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Learning Society

Learning Society is the process of Learning as an activity, and not just a place, and is thus decentralized and deregulated. Increasing focus on Social Networking, by using the shared learning experiences of individuals as a basis for a larger network of education and drawing on elements of systems to facilitate the ability for Lifelong Learning in the individual and Cultural Groups. Threshold Knowledge.

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Know more today about the world than I knew yesterday and lessen the suffering of others Public Service - Public Forums

Education Initiatives - Adult Education

Communication - Knowledge Management

Social Capital - Human Capital - Big 5

Learning Community is a group of people who share common academic goals and attitudes, who meet semi-regularly to collaborate on classwork.

Co-Production is where technical experts and other groups co-generate new knowledge and technologies. It is the dynamic interaction between technology and society.

Learning Economy in when knowledge is the crucial resource and learning is the most important process.

Learning Organization facilitates the learning of its members and continuously transforms itself.

Community Engagement refers to the process by which community benefit organizations and individuals build ongoing, permanent relationships for the purpose of applying a collective vision for the benefit of a community.

Community Education also known as Community-based education or Community learning and development refers to an organization's programs to promote learning and social development work with individuals and groups in their communities using a range of formal and informal methods.

Mentoring - Tutoring

Community Development is a process where community members come together to take collective action and generate solutions to common problems. Personal Development.

Lateral Communication is the exchange, imparting or sharing of information, ideas or feelings between people within a community, peer groups, departments or units of an organization who are at or about the same hierarchical level as each other for the purpose of coordinating activities, efforts or fulfilling a common purpose or goal.

Social Change includes changes in nature, social institutions, social behaviors, or social relations.

Community of Practice (CoP) is a group of people who share a craft and/or a profession. And then use the process of sharing information and experiences to learn from each other, and have an opportunity to develop themselves personally and professionally.

Community Practice also known as macro practice is a branch of social work in the United States that focuses on larger social systems and social change, and is tied to the historical roots of United States social work. The field of community practice social work encompasses community organizing, social planning, human service management, community development, policy analysis, policy advocacy, evaluation, mediation, electronic advocacy and other larger systems interventions.

Capacity Building is a conceptual approach to social or personal development that focuses on understanding the obstacles that inhibit people, governments, international organizations and non-governmental organizations from realizing their development goals while enhancing the abilities that will allow them to achieve measurable and sustainable results.

Principles of Community Engagement - PDF
Communities ideas

Knowledge Building Communities is a community in which the primary goal is Knowledge Creation rather than the construction of specific products or the completion of tasks. This notion is fundamental in Knowledge building theory. If knowledge is not realized for a community then we do not have knowledge building. Examples of KBCs are Classrooms, Academic research teams, Modern management companies, Modern business R&D groups, Wikipedia (Wikimedia Foundation together with its millions of Wikipedians) Knowledge Management

Knowledge Based Economy (PDF)

Knowledge Based Economy is the use of knowledge (savoir, savoir-faire, savoir-être) to generate tangible and intangible values. Technology and in particular knowledge technology help to transform a part of human knowledge to machines. This knowledge can be used by decision support systems in various fields and generate economic values. Knowledge economy is also possible without technology.

Knowledge Ecosystem is an approach to Knowledge Management which claims to foster the dynamic evolution of knowledge interactions between entities to improve decision-making and innovation through improved evolutionary networks of collaboration.

Knowledge Economy is the use of knowledge to generate tangible and intangible values.

Knowledge Market is a mechanism for distributing knowledge resources. There are two views on knowledge and how knowledge markets can function. One view uses a legal construct of intellectual property to make knowledge a typical scarce resource, so the traditional commodity market mechanism can be applied directly to distribute it. An alternative model is based on treating knowledge as a public good and hence encouraging free sharing of knowledge. This is often referred to as attention economy. Currently there is no consensus among researchers on relative merits of these two approaches.

Knowledge Environment are social practices, technological and physical arrangements intended to facilitate collaborative knowledge building, decision making, inference or discovery, depending on the epistemological premises and goals.

