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Boy with Magnifying Glass Science is establishing facts through investigations and research. Understanding causes and effects and the nature of Reality. Science can cover a lot of different subjects, so depending on the type of science that you are studying, each one will require a unique set of skills that you need to learn, and you will also have to study areas of knowledge that are focused on a particular subject.

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What is Science?
Science Tools

Science Types

Step A then Step B then Result


Research is a systematic Investigation to establish Facts. A search for Knowledge. Inquire into. Questioning. Gathering Knowledge about Nature and Organizing and Condensing that Knowledge into testable laws and theories. Ability to produce Solutions in some Problem Domain. Research into questions posed by scientific Theories and HypothesesGoals of Research (PDF)

Empirical Research is research using empirical evidence. It is a way of gaining knowledge by means of direct and indirect Observation or experience. Empiricism values such research more than other kinds. Empirical evidence (the record of one's direct observations or experiences) can be analyzed quantitatively or qualitatively. Through quantifying the evidence or making sense of it in qualitative form, a researcher can answer empirical questions, which should be clearly defined and answerable with the evidence collected (usually called data). Research design varies by field and by the question being investigated. Many researchers combine qualitative and quantitative forms of analysis to better answer questions which cannot be studied in laboratory settings, particularly in the social sciences and in education.

Exploratory Research is research conducted for a problem that has not been clearly defined. It often occurs before we know enough to make conceptual distinctions or to posit an explanatory relationship. Exploratory research develops concepts more clearly, established priorities, develops operational definitions and improve the final research design. Exploratory research helps determine the best research design, data-collection method and selection of subjects. It should draw definitive conclusions only with extreme caution. Given its fundamental nature, exploratory research often concludes that a perceived problem does not actually exist.

Field Research is the collection of information outside a laboratory, library or workplace setting. The approaches and methods used in field research vary across disciplines. For example, biologists who conduct field research may simply observe animals interacting with their environments, whereas social scientists conducting field research may interview or observe people in their natural environments to learn their languages, folklore, and social structures. Drug Research

Research Proposal is a document proposing a research project, generally in the sciences or academia, and generally constitutes a request for sponsorship of that research. Proposals are evaluated on the cost and potential impact of the proposed research, and on the soundness of the proposed plan for carrying it out. Research proposals generally address several key points: What research question(s) will be addressed, and how they will be addressed. What cost and time will be required for the research. What prior research has been done on the topic. How the results of the research will be evaluated. How the research will benefit the sponsoring organization and other parties.

Basic Research is scientific research aimed to improve scientific theories for improved understanding or prediction of natural or other phenomena. Applied research, in turn, uses scientific theories to develop technology or techniques to intervene and alter natural or other phenomena.
Primary Research involves the collection of original primary data by researchers. It is often undertaken after researchers have gained some insight into an issue by reviewing secondary research or by analyzing previously collected primary data. It can be accomplished through various methods, including questionnaires and telephone interviews in market research, or experiments and direct Observations in the physical sciences, amongst others. The distinction between primary research and secondary research is crucial among market-research professionals.
Open Research is research conducted in the spirit of free and open source software. Much like open source schemes that are built around a source code that is made public, the central theme of open research is to make clear accounts of the methodology freely available via the internet, along with any data or results extracted or derived from them. This permits a massively distributed collaboration, and one in which anyone may participate at any level of the project.

Quantitative Research is the systematic empirical investigation of observable phenomena via statistical, mathematical or computational techniques. The objective of quantitative research is to develop and employ mathematical models, theories and/or hypotheses pertaining to phenomena. The process of measurement is central to quantitative research because it provides the fundamental connection between empirical observation and mathematical expression of quantitative relationships.

Prove it to be True. Prove it to be False. How Necessary is it to Prove? What are your Priorities?

