is the most effective means
finding a criminal. And if they have a
name that would also help.
A persons religion or affiliation does not explain who a person
is as an individual. A persons personal beliefs can not be
defined by a single name, or can an individual be defined by
personal name. The only way to know some one is to spend
time with them and learn, listen and understand the story of
their life, and the experiences that help shape them into
the person that they are today.
Everyone is born an individual,
and that is how we treat each other, as individuals.
Prejudice, Discrimination are all barriers. They
destroy the mind, they destroy communication, they destroy the
hearts and the the souls of all who are afflicted with these
There are currently around
1,009,614 words in the
English Language including thousands of obsolete words. The
average person knows an average of about 12,000 - 20,000 words
Vocabulary, which varies depending on their level of
education, their spoken language and environment.
Vocabulary Tests are flawed because they don't use the most
effective words we have.
What good is having a large vocabulary of words if the words are
obsolete or ineffective?
Most Common Words in English 200
The words in this Website will make up the rest of your
20,000 word vocabulary.
Use words that matter that are known to be
valuable and are know to increase your
Physical Health Words and
Create a Word Cloud
Everyone should learn a new word everyday. The ‘Word
of the Day’ will be used in 3 sentences.
sentence used will have more meaning then the word itself. The
sentences used will also have lessons involved so you are not
just learning the meaning of a word. You are learning why that
particular word is used, why that particular sentence needs that
word and learning what the sentence means as a whole, whether
it's a quote or passage from a book.
Information and Communication System
Vocabulary Tools (mouse over items and hear recorded
Literacy Rates misleading? Just because some one has been
Literate does not mean they have
Literacy rates only show how many people can read, it does not
say that people have read things that are valuable or important,
things that would make them educated and aware. if you don't
read the things that matter then knowing how to read doesn't
Concentrating on word sounds helps reading instruction and
40% OF WORLD'S CHILDREN
At least 250 million of the
world's 650 million primary school age children are unable to
read, write or do basic mathematics, almost 120 million have
spent little or no time in a classroom including 57 million
youngsters who are not attending school.
Language Cues and Effective Reading
Learn To Read
Learn to Read and Learn the Alphabet Online
Click n Kids
Learn to Read Software Review
to Read Reading
Global Learning Xprize
Five Practices Talk, Sing, Read, Write and Play
Mouse Years 2-6, 450 Lessons, 3,000 Learning
Activities, Virtual Field Trips and Games.
A connection between the text and something in your own
connection between the text and something that is
occurring or has occurred in the world.
National Reading Panel
Teach a Child Reading
Teach Your Child to Read
Your Baby Can Read
Succeed to Read
Everybody Wins NY
Read Write Think
International Reading Assoc.
Stages of Learning
Reading Light (amazon)
Online Tutoring Help
ABC of Reading (wiki)
English Course Videos (youtube) English
English Grammar Lessons
/ Symbols / Grammar /
Child Development Books
Online Books / E-Books
It was believed that the
fourth grade was when students stop learning to read and
started reading to learn.
Reading Shift Theory
Children who match sounds to letters earlier learn to
Hear” simply by touching a word or phrase, one can
listen to related information such as its pronunciation
or meaning. The gadget “whispers” the information into
the ear, thus enabling one to read on without having to
stop and check up the dictionary.
Human Interest Story Essay
Visual Literacy Flip
Michel de Montaigne
Literacy Literature Writing
What I Read Most:
What I Watch Most:
Daily Show with Jon Stewart
TV, News Papers and Magazines are mostly just Propaganda
Reading without comprehension is like eating food but still
being malnourished. You're not starving to death, but you're
also not able to live to your potential, or develop normally.
Yes you can read, but you can't fully understand what is
written, because the message goes beyond the words that are
written. It's not just the words, it's all the other things that
the original words do not express. You have to see the whole
picture. This is the one flaws of writing, the clarity and
meaning can not be confirmed when the writer is not there to
explain what is written. But now that writing is digital,
and connected, we can
link to more information when needed. So things can be
explained, giving more insight and better understanding. Reading
with links can help improve comprehension, but the goal is to be
able not to have to click on the links at all, meaning that you
know what that information is, and you can see beyond what is
written. I Comprehend.
Get the meaning of something. To become aware of
through the senses. Include in scope; include as part of
something broader; have as one's sphere or territory.
The message that is intended or expressed or signified. Rich in
significance or implication. Have in mind as a purpose.
High school students today are reading books
intended for children with reading levels around
5.3, which is barely above the fifth grade reading level. It's
criminal and abusive.
(wiki) How do you correctly measure
Measure and Assess
You have to make sure that your
reading comprehension is improving every year and make sure that
you are increasing your vocabulary as well.
Functional illiteracy may be adequate, but you still need to fully
understand what you are reading.
Reading for Memorization (fewer than 100 words per minute
wpm) - Reading for Learning (100–200 wpm)
Reading for Comprehension (200–400 wpm) - Skimming
average adult reads
Prose text (150 to 300 wpm) - Speaks (180 wpm)
- Hears (150–160 wpm)
"If you don't Remember, Comprehend or Learn what you read, then
your reading speed does not matter."
If you don't comprehend the things that matter then good
reading comprehension doesn't matter. So reading comprehension
tests must be about comprehending important information and
knowledge, otherwise good reading comprehension is almost
So the first reading comprehension tests should include the
actual skills that are needed for good comprehension.
You have to understand the definitions of words. But more
importantly, you have to understand the meaning of words when
they are used together with other words.
Words can be misleading, you have to pay attention and learn
how words can be used to deceive.
"Having good reading comprehension is
great, but if you never read anything important or valuable,
then it's almost useless."
You're not going to remember all the details of everything you
read, especially when you're not interested in the information
or interested in the subject. And you don't want to force
students to remember useless details just so they can pass a
test. You want students to comprehend what they read only when
it's important. Being able to
Pay Attention to details
is one thing, but knowing when to pay attention, and do it
effectively, is the most important aspect of reading
When you are Learning to Read,
should read things that are relevant and important about yourself and
the world around you.
