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Chemistry  /  Electricity  /  Computers  /  Physics  /  Engineering

Science is about using tools, knowledge and information to examine and analyze
things in our world so that we have a better understanding of ourselves and the world
around us. more...  Science (wiki)    What is a Scientist?    What are STEM Fields?
What is a Technologist?  
Technology Education   Project Exploration

Electricity  /  Chemistry  /  Biology  /  Computers  /  Engineering  /  Nano  /  Physics

Evolution Science Films  /  Science Resources
Related Subjects and Categories:
Problem Solving  /  Reasoning  /  Decision Making  /  Planning /  Information Literacy 
Math  /  Knowledge Management 
Scientist Looking at Data 

What is Science?

Systematic Investigation to establish Facts. A search for Knowledge. Inquire into. Question
Gathering Knowledge about Nature and Organizing and Condensing that Knowledge into testable laws and theories.
Ability to produce Solutions in some Problem Domain. Research into questions posed by scientific Theories and Hypotheses   Discovery   Collaboration   Scientific Theory...more... 

Science Types:
Branches of Science   Outline of Science   Natural Science    Physical Science      Earth Science  Formal Science   Social Science    Applied Science     Forensic Science  BSD
Life Sciences    Clinical Science   Medicine   Translational Science  

Philosophy of Science    Holism  Science   Open Science    Laws of Science    Data Driven Science  Space Science     Energy     The Universe     Science Websites     Science News

Prove it to be true. Prove it to be false. How necessary is it to prove?  What are your Priorities?

Scientific Procedure:
Define a Question.  Models of Scientific Inquiry  Hypothesis  Theory  The Five W's and an H 
Gather Information and Resources  (Evaluation / Observation / Research)    Formulate
Form an Explanatory Hypothesis  (Construct)    Prediction    Orders of Approximation
Test the Hypothesis by Performing an Experiment and Collecting Data in a Reproducible Manner.
Analyze the Data and Results.   Data Analysis   Evidence   Proof Reading   Meanings
Interpret the Data and Draw Conclusions that may serve as a starting point for new Hypothesis.
Publish Results (Feedback / Opinions)  Peer Review   Systematic Review  Fact Checker
Retest (Confirm Hypothesis) Repeatability   
Yes or No?

Please note that scientific methods will vary depending on the subject that you are analyzing.
The procedures, techniques and equipment used in testing and verifying information will vary.
Depending on what you're testing, some methods are more dependable then other methods,
so there could be several variables that need to be defined first.

Scientific Study
Scientific Method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, based on empirical or measurable evidence that is subject to the principles of logic and reasoning.
Observational Study draws inferences about the possible effect of a treatment on subjects, where the assignment of subjects into a treated group versus a control group is outside the control of the investigator.
Randomized Controlled Trial is a type of scientific experiment, often in the medical field, where the people being studied are randomly allocated one of the different treatments.

Describing how something should be done. Giving directions on how to complete a task.
Operators Manuals     Instruction Manuals    Process     Process     Protocol   
Procedure   Procedural Programming   Stored Procedure    Programming     Standardization   

Standard Operating Procedure:
Procedures that are a set of step-by-step instructions to achieve a predictable, standardized, desired result, often within the context of a longer overall process. Detailed, written instructions to achieve uniformity of the performance of a specific function. A document that generally lists the associated hazards involved in performing a task, what Risk Score is associated with the Hazards Develop

Observation / Experimentation / Randomized Experiment / Pilot Experiment / Quasi-Experiment 

Measurement  /  Evaluation  /  Diagnosis  Predictions  /  Statistics  /  Validity  /  Baseline

Replication / Repeatability / Proof / Evidence / Real Evidence / Biological Evidence / Trends
Anecdotal Evidence     Naturalistic Observation: Three Goals of Research (PDF)
Retrospective Cohort Study   Prospective Cohort Study     Consistency
    Scientific Modeling  Maps

Research / Empirical Research / Exploratory Research / Quantitative Research / Field Research
Drug Research  /  Primary Research  /  Research Proposal  /  Open Research  
Innovation Independent Learning  /  Creativity  Investigation  /  Questioning  / 
Dissection  /  Equating  /  Analytics  /  Efficacy  /  Scientific Poster Presentation Sample
Multivariate Testing  /  A/B Testing  /  Nondestructive Testing  /  Scientific Control 

Research and Development  /  Development Meaning  /  Development Processes
Meta-Analysis  /  Theory of Change  /  Secondary Data  /  Data  /  Information
Constructing a Multiple Baseline Graph using MS Excel and Word (youtube)

Variables  Coincidence  Probability  Propensity Probability  Law of Large Numbers  Odds  Destiny
Statistics   Statistical Hypothesis Testing    Diagnostic Test    Doubt   Anomaly   Error 
Orders of Approximation   Systems     Falsifiability    Consistency    Simplicity  Elegant Simplicity
Correspondence theory of truth    Correspondence Principle     Correspondence Analysis 
Occam's Razor

Calibration   Computation   Approximation   Standard Deviation  Parameters  Formulate

Scientific Methods    Design of Experiments    Scientific Progress  Constructivist Epistemology
Problem Solving Methods   Planning    Reasoning   Inspire

Prima Facie  Notability   Choice Modeling   Axiom   Correspondence   Physical Law   Mechanics


Information Literacy  /  Knowledge Management  /  Management  /  Engineering /  Evolution      


The science of Matter; The branch of the natural sciences dealing with the Composition of
Substances and their Properties and Reactions.   Chemist    
Atoms    Structural Formula
Glossary of Chemistry Terms

Chemistry    Inorganic Chemistry    Biochemistry  
 Analytical Chemistry   Geochemistry
Medicinal Chemistry    Computational Chemistry   Green Chemistry    Distillation
Chirality Chemistry    Enzyme     Protein Biosynthesis
Petrochemical    Order of Reaction    Water      Electrochemistry   Metallurgy      

Molecular Diffusion   Diffusion    Intrinsic and Extrinsic Properties     Quantitative Analysis
Molecular Biology   Automated Small-Molecule Synthesis    Biology   Pyramid of Complexity

Quarks   Nucleons   Atoms   Molecule   Biomolecules   Model Organism   Chemical Reaction
Cells   Organisms  Histology  Plants
  Animals  Insects  Land   Mammals

Synthesis    Graphene    Pyrolysis    Bioanalysis    Chemistry Tools and Equipment   Lab Tests
Structural Formula    Engineering    Philosopher Stone     Monatomic Elements   Catalysis
Litmus  PH   Autocatalysis   Nucleosynthesis      American Chemical Society (youtube channel)

Periodic Table of Elements   Wiki Periodic Table   Earth & Sky Chart   Videos   Natural Elements
A Tour of the Periodic Table (youtube)    Chemistry (youtube)   (Ununseptium Uus element 117) PAI
Atomic Number (# of Protons)     Relative Atomic Mass     Electron Configuration    Resonance
Elementary Particle   Fundamental Particle   List of Particles   Physics    American Chemistry

A Molecule is formed when two or more Atoms join together chemically. Chemical Bond
A Compound is a molecule that contains at least two different Elements. Every combination of atoms is a molecule, but not all molecules are compounds. Hydrogen gas (H2) is a molecule, but not a compound because it is made of only one element. Water (H2O) can be called a molecule or a compound because it is made of hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms.  Chem 4 Kids

Carbon Atoms can make around 1.7 million different compounds?
Carbon Atoms make up 85% of all known compounds?
There are now more than ten million Organic Compounds known by chemists.

