Social Intelligence - Social Studies
is relating to human society and its
members. Living together or enjoying life in communities
or organized groups. Composed of sociable people or
formed for the purpose of sociability. Tending to move or live together in groups or colonies of the same kind. Marked by
others. A party of people assembled to promote sociability
An extended social group having a distinctive cultural
and economic organization. A formal association
of people with similar interests. The state of
being with someone
is a person who understands society and
, and has the capacity to effectively navigate and negotiate
complex social relationships
. A person who
and to society.
A person who is
and recognizes the importance of information to a
in regard to information and
and participates effectively in groups to pursue and
generate information. A person who has the Capacity and the Ability to
Make a Difference
and to Live a Fulfilling Life.
is any skill facilitating interaction and communication with
others. Social rules and relations are created, communicated, and changed
in verbal and nonverbal ways. The process of learning these skills is
called socialization. For socialization, Interpersonal skills are
essential to relate one another.
is a major category
of academic disciplines
, concerned with society and the
within a society. It in turn has many branches, each of
which is considered a "social science". The main social sciences include
economics, political science
, human geography,
, and sociology.
In a wider sense, social science also includes some fields in the
humanities such as anthropology, archaeology
. The term is also
sometimes used to refer specifically to the field of sociology, the
original 'science of society', established in the 19th century. A more
detailed list of sub-disciplines within the social sciences can be found
Outline of Social Science
is the integrated study of the social sciences,
humanities and history. Within the school program, social studies provides
coordinated, systematic study drawing upon such disciplines as
anthropology, archaeology, economics
geography, history, jurisprudence,
, political science
, and sociology, as well as
appropriate content from the humanities, mathematics
and natural sciences
is the branch of the social sciences that deals
with the study of people and their communities
, economies and interaction with the
environment by noticing their relations with and across space and place.
Human geography attends to human patterns of social interaction, as well
as spatial level
interdependencies, and how they influence or affect the earth's
environment. As an intellectual discipline, geography is divided into the
sub-fields of physical geography and human geography, the latter
concentrating upon the study of human activities, by the application of
qualitative and quantitative research methods.
Social Studies for Kids
is the study of
including its origins, development, organization,
, and institutions.
It is a social science that uses various methods of
to develop a
body of knowledge
social order, disorder
, and change. Many
sociologists aim to conduct research that may be applied directly to
social policy and welfare, while others focus primarily on refining the
theoretical understanding of social processes. Subject matter ranges from
the micro-sociology level of individual agency and interaction to the
macro level of systems
the social structure.Human Behavior
and Evolution Society
is a society for all those studying
the evolution of human behavior
denotes the interests, opinions, behaviours, and
behavioural orientations of an individual, group, or culture.
is a set of connected behaviours,
as conceptualized by
people in a social situation.
are frameworks of empirical evidence used to
study and interpret social phenomena. A tool used by social scientists,
social theories relate to historical debates over the most valid and
reliable methodologies (e.g. positivism and antipositivism), as well as
the primacy of either structure or agency. Certain social theories attempt
to remain strictly scientific, descriptive, and objective. Conflict
theories, by contrast, present ostensibly normative positions, and often
critique the ideological aspects inherent in conventional, traditional
is the descriptive study of the effect of
any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations,
and context, on the way language
is used, and
the effects of language use on society.
is any society of the modern era that possesses
a mass culture and large-scale, impersonal, social institutions. A mass
society is a "society in which prosperity
traditional social ties".
is any complex society characterized by urban
development, social stratification, symbolic communication forms
(typically, writing systems), and a perceived separation
domination over the natural environment by a cultural
is a collection of beliefs
held by an individual, group or society. It can
be described as a set of conscious and unconscious ideas which make up
one's beliefs, goals
and motivations. An ideology is a comprehensive normative vision that is
followed by people, governments, or other groups that is considered the
correct way by the majority of the population, as argued in several
tendencies (political ideologies
is a research field that applies
computational methods to study issues in the social sciences. The issues
explored include problems in psychology, organizational behavior,
sociology, political science, economics, anthropology, geography,
engineering, archaeology and linguistics.Pro-Social
is research conducted by social scientists
following a systematic plan. Social research methodologies can be
classified along a quantitative/qualitative dimension. Quantitative
designs approach social phenomena through quantifiable evidence, and often
rely on statistical analysis of many cases (or across intentionally
designed treatments in an experiment) to create valid and reliable general
claims. Related to quantity. Qualitative designs emphasize understanding
of social phenomena through direct observation, communication with
participants, or analysis of texts, and may stress contextual subjective
accuracy over generality. Related to quality.
welfare or well-being of the general public
; commonwealth. Also means
appeal or relevance to the general populace: a news story of
Open and Closed Systems in Social Science
. Open systems are
systems that allow interactions between their internal elements and the
environment. An open system is defined as a “system in exchange of matter
with its environment, presenting
import and export
building-up and breaking-down of its material components.” Closed systems,
on the other hand, are held to be isolated from their environment.
, for example, is
a field of study that applies to closed systems.
What is the difference between Emotionally Disordered and Socially Maladjusted?
The world is going
to get more complicated before it gets any simpler
is direct influence on people by other people,
or an individual who gets encouraged to follow their peers by changing
their attitudes, values, or behaviors to
to those of the
influencing group or individual.
is both a social group and a primary group of
people who have similar interests (homophily), age, background, or social
status. The members of this group are likely to influence the person’s
beliefs and behaviour
. Peer groups contain
patterns of behavior. Eighteen-year-olds are not in a peer group with 14
year olds even though they may be in school together, just as teachers do
not share students as a peer group. Divided
is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within
a group of people in which the desire for harmony or
in the group
results in an irrational or dysfunctional
members try to minimize conflict and reach a consensus decision without
critical evaluation of alternative viewpoints by actively suppressing
dissenting viewpoints, and by isolating themselves from outside
influences. World View
is the intentional use of techniques based on the
to engage, control, or influence the desires of a
crowd in order to direct its behavior toward a specific action. This
practice is common to politics and business and can facilitate the
approval or disapproval or indifference to a person, policy, or product.
The ethicality of crowd manipulation is commonly questioned. Crowd
manipulation differs from propaganda
although they may reinforce one another to produce a desired result.
is a type of social influence that aims to
change the behavior or perception of others through abusive, deceptive, or
. By advancing
the interests of the manipulator, often at another's expense, such methods
could be considered exploitative, abusive, devious, and deceptive. The
process of manipulation involves bringing an unknowing
under the domination
of the manipulator, often using deception, and using the victim to serve
their own purposes.
is a phenomenon that transmits collective
illusions of threats, whether real or imaginary
, through a population in
society as a result of rumors and fear
Mass Psychogenic illness
is "the rapid spread of illness signs and
symptoms affecting members of a cohesive group, originating from a nervous
system disturbance involving excitation, loss, or alteration of function,
whereby physical complaints that are exhibited unconsciously have no
corresponding organic aetiology". MPI is distinct from other collective
delusions, also included under the blanket terms of mass hysteria, in that
MPI causes symptoms of disease, though there is no organic cause.
Folie a deux
is a psychiatric syndrome in which symptoms of
a delusional belief and hallucinations are transmitted from one
individual to another.
is a state of willingness to believe in one or
many people or things in the absence of reasonable proof or knowledge.
Asch Conformity Experiments
was a series of studies in the
1950s studying if and how individuals yielded to or defied a majority
group and the effect of such influences on beliefs and opinions. So that's what's
is a situation in which a majority of
group members privately reject a norm, but incorrectly assume that most
others accept it, and therefore go along with it. This is also described
as "no one believes, but everyone thinks that everyone believes." In
short, pluralistic ignorance is a bias about a social group, held by that
is conducted with human subjects in the
real world. It typically investigates the effects of a policy intervention
by randomly assigning individuals, families, businesses, classrooms, or
other units to different treatments or to a controlled condition that
represents the status quo
The Third Wave (experiment)
was an experimental social movement
created by California high school history teacher Ron Jones to explain how
the German populace could accept the actions of the Nazi regime during the
Second World War.
was a series of social psychology
experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist
. They measured the willingness of study
participants, men from a diverse range of occupations with varying levels
of education, to obey an authority figure who instructed them to perform
acts conflicting with their personal conscience; the experiment found,
unexpectedly, that a very high proportion of people were prepared to obey,
albeit unwillingly, even if apparently causing serious injury and
Experimenter (2015 Film)
The Milgram Experiment proves that people with more knowledge
make better decisions.
