Evaluating the truthfulness of fake news through online searches
increases the chances of believing misinformation. Conventional wisdom
suggests that searching online to evaluate the veracity of misinformation
would reduce belief in it. But a new study by a team of researchers shows
the opposite occurs: Searching to evaluate the truthfulness of false news
articles actually increases the probability of believing misinformation.
Search results are tailored to you. low
return of credible information or, more alarming, the appearance of
non-credible information at the top of search results.
Speech Community is a group of people who
share a set of linguistic
norms and expectations regarding the use of
interact frequently and share certain norms and
groups can be villages, countries, political or professional communities,
communities with shared interests, hobbies, or lifestyles, or even just
groups of friends. Speech communities may share both particular sets of
vocabulary and grammatical conventions, as well as speech styles and
genres, and also norms for how and when to speak in particular ways.
Social media algorithms exploit how humans learn from their peers.
Algorithms are usually selecting information that boosts user engagement
in order to increase advertising revenue. This means algorithms amplify
the very information humans are biased to learn from, and they can
oversaturate social media feeds with what the researchers call
Prestigious, Ingroup, Moral, and Emotional
or PRIME information, regardless of the content's accuracy or
representativeness of a group's opinions. As a result, extreme political
content or controversial topics are more likely to be amplified, and if
users are not exposed to outside opinions, they might find themselves with
a false understanding of the majority opinion of different groups. In
prehistoric societies, humans tended to learn from members of our ingroup
or from more prestigious individuals, as this information was more likely
to be reliable and result in group success. However, with the advent of
diverse and complex modern communities -- and especially in social media
-- these biases become less effective. For example, a person we are
connected to online might not necessarily be trustworthy, and people can
easily feign prestige on social media. Now, a group of social scientists
describe how the functions of social media algorithms are misaligned with
human social instincts meant to foster cooperation, which can lead to
large-scale polarization and misinformation. Humans are biased to learn
from others in a way that typically promotes cooperation and collective
problem-solving, which is why they tend to learn more from individuals
they perceive as a part of their ingroup and those they perceive to be
prestigious. In addition, when learning biases were first evolving,
morally and emotionally charged information was important to prioritize,
as this information would be more likely to be relevant to enforcing group
norms and ensuring collective survival.
You're Staring at the Wall means
that you are not learning anything and basically just watching nothing
informative. The wall keeps you closed in and
That is what most of the media is like. You're probably better off staring
at a real wall.
Influence of Mass Media has an effect on many aspects of human life,
which can include voting a certain way, individual views and beliefs, or
skewing a person's knowledge of a specific topic due to being provided
false information. The overall
mass media has increased
drastically over the years, and will continue to do so as the media itself
We want certain information to be personalized and individualized at
times depending on a persons needs, but not so much that the information becomes isolated or
Even a social network can be a type of
filter bubble when your friends all think alike. So your Sphere of
influence may be blinding you.
The worst type of bubble is the
knowledge bubble, where a
persons lack of
knowledge keeps a person blind to everything beyond the bubble. Learning
valuable knowledge can pop that bubble and reveal a world that you never knew existed.
Information is layered, so
you need to see beyond the surface of words and images. You need to see
the whole picture and
all the layers underneath. Then you can
what information is needed, and avoid being distracted by irrelevant
details and misinformation.
There is a serious problem
with how people receive information and how people
You can ask two people the same question and get two different answers.
How can that be? How can
two judges who have access to the same
information come up with
two different answers?
How can the Supreme Court Judges be split when they see the same
information? There is no universal
education standard or universal media standard that delivers
information that are consistent, reliable and
accurate. We have math
standards so that the equation 2+2=4 is the same for everyone. But when
people can make up their own answers and say that 2+2=13, then you have
lots of problems like crimes and corruption. So the human race is in
desperate need of a universal communication standard that guarantees that
everyone has the same facts and has the same
procedure on how to process
those facts effectively, efficiently, and accurately. Life exists because
DNA has the instructions on how to develop. But humans don't have an
instruction book for life, or a book that explains how to develop as a
person. Group Decision
Conformity. Sorry to Burst your
Bubble is a saying that means when you have to tell someone an
about something. To give someone information that will probably disappoint
them. To give someone bad news that ruins their expectations and reveals
that their beliefs about something were wrong. This
metaphorically bursts the bubble that a person lived
in, and now that the bubble has burst, they can finally see what they
could not see before, the lies and the deceit that they were blind to, all
because they lived in a bubble, and that bubble was
their fantasy world.
