Online Education


Online School Directory - Home Schools - Tutoring - Study Tips

Previous SubjectNext Subject

A Women with Computer Monitor LearningOnline education goes by a lot of different names such as Online Schooling, Online Instruction, Life Long Learning, Online Training, Self-Education, Online Knowledge, Open University, Assignment, Distance Learning Technology, Videotaped Lectures, Web Conferencing, Education on Demand, Teaching on Demand, Learning on Demand, Virtual Education, Online Teaching, E-Learning, Virtual Learning Environment, Knowledge Network, Open Learning, Communal Learning, Electronic Learning, Adult Education, Virtual School, Virtual University, Virtual College, E-College, Off-Campus Site, Independent Learning, Continuing Education, Digital Education, Andragogy, Pedagogy, Massive Open Online Course and more names below.


Things you should know about Education


Homeschooling Pros and Cons - Online Learning or Classroom Learning Pros and Cons - Tutors

Entry Testing (exams) - Accreditation - Degrees - Professional

Higher Education Problems - Sports Exploits - Academic Papers - Student Negative Feedback

Elective Courses - Open Source Curriculum

What is Learning - Education Purposes - Making a Difference - Incentives - Investments

Jobs - Future Work - Job-Specific Training - Machines and Automation Kills Jobs - Unemployment


Taking a Course - What Does it Mean?


Course is education or knowledge imparted in a series of lessons or meetings. A connected series of events or actions or developments. A mode of action. A body of students who are taught together. Education Courses are made up of individual sessions, typically on a fixed weekly schedule. There are different formats of course in universities: The lecture course, where the instructor gives lectures with minimal interaction; The seminar, where students prepare and present their original written work for discussion and critique; The colloquium or reading course, where the instructor assigns readings for each session which are then discussed by the members; The tutorial course, where one or a small number of students work on a topic and meet with the instructor weekly for discussion and guidance. The Directed Individual Study course, where a student requests to create and title an area of study for themselves which is more concentrated and in-depth than a standard course. It is directed under a tenured faculty member and approved by a department chair or possibly the dean within that specific college; the laboratory course, where most work takes place in a laboratory. Many courses combine these formats. Lecture courses often include weekly discussion sections with smaller groups of students led by the principal instructor, another instructor, or teaching assistant. Laboratory courses often combine lectures, discussion sections, and laboratory sessions. Students are expected to do various kinds of work for a course: Attending course sessions. Reading and studying course readings assigned in the course syllabus. Discussing material they have read. Writing short and long papers based on assigned reading and their own library research. Completing homework or problem sets. Completing laboratory exercises. Taking quizzes and examinations. The exact work required depends on the discipline, the course, and the particular instructor. Unlike most European university courses, grades are generally determined by all of these kinds of work, not only the final examination. Course can also mean a part of a meal served at one time. Course can also mean a general line of orientation. A line or route along which something travels or moves. Course can also mean a facility consisting of a circumscribed area of land or water laid out for a sport.

Lists of American Institutions of Higher Education (wiki) - List of United States Technological Universities (wiki)

What is your Education Purpose?  What is an Elective Course? What is Distance Education? Course Template (wiki) - Education Timeline.

A course is one piece of knowledge, and is one stage amongst numerous stages of development. A course is one piece of information that makes up an entire system of knowledge. The goal is human intelligence, and the perseverance of human existence and the systems that support life.


Questions to Ask When Deciding your Education Options


1. Will the knowledge and information that I gain from these educational courses provide me with the knowledge and skills to perform the work that is most needed in this world today? Does the course prove that you understand a subject well enough in order to use that knowledge to benefit society? And the work that is most needed in the world today is based upon the current knowledge and information provided by statistics and facts. These are the jobs that will make the best improvements, make the most positive changes and make the biggest difference in people's lives. Does the course make you qualified to perform some particular action that is needed by society? Is the course you took just one of many courses that you need to take in order to create a valuable skill that would benefit society?

2. Will the knowledge and information that I gain from these educational courses be in line with the things that I am passionate about doing, and also and just as important, will these educational courses provide me with the knowledge and skills to perform work that is most needed in this world today?

3. Will the knowledge and information that I gain from these educational courses provide me with the life skills and critical thinking skills that every human needs, if not, then I must also include in my education the necessary knowledge and information about life skills, critical thinking skills and also interpersonal knowledge and intrapersonal knowledge.

