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Science


Science is establishing facts through investigations and research. Understanding causes and effects and the nature of Reality. Science can cover a lot of different subjects, so depending on the type of science that you are studying, each one will require a unique set of skills that you need to learn, and you will also have to study areas of knowledge that are focused on a particular subject.

What is Science?
Science Tools

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Science Types:





Research:
Systematic Investigation to establish Facts. A search for Knowledge. Inquire into. Questioning
Gathering Knowledge about Nature and Organizing and Condensing that Knowledge into testable laws and theories. Ability to produce Solutions in some Problem Domain. Research into questions posed by scientific Theories and Hypotheses.   

Prove it to be true. Prove it to be false.
How necessary is it to prove? 
What are your Priorities?


Constructing a Multiple Baseline Graph using MS Excel and Word (youtube)
Scientific Poster Presentation Sample
Mind Maps - Visual Reorientations
Scientific Modeling


Scientific Procedure:
Define a Question. 
Models of Scientific Inquiry
Hypothesis
Theory
The Five W's and an H
Gather Information and Resources
Evaluation is a systematic determination of a subject's merit, worth and significance, using criteria governed by a set of standards.
Observation is the active acquisition of information from a primary source.
Research comprises "creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.
Formulate
Form an Explanatory Hypothesis  (Construct)
Prediction
Orders of Approximation
Test the Hypothesis by Performing an Experiment and Collecting Data in a Reproducible Manner.
Analyze the Data and Results.
Data Analysis is a process of inspecting, cleaning, transforming, and modeling data with the goal of discovering useful information, suggesting conclusions, and supporting decision-making. Data analysis has multiple facets and approaches, encompassing diverse techniques under a variety of names, in different business, science, and social science domains.
Evidence is anything presented in support of an assertion.
Proof Reading
Meanings
Interpret the Data and Draw Conclusions that may serve as a starting point for new Hypothesis.
Publish Results
(Feedback - Opinions)
Peer Review
Systematic Review
Fact Checker
Retest (Confirm Hypothesis)
Repeatability 
Yes or No?

Please note that scientific methods will vary depending on the subject that you are analyzing. The procedures, techniques and equipment used in testing and verifying information will vary. Depending on what you're testing, some methods are more dependable then other methods, so there could be several variables that need to be defined first.

Scientific Study
Scientific Method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, based on empirical or measurable evidence that is subject to the principles of logic and reasoning.
Observational Study draws inferences about the possible effect of a treatment on subjects, where the assignment of subjects into a treated group versus a control group is outside the control of the investigator.
Randomized Controlled Trial is a type of scientific experiment, often in the medical field, where the people being studied are randomly allocated one of the different treatments.

Instructions:

Describing how something should be done. Giving directions on how to complete a task.
Operators Manuals
Instruction Manuals
Process constructing an accurate, reliable, repeatable model of the real world.
Process is a set of interrelated activities that interact to achieve a result.
A particular course of action intended to achieve a result. A mental process that you are not directly aware of. Subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition. Deal with in a routine way. Perform mathematical and logical operations on (data) according to programmed instructions in order to obtain the required information. Shape, form, or improve a material.
Formulas is a concise way of expressing information symbolically as in a mathematical or chemical formula.

Procedure:
A particular course of action intended to achieve a result. A process or series of acts especially of a practical or mechanical nature involved in a particular form of work. A set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program.
Procedure (term)
Procedural Programming
Stored Procedure
Protocol is a predefined written procedural method in the design and implementation of experiments.
Programming
Standardization is the process of implementing and developing technical standards.
Technical Standard is an established norm or requirement in regard to technical systems.

Standard Operating Procedure:
Procedures that are a set of step-by-step instructions to achieve a predictable, standardized, desired result, often within the context of a longer overall process. Detailed, written instructions to achieve uniformity of the performance of a specific function. A document that generally lists the associated hazards involved in performing a task, what Risk Score is associated with the Hazards



What is Science?