Informing the Public - Briefed - Updated - Know What's Going On
Mass Communication is the process of imparting and exchanging
mass media to large segments of the population. It is usually
understood for relating to various forms of media, as its technologies are
used for the dissemination of information, of which journalism and
advertising are part.
Tell It Like It Is means for someone to
facts of a
situation no matter how unpleasant they may be.
Tell It To Me Straight is to ask someone to
speak bluntly, directly, and
without giving a watered
down version of the facts and without beating about the bush. It is to
give someone just the facts that are straightforward and in a direct way.
Blunt is characterized by
directness in manner or
speech without being
subtle and without evasion. Evasion is
a statement that is not literally false but that cleverly avoids an
Don't Pull Any Punches is to speak very
bluntly and directly, without regard to whether one's words may upset
someone. To behave unrestrainedly, hold nothing back or to act without
restraint or limitations.
that the truth is debatable.
is out of the Bottle is to make information known to everyone that
causes a situation to change, so that it is no longer possible to go back
to an earlier state because the truth is known.
Briefing or Being Briefed is a
summary of relevant facts that outlines important matters and information
that is needed to be prepared for the actions that have to be taken that
would help maintain stability and also
improve the quality of life by
becoming more effective and more efficient. A briefing helps to explain
your priorities and the most important
responsibilities that you have.
Things that you have to do, but it does not include everything that you
can do. You still have other options and other choices that you have to
make during the day. The briefing is just the beginning. May the force be with you.
To Do List.
Psychological Debriefing is broadly defined as a set of procedures
including counseling and the
giving of information aimed at preventing
and aiding recovery
after a traumatic event.
Debriefing is the act of informing
participants about the intentions of the study in which they just
participated; during this process, researchers reveal any deceptions that
occurred and explain why deception was necessary. Debriefing typically
occurs at the conclusion of participants' study involvement.
is a report of a
or project or the information so obtained. It is a structured process
following an exercise or event that reviews the actions taken. As a
technical term, it implies a specific and
active intervention process that
has developed with more formal meanings such as operational debriefing. It
is classified into different types, which include military, experiential,
and psychological debriefing, among others.
President's Daily Brief is a top secret document produced and given
each morning at 07:45 to the President of the United States, and is also
distributed to a small number of top-level US officials who are approved
by the president, and includes highly classified intelligence analysis,
information about covert operations of the US
Central Intelligence Agency
or CIA and reports from the most sensitive US sources or those shared by
allied intelligence agencies. Intelligence
briefing is the highly classified summary of the nation's secrets.
Whether ex-presidents get intel briefings is entirely up to the sitting
president. As a courtesy, former presidents are typically assured
continued access to the country’s secrets when they request it, except for
trump. Trump was not known to fully or regularly read the President's
Daily Brief when he was in office. He was instead orally briefed two or
three times a week by his intelligence officials, CNN has reported.
Defense Intelligence Agency informs national civilian and defense
policymakers about the military intentions and capabilities of foreign
governments and non-state actors. It also provides intelligence
assistance, integration and coordination across uniformed
intelligence components, which remain structurally separate from DIA.
The agency's role encompasses the collection and analysis of
military-related foreign political, economic, industrial, geographic, and
medical and health intelligence. DIA produces approximately one-fourth of
all intelligence content that goes into the President's Daily Brief.
Intel is short for intelligence
that means useful information
concerning a subject of interest, or information of military or political
Open Source Intelligence is the
collection and analysis of data gathered from open sources (covert and
publicly available sources) to produce actionable intelligence.
Intelligence Cycle is the fundamental cycle of intelligence processing
in a civilian or military
intelligence agency or in law enforcement as a closed path consisting
of repeating nodes. The stages of the intelligence cycle include the
issuance of requirements by decision makers, collection, processing,
analysis, and publication of intelligence. The circuit is completed when
decision makers provide feedback and revised requirements. The
intelligence cycle is also called the Intelligence Process by the U.S.