4. Where else can I acquire this knowledge and information from these educational courses if I cannot afford to go my school of choice?

My educational choice can no longer be based on fame or how much money I will earn for that is a narrow-minded evaluation and is only based on lack of knowledge about the world and lack of knowledge about myself. National Curriculum.

My educational choice is no longer based on what jobs are available or projected to be available. Unless those jobs are proven to make the best improvements, make the most positive changes and make the biggest difference in people's lives.
Launching the Innovation Renaissance

If jobs and work is not available or projected to be available for my chosen education field then I must include in my education the necessary knowledge and skills to make the necessary social changes that will help educate the public about the condition of the world and at the same time educate the public about the necessary improvements that we all have to make. Action

"First have to experience the Adventures in Learning before you can experience the Adventures in Living"

Career Choices Information

Education is an Investment in your Future. Before you start your education you have to know what knowledge is the most important for you to learn? When will be the best time to learn this new knowledge? What are the best learning methods available to learn this new knowledge? And you have to honestly answer why this particular knowledge is so important, and just how will this new knowledge benefit you and the world around you? What are your options? What are your choices? What are your responsibilities? What are your priorities? What are your time constraints? What are you waiting for?

Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators and also learners may also educate themselves. Education can take place in formal or informal settings and any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. The methodology of teaching is called pedagogy. Formal education is commonly divided formally into such stages as preschool or kindergarten, primary school, secondary school and then college, university, or apprenticeship. A right to education has been recognized by some governments and the United Nations. In most regions, education is compulsory up to a certain age. Purpose of Education.

Wiki Education Foundation connects higher education to the publishing power of Wikipedia. We cultivate deeper learning for students as they expand Wikipedia articles for course. We work with libraries to expand the public’s access to their resources.
We support academic associations as they expand and improve Wikipedia’s coverage of their field. Wiki-Educator.

Higher education mostly focuses on certain subjects. Higher education does not teach you how to accurately understand the world or help you understand the amazing complexities of the human mind and body. Higher education does not make sure that you understand the whole picture and the cause and effects of everything that you do. Or does it teach you how the environment sustains you. Higher education does not explain that you are in a cult. Or do they teach you that the only way out of this cult like situation is to learn your way out.



Study Skills - Homework Help


Study Tips Study is to investigate a subject in detail in order to learn and understand the subject accurately, and with the goal of discovering essential features or meaning. To analyze a subject in order to fully understand it. To give careful consideration to something important. A state of deep mental absorption. To think intently and at length for a particular purpose. A detailed critical inspection. Applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject, especially by reading. A written document describing the findings of some individual or group. A composition intended to develop one aspect of the performer's technique. Preliminary drawing for later elaboration. Revising (deconstructing).

Don't just study to pass a test, study to learn. Don't just study to remember, study to understand.

Cramming is the practice of working intensively to absorb large volumes of informational material in short amounts of time. It is often done by students in preparation for upcoming exams, especially just before they are due. Usually the student's priority is to obtain shallow recall suited to a superficial examination protocol, rather than to internalize the deep structure of the subject matter. Cramming is often discouraged by educators because the hurried coverage of material tends to result in poor long-term retention of material, a phenomenon often referred to as the spacing effect. Despite this, educators nevertheless widely persist in the use of superficial examination protocols, because these questions are easier to compose, quicker (and therefore cheaper for the institution) to grade, and objective on their own terms. When cramming, one attempts to focus only on studies and to forgo unnecessary actions or habits. Binge Watching.

Study Group is a small group of people who regularly meet to discuss shared fields of study.

Social Studying -Tutoring - Too Much Homework

Education Extension - College Values (Manuscripts)

Google Sketchup create, modify and share 3D models 2D documents and presentations.

Web Casting Services - Slide Share (Video Based Training) 

Test Quiz Questions - Wiziq - indiabix - J-archive - Trivia - Jeopardy (wiki) - Education Games.

Study Help Resources - How to Study - How to Study - Study Guides and Strategies - Study Skills - Academic Tips - 35 Must-Know Test Taking Tips & Strategies - Study Techniques - Study Tips - Study Habits - Study Skills Checklist - E Notes - Study Methods Flashcards - Cliffs Notes - Success 4 Students - Home Work Help - Brainly Crowd Sourced Homework Help - Homework has to be Beneficial - Brain Mass - Course Hero - Study World - Test Taking Tips - Download Center - College Ruled - Quizlet - Science Math Master - My Homework App - Flashcard Exchange - We Papers - Home Work Spot - School Discovery - The Wild Classroom - Study Mode.