Conducting the Milgram Experiment in Poland, Psychologists Show People
. A replication of one of the most widely known obedience
studies, the Stanley Milgram experiment, shows that even today, people are
still willing to harm others in pursuit of obeying authority. Sadly, these
Social Experiments are Still Happening Today
with devastating consequences.
is the scientific study of how people's thoughts,
feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied
presence of others. Money Influences
occurs when a person's emotions
, opinions, or
are affected by
others. Social influence takes many forms and can be seen in conformity,
socialization, peer pressure, obedience, leadership, persuasion, sales,
and marketing. Compliance is when people appear to agree with others but
actually keep their dissenting opinions private. Identification is when
people are influenced by someone who is liked and respected, such as a
famous celebrity. Internalization is when people accept a belief or
behavior and agree both publicly and privately.
is a psychological condition that causes
hostages to develop sympathetic sentiments towards their captors, often
sharing their opinions and acquiring romantic feelings for them as a
survival strategy during captivity. These feelings, resulting from a bond
formed between captor and captives during intimate time spent together,
are generally considered irrational in light of the danger or risk endured
by the victims. Generally speaking, Stockholm syndrome consists of "strong
emotional ties that develop between two persons where one person
intermittently harasses, beats, threatens, abuses, or intimidates the
other." The FBI's Hostage Barricade Database System shows that
roughly eight percent of victims show evidence of Stockholm syndrome.
describes how individuals in a
group can act collectively
without centralized direction. The term can refer to the behavior of
animals in herds, packs, bird flocks, fish schools and so on, as well as
the behavior of humans in demonstrations, riots and general strikes,
sporting events, religious gatherings, episodes of mob violence and
describes how people are influenced by their peers
to adopt certain behaviors. Examples of the herd mentality include stock
market trends, superstition and home décor. Social psychologists study the
related topics of group intelligence, crowd wisdom, and decentralized
is a phenomenon whereby the rate of uptake of beliefs, ideas, fads and
trends increases the more that they have already been adopted by others.
In other words, the bandwagon effect is characterized by the probability
of individual adoption increasing with respect to the proportion who have
already done so. As more people come to believe in something, others also
"hop on the bandwagon" regardless of the underlying evidence.
is a social psychological phenomenon that refers to cases in which
individuals do not offer any means of help to a victim when other people
are present. The probability of help is inversely related to the number of
bystanders. In other words, the greater the number of bystanders, the less
likely it is that any one of them will help. Several variables help to
explain why the bystander effect occurs. These variables include:
ambiguity, cohesiveness and Diffusion of Responsibility
- Conscientious Objector
refers to the moods, emotions and dispositional
affects of a group of people. It can be seen as either an emotional entity
influencing individual members' emotional states (top down) or the sum of
the individuals' emotional states (bottom up).
is a model or representation of a social network,
where the word graph has been taken from graph theory. The social graph
has been referred to as "the global mapping of everybody and how they're
is any relationship between two or more
is a group of individuals who interact with one
another and share similar interests.
group of good friends or family with identifiable leadership and internal
organization, identifying with or claiming control over territory in a
is characterized by high levels of intimacy and sharing, usually in close
groups, also known as affinity groups.
is any criminal organization with the intention of supplying drug
trafficking operations. CIACulture
Influence: Science and Practice
is a psychology book from 2003
examining the key ways people can be
Professionals". The key premise of the book is that in a complex world
where people are overloaded
with more information
than they can deal with, people fall back on a
decision making approach based on
. These generalizations develop because they allow
people to usually act in a correct manner with a limited amount of thought
and time. However, they can be
exploited and effectively turned into weapons
by those who know them
to influence others to act certain ways.
is an act that exploits or victimizes
someone (treats them unfairly). Environment
centers on the belief that there is a drive within
individuals to gain accurate self-evaluations. The theory explains how
individuals evaluate their own opinions and abilities by comparing
themselves to others in order to reduce uncertainty in these domains, and
learn how to define the self. Rational Ignorance
is an interdisciplinary field devoted to
understanding how biological systems implement social processes and
behavior, and to using biological concepts and methods to inform and
refine theories of social processes and behavior.
The Social Construction of Reality
is a 1966 book about
the sociology of knowledge
by Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann.
is a theory of knowledge in sociology and
that examines the
development of jointly constructed understandings of the world that form
the basis for shared assumptions about
. The theory centers on the notions that
human beings rationalize their experience by creating models of the social
world and share and reify these models through language.
is distinct from biological
or individual cognitive reality,
representing as it does a phenomenological level created through social
interaction and thereby transcending individual motives and actions.
comprises a set of concepts and
on how individuals, groups, and societies, organize,
perceive, and communicate about reality. Framing involves social
construction of a social phenomenon – by mass media sources, political or
social movements, political leaders, or other actors and organizations.
Participation in a language community necessarily influences an
individual's perception of the meanings attributed to words or phrases.
Politically, the language communities of advertising, religion, and mass
media are highly contested, whereas framing in less-sharply defended
language communities might evolve imperceptibly and organically over
cultural time frames, with fewer overt modes of disputation.
is an advanced behavior whereby an individual
observes and replicates another's behavior. Imitation is also a form of
social learning that leads to the "development of traditions, and
ultimately our culture. It allows for the transfer of information (behaviours,
customs, etc.) between individuals and down generations without the need
for genetic inheritance.
Murder of Kitty Genovese
of people into performing actions or
information. A type of confidence trick for the
purpose of information gathering, fraud, or system access, it differs from
a traditional "con" in that it is often one of many steps in a more
complex fraud scheme
informal means of control – Internalization of norms
and values by a process known as socialization, which is defined as
"the process by which an individual, born with behavioral potentialities
of enormously wide range, is led to develop actual
which is confined to the
narrower range of what is acceptable for him by the group standards."
Formal means of social control – External sanctions enforced by government
to prevent the establishment of chaos or Lack of moral standards in
is the sociological process of training
individuals in a society to respond in a
manner generally approved by the society in general and peer
groups within society.
Violence spreads like a disease among adolescents, study finds
Contagion moves from friends to friends of friends and beyond.
examines the development
of jointly constructed understandings
of the world that form the basis for shared
The Lottery of Birth, 2013
hr. 16 min)
Are you hanging out with the wrong crowd?
Which Social Conditioning factors helps to create
that are inaccurate?
If humans could be easily fooled into
mass delusion, then doing the opposite should also be easy.
Sometimes people become the average of the people they spend the
most time with,
Birds of a Feather Flock Together.
is the jailer of freedom and
the enemy of growth." Working Together
Rock the Boat,
just don't tip the boat over.
Rock The Boat 1974 Hues Corporation
. In 2007, the
top 20% wealthiest
possessed 80% of all financial assets
. In 2007 the richest 1% of the
American population owned 35% of the country's total wealth, and the next
19% owned 51%. Thus, the top 20% of Americans owned 85% of the country's
wealth and the bottom 80% of the population owned 15%. In 2011, financial
inequality was greater than inequality in total wealth, with the top 1% of
the population owning 43%, the next 19% of Americans owning 50%, and the
bottom 80% owning 7%. However, after the Great Recession which started in
2007, the share of total wealth owned by the top 1% of the population grew
from 35% to 37%, and that owned by the top 20% of Americans grew from 85%
to 88%. The Great Recession also caused a drop of 36% in median household
wealth but a drop of only 11% for the top 1%, further widening the gap
between the top 1% and the bottom 99%. The unequal distribution of assets
among residents of the United States. Wealth includes the values of homes,
automobiles, personal valuables, businesses, savings, and investments.
Poor and get Rich or Feed the Rich and get Poor
Redistribution of Wealth
is the transfer of income and of
wealth (including physical property) from some individuals to others by
means of a social mechanism such as taxation, charity, welfare,
, land reform, monetary policies, confiscation, divorce or tort
law. The term typically refers to redistribution on an economy-wide basis
rather than between selected individuals, and it always refers to
redistributions from those who have more to those who have less.
is the distribution of profits between employees, used to increase
productivity, to decrease employee turnaround, and to reduce the
is the preference for fairness and
resistance to incidental inequalities. The social sciences that study
inequity aversion include sociology, economics, psychology, anthropology,
is associated with the segregation within a society that may emerge from
income inequality, real-estate fluctuations, economic displacements etc.
and result in such differentiation that would consist of various social
groups, from high-income to low-income.
refers to the condition within a
society where social classes are separated, or stratified, along economic
is a society's categorization of people into
socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and
social status, or derived power (social and political).
is a special advantage or
immunity or benefit not enjoyed by all. A right reserved exclusively by a
particular person or group (especially a hereditary or official right).
granted by law or contract
(especially a right to benefits), which has nothing to do with
stresses the reflective assessments and
critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social
sciences and the humanities.
is when material, ideological, and institutional
processes in capitalist society mislead members of the proletariat and
other class actors. These processes are thought to hide the true relations
between classes and the real state of affairs regarding the exploitation
suffered by the proletariat.
are perspectives in sociology and social psychology that
emphasize the social, political, or material inequality of a social group,
that critique the broad socio-political system, or that otherwise detract
from structural functionalism and ideological conservatism. Conflict
theories draw attention to power differentials, such as class conflict,
and generally contrast historically dominant ideologies. It is therefore a
macro level analysis of society.
American Middle Class
is a social class in the
United States with 15% to 20% of households being the upper or
professional middle class consisting of highly educated, salaried
professionals and managers. One third of households is the lower middle
class consisting mostly of semi-professionals, skilled craftsmen and
lower-level management. Middle-class persons commonly have a comfortable
standard of living
economic security, considerable work autonomy and rely on their expertise
to sustain themselves.
are the people employed for
, especially in manual-labour
occupations and in skilled, industrial work. Working-class occupations
include blue-collar jobs, some white-collar jobs, and most service-work
jobs. The working class only rely upon their earnings from wage labour,
thereby, the category includes most of the working population of
industrialized economies, of the urban areas (cities, towns, villages) of
non-industrialized economies, and of the rural workforce.
is a term for the class of wage-earners, in a capitalist society, whose
only possession of significant material value is their labor-power (their
ability to work); a member of such a class is a proletarian.
is the social class composed of the
of society, who
also wield the greatest political
Diffusion of Responsibility
is the position or rank of a person or group, within the society. Status
can be determined in two ways. One can earn their social status by their
own achievements, which is known as achieved status. Alternatively, one
can be placed in the stratification system by their inherited position,
which is called ascribed status.
is a social group to which a person
psychologically identifies as being a member. By contrast, an outgroup is
a social group with which an individual does not identify. For example,
people may find it psychologically meaningful to view themselves according
to their race, culture, gender, age or religion. It has been found that
the psychological membership of social groups and categories is associated
with a wide variety of phenomena. Favoritism
is a set of concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered
on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set
of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper,
middle, and lower classes.