Science are methods used for learning, using tools, skills, processes, procedures, testing techniques, and accumulated knowledge and information. Science is a way of examining and analyzing things in our world so that we can have a better understanding of ourselves and the world around us. The understanding that science gives us helps us predict future outcomes so that we can make better decisions. Science is also used to create complex tools, which in return gives us the ability to create even more complex tools and create even more complex machines, thus we learn even more. Science is also a process for discovering, which everyone can benefit from. But the greatest power of science is that anyone can be a contributor to this valuable knowledge resource, as millions have done in our past. And millions of people can also benefit from this knowledge, whether they're living in the present or people who will be living in our future. So all this accumulated knowledge becomes the building blocks of new discoveries and new understandings. Not just progressing our advances in technologies, but progressing our understanding of ourselves, so we can be more aware and make better choices and make better decisions. Another benefit from science is that, if and when things do change, we can use our knowledge and tools to react accordingly instead of just suffering from the changes in our world, or suffer from the changes in ourselves. So science is also part early warning system, but only if it is used effectively and efficiently. Just experiencing something doesn't guarantee that you will understand it, or learn from it, or benefit from it. That is why knowledge is so extremely important, because knowledge helps us understand our experiences a lot better. You have to see inward as well as see outward. Science does not define reality or define what is perceived to be real, science only defines cause and effect, which for now is extremely important to everyone. Just because we know how something works does not mean that we actually know "why" it works, or do we fully understand the dangers, because we don't know everything. We're learning more and we're learning faster. We're communicating more and we're communicating faster. But we're not efficient or effective enough in order to benefit from our increased speed. So science needs to solve this problem before we waste this momentum and miss our chance in creating a better world for everyone. Sometimes if you're moving too fast you may fly past important information that you need in order to understand something. But luckily, Science doesn't only speed up our ability to learn, science can also be used to slow us down, so that we can see more details and become more aware, so that we can make better choices and make better decisions. But just like every tool in our world, tools can be misused. So science must explain the proper uses of our technologies and the proper uses of our accumulated knowledge. Science must also explain the dangers of misusing our tools by creating a good Operators Manuals and good Instruction Manuals that anyone can understand. Remember, science does not know everything, but what science does know is extremely important and extremely valuable.

Sometimes Progress is Slow
Copernican Revolution (1543) was the paradigm shift from the Ptolemaic model of the heavens, which described the cosmos as having Earth stationary at the center of the universe, to the heliocentric model with the Sun at the center of the Solar System.
Scientific Revolution was the emergence of modern science during the early modern period (1600), when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy) and chemistry transformed the views of society about
nature.  Some Ideas take time to be understood or excepted

"There are reasons why things happen, and knowing the reasons why certain things happen is the first step in controlling these actions or adapting to these actions. That what science does."

"If we don't keep moving forward, we'll end up having to start all over, again."

Why we need more Scientists
The internet has made us aware of all kinds of possibilities in the science world. We have discovered so much. This is one of the main reasons why we need more scientists. We need more people researching all these new discoveries that we are making everyday. So much more needs to be understood in order for us to effectively utilized all this knowledge. It's a gold mine.
Science in the Classroom
Teachers Science Lesson Plans


Scientifically Literate Person is defined as one who has the capacity to:
Understand experiment and reasoning as well as basic scientific facts and their meaning. Makes informed decisions and Communicates clearly using science. Understands the fundamental concepts of Earth’s many systems, environmental and social issues. Knows how to find and assess scientifically credible information about Earth. Ask, find, or determine answers to questions derived from curiosity about everyday experiences. Describe, explain, and predict natural phenomena. Explain phenomena scientifically – recognize, offer and evaluate explanations for a range of natural and technological phenomena.
Read with Understanding articles about science in the popular press and to engage in social conversation about the validity of the conclusions. Interpret data and evidence scientifically – analyze and evaluate data, claims and arguments in a variety of representations and draw appropriate scientific conclusions. Media Literacy  Identify scientific issues underlying national and local decisions and express positions that are scientifically and technologically informed. Evaluate the quality of scientific information on the basis of its source and the methods used to generate it. Evaluate and design scientific inquiry – describe and appraise scientific investigations and propose ways of addressing questions scientifically. Pose and evaluate arguments based on evidence and to apply conclusions from such arguments appropriately. Intelligence

Next Generation Science Standards

We have discovered Order in our universe, but that does not say that order is present everywhere or that Order is always a Constant, so we must always proceed with caution and care.