My name is _______ and I am _____ years old. I am just learning
how to read. Knowing how to read is extremely important because
80 percent of the worlds most valuable knowledge and information
is in the text format, or the written word. And If I do not
learn to understand and comprehend what I am reading, then I
will not have access to the most valuable and the most important
information and knowledge that this world has to offer. Words
are not just for communicating with others, more importantly,
words are used to communicate with myself, so that I can learn
to understand my feelings, my thoughts, my knowledge, my
abilities and the world around me. Over the last 2 thousand
years, millions of people have
contributed to our incredible
wealth of knowledge, knowledge that has benefited my life and
other peoples lives in many different ways. So in return I will
add to this enormous resource of knowledge by learning and
seeking more valuable information and more knowledge. Knowledge
that can be shared that would help make improvements in our
world. This way I too can benefit people today and benefit
people in the future, the same way that I have benefited from
people who shared knowledge and information throughout human
history. I am very important to the
Student Promise to Learn:
I have the power to learn anything that I want to. But I first
have to acquire the necessary skills, knowledge and information
that would give me this
power to learn anything. Sometimes
learning certain things takes a long time. But the rewards of
learning will always give me endless potential with endless
Once I learn the necessary skills,
knowledge and information I
will have the ability understand everything about myself and
understand everything about the world around me.
Once I learn the necessary skills, knowledge and
will be able to
solve any problem in the world and be able to
fix and improve anything that I put my mind to.
Once I learn the necessary
skills, knowledge and information I
will be able to
learn from any mistake that I make, or learn
from any mistake that others will make. I will also be able to
handle any catastrophe, any struggle, any disaster or any
tragedy that I will experience in my life, all because I have
learned the necessary skills, knowledge and information.
Once I learn the necessary skills, knowledge and information, I
will be able to choose any career that I want, work any job that
I choose, and I will be able to follow any dream that I have.
The Power of Knowledge is a lot of work and a big
I promise that I will
never stop learning, or will I ever stop trying.
My goal is to become an
intelligent Human. I will always love
myself and I will always love others with compassion. I will
never forget that my life is incredibly special and very
important. My best is yet to come......Learning
things Simultaneously and in Order
This student pledge, mantra or saying
will be read once a week. This exercise will act as a reminder:
I have the power to learn anything
that I want to.
I have the ability to understand everything about myself, and
understand everything about the world around me.
I have the ability to
solve any problem in the world.
I also have the ability to
fix and improve anything that I put my mind to.
I have the ability to
learn from any mistake that I make,
and the ability to learn
from any mistake that others will make.
I am also able to
handle any catastrophe, any struggle, any disaster or any
tragedy that I will experience in my life, all because I have
learned the necessary
I have the ability to choose any career that I want, work any
job that I choose, and follow any dream that I have.
I promise that I will
never stop learning, or will I ever stop trying.
My goal is to become an
I will always love myself and I will always love others with
I will never forget that my life is incredibly special and very
important. My best is yet to come.
What Is the Difference in the Reading Assessment Between
Comprehension and Interpretation?
Only about 2,400 of the world's roughly
7,200 Languages and Dialects have writing systems.
Indo-European Language Family Tree
List of Languages by number of Native Speakers
Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages promotes the
documentation, maintenance, preservation, and revitalization of
endangered languages worldwide through linguist-aided,
community-driven multi-media language documentation projects.
Over 800 languages are spoken in
Papua New Guinea, a country of about six million people.
in Different Tongues: Languages and the Way We Think (youtube)
Why is the
Chinese Language so simple? Why
Latin so difficult?
Why is learning the
English Language better for Brain development?
List of Constructed Languages
Specific Language Impairment
Speech Language Pathology
Facebook Language Style Guides
Foundation Advanced technology to accelerate language
development of children 0-5
love the English Language (wordpress)
List of English-Based Pidgins (wiki)
(Word Smart) involves
sensitivity to spoken and written language, the ability to learn
languages, and the capacity to use language to accomplish
certain goals. Relating to the scientific study of language.
Linguistics Realization Linguistics Linguistic Analysis
as a Language
Learning a New Language Software for
Self Teaching /
Defense Language Aptitude Battery
One way to effectively learn a language
is using the
language in interaction with others. Use language for a
purpose and learn to use the language in context.
Communicate with a Non Native English Speaker (wikihow)
techniques to speak any language: Sid Efromovich at
Can knowing the corresponding
letters and symbols of another language help you learn a new
Esperanto (vocabulary, accent,
grammar, pronunciation, slang)
Benefits of Being Bilingual Does speaking
several languages lower your vocabulary?
Is your ability to communicate effectively hindered when not
speaking your native language?
Children and Language
Second Language Acquisition
Skill-Based Theories of Second Language Acquisition
"People with a significant amount of
can also have the ability to learn aspects of language more
Speaking Multiple Languages:
of Brain / Left Side of Brain
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL Score)
Secondary Level English Proficiency Test (SLEP Score)
Educational Testing Service
Programming Language as a Second Language
There are over a billion people who are currently learning a
man wakes from coma speaking fluent Mandarin but had completely
forgotten English (youtube)
Foreign Accent Syndrome (wiki)
It's nice to be able to
communicate in more then one language, but what's more important
is that you are an effective communicator. So just don't learn a
new language for conversation, learn a new language to increase
your effectiveness to communicate. Just don't teach a new
language, teach effective ways to communicate.
Medium of Instruction
Words to a
Human are like
Code to a
Computer. The more you have, the more you can do.
Lera Boroditsky: How Language Shapes Thought
The Power of Words
When you have
words with more then one
definitions with more then one word, it's hard sometimes to be
understood in the way you intended. Even people who speak the
same language they sometimes need a
So this is not just a
Foreign Language problem, this is also a
Communication problem. Meanings
Speak the word, and then the definition that you want to be heard.