Social class in the United States
is a three-class model that includes
the "rich", the "middle class", and the "poor".
or class warfare or class struggle, is the
tension or antagonism which exists in society due to
socioeconomic interests and desires between people of different classes.
generally labels wealthy businessmen of
the former Soviet republics who rapidly accumulated wealth during the era
of Russian privatization in the aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet
Union in the 1990s.
A Class Divided, 1968
Class Warfare Reversed
was a U.S. policy of opposing European
colonialism in the Americas beginning in 1823. It stated that further
efforts by European nations to take control of any independent state in
North or South America would be viewed as "the manifestation of an
unfriendly disposition toward the United States."
are those who live in the borough, the people of the city (including
merchants and craftsmen), as opposed to those of rural areas.
Base and Superstructure
consists of two parts: the base (or
substructure) and superstructure. The base comprises the forces and
relations of production—employer–employee work conditions, the technical
division of labour, and property relations—into which people enter to
produce the necessities and amenities of life. These relations determine
society’s other relationships and ideas, which are described as its
superstructure. The superstructure of a society includes its culture,
institutions, political power structures, roles, rituals, and state. The
base determines (conditions) the superstructure, yet their relation is not
strictly causal, because the superstructure often influences the base; the
influence of the base, however, predominates.
is a process of renovation and revival of deteriorated urban neighborhoods
by means of influx of more affluent residents, which results in increased
property values and the displacing of lower-income families and small businesses.
- Social Exclusion
is an economic and sociological
combined total measure of a person's work experience and of an
individual's or family's economic and social position in relation to
others, based on income, education, and occupation.
refers to a particular set or system of linked social
structures, institutions, relations, customs, values and practices, which
conserve, maintain and enforce certain patterns of relating and behaving.
social order is contrasted to social chaos or disorder, and refers to a
stable state of society in which the existing social order is accepted and
maintained by its members. The problem of order or Hobbesian problem,
which is central to much of sociology, political science and political
philosophy, is the question how and why it is that social orders exist at
is a common idiomatic pejorative expression for
the compromising of a person's integrity, morality, authenticity, or
principles in exchange for personal gain, such as
"The Needs of the Many outweigh the Wants of the Few"
"Not to say that being in
is bad, it's just when people believe that their group makes
them believe that they are better then others, or makes them believe that
they are separated from reality."
equal the same thing
to one another"
is the effort or desire to equal or surpass
is the movement of individuals, families, households,
or other categories of people within or between social strata in a
society. It is a change in social status relative to others' social
location within a given society.Media Literacy
Unity Barriers - Community Barriers
is a discipline in social science that
refers to efforts to influence particular attitudes and social behaviors
on a large scale, whether by governments, media or private groups in order
to produce desired characteristics in a target population. Social
engineering can also be understood philosophically as a deterministic
phenomenon where the intentions and goals of the architects of the new
social construct are realized. Social engineers use the scientific method
to analyze and understand social systems in order to design the
appropriate methods to achieve the desired results in the human subjects.
is a group of individuals, such as a
political party, a trade union, or other group with a common political
purpose. A faction or political party may include fragmented sub-factions,
"parties within a party," which may be referred to as power blocs, or
voting blocs. Members of factions band together as a way of achieving
these goals and advancing their agenda and position within an
is a form of bigotry
, discrimination, or
attaching relations of inferiority and superiority to differences between
subdivisions within a group. Common examples are denominations of a
religion, ethnic identity, class, or region for citizens of a state and
factions of a political movement.
(me, me, me)
is a sociological concept
developed by several classical and contemporary theorists, is "a condition
in social relationships reflected by a low degree of integration or common
values and a high degree of distance or
individuals, or between an individual and a group of people in a community
or work environment". The concept has many discipline-specific uses, and
can refer both to a personal psychological state (subjectively) and to a
type of social relationship (objectively).
is a theory of
theory that examines
the development of jointly constructed understandings of the world that
form the basis for shared assumptions about reality
The theory centers on the notions that human beings rationalize their
experience by creating models of the social world and share and reify
these models through language
Social Identity Theory
is the portion of an
derived from perceived membership in a relevant social group. Social
identity theory introduced the concept of a social identity as a way in
which to explain intergroup behaviour.
is a person temporarily or permanently residing
in a country other than that of their citizenship.Divided
was a program in which more than 1,600
German scientists, engineers, and technicians (many of whom were formerly
registered members of the Nazi Party and some of whom had leadership roles
in the Nazi Party) were recruited and brought to the United States for
government employment from post-Nazi Germany (after World War II).
are statements of how and why particular facts about the social world are
related. They range in scope from concise descriptions of a single social
process to paradigms for analysis and interpretation. Some sociological
theories explain aspects of the social world and enable prediction about
future events, while others function as broad perspectives which guide
further sociological analyses.Voting
has been defined as two or more people
who interact with one another, share similar characteristics, and
collectively have a sense of unity.
is interaction between members
of different generations. Sociologists study many intergenerational
issues, including equity, conflict, and mobility.
is the concept or idea of fairness or justice
in relationships between children, youth, adults and seniors, particularly
in terms of treatment and interactions.
is either a conflict situation between
teenagers and adults or a more abstract conflict between two generations,
which often involves all inclusive prejudices against another generation:
Intergenerational cycle of violence
is a pattern of violence or abuse
that is passed from one generation to the next. Generally, an individual
who witnesses domestic violence as a child is much more likely to be an
abuser or a victim of domestic abuse in adulthood.
is a measure of the changes in social
status which occurs from the parents' to the children's generation.
An inter-generational contract
dependency between different generations based on the assumption that
future generations, in honoring the contract, will provide a service to a
generation that has previously done the same service to an older
is the economic conflict between successive
generations of workers because of the public pension system where the
first generation has better pension benefit and the last must pay more
taxes, have a greater tax wedge and a lower pension benefit due to the
public debt that the states make in order to pay the current public
are public policies that incorporate an
intergenerational approach to addressing an issue or have an impact across
Intergenerational shared sites
are programs in which children, youth
and older adults participate in ongoing services and/or programming
concurrently at the same site, and where participants interact during
regularly scheduled planned intergenerational activities, as well as
through informal encounters.
is a model of Christian ministry which
emphasizes relationships between age groups and encourages mixed-age
is an adjective describing a situation, idea, or
societal condition that George Orwell identified as being destructive to
the welfare of a free and open society. It denotes an attitude and a
brutal policy of draconian control by propaganda, surveillance,
misinformation, denial of truth, and manipulation of the past, including
the "unperson"—a person whose past existence is expunged from the public
record and memory, practised by modern repressive governments.
is a community or society that is undesirable or
frightening. It is translated as "not-good place".
Discrimination Barriers - Prejudice Barriers
is treatment or consideration of, or making a
distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group,
class, or category to which that person or thing is perceived to belong to
rather than on individual rights. merit
, such as having good
experiences with that person that indicate that they are trust worthy,
honest and compassionate. Don't Judge a Book by
, which means "you shouldn't
worth or value
of something or
someone by its
outward appearance alone". Impugning
attack as false or wrong. Allegations
is the condition of people not accepted as fully human by wider society.
Used by sociologists like Zygmunt Bauman and historians of slavery and the
holocaust to describe the part played by governmental and social
segregation in that process. Examples of social death are: Racial and
gender exclusion, persecution, slavery, and apartheid. Governments can
exclude individuals or groups from society. Examples: Protestant minority
groups in early modern Europe; ostracism in Ancient Athens; criminals;
prostitutes, outlaws. Institutionalization and segregation of those
labeled with a mental illness. Change in the identity of an individual.
This was a major theme during the Renaissance.
refers to extreme disapproval of (or
discontent with) a person or group on socially characteristic grounds that
are perceived, and serve to distinguish them, from other members of a
society. Stigma may then be affixed to such a person, by the greater
society, who differs from their cultural norms.
is a perceived symbol of
disgrace, shame or dishonor.
are evaluations that occur without conscious awareness towards an attitude
object or the self. These evaluations are generally either favorable or
unfavorable. They come about from various influences in the individual
is the social disadvantage and relegation to
the fringe of society. It is a term used widely in Europe and was first
used in France. It is used across disciplines including education,
sociology, psychology, politics and economics.
is the social disadvantage and relegation to the fringe of society.
are a group of people who differ
racially or politically from a larger group of which it is a part.
is the political, economic, or military
predominance or control
of one state over others.
is to deny or deprive the legal rights or privileges that have been
granted to a person or group, such as the right to
. Disfranchisement may be
accomplished explicitly by law or implicitly through requirements applied
in a discriminatory fashion, intimidation, or by placing unreasonable
requirements on voters for registration or voting.
occurs when an individual or group which is more powerful
than another tries to directly or indirectly censor, persecute or
otherwise oppress the other party, rather than engage with and
constructively respond to or accommodate the other party's arguments or
viewpoint. When dissent is perceived as a threat, action may be taken to
prevent continuing dissent or penalize dissidents. Government or industry
may often act in this way.
is the socially supported mistreatment and exploitation
of a group of individuals. Social oppression is based on power dynamics,
and an individual's social location in society.
is the persecution of an individual or group within society
for political reasons
for the purpose of restricting or preventing their ability to take part in
the political life of a society thereby reducing their standing among
their fellow citizens.