Home Schooling - Pros and Cons


Homeschooling is the education of children at home or a variety of places other than school. Home education is usually conducted by a parent, tutor, or an online teacher. Many families use less formal ways of educating. "Homeschooling" is the term commonly used in North America, whereas "home education" is commonly used in the United Kingdom, Europe, and in many Commonwealth countries. Before the introduction of compulsory school attendance laws, most childhood education was done by families and local communities. In many developed countries, homeschooling is a legal alternative to public and private schools. In other nations, homeschooling remains illegal or restricted to specific conditions, as recorded by homeschooling international status and statistics. Is homeschooling the same thing as homework?

Home Schooling has many advantages, like learning what you need to learn, and learning when you want to learn, and not having to wake up early, not having to fight over homework, not having to run back and forth to school, not having to pack lunches, not having to stress over school uniforms, or whether you conform or stick to your beliefs, and it also offers the flexibility of being able to travel when you want and spend more time with family. Teachers struggle with too little resources, too much testing, too little time and too many rules. The system is not only failing the students, but it's failing the teachers too. In order for homeschooling to be effective, a homeschooled student must learn to discipline themselves, manage time and stick with routines that helps them to be the most productive. Homeschooled students must create their own motivations and incentives. Homeschooled students must also have clear goals that include short term goals and long term goals. Learning how to be responsible for your own education is a must. If you fail to educate yourself, may may fail life

Pros: Flexible instructional pace and flexible class participation. Not Passively Learning. Elimination of barriers of time and space. Flexible. Cost-effectiveness of online courses. Electronic research availability (digital libraries and online databases). A well-designed online course makes it easy for students to navigate and find the adequate information they need. Children can still learn together by going to each others house or to any place where they choose to learn.

Cons:
None

Feedback from an instructor can be done by Online Tutors or Ai Avatars. Technical support from an instructor can also be done by Online Tutors or Ai Avatars. Self-regulation and self-motivation can be taught using Computerized Lessons. Sense of isolation or lack of interpersonal communication and interactions among students can be easily overcome by online communities and online support. We can also teach students how to deal with isolation and lack of human interactions. Pros and Cons Argument.

Distance Education is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school. Traditionally, this usually involved correspondence courses wherein the student corresponded with the school via post. Today, it involves online education. A distance learning program can be completely distance learning, or a combination of distance learning and traditional classroom instruction (called hybrid or blended). Massive open online courses (MOOCs), offering large-scale interactive participation and open access through the World Wide Web or other network technologies, are recent educational modes in distance education. A number of other terms (distributed learning, e-learning, m-learning, online learning, virtual classroom etc.) are used roughly synonymously with distance education.

Correspondence Course is a course of study in which student and teachers communicate by mail.

“There is no school equal to a decent home and no teacher equal to a virtuous parent.” - Mahatma Gandhi

In the first 5 years of a child's life, the main thing that a parent needs to teach their child, is how to be a self directed learner. Every child needs to fully understand the responsibility of learning, and understand the importance of learning. Then you must provide students with the most valuable knowledge and information available, and any tools that you can find that would help them succeed in learning. You need to do this even if your child does go to school.

For students who find a traditional classroom setting to be unsatisfactory, like children who may have health issues, or experience war or other violence, or students who are gifted, home schooling is the best choice for self-directed learning activities that allow the student to be self-reliant and learn at their own pace.  (Low-Hanging Fruit)

Captain Fantastic (2016 Film) (I don't agree with everything that was said and done in the movie, but it does give you some idea about the many benefits of educating kids at home in a reality based setting).

Top Dog - Bottom Dog" phenomenon Evidence on Bullying, Safety, and Belonging. Students reported better learning environments as top dogs than as middle and bottom dogs.

Teaching Machines and Computerized Learning Advantages. Lower long-term costs, instant feedback to students, greater flexibility with respect to location and timing, improved reliability (machine marking is much more reliable than human marking) improved impartiality (machine marking does not 'know' the students so does not favour nor make allowances for minor errors) Greater storage efficiency - tens of thousands of answer scripts can be stored on a computer compared to the physical space required for paper scripts. Enhanced question styles which incorporate interactivity and multimedia.