Should we have a universal procedure for translation? Translation sometimes needs more then just a single translation.
First: I say something, then it's translated.
Second: Then the person receiving the translation needs
to confirm that what is being translated is understood.
Third: Then it may need to be translated back in the
words that this particular language uses to explain what is
Forth: Then I might have to use
different words to be translated. And this process continues
until a full understanding is accomplished.
Language Translation Tools
(google) Speak and Translate
12-Language Talking Translator (amazon)
Universal Translator (wiki)
Write in a language
that you’re learning and native speakers will correct your
Smartphone Translation Tools
Voice Translation App
Google Android Translation App
translates printed words from one
language to another with your smartphone's video camera, in real
time, no network
More Cellphone Apps
act of Communication is an act of
Speech and Language Pathology
Speech Communication Speech
Processing Oral Expression
Flash Animation Project: University of Iowa
Motor Learning and Control
One area of the brain
is for perceiving speech, and another area of the brain is for
Medium of instruction
Visual Processing Disorders
Stammering Lidcombe Program
Singing and Stuttering Speech takes both sides of the
Place of Articulation
How To Say
Tongue Twister Exercises
Rhetoric and Composition Parts of
Dynamic Information Processing
Measures in Audiovisual Speech Perception
Verbal Fluency Test Anticipatory Avoidance
Reticence in Speaking
Fran Capo is world's fastest talking
female clocked at 603.32 words in 54.2 seconds. That’s 11 words
to Talk Faster
Pressure of Speech
Broca's Area of the Brain
Nonverbal Communication Internal
Strategic Communication Interpersonal Communication
Types of Communication
Small Group Communication
Information Communications Technology (ICT)
Health Communication Crisis
Models of Communication
Communications Act of 1934
Telecommunications Policy Communications Protocol
International Communications Law
Outline of Communication
The Great Debaters
Evidence Based Argumentation Dialectic
EBA Developing Evidence Based Arguments
Public Speaking (youtube) Public
Collaboration Internet Forum
Chatham House Rule Hypnotic Language Binding Problem
Develop Good Communication Skills
Consolidated Appeals Process
Public Hearing Laws
Bipartisan Legislative Task Force
Eye Contact Amy
Cuddy: Body Language (youtube)
Read Body Language
Misleading Hand Gestures
Analyze People On Sight - FULL Audio Book - Human Analysis,
Psychology, Body Language (youtube)
How to Handshake (youtube)
How to Give a Proper Handshake
Body Language University
"Just because you're not speaking, doesn't mean that you are not saying anything."
"Words convey information; nonverbal communication adds meaning
to the information."
Levels of Communication:
Direct and Indirect
channels of Communication: Relationships
Skills You Need
Reflective Listening Questioning
conversational intent and inviting consent from one's
prospective conversation partner.
uninterrupted time for talking.
Have a Meaningful Conversation
Managing the flow of information back and
forth between partners in a conversation by alternating roles of
speaker and listener.
Don't talk to fill pauses, or respond to statements in a
Whole Body Listening
Judgment and evaluation until you can see things from
You Don't Know Everything
Avoid making distracting gestures and maintain an appropriate
distance and posture.
Eye Contact Eye
Make sincere eye contact.
When to Change the Subject
Haptic Communication (touch)
How to Tell if You Talk Too Much
Delayed Auditory Feedback
Knowing the right time to
Interrupt someone and knowing when to let someone else
interrupt you is very important. Genuinely seek
Articulate Offer Constructive
Feedback. Keep feedback impersonal and goal-oriented.
Negative Feedback toward behavior that the recipient can
control. Ask questions to ensure understanding of the feedback.
Avoid being emotional or attacking others.
Paraphrase the message
you heard, especially to clarify the speaker's intentions.
on specific behaviors rather than making general statements.
Learn to separate
Sounds and enjoy each one individually.
Thinking in Levels
Automated Conversation Coach
not have any preconceived notions on who we think each other is,
let us communicate openly, like friends do, and let us focus
more on our abilities, and not so much on our disabilities, or
Listening / Hearing
accurately when other People Speak
Try to quite your
Internal Monologue or inner voice so that you are truly
listening and not just waiting to speak. Keep
Listening. Give full
Attention and correctly hear
and understand someone's messages. Sometimes it's hard when someone's
talking and you have a question to ask, but you want to be
polite and wait until a person finishes speaking. And then you
have to decide if the question that you want to ask is
appropriate at this time? Because you first want to acknowledge
that you heard the person correctly before you ask questions
that might lead in a different direction. Sometimes hold your
questions for another time. Have a
Do not create resistance in
the listener. It's hard to listen to things that you don't
understand. But don't pretend that you understand the subject.
Tell the person that you're not sure that you understand them
completely, but you're definitely interested in what they're
Julian Treasure 5 ways to Listen Better (video)
Hear with intention. Pay close
attention to; give heed to. You
have to learn how to listen.
is a skill.
You can't hear
something that you have never learned how to listen for.
Being able to truly listen to someone takes
focus and knowing what to listen for, by knowing the person,
and by knowing the different ways that people use to
Know the Difference between
Perceive (sound) via the auditory sense.
Get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally. Listen and
Receive a communication from someone. Examine or hear (evidence
or a case) by judicial process.
Expresses enthusiastic agreement. (Discover, Learn, Notice,
"We listen to obtain
information. We listen to understand. We listen for enjoyment.
We listen to learn."
Limit your own
talking. You can’t talk and listen at the same time. If you are
thinking about what you are going to say next, then you are not
Think like the person to whom you are speaking. His or her
problems and needs are important. You’ll understand and retain
them better if you keep his or her point of view.
Ask clarification questions. If you don’t understand something,
or if you feel you may have missed a point, clear it up now
before it embarrasses you later.
Don’t interrupt or change the subject. A pause, even a long
pause, doesn’t always mean that the speaker has finished saying
everything that he or she has to say.