Attacks on Countries
of an individual or group within society for political
reasons, particularly for the purpose of restricting or preventing their
ability to take part in the political life of a society thereby reducing
their standing among their fellow citizens.
or forming an opinion
before becoming aware of the relevant
of a case. The word is
often used to refer to preconceived, usually unfavorable,
toward people or a person
because of their gender, beliefs, values, social class, age, disability,
religion, sexuality, race/ethnicity, language, nationality, beauty,
occupation, education, criminality or other personal characteristics. In
this case, it refers to a positive or negative evaluation of another
person based on their perceived group membership.
is a prejudiced person who is
differing from his
is a thought that can be adopted about specific
types of individuals or certain ways of doing things. These thoughts or
beliefs may or may not accurately reflect Reality
is the process by which a particular
identified with a specific
; one or more particular roles; or, characters having the
same traits or coming from the same social or ethnic groups. There have
been instances in which an actor has been so strongly identified with a
role as to make it difficult for him or her to find work playing other
is recording a person's behavior
and analyzing psychological characteristics in order to predict or
their ability in a
certain sphere or to identify a particular group of people.
also known as criminal profiling, is an investigative tool used
by law enforcement agencies to identify likely suspects (descriptive
offender profiling) and analyze patterns that may predict future offenses
and/or victims (predictive offender profiling).
used to detect and classify the major
of an individual based upon analysis of the
crime or crimes the person committed. The
Major Problem with Profiles
is that they can be misused to
discriminate and attack
innocent people, especially if the profiles are
inaccurate or fraudulent
, like some
back ground checks or credit checks
are. This is not not just
slanderous, but outright lying
A type of ignorant bias
unfairly discredit people. Like
is the practice of making accusations of subversion or
without proper regard for
, or without any
is the action of a group or authority, compiling a
blacklist (or black list) of people, countries or other entities to be
avoided or distrusted as not being acceptable to those making the list. A
blacklist can list people to be discriminated against, refused employment,
or censured. As a verb, blacklist can mean to put an individual or entity
on such a list. being denied a particular privilege, service, mobility,
access or recognition. Blacklist
a list of people or products viewed with suspicion or disapproval.
is a collection of documents about
a particular person, event, or subject.
largest city has approved final passage of a police accountability measure
Proponents say could be a national model to prevent discriminatory
profiling based on race, gender identity and immigration status.
Prohibiting racial and other forms of discriminatory profiling-
Establishing how police officers will document and collect data from
pedestrian stops- Mandating greater transparency and
accountability in police-community interactions- Establishing new
protections for juveniles, immigrants and transgender people- Improving
and codifying policies for use of the police gang database- Improving
language access for people who have limited English proficiency. Injustice
people for the
they made, you
can only detain people because there is clear evidence that they will
commit a horrible crime again, or do things that would either harm
themselves or harm others or harm the environment.
should act more like
an immune system
, and not
be the cancer that they are supposed to protect us from.
visual display of personal data
associated with a specific user, or a customized desktop environment. A
profile refers therefore to the explicit digital representation of a
person's identity. A user profile can also be considered as the computer
representation of a user model. A profile can be used to store the
description of the characteristics of person. This information can be
exploited by systems taking into account the persons' characteristics and
preferences. Profiling is the process that refers to construction of a
profile via the extraction from a set of data. User profiles can be found
on operating systems, computer programs, recommender systems, or dynamic
websites (such as online social networking sites or bulletin boards).
is the act of framing someone, that is,
providing false evidence or false testimony
in order to falsely prove
someone guilty of a crime. Sometimes, the person who is framing someone
else is the actual perpetrator of the
. In other cases it is an attempt by law enforcement to get
around due process. Motives include getting rid of political dissidents or
"correcting" what they see as the court's mistake. Some lawbreakers will
try to claim they were framed as a defense strategy.
is determining an offender's most likely area of
residence, an understanding of the spatial pattern of a crime series and
the characteristics of the crime sites can tell investigators other useful
information, such as whether the crime was opportunistic and the degree of
offender familiarity with the crime location. This is based on the
connection between an offender's behavior and his or her non-criminal
is unwanted or obsessive attention by an individual
or group towards another person. Stalking behaviors are related to
harassment and intimidation and may include following the
attribution of particular qualities to a member of a certain social group.
Implicit stereotypes are influenced by experience, and are based on
learned associations between various qualities and social categories,
including race or gender. Individuals' perceptions and behaviors can be
affected by implicit stereotypes, even without the individuals' intention
or awareness. Implicit stereotypes are an aspect of implicit social
cognition, the phenomenon that perceptions, attitudes, and stereotypes
operate without conscious intention.
is the communication of a false statement that harms
the reputation of an individual person, business, product, group,
government, religion, or nation.
is the dishonoring showcase of a person, usually an
offender or a prisoner, especially in a public place. It was regularly
used as a form of punishment in former times, and is still practiced by
different means in the modern era.
is strong feelings of
one of self-esteem
. State of
disgrace or loss of self-respect.
are statements harmful and often untrue; tending to discredit or malign.
is a published false statement that is damaging to a person's reputation;
a written defamation, defame (someone), malign, slander, blacken someone's
name, sully someone's reputation, speak ill/evil of, traduce, smear, cast
aspersions on, drag someone's name through the mud, besmirch, tarnish,
taint, tell lies about, stain, impugn someone's character/integrity,
vilify, denigrate, disparage, run down, stigmatize, discredit, slur.
is an effort to damage or call into question someone's
reputation, by propounding negative propaganda. It can be applied to
individuals or groups. Negative Campaign
is an opinion about that entity, typically a
result of social evaluation on a set of criteria. It is important in
business, education, online communities, and many other fields.
is a deliberate and sustained process that destroys the
credibility and reputation of a person, institution, social group, or
nation Agents of character assassinations employ a mix of open and covert
methods to achieve their goals, such as raising false accusations,
planting and fostering rumors
is the abasement of pride, which creates
mortification or leads to a state of being humbled or reduced to lowliness
or submission. It is an emotion felt by a person whose social status has
someone's (or some group's) honesty or loyalty; undermining moral
a false or spurious statement presented as a fact, as well as a true, if
brief or trivial, item of news or information
is a logical fallacy in which an argument is rebutted by attacking the
character, motive, or other attribute of the person making the argument,
or persons associated with the argument, rather than attacking the
substance of the argument itself.
is a form of incivility or deliberate lack of
respect wherein low status of the target is implied.
word or grammatical form expressing a negative connotation, a low opinion
of someone or something, or showing a lack of respect for someone or
something. It is also used as criticism
, hostility, disregard and/or
is a form of social stigma that has been broadly defined
as bias (prejudicial and negative attitudes, beliefs, and/or stereotypes)
or discriminatory behaviors targeted at individuals with overweight or
or who are perceived to carry excess body weight. Weight stigma is
present in multiple domains, such as healthcare, education, media, and
interpersonal settings, and is perpetrated by friends, family, and the
individual him- or herself.
(PDF) - Body Image
is an hint,
insinuation or intimation about a person or thing, especially of a
denigrating or a derogatory nature (low opinion). It can also be a remark or question,
typically disparaging (also called insinuation -a indirect (and usually
malicious) implication), that works obliquely by
. In the latter sense the intention is often to insult or accuse
someone in such a way that one's words, taken literally, are innocent.
Badge of Shame
a distinctive symbol required to be worn by a specific
group or an individual for the purpose of public humiliation, ostracism,
covers a wide range of behaviours of an offensive nature. It is commonly
understood as behaviour that disturbs or upsets, and it is
characteristically repetitive. In the legal sense, it is behaviour that
appears to be disturbing or threatening. Sexual harassment refers to
persistent and unwanted sexual advances, typically in the workplace, where
the consequences of refusing are potentially very disadvantageous to the
is a communicated intent to inflict harm or loss on another person. A
threat is considered an act of coercion. Threats (intimidation) are widely
observed in animal behavior, particularly in a ritualized form, chiefly in
order to avoid the unnecessary physical violence that can lead to physical
damage or death of both conflicting parties.
is an unpleasant mental state that is
characterized by such effects as irritation and distraction from one's
conscious thinking. It can lead to emotions such as frustration and anger.
The property of being easily annoyed is called irritability.
is an institutional act of religious censure
used to deprive, suspend, or limit membership in a religious community or
to restrict certain rights within it, in particular receiving of the
means to be away from one's home (i.e. city, state, or
country), while either being explicitly refused permission to return or
being threatened with imprisonment or death upon return. It can be a form
was the ritualistic sacrifice or exile of a human
scapegoat or victim.
can be the act of social rejection, or emotional distance. In a religious
context, shunning is a formal decision by a denomination or a congregation
to cease interaction with an individual or a group, and follows a
particular set of rules. It differs from, but may be associated with,
is the fear of that which is perceived to be foreign or strange. Phobias
is a term referring to a person who, either lawfully
or unlawfully, directly engages in hostilities for an enemy state or
non-state actor in an armed conflict.
is the systematic forced removal of ethnic or
religious groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group,
with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous. Ethnic Unrest.
is a deliberate action aimed at
weakening a polity
or corporation through
subversion, obstruction, disruption or destruction. In a workplace
setting, sabotage is the conscious withdrawal of efficiency generally
directed at causing some change in workplace conditions. One who engages
in sabotage is a saboteur. Saboteurs typically try to conceal their
identities because of the consequences of their actions.Wars
Crimes Against Humanity
are certain acts that are
deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack
directed against any civilian population or an identifiable part of a
is an ignorant belief that happens when a person
another person by their
appearance instead of their individual merit.
the process whereby a population, the individuals of which have varying
degrees of diversity in their ancestry, is divided into separate, and
distinct (from each other) racial groups.