Thermodynamics    Laws of Thermodynamics    Thermodynamic Law    Chemical Thermodynamics
Engineering Thermodynamics  Thermoplastic  Entropy  Urea  Thermodynamics of Computation (pdf)
Chemical Process Modeling     Triple Point    Compound Chem    Thermal Energy    Dark Matter
(0C = 32F, 27C = 80F, for every 10 Degrees F increase is equal to around a 5C increase)
(thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work. High Entropy would indicate less energy available for useful work in a system, and Low Entropy would suggest greater energy. "entropy increases as matter and energy in the universe degrade to an ultimate state of inert uniformity" 
Entropy and Life   Entropy (order disorder)  
(communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome.

Janet Iwasa: How 3D Animations help Scientists Visualize what we can't See (video)
Molecular Flipbook

Toxicology    Drug Metabolism    Pharmacokinetics    Pharmaceutical Industry   Pharmacology
Alchemy   Metamaterial   
 Scientism    Extrospection    Scientific Modeling   Complexity 
Fringe Science    Scientific Visualization   
Continuum Hypothesis     Receptor    Noble Gas
Chemical Similarity     Khan Chemistry (videos)     Smelt Your Own Ring    ACS Reactions (youtube)


A physical phenomenon associated with stationary or moving electrons and protons.
Energy made available by the flow of electric charge through a Conductor.

Electricity   Electric Generator     Energy     Human Energy    Define Electronics Terms App

Alternating Current, An electric current that reverses direction sinusoidally. Sine Wave
DC Direct Current, An electric current that flows in one direction steadily.
Amps: The rate at which electrons are flowing.
Ampere: The basic unit of electric current. Ampere

Current: A flow of electricity through a conductor. Current   Speed of Electricity
Voltage: The rate at which energy is drawn from a source. Voltage
Watt: A unit of power. Watt
Ohm: A unit of electrical resistance equal to the resistance between two points on a Conductor when a potential difference of one volt between them produces a current of one ampere.  Ohm

What is Electricity? (youtube)    Electrostatic Discharge
Nikola Tesla   Nikola Tesla (youtube)   Build a Tesla Coil   Westinghouse (youtube 1:52:20)
Two men + two Tesla coils + special suits = ELECTRICITY FIGHT!  (youtube)   Lords of Lightning
Electric bacteria connect to form wires (youtube)    
Way To Splice Wires Manly-Man Skills: The Lineman Splice (youtube)
All About Circuits

Conductor    Superconductor    Room Temperature Superconductor    Vacuum   Magnetics

Insulator    Avogadro Constant    Voltage Regulator     Thermodynamics  
Electronics   Micro Electronics    Engineering    Low-Power Electronics    Polyphase System
Analogue Electronics   Digital Electronics  

Electronic Circuit    Electronic Component    Passive Component    Computer Components
Battery   Fuse   Diode   Capacitor   Transistor   Resistor   Inductor   Bridge   Connector   Sensor 

Failure Modes of Electronics    Failure Rate   Failure Analysis   Thermal Management of Electronics

Transmitter    Tuner    Radio Receiver    Fading    Signal-to-Noise Ratio
Ultrasound    Sound     Sound Localization    Voice    Vacuum    Magnetics    Music 

Frequency   Hertz    Sine Wave    Fundamental Frequency     Modulation

Radio Waves    Microwaves    Alpha Theta Beta

Vibration PDF    Good Vibrations: The Science of Sound (youtube)   Music for Plants Sonic Bloom
An oscillation of the parts of a fluid or an elastic solid whose equilibrium has been disturbed, or of an electromagnetic wave. A person's emotional state, the atmosphere of a place, or the associations of an object, as communicated to and felt by others. A distinctive emotional aura experienced instinctively. (physics) a regular periodic variation in value about a mean.
Vibration Wave
The process of oscillating between states.  Oscillation  PDF
A single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon
An interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs. Recur in repeating sequences
A periodically repeated sequence of events. Cause to go through a recurring sequence
The unit of frequency; one hertz has a periodic interval of one second.  
A single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon.  Patterns

Tools: Power Supply   Oscilloscope   Multimeter    Picotech    Transducer   
Science Tools

Electrician (wiki)  more professions 

Amprobe AT-7030 Advanced Wire Tracer Kit Traces wires in walls, ceilings, floors and corners
Locates breakers and fuses, Pinpoints shorts and opens.

"When we learned to Convert electricity into a Language, we realized that our potential is endless."
Mind over matter, because matter matters.


A machine for performing calculations automatically.  

Automation     Computer Documentaries     Technology Education     Computer Help / Code

Computer    Computer Literacy    Computer Science    Doctor of Computer Science    Software
CS Unplugged Computer Science without using computers     

Operating System   Program   Application    Instruction Set    Hypervisor     Virtual Machine
Human Centered Computing    Reversible Computing   Bioinformatics    Cloud Computing  Tools
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface     Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)

Bio-inspired Computing    Biological Computation    Computational Biology   Information
Model of Computation    Computer Simulation   Ubiquitous Computing   Parallel Computing  
Small tilt in magnets makes them viable memory chips

Super Computers
Supercomputer (wiki)   Titan    K Computer    Quantum Computer  Qubit   Artificial Intelligence
TOP 500 list of the World’s Top Supercomputers   ASC Sequoia   Darpa   iarpa  
Institute for Computational Cosmology

Exascale Computing a billion billion calculations per second.   Fiber Optics
Petascale Computing one quadrillion Floating Point operations per second.
A transistor stores a single “bit” of information.
If the transistor is “on,” it holds a 1, and if it’s “off,” it holds a 0.   Zero's and Ones
“qubit” can store a 0 and 1 simultaneously. (Superposition Principle, Quantum Annealing)

Programmer    Computer Programming    Semaphore  Procedure  Programming Style   Dynamic
Programming Language   List   Markup Language  Computer Languages   Formal Language
Object-Oriented Programming    Structured Programming    Algorithms     Coding
Data-Driven Programming   Data-Driven Testing   Information Management  Knowledge Management
Developer    HyperCard    Virtualization      Computer Multitasking   Multiprogramming
Conditional Programming   Exception Handling   Conditional Probability    Relevance Logic  
Multitier Architecture    Computer Architecture    Hardware Architecture   Architecture  Variable
Computer-Generated Imagery   Profiling    Innovation     Bilingual    Software as a Service 

Software / Development
Software Development   Agile Software Development   Software Release Life Cycle
Software Development Process   Develop Meaning    Computing Platform   Scrum
Mobile Application Development     A/B Testing    Computer Software   Regression Testing    Benchmark    Command Pattern    Compiled Language   Communications Protocol    Data
Interpreted Language    Iterative and incremental Development   OSI Model   Technology Stack

Abstraction Layer   Open Systems Interconnection    Enterprise Architecture Framework 
Enterprise Architecture    International Organization for Standardization   Matrix  Conceptual Model
Model-Driven Engineering    Model-Based Design   Structure   Interfaces

Software Architecture   Architectural Pattern    Software Design Pattern
Resource-Oriented Architecture   Representational State Transfer  (REST)  Programming Paradigm
Software Configuration Management 
Cucumber is a software tool that computer programmers use for testing other software.
Selenium  Apache Maven
Jwebunit software is a Java-based testing framework for web applications
Apache JMeter is an Apache project that can be used as a load testing tool for analyzing and measuring the performance of a variety of services, with a focus on web applications.