Department of Defense and the uniformed services. The intelligence
cycle is an effective way of processing information and turning it into
relevant and actionable intelligence.
Right to know is the legal principle that the
individual has the right
to know the chemicals to which they may be exposed in their daily living.
It is embodied in federal law in the United States as well as in local
laws in several states. "Right to Know" laws take two forms: Community
Right to Know and Workplace Right to Know. Each grants certain rights to
Pretend to Know.
Insight is the understanding of a specific
effect within a particular
context. The term insight can have several related meanings: A piece
The act or result of
inner nature of things or of seeing
introspection. The power of
acute observation and
called intellection or noesis. An understanding of cause and effect based
on identification of relationships and behaviors within a model, context,
An insight that
manifests itself suddenly, such as understanding how to solve a
difficult problem, is sometimes called by the German word Aha-Erlebnis.
The term was coined by the German psychologist and theoretical linguist
Karl Bühler. It is also known as an
eureka moment or
the penny dropping moment. Sudden sickening realizations identifying a
problem rather than solving it, so Uh-oh rather than Aha moments are
further seen in negative insight. A further example of
negative insight is chagrin
which is annoyance at the obviousness of a solution missed up until the
point of insight, an example of this being the Homer Simpson's D'oh!
Inside Information is information that
is only available to people within an organization or for people who have
contacts within an organization.
Situation Report is a a
report on a situation
containing verified, factual information that gives a clear picture of the
"who, what, where, when, why and how" of an incident or situation. Many
organizations use situation reports to give superiors the input and
information they require to make correct and appropriate decisions.
Emergency management organizations, government agencies, armed services,
businesses, law enforcement agencies, humanitarian nongovernmental
organizations and diplomats all rely on situation reports.
White House Situation
Matter at Hand is the issue, topic, or task
that is currently being discussed or is the current
Fill Someone In is to give them the
necessary information or recently acquired information. Fill me in, what's
happening? What's the latest? Give me an update.
Giving Someone a Heads-Up is to tell
someone that something is going to happen or to
warn someone about
something that is going to happen. To look up because of possible
To be alert and have attention, and to look ahead.
Scope is an estimate or a determination of
the nature, value, quality, ability, extent, or the significance of
something. The state of the environment in which a situation exists.
The Gist of It.
Patch is a set of changes to a computer program or its supporting data
designed to update,
improve it. A short
set of commands to correct a bug in a computer program. A connection
intended to be used for a limited time.
Notification Service provides means to send a notice to many persons
at once. Notifications may be by e-mail, telephone, fax, text messages,
etc. Identical messages may be broadcast, or the messages may be
personalized. A message may, or may not require a response.
Public Knowledge is
information that is
generally known and is usually available to anyone and that most people
usually know because it has been reported in the news. "If you don't know,
now you know."
My Work is Public Knowledge, but public
doesn't always work. Just putting the
knowledge out there is not enough.
People need to understand the value of knowledge and be interested in
becoming more knowledgeable, and have a commitment to
also needs access to knowledge. Just because information is out there, that
doesn't mean that it's in there, or
in the hearts and
in the minds of
people. There has to be a
follow-up or a test of
some kind so that we can confirm that the information and knowledge has been understood
Creative Commons is an international network devoted to educational
access and expanding the range of
creative works available
for others to build upon legally and to share.
Science Commons was a creative commons project for designing
strategies and tools for faster, more efficient web-enabled
research. The organization's goals were to identify unnecessary barriers
to research, craft policy guidelines and legal agreements to lower those
barriers, and develop technology to make research data and materials
easier to find and use. Its overarching goal was to speed the translation
of data into discovery and thereby the value of research.
Popular Science is an interpretation of science intended for a general
audience. While science journalism focuses on recent scientific
developments, popular science is more broad-ranging. It may be written by
professional science journalists or by scientists themselves. It is
presented in many forms, including books, film and television
documentaries, magazine articles, and web pages.
Announcement is a
formal public statement.
A public statement containing information about an event that has happened
or is going to happen.