Knowledge Building addresses the need to educate people for the knowledge age society, in which knowledge and innovation are pervasive. Learning is internal, (almost) unobservable process that results in changes of beliefs, attitudes, or skills. By contrast, Knowledge building is seen as creating or modifying public knowledge. KB produces knowledge that lives ‘in the world’, and is available to be worked on and used by other people.

Knowledge Society shares and makes available to all members of the society knowledge that may be used to improve the human condition. A knowledge society differs from an information society in that the former serves to transform information into resources that allow society to take effective action while the latter only creates and disseminates the raw data.

Democratization of Knowledge is the acquisition and spread of knowledge amongst the common people, not just privileged elites such as clergy and academics. Libraries—public libraries in particular—and modern digital technology such as the internet—play a key role in the democratization of knowledge, as they provide open access of information to the masses.

Open Knowledge Foundation
Distributed Knowledge
Free Knowledge Foundation
Knowledge Mobilization
Access to Knowledge Movement 

Network Society is the social, political, economic and cultural changes caused by the spread of networked, digital information and communications technologies.

Network Economy is the emerging economic order within the information society.

Social Networking - Human Search Engine

Personal Learning Network is an informal learning network that consists of the people a learner interacts with and derives knowledge from in a personal learning environment. In a PLN, a person makes a connection with another person with the specific intent that some type of learning will occur because of that connection.

Networked Learning is a process of developing and maintaining connections with people and information, and communicating in such a way so as to support one another's learning. The central term in this definition is connections. It takes a relational stance in which learning takes place both in relation to others and in relation to learning resources.

Digital Culture is a period in human history characterized by the shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization, to an economy based on information computerization.


Sharing - The ability to share knowledge across a community is what has allowed us go to the moon, to build cars and freeways, to make milkshakes and movies, to veg out in front of the TV, to do everything that we can do by virtue of living in society.

Ecology and Society

Information Society is the creation, distribution, use, integration and manipulation of information as a significant economic, political, and cultural activity. Its main driver are digital information and communication technologies, which have resulted in an information explosion and are profoundly changing all aspects of social organization, including the economy, education, health, warfare, government and democracy. The People who have the means to partake in this form of society are sometimes called digital citizens. This is one of many dozen labels that have been identified to suggest that humans are entering a new phase of society. Overload - Filtering.

Information Economy is an economy with an increased emphasis on informational activities and information industry.

Information Industry are industries that are information intensive in one way or the other. It is considered one of the most important economic sectors for a variety of reasons. Information Stations.

Information Revolution describes current economic, social and technological trends beyond the Industrial Revolution. Information is a factor of production (along with capital, labor, land (economics)), as well as a product sold in the market, that is, a commodity. As such, it acquires use value and exchange value, and therefore a price. All products have use value, exchange value, and informational value. The latter can be measured by the information content of the product, in terms of innovation, design, etc. Digital Revolution (wiki).

Information Age is a period in human history characterized by the shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization, to an economy based on information computerization. HSE.

Knowledge Word Cloud Millennium Development Goals
Collaboration Ecology (PDF)
Urban Ecology Collaborative
Service Learning
Place-Based Education
Non Governmental Organization (NGO)

Learning Methods 
TZM Orientation

Knowledge Divide
National Service Scheme
American Community Survey
Gov Together BC

Collaborative Learning
Activity Theory
Open Curriculum

Tools for Learning  -  Tools for Sharing Knowledge
Open Data
Beta NYC
Google Public Data
Data Center Kids Count
National Consortium For Data ScienceGraphs
Citizenship initiatives (IBM)
Investigative Dashboard
Popcorn Webmaker
Citizens Connect
Open Knowledge
Knowledge Management - Data Visualization Tools
Information Stations
Collaboration - KM
Big Data 
Open Data Institute
Open Data Institute to connect, equip and inspire people around the world to innovate with data.
Open Source

Service Oriented Architecture in computer software design is an architectural style where in services are provided to the other components by application components, through a communication protocol over a network. The basic fundamental principles of service oriented architecture is independent of vendors, products and technologies. A service is a discrete unit of functionality that can be accessed remotely and acted upon and updated independently. It logically represents a business activity with a specified outcome. It is self-contained. It is a black box for its consumers. It may consist of other underlying services.