"By observation we can deduce how something, anything works" (Victor Scauberger)

Evidence is testimony from expert witnesses, documentary evidence, and physical evidence. Measurements
Empirical Evidence is the knowledge or source of knowledge acquired by means of the senses, particularly by observation and experimentation. Consensus
Scientific Evidence is evidence which serves to either support or counter a scientific theory or hypothesis. Such evidence is expected to be empirical evidence and interpretation in accordance with scientific method. Standards for scientific evidence vary according to the field of inquiry, but the strength of scientific evidence is generally based on the results of statistical analysis and the strength of scientific controls.
Real Evidence is any material object that proves a fact in issue based on the object's demonstrable physical characteristics.
Evidence (law) encompasses the rules and legal principles that govern the proof of facts in a legal proceeding. These rules determine what evidence must or must not be considered by the trier of fact in reaching its decision. The trier of fact is a judge in bench trials, or the jury in any cases involving a jury. The law of evidence is also concerned with the quantum (amount), quality, and type of proof needed to prevail in litigation. The rules vary depending upon whether the venue is a criminal court, civil court, or family court, and they vary by jurisdiction.
Forensic Science collects, preserves, and analyzes scientific evidence during the course of an investigation. While some forensic scientists travel to the scene of the crime to collect the evidence themselves, others occupy a laboratory role, performing Analysis on objects brought to them by other individuals.
Forensic Rhetoric encompasses any discussion of past action including legal discourse—the primary setting for the emergence
of rhetoric as a discipline and theory.
Biological Evidence refers to samples of biological material—such as hair, tissue, bones, teeth, blood, semen, or other bodily fluids—or to evidence items containing biological material (DNA Initiative 2012). Health Questions
Anecdotal Evidence evidence collected in a casual or informal manner and relying heavily or entirely on personal testimony.
Direct Evidence supports the truth of an assertion (in criminal law, an assertion of guilt or of innocence) directly, i.e., without an intervening inference. Circumstantial evidence, by contrast, consists of a fact or set of facts which, if proven, will support the creation of an inference that the matter asserted is true.
False Evidence is information created or obtained illegally, to sway the verdict in a court case. Falsified evidence could be created by either side in a case (including the police/prosecution in a criminal case), or by someone sympathetic to either side. Misleading by suppressing evidence can also be considered a form of false evidence (by omission), however, in some cases, suppressed evidence is excluded because it cannot be proved the accused was aware of the items found or of their location.
Admissible Evidence is any testimonial, documentary, or tangible evidence that may be introduced to a factfinder—usually a judge or jury—to establish or to bolster a point put forth by a party to the proceeding. For evidence to be admissible, it must be relevant, without being unfairly prejudicial, and it must have some indicia of reliability. The general rule in evidence is that all relevant evidence is admissible and all irrelevant evidence is inadmissible. Investigation
Circumstantial Evidence is evidence that relies on an inference to connect it to a conclusion of fact—like a fingerprint at the scene of a crime. By contrast, direct evidence supports the truth of an assertion directly—i.e., without need for any additional evidence or inference.
Proof is sufficient evidence or a sufficient argument for the truth of a proposition.
Unsubstantiated is unsupported by other evidence.

A/B Testing is a way to compare two versions of a single Variable typically by testing a subject's response to variable A against variable B, and determining which of the two variables is more effective. A randomized experiment with two variants, A and B, which are the control and variation in the controlled experiment. A/B testing is a form of statistical hypothesis testing with two variants leading to the technical term, two-sample hypothesis testing, used in the field of statistics.

Diagnostic Test is a kind of medical procedure performed to detect, diagnose, or monitor diseases, disease processes, susceptibility, and determine a course of treatment. It is related to clinical chemistry and molecular diagnostics, and the procedures are typically performed in a medical laboratory. Testing Flaws

Law of Large Numbers is a theorem that describes the result of performing the same experiment a large number of times. According to the law, the average of the results obtained from a large number of trials should be close to the expected value, and will tend to become closer as more Trials are performed.