Bulletin Board is a surface intended for the posting of public
messages, for example, to advertise items wanted or for sale, announce
events, or provide information. Bulletin boards are often made of a
material such as cork to facilitate addition and removal of messages, as
well as a writing surface such as blackboard or whiteboard. A bulletin
board which combines a pinboard (corkboard) and writing surface is known
as a combination bulletin board. Bulletin boards can also be entirely in
the digital domain and placed on computer networks so people can leave and
erase messages for other people to read and see, as in a bulletin board
Community Bulletin Board is a digital signage system that public,
educational, and government access cable television providers use as a
Barker channel to keep communities up to date of events listings, weather
and other news that can be delivered by using digital on-screen graphics.
The electronic bulletin board concept is a form of Technological
client software or a web application which aggregates syndicated web
content such as online newspapers, blogs, podcasts, and video blogs (vlogs)
in one location for easy viewing.
Search Aggregator (search engines).
is to gather and
combine several different elements of separate units to form into a
mass or whole. A
sum total of many different things taken together. A material or
structure formed from a loosely
compacted mass of fragments or particles. The whole amount.
in law is a written legal document used in various
systems that is presented to a court arguing why one party to a particular
case should prevail. Trial briefs are
presented at trial to resolve a disputed point of evidence.
Legal briefs are used as part of arguing a
pre-trial motion in a case or proceeding. Merit
briefs (or briefs on the merits) refers to briefs on the inherent
rights and wrongs of a case, absent any emotional or technical biases.
Amicus briefs refer to briefs filed by
persons not directly party to the case. These are often groups that have a
direct interest in the outcome. Appellate briefs
refer to briefs that occur at the appeal stage. Introduce is to bring something before the
public for the first time. Something that comes before and indicates the
approach of something or someone. Furnish with a preface or introduction.
Introducing is to cause something or
someone to be known personally. Bring something new to an environment.
Bring in a new person or object into a familiar environment. Bring before
the public for the first time.
is introducing something new. Formally making a person to be known to
another or to the public. The act of starting something for the first time
or the first section of a communication. A new
Proclamation a public or
official announcement, especially one dealing
with a matter of great importance. The public or official announcement of
an important matter. A clear
declaration of something. is an
issued by a person of authority to make certain announcements known.
Proclamations are currently used within the governing framework of some
nations and are usually issued in the name of the head of state.
Declaration in law is a formal or explicit statement or announcement.
The formal announcement of the beginning of a state or condition. An
authoritative establishment of fact. Declarations take various forms in
different legal systems.
Public Information Officers constantly review media sources and determine
the best ways to announce news, handle crises, or release information.
They design communication programs and strategies relating to media
relations, maintain and update media databases, and coordinate special
public relations events.
Public Information Officer duties & responsibilities:
critical information effectively to the public. Write press releases and
prepare information for distribution by media outlets. Draft speeches and
arrange interviews for
government officials. Respond to requests for information from media
outlets. Be the face of a government organization in the absence of an
elected leader. Help maintain and uphold a certain image and identity for
government officials or organizations. Public Information Officer Skills &
skills: Public information officers interact with people regularly,
from the media and press to the public and government officials.
Organizational skills: People in
this position must be able to effectively work on several projects at the
same time. Problem-solving
skills: Public information officers must be able to handle difficult
and sensitive situations with discretion and grace.
Communication skills: They
must be able to write compelling, concise press releases and speeches and
also effectively speak in public.
information about current events. This may be provided through many
different medias such as word of mouth, printing, postal systems, broadcasting,
electronic communication, or through the testimony of observers and
witnesses to events. Common topics for
news reports include war,
government, politics, education, health, the environment, economy,
business, fashion, and entertainment, as well as athletic events, quirky
or unusual events. Government proclamations, concerning royal ceremonies,
laws, taxes, public health, and criminals, have been dubbed news since
ancient times. Humans exhibit a nearly universal desire to learn and share
news, which they satisfy by talking to each other and sharing information.
Technological and social developments, often driven by government
communication and espionage networks, have increased the speed with which
news can spread, as well as influenced its content. The genre of news as
we know it today is closely associated with the newspaper.
When you have a lot of valuable
creates a lot of energy inside you. This causes you to feel the need to
share this knowledge and release some of that energy to the receiver, like
with electron sharing. But
when people can't understand you, or get what you're talking about, then
you have to be careful what you say, how you say it, why you say it and
when you say it.