Learn to Code   Source Lines of Code    Source Code  
Binary Code    Bit   Byte    Megabyte
Assignment    Data Protection   Encryption    Algorithm    Machine Code   Code   Logic    Data    Human-Computer Interaction    Side Effects  Computer Virus
Hardware   How Does a Computer Work?   Printed Circuit Board   Circuit Board Components  Design 
Processor   Microprocessor    Multi-Core Processor   Central Processing Unit CPU  Coprocessor

555 timer IC    Semiconductor Design    Digikey    BIOS    Crystal Oscillator   Nand 2 Tetris
Clock Speed  Integrated Circuit   Silicon Photonics   Interfaces    Brain   Robots
Analog Chip   Transistor   Carbon Nanotube Field-effect Transistor
PC Maintenance Tips    Nimbula   Analog Signal   Digital Signal    Math Works    Learning Tools
Digital Displays  Digital Signage    7-Segment Display   9-Segment Display  14-Segment Display

Computer Network    Server    Proxy Server    Network Theory  Network Science   Network Science  Network Cultures   Network Monitoring   Network Management   Node   Network Packet   Coreos
Cluster Manager    Omega    Mesos    Network Administrator    Automated Server Infrastructures
Downstream Networking     Upstream Networking    Network Operating System    Matrix
Professional Services Networks     Value Network Analysis     Value Network   Cross Linking
Encapsulation Networking     Dynamic Network Analysis     Link Aggregation
Artificial Neural Network   Network Topology    Routing   Internet Connection Types   Fiber Optics
Social Networks    Collaborations     Internet   Search Engines    Information Literacy    Levels 

HomePNA Phone-Line Networking   Phone Network    Landline    Telephone    Ethernet
Tin Can Telephone (wiki)     Communicating Knowledge

Communication Law    Communications Act of 1934    Telecommunications Policy   Communications Protocol   Signal Corps    International Communications Law      Outline of Communication

Information and Communications Technology ICT   Unified Communications   Information Technology

Technology Tools     Math      Games   Human Operating System    Information Management   Computer History   
Online Computer Courses     Laptops for Learning       Engineering Design

"A Keen Impassioned Beauty of a Great Machine"....more


The science of Matter and Energy and their Interactions.
Physical Properties, Laws and PhenomenaChemistry

Physics   Particle Physics    Nuclear Physics   Muon     Subatomic Particle     Digital Physics
Mathematical Physics     Theoretical Physics    Plasma Physics     Astrophysics    Metaphysics

Quantum Mechanics / Quantum Physics / Quantum Theory    Quantum Electrodynamics

Space Group   Relativity Info-Graph    Correspondence Rule     Publications in Physics

Experimentalist   Theorist    5 Sigma    Confidence Interval    Standard Deviation

Resonance    Oscillation    Spatial Light Modulator    Frequencies   Torsion Tensor        
Interference Wave Propagation    Alternatives to General Relativity   Unified Field Theory  

Atom (wiki)   Diatomic Molecule  Baryon   
6.2 Introduction to Atomic Structure (youtube)   khanacademy Electron Configurations (video)
Strong Interaction    Nuclear Force    Electron Configuration
Atoms (youtube)    Atoms (youtube)   Particles

Atomic Theory    Atomism     
Antimatter     Positron   Antihydrogen   Dirac Equation
Standard Model  Pic   Quark  Fermion  Lepton  Boson  Higgs Boson   Particle Adventure  
Quark Gluon Plasma    Gluon    Dibaryon  Flavour    Strangelet    Alpha   Synchrotron

Phase (matter)    Dark Matter   Dark Energy   String Theory   Superstring theory
Supersymmetry   Space   Cosmological Constant    Singularity      Theory of Everything

Cosmic Ray   Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Ray     Electronvolt     Ionizing Radiation   Ionization

Mass Energy Equivalence  E=mc2  simple  
Mass and Energy are manifestations of the same thing?
Field Equation    Energy    Outline of Energy    Action Physics    Space   Electromagnetism

Dimensions     Shapes / Geometry / Dimensions     Holography    Spatial Intelligence

Correspondence Principle    Tevatron   Coherence   Copenhagen Interpretation    

Steric Effects   Planck Length    Reaction   Introduction to M-theory   M-theory

Types of Equilibrium    Renormalization              Physics Math

Energy   Light      Elements    Chemistry       Nano Technologies     Fusion     Biology
Science Kits  /  Science Tools      Telescopes      Computers     Electricity


Through the Wormhole (youtube)   Minute Physics (youtube)   Khan Physics (videos)
Open Letter to the President: Physics Education (youtube)      Nassim Haramein (youtube)
Tom Campbell (youtube)
Physics Classroom     Physics World    Physics    Institute of Physics     Physics 4 Kids

Quantum Levitation (youtube)    Order and Disorder     Veritasium (youtube)   Classical Mechanics
Quantum Tunnelling   Coherence   Quantum Decoherence    Quantum Biology 
Double-Slit Experiment    Wave Particle Duality   Wave Function Collapse   Light  
Super Position  SP   Quantum Zeno Effect    Quantum Entanglement   Zero-Point Energy

Everywhere and Nowhere at Once  Uncertainty Principle  Observer Effect  Heisenbug  Probe Effect 
Wheeler's Delayed Choice Experiment    Transactional interpretation   Neutrinos' Metamorphosis
De Broglie-Bohm Theory   Pilot Wave   Faraday Wave    Polarization Waves   Doppler Effect
Bouncing-Droplet Experiments   The pilot-wave dynamics of walking droplets (youtube)  
Schrodinger's Cat    Observations    David Bohm   Richard Feynman    Correspondence Problem

Computers act like human brains because human brains made computers. This does not mean that
machines can be humans
. No one created math, math was discovered because math already existed in nature. And just because math exists in nature does not mean that all life is a calculation. Life is like a Simulation because humans understand how simulations work and see the similarities in life.
This does not mean that life is a simulation. But what it does mean is that we are getting closer
to fully understanding how our universe works, and that we have more controls then we ever dreamed
about having. When people ask the wrong questions they can easily make inaccurate assumptions.
God Science: Episode One - The Simulation Hypothesis (youtube)

Does matter create mind or does mind create matter? Both. Matter creates the mind and the mind creates matter.   Mind & Matter    Dualism    Leggett-Garg Inequality

Logarithmic integral   Logarithm   Logarithmic Scale    Logarithmic Growth    Crystallization

Carbon Atom

If a single atom were the size of a football stadium
the Nucleus of the Atom would be the size of your eyeball, and the Electrons
circling the stadium would be invisible. An atom is 99.9% empty space.
The nucleus accounts for 99.9% of an Atom's Mass

Brownian Motion

Sound of an Atom
D-Note - 587.33 Hz

How many Atoms in a Single Drop of Water?

Atoms are so much smaller than the wavelength of visible light that the two don’t really interact.
Atoms are invisible to light itself. Even the most powerful light-focusing microscopes can’t visualize single atoms  Ionization
Atomic Force Microscopy

Gamma Spectroscopy identify atoms by detecting the energy of gamma rays
Crookes Tube

We have just worked out what atoms are, and we’ve realized that they are marvelously complex structures that can undergo amazing changes, many of which occur naturally. And by studying atoms this way, we’ve been able to improve our technologies, harness the energy of nuclear reactions and better understand the natural world around us. We’ve also been able to better protect ourselves from radiation and discover how materials change when placed under extreme conditions.