Ben Wellington: How we found the worst place to park in New York City using Big Data (video)

Gov Delivery More than 1,800 public sector agencies use our end-to-end solutions to connect with more of their citizens. Our customers use GovDelivery to increase digital engagement, grow their digital audience by cross-promoting content, build communities around data, and create modern training experiences.

Social Constructivism maintains that human development is socially situated and knowledge is constructed through interaction with others.

Constructivism International Relations significant aspects of international relations are historically and socially constructed, rather than inevitable consequences of human nature or other essential characteristics of world politics.

Opportunity Management is a process to identify business and community development opportunities that could be implemented to sustain or improve the local economy.

Social Capital - Human Capital - Working Together

Community Organization covers a series of activities at the community level aimed at bringing about desired improvement in the social well being of individuals, groups and neighborhoods.

Promise Neighborhoods mission is to improve educational outcomes for students in distressed urban and rural neighborhoods.

OzNome: Imagine that all of the data and information about Australia was linked and readily accessible to those with a right and and need to use it. Imagine that this information was connected seamlessly to our knowledge base as encapsulated in various predictive models. Imagine a world where fit-for-purpose information, necessary for a particular activity, regardless of the scale of that activity, is available as and when it is needed, ready for use, delivered to where it is needed, sensitive to any privacy concerns.

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Australian Government - CSIRO

European Union (EU) spatial Data Infrastructure
Economy-wide Sensor Network and Data Resource

Public Forums

Town Hall Meeting is an informal public meeting, function, or event open to everybody in a town community and held at the local municipal building. Attendees generally present ideas, voice their opinions, ask questions of the public figures, elected officials, or political candidates at the town hall. Attendees rarely vote on an issue or propose an alternative to a situation. It is not used outside of this secular context. Feedback Loop.

Town Meeting is a form of direct democratic rule used to discuss issues.

Motion in democracy is a formal step to introduce a matter for consideration by a group. It is a common concept in the procedure of trade unions, students' unions, corporations, and other deliberative assemblies. Motions can be oral or in writing, the written form being known as a resolution.

Thing Assembly was the governing assembly of a Germanic society, made up of the free people of the community presided over by law speakers. Its meeting-place was called a thingstead.

Right to Assemble and Petition

Meeting Tips

Forum is a public meeting or assembly for open discussion.

Public Forum is a property that is open to public expression and assembly.

Public Forum Debate is a style of debate for teams of two. Individuals give short (2-4 minute) speeches; these are interspersed with 3 minute "crossfire" sections, questions and answers between opposed debaters. The winner is determined by a single judge who also serves as a referee (timing sections, penalizing incivility, etc).

Internet Forum is an online discussion site where people can hold conversations in the form of posted messages. They differ from chat rooms in that messages are often longer than one line of text, and are at least temporarily archived. Also, depending on the access level of a user or the forum set-up, a posted message might need to be approved by a moderator before it becomes visible.

Minutes also known as protocols or, informally, notes, are the instant written record of a meeting or hearing. They typically describe the events of the meeting and may include a list of attendees, a statement of the issues considered by the participants, and related responses or decisions for the issues. Minutes may be created during the meeting by a typist or court reporter, who may use shorthand notation and then prepare the minutes and issue them to the participants afterwards. Alternatively, the meeting can be audio recorded, video recorded, or a group's appointed or informally assigned secretary may take notes, with minutes prepared later. Many government agencies use minutes recording software to record and prepare all minutes in real-time. Minutes are the official written record of the meetings of an organization or group. They are not transcripts of those proceedings. Using Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised (RONR), the minutes should contain mainly a record of what was done at the meeting, not what was said by the members. The organization may have its own rules regarding the content of the minutes. For most organizations or groups, it is important for the minutes to be terse and only include a summary of the decisions. A verbatim report (transcript) is typically not useful. Unless the organization's rules require it, a summary of the discussions in a meeting is neither necessary nor appropriate. The minutes of certain groups, such as a corporate board of directors, must be kept on file and are important legal documents. Minutes from board meetings are kept separately from minutes of general membership meetings within the same organization. Also, minutes of executive sessions may be kept separately. Committees are not required to keep formal minutes although less formal notes may be taken. For committees, their formal records are the reports submitted to their parent body.