Conversations need to be modified for the
is why personalized
education is so extremely effective and efficient. You just can't
state facts, you also have to interpret and
translate those facts in a
meaningful way that can be clearly understood. Releasing the energy of
knowledge needs to have a receiver who can understand and utilize that
knowledge effectively and efficiently. The biggest responsibility of
having knowledge is knowing how to
effectively and efficiently. If you give someone
and then they misuse that information or misunderstand that information,
and then they do something harmful to themselves or harmful to others,
then there may be a casual relation to that information. And its not so
much the information that you give a person, it's the information that
person already has that is being used to
information. If someone has a lack of knowledge and also lacks the ability
to effectively process information, then just giving them a small amount
of information or incomplete information, may do more harm than good.
There has to be instructions that comes with information.
Penetrate is to pass into or through, often by overcoming
resistance. Come to understand. Become clear or enter one's
emotions. Make one's way deeper into or through. Spread or diffuse
Sink In is to become clear
or enter one's consciousness or
emotions. Pass through. click. fall into place.
Get Across is to communicate successfully.
Become clear or enter one's
emotions. Fall into place.
is to succeed in reaching a real or abstract destination after overcoming
problems. Become clear or enter one's
emotions. Finish a task completely.
is to be at the destination after some time, either real or abstract; come
to a given position. Get to a certain state, level, or point in time. To
gain with effort. To exert much effort or energy. An area in which
something acts or operates or has power or control. Move forward or upward
in order to touch; also in a metaphorical sense. Be in or establish
communication with. The limits within which something can be effective.
I need to know -
Mark Anthony (youtube) - If it's true don't leave me all alone out
here, Wondering if you're ever gonna take me there, Tell me what you're
feeling cause I need to know, Girl you've gotta let me know which way to
go, Cause I need to know, I need to know, Tell me baby girl cause I need
to know, I need to know, I need to know, Tell me baby girl cause
I need to know.
Multitasking - Doing Several Things at Once
involves using TV, the Web, radio, telephone, print, or any other media in
conjunction with another. Also referred to as "simultaneous media use," or
"multi-communicating," this behavior has emerged as increasingly common,
especially among younger media users. Simultaneous Multimedia Multitasking,
for when you have to Search Far and Wide, and Dig Deep in order to get the
Facts about the
world so you can see the world for what it is.
Polychronic Person is able to perform
multiple tasks simultaneously. A polychronic person may watch television,
surf the Internet and talk on the telephone at the same time.
Life is a Balancing Act.
is doing more than one thing at a time, or doing
several things at once, almost like what the
human body does
every second, but not as good. Multitasking is a human
ability to perform
more than one task, or activity, over a short period of time. Like talking on the phone while writing an e-mail. Or
cooking several things on the stove at the same time while maintaining
temperatures and cooking times, and measuring ingredients and preparing
other food items as part of a big meal. People can also
musical instruments at the same time or play the
singing at the same time, where you need to
coordinate several body movements
simultaneously. But we're not effective in
attention to multiple tasks at the same time, so we
switch back and forth
between tasks. The trick to effective multitasking is
knowing when to
switch focus. But multitasking does have its flaws. We can't
effectively listen to someone speaking when we're thinking about
something else. Like with the
cognitive flexibility limits. Is multitasking bad for you? No.
But abusing your
ability to multitask is definitely bad for you. Like when trying to do too
many things at once. Don't over estimate your abilities. You still have to learn how to use things effectively and efficiently,
like with technology. This is
because learning the wrong things
is bad for you, and doing the wrong things is bad for you, especially
habitual things that you're not conscious of. One of the bad
things about multitasking is that your
unfocused, so mistakes can easily happen.
The good thing about doing things at the same time
is that it can save time and increase your
productivity, but only when you fully
understand each task separately and have
function and use. So you
still need to know how to focus on just one
thing at a
time, and know how put all your energy towards just one thing, and do it
without being distracted. Is
multitasking an experience?