Online Learning or Classroom Learning? (pros and cons)

To answer this question accurately, you first have to determine these contributing factors.
1: How effective and efficient the teaching methods are? Passive Learning.
2: How accurate is the testing, the assessing and the measuring?
3: How good is the Support? (tutoring or guidance) Teaching Adults.
4: Is the student studying a subject at the right time in their education timeline? Sequence Learning.
5: Can the course be modified for the students particular learning styleDifferentiated Instruction.
6: Can the course be modified for the students particular learning abilitiesPersonalized Learning - Hope PC.
7: Can the course be modified for the students particular skill level and knowledge level?
8: Will taking this course absolutely benefit the student? Education Questions.
9: In what ways will the student benefit from this knowledge and information?
10: And can these benefits be measured using real life scenarios?
11: What is the true cost of taking this course? (Not the price)
12: Will employers recognize your education as being valid and valuable? Will the Student? Will anyone else?
13: If this is a task specific course, or a specialized course that enhances mostly one particular skill, then what are the prerequisites? And what is the final goal of this knowledge and skill? Career Questions.
114: Will other courses be necessary after completing these courses? What are they?

Most schools fail in these areas, whether you're in a classroom or online. An online course is Convenient and flexible, but those two benefits are irrelevant if the course is ineffective in teaching the person valuable skills at a proficient level. Schools, colleges and universities make outrageous claims on why classroom teaching is better then online learning. But the reasons they give mostly proves one thing, that the education that they received was inadequate. Because the research and the premise is flawed, just like the school they attended. Don't take me wrong about schools, schools, colleges and universities are absolutely necessary. This is about effectiveness, efficiency and the cost. And we are not just talking about the price, but the actual cost, True Cost is something that schools don't teach students, because if they did, students would then be able to accurately calculate the true cost of the school that they are attending, and would most likely see the deficiencies and start looking for a better school. And also, the process of calculating actual cost would also reveal corruption, waste and abuse, which are more things that schools and politicians are afraid of people learning.

When attending a school, you are most likely to be cut off from the real world and be boxed in. But online you have a much better chance to connect to the real world because of all the resources, knowledge and information that you can access.

The number of home-schooled students jumped nationwide to about 1.7 million between 2003 and 2012, they still represent just over 3 percent of all students. But of course this does not include the number of students who have to do school work at home. So even if you go to a school, most of your learning will happen when you're not in school. We still need schools, but we still need to improve schools a whole lot more, because the main reasons why parents need to home school their children is because there are very few good quality schools for the children to attend near where they live.

An estimated 5 million to 7.5 million U.S. students miss nearly a month of school each year. This is not an Attendance problem, this is a school failing to teach a student and then blaming it on the child for not showing up. You are paid to transfer knowledge and information, and it's supposed to be valuable knowledge and skills, but most of what schools teach has little value today. Some schools make learning more difficult on purpose, forcing students to think that they need to try harder, when what they really need to do is to learn how to learn more effectively and efficiently, and then learn what knowledge, skills and information is the most valuable to their particular needs, at this particular moment in their life.

Talk-and-Chalk - Sage on the Stage: One who imparts knowledge by lecturing to an audience. 

Online Videos

Employers will say that you need a credited degree, but they know that is discrimination and a very ignorant way to measure a persons ability and potential. So this is another problem that education must solve. A Gallup Poll revealed that 85% of Americans and 89% of business leaders believe that recent graduates don't have the necessary skills and competencies to succeed in modern workplaces. So almost everyone knows that American education in inadequate and dysfunctional, so what are we waiting for? We have to improve education.

Education Questions to Ask? - Education Purposes?

And what is the modern workplace? The modern workplace is another word for Earth, or you could say that it's another word to describe our current state, or our current Reality.

A gifted and talented 10 year old who is self taught, considers his school to be slow and boring, but he likes going to school because he gets to spend time with his friends. Kids don't go to school to become intelligent, why?

"Homeschooling is going well. Two students have been suspended for fighting and one teacher has been fired for drinking on the job."