Concentrate on what you are hearing. Focus your mind on what the
speaker is saying. Practice shutting out outside distractions
Turn off your own worries. Turning off and tuning in aren’t
always easy, but they are important. Personal problems or
worries not connected with the subject at hand form a kind of
internal "static" that can blank out the real message that you
are tuning in.
Consider taking notes. In some settings, taking notes is
appropriate and will help you remember important points. Be
selective. Trying to take notes on everything said can result in
being left far behind or in retaining irrelevant information.
Listen for ideas, not just words. You want to get the whole
picture, not just isolated bits and pieces. Listen for key
Use interjections to punctuate your listening. An occasional
"Yes" or "I see" shows you are still with the speaker. However,
wait until the speaker has finished his or her comment, and
don’t overdo or use interjections as meaningless comments.
Prepare in advance. Remarks and questions prepared in advance,
when possible, free your mind for listening.
React to ideas, not the person. Don’t allow irritation to rise
from things said, or from mannerisms. Try not to respond to
these distractions. Base your response on principles, not
Don’t argue mentally. .Don’t allow yourself to become annoyed or
irritated with anything that is said. Try agreeing with points
to see if you can understand the speaker’s perspective better.
Don’t jump to conclusions. Avoid making unwarranted assumptions
about what is going to be said. Don’t mentally try to complete
the other person’s sentences. Listen and learn.
1. Stop Talking
“If we were supposed to talk more than we listen, we would have
two tongues and one ear.” Mark Twain.
Don't talk, listen. When somebody else is talking listen to what
they are saying, do not interrupt, talk over them or finish
their sentences for them. Stop, just listen. When the other
person has finished talking you may need to clarify to ensure
you have received their message accurately.
2. Prepare Yourself to Listen
Relax. Focus on the speaker. Put other things out of mind. The
human mind is easily distracted by other thoughts – what’s for
lunch, what time do I need to leave to catch my train, is it
going to rain – try to put other thoughts out of mind and
concentrate on the messages that are being communicated.
3. Put the Speaker at Ease
Help the speaker to feel free to speak. Remember their needs and
concerns. Nod or use other gestures or words to encourage them
to continue. Maintain eye contact but don’t stare – show you are
listening and understanding what is being said.
4. Remove Distractions
Focus on what is being said: don’t doodle, shuffle papers, look
out the window, pick your fingernails or similar. Avoid
unnecessary interruptions. These behaviors disrupt the listening
process and send messages to the speaker that you are bored or
Try to understand the other person’s point of view. Look at
issues from their perspective. Let go of preconceived ideas. By
having an open mind we can more fully empathize with the
speaker. If the speaker says something that you disagree with
then wait and construct an argument to counter what is said but
keep an open mind to the views and opinions of others.
6. Be Patient
A pause, even a long pause, does not necessarily mean that the
speaker has finished. Be patient and let the speaker continue in
their own time, sometimes it takes time to formulate what to say
and how to say it. Never interrupt or finish a sentence for
7. Avoid Personal Prejudice
Try to be impartial. Don't become irritated and don't let the
person’s habits or mannerisms distract you from what they are
really saying. Everybody has a different way of speaking - some
people are for example more nervous or shy than others, some
have regional accents or make excessive arm movements, some
people like to pace whilst talking - others like to sit still.
Focus on what is being said and try to ignore styles of
8. Listen to the Tone
Volume and tone both add to what someone is saying. A good
speaker will use both volume and tone to their advantage to keep
an audience attentive; everybody will use pitch, tone and volume
of voice in certain situations – let these help you to
understand the emphasis of what is being said.
9. Listen for Ideas – Not Just Words
You need to get the whole picture, not just isolated bits and
pieces. Maybe one of the most difficult aspects of listening is
the ability to link together pieces of information to reveal the
ideas of others. With proper concentration, letting go of
distractions, and focus this
10. Wait and Watch for Non-Verbal Communication
Gestures, facial expressions, and eye-movements can all be
important. We don’t just listen with our ears but also with our
eyes – watch and pick up the additional information being
transmitted via non-verbal communication.
Skills you Need
Listening is the
ability to accurately receive and interpret messages in the
Listening is key to all effective communication, without the
ability to listen effectively messages are easily misunderstood
– communication breaks down and the sender of the message can
easily become frustrated or irritated.
A good listener will
listen not only to what is being said, but also to what is left
unsaid or only partially said.
Effective listening involves observing body language and
noticing inconsistencies between verbal and non-verbal messages.
For example, if someone tells you that they are happy with their
life but through gritted teeth or with tears filling their eyes,
you should consider that the verbal and non-verbal messages are
in conflict, they maybe don't mean what they say.
Listening / Hearing Correctly:
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory
Listening Training and Auditory Integration
Academy of Audiology
Speech Pathology Services
Impaired / Deafness
How to Listen when
others are Speaking
Enunciation is the act of speaking clearly and concisely.
The opposite of good enunciation is mumbling or slurring.
Pronunciation is a
component of enunciation.
Pronunciation is to pronounce sounds of words correctly.
Statements that fail to specify your message. If you give a
clear example of what you're trying to say, then people will
have an easier time understanding you, and they might even be
able to answer your comment more accurately, and correctly.
"You can create the perfect message,
but the understanding depends on the skill of the receiver to
correctly decipher it."
Getting Your Point
Across (5 Tips)
(The Average Rate for an American Speaker is 150 Words Per
Calm yourself, don't get upset or let your emotions control your
speech. Avoid arguing. Avoid degrading others or insulting
people, or prejudging people. Don't use
Try not to say anything that would be counterproductive to
the goal that you want to achieve.
Develop a Friendly Tone of Voice
Begin your speech, if necessary, state your name and any
relevant information that would lead up to this point in time.
Be sure to generate enough vocal power and energy to reach every
listener in the room.