Constructing a Multiple Baseline Graph using MS Excel and Word (youtube)
(Standard Excel Spreadsheets have 1,048,576 Rows)
Scientific Poster Presentation Sample
Mind Maps - Visual Reorientations
Scientific Modeling

Scientific Procedure  (Define a Question)

Models of Scientific Inquiry

Premise is a statement that what an argument claims will induce or justify a conclusion. In other words: a premise is an assumption that something is true. In logic, an argument requires a set of (at least) two declarative sentences (or "propositions") known as the premises or premisses along with another declarative sentence (or "proposition") known as the conclusion. This structure of two premises and one conclusion forms the basic argumentative structure. More complex arguments can use a series of rules to connect several premises to one conclusion, or to derive a number of conclusions from the original premises which then act as premises for additional conclusions. An example of this is the use of the rules of inference found within symbolic logic. Statistics

Operational Definition is the application of operationalization used in defining the terms of a process (or set of validation tests) needed to determine the nature of an item or phenomenon (e.g. a variable, term, or object) and its properties such as duration, quantity, extension in space, chemical composition, etc. Since the degree of operationalization can vary itself, it can result in a more or less operational definition. The procedures included in definitions should be repeatable by anyone or at least by peers.
Hypothesis is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon. For a hypothesis to be a scientific hypothesis, the scientific method requires that one can test it. Scientists generally base scientific hypotheses on previous observations that cannot satisfactorily be explained with the available scientific theories. Even though the words "hypothesis" and "theory" are often used synonymously, a scientific hypothesis is not the same as a scientific theory. A working hypothesis is a provisionally accepted hypothesis proposed for further research.

Theory is a contemplative and rational type of abstract or generalizing thinking, or the results of such thinking. Depending on the context, the results might for example include generalized explanations of how nature works. The word has its roots in ancient Greek, but in modern use it has taken on several different related meanings.

Occam's Razor is when all things being equal, the simplest explanation is probably the correct one.

The Five W's and an H

Gather Information and Resources
Evaluation is a systematic determination of a subject's merit, worth and significance, using criteria governed by a set of standards.
Observation is the active acquisition of information from a primary source.
Research comprises "creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.
Formulate is a concise way of expressing information symbolically as in a mathematical or chemical formula.
Form an Explanatory Hypothesis  (Construct)
Orders of Approximation
Test the Hypothesis by Performing an Experiment and Collecting Data in a Reproducible Manner.
Analyze the Data and Results.
Data Analysis is a process of inspecting, cleaning, transforming, and modeling data with the goal of discovering useful information, suggesting conclusions, and supporting decision-making. Data analysis has multiple facets and approaches, encompassing diverse techniques under a variety of names, in different business, science, and social science domains.
Evidence is anything presented in support of an assertion.
Proof Reading
Enthymeme is the body of proof or the strongest of rhetorical proofs.
Interpret the Data and Draw Conclusions that may serve as a starting point for new Hypothesis.
Publish Results (Feedback - Opinions)
Peer Review
Systematic Review is a type of literature review that collects and critically analyzes multiple research studies or papers. A review of existing studies is often quicker and cheaper than embarking on a new study. Researchers use methods that are selected before one or more research questions are formulated, and then they aim to find and analyze studies that relate to and answer those questions. Systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials are key in the practice of evidence-based medicine
Fact Checker is the act of checking factual assertions in non-fictional text in order to determine the veracity and correctness of the factual statements in the text. This may be done either before (ante hoc) or after (post hoc) the text has been published or otherwise disseminated.
Retest (Confirm Hypothesis)
Repeatability or test–retest reliability is the variation in measurements taken by a single person or instrument on the same item, under the same conditions, and in a short period of time. A less-than-perfect test–retest reliability causes test–retest variability. Such variability can be caused by, for example, intra-individual variability and intra-observer variability. A measurement may be said to be repeatable when this variation is smaller than a pre-determined acceptance criterion.
Yes or No?