Do not Accept or Reject claims at Face Value, but withhold Judgment until Sufficient Evidence is available to make a decision, if time is allowed.  

Certainty
Reasoning
Empirical
Pseudoscientific
Skeptic  Skeptic
Skepticism
Questioning
Randomized Controlled Trial
Scientific Misconceptions
Didaskalogenic
Beliefs
Science Fraud and Corruption

You don't have to be a Physicist or a Rocket Scientist in order to use Scientific Methods. These skills are very useful for anyone who cares about improving themselves or improving their surroundings. Science will also increase a persons awareness about themselves and the world, exposing a sea of possibilities.

"Science may not have all the answers, but it will help you to understand things a little better, so that maybe you will find the answers that you need. This is what we found to be true, but every situation is different, so it might not be true for you."


I'm Bilingual, but my other Language is an unspoken language, it's called Computer Programming Language. I use symbols and characters to communicate instructions to computerized machines. But they are more then just machines. Computers are one of the most incredible tools that man has ever made, besides language. computers are an extension of human intelligence. Computers provide us with more processing abilities and more memory capacities then any other time in human history. These computerized machines are humans analytical partner that aids us in understanding ourselves, and our world. Humans quest for knowledge now has a powerful tool, a tool that gives us endless potential. And with the internet, we can now for the first time combine the collective wisdom, knowledge and experiences of millions of people from all over the world. We no longer need to depend on one country, or on one leader, or on one government. Because we now have the collective strength of each other. And together we will create a better world for everyone. So, what does your language do?    Zero's and Ones, On or Off.

If I learned how to speak Spanish I could speak to 518 million more people then I do now. Knowing how to speak Computer Language I can now communicate with 2 billion personal computers and 3 billion internet users.   Communication

"When you can Convert Atoms into a Language, you can do almost anything, like communicate to the Universe."

Are you sure that the instruments that you're using are calibrated? And do you know that the calibration may not be part of the equation? Calibration is a reference point. So the reference needs to be defined. So the first question is "What is this in reference to?"   Don't forget to Calibrate the Calibrator



Science Films

BBC The Story Of Science Power, Proof And Passion (youtube)  Cells   Universe
Richard Feynman: The Pleasure Of Finding Things Out (video)
Sci-Show (youtube channel)
What is One Degree? (youtube)
Absolute Zero
Race for Absolute Zero (youtube)   Kelvin
Nottingham Science (youtube)
Science Under Attack BBC Horizon (youtube)
Tyler DeWitt (youtube)
The Genius of Britain (youtube)
Sixty Symbols (youtube)
K-12 Science (youtube) 
Award Winning Teen Age Science in Action (video) this is why teaching science is important
Laura Snyder; The Philosophical Breakfast Club (video)
E=Mc2 Einstein's Big Idea (youtube) 
Sixty Symbols (youtube)
The Atom Smashers (PBS)  Atoms
Sap Science  (youtube)
TROM - 1.1 Science (youtube)
E. O. Wilson: Advice to Young Scientists (video)
Proto G (youtube)
Tal Golesworthy: How I Repaired my own Heart (video)   Exstent   Aortic Root Support 
Beau Lotto + Amy O'Toole: Science is for everyone, kids included (youtube)  
Food Science • Liquid Nitrogen Under Vacuum • ChefSteps (youtube)
Asap Science (youtube)
Thought (youtube)
The Geek Group (youtube)
Veritasium (youtube)
Science Channel (youtube)
Kreosan (youtube)
Janet Iwasa: How Animations can help Scientists Test a Hypothesis (video)
Engineer Guy Video (youtube)
Schlieren Optics optical technique that allows us to see small changes in the index of refraction in air.
Schlieren Photography (wiki)
DNews Channel (youtube)
Pure Science Specials (youtube)
The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms and Examples (youtube)
In a Nutshell – Kurzgesagt (youtube)
Physics Woman (youtube)
Science Online (youtube)

The Journal of Visualized Experiments Jove is a database of more than four thousand videos, with about eighty more added each month. They are usually between ten and fifteen minutes long, and they range in subject from biology and chemistry to neuroscience and medicine.