Nano Technology


Science Films

BBC The Story Of Science Power, Proof And Passion (youtube)    Cells
Richard Feynman: The Pleasure Of Finding Things Out
(video)    Sci-Show (youtube channel)
What is One Degree? (youtube)    Absolute Zero    Race for Absolute Zero (youtube)   Kelvin
Nottingham Science (youtube)    Science Under Attack BBC Horizon (youtube)   Tyler DeWitt         
The Genius of Britain (youtube)       Sixty Symbols (youtube)     K-12 Science (youtube
Award Winning Teen Age Science in Action (video) this is why teaching science is important
Laura Snyder; The Philosophical Breakfast Club (video)    E=Mc2 Einstein's Big Idea (youtube
Sixty Symbols (youtube)     
The Atom Smashers (PBS)    Atoms      Asap Science
TROM - 1.1 Science (youtube)    E. O. Wilson: Advice to Young Scientists (video)    Proto G
Tal Golesworthy: How I Repaired my own Heart (video)   Exstent   Aortic Root Support
Beau Lotto + Amy O'Toole: Science is for everyone, kids included (youtube)   Asap SCIENCE
Food Science • Liquid Nitrogen Under Vacuum • ChefSteps (youtube)    Veritasium (youtube)
Janet Iwasa: How Animations can help Scientists Test a Hypothesis (video)   Engineer Guy Video
Schlieren Optics optical technique that allows us to see small changes in the index of refraction
in air. Schlieren Photography (wiki)    DNews Channel (youtube)   Pure Science Specials (youtube)
The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms and Examples (youtube)   In a Nutshell – Kurzgesagt (youtube)

The Journal of Visualized Experiments Jove is a database of more than four thousand videos, with about eighty more added each month. They are usually between ten and fifteen minutes long, and they range in subject from biology and chemistry to neuroscience and medicine.

Science Videos should not be confusing
Rockwell Turbo Encabulator Version 2 (youtube)
Turboencabulator  The original machine had a base-plate of prefabulated amulite, surmounted by a
malleable logarithmic casing in such a way that the two spurving bearings were in a direct line with the pentametric fan. The main winding was of the normal lotus-o-delta type placed in panendermic semi-boloid slots in the stator, every seventh conductor being connected by a nonreversible trem'e pipe to the differential girdlespring on the 'up' end of the grammeters. Unilateral Phase Detractor.

Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science

Science News    Documentaries     Evolution       DNA / Genetics      Online Education Sources

Science Photo Library      Science Photos     Science Resources and Tools

Engineering  /  Design  /  Architecture

Engineering: The discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems. Plan and direct (a complex undertaking)     Ideas  Innovation 
Someone who can correctly calculate the load capacities of materials and assemble them correctly.
Design: Plan something for a specific role or purpose or effect. Create the design for; create or execute in an Artistic or highly skilled manner. Conceive or fashion in the mind; invent.
Architecture: The discipline dealing with the principles of design, construction and ornamentation
of fine buildings. Designing buildings and Environments with consideration for their Esthetic effect.

What are the differences between Design, Engineering and Art
?  Creativity 
Environmental Science
Can all 3 disciplines be combined without sacrificing health, science and Sustainability?

Engineer (wiki)      List of Engineering Branches (wiki)    

Teach Engineering   Try Engineering   

Electrical Engineering   Mechanical Engineering    Civil Engineering BOK   Geotechnical Engineering
Environmental Engineering   Technologist 
 Industrial Engineering    Mechanism Engineering
Engineering Principles    Similitude Model   Transformation Design    Human Factors Ergonomics
Principles and Practice of Engineering Exam / PE Exam   Fundamentals of Engineering Exam

Reliability Engineering    Safety Engineering   System Safety   Quality Control   Risk Management

Building Code (wiki)   Zoning   International Code Council    Public Codes   Types   Design Guides
International Association of Certified Home Inspectors    Home Inspection (wiki)
Building Performance (wiki)  Energy Monitoring   Building Science (wiki)   Construction Permit (wiki)
Fire Safety (PDF)   Fire Code (PDF)

Construction (wiki)    Building (wiki)    Location / Orientation     Structuring

Earthquake Resistant Structures (wiki)   Build an Earthquake Proof Building   Earthquake News
Earthquake Engineering Research Center    Earthquake Resistant Building
World's Largest Earthquake Test (youtube)
Energy Absorbing Structure
NS Honeycombs Demonstration (youtube)   Tech 21

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers     National Academy of Engineering    T.E.
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers     Pritzker Architecture Prize    Arch 2o
Element 14 online community specifically for engineers     Center for Advanced Engineering

General Contractors     Management     Cybernetics (wiki)

Building Model    Architectural Model  3D   Origamic    Scale Model   Building Blocks   Design

Architecture    Architectural Engineering     Architecture  Articulation    Structural Engineering
Architectural Theory   Outline of Architecture
Proportion    Form Follows Function   Deflection   Tuned Mass Damper
Building Commissioning    Energy   City Planning   Green Building    Hakerspace
Building Information Modeling  ACE Mentor   Engineering Process Outsourcing   

Architecture and Vision     Passivity Engineering     American Institute of Architects
Arch Kidecture

Stone Working
Bricklayer    Masonry    Stonemasonry    Professions
Guastavino Arches (youtube)    Guastavino Tile    Masonry Institute    Union of Bricklayers

Construction Craft Worker Foundations Program (youtube)    Vocational Training    Scaffolding
Architectural Model Building Kits     Aerodynamics   
Architectural Display Glass (youtube Matrix

Wood Working

Carpentry    Joinery   Woodworking   Framing    Timber Framing    Home Building     Boat Building
Traditional Joints (youtube)    Woodworking Joints   Bridle Joint  
"Measure twice, cut once"        
Oak tree is turned into a traditional post and rung stool (video)  Wooden Wheel making, wheelwrights
Woodworking Tips & Techniques: Joinery - Strength of Glue Joints (youtube)    Wood Saw

Metal Working

Steel Frame    Welding    Friction Welding   Screw Thread   Tools   Skyscrapers around the World

Metal and Plastic Machine Workers       Foundry Mold and Coremakers    Metal Working
Winding Machine   Textile   Conveyor System    Composites

Molding (process)    Injection Molding    Plastic   Thermoplastic    Metal    Materials Science
Chemistry      Thermosetting Polymer   Thermoset Polymer Matrix     Thermodynamics
Recyclable, Strong Thermosets and Organogels via Paraformaldehyde Condensation with Diamines
Casting   Biodegradable Plastic   Graphene    Synthetic Resin    Resin    3-D Printing
Thermosetting Polymer     Resin Casting   Plastic Injection Molding (youtube, Bill Hammack, UI)

Strength of Materials
Span Limits Calculator    Structural Load    Ultimate Tensile Strength   Strength of Materials
Vehicle Payload Capacities     Tensile Strength Calculator   Tensiometer (surface tension)
Young's Modulus   Shapes
Honeycomb Structure    Disaster Proof Architecture Structures   Strong Structure Shapes
Structural Health Monitoring     Magnifying Motion (youtube)   Goethite   Pascal Unit

Automation    Automaton    Mechanization    Robotics   Robot Building    Machine to Machine 

Pneumatics    Hydraulics    Hydraulic Cylinder
    Machine   Mechanics    Cars     Computers
Manufacturing   Technology     Product Lifecycle   QC     Autonomous 

Drawings  /  Blueprints  /  Design Software
Technical Drawing    Blueprint    Visual Maps   Graphs / Plots   Computer Simulation
Digital Mockup    Solid Modeling   Autodesk   3D-Printing    Drawing Board    Sketch Up