Please note that scientific methods will vary depending on the subject that you are analyzing. The procedures, techniques and equipment used in testing and verifying information will vary. Depending on what you're testing, some methods are more dependable then other methods, so there could be several variables that need to be defined first. Statistics

Scientific Study
Scientific Method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, based on empirical or measurable evidence that is subject to the principles of logic and reasoning. Acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.
Observational Study draws inferences about the possible effect of a treatment on subjects, where the assignment of subjects into a treated group versus a control group is outside the control of the investigator.
Randomized Controlled Trial is a type of scientific experiment, often in the medical field, where the people being studied are randomly allocated one of the different treatments.


Describing how something should be done. Giving directions on how to complete a task.

Operators Manuals or technical communication, is a means to convey scientific, engineering, or other technical information.
Instruction Manuals is an instructional book or booklet that is supplied with almost all technologically advanced consumer products such as vehicles, home appliances and computer peripherals. Information contained in the owner's manual typically includes Safety instructions; for liability reasons these can be extensive, often including warnings against performing operations that are ill-advised for product longevity or overall user safety reasons. Assembly instructions; for products that arrive in pieces for easier shipping. Installation instructions; for products that need to be installed in a home or workplace. Setup instructions; for devices that keep track of time or which maintain user accessible state. Instructions for use. Programming instructions; for microprocessor controlled products such as VCRs, programmable calculators, and synthesizers. Maintenance instructions. Troubleshooting instructions; for when the product does not work as expected. Service locations; for when the product requires repair by a factory authorized technician. Regulatory code compliance information; for example with respect to safety or electromagnetic interference. Product technical specifications. Warranty information; sometimes provided as a separate sheet.
User Guide is a technical communication document intended to give assistance to people using a particular system. It is usually written by a technical writer, although user guides are written by programmers, product or project managers, or other technical staff, particularly in smaller companies.
Operating System

Processing is performing mathematical and logical operations on Data according to instructions or prescribed procedures in order to obtain the required information.
Process (engineering) is a series of interrelated tasks that, together, transform inputs into outputs. These tasks may be carried out by people, nature or machines using various resources; an engineering process must be considered in the context of the agents carrying out the tasks and the resource attributes involved.
Process (computing) a process made up of multiple threads of execution that execute instructions at the same time or a different times depending on the program.
Unit Operation is a basic step in a process. Unit operations involve a physical change or chemical transformation such as separation, crystallization, evaporation, filtration, polymerization, isomerization, and other reactions.
Process constructing an accurate, reliable, repeatable model of the real world.
Process is a set of interrelated activities that interact to achieve a result. A particular course of action intended to achieve a result. A mental process that you are not directly aware of. Subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition. Deal with in a routine way. Perform mathematical and logical operations on (data) according to programmed instructions in order to obtain the required information. Shape, form, or improve a material.
Parallel Processing is the ability of the brain to simultaneously process incoming stimuli of differing quality. With vision, the brain divides what it sees into four components: color, motion, shape, and depth. These are individually analyzed and then compared to stored memories, which helps the brain identify what you are viewing. The brain then combines all of these into the field of view that you see and comprehend.
Formulas is a concise way of expressing information symbolically as in a mathematical or chemical formula.


A particular course of action intended to achieve a result. A process or series of acts especially of a practical or mechanical nature involved in a particular form of work. A set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program.
Procedure (term) is designed to describe Who, What, Where, When, and Why?
Medical Procedure is a course of action intended to achieve a result in the care of persons with health problems.
Runbook is a compilation of routine procedures and operations that the system administrator or operator carries out.
Procedural Programming also known as routines, subroutines, or functions that contain a series of computational steps to be carried out.
Protocol (science) is a predefined written procedural method in the design and implementation of experiments. Protocols are
written whenever it is desirable to standardize a laboratory method to ensure successful replication of results by others in the same laboratory or by other laboratories. Detailed protocols also facilitate the assessment of results through peer review. In addition to detailed procedures and lists of required equipment and instruments, protocols often include information on safety precautions, the calculation of results and reporting standards, including statistical analysis and rules for predefining and documenting excluded data to avoid bias. Protocols are employed in a wide range of experimental fields, from social science to quantum mechanics. Written protocols are also employed in manufacturing to ensure consistent quality.
Protocol are rules determining the format and transmission of data. Code of correct conduct and etiquette. Diplomacy
Stored Procedure
Protocol is a predefined written procedural method in the design and implementation of experiments.
Standardization is the process of implementing and developing technical standards.
Technical Standard is an established norm or requirement in regard to technical systems.
Task Analysis is the analysis of how a task is accomplished, including a detailed description of both manual and mental activities, task and element durations, task frequency, task allocation, task complexity, environmental conditions, necessary clothing and equipment, and any other unique factors involved in or required for one or more people to perform a given task. Task analysis emerged from research in applied behavior analysis and still has considerable research in that area.
Procedure Format (image)