So the bottom line is, when comparing a school to an online school you have to first say "Which School? Which Online Course? And then answer those 14 other key questions. Online courses have many benefits, they allow for learning in distant or disadvantaged locations, which would be a life saver for millions of people. But if you don't have access to a computer, or have access to the internet, then you're screwed. That means you are forced to find a quality school or other facility that will teach you. We know now what needs to be done.


Home Schooling Resources


Home School Reasons Connections Academy
Calvert Home Schooling
Home School
Home School Curriculum
Enchanted Learning
Home School Reviews
Education Home Stay Programs
Home School Learning
Time 4 Learning
Home School Association
Home Education Research
Homeschool Curriculum (Book)
Homeschooling Handbook (amazon)
Home School Advocacy
Families for Home Education
AFHE
Family Education
Teaching Family Homes
Teaching at Home
Classical kids
Ct. Homeschool Network
National Home Education Legal Defense
Lessons - Teaching Tools
Teaching Adults

1.7 million students in 2011-12, are home-schooled, males and females.

School on Wheels - Indy School on Wheels

Remote PC, See what the Student Sees 

Information Resources

Educational Articles - Jakub Marian is a Czech data scientist, linguist, geographer, and musician.

Eight Dimensional E-Learning Framework is a detailed self-assessment instrument for institutions to organize their evaluation of educational technology (e-learning) readiness and opportunities for growth. The framework provides a structure for systematically reviewing initiatives and programs, so that desired learning outcomes are achieved. The framework is composed of eight dimensions, each reviewed by practical checklists of 50 - 70 questions. The checklist does not include a scoring system, but serves as an instrument that verifies that each area is cultivated.

Massive Open Online Course is an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web. In addition to traditional course materials, such as filmed lectures, readings, and problem sets, many MOOCs provide interactive courses with user forums or social media discussions to support community interactions among students, professors, and teaching assistants (TAs), as well as immediate feedback to quick quizzes and assignments. MOOCs are a recent and widely researched development in distance education, first introduced in 2008 and emerged as a popular mode of learning in 2012. Early MOOCs (cMOOCs) often emphasized open-access features, such as open licensing of content, structure and learning goals, to promote the reuse and remixing of resources. Some later MOOCs (xMOOCs) use closed licenses for their course materials while maintaining free access for students.

A University of Pennsylvania study of 1 million MOOC users who participated in 16 of the school’s Coursera classes, for example, found that only about half of the registrants viewed even a single online lecture and that the average completion rate was just 4 percent. UPenn study, a majority of those registering for the free classes (between 70 and 80 percent) already had college degrees. That’s about double the rate of the U.S. population at large. And in other parts of the world—where free online college classes were envisioned as tools of social mobility—the portion of already-educated students was even more dramatic. Last year, a piece of commentary that ran in The Times cited a study showing that in countries such as Brazil, China, India, Russia, and South Africa—where just 5 percent of residents have college degrees—more than 80 percent of MOOC students had one.

Democratizing education? Examining access and usage patterns in massive open online courses

Educated people usually seek more education, no kidding. Is it because they realize that they don't know enough?
I wonder how that happened?

Yale University is offering some courses online for free. These courses are great examples on how we can bring more education to more people. These courses are not complete and most of the knowledge needed to complete your understanding of these courses must be done on your own through research and discussions. The more I learn about what is being taught in schools and universities is that the quality of these teachings is only as good as the person teaching it. So improving teachers will definitely help improve our education as long as you improve the curriculum too.

Yale Courses - Yale on YouTube - Bar Exam (law school) - Entry Exams.

"School is not just a place where you go to learn, school is any place where you want to learn. Learning to teach yourself not only gives you more freedom and more choices, it gives you unlimited potential."

Part-time Learner in Higher Education (wiki)

"Whether you're learning in a classroom, online, or anywhere else, the goal is to learn the right things at the right time."

Lincoln famously wrote in 1855. “It is a small matter whether you read with any one or not; I did not read with anyone...always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is more important than any other one thing.”

World of Knowledge is a global Wikipedia inspired commercial project to enhance learning developed by company WOKcraft based on a community of users creating multiple choice questions for free public use. The abbreviation for the project is WOK and used to market quiz game mobile apps in a social network called the Knowledge Network. In all WOK apps the connection to Wikipedia is used by in coexistence with the multiple choice questions and Wikipedia content of articles and images using Wikipedia live content. WOK develops mobile apps in an ecosystem that are connected with the same scoresystem and with Wikipedia articles using the open API from Wikimedia Commons.