Express your view about the important issue. Explain the goals
explain how it benefits others. Back up your opinion with facts,
evidence, witnesses and or documents. And don't forget that you have
to explain why you think this
relevant, because just presenting facts is not good enough, you
have to explain the meaning and the importance of these facts.
Use examples and make suggestions.
Search for Meaning
Listen. Relate to the opinions of others and let them know that
you understand their point of view. Be ready for the follow up
questions and have appropriate responses ready. Don't tell a
person they are wrong, just explain why you believe that you are
right, and why it is more fair to everyone, and that it's free from
favoritism, or self-interest, or bias, or deception.
I once too
thought that same way, or similar way. And then I experienced a
change when I learned some new information.
verifying this information and researching it more deeply, I
have come to the conclusion that I must change, or, I will be
responsible for any damage that is done from these negative
actions, actions that do more harm then good. Humans are born
good, and I have never met a bad dog either, I guess that is why
dogs are mans best friend, we seek out similar company even
outside our own species.
Don't be discouraged if you need to end the conversation. Don't
feel bad if your point didn't get through. Learn to ask for more
time to think, and to seek out more information on the matter. And also to learn more about other peoples point of view, so
that you can better explain and understand your own point of
Room! - Sample Lesson: Voice Modulation and Speed (youtube)
of a Powerful Speaking Voice (youtube)
The Proper use of Pitch for your Speaking Voice (youtube)
Develop a Perfect Speaking Voice (wikihow)
more then you show, speak less then you know."
Talk With a Deeper Voice
Tone & Inflection (youtube)
In every communication between people, only half of the message
is clear, or completely understood. That's because not every
question is answered during a normal conversation. People need
to know more then just the definition of a word. And people also
need to know more about the context, because a lot of context
that surrounds words is non factual,
made up of
opinions that could easily mislead someone. First we need to
learn to speak in truths, then we need to learn to communicate
fully and accurately. I see conversations in the future being
more fuller, more enjoyable, more meaningful, more open, and
more honest, where one word could
speak a thousand truths, and
one word could answer a 1000 questions. But that's from everyone
having a high quality education, an education that does not
exist as of 2014. But the research is near completion, so a high
quality education is not that far away. So when a person says
that they are educated, it will mean that have 1000 different
skills and qualities, and know a 1000 different things, and they
could explain them for you if needed, using 20,000 unique words.
Magpie: An obnoxious and
foolish and loquacious talker. (chatterbox)
Speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly.
Gift of Gab
False Advertising -
always think before we speak and always choose the right moment.
But be careful, it's not just what you say, but it's also what
you don't say that can cause the most damage. Remember, no one
can read your mind, so don't be afraid to speak your mind,
because you may never have another chance.
It's not just what you say, but how you say it. Remember,
language is the easy part, communicating effectively is the hard
Speaking with Purpose
Don't Beat Around the Bush
"If we both stop
Jumping to Conclusions then maybe we'll get somewhere"
"If you just say
what you mean, you can avoid the possibility of things being
the translation, or being misunderstood."
The differences between "The Silent Treatment" "Ignoring
Someone" and "Turning a Blind Eye".
Sometimes you don't want to satisfy someone with a response to a
question, or an observation or an opinion, because it might
encourage someone to continue talking about something that you
don't feel comfortable about, or something that you disagree
with, or something that you don't have enough information about
so that you can reply with a correct response. And you don't
want to get caught in a conversation with someone who is upset
and will most likely drag you into an argument. But sometimes
you don't want to totally ignore someone. Make eye contact with
the person that shows no emotion, so as not to influence or
encourage someone to continue a conversation that is making an
incorrect observation, or just asking the wrong questions.
Sometimes it's just better to change the subject, in a nice way
of course. Or ask for the conversation to continue later in a
better time and place.
Sometimes you just
want to be a
Fly on the Wall in certain situations, meaning that you
would like to be there secretly to see and hear what happens.
One-way Mirror, being an
witness without the risk of actually being there. Interested
but not ready to commit or ready to be fully involved where your
true character can be on display and tested along side the
Conversations in your Head are only one half of a
conversation. Even though you're talking to yourself, it still
counts as only one opinion. You can't say "my paranoid side says
yes while my logical side says no", because you still need to
confirm the accuracy of both of those questions, just like when
trying to figuring out if something is
How can you be sure "That it Goes without Saying" if you never
say it out loud?
To pretend to have a conversation with someone else, and to guess
what their responses would be, it's not that unusual, people do it
all the time, it's called thinking to yourself. It's anticipating
responses to particular questions that you might ask someone.
But the bottom line is, you're still only answering your own questions, so
you're pretty much still just talking to yourself, in a form of
role-playing. And it's not a great way to teach yourself, mostly
because you're only relying on one information source. So you
still need to seek out more information and knowledge in order
to obtain a better understanding about the questions you're
asking, and, you also have to be sure that you're asking the
right questions, and using the right sources? If your
Internal Monologue becomes over whelming, as if the
mechanism for creating dreams while we sleep, is some how being
activated while you are awake, then your
Auditory Hallucinations might need to seek out some
Misinterpretations are humans
Achilles Heal. We not only misinterpret each other
sometimes, we also misinterpret our own thoughts and feelings
sometimes. Not only do we experience difficulties communicating
with other people, we also have difficulties communicating with
ourselves. This is why we need more knowledge and information to
make us more skilled, more aware, and more intelligent.
Having an inaccurate mental representation of the meaning or
significance of something. Not correct; not in conformity with
fact or truth.
Things I would say if I were me, "Who the hell
are you?" I'm you,
first person narrative. "Ohhh."
"Sometimes in order to keep
the conversation going, you have to do it yourself, ask all the
questions and look for the answers."