ProjectGroup Attribution Error
makes us think that the behavior and characteristics of an individual are
representative of the entire group.
is the condition of
to the espoused,
legitimate influence of one's superior or superiors. Deference implies a
yielding or submitting to the judgment of a recognized superior out of
respect or reverence. Deference has been studied extensively by political
scientists, sociologists, and psychologists.
describes a behavior or process that
undermines individuality of and in others. Behaviorally, dehumanization
describes a disposition towards others that debases the others'
individuality as either an "individual" species or an "individual" object,
e.g. someone who acts inhumanely towards humans. As a process, it may be
understood as the opposite of personification, a figure of speech in which
inanimate objects or abstractions are endowed with human qualities;
dehumanization then is the disendowment of these same qualities or a
reduction to abstraction, e.g.
is a prejudice-motivated crime, which occurs when a perpetrator targets a
victim because of his or her membership (or perceived membership) in a
certain social group. Hatred
- Hate Speech
is the policy of favoring members of a
disadvantaged group who suffer or have suffered from discrimination within
. Double Standard
is the act of suspecting or targeting a
person of a certain race based on a stereotype about their race.
was a system of racial segregation in South
Africa. Free Your Mind
Reparations for Slavery
that humans need
to be separated into ethnic or racial groups in daily life, which denies
that everyone has the right to
have. The Cost of Segregation is lost income, lost lives and lost
is the advocacy of a state of cultural, ethnic,
tribal, religious, racial, governmental or gender separation from the
larger group. While it often refers to full political secession,
separatist groups may seek nothing more than greater autonomy.
is the physical, legal, and cultural
separation of people according to their biological Sex. This is distinct
from gender segregation, which is the separation of people according to
social constructions of gender.
is prejudice or discrimination based on a person's Sex
is a term for a group of people who cannot be classed under
any other distinct category, except for their shared fact of existence.
humans are better then other humans only because of their different
appearance instead of their rights. merit
If you say that you care about workers
then ignorant people will claim that you are a
If you say that you care about people, then ignorant people will claim
that you must be a socialist
. These are
that need to stop, these labels are no different then
discrimination, prejudice, and being
. This narrow minded approach to life needs to stop because it
causes too much damage and death. We have so much more knowledge and
information now then ever before in human history. And if a person does
not know about valuable knowledge and information, or understand it
effectively enough, then that person will always be narrow minded and
ignorant about life and the world around them. And this problem with
the lack of valuable knowledge and information is a problem that we can
solve. We can no longer ignore the benefits that come from educated
people, nor can we ignore the
come from having an undereducated society. We can no longer afford
ignorance. It's time to invest in our future. We owe it to the trillions
of people who will live after us, and we owe it to the 100 billion people
who struggled to survive for thousands of years, the billions who gave
their lives to bring us all here in this pivotal moment in time. We need
to honor those sacrifices, and we now can do it by making better choices,
choices that we know will bring us success and prosperity. Our
intelligence has unlimited potential and gives us unlimited possibilities.
It's time, time to live, time to learn, time love and it's time to
Yassmin Abdel Magied: Conscious Discrimination, Unconscious
Bias, Implicit Prejudice
Like Me - Tim Wise (full documentary)
"Two heads are better then one."
"Many hands make light work."
"No man is wise enough by himself."
"None of us is as smart as all of
"No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of
"We are more alike then we are unalike, we have more in
common then uncommon."
"No one person can be aware of everything, but
we can be
of almost everything."
The Power of Working Together
When we work together we can
accomplish some amazing things
. When you have a group of
engineers or scientists working together on the same problem, it
increases our ability to make more accurate decisions.
And when we include more people with diverse talents, skills and
knowledge, that also increases our ability to make more accurate
when we bring all our accumulated knowledge and information
together, we see things more clearly.
is characterized by unity; being or joined into a single entity.
Act in concert or unite in a
Be or become joined or united or linked, Join or combine. Become
one. United into one. Join for a common purpose or in a
without exception; being one unit or
constituting. The full amount or extent or duration; complete.
Exhibiting or restored to vigorous good health. Not injured. All
of something including all its component elements or parts.
An assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity. To a
complete degree or to the full or entire extent.
is the quality of being united. Bring
together for a common purpose
or action or ideology or in a
shared situation. Undivided.
An undivided or unbroken completeness or totality with nothing
wanting. The quality of being united into one.
is a group of people who
work together. The act of organizing a
or an activity
related to a
. The persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up
a body for the purpose of administering something.
is a special group delegated to
consider some matter. A self-constituted organization to promote
is a group of
representatives or delegates. A special assignment that is given to a
person or group.Group
is any number of
) considered as a
is an organization
created for business
organization founded and united for a specific purpose.
is the state of being joined or united or linked. The occurrence
of a uniting of separate parts. The act of making or becoming a
single unit. Mutual agreement.
Unions of Workers
is a cooperative
relationship between people or groups who agree to share
for achieving some specific goal. The members of a business venture
created by contract.
is an arrangement where parties, known as partners, agree
to cooperate to advance their mutual
. The partners
in a partnership may be individuals, businesses, interest-based
organizations, schools, governments or combinations. Organizations may
partner to increase the likelihood of each achieving their mission and to
amplify their reach. Social
is a form of economic and
are central, transactions are marked by reciprocity,
trust, and cooperation, and market agents produce goods and services not
mainly for themselves, but for a common good. The term generally refers to
(a) resources, and the value of these resources, both tangible (public
spaces, private property) and intangible ("actors", "human capital",
people), (b) the relationships among these resources, and (c) the impact
that these relationships have on the resources involved in each
relationship, and on larger groups. It is generally seen as a form of
capital that produces public goods for a
. Social capital
has been used to explain the improved performance of diverse groups, the
growth of entrepreneurial firms, superior managerial performance, enhanced
value derived from strategic alliances
, and the
evolution of communities. During the 1990s and 2000s the concept has
become increasingly popular in a wide range of social science disciplines
and also in politics.
is a collection of
– all the knowledge, talents, skills, abilities, experience,
intelligence, training, judgment, and wisdom possessed individually and
collectively by individuals in a population. These resources are the total
capacity of the people that represents a form of wealth which can be
directed to accomplish the goals of the nation or state or a portion
thereof. Social Learning
is the feeling that men should treat one another
The kinship relation between a male offspring and the
People engaged in a particular occupation.
is a procedure
in which two people, the "buddies", operate together as a single unit so
that they are able to monitor and help each other.
Emergency Response System
is a shared communal identification with one's nation.
is an attachment to a homeland. Inspired by love for your
country. Willingness to defend the country and its core beliefs like the
, while avoiding
is steadfast in allegiance or
is the act of binding yourself
(intellectually or emotionally) to a course of action.
"oneness," "union," or "unity". Each individual must engage in divine
process of groups of organisms working or acting together for common or
mutual benefit, as opposed to working in competition for selfish benefit.
Many animal and plant species cooperate both with other members of their
own species and with members of other species (Symbiosis
is a dynamic process involving two or more
professionals with complementary background and skills, sharing common
goals and exercising concerted physical and mental effort in assessing,
planning, or evaluating.
are members that provide each other with various types of
, usually nonprofessional
and nonmaterial, for a particular shared, usually burdensome,
characteristic. Members with the same issues can come together for sharing
coping strategies, to feel more empowered and for a sense of community.
The help may take the form of providing and evaluating relevant
information, relating personal experiences, listening to and accepting
others' experiences, providing sympathetic understanding and establishing
social networks. A support group
may also work to inform the public or engage in advocacy.
is a framework for building theory that sees
society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote
solidarity and stability. This approach looks at society through a
macro-level orientation, which is a broad focus on the social structures
that shape society as a whole, and believes that society has evolved like
organisms. This approach looks at both social structure and social
functions. Functionalism addresses society as a whole in terms of the
function of its constituent elements; namely norms, customs, traditions,
refers to the state or quality of being connected
together. Everything is
is the mutual reliance between two or more groups.
This concept differs from the reliance in a dependent relationship, where
some members are dependent and some are not. There can be various degrees
is a world organization of autonomous states that are
united in allegiance to a central power but are not subordinate to it
or to one another. A political system in which the supreme power lies
in a body of citizens
who can elect
people to represent them. A politically organized body of people under a
refers to either what is shared and
for all members of a
given community, or alternatively, what is achieved by citizenship,
, and active
participation in the realm of politics and
is an association of two or more individuals, companies, organizations or
governments (or any combination of these entities) with the objective of
participating in a common activity or pooling their resources for
achieving a common goal
is the coordination of events to operate a
components located on
their actions by
passing messages. The components interact with each other in order to
achieve a common goal.
is a stock of values, ideas,
metaphors, beliefs, and practices that are shared among the members of
groups and communities.
is to unite into one. Make firm
or secure; strengthen. Bring together into a single whole or system. Make
(something) physically stronger or more solid. combine (a number of
things) into a single more effective or coherent whole.
is to join or combine.