Knowledge Network is a Canadian publicly funded educational cable television network serving the province of British Columbia. It is owned by the Knowledge Network Corporation, a Crown corporation of the Government of British Columbia, and began broadcasting on January 12, 1981.



Tutoring - Private Instruction - Mentor


Tutoring a Student Tutor is an instructor who helps a student that needs extra help learning a subject. Giving a student private lessons, sometimes to learn more or to learn faster then regular class teaching. "A Guide on the Side".

One-On-One Instruction has many benefits. Instructors can gauge the student’s progress and mastery and have the ability to personalize conversations and assignments. Instructors can adapt to the student’s communication style and create a low stress environment that frees the student from the fear of failure. With one on one, students do not need to decode the messages their instructor gives them. Students don't have to figure out how to communicate back to the teacher. Students can have high quality interactions where they are heard. This gives students the opportunity to step up and not have to rely on others. One on one can help avoid overstimulation and can also eliminate many distractions. With one on one teaching, the class will never go on without the student. Coaching - Advising.

Mentoring is to serve as a teacher or trusted counselor. School Mentors - Parenting.

Mentorship is a relationship in which a more experienced or more knowledgeable person helps to guide a less experienced or less knowledgeable person. The mentor may be older or younger than the person being mentored, but she or he must have a certain area of expertise. It is a learning and development partnership between someone with vast experience and someone who wants to learn. Mentorship experience and relationship structure affect the "amount of psychosocial support, career guidance, role modeling, and communication that occurs in the mentoring relationships in which the protégés and mentors engaged." The person in receipt of mentorship may be referred to as a protégé (male), a protégée (female), an apprentice or, in the 2000s, a mentee. The mentor may be referred to as a godfather/godmother or a rabbi. "Mentoring" is a process that always involves communication and is relationship-based, but its precise definition is elusive, with more than 50 definitions currently in use. One definition of the many that have been proposed, is Mentoring is a process for the informal transmission of knowledge, social capital, and the psychosocial support perceived by the recipient as relevant to work, career, or professional development; mentoring entails informal communication, usually face-to-face and during a sustained period of time, between a person who is perceived to have greater relevant knowledge, wisdom, or experience (the mentor) and a person who is perceived to have less (the protégé)". Teacher Resources.

Mutual Mentorship or Mutual Mentoring is a way that two people can come together to meet their mutual needs and benefit from each others experience and knowledge. A type of two-way mentoring where each person is both the mentor of and mentee of the other person.

Peer Support occurs when people provide knowledge, experience, emotional, social or practical help to each other. It commonly refers to an initiative consisting of trained supporters (although it can be provided by peers without training), and can take a number of forms such as peer mentoring, listening, or counseling. Peer support is also used to refer to initiatives where colleagues, members of self-help organizations and others meet, in person or online, as equals to give each other support on a reciprocal basis. Peer support is distinct from other forms of social support in that the source of support is a peer, a person who is similar in fundamental ways to the recipient of the support; their relationship is one of equality. A peer is in a position to offer support by virtue of relevant experience: he or she has "been there, done that" and can relate to others who are now in a similar situation. Trained peer support workers such as peer support specialists and peer counselors receive special training and are required to obtain Continuing Education Units, like clinical staff. Some other trained peer support workers may also be law-enforcement personnel and firefighters as well as emergency medical responders. Telepresent.

Correspondence is between an instructor and students or between classmates, using e-mail, message boards or virtual learning systems. A remote communication between people, including letters, email, newsgroups, Internet forums, blogs.

Social Learning Environment - Learning using Networks

Bloom's 2 Sigma Problem found that the average student tutored one-to-one using mastery learning techniques performed two standard deviations better than students who learn via conventional instructional methods.

Peer to Peer Learning (learning styles) - Video Instructions

Open Broadcaster Software (Record Screen)

Conferencing is various types of online collaborative services including web seminars ("webinars"), webcasts, and peer-level web meetings. It may also be used in a more narrow sense to refer only to the peer-level web meeting context, in an attempt to disambiguate it from the other types of collaborative sessions. Terminology related to these technologies is inexact, and no generally agreed upon source or standards organization exists to provide an established usage reference. Remote.