Hearing Impairment / Deafness
David Eagleman: Can we Create new Senses for Humans (video)
Sensory Vest Sensory Substitution
Augmentative and Alternative Communication
Speech-Generating Device Artificial
When you give people a voice, a voice that can be digitally
recorded and transmitted, you literally give that person
immortality, and at the same time make that person extremely
valuable by improving communication. So how do
Telephones transmit voices so well? We can use a
CAPTCHA like system by using the voices of millions of
internet users. From there you can create the necessary
algorithms to speak words fluently in the right tone, in the
right volume, including fades, spikes and pauses.
When you give people a voice, you give them immortality.
Why Does My Recorded Voice Sound So Strange To Me?
Alphabet Card (PDF)
Place Mat (PDF)
Ways to Communicate with a Non-Verbal Child
Communication Devices for Children who Can't Talk
Speech and Communication
/ Sight Problems
American Foundation for the Blind
Blindness (wiki) Myopia
Eye Exam Seeing Test
with Sound Augmented Reality
Eye Music: Hearing Colored Shapes
Andrew Bastawrous: Get your next eye exam on a Smartphone
White Eye Detector App
VisualFields easy Eye Exam App capture high-quality images
of the front and back of an eye.
Field Test (wiki)
Diplopia is a Computer Game
that has been designed using the
latest research to help people with
amblyopia (lazy eye) and
strabismus (crossed eyes)
Computer Vision Syndrome
Protecting your Vision
SyncBraille is one of the smallest, lightest, and most
affordable, portable Braille Displays
VoiceOver Gesture Support, Text to Speech, Braille Display
Vision-impaired & Low Vision Tool
Daniel Kish: How I use Sonar to Navigate the World
Narrator Text–to–Speech Utility
JAWS Screen Reader
Morse Code (wiki)
Sheila Nirenberg: A Prosthetic Eye to treat Blindness
People Draw? (youtube)
Ron Mccallum: How Technology allowed me to Read
Woman Who Saw Rain (youtube)
Echo voice activated search and information.
Human Echolocation (wiki)
Daniel Kish's echolocation in action (youtube)
become a Good Writer / Writers Knowledge
write things that are worth reading, or do things that are worth
and if you do both, you can't go wrong."
Creative Writing (wiki)
(A fast hand writer can write 250 words in 15 Minutes on average)
Writing Skills Test
Words Per Minute
(wiki) TM (An
types usually in speeds of 50 to 80
Word Processor (wiki)
Scrivener word processing program
/ Preparing to Write: The
gathering stage of writing,
classifying things into groups, a visual web that represents
associations among ideas.
Writing First Draft
How to Prepare
a First Draft
A few good writing tips to
reader's attention with a good
Title, sometimes first
impressions matter. Know your readers.
Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC)
Topic and be original. Don't forget something
personal and always share
a little of yourself.
Humor when its
Theme or a particular
Writing Style that you might want
to explore, but try
to write what you know.
How to Write a Short Story
Creative with your words but not too fancy, make it simple and
to the point. The reader shouldn't
have to guess what
mean. If your writing is to advanced it may distract
someone from fully understanding your message. Not to say that
Sophisticated writing is bad, there is a time and place for
everything. You reach a larger audience with easy to understand
writing. Sometimes dividing long sentences into shorter ones can
be more effective. A paragraph should support a single idea.
Try to reframe 90% of
the passive voice. Use a Thesaurus or a
Dictionary to find the right words.
to be unique, informative, direct, simple and
a vigorous, lucid or
Saxon Word to the romantic.
Transitive Verbs that strike their object.
familiar word, and the concrete or
Root Word, to the
Avoid superfluous redundant or
unnecessary empty words.
informative and educational with the latest information
available on your subject.
Try to limit your
personal opinions and try to
clichés. Make it exciting to read. It's not just what you say,
but how you say it.
Dramatic Structure Pathos Technical Writing Style
6: Try to
explain what you are seeing to the reader. Give a Point of view
and explain the
setting and any characters involved.
7: Use images
that are eye-catching and relevant. Depiction
Manuscript Info-Graphic Ideogram
Be specific to detail.
Circumlocution (Inflectional Ending) Epilogue
Human Interest Story
Situation vs Complication
But remember..."A picture could never be more worthy then a
thousand words, but it's nice to have both."
work aloud and proof read it. Have someone else
Proof Read your
Grammar. Journalism Tools
(Visual Field of
List of Style Guides
9: To become
a better writer you should always Read More.
Reading Knowledge Base
10: Have fun.
Free Writing (wiki) Scrivener
Technical Writing -
Technical Writer -
Professional Writing )
preparing each message: Plan,
1) Draft the message with the readers in mind.
Send clear, concise messages that are
brief, succinct, and organized.
Give the message a concise title and use subheadings where
Use simple words and short, clear, sentences and paragraphs.
Back up opinions with facts.
Avoid “flowery” language, euphemisms, and trite expressions
that's free of jargon.
Summarize main points at the end and let the reader know what he
must do next.
Revising / Editing
The average writer who's doing
research for a story, will spend at least 3 weeks interviewing
on the average around 100 people, either in person or talking
with them over the telephone. They will request information and
facts from various sources from around the world, like press
releases, technical papers and so on. From that they will create
100's of pages of hand written notes of 20,000 words or more.
Then they will meticulously go through all the acquired
information to retrieve the most important parts. Then they will
spend about a week writing and rewriting the story till it
becomes something to be published.
Words, and words give meaning to context. In order to say
what you mean you have to know a lot of words and all the
definitions that apply to those words. So
valuable, but not as valuable as knowing how to use words to
Elementary-school kids who hand-wrote their work produced more
words and more ideas than those
who typed. College students who typed notes on a laptop
remembered less about a lecture than those who wrote by hand.
People remember lectures better when they’ve taken handwritten
notes, rather than typed ones.
"I try not to influence writers on what they should write about,
only that they care about what they are writing.
Try not so much to devise a piece of writing, try to realize a
piece of writing, a piece of writing that has to be written. If
you feel that you will be wasting time writing about something,
then you should not write it. Don't write because you are a good
writer, write because you need to write something good."