Consortium - Group Decisions

Hearing is a proceeding before a court or other decision-making body or officer, such as a government agency or a Parliamentary committee.

Public Participation holds that those who are affected by a decision have a right to be involved in the decision-making process. Right to Public Participation is similar to the Right to Information.

Referendum is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal. This may result in the adoption of a new law.

Debating - Argument

Presentations (charts and graphs) - Performance

Famous Speeches (inspiration)

Public Speaking is the process, or act of performing a speech to a live audience. This speech is deliberately structured with three general purposes: to inform, to persuade, and to entertain. Closely allied to "presenting," although the latter is more often associated with commercial activity, public speaking is commonly understood as formal, face-to-face talking of a single person to a group of listeners.

Public Speaking (youtube)

Lecture is an oral presentation intended to present information or teach people about a particular subject, for example by a university or college teacher. Lectures are used to convey critical information, history, background, theories, and equations. A politician's speech, a minister's sermon, or even a businessman's sales presentation may be similar in form to a lecture. Usually the lecturer will stand at the front of the room and recite information relevant to the lecture's content.

Keynote in public speaking is a talk that establishes a main underlying theme. In corporate or commercial settings, greater importance is attached to the delivery of a keynote speech or keynote address. The keynote establishes the framework for the following programme of events or convention agenda; frequently the role of keynote speaker will include that of convention moderator. It will also flag up a larger idea – a literary story, an individual musical piece or event.

Mediation (arbitration) - Medium

Moderator is someone who presides over a forum or debate. Someone who mediates disputes and attempts to avoid violence. The moderator role is to act as a neutral participant in a debate or discussion, holds participants to time limits and tries to keep them from straying off the topic of the questions being raised in the debate. Moderator is an elected official who presides over the Town Meeting form of government.

Discussion Moderator is a person whose role is to act as a neutral participant in a debate or discussion, holds participants to time limits and trying to keep them from straying off the topic of the questions being raised in the debate. Sometimes moderators may ask questions intended to allow the debate participants to fully develop their argument in order to ensure the debate moves at pace. In panel discussions commonly held at academic conferences, the moderator usually introduces the participants and solicits questions from the audience. On television and radio shows, a moderator will often take calls from people having differing views, and will use those calls as a starting point to ask questions of guests on the show. Perhaps the most prominent role of moderators is in political debates, which have become a common feature of election campaigns. The moderator may have complete control over which questions to ask, or may act as a filter by selecting questions from the audience.

Spokesperson is someone engaged or elected to speak on behalf of others.

"Everyone brings something to the table. no matter who you are or where you are from, or what disability you may have, everyone has something valuable to share, everyone."

Sometimes negative feedback is where someone just wants to discredit you without any evidence or facts to prove their opinion. The same problem with positive feedback, sometimes people just want to credit you without any evidence or facts that proves that you deserve the credit, so it may end up giving you a false sense of security, or have you appreciate someone or something under false pretenses. Feedback needs to be accurate and factual without bias.

Community Organizing is a process where people who live in proximity to each other come together into an organization that acts in their shared self-interest.

Activism (social participation)

Community Action

Task Force is a unit or formation established to work on a single defined task or activity.

Committee is a body of one or more persons that is subordinate to a deliberative assembly. Usually, the assembly sends matters into a committee as a way to explore them more fully than would be possible if the assembly itself were considering them. Committees may have different functions and the type of work that each committee does would depend on the type of organization and its needs.

Proposal is a written offer from a seller to a prospective buyer. Business proposals are often a key step in the complex sales process—i.e., whenever a buyer considers more than price in a purchase.  A proposal puts the buyer's requirements in a context that favors the seller's products and services, and educates the buyer about the capabilities of the seller in satisfying their needs.

Public Awareness campaigns can motivate changes in behavior in a number of ways as well as making people well-informed so that they make wiser consumer choices.

Public Awareness Campaign (PDF) 
Public Awareness Campaign (PDF)

Public Service Announcement is a message in the public interest disseminated by the media without charge, with the objective of raising awareness, changing public attitudes and behavior towards a social issue.

Public Information Film are a series of government commissioned short films.

Public Inquiry is an official review of events or actions ordered by a government body. Right to Information.