When we work together we can accomplish some amazing things.
7,000 people helped plant over 64,000 trees in 15 minutes.
The Empire State Building was built in
It took approximate 250 Days
for Orville and Wilbur
Wright to design, build, launch and fly their first powered
It took 234 Days
to build the Alaska Highway connecting
Alaska to the contiguous U.S.
The Human Genome Project took 13 years,
the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City took over 4 years,
The Transcontinental Railroad took 6 years, Da Vinci took 7 years to finish the Mona Lisa, Mount
Rushmore took 14 years.
And we also flew men in a
to the Moon
then flew back,
How many people work on a Major Motion Picture Film
100 man years is equal to 100 people working 40
hours a week for 1 year.
is the amount of work performed by the average
worker in one hour.
These are great examples of having good
Problem Solving Skills
We have shown many times throughout history that we are capable of
some amazing things when we
work together. Plus working together
is so much easier then fighting. And working together is a lot
more productive too. If we all made this choice together, to
work together, it would be an incredible benefit to everyone. So
we have to make working together easy, and we have, but it's not
perfected yet, it's called the
, and we are all ready
connected, and we speak the same language using zero's and
one's. So what's the procedure? Who will write it?
lets all pull together, my oh my
Power of the Internet
another pair of eyes
can be very useful."
Working together are the first two words to a long list of
agreements and understandings.
is an important
process that everyone needs to fully understand. Never confuse
working together with politics. We must look at working together
as maximizing our potential, and also an effective and efficient
way of solving our problems and improving our lives.
should be two of the most important skills
that need to be taught in school, and at home.
; Freedom from
. The general
of public places.
to cease hostilities. The state prevailing during the
absence of war
is an end of conflict
freedom from fear
. The end of
ideal state of Freedom
, peace, and happiness among and within all nations
and people. This ideal of world non-violence provides a basis for peoples
and nations to willingly cooperate
, either voluntarily or by virtue of a
system of governance
that prevents warfare. While different cultures,
religions, philosophies, and organizations may have differing concepts
about how such an ideal state might come about, they have in common this
ideal of a cessation of all hostility amongst all humanity.
"Blessed are the peacemakers
for they shall be called the children of
is an agreement
of opinions, or sounds
refers to a state of being mentally and spiritually at peace,
with enough knowledge and understanding to keep oneself strong in the face
of discord or stress. Being "at peace" is considered by many to be healthy
) and the opposite of being stressed or anxious, a state where
our mind performs at an optimal level with a positive outcome. Peace of
mind is thus generally associated with bliss,
When we work with mutual trust, and when we work together as a team
we are at our strongest.
is a dynamic and structured process in
which all members participate in dialogue to achieve and maintain
peaceful social relations
. Social integration does
not mean forced assimilation. Social integration is focused on the need to
move toward a safe, stable and just society by mending conditions of
social disintegration and social exclusion
fragmentation, exclusion and polarization; and by expanding and
strengthening conditions of social integration—towards peaceful social
relations of coexistence
, which arises when bonds link members of a social group
to one another and to the group as a whole. Although cohesion is a
multi-faceted process, it can be broken down into four main components:
social relations, task relations, perceived unity, and emotions. Members
of strongly cohesive groups are more inclined to participate readily and
to stay with the group.
is a collection of things; an
assemblage of separate parts or qualities. A group of people (often
temporary) having a common purpose. An alliance of people or countries for
a special purpose (formerly to achieve some antisocial end but now for
general political or economic purposes). The act of combining things to
form a new whole.
- Competition encourages
, why do you think
and companies commit
.Competition is the opposite
If a company or person makes a
better product that is sustainable
superior, and doesn't exploit workers and resources, then that company or
person should be protected from other
unsustainable and less superior products
, that also exploits workers and
resources. And if a product can be made locally using the same
else from another country, then that country will not have a need to
import that product, thus not waste the time, resources and people needed
to ship a product long distance. Trade
is only a necessity that guarantees
and reduces waste and pollution, and does not reward
scumbag corporations who exploit workers and resources for money, which is
the same as murder.
Greed and Fear Hamper Cooperation
contest or rivalry between two or more entities that strive for a goal
which cannot be shared, where one's gain is the other's loss. In reality,
no one really wins because it's a
which is a mathematical representation of a situation in which each
participant's gain or loss of utility
exactly balanced by the losses or gains of the utility of the other
participants. So how does competition apply to
doesn't. We don't compete, we measure our abilities in a fun constructive
are not a
worth or value
, awards are only for
entertainment purposes, an insignificant detail of a moment in time.
a situation of unrestrained,
and uncivilized competition.
The only thing that keeps us apart is knowledge
or European Union
is a Criminal Organization
for Large Corporations
just like the U.S. government. Not to say that it's all bad, it's just that we need more
The markets going down after the EU
vote is just corporations threatening
other countries not to leave the EU, and it's also investors acting
(youtube, 1 hr. 10 mins.)
North American Union
(same sh*t different place)
As far a global markets, or globalization or the global economy are
concerned, we need to see the whole picture. We just don't want to be
controlled by criminals
This is just another form of
, where wealthy scumbag criminals have unfair access to
confidential information that they use to exploit and steal money.
Working together is our greatest strength, but it
is also our greatest weakness if people are manipulated and lied to about
the facts. Having our resources, time, energy and people controlled by
ignorant criminals is extremely dangerous, as everyone can clearly see.
are more interested in money then they are the welfare of
people. We need reality based decisions, not ones based on exploitation.
only work if the whole
system is included in the calculations
We need more education, not regulations that scumbag corporations can
easily exploit, as they have done for many years, at the cost of human
life and at the cost
is a type of multinational political
negotiated power is delegated to an authority by governments of member
states. International Law
is any organization in which action is obstructed by
insistence on unnecessary procedures and
"When we feel that our sacrifice is for the good of our fellow
man, for the good of the people, and that it protects our family
and our species, then giving our lives becomes more then just
honorable, it's also logical and that the action can be proven
and calculated to be the best choice that would ultimately
Everyone should understand the benefits of camaraderie, as well
as support and trust. Brotherhood makes you feel that
you are not alone because you have people who care about you,
which gives a person strength and purpose. It's a type of love
that all humans should feel. So why can't we? Why do we have to
wait for a life and death situation in order to show our
commitment to each other. Why should a soldier only feel
brotherhood and camaraderie while in military service. And
why does this brotherhood and camaraderie fade when our
soldiers come home. Soldiers should not only associate war
with brotherhood. When soldiers come home so should the brotherhood.
If war has taught us only one thing of value, it's that when
we work with mutual trust, and when we work together as a team,
we are at our strongest. We should not wait for war for this
human quality to appear, we should exercise this quality
every day. If the military can train soldiers to understand
brotherhood, then our education system can do the same.
Brotherhood and camaraderie is
. But depending on a
persons upbringing and environment this human quality
can be easily lost or muted. But brotherhood can be regained if a
person is put into a unique situation or given the right
kind of training with the right kind of people, like they have
in the military..
Brotherhood or camaraderie should go beyond the circle of
friends, it should not be contained or restrained, you
have a responsibility towards your team members, but also, the
team has a responsibility to the people you represent, your species.
Know who's got your back, and know who's got your front, but
more importantly, know who you represent. It's easy to get
recognition for the work that you do from the people you work
with, but as soon as you leave work, the recognition is gone.
And if you depend on that recognition, you will feel lost
without it. That is one part of teaching people about
brotherhood that we need to improve on.
People have always gathered together, like most animals do.
Symbiotic relationships among animals
has been around since
the beginning. There is strength in numbers, as well as other benefits. We are
more effective and more efficient when
. Our alliances can give us extra security,
safety and added support, along with a sense of belonging and
acceptance, just like
Whether you are in a clan, a tribe, a family, a club, a state, a
country, or grouped together by status, religion, political
party, race, or language, this does not mean that you are
separate from other groups, because
separation is an illusion
. This is not about splitting up
for survival reasons, or experimenting with new ideas, or
with other sport teams, because that is totally
different. Because you are still in contact, and you still have
communication with other people. We are talking about society as
a whole, separating ourselves into groups and disconnecting
ourselves from the rest of the world. For some strange reason
our grouping together has separated ourselves from other groups.
And as intelligent humans, we know this separation is false, and
dangerous. Because we know about
, and we also know about our history of
. When we stop communicating, we stop
learning. And this negates our
strength in numbers
attacking our own
, which makes no sense at all. We know the benefits of
working together, but some how we fail to extend this knowledge
beyond our own
sphere of influence
. So our safety in groups is causing
people to have a false sense of security, and at the same time,
causing people to be complacent
people stop learning
, which they need to communicate to
other people outside their own group. The good news is that over
the years humans have bridged a lot of these gaps of separation
. We have also been able to
more about each other
using books, TV and the internet. But our
methods of communication are not effective enough
everyone the knowledge and information that they need in order
to accurately analyze themselves and the world around them. And
this ineffectiveness in learning and communication is the reason
why we have so many problems. So this is the responsibility that
we have all inherited. We must improve education, and improve
our methods of communication, which we have already started, but
we have a long way to go, and we need everyone's ones
- Social Service
Breaking Down the Barriers
"Choices add up, when everyone is making
good choices together, things improve. When everyone is making
bad choices together, things get worse. I would rather have my
choices make improvements, then have my choices make things
is a group of people living in a particular local area.
the same region and interacting with each other
A group of people having common interests. Agreement as to
goals. Common ownership. Community
is a social unit (a group of people) who have
something in common, such as norms, values, or identity.
conduct. Sometimes these standards can be itemized in a list that states
the community's values and sets guidelines for participation in the
is a philosophy that emphasizes the connection between the individual and
the community. Its overriding philosophy is based upon the belief that a
person's social identity and personality are largely molded by community
relationships, with a smaller degree of development being placed on
individualism. Learning Community
The Great Harmony, the TA TUNG
When the great principle prevails the world is a Commonwealth in which
rulers are selected according to their
wisdom and ability
. Mutual confidence is promoted and good
neighborliness cultivated. Hence men do not regard as parents only
their own parents nor do they treat as children only their own children.