Sci-Show Science Videos should not be confusing
Rockwell Turbo Encabulator Version 2 (youtube)
Turboencabulator  The original machine had a base-plate of prefabulated amulite, surmounted by a malleable logarithmic casing in such a way that the two spurving bearings were in a direct line with the pentametric fan. The main winding was of the normal lotus-o-delta type placed in panendermic semi-boloid slots in the stator, every seventh conductor being connected by a nonreversible trem'e pipe to the differential girdlespring on the 'up' end of the grammeters. Unilateral Phase Detractor.
Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science

Science News
Documentaries
Evolution
DNA - Genetics
Online Education Sources
Science Photo Library
Science Photos
Science Resources and Tools




Chemistry The science of Matter
Chemistry Types 
Atoms and Matter
Elements
Thermodynamics
Toxicology   
Alchemy
Physics




Electricity
A physical phenomenon associated with stationary or moving electrons and protons.
Energy made available by the flow of electric charge through a Conductor
Energy Types
Human Energy




Computers: A machine for performing calculations automatically.
Computer Documentaries
Super Computers
Computing
Development Process
Software
Coding
Programing
Hardware
Robots
Operating Systems
Networks
Internet
Computer Maintenance
Communication
Artificial Intelligence



Carbon Atom
Physics
The science of Matter and Energy and their Interactions. Physical Properties, Laws and Phenomena
Chemistry
Observations
Nano - Nanotechnology - Molecular Machines
Tiny Machines




Engineering - Design - Architecture
Engineering Branches
Building Codes
Earthquake Resistance

Math needed to be an Engineer
Teaching Engineering
Architecture

Stone Working
Wood Working
Metal Working
 
Molding
Strength of Materials
Automation
Drawings - Blueprints
Tools





Evolution
Intelligent Design
Mutations
Human
Cells
Tree of Life





Work Station Electronic Equipment for Data Monitoring
Keysight
Analog


Science Resources

Union of Concerned Scientists
Federation of American Scientists
National Science Foundation
Center for Science Education
Global STEM Alliance New York Academy of Sciences
Science House
Science Indicators
American Scientists
Royal Society
Max Planck
Public Library of Science
Science Learn
Science Cafes
Science Direct Explore scientific, technical, and medical research.
C.E.R.N.
Nature
Science of Flight
Space Travel
Office of Scientific information
Environmental Science Forestry
N.E. Bio Labs
Nat. Academies of Science
N.A.S. Proceedings
Physical Review E
Physical Review Letters
Psychological Science
Assoc.of Science Technology
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Advancing Science Society
Science and Technology
Sciplore
Live Science
Documentaries
Science Stage
New Scientist
Science.gov
Scientific American
Popular Mechanics
Popular Science
Wired Science (PBS)
Stem 101
Kavli Foundation advancing science
Creative Commons Science
Engineering TV
Zooniverse
Dmoz Science Links 
Accidental Scientist
Scientific Search Engine

Science Research
Research Facilities Directory
Research institutes in the United States
Science Laboratories
Department of Energy National Laboratories
Funding of Science (wiki)
Open Access to 1,050,751 e-prints in Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science, Quantitative Biology, Quantitative Finance and Statistics.

Fellowship Programs
Graduate Fellowships - Types of Fellowships for Graduate Students
Collaborative Research Grants

Outstanding Science
Science News

Biology

DIY Science



Science Tools - Science Equipment 

Little Devices Science Kits
Science Tools and Science Equipment
Arduino
Little Bits has 60 modules and growing. Every module works with every other in millions of combinations
FORMcard is a handy, pocket sized card of meltable bio-plastic that can be used to make things and fix things.
Curious Minds
Engineering Tools
Home Training Tools
Backyard Brains
Neuroscience
Experiment kits,
Human to Human Interface.
Interfaces
Scientifics Online
Science for Students
Poly Science
Science Kits
3D Printing
Science Tools and Parts
Radio Shack DIY
Kinoma Create
Learn to Code
Electronic Modules for Prototyping and Play
Makey Makey
Clip-it using plastic bottle caps to make molecules
Conductive Ink (wiki)
Bare Conductive
Kate Stone: DJ Decks made of Paper (video)
Cannybots
Infento Rides
Games and Toys for Learning
DIY Kit for the Connected Life
Elemental Scientific
E Science Labs
Science Buddies
Lab Tests
Chemistry