List of Computer-Aided Design Software   Computer-Aided Design   Design Engineer 
Auto-Cad   CAD    Pro-E    Micro-Station    Mach 3 / Lazy-Cam    G-Code     Project-Wise
Industrial Design     Emergent Design      Engineers Without Borders (wiki)   Engineering  Harvard
Design Controls     Quality Assurance      Math Works 

Metal Fabrication   Prefabrication    Forging / Casting    Zero Waste    Heavy Tool Arm
Taig CNC Mills     Numerical Control    Milling Machine   Math   Human Interactivity   Pascal
Plasma Cutting Machine    Laser Cutting   Water Jet Cutter  
Machine Shop Equipment    Machine Tool    Machining   Machinist    Science Tools
Gauge   Micrometer    
Pneumatic Tool    Impact Wrench    Power Tool       
Motor Controls   Vocabulary Tools   Welding / Construction
Easy Way to Read a Tape Measure (youtube)    Wood Working                 

E Machine Shop Design and order Custom Parts.  Failure Criteria    Communication
E Plans   Building Cost   Owner Builder    Total Take Offs    Home Plans

Hand Tools List (wiki)   Metalworking Tools   Farm Tools and Equipment    Tools Info-Graph

"There's pretty and then there's practicable, but if you can make practicable pretty, then that's even better."

Usable for a specific purpose. Capable of being done with means at hand and circumstances as they are.

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What Math Skills Are Needed to Become an Engineer?

Basic Arithmetic
All math is based on the idea that 1 plus 1 equals 2, and 1 minus 1 equals 0. Multiplication and division --2 times 2 and 4 divided by 2 -- are variations used to avoid multiple iterations of either subtraction or addition. One example of an engineer's use of basic arithmetic is the civil engineer's calculations for describing water flow across an open basin. The flow is reckoned in cubic feet per second, or Q, where Q equals the runoff coefficient times the intensity of the rain for a specified period, times the area of the basin. If the runoff coefficient is 2, the intensity, in inches of rain, is 4 and the basin -- a specified area of land -- is 1/2 acre, the engineer's formula resembles this: (2x4)/(.5x43,560), or 8/21,780. The result, 0.0003673, is the volume of water, in cubic feet per second, flowing across the land.    Math Knowledge    Next Generation Science Standards

Algebra and Geometry
When several of the factors of a problem are known and one or more are unknown, engineers use Algebra, including differential equations in cases when there are several unknowns. Because engineers work to arrive at a solution to a physical problem, Geometry -- with its planes, circles and angles -- determines such diverse things as the torque used to turn a wheel, and reduces the design of a roadway's curve to an accurate engineering or construction drawing.   

Trigonometry is the science of measuring triangles. Engineers may use plane trigonometry to determine the size of an irregularly shaped parcel of land. It may also be used or to determine the height of an object based solely on the distance to the object and the angle, up or down, from the observer. Spherical trigonometry is used by naval engineers in ship design and by mechanical engineers working on such arcane projects as the design of mechanical hand for an underwater robot.

We all love statistics. They tell us where we stand in the world, among our peers and even in our family. They tell us who's winning. The engineer uses them for the same reasons -- by statistical analysis of the design, the engineer can tell what percentage of a design will need armor or reinforcement or where any likely failures will occur. For the civil engineer, statistics appear as the concentration of rainfall, wind loads and bridge design. In many locations, engineers designing drainage systems must design for a 50- or 100-year storm in their calculations, a significant change from the normal rain concentration.

Calculus is used by engineers to determine rates of change or rates by which factors, such as acceleration or weight, change. It might tell NASA scientists at what point the change in a satellite's orbit will cause the satellite to strike an object in space. A more mundane task for calculus might be determining how large a box must be to accommodate a specific number of things. An engineer who designs packaging, for example, might know that a product of a certain weight must be packaged in groups of no more than 10 because of their weight. Using calculus, he can calculate both the optimum number of objects per box, plus the optimum size of the box.    Math Skills needed to become an Engineer

Do Patents Encourage Innovation or do they Stifle Innovation


Science is a method for learning, learning about ourselves and the world around us by using processes, procedures, testing methods, tools, skills and accumulated knowledge. This understanding helps us predict future outcomes so that we can make better decisions. Science is also used to create complex tools, which in return gives us the ability to create even more complex tools and create even more complex machines, thus we learn even more. Science is also a process for discovering, which everyone can benefit from. But the greatest power of science is that anyone can be a contributor to this valuable knowledge resource, as millions have done in our past. And millions of people can also benefit from this knowledge, whether they're living in the present or people who will be living in our future. So all this accumulated knowledge becomes the building blocks of new discoveries and new understandings. Not just progressing our advances in technologies, but progressing our understanding of ourselves, so we can be more aware and make better choices and make better decisions. Another benefit from science is that, if and when things do change, we can use our knowledge and tools to react accordingly instead of just suffering from the changes in our world, or suffer from the changes in ourselves. So science is also part early warning system, but only if it is used effectively and efficiently. Just experiencing something doesn't guarantee that you will understand it, or learn from it, or benefit from it. That is why knowledge is so extremely important, because knowledge helps us understand our experiences a lot better. You have to see inward as well as see outward. Science does not define reality or define what is perceived to be real, science only defines cause and effect, which for now is extremely important to everyone. Just because we know how something works does not mean that we actually know "why" it works, or do we fully understand the dangers, because we don't know everything. We're learning more and we're learning faster. We're communicating more and we're communicating faster. But we're not efficient or effective enough in order to benefit from our increased speed. So science needs to solve this problem before we waste this momentum and miss our chance in creating a better world for everyone. Sometimes if you're moving too fast you may fly past important information that you need in order to understand something. But luckily, Science doesn't only speed up our ability to learn, science can also be used to slow us down, so that we can see more details and become more aware, so that we can make better choices and make better decisions. But just like every tool in our world, tools can be misused. So science must explain the proper uses of our technologies and the proper uses of our accumulated knowledge. Science must also explain the dangers of misusing our tools by creating a good Operators Manuals and good Instruction Manuals that anyone can understand. Remember, science does not know everything, but what science does know is extremely important and extremely valuable.

"If we don't keep moving forward, we'll end up having to start all over, again."

Why we need more Scientists
The internet has made us aware of all kinds of possibilities in the science world. We have discovered so much. This is one of the main reasons why we need more scientists. We need more people researching all these new discoveries that we are making everyday. So much more needs to be understood in order for us to effectively utilized all this knowledge. It's a gold mine.
Science in the Classroom   Teachers Science Lesson Plans

Scientifically Literate Person is defined as one who has the capacity to:
Understand experiment and reasoning as well as basic scientific facts and their meaning.
Makes informed decisions and Communicates clearly using science.
Understands the fundamental concepts of Earth’s many systems, environmental and social issues.
Knows how to find and assess scientifically credible information about Earth.
Ask, find, or determine answers to questions derived from curiosity about everyday experiences.
Describe, explain, and predict natural phenomena. Explain phenomena scientifically – recognize, offer and evaluate explanations for a range of natural and technological phenomena.
Read with Understanding articles about science in the popular press and to engage in social conversation about the validity of the conclusions. Interpret data and evidence scientifically – analyze and evaluate data, claims and arguments in a variety of representations and draw appropriate scientific conclusions. Media Literacy
Identify scientific issues underlying national and local decisions and express positions that are scientifically and technologically informed.
Evaluate the quality of scientific information on the basis of its source and the methods used to generate it. Evaluate and design scientific inquiry – describe and appraise scientific investigations and propose ways of addressing questions scientifically.
Pose and evaluate arguments based on evidence and to apply conclusions from such arguments appropriately.