"We need to teach people how to be consumers of knowledge and information instead of consumers of inferior products that actually lower the quality of life, and cause more harm then good. Consuming knowledge and information on a daily basis is good for you, just like exercising and eating healthy."

Citizen Feedback - Surveys

I'm always disappointed in most Public Surveys because most are so ignorant and so wasteful, mostly because all the questions that they ask are not even clear enough to be answered correctly, like most tests. And most of these surveys are created by ignorant and corrupt politicians who will only exploit people for their opinions, and not help them like they claim they will. An Opinion Poll that seeks peoples opinions has to be informative and educational at the same time, otherwise it is a total waste of paper, time, people and resources. And the worst part is that most of the time the information from surveys will most likely be exploited, which will waste even more time, people and resources. So one part of the Statistical Survey should be about getting valuable feedback from people, and one part should be about explaining the questions, and one part should be about providing important information and important knowledge pertaining to the subjects. When you give people more information and more knowledge about subjects, it helps people understand more about the facts of the subject so that people can now have a more informed opinion. People should only answer the questions that they can accurately answer. People should also know what they're voting for. Plus you should always show previous survey numbers and how that particular information was used to make changes. You want to let people know that their opinions matter, but more importantly, you have to use those moments as a chance to educate people more about their surroundings and show them other ways of how they can help make improvements without having to wait for changes, changes that will never come or changes that will come with a huge price to pay.

Comments - Feedback (cause and effect)

You have to make sure that people are not just Phishing.

Public Opinion Measuring (PDF)

Question and Answer Formats

Check Sheet is a form or document used to collect data in real time at the location where the data is generated. The data it captures can be quantitative or qualitative. When the information is quantitative, the check sheet is sometimes called a tally sheet.

Straw Poll provide dialogue among movements within large groups. Impromptu straw polls often are taken to see if there is enough support for an idea to devote more meeting time to it, and (when not a secret ballot) for the attendees to see who is on which side of a question. However, in meetings subject to Robert's Rules of Order, straw polls are not allowed. Among political bodies, straw polls often are scheduled for events at which many people interested in the polling question can be expected to vote. Sometimes polls conducted without ordinary voting controls in place (i.e., on an honor system, such as in online polls) are also called "straw polls". The idiom may allude to a straw (thin plant stalk) held up to see in what direction the wind blows, in this case, the wind of group opinion.

Tally voting an unofficial private observation of an election count carried out under Proportional Representation using the Single Transferable Vote.

Proportional Representation characterizes electoral systems by which divisions into an electorate are reflected proportionately into the elected body. If n% of the electorate support a particular political party, then roughly n% of seats will be won by that party. The essence of such systems is that all votes contribute to the result: not just a plurality, or a bare majority, of them. The most prevalent forms of proportional representation all require the use of multiple-member voting districts (also called super-districts), as it is not possible to fill a single seat in a proportional manner. In fact, the implementations of PR that achieve the highest levels of proportionality tend to include districts with large numbers of seats. The most widely used families of PR electoral systems are party list PR, the single transferable vote (STV), and mixed member proportional representation (MMP). Counting.

Selection Effect is the selection of individuals, groups or data for analysis in such a way that proper randomization is not achieved, thereby ensuring that the sample obtained is not representative of the population intended to be analyzed.

Initiative is a means by which a Petition Signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote (plebiscite).

Poll Everywhere

Majority is the greater part, or more than half, of the total. It is a subset of a set consisting of more than half of the set's elements.

Ratings - Evaluations - Research Resources

Misuse of Statistics in when misleading information can trick the casual observer into believing something other than what the data shows.

Opinion Poll is a human research survey of public opinion from a particular sample. Opinion polls are usually designed to represent the opinions of a group of people by conducting a series of questions and then extrapolating generalities in ratio or within confidence intervals. This is not Scientific Research so accuracy is unreliable.