Provision is secured for the agéd till death, employment for the able
bodied and the means of growing up for the young. Helpless widows and
widowers, orphans and the lonely as well as the sick and disabled are well
cared for. Men have their respective occupations and women their
homes. They do not like to see wealth lying idle, yet they do not keep it
for their own gratification. They despise indolence, yet they do not
use their energies for their own benefit. In this way, selfish
schemings are repressed, and robbers, thieves and other lawless men no
longer exist, and there is no need for people to shut their outer
doors. This is the great harmony. ~
(September 28, 551 – 479 BC). The philosophy of Confucius
emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social
relationships, justice and sincerity.
is a Chinese concept referring to a utopian vision of the world
in which everyone and everything is at peace. It is found in classical
Chinese philosophy which has been invoked many times in the modern history
philosophy is recognized as a response to the
increasing social injustice and inequality emerging in mainland Chinese
society as a result of unchecked economic growth, which has led to social
conflict. The governing philosophy was therefore shifted around economic
growth to overall societal balance and harmony
Breaking Down the Barriers
is unity (as of a group or class) which produces
or is based on unities of interests, objectives, standards, and
sympathies. It refers to the ties in a society that bind people together
is a framework for building theory
that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote
solidarity and stability. This approach looks at society through a
macro-level orientation, which is a broad focus on the social structures
that shape society as a whole, and believes that society has evolved like
organisms. This approach looks at both social structure and social
functions. Functionalism addresses society as a whole in terms of the
function of its constituent elements; namely norms, customs, traditions,
is a state of affairs in which all people within a specific society or
isolated group have the same status in certain respects, including
, freedom of speech
, property rights and equal access to certain
social goods and services. However, it also includes concepts of health
equity, economic equality
and other social securities. It also includes
equal opportunities and obligations, and so involves the whole of society.
Social equality requires the absence of legally enforced social class or
caste boundaries and the absence of discrimination
motivated by an
inalienable part of a person's identity. For example, sex, gender, race,
age, sexual orientation, origin, caste or class, income or property,
language, religion, convictions, opinions, health or disability must not
result in unequal treatment under the law and should not reduce
opportunities unjustifiably. "Equal opportunities" is interpreted as being
judged by ability, which is compatible with a free-market economy.
Relevant problems are horizontal inequality − the inequality of two
persons of same origin and ability and differing opportunities given to
individuals − such as in education or by inherited capital. Conceivements
of social equality may vary per philosophy and individual and other than
egalitarianism it does not necessarily require all social inequalities to
be eliminated by artificial means but instead often recognizes and
respects natural differences between people.
is not easy, but not impossible.
must be defined first because everyone's needs are
different and everyone has different responsibilities. The problem of
dividing a set of goods or resources between several people who have an
entitlement to them, such that each person receives his/her due share.
is that all people should be treated with
respect, unhampered by artificial barriers or
or preferences, except when particular distinctions can be
explicitly justified. The aim according to this often complex and
contested concept is that important jobs should go to those "most
" – persons most likely to perform ably in a given task – and
not go to persons for arbitrary or irrelevant reasons like
is a trend of thought that favors equality
for all people. Egalitarian doctrines maintain that all
humans are equal
in fundamental worth or
Divide and Choose
is a procedure for envy-free cake-cutting
between two partners. It involves a heterogeneous good or resource ("the
cake") and two partners which have different preferences over parts of the
cake. The protocol proceeds as follows: one person ("the cutter") cuts the
cake into two pieces; the other person ("the chooser") chooses one of the
pieces; the cutter receives the remaining piece.
is the assignment of available resources
to various uses. In the context of an entire economy, resources can be
allocated by various means, such as markets or central planning. In
project management, resource allocation or resource management is the
scheduling of activities and the resources required by those activities
while taking into consideration both the resource availability and the
project time. Distributive Justice
- Redistribution of Wealth
refers to "kinship of spirit", interest and
other interpersonal commonalities. Affinity is characterized by high
levels of intimacy and
, usually in close groups, also known as affinity groups.
is the human emotional need to be an accepted
member of a group. Whether it is family, friends, co-workers, a religion,
or something else, people tend to have an 'inherent' desire to belong and
be an important part of something greater than themselves. This implies a
relationship that is greater than simple acquaintance or familiarity. The
need to belong is the need to give, and receive attention to, and from,
others. Belonging is a strong and inevitable feeling that exists in human
nature. To belong or not to belong can occur due to choices of one's self,
or the choices of others. Not everyone has the same life and interests,
hence not everyone belongs to the same thing or person. Without belonging,
one cannot identify themselves as clearly, thus having difficulties
communicating with and relating to their surroundings.
is the creation of a whole that is greater
than the simple sum of its parts.
arises when bonds link members of a social
group to one another and to the group as a whole. Although cohesion is a
multi-faceted process, it can be broken down into four main components:
social relations, task relations, perceived unity, and emotions. Members
of strongly cohesive groups are more inclined to participate readily and
to stay with the group.
bringing people together by
building on shared
that people have in order to better a relationship with their
community no matter a person's age, gender, race or religion.
is a group of entities that share or are
motivated by at least one common issue or interest, or work together to
achieve a common objective.
is the sociopolitical organization of a society
by major interest groups, known as corporate groups, such as agricultural,
business, ethnic, labour, military, patronage, or scientific affiliations,
on the basis of their common interests.
is a pact or treaty among individuals or groups,
during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own
self-interest, joining forces together for a common cause. This alliance
may be temporary or a matter of convenience. A coalition thus differs
from a more formal covenant. Possibly described as a joining of
'factions', usually those with overlapping interests rather than opposing.
is a relationship among people, groups, or states
that have joined together for mutual benefit or to achieve some common
purpose, whether or not explicit agreement has been worked out among them.
Members of an alliance are called allies,
is an arrangement where parties, known as
partners, agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests. The
partners in a partnership may be individuals, businesses, interest-based
organizations, schools, governments or combinations. Organizations may
partner together to increase the likelihood of each achieving their
mission and to amplify their reach. A partnership may result in issuing
and holding equity or may be only governed by a contract. Partnership
agreements can be formed in the following areas:
: two or more companies join forces in a joint venture or a
consortium to i) work on a project (e.g. industrial or research project)
which would be too heavy or too risky for a single entity, ii) join forces
to have a stronger position on the market, iii) comply with specific
regulation (e.g. in some emerging countries, foreigners can only invest in
the form of partnerships with local entrepreneurs). In this case, the
alliance may be structured in a process comparable to a Mergers &
Acquisitions transaction. Politics (or
: In what is usually called an alliance, governments
may partner to achieve their national interests, sometimes against allied
governments holding contrary interests, as occurred during World War II
and the Cold War. Knowledge:
accrediting agencies increasingly evaluate schools, or universities, by
the level and quality of their partnerships with local or international
peers and a variety of other entities across societal sectors.
Some partnerships occur at
personal levels, such as when two or more individuals agree to domicile
together, while other partnerships are not only personal, but private,
known only to the involved parties. Partnerships present the involved
parties with complex negotiation and special challenges that must be
navigated unto agreement. Overarching goals, levels of give-and-take,
areas of responsibility, lines of authority and succession, how success is
evaluated and distributed, and often a variety of other factors must all
be negotiated. Once agreement is reached, the partnership is typically
enforceable by civil law, especially if well documented. Partners who wish
to make their agreement affirmatively explicit and enforceable typically
draw up Articles of Partnership. Trust and pragmatism are also essential
as it cannot be expected that everything can be written in the initial
partnership agreement, therefore quality governance and clear
communication are critical success factors in the long run. It is common
for information about formally partnered entities to be made public, such
as through a press release, a newspaper ad, or public records laws.
is a procedure in which two people, the "buddies",
operate together as a single unit so that they are able to monitor and
help each other.
Political Theory - John Rawls
are new strategies, concepts, ideas and
organizations that meet the social needs of different elements which can
be from working conditions and education to community development and
health — they extend and strengthen civil society. Social innovation
includes the social processes of
, such as open source methods and techniques and also the
innovations which have a social purpose — like online volunteering,
microcredit, or distance learning.
is what we need more of.