Long-Term Multitasking is working on
several different goals in the same time period. Focusing on one thing at
a time, but having several different things to focus on in the same day or
same time period. Like learning several different skills in the same year. Or
cross training by exercising several body regions in the same workout. Or
balancing two or three jobs or careers or
several responsibilities in the same day
or in the same week. You have to be able to mentally detach from your work
and also mentally reconnect or reattach to your work and be able to
activate work-related goals, while feeling dedicated to your work. Multitasking is an important
everyone needs to master. Multi-tasking shows the power of the brain and
its logical analyzing ability to manipulate multiple variables held in the
The thing about multitasking is that I
can temporally ignore the things that I am grateful for and ignore the
things that I need to live, so that I can temporally focus on something
important that I need to think about in a particular moment in time. But
when I am distracted
or worried about things that keeps me from being focused on things that I
really need to think about, then that's when multitasking becomes a
problem instead of a solution. Thinking is important, but it's what you
actually think about that is the most important thing, and not just the
process of thinking, but what exactly are you processing.
Unitasker is a person or thing that does
one single thing at a time.
In the Thick of Stuff is to be very
busy and preoccupied, or in the middle of doing things or busy doing
is a concept of performing
multiple tasks or
processes over a
certain period of time by executing them
concurrently. New tasks start and
interrupt already started ones before they have reached completion,
instead of executing the tasks sequentially so each started task needs to
reach its end before a new one is started. As a result, a computer
executes segments of multiple tasks in an interleaved manner, while the
tasks share common processing resources such as
central processing units
and main memory. Multitasking does not necessarily mean that
multiple tasks are executing at exactly the same time or simultaneously. In
other words, multitasking does not imply parallel execution, but it does
mean that more than one task can be part-way through execution at the same
time, and that more than one task is advancing over a given period of
time. Even on multiprocessor or multicore computers, which have multiple
CPUs/cores so more than one task can be executed at once (physically, one
per CPU or core), multitasking allows many more tasks to be run than there
are CPUs. In the case of a computer with a single CPU, only one task is
said to be running at any point in time, meaning that the CPU is actively
executing instructions for that task. Multitasking solves the problem by
scheduling which task may be the one running at any given time, and when
another waiting task gets a turn. The act of reassigning a CPU
task to another one is called a context switch; the illusion of
parallelism is achieved when context switches occur frequently enough.
Operating systems may adopt one of many different scheduling strategies,
which generally fall into the following categories: In multiprogramming
systems, the running task keeps running until it performs an operation
that requires waiting for an external event (e.g. reading from a tape) or
until the computer's scheduler forcibly swaps the running task out of the
CPU. Multiprogramming systems are designed to maximize CPU usage. In
time-sharing systems, the running task is required to relinquish the CPU,
either voluntarily or by an external event such as a hardware interrupt.
Time sharing systems are designed to allow several programs to execute
apparently Simultaneously. In real-time systems, some waiting tasks are
guaranteed to be given the CPU when an external event occurs.
Real Time Systems are designed to control mechanical devices such as industrial
robots, which require timely processing.
Multi -Processing -
Multitasking is a very important subject to attention and there seems to
be conflicting evidence on both sides of the argument. These arguments go
back and forth because there are many variables involved with
multitasking. In some instances, multitasking two activities such as
walking and breathing are second nature, and if someone has had practice
performing several tasks simultaneously, multitasking would also increase
productivity. However, a meta-analysis has been performed by Caid,
Johnston, Willness, Asbridge, and Steel indicating that multitasking
texting and driving results in poorer attention. Attention Residue
(context switching) – An individual needs to completely abandon a task in
order to fully focus on a secondary task. However, humans experience
difficulties switching and moving their attention between multiple
activities. Attention management can play a key role in helping people
manage pain by focusing their attention elsewhere while experiencing acute
pain. However, this must be done strategically, as the most important
factor in being a good distractor seems to be that the activity is
engaging and interesting for an individual.
Perez was the first woman from the Americas to summit Everest and K2
in the same year without supplemental oxygen. (2019). Sxth woman (first
Latin American) to summit Everest without supplemental oxygen (2016).
were members of women's organizations in the late-19th and early-20th
centuries which advocated the extension of the "franchise", or the
right to vote in public
elections, to women. Franchise is a statutory right or privilege
granted to a person or group by a government (especially the
rights of citizenship and the
right to vote).