Science Toys for Learning
Using Toys to Teach Physics
Educational Toys
Spare Parts
Surplus Center
Apex Electronic
Norton Sales Inc
Computer Components
Technology News
Science Education
P-Tech, Pathways in Technology 


Microscopes  -  Seeing Small Things
Optical Microscope or light microscope, is a type of microscope which uses visible light and a system of lenses to magnify images of small samples.
Digital Microscope is a variation of a traditional optical microscope that uses optics and a digital camera to output an image to a monitor, sometimes by means of software running on a computer.
Underwater microscopy for in situ studies of benthic ecosystems (youtube)
Benthic Ecosystems
Microscopy is the technical field of using microscopes to view objects and areas of objects that cannot be seen with the naked eye.
SCiO: Molecular Sensor, Optical Sensor, Spectrometer
Spectrometer is an apparatus to measure a spectrum that shows intensity as a function of wavelength, of frequency, of energy, of momentum, or of mass.
Photoresistor is a light-controlled variable resistor.
Photoelectric Sensor or photo eye, is an equipment used to discover the distance, absence, or presence of an object by using a light transmitter, often infrared, and a photoelectric receiver.
Position Sensor is any device that permits position measurement.
Eppendorf Tubes
Turn Your Smartphone Into a Digital Microscope (youtube)
Electron Microscope
Size (nano)
Atomic Force Microscopy
Scanning Probe Microscopy
Scanning Tunneling Microscope
LatticeLight-Sheet Microscopy  Video
Light Sheet Fluorescence Microscopy is a fluorescence microscopy technique with an intermediate optical resolution, but good optical sectioning capabilities and high speed.

Telescopes

Ideas - Innovation


Work Shops
Tech Shop
TechShop is a chain of member-based workshops that lets people of all skill levels come in and use industrial tools and equipment to build their own projects.
Nextfab
Hackerspace - Science Space
Makerspace
Maker Faire
Rulof Italian Maker (youtube)
Cesar Harada: How I teach kids to love science (video)
Generator Vermont
Frederickswerken
Hub Space
Workshop a room or building which provides both the area and tools (or machinery) that may be required for the manufacture or repair of manufactured goods.
National Lab Network
Thrill Laboratory
Open Design City
Lighthouse Creativity Lab
Creative Learning Systems
Collaboration Knowledge


Fairs - Museums - Festivals
Science Fair Ideas
Science Fair Projects
Science Fair Project
Science Made Simple
Create Research Teams
Digital Media Learning Competition
Technology Challenge Programs
Ecosystem of Creators and inventors
Google Science Fair
Robotics - Robots
Young Scientist Challenge 2013: Peyton Robertson (youtube)
Young Scientist Challenge
My Potato Project; The Importance of "Organic" (youtube)
Chlorpropham (wiki)
EPA Factsheet (pdf)
Science Festivals
Science Museum
Exploratorium
Children's Museums
Think Zone
Solve Puzzles for Science
Visual Science
Its okay to be Smart
Jove: Journal of Visualized Experiments
Elsevier
Interactive Simulations
Society for Science
Intel International Science and Engineering Fair
Chemistry



Arduino Starter Kit

ARDX Arduino Starter Kit
Experimentation Kit for Arduino (Uno R3) - v1.3 , Tackle 13 Different Projects w/ This Fully-Stocked Beginner's Toolkit.

Evive: Electronic Prototyping Platform Learn & build your projects easily, debug them smartly. #Arduino #Robotics #IoT #Embedded #STEM.

Tinylab: Prototype easier than ever
Play Piper
PC Boards Components
Building Blocks



The Thinker Man