Standard Operating Procedure:
Procedures that are a set of step-by-step instructions to achieve a predictable, standardized, desired result, often within the context of a longer overall process. Detailed, written instructions to achieve uniformity of the performance of a specific function. A document that generally lists the associated hazards involved in performing a task, what Risk Score is associated with the HazardsStandard Operating Procedure is a set of step-by-step instructions compiled by an organization to help workers carry out routine operations. SOPs aim to achieve efficiency, quality output and uniformity of performance, while reducing miscommunication and failure to comply with industry regulations.

What is Science?

Science Rocks Science are methods used for learning, using tools, skills, processes, procedures, testing techniques, and accumulated knowledge and information. Science is a way of examining and analyzing things in our world so that we can have a better understanding of ourselves and the world around us. The understanding that science gives us helps us predict future outcomes so that we can make better decisions. Science is also used to create complex tools, which in return gives us the ability to create even more complex tools and create even more complex machines, thus we learn even more. Science is also a process for discovering, which everyone can benefit from. But the greatest power of science is that anyone can be a contributor to this valuable knowledge resource, as millions have done in our past. And millions of people can also benefit from this knowledge, whether they're living in the present or people who will be living in our future. So all this accumulated knowledge becomes the building blocks of new discoveries and new understandings. Not just progressing our advances in technologies, but progressing our understanding of ourselves, so we can be more aware and make better choices and make better decisions. Another benefit from science is that, if and when things do change, we can use our knowledge and tools to react accordingly instead of just suffering from the changes in our world, or suffer from the changes in ourselves. So science is also part early warning system, but only if it is used effectively and efficiently. Just experiencing something doesn't guarantee that you will understand it, or learn from it, or benefit from it. That is why knowledge is so extremely important, because knowledge helps us understand our experiences a lot better. You have to see inward as well as see outward. Science does not define reality or define what is perceived to be real, science only defines cause and effect, which for now is extremely important to everyone. Just because we know how something works does not mean that we actually know "why" it works, or do we fully understand the dangers, because we don't know everything. We're learning more and we're learning faster. We're communicating more and we're communicating faster. But we're not efficient or effective enough in order to benefit from our increased speed. So science needs to solve this problem before we waste this momentum and miss our chance in creating a better world for everyone. Sometimes if you're moving too fast you may fly past important information that you need in order to understand something. But luckily, Science doesn't only speed up our ability to learn, science can also be used to slow us down, so that we can see more details and become more aware, so that we can make better choices and make better decisions. But just like every tool in our world, tools can be misused. So science must explain the proper uses of our technologies and the proper uses of our accumulated knowledge. Science must also explain the dangers of misusing our tools by creating a good Operators Manuals and good Instruction Manuals that anyone can understand. Remember, science does not know everything, but what science does know is extremely important and extremely valuable.

Sometimes Progress is Slow
Copernican Revolution (1543) was the paradigm shift from the Ptolemaic model of the heavens, which described the cosmos as having Earth stationary at the center of the universe, to the heliocentric model with the Sun at the center of the Solar System.
Scientific Revolution was the emergence of modern science during the early modern period (1600), when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy) and chemistry transformed the views of society about
nature.  Some Ideas take time to be understood or excepted

"There are reasons why things happen, and knowing the reasons why certain things happen is the first step in controlling these actions or adapting to these actions. That what science does."

"If we don't keep moving forward, we'll end up having to start all over, again."