Public Opinion (influences)

Government Watchdogs

Survey in human research is a list of questions aimed at extracting specific data from a particular group of people. Surveys may be conducted by phone, mail, via the internet, and sometimes face-to-face on busy street corners or in malls. Surveys are used to increase knowledge in fields such as social research and demography. Survey research is often used to assess thoughts, opinions, and feelings. Surveys can be specific and limited, or they can have more global, widespread goals. Psychologists and sociologists often use surveys to analyze behavior, while it is also used to meet the more pragmatic needs of the media, such as, in evaluating political candidates, public health officials, professional organizations, and advertising and marketing directors. A survey consists of a predetermined set of questions that is given to a sample. With a representative sample, that is, one that is representative of the larger population of interest, one can describe the attitudes of the population from which the sample was drawn. Further, one can compare the attitudes of different populations as well as look for changes in attitudes over time. A good sample selection is key as it allows one to generalize the findings from the sample to the population, which is the whole purpose of survey research. Number Needed to Educate? Types of Surveys (wiki)

Survey is a detailed critical inspection. Short descriptive summary (of events). Consider in a comprehensive way. Look over carefully or inspect. Make a survey of; for statistical purposes. Response Bias

Survey Sampling describes the process of selecting a sample of elements from a target population to conduct a survey. The term "survey" may refer to many different types or techniques of observation. In survey sampling it most often involves a questionnaire used to measure the characteristics and/or attitudes of people. Different ways of contacting members of a sample once they have been selected is the subject of survey data collection. The purpose of sampling is to reduce the cost and/or the amount of work that it would take to survey the entire target population. A survey that measures the entire target population is called a census. Survey samples can be broadly divided into two types: probability samples and non-probability samples. Probability-based samples implement a sampling plan with specified probabilities (perhaps adapted probabilities specified by an adaptive procedure). Probability-based sampling allows design-based inference about the target population. The inferences are based on a known objective probability distribution that was specified in the study protocol. Inferences from probability-based surveys may still suffer from many types of bias. Surveys that are not based on probability sampling have greater difficulty measuring their bias or sampling error. Surveys based on non-probability samples often fail to represent the people in the target population.

Sampling in statistics is concerned with the selection of a subset of individuals from within a statistical population to estimate characteristics of the whole population. Two advantages of sampling are that the cost is lower and data collection is faster than measuring the entire population. Each observation measures one or more properties (such as weight, location, color) of observable bodies distinguished as independent objects or individuals. In survey sampling, weights can be applied to the data to adjust for the sample design, particularly stratified sampling. Results from probability theory and statistical theory are employed to guide the practice. In business and medical research, sampling is widely used for gathering information about a population. Acceptance sampling is used to determine if a production lot of material meets the governing specifications. The sampling process comprises several stages: Defining the population of concern. Specifying a sampling frame, a set of items or events possible to measure. Specifying a sampling method for selecting items or events from the frame. Determining the sample size. Implementing the sampling plan. Sampling and data collecting.

Census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.

Survey Data Collection are any of a number of ways in which data can be collected for a statistical survey. These are methods that are used to collect information from a sample of individuals in a systematic way. First there was the change from traditional paper-and-pencil interviewing (PAPI) to computer-assisted interviewing (CAI). Now, face-to-face surveys (CAPI), telephone surveys (CATI), and mail surveys (CASI, CSAQ) are increasingly replaced by web surveys.

General Social Surveys - Survey Monkey

Survey Methodology studies the sampling of individual units from a population and the associated survey data collection techniques, such as questionnaire construction and methods for improving the number and accuracy of responses to surveys. Survey methodology includes instruments or procedures that ask one or more questions that may, or may not, be answered. Statistical surveys are undertaken with a view towards making statistical inferences about the population being studied, and this depends strongly on the survey questions used. Polls about public opinion, public health surveys, market research surveys, government surveys and censuses are all examples of quantitative research that use contemporary survey methodology to answer questions about a population. Although censuses do not include a "sample", they do include other aspects of survey methodology, like questionnaires, interviewers, and nonresponse follow-up techniques. Surveys provide important information for all kinds of public information and research fields, e.g., marketing research, psychology, health professionals and sociology. Gallup analytics and advice about the attitudes and behaviors of employees, customers.

Question and Answer Websites can provide great feedback. But you also need to print out these forms for people without access to technology. every News Paper in the world needs to print out Q&A's at least once a week.

Health Surveys
Media Keywords
Voting has the same problems
Testing also has the same problems

The Thinker Man