Emily Harrington becomes the first woman to free-climb El Capitan's
Golden Gate route in a single day. After years of effort, the 34-year-old
climber motored up El Cap's Golden Gate route and now joins the ranks of
Alex Honnold, Tommy Caldwell, and Lynn Hill.
Tsang Yin-Hung is a Hong Kong mountaineer who has recorded the world's
fastest ascent of Everest by a woman with a time of just under 26 hours.
(aka or also known as Ada).
Gabeira set a new world record. The
73.5-foot wave she surfed on February 11 in Nazaré, Portugal, was the
largest wave surfed by anyone this year, earning Gabeira the WSL’s 2020
women’s XXL Biggest Wave Award. It also broke her own previous record, a
68-foot wave. By contrast, this year’s men’s XXL Biggest Wave Award
winner, Kai Lenny, rode a 70-foot wave.
Power is a slogan that encourages and celebrates women's empowerment,
independence, confidence and strength.
Gurley Flynn was an American labor leader, activist, and feminist who
played a leading role in the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). Flynn
was a founding member of the American Civil Liberties Union and a visible
proponent of women's rights, birth control, and women's suffrage. She
joined the Communist Party USA in 1936 and late in life, in 1961, became
its chairwoman. She was one of many party members prosecuted “under the
notorious Smith Act, which forbade any attempts to advocate, abet or teach
the violent destruction of the U.S. government. She died September 5, 1964
during a visit to the Soviet Union, where she was accorded a state funeral
with processions in Red Square attended by over 25,000 people. Elizabeth
was also known as “The Rebel Girl” for her
fiery speeches, Elizabeth Gurley Flynn was born August 7, 1890 in Concord.
Crockett is an American lawyer and politician who is the U.S.
representative from Texas's 30th congressional district since 2023. Her
district covers most of South Dallas County and parts of Tarrant County,
including Dallas Love Field Airport. A member of the Democratic Party, she
previously represented the 100th district in the Texas House of
Fourth-Wave Feminism is a phase of feminism that began around 2012 and
is characterized by a focus on the empowerment of women and the use of
internet tools. Centered on intersectionality, the fourth wave examines
the interlocking systems of power that contribute to the stratification of
marginalized groups. Fourth-wave feminists advocate for greater
representation of these groups in politics and business, and argue that
society would be more equitable if policies and practices incorporated the
perspectives of all people.
Feminism is a range
of social movements, political movements, and ideologies that aim to
define, establish, and achieve the political, economic, personal, and
of the sexes. Feminism incorporates the position that societies prioritize
the male point of view, and that women are treated unfairly within those
societies. Efforts to change that include fighting gender stereotypes and
seeking to establish educational and professional opportunities for women
that are equal to those for men.
The Feminine Mystique is a book by Betty Friedan that is widely
credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United
States. It was published on February 19, 1963
by W. W. Norton. In 1957, Friedan was asked to conduct a survey of her
former Smith College classmates for their 15th anniversary reunion; the
results, in which she found that many of them were unhappy with their
lives as housewives, prompted her to begin research for The Feminine
Mystique, conducting interviews with other suburban housewives, as well as
researching psychology, media, and advertising. She originally intended to
create an article on the topic, not a book, but no magazine would publish
her article. During 1964, The Feminine Mystique became the bestselling
nonfiction book with over one million copies sold. In the book, Friedan
challenged the widely shared belief in the 1950s that "fulfillment
as a woman had only one definition for American women after 1949—the
housewife-mother." The phrase "feminine mystique" was created by Friedan
to show the assumptions that women would be
fulfilled from their housework,
marriage, sexual lives, and children. It was said that women, who were
actually feminine, should not have wanted to work, get an education, or
have political opinions. Friedan wanted to prove that women were
unsatisfied but could not voice their feelings.
Chapter 1: Friedan points out that the average age of marriage was
dropping, the portion of women attending college was decreasing and the
birthrate was increasing for women throughout the 1950s, yet the
widespread trend of unhappy women persisted, although American culture
insisted that fulfillment for women
could be found in marriage and housewifery. Although aware of and sharing
this dissatisfaction, women in the 1950s misinterpreted it as an
individual problem and rarely talked about it with other women. As Friedan
pointed out, "part of the strange newness of the problem is that it cannot
be understood in terms of the age-old material problems of man: poverty,
sickness, hunger, cold." This chapter concludes by declaring "We can no
longer ignore that voice within women that says: 'I want something more
than my husband and my children and my home.'