Why we need more Scientists
The internet has made us aware of all kinds of possibilities in the science world. We have discovered so much. This is one of the main reasons why we need more scientists. We need more people researching all these new discoveries that we are making everyday. So much more needs to be understood in order for us to effectively utilized all this knowledge. It's a gold mine.
Science in the Classroom
Teachers Science Lesson Plans

Scientifically Literate Person is defined as one who has the capacity to:
Understand experiment and reasoning as well as basic scientific facts and their meaning. Makes informed decisions and Communicates clearly using science. Understands the fundamental concepts of Earth’s many systems, environmental and social issues. Knows how to find and assess scientifically credible information about Earth. Ask, find, or determine answers to questions derived from curiosity about everyday experiences. Describe, explain, and predict natural phenomena. Explain phenomena scientifically – recognize, offer and evaluate explanations for a range of natural and technological phenomena.
Read with Understanding articles about science in the popular press and to engage in social conversation about the validity of the conclusions. Interpret data and evidence scientifically – analyze and evaluate data, claims and arguments in a variety of representations and draw appropriate scientific conclusions. Media Literacy  Identify scientific issues underlying national and local decisions and express positions that are scientifically and technologically informed. Evaluate the quality of scientific information on the basis of its source and the methods used to generate it. Evaluate and design scientific inquiry – describe and appraise scientific investigations and propose ways of addressing questions scientifically. Pose and evaluate arguments based on evidence and to apply conclusions from such arguments appropriately. Intelligence

Next Generation Science Standards

We have discovered Order in our universe, but that does not say that order is present everywhere or that Order is always a Constant, so we must always proceed with caution and care.

Do not Accept or Reject claims at Face Value, but withhold Judgment until Sufficient Evidence is available to make a decision, if time is allowed.  

Validity - Accuracy
Empirical is the knowledge or source of knowledge acquired by means of the senses, particularly by observation and experimentation. Reality

Skepticism - Questioning
Science Research Fraud and Corruption

You don't have to be a Physicist or a Rocket Scientist in order to use Scientific Methods. These skills are very useful for anyone who cares about improving themselves or improving their surroundings. Science will also increase a persons awareness about themselves and the world, exposing a sea of possibilities.

"Science may not have all the answers, but it will help you to understand things a little better, so that maybe you will find the answers that you need. This is what we found to be true, but every situation is different, so it might not be true for you."

I'm Bilingual, but my other Language is an unspoken language, it's called Computer Programming Language. I use symbols and characters to communicate instructions to computerized machines. But they are more then just machines. Computers are one of the most incredible tools that man has ever made, besides language. computers are an extension of human intelligence. Computers provide us with more processing abilities and more memory capacities then any other time in human history. These computerized machines are humans analytical partner that aids us in understanding ourselves, and our world. Humans quest for knowledge now has a powerful tool, a tool that gives us endless potential. And with the internet, we can now for the first time combine the collective wisdom, knowledge and experiences of millions of people from all over the world. We no longer need to depend on one country, or on one leader, or on one government. Because we now have the collective strength of each other. And together we will create a better world for everyone. So, what does your language do?   
Zero's and Ones, On or Off.

If I learned how to speak Spanish I could speak to 518 million more people then I do now. Knowing how to speak Computer Language I can now communicate with 2 billion personal computers and 3 billion internet users.   Communication

"When you can Convert Atoms into a Language, you can do almost anything, like communicate to the Universe."

Are you sure that the instruments that you're using are calibrated? And do you know that the calibration may not be part of the equation? Calibration is a reference point. So the reference needs to be defined. So the first question is "What is this in reference to?"   "Don't forget to Calibrate the Calibrator."

Calibration in measurement technology and metrology is the comparison of measurement values delivered by a device under test with those of a calibration standard of known accuracy. Such a standard could be another measurement device of known accuracy, a device generating the quantity to be measured such as a voltage, or a physical artifact, such as a meter ruler.