Next Generation Science Standards

We have discovered Order in our universe, but that does not say that order is present everywhere or that Order is always a Constant, so we must always proceed with caution and care.

Do not Accept or Reject claims at Face Value, but withhold Judgment until Sufficient Evidence is available to make a decision, if time is allowed.   Certainty    Reasoning    Empirical    Pseudoscientific    Skeptic  Skeptic    Skepticism    Questioning    Randomized Controlled Trial    Scientific Misconceptions   Didaskalogenic  
Beliefs   Science Fraud and Corruption

You don't have to be a Physicist or a Rocket Scientist in order to use Scientific Methods. These skills are very useful for anyone who cares about improving themselves or improving their surroundings. Science will also increase a persons awareness about themselves and the world, exposing a sea of possibilities.

"Science may not have all the answers, but it will help you to understand things a little better, so that maybe you will find the answers that you need. This is what we found to be true, but every situation is different, so it might not be true for you."

I'm Bilingual, but my other Language is an unspoken language, it's called Computer Programming Language. I use symbols and characters to communicate instructions to computerized machines. But they are more then just machines. Computers are one of the most incredible tools that man has ever made, besides language. Computers are an extension of human intelligence. Computers provide us with more processing abilities and more memory capacities then any other time in human history. These computerized machines are humans analytical partner that aids us in understanding ourselves, and our world. Humans quest for knowledge now has a powerful tool, a tool that gives us endless potential. And with the internet, we can now for the first time combine the collective wisdom, knowledge and experiences of millions of people from all over the world. We no longer need to depend on one country, or on one leader, or on one government. Because we now have the collective strength of each other. And together we will create a better world for everyone. So, what does your language do?    Zero's and Ones, On or Off.

"When you can Convert Atoms into a Language, you can do almost anything, like communicate to the Universe."

Are you sure that the instruments that you're using are calibrated? And do you know that the calibration may not be part of the equation? Calibration is a reference point. So the reference needs to be defined. So the first question is "What is this in reference to?"   Don't forget to Calibrate the Calibrator

Work Station Data Monitoring

 Nano, The Next Dimension

Dr. Wade Adams: Nanotechnology and the Future of Energy (youtube 30:41 ) 
FORA.tv Technology Season 2 Episode 16 | Aired: 10/25/2012

Nanotechnology (wiki)  Controlling matter at the Nano Scale. Making small stuff do big things.  

Buckminster Fullerene (C60) 1985    Bravais Lattice    Molecular Engineering    Nanoengineering (wiki)    Crystal Structure

Nanometer 10 to the minus 9 meters. Hair is a hundred thousand nanometers thick.   Nanoparticle Size Dependent Properties
Gigameter is the size of the orbit of the moon around earth.

World's Smallest Electric Motor: Sykes Group Tufts (youtube)    Metallic Microlattice  Youtube

Nano-Robotics (wiki)   Micro-Robotics    Microbotics (wiki)     Harvard    Single Atom Transistor (youtube)      Nano News   

Nanoscale Heat Engine Beyond the Carnot Limit (Nano Engine made from a Single Atom)

Nano Technologies      Nano Archive      Nano Electronics     Nano Tube Carbon     Nanographene     

Institute for Integrative Nanosciences (IIN)

Gary Greenberg: The Beautiful Nano Details of our World (youtube)       Jonathan Trent    Nano Hub 

Nanodot (wiki)   Store Dot     Oxygen Gas-Filled Micro-Particles Provide Intravenous Oxygen Delivery

Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistor      Nano-Engineering       Utility Fog (wiki)


Molecules Spinning Gif      

Tiny Machines are already living in Humans, Naturally

Humans also consist of trillions of electrochemical machines that somehow coordinate their intricate activities in ways that allow our bodies and minds to function with the required reliability and precision. 400 million Ribosomes could fit in a single period at the end of a sentence.  

Adenosine Triphosphate the "molecular unit of currency" of intracellular Energy Transfer
Drew Berry: Animations of Unseeable Biology (video)  
Molecular Machine (wiki)
Microtubule (wiki)
Janet Iwasa: How Animations can help Scientists Test a Hypothesis (video)   Receptor-Mediated Endocytosis
The Human Robot - vpro backlight (youtube timeline 33 min. mark)
Siddhartha Mukherjee: Soon we'll cure diseases with a cell, not a pill ((video)
Programming of Life - Intelligent Design or Evolution?

Machines that you swallow and then poop out.
PillCam minimally invasive tool that gives your doctor a direct view of the inside of your colon.  Vital Sense   Vitals

Building Blocks of Life    Self-Replicating Machine    Human Energy

Enzymes are like those giant robots. They grab one or two pieces, do something to them, and then release them. Once their job is done, they move to the next piece and do the same thing again. They are little protein robots inside your cells. The robot that was designed to move a car door can't put brakes on the car. The specialized robot arms just can't do the job. Enzymes are the same. They can only work with specific molecules and only do specific tasks. Because they are so specific, their structure is very important. If only one amino acid of the enzyme is messed up, the enzyme might not work. It would be as if someone unplugged one of the cords in a robot.



Science Resources and Information

Union of Concerned Scientists
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Engineering TV
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Open Access to 1,050,751 e-prints in Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science, Quantitative Biology, Quantitative Finance and Statistics
Science News

Science that studies living organisms. Characteristic life processes and Phenomena of living Organisms. Cells
All the Plant and Animal life of a particular region.
Physiology (wiki)

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Green Building

Playing God (youtube)
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Biological Engineering (wiki)
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Biopunk (wiki)
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Genetics   DNA

Information Resources

Space Websites




Science Tools  /  Science Equipment  /  Fairs

Little Devices Science Kits
Science Tools and Science Equipment
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Home Training Tools
Backyard Brains Neuroscience experiment kits,
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Scientifics Online
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Radio Shack DIY
Kinoma Create
Learn to Code
Electronic Modules for Prototyping and Play  Makey Makey
Clip-it using plastic bottle caps to make molecules
Conductive Ink (wiki)   Bare Conductive
Kate Stone: DJ Decks made of Paper (video)
Infento Rides
Games and Toys for Learning
DIY Kit for the Connected Life
Elemental Scientific
E Science Labs
Science Buddies
Lab Tests

Science Toys for Learning
Using Toys to Teach Physics
Educational Toys

Spare Parts
Surplus Center
Apex Electronic
Norton Sales Inc
Computer Components

Microscopes / Seeing Small Things
Optical Microscope   Digital Microscope    Microscopy
SCiO: Molecular Sensor, Optical Sensor, Spectrometer
Spectrometer (wiki)   Photoresistor (wiki)
Photoelectric Sensor (wiki)   Position Sensor (wiki)
Eppendorf Tubes
Turn Your Smartphone Into a Digital Microscope (youtube)
Electron Microscope   Atomic Force Microscopy
Scanning Probe Microscopy
Scanning Tunneling Microscope
LatticeLight-Sheet Microscopy  Video
Light Sheet Fluorescence Microscopy (wiki)

Ideas  /  Innovation

Work Shops
Tech Shop
TechShop (wiki)
Rulof Italian Maker (youtube)
Cesar Harada: How I teach kids to love science (video)
Generator Vermont