Chapter 3: Friedan recalls her own decision to conform to society's
expectations by giving up her promising career in psychology to raise
children, and shows that other young women still struggled with the same
kind of decision. Many women dropped out of school early to marry, afraid
that if they waited too long or became too educated, they would not be
able to attract a husband. Friedan argues at the end of the chapter that
although theorists discuss how men need to find their identity, women are
expected to be autonomous. She states, "Anatomy is woman's destiny, say
the theorists of femininity; the identity of woman is determined by her
biology." Friedan goes on to argue that the problem is women needing to
mature and find their human identity. She argues, "In a sense that goes
beyond any woman's life, I think this is a crisis of women growing up—a
turning point from an immaturity that has been called femininity to full
human identity. Chapter 7: Friedan
discusses the change in women's education
from the 1940s to the early 1960s, in which many women's schools
concentrated on non-challenging classes that focused mostly on marriage,
family, and other subjects deemed suitable for women, as educators
influenced by functionalism felt that too much education would spoil
women's femininity and capacity for sexual fulfillment. Friedan says that
this change in education arrested girls in their emotional development at
a young age, because they never had to face the painful identity crisis
and subsequent maturation that comes from dealing with many adult
challenges. Significant numbers of women responded angrily to the book,
which they felt implied that wives and mothers could never be fulfilled,
devalued the roles as mothers and housewives, but of course they were
wrong and they over reacted. The book implied that women should have
choices and freedoms, the same as men do. But
extremists always freak-out and make crazy assumptions.
Third-Wave Feminism is an iteration of the feminist movement. It began
in the United States in the early 1990s and continued until the rise of
the fourth wave in the 2010s. Born in the 1960s and 1970s as members of
Generation X and grounded in the civil-rights advances of the second wave,
third-wave feminists embraced individualism in women and diversity and
sought to redefine what it meant to be a feminist. The third wave saw the
emergence of new feminist currents and theories, such as intersectionality,
sex positivity, vegetarian ecofeminism, transfeminism, and postmodern
feminism. According to feminist scholar Elizabeth Evans, the "confusion
surrounding what constitutes third-wave feminism is in some respects its
defining feature." The third wave is traced to the emergence of the riot
grrrl feminist punk subculture in Olympia, Washington, in the early 1990s, and to Anita Hill's televised testimony in 1991—to an all-male,
all-white Senate Judiciary Committee—that African-American judge Clarence
Thomas, nominated for and eventually confirmed to the Supreme Court of the
United States, had sexually harassed her. The term third wave is credited
to Rebecca Walker, who responded to Thomas's appointment to the Supreme
Court with an article in Ms. magazine, "Becoming the Third Wave" (1992).
She wrote: So I write this as a plea to all women, especially women of my
generation: Let Thomas' confirmation serve to remind you, as it did me,
that the fight is far from over. Let this dismissal of a woman's
experience move you to anger. Turn that outrage into political power. Do
not vote for them unless they work for us. Do not have sex with them, do
not break bread with them, do not nurture them if they don't prioritize
our freedom to control our bodies and our lives. I am not a post-feminism
feminist. I am the Third Wave. Walker sought to establish that third-wave
feminism was not just a reaction, but a movement in itself, because the
feminist cause had more work ahead. The term intersectionality—to describe
the idea that women experience "layers of oppression" caused, for example,
by gender, race and class—had been introduced by Kimberlé Williams
Crenshaw in 1989, and it was during the third wave that the concept
flourished. As feminists came online in the late 1990s and early 2000s and
reached a global audience with blogs and e-zines, they broadened their
goals, focusing on abolishing gender-role stereotypes and expanding
feminism to include women with diverse racial and cultural identities.
Info Wars was Removed for
and fake news violations.
Alex Jones is just one thousands of republicans that should be sued for
lying and spreading fraudulent information. Greed poisons the mind and
turns you into an asshole.