Video Conference


Video-Telephony or Video Conference, are technologies for the reception and transmission of audio-video signals by users at different locations, for communication between people in real-time.

Google Video Calls - Skype Video Chat (not peer to peer anymore)

Peer-to-Peer Video Sharing is a basic service on top of the IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS). Early proprietary implementations might also run a simple SIP infrastructure, too. The GSM Association calls it "Video Share". The peer-to-peer video sharing functionality is defined by the Phase 1 of the GSMA Video Share service. For a more detailed description of the full GSMA Video Share service, please see the Wikipedia entry for Video Share. The most basic form is typically connected to a classical circuit-switched (CS) telephone call. While talking on the CS line the speaker can start in parallel a multimedia IMS session. The session is normally a video stream, with audio being optional (since there is an audio session already open on the CS domain). It is also possible to share photos or files. Actually, P2P video sharing does not require a full IMS implementation. It could work with a pure IETF Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) infrastructure and simple HTTP Digest authentication. However, mobile operators may want to use it without username/password provisioning and the related frauds problems. One possible solution is the Early IMS Authentication method. In the future USIM/ISIM based authentication could be introduced, too. So the IMS adds up extra security and management features that are normally required by a mobile operator by default.

WebRTC or Web Real-Time Communication is a free, open-source project that provides web browsers and mobile applications with real-time communication (RTC) via simple application programming interfaces (APIs). It allows audio and video communication to work inside web pages by allowing direct peer-to-peer communication, eliminating the need to install plugins or download native apps. Supported by Apple, Google, Microsoft, Mozilla, and Opera, WebRTC is being standardized through the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Its mission is to "enable rich, high-quality RTC applications to be developed for the browser, mobile platforms, and IoT devices, and allow them all to communicate via a common set of protocols".

Tango Tele-Presence - Oovoo Tele-Conferencing

Teleconference is the live exchange and mass articulation of information among several persons and machines remote from one another but linked by a telecommunications system. Terms such as audio conferencing, telephone conferencing and phone conferencing are also sometimes used to refer to teleconferencing. The telecommunications system may support the teleconference by providing one or more of the following: audio, video, and/or data services by one or more means, such as telephone, computer, telegraph, teletypewriter, radio, and television.

Data Conferencing refers to a communication session among two or more participants sharing computer data in real time. Interaction and presentation devices such as a screen, keyboard, mouse, camera, etc. can be shared or be able to control each other computer. It is used to distinguish from video conferencing and audio conferencing. The data can include screen, documents, graphics, drawings and applications that can be seen, annotated or manipulated by participants.
PC to PC Learning (remote)

Tutoring Resources
Tutoring Online Free
Tutor Vista
Tutor Next
Learn to be
Study Hall
Find a Private Tutor
Tutor
Trans Web Tutors
Wyzant Tutoring
Sylvan Learning Centers
Kaplan Tutoring
Edmodo
Tutor Mate Online Literacy Program
Tutor Mentor Connection 
Home Work Minutes
Creating Knowledge Networks as part of Information Sharing and Problem Solving Strategy
Varsity Tutors Practice Tests

HELLO The Most Advanced Video Communication Device Affordable voice-controlled smart-device.

Watch videos together in different locations

Collaboration - Group Studying

Intelligent Tutoring - Teaching Machine - Language Learning - Self Directed Learning - Self-Taught - Self Learn



Online Schools Directory





Online Schools Information


Guide to Online Schools
Real Online Degrees
Online Learning Marketplace
Online Schools
Education Online Statistics
Online Schools
Online Search
Universities
Education Degree Source
Financial Aid, Scholarships
International
Education Atlas
Distance Education
Study Beat
Continuing Education Courses
Home Study Courses
Youtube EDU
Degrees Online Programs
Degree Directory
Get Degrees
Degree Jungle
Accelerated Degrees
Academic info
Learn
Distance Learning Assoc.
Distance Learning U
Online Colleges
Udemy
Online Teaching Tips


Online Learning - Teaching Platforms

Moodle Open Learning
6 Free Platforms for Teaching Online
Udemy
R Campus
odijoo
Sophia
Learnopia
Learning Management System
Peer 2 Peer University



Open Source Curriculum


Available is the quality of being at hand when needed. Obtainable or accessible and ready for use or service.

Accessible is easily obtained. Capable of being reached. Capable of being read with comprehension.