Hub Space
Workshop (wiki)
National Lab Network
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Google Science Fair
Robotics  /  Robots
Young Scientist Challenge 2013: Peyton Robertson (youtube)
Young Scientist Challenge
My Potato Project; The Importance of "Organic" (youtube)
Chlorpropham (wiki)   EPA Factsheet (pdf)
Science Festivals
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Jove: Journal of Visualized Experiments
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American Chemical Society
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Environmental Contaminates

Consumer Safety

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Nano Technologies

Cold Fusion

Nuclear Files
Natural Sciences Academy


Scirus Search Engine 

P-Tech, Pathways in Technology 

Microsoft Graphics Touch Effects

Technology News

Science Education


Arduino Starter Kit

ARDX Arduino Starter Kit
Experimentation Kit for Arduino (Uno R3) - v1.3
Tackle 13 Different Projects w/ This Fully-Stocked Beginner's Toolkit

Tinylab: Prototype asier than ever     PC Boards Components

Top of Page

Evolution  /  Intelligent Design

Creationism (wiki)   ET   Intelligent Design     Evolution      Natural Selection      Anomalistics     Phylogenetics    Genealogy   

Don't confuse Life with Evolution, or confuse Evolution with Adaptation. Though they are related in certain ways those are three different things with different definitions that are not 100 percent defined.  

Timeline of the Universe and Earth

Biogenesis, Abiogenesis or Spontaneous Generation?     Star Trek III The Search for Spock (youtube)    Anthropic Principle

Exogenesis Panspermia     Astrobiology     Lazarus Taxon   Iteration     Endemism   

Evolution is about Natural Selection and the Adaptation of Species, because those are facts that can be explained and understood by most people. Evolution does not explain where species originate from, or how life starts, that would be Physics.

Why are Mutations thought to be part of the evolutionary process?  (Mutation Rate)     Point Accepted Mutation (wiki)
Pure Nature Specials - Mutation - The Science of Survival (youtube)   Morphology (biology)      Genes    Traits / Heredity

DNA mutation is less frequent, less than 1%, where a  SNP Mutation is more frequent.   Synonymous Substitution (wiki)
DNA is constantly subject to mutations, accidental changes in its code. Mutations can lead to missing or malformed proteins, and that can lead to disease.    Khan Academy: Different Types of Mutations (video)    DNA

DNA: point mutations, frame shift mutation   Protein: non-sense mutation, missense mutation 
RNA: conservative mutation, non-conservative mutation

Irreducible Complexity     Irreducible Complexity (youtube)     Genetic Variation     Genetic Drift      Epigenetics    

A process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage. (especially a more advanced or mature stage)
(biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms.
Devolution (wiki)

Coming to full development; becoming mature (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically;  Develop
A purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level.

Falsifying Phylogeny (youtube)    Parsimony      Phylogeny Archive      Arizona Tree of Life Web Project    Binary Fission

Phylogenetic Tree     Phylogenetic Network     Molecular Phylogenetics      Molecular Systematics    

Darwin's Dilemma  500 Million years ago was the Cambrian Explosion

Transitional Fossils   The Missing Link   Richard Dawkins: Intermediate Fossils (youtube)  

Descriptive Complexity Theory    Evolution of Biological Complexity      Earth Botany

Most Animals Start out the Same Way, but they never end the same way.    Horizontal Gene Transfer

Atavism    Coccyx    Human Vestigiality    Divergent Evolution     Chromosomes     DNA  /  Genes

"Yes, humans are still animals, but humans have an amazing Brain, we either use it or lose it, now that's evolution."   Dollo 


Humanoid Evolution

Richard Dawkins: Why are there still Chimpanzees? - Nebraska Vignettes #2 (youtube)
Richard Dawkins: Comparing the Human and Chimpanzee Genomes - Nebraska Vignettes #3  (youtube)

2 million years ago, early humans were established and had split into at least two species: Homo Habilis and Homo Rudolfensis

Isochron Burial Dating uses Radioisotopes oldest hominid skeletons ever dated at 3.67 million years old   Radionuclide (wiki)

Chimpanzee Human last Common Ancestor (wiki)     


“Change is not merely necessary to life - it is life.”  Alvin Toffler 

"Knowing what you're made out of does not explain how you were made....Knowing E=mc2 does not fully explain what energy is, or does it explain what matter is, or what light is. So what do we know?"

Yes we know animals evolve or adapt because we have evidence. But you can’t prove that new species evolve from other species. Why would a lizard want to evolve into a horse? And why didn't Dinosaurs eventually grow brains within 160 million years? Yes those are stupid questions, but that's where it all starts.  Cope's Rule (wiki)
When something doesn't make sense it means you don't have all the information, so what's missing? Just because animals share the same Genes does not mean that one animal evolved from the other animal, it simply means that they share the same building blocks of Life. So what causes these little variations, like the variations we see in humans? Is it a combination of a Variable and a Fractal? Is evolution part Physics?     Homology   

Evolution has a hard time proving Diversity or Variety. (Cambrian Explosion)  We also have some species staying the same for millions of years while other species in the same time period evolving or Adapting. Something's just appear, so where did they originate from? And somehow, even through Mass Extinctions, life still found a way to survive in some form. And after each Mass Extinction, life never returns in the same way that it was before. So it doesn't look like a normal process of life, it kind of looks like someone or something is trying something new, like some form of Intelligence trying to define itself. There are huge gaps of missing information. Both religious and non-religious people love to fill those gaps with their beliefs. But if I had a choice of filling the gap of missing information with something, I would rather say that it was God then to say that it was nothing. Not that I would, but I do understand why some people would say that.
I mean, who would want to be considered just a freak of nature.
Just because you can’t explain something now doesn’t mean that you never will. Believing you know the answer is different from actually knowing the answer. Plus we only have one planet that we know of where life exists
. So from a science point of view, having only one example of life can never be hard evidence and that this is just the normal process of life. To me this is a silly argument and I take no sides in this discussion. Both sides have good claims, good points and good theories. Even though this is a healthy discussion that needs more looking into I can’t help to know that we have more important and more urgent problems that need to be addressed. This is a distraction but we will come back to this. Maybe evolution is just another form of consciousness or some form of intelligence that we are unable to comprehend. Maybe evolution is God’s work? Who else could have figured out that the only way you can have a sustaining planet is to give plants and animals the ability to evolve, adapt and to flourish. If you don’t adapt you die. And that is exactly where humans are today. Evolution has given all of us some extremely valuable information that Cause and Effect is real and that Cause and Effect should not be ignored. Everyone should just stick with the facts. Evolution does not explain everything and Religion does not explain everything, so why are we so threatened by someone else's beliefs? As long as no one ever stops asking questions, no one should ever fear or feel threatened by other peoples beliefs. The most important thing is that we keep sharing information and keep documenting our world. You should never claim that you have all the answers. If you are stubborn and selfish with your beliefs then the message you are trying to convey will only distort information and confuse people into believing that there are no more questions to ask. And that is simply a crime against humanity. A good documentary to watch is War on Science. People are overreacting in this film but I understand their passion. Another example of people overreacting is in a film called “The Shape of Life” from PBS. This film has great information but it's kind of ruined because they pretend to know the answers of evolution. These are the kinds of things we need to stop doing if we are going to educate people and secure our species survival. A better film to watch is Miracle Planet. To me it seems that a single cell is intelligent life. How and why? I don't know.

So what's wrong with saying "I don't know? "Teaching evolution is not bad, what's bad is how you teach evolution and how it's understood by people. The same thing with religion, teaching religion is not bad, it's how you teach Religion and how it's understood." If evolution is information evolving, and if God is information, then I guess you're both right.
This is just another Human Transition, maybe evolution and intelligent design are the same thing?....Can I go now?