Science Films

BBC The Story Of Science Power, Proof And Passion (youtube)  Cells   Universe
Richard Feynman: The Pleasure Of Finding Things Out (video)
Sci-Show (youtube channel)
What is One Degree? (youtube)
Absolute Zero
Race for Absolute Zero (youtube)   Kelvin
Nottingham Science (youtube)
Science Under Attack BBC Horizon (youtube)
Tyler DeWitt (youtube)
The Genius of Britain (youtube)
Sixty Symbols (youtube)
K-12 Science (youtube) 
Award Winning Teen Age Science in Action (video) this is why teaching science is important
Laura Snyder; The Philosophical Breakfast Club (video)
E=Mc2 Einstein's Big Idea (youtube) 
Sixty Symbols (youtube)
The Atom Smashers (PBS)  Atoms
Sap Science  (youtube)
TROM - 1.1 Science (youtube)
E. O. Wilson: Advice to Young Scientists (video)
Proto G (youtube)
Tal Golesworthy: How I Repaired my own Heart (video)   Exstent   Aortic Root Support 
Beau Lotto + Amy O'Toole: Science is for everyone, kids included (youtube)  
Food Science • Liquid Nitrogen Under Vacuum • ChefSteps (youtube)
Asap Science (youtube)
Thought (youtube)
The Geek Group (youtube)
Veritasium (youtube)
Science Channel (youtube)
Kreosan (youtube)
Janet Iwasa: How Animations can help Scientists Test a Hypothesis (video)
Engineer Guy Video (youtube)
Schlieren Optics optical technique that allows us to see small changes in the index of refraction in air.
Schlieren Photography (wiki)
DNews Channel (youtube)
Pure Science Specials (youtube)
The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms and Examples (youtube)
In a Nutshell – Kurzgesagt (youtube)
Physics Woman (youtube)
Science Online (youtube)

The Journal of Visualized Experiments Jove is a database of more than four thousand videos, with about eighty more added each month. They are usually between ten and fifteen minutes long, and they range in subject from biology and chemistry to neuroscience and medicine.

Sci-Show Science Videos should not be confusing
Rockwell Turbo Encabulator Version 2 (youtube)
Turboencabulator  The original machine had a base-plate of prefabulated amulite, surmounted by a malleable logarithmic casing in such a way that the two spurving bearings were in a direct line with the pentametric fan. The main winding was of the normal lotus-o-delta type placed in panendermic semi-boloid slots in the stator, every seventh conductor being connected by a nonreversible trem'e pipe to the differential girdlespring on the 'up' end of the grammeters. Unilateral Phase Detractor.
Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science

Science News
Online Education Sources
Science Photo Library
Science Photos
Science Resources and Tools

Science Resources

Science Tools - Science Equipment

Work Station Electronic Equipment for Data Monitoring Little Devices Science Kits
Science Tools and Science Equipment
Little Bits has 60 modules and growing. Every module works with every other in millions of combinations
FORMcard is a handy, pocket sized card of meltable bio-plastic that can be used to make things and fix things.
Curious Minds
Lab Sciences Tools
Engineering Tools
Prototypes - Drawings
Home Training Tools
Backyard Brains
Experiment kits,
Human to Human Interface
Scientifics Online
Science for Students
Poly Science
Science Kits
3D Printing
Science Tools and Parts
Radio Shack DIY
Kinoma Create
Learn to Code
Electronic Modules for Prototyping and Play
Makey Makey
Clip-it using plastic bottle caps to make molecules
Conductive Ink (wiki)
Bare Conductive
Kate Stone: DJ Decks made of Paper (video)
Infento Rides
Games and Toys for Learning
DIY Kit for the Connected Life
Elemental Scientific
E Science Labs
Science Buddies
Lab Tests

Science Toys for Learning
Using Toys to Teach Physics
Educational Toys
Spare Parts
Surplus Center
Apex Electronic
Norton Sales Inc
Computer Components
Technology News
Science Education
P-Tech, Pathways in Technology