"Writing has therapeutic benefits. The process of documenting
your thoughts can free your mind."
Life Quotes Education Quotes
Sports Quotes Adventure Writing
Pencils are better the
because pencils are made of things found naturally in our
environment, and they are also renewable and they breakdown in
landfills. Most pencils are made from
Cedar Trees and
Graphite, which is made out of carbon. But you can buy pens
that are more eco-friendly.
Pens and Pencils
|"The two most important things about writing and
reading are comprehension and relevance. Just being a
good speller does not confirm good reading comprehension
or does it confirm that you are reading and writing
things that are important or relevant.
Make sure that kids understand what they are reading and
writing, and make sure that they are reading and writing
things that are important and relevant to them, things
that will increase their understanding of themselves and
the world around them."
Potty Mouths /
Foul-Mouthed / Four-Letter Words /
Cursing / Vulgarity / Naughty Words
Vulgar Language / Dirty Words / F-bomb
Pardon my French /
Humor as a
can be liberating, but words can also be debilitating."
Insults, curses, harsh language
Profanity is used in some cases
to express emotion and feelings
about something that people are
passionate about. But swearwords
must be followed by words of deeper
meaning and expression so that it
helps explain your passion in better
detail, other wise swearwords are
just empty words of a incomplete
sentence. You end up mostly
Emotion and not enough
Meaning. So learn to Elaborate. Derogatory
Ethnic Slurs and
Fighting Words are never
effective ways to communicate. It's
like trying to put out a fire with
gasoline, it's just illogical. Don't
make things worse or miss out on a
chance to make things better. Think
before you speak. If you don't have
the right words then sometimes it's
best to wait till you do find the
How to Stop Swearing
mouth gathers no foot"
tongue is a beast that few can
master. It strains constantly to
break out of its cage, and if it is
not tamed, it will run wild and
cause you grief.”
Effects of Swearing, Speak Loudly
language, demeaning words,
Condescending words or just
plain mean talk, is just stupid. if
you can't communicate what you are
trying to say, then wait till you
learn. There are always better words
to use. But why does our
relationship with a particular
person effect our emotions, and why
am I allowing my
Emotions to chose
my vocabulary? I don't get this. I
always fall into that same stupid
trap, a trap I created. I have to
discover a way to let my brain do
the talking without my emotions
choosing my words. I love my
emotions, but I also like to
communicate effectively, and not
just to other people, but to myself
as well. Our language has incredible
power, it's time we use it the right
way. But don't get me wrong, we need
our emotions, communicating
emotionally is sometimes effective
in certain situations, but it must
be proven that the emotions were
necessary at that time.
Mince: Make less
severe or harsh. To be
straightforward, plain-spoken, or
A forceful and bitter verbal attack
against someone or something.
Expletive: Profane or
obscene expression usually of
surprise or anger. Serving to fill
up, merely for effect, otherwise
Euphemism: An inoffensive
or indirect expression that is
substituted for one that is
considered offensive or too harsh.
"The danger with insults is that it
could ruin your chances of having a
so it can work against you."
"My swear words or curses are
just emotional expressions of my
disappointment. My intentions are
not to offend anyone or to hurt
anyone. My swear words are solely
meant to bring attention to a
serious problem, a problem that you
may or may not be involved in. So
the swear words are mostly directed
at a problem and not so much at a
particular person. Do I need to use
"I can be
such a jerk sometimes. It's not that
I'm being insensitive on purpose,
it's that I'm not always aware of
how my words and actions are being
perceived. I apologize when I'm
aware of my
so please let me know when I'm not
aware of my insensitivity, so that I
may offer you my
Apologies and also improve my
Demeanor and negative
Swearing as a Response to Pain
Swearing as a Response to
Pain—Effect of Daily Swearing
calling or angry tones are a waste
of energy and time. When you learn
to talk and communicate more
Calmly you will learn very
quickly that you will have much
better results with people and
situations when you refrain from
anger and name calling. And you will
also learn that there is very little
need for drama and name calling when
learned over time that you have to
have a very high tolerance for
a**holes and ignorant people.
Because if you don't you will end up
acting like an ignorant a**hole
yourself. So I'm going to create a
course that will give people the
necessary skills and techniques that
will give a person the tolerance and
the appropriate responses to other
peoples moronic behavior. I'm going
to call the course "High Tolerance
for Assholes 101". Believe it or not
I have over 10,000 people signed up
for the course already, mostly from
people who are planning to work in
government, banks, corporations and
in the media." (So the
lesson here is to rewrite this
paragraph so that there is no vulgar
language and no
sterotyping, and then name the
10 things that you would teach in
The Negative Attributes and
Behaviors that are Associated with
Name Calling and Anger....
This is why the word 'Asshole' is so effective,
because it pretty much replaces all the words above.
But it's not a
I wish I had a nickel for
every time I said "WTF is going on here?" Do
make it cool to swear again?
To call someone stupid, is stupid. Whether you are
calling someone a moron, an idiot, an
ignoramus, or any other harsh insulting words,
but never the "R" word, because you clearly insult
everyone, including yourself. The important thing is
that people should not be insulted when called
stupid, or any other harsh word, even if you're
calling yourself stupid. It is merely a question of,
"why is this thinking flawed and incorrect?" Was it
a simple mistake that you made? Or an indicator that
the process used in your decision making needs to be
improved so that you can achieve higher quality
results from your decisions? And that is only one
way to correctly handle insults. Don't be distracted
by the harshness of a word or words, just simply
answer the question "why is this thinking flawed and
incorrect?" Or simply ask "what is stupid?" or just
answer with one word, "why". And the more questions
that you answer that improve your thinking, the more
intelligent you will become. You will still make
mistakes, but now you will solve them a lot faster,
and you will also make fewer mistakes.
There's nothing wrong with
calling yourself stupid as long as you don't
take it personally.