"You can't prove that God does not exist, or can you prove that God does exist. We should stick with the things that we can prove and save the things that we cannot prove for later time. Because if we don't solve our greatest problems, that we all face, we will never live to see God, or live to see if there isn't a God."

"It is difficult to understand how anyone can believe that the Nervous System, particularly the brain, could have been produced by evolutionary randomness and selection. We have barely touched on some of the electrical design present in the rest of the body. The truth is that scientists are always discovering more about its workings, since its complexity, which far surpasses anything produced by man, is nothing short of a miracle. Truly we can say with David, “I will praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; Your works are marvelous and my soul knows it very well”      (Psalm 139:14). (Craig Savige)     Modern Humans

"Whether you believe that evolution or God designed our brain doesn't really matter, what matters is that you never ignore the human brains enormous potential, and its weaknesses. The knowledge that we have acquired about the human brain is invaluable. So knowing who or what made it will not be as important as learning how the brain works and learning how effectively we can use its power. So when we finally do figure out who or what made us, it will not come to us as some big surprise, because after all, we have brains."     "Thank God my brain is smarter then I am."

"God has reasons for doing things, and evolution has reasons too, and if God created evolution, then evolution can't be wrong."

"I couldn't even imagine being anything else but human. Human to me is the greatest way to experience life. And when we imagine what other life from other planets looks like, that makes me even prouder, because the human form to me is the most enjoyable machine a person could ever design. I couldn't even dream of a better human. Some people would say a human with wings, or a human with superman powers. But we already have those because of the machines that we will built."

If you didn't have what you needed to know what you were missing, then how would you evolve into it? I know information is some form of intelligence, what I don't know is how did information see when it didn't have what was needed to see what it didn't have?
I think that humans take for granted that our way of seeing through the eyes is the only form of sight.

"I'm the evolutionary result of a seed that was born thousands of years ago, and yet it feels like the first time being alive."

Some people believe that 10 million years ago that some of the monkeys changed their diet just enough to evolve into humans. Though I fully understand the importance of nutrition and how diet can improve appearance and health, I'm having a little trouble understanding just what nutritional substances can cause a species body to change and grow a better brain? I'm positive we can repeat this theory. We just need to start feeding monkeys better food and lets see what happens. Of course it will take many life times to see the results, but we should start seeing some changes, maybe Planet of the Apes?   Humanzee    Devolution

We know the about the negative effects from a poor nutritional diet and isolation, children are smaller and less developed, just like early man. Does that mean that only a man can grow into man. Humans evolved from humans? This is like finding out that your father is not your real father. Welcome to the party.

Monkey Shines    Project X    Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov    The World's Smartest Apes (youtube)  Chimpanzee, Gorilla, or Orangutan?

And since we have evidence and experience in knowing that some Miracles can actually be explained, we still have to keep trying to understand our world. We have enough evidence to prove that our increased understanding of the world has benefited us in many ways. Not to say that it was Perfect, But at least we are definitely more aware of our possibilities and of our human potential.

"It's not the strongest of species that survives, nor the most intelligent, but the one most adaptable to change."
 Charles Darwin
          Michael Archer: How we'll Resurrect the Gastric Brooding Frog the Tasmanian Tiger (video)

People didn't have enough information and knowledge years ago that was needed in order to explain complex ideas and concepts. But now we do, and we can be more precise. Not that we can fully explain all knowledge correctly to all people, but at least we know now that the acquisition of more knowledge is always needed to further our understanding and also to help to explain knowledge so that more people can understand. The mistake that most people make is that they believed that all knowledge is known, so they make assumptions instead of realizing that more knowledge, information and research is needed. So not only do we have more knowledge and information today, we also have the intelligence to know that more knowledge and information is always needed. So we can now make less assumptions, make less mistakes, and we never assume that we know everything, thus we keep learning.

"I wouldn't want to assume that life started on this planet. I'm just saying that life had to start somewhere. Where and how, I don't know? But I hope we find out, because that would be an incredible story. We know that our galaxy was not the first galaxy born in our universe. So we may have brothers and sisters, some we may never know? But my guess is, that we will find our siblings, because everything usually leaves some kind of a trace."

Trace: A just detectable amount. An indication that something has been present. A visible mark (as a footprint) left by the passage of person or animal or vehicle. Discover traces of. Follow, discover, or ascertain the course of development of something
To go back over again. Pursue or chase relentlessly.
Detect: Discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of.
Indication: A datum about some physical state that is presented to a user by a meter or similar instrument


(wiki)    Cells Poster    Building Blocks of Life       Cells (youtube)     The Human Cell (youtube)       The Cell (youtube)

Microorganisms     Metaorganisms      Bacteria       Primordial Soup      Archaea    Eukaryote      Prokaryote

Complex Archaea that bridge the gap between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes    Biology     Pyramid of Complexity    Machines

Prokaryote Cell


Dormancy (wiki)   Glass formation in plant anhydrobiotes: survival in the dry state
Cytoplasmic viscosity near the cell plasma membrane: measurement by evanescent field frequency-domain microfluorimetry.
Microfluorimetry (wiki)    Intracellular glasses and seed survival in the dry state

"Life has been using a standard set of 20 Amino Acids to build Proteins for more than 3 billion years"  ~ Quoted by Stephen J. Freeland of the NASA Astrobiology Institute at the University of Hawaii.

How did the chemistry of simple carbon-based molecules lead to the information storage of ribonucleic acid, or RNA? The RNA molecule must store information to code for proteins. (Proteins in biology do more than build muscle — they also regulate a host of processes in the body.)    List of interstellar and circumstellar molecules       Hypertrophy

Swapped human genes into the genetic code used by common yeast cells found that the cells could continue to function and grow.  Systematic humanization of yeast genes reveals conserved functions and genetic modularity

"Bacteria looks the same as bacteria of the same region from 2.3 billion years ago—and that both sets of ancient bacteria are indistinguishable from modern sulfur bacteria found in mud off of the coast of Chile."


Six Kingdoms Tree of Life



Tree of Life (wiki)     Great Chain of Being (wiki)       Porphyrian Tree (wiki)     Open Tree     Open Tree of Life

Pyramid of Complexity     Connected      Associations      Building Blocks of Life      Mind Maps




The First Integrated Circuit  (September 12th, 1958)

The First Microchip Handmade in 1958 by Jack Kilby

The First Apple Computer (1976)

First Apple Computer 1976

Worlds Smallest Computer Michigan Micro Mote (M3)      Computer History Films



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Body Language

Information Literacy
Analyzing Information
Processing Information
Acquiring Information
Knowledge Management
Independent Learning
Media Literacy
Social Awareness

Information Technology
Internet Knowledge
Human Search Engine

Problem Solving
Decision Making
Independent Learning
Chemistry / Lab
Tools / Machines
Green Building

Human Development
Child Development
Physical Health
Sleeping / Memory
Nutrition / Food
Mental Health
Know Thyself
Self Smart
People Smart
Human Sexuality
Social Awareness
Environment Awareness
DrugsHerbs / Poisons

Learning / Teaching
Learning Methods
Independent Learning
Processing Information
Knowledge Management
Focus / Self Control
Learning Games
Human Operating System

Simultaneous Subject Teaching

Video Instructions

Learning Purposes



Subjects / Courses




Study Tips
Information Sources
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Government Websites
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