Every person should learn diplomacy and learn how to
. We need to stop
fighting among ourselves and stop dividing each other
. We need to
break down the barriers that distract us from making progress and stop us
from making needed improvements. We need to fight the real enemy, which is
the people in power
who want to keep people
ignorant and divided so that we keep
fighting each other
fighting the real enemy.
skillful handling of a situation. Wisdom in the management of public
affairs. The art and practice of conducting negotiations between
representatives of states. Finding mutually acceptable solutions to a
common challenge, one set of tools being the phrasing of statements in a
non-confrontational, or polite
is the profession, activity, or
skill of managing
. Using or marked by tact in
dealing with sensitive matters or people.
is a channel for communication
is an associate
who provides cooperation or assistance.
discussion intended to produce an agreement. Harmony of people's opinions
or actions or characters. Compatibility of observations and actions. A
dialogue between two or more people or parties intended to reach a
beneficial outcome. This beneficial outcome should be for all of the
parties involved. Debate
is a human being's internal ability to treat others
, caring, and fairness in order to understand themselves.
Phases of ethical persuasion
; they are: Explore the other person's
viewpoint. Explain your viewpoint
are methods and processes involved in
facilitating the peaceful ending of conflict and
group members attempt to resolve group conflicts by actively communicating
information about their conflicting motives or ideologies to the rest of
the group (e.g., intentions; reasons for holding certain beliefs), and by
engaging in collective negotiation.
Fact Finding Missions
is a tool to gather information, sometimes in
potentially troubled areas. The fact-finding should be comprehensive,
It should be used at the earliest possible stage to prevent disputes.
is a diplomatic policy of making political or material
concessions to an enemy power in order to avoid conflict.
is a form of communication that aims to
share information across different cultures
social groups. It is used to describe the wide range of
and problems that
appear within an organization or social context made up of individuals
from different religious, social, ethnic, and educational backgrounds.
Intercultural communication is sometimes used synonymously with
cross-cultural communication. In this sense it seeks to understand how
people from different countries and cultures act, communicate and perceive
the world around them. Many people in intercultural business communication
argue that culture determines how individuals encode messages, what medium
they choose for transmitting them, and the way messages are interpreted.
is the practice of engaging in two or more
conversations at the same time.
Communicating to A Diverse Audience
refers to cooperative, constructive and positive interaction between
people of different religious traditions
(i.e., "faiths") and/or spiritual or humanistic beliefs, at both the
individual and institutional levels. It is distinct from syncretism or
alternative religion, in that dialogue often involves promoting
understanding between different religions or beliefs to increase
acceptance of others, rather than to synthesize new belief.
is the etiquette
of diplomacy and affairs of
which describes how an activity
should be performed, especially in the field of diplomacy. Specifying the
proper and generally accepted behavior
in matters of state and diplomacy,
such as showing appropriate respect to a head of state, ranking diplomats
in chronological order of their accreditation at court, and so on.
I'm Walking on Egg Shells
refers to the
shell of an egg that is very thin and breaks easily. So if you are
'walking on eggshells' you are in a situation where you could break
something (or get in trouble or ruin everything) very easily.
what you say or do around a certain person because anything might set him
or her off. A Fragile Situation.
The unexpected challenges of a country's first election: Philippa Neave
(video and interactive text) this talk shows how extremely important
are from one language to the next. This also shows
how important education is and how extremely important having knowledge
and information is to people. The more people know and understand the
better they will be at controlling their own destinies and
is an exchange that occurs as a compromise. Exchange or replace
with another, usually of the same kind or category.
transfer of equivalent things. The act of changing one thing for
another thing. The act of giving something or giving up
something in return for something received.
is a middle way between two extremes. An accommodation in which
both sides make concessions. Settle by concession.
a deal between different parties where each party gives up part of their
demand. In arguments, compromise is a concept of finding agreement through
communication, through a mutual acceptance of
—often involving variations from an original goal or desires.
is when opposing political parties find common ground through compromise.
This is in contrast to
, where an individual or political party only adheres to
their interests without compromise.
is to do without or cease to hold or adhere to. Belonging to or
participated in by a community as a whole
scumbag politicians finally agree on something, but they only agree
because the politicians and their wealthy scumbag friends will benefit,
while the citizens get stabbed in the back as always, well maybe not
always, but most of the time.
is the compatibility of observations. Harmony of people's
opinions or actions or characters.
is the capability of existing or performing in
harmonious or congenial combination.
is harmony of people's opinions or actions or characters. Concurrence of opinion.
is an agreement of results or opinions. Acting together, as
agents or circumstances or events. A state of cooperation.
is a voluntary arrangement between two or more
parties that is enforceable at law as a binding legal agreement
is a branch of the law of obligations in jurisdictions of the civil law
is a technique for facilitating interpersonal
relationships. In order to find common ground between parties,
participants must search for signals of recognition, which are often
subtle and cause for misunderstanding. Generally, smiles, bland faces, or
frowns can be the positive, neutral or negative signals. When verbal
communication is possible, the participants can
Grounding in Communication
is the collection of "mutual
, mutual beliefs, and mutual assumptions" that is essential
for communication between two people. Successful grounding in
communication requires parties "to coordinate both the content and
process". The concept is also common in
philosophy of language
DJ Shadow feat. Run
The Jewels - Nobody Speak
(Official Video) - When Negotiations Break
down and get Ugly.
The Great Divide
We need to stop letting things
. But when people don't have enough
knowledge and information, then
becomes the biggest divider of people. When we allow simple
to define us, we ignore the
important details and we fail to communicate openly and effectively. We
need to define what is right, define what is good, define what is bad and
define what is wrong.
Simply stating your political affiliation, or any other affiliation, does
not describe in enough details your true understanding of yourself and the
world around you. You can not
. And we can not
transfer our responsibility to educate ourselves
and to be informed
using simple labels. Who are You?Ignorance is the greatest
divider of people
. So if we can educate everyone to the highest
degree possible, then there will be nothing to divide us, and people will
not be so easily distracted
Finding Common Ground
needs to be
strength, if not, this weakness will continue to kill people and continue to
destroy our homes and our planet.Knowledge
us, Inadequate Education divides us
Ethnicity divides us, Gender divides us, Authority divides us. These
simple differences should not divide us.
Life survives when things are more Right
then wrong and more good then Bad
Life does not survive when things are more wrong then right and more bad
then good. Choose Good and Choose Right. But, you can only do the right
thing when you are sure that what you are doing is the right thing to do.
You can only do a good thing when you are sure there is nothing bad about
the thing you are doing. Let us Learn this
. Everything has
we must do our best to do the things that do more
. When we do more harm then
good, Serious Consequences
Wrong, Good and Bad
should not over complicate these facts with
selfish narrow-minded perceptions
. We have
the ability to live peaceful lives. So please let us start communicating now, so that we
can finish this and get back to living, real living."
People in Power want us to keep fighting each other and to keep us divided
to distract people from the truth, with the truth being that
people do have power
, but when people
are busy fighting amongst themselves, people have very little time or
resources to fully understand the causes of problems that everyone is
facing, which leaves no time to solve problems or to make improvements.
should not divide people,
instead elections should bring people together. But that is what
don't want. They control people by diving their power and
by distracting people so they never educate themselves about the truth of
people who do not conform
support the policies of certain states. A person who actively challenges
an established doctrine, policy, or institution.
Polarization in politics
is when politicians can not agree on
important issues at hand because of their
and ignorant narrow
of reality, and stated facts. Everyone needs to
know the difference between facts
is being devoted to a particular
organization that is not necessarily devoted to you. Partisan is being
. Partisan is not dedicated to
doing what is right or good
but it's more about conforming
not based on facts
. Partisan is similar to being an
people unconsciously give better treatment to people perceived as members
of their group. This
applies to how we evaluate them, how we
distribute resources, and more. It’s prejudice
Polarization in psychology
is the behavior of a social or political
groups who are split based on opposing views. Over time, more and more
members of the original group join one or the other split group and fewer
and fewer members remain neutral. This brings the two sides or "poles"
further and further apart.Infighting
is a hidden conflict or
competitiveness within an organization.
is a difference between conflicting facts or
claims or opinions. The act of moving away in different direction from a
is a boundary in society that separates communities whose social economic
structures, opportunities for success, conventions, styles, are so
different that they have substantially different psychologies. A cultural
divide is the virtual barrier caused by cultural differences, that hinder
interactions, and harmonious exchange between people of different
refers to conflict between two or more members of the same
group or team. False Flag
is disagreements between different groups.
Realistic Conflict Theory
is when disagreements can arise as a result
of conflicting goals and competition over limited resources, and it also
offers an explanation for the feelings of prejudice and discrimination
toward the outgroup that accompany the intergroup hostility
is a difference between
conflicting facts or claims or opinions. A conflict of people's opinions
or actions or characters. The speech act of disagreeing or
Even the cells in your body have to work
r. In order for cells to live, they must Adhere to one
another, Communicate with one another, and Cooperate with one
another. In order to reproduce,
Cells must also share Life's Information
with new cells.
divided against itself will be ruined, and a house divided
against itself will fall."
"There can be no vulnerability without
risk; there can be no community without vulnerability; there can
be no peace, and ultimately no life, without community."
M. Scott Peck
Margaret Heffernan: Why it's time to forget the pecking order at
"Teaching the truth is not about
resentment, anger or disappointment. It's learning about the
mistakes that people made so we do not repeat those same
mistakes again. Horrible things have happened to all kinds of
people all over the planet, all throughout our history. And the
only way to avoid making those same mistakes, is by learning
what caused those mistakes to happen."
EconomicsDeaths Per Year
How People Die
Causes of Death
Keeping it Clean
Keeping People Safe
- Social Communication
We just got here yesterday
Why Societies and
Civilizations CollapseMoral Practices