Microscopes - Seeing Small Things

Microscope Optical Microscope or light microscope, is a type of microscope which uses visible light and a system of lenses to magnify images of small samples.
Digital Microscope is a variation of a traditional optical microscope that uses optics and a digital camera to output an image to a monitor, sometimes by means of software running on a computer.
Underwater microscopy for in situ studies of benthic ecosystems (youtube)
Benthic Ecosystems
Microscopy is the technical field of using microscopes to view objects and areas of objects that cannot be seen with the naked eye.
SCiO: Molecular Sensor, Optical Sensor, Spectrometer
Spectrometer is an apparatus to measure a spectrum that shows intensity as a function of wavelength, of frequency, of energy, of momentum, or of mass.
Photoresistor is a light-controlled variable resistor.
Photoelectric Sensor or photo eye, is an equipment used to discover the distance, absence, or presence of an object by using a light transmitter, often infrared, and a photoelectric receiver. Sensors
Position Sensor is any device that permits position measurement.
Eppendorf Tubes
Turn Your Smartphone Into a Digital Microscope (youtube)
Electron Microscope
Size (nano)
Atomic Force Microscopy
Scanning Probe Microscopy
Scanning Tunneling Microscope
LatticeLight-Sheet Microscopy  Video
Light Sheet Fluorescence Microscopy is a fluorescence microscopy technique with an intermediate optical resolution, but good optical sectioning capabilities and high speed.


Ideas - Innovation

Work Shops

Hackerspace Workshop Tech Shop
TechShop is a chain of member-based workshops that lets people of all skill levels come in and use industrial tools and equipment to build their own projects.
Hackerspace - Science Space
Maker Faire
Rulof Italian Maker (youtube)
Cesar Harada: How I teach kids to love science (video)
Generator Vermont
Hub Space
Workshop a room or building which provides both the area and tools (or machinery) that may be required for the manufacture or repair of manufactured goods.
National Lab Network
Thrill Laboratory
Open Design City
Lighthouse Creativity Lab
Creative Learning Systems
Experience Learning
Collaboration Knowledge

Fairs - Museums - Festivals

Science Fair Display Science Fair Ideas
Science Fair Projects
Science Fair Project
Science Made Simple
Create Research Teams
Digital Media Learning Competition
Technology Challenge Programs
Ecosystem of Creators and inventors
Google Science Fair
Robotics - Robots
Young Scientist Challenge 2013: Peyton Robertson (youtube)
Young Scientist Challenge
My Potato Project; The Importance of "Organic" (youtube)
Chlorpropham (wiki)
EPA Factsheet (pdf)
Science Festivals
Science Museum
Exploravision competition for K-12 students.
Children's Museums
Think Zone
Solve Puzzles for Science
Visual Science
Its okay to be Smart
Jove: Journal of Visualized Experiments
Interactive Simulations
Society for Science
Intel International Science and Engineering Fair
International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM) is the world’s preeminent forum for reporting technological breakthroughs in the areas of semiconductor and electronic device technology, design, manufacturing, physics, and modeling. IEDM is the flagship conference for nanometer-scale CMOS transistor technology, advanced memory, displays, sensors, MEMS devices, novel quantum and nano-scale devices and phenomenology, optoelectronics, devices for power and energy harvesting, high-speed devices, as well as process technology and device modeling and simulation.

Arduino Starter Kit

ARDX Arduino Starter Kit
Experimentation Kit for Arduino (Uno R3) - v1.3 , Tackle 13 Different Projects w/ This Fully-Stocked Beginner's Toolkit.

Evive: Electronic Prototyping Platform Learn & build your projects easily, debug them smartly. #Arduino #Robotics #IoT #Embedded #STEM.

MATRIX Creator: IoT Computer Vision Dev Board #Pi AI on a Pi. Build your own Amazon Echo + endless IoT apps with a dev board for Raspberry Pi.

Learn, Teach and Make with the Tinusaur Small microcontroller board that could run Arduino and help you learn, teach others and make things.

Tinylab: Prototype easier than ever
Play Piper
PC Boards Components
Building Blocks

The Thinker Man