Writing Quotes and Sayings
I have never lived so
passionately as when I am writing passionately about living. (Michael J. Budnicki)
write things that are worth reading or do things that are worth
writing about, and if you do both you can't go wrong"
The World is a book, and those
who do not travel read only a page. (Saint Augustine)
A writer writes not because he is
educated but because he is driven by the need to communicate. (Leo
The art of communicating thoughts
to the mind, through the eye is the great invention of the
"Try not to think about things that you're not willing to
write about. This is not to say that you should write about
everything that comes to mind, because something's cannot, and
should not, be shared in writing. Mostly because something's
cannot be fully understood enough. So if you feel the need to
write something down, that might be considered crazy or hard to
understand, do it privately so that it will give you some time
to understand and process these particular thoughts that you
"You never quite know what exact
arrangement of words that people will understand, the intended
meaning is not always a guarantee" (Howard Polley)
Writing about your personal
experiences is liberating. It also gives you a chance to better
understand yourself by being able to
reexamine what you have
written later on. Writing about a moment in time that you have
experienced, through your own perspective, is saving a memory.
It's also creating a hard copy of a memory that will act like a
back up in case your personal
memory fades or leaves out
important details, for what ever reason. If you like what you
have written, then you should share it, like sharing a memory.
We all hope that we will be able to take our memories with us
die, but just incase, we should write some of our memories
down because they might be beneficial to others, pretty much the
same way that
you benefited from the memories of other people in
your life, people who were thoughtful enough to share what they
have learned with you.
"One of my problems with hand
writing is that I'm not thinking about what I'm writing because
my brain is thinking faster then I can write it down. So I find
myself scribbling a lot, but it's not that bad as long as I can
deceiver it later and rewrite it."
I'm sometimes more focused on what I'm trying to say then I
am about the spelling of words. That is why writers have
readers and editors. This way writers can focus more on what
they're trying to say and not have to focus on irrelevant
things, like the spelling of words. I would rather
when writing about things that are important then write about
things that are irrelevant but spelled perfectly, who cares.
Besides, if you know that a word is misspelled you must know
what the word is? So nothing is lost.
So the problem is not my spelling, the problem is that you're
too easily distracted by things that don't matter, which is no
Sometimes I can't stop to think about the spelling of a word
because that would cause me to change focus. And when thoughts
are flying by at lighting speed, if you look away just for a
second you sometimes miss key information pertaining to that
thought, like how the thought was generated? What was going to
be learned from that thought? Do more questions need to be
answered about that thought? And some thoughts immediately
create associations, so analyzing begins
immediately, which also needs to be documented.
Can I get a Spell Check?
"Aoccdrnig to a
rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer in waht
oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoatnt tihng is
taht the frist and lsat ltteers be at the rghit pclae. The rset
can be a toatl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit porbelm.
Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by
istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe."
Missing Letter Effect
much more important to communicate effectively then it is to
always spell words correctly. Spelling is an irrelevant detail.
Am I becoming a better speller, yes. But it is still not a high
priority, as you can still see."
I love writing, even
though I might not agree with everything that I write later on.
That's why I love the digital world. I don't waste paper and I
didn't print any books. I can just delete it or
Correcting is all about survival. The more I learn, the more my
understanding increases in size, so I have to update what I have
written. Some of what you see on this website is just the
first draft, and
others have gone through a few revisions. How an idea comes to
mind and the path it took is important. There are other paths
that led to the same idea. I got here because I was thinking of
this, but I also got here because I was thinking of that. Two
different paths leading to the same place.
"I don't own the words or did I
create the words, I just assemble the words. Sometimes
uniquely, other times just a little differently."
most important thing is to write down the words before you
forget them. And it's always a good idea to have
a place to put
things, a place that will make it easy for you to find and
remember the things that are important. So having some kind of a
File System has always been a very useful tool and
skill to have.
Some of the things that I have I
learned about writing is that the more you write the more you
learn. And one of the things that you learn when you write is
that you learn to write better. And when you learn to write
better you learn even more. So it’s safe to say,
if you never
stop writing about what you have learned, about yourself and the
world, you will never stop learning.
Even though I’m a terrible
writer, I myself look at writing as an incredible gift. At times
writing can be so exhilarating to me that it’s better then any
drug that I have ever done. But there were so many times in my
life that I wished I had the words for those particular moments,
but of course I didn’t.
It was always much later and too late. But as I found the words,
I realized that all is not lost. I can still say those words and
share them by writing them down. For I am certain that those
moments in my life will surely repeat themselves in other
peoples lives, if not my own. So just maybe, someone would be
lucky enough to remember what I have written, and not have to
walk away from a very important moment, saying, “I wished that I
had the right words to say”. To me that is the greatest gift a
writer could ever give. (Howard Polley)
"How do I know what I mean until
I see what I say?"
"There's a big difference between
what you want to say and what you eventually do say.
Remember what you were thinking and share it."
"Writing is like a form of
meditation, you need to slow your thinking down and focus."
"I don't write to impress people,
I don't write to insult people, I don't write to manipulate
people, I write to communicate with people."
document of my thoughts. Just like millions of people have
done before me. I am an accumulation of thoughts that have been
passed down for thousands of years. And it seems that we are
just beginning to think, because we have never had so much
knowledge and information before, it's almost God like."
"It's very easy to look stupid
while you are actually planning something incredible. There's
genius under the chaos. But I wouldn't say that I'm doing it my
way, I'm just doing it the way it happens, which seems to be
When it’s all said and done, will
you have said more than you’ve done?
Digital Text Books / Electronic Books /
eBooks / Online Books /
As of 2010 Google has
scanned over 15
million books. That's about
12% of the 130 million books
ever published from 1500
2 trillion words in
Barnes and Noble NOOK Ebook
Sony Digital Reader Touch
Edition - Black (PRS600BC)
American Students spend $8
billion to $15 billion per
year on textbooks.
Some textbooks are just new
editions that have only had
a few changes.
Internet is the only
textbook you'll ever need."