Open is to allow entrance and make something available. To have an opening, passage, outlet or an exit. To allow entry after being shut. Start to operate or function or cause to start operating or functioning. Begin or set in action, of meetings, speeches, recitals, etc..

Transparent - Accountable - Open Knowledge - Open Content - Open Government - Collaboration Tools - Sharing Open Data - Teaching Resources - Open Source Software - Open Minded.

Internet - Collective intelligence - Open Content Alliance - Libraries - Information Stations.

Open Pedagogy: Free to Access - Free to Reuse - Free to Revise - Free to Remix - Free to Redistribute.

Open Course Ware Consortium is a collaboration of higher education institutions and associated organizations from around the world creating a broad and deep body of open educational content using a shared model.

The Open Education Consortium - The Global Network for Open Education.

Open Source Education Foundation

Open Source Curriculum is an online instructional resource that can be freely used, distributed and modified. OSC is based on the open-source practice of creating products or software that opens up access to source materials or codes. Applied to education, this process invites feedback and participation from developers, educators, government officials, students and parents and empowers them to exchange ideas, improve best practices and create world-class curricula. These “development” communities can form ad-hoc, within the same subject area or around a common student need, and allow for a variety of editing and workflow structures.

Default to Open: The Story of Open Source and Red Hat (youtube)
Open University Learn (youtube channel) 
Don Tapscott: Four Principles for the Open World (video) 
Electronically Delivered Instruction Guidelines (pdf)

Open Source Maturity Model is a methodology for assessing Free/Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) and more specifically the FLOSS development process. This methodology is released under the Creative Commons license.

Open Standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process). There is no single definition and interpretations vary with usage.

Open Platform describes a software system which is based on open standards, such as published and fully documented external application programming interfaces (API) that allow using the software to function in other ways than the original programmer intended, without requiring modification of the source code. Using these interfaces, a third party could integrate with the platform to add functionality. The opposite is a closed platform.

Open Knowledge is knowledge that one is free to use, reuse, and redistribute without legal, social or technological restriction. Open knowledge is a set of principles and methodologies related to the production and distribution of how knowledge works in an open manner. Knowledge is interpreted broadly to include data, content and general information. Knowledge Divide.

Open Access is a set of principles and a range of practices through which research outputs are distributed online, free of cost or other access barriers. With open access strictly defined (according to the 2001 definition), or libre open access, barriers to copying or reuse are also reduced or removed by applying an open license for copyright. The main focus of the open access movement is "peer reviewed research literature." Historically, this has centered mainly on print-based academic journals. Whereas conventional (non-open access) journals cover publishing costs through access tolls such as subscriptions, site licenses or pay-per-view charges, open-access journals are characterised by funding models which do not require the reader to pay to read the journal's contents. Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses, book chapters, monographs, and images.

Web of Science is a website that provides subscription-based access to multiple databases that provide comprehensive citation data for many different academic disciplines. It was originally produced by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) and is currently maintained by Clarivate Analytics (previously the Intellectual Property and Science business of Thomson Reuters).

Open Content describes a creative work that others can copy or modify freely, without asking for permission. The term evokes the related concept of open-source software. Such content is said to be under an open license.

Open Syllabus Project - Open Syllabus Project - Open Source Project

Open Textbook is a textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. Many open textbooks are distributed in either print, e-book, or audio formats that may be downloaded or purchased at little or no cost.

Open System is a system that has external interactions. Such interactions can take the form of information, energy, or material transfers into or out of the system boundary, depending on the discipline which defines the concept. An open system is contrasted with the concept of an isolated system which exchanges neither energy, matter, nor information with its environment. An open system is also known as a constant volume system or a flow system.

Open System in computing is one of a class of computers and associated software that provides some combination of interoperability, portability and open software standards, particularly Unix and Unix-like systems.

Open System in systems theory is the natural and social sciences, a process that exchanges material, energy, people, capital or information with its environment.

Open System in thermodynamics is a system where matter and energy can enter or leave, in contrast to a closed system where energy can enter or leave but matter can not.

Open System in control theory is a feed-forward system that does not have any feedback loop to control its output in a control system.

Open System in management science is a system that is capable of self-maintenance on the basis of throughput of resources from the environment.

Open and Closed System in social science are systems that allow interactions between their internal elements and the environment. An open system is defined as a system in exchange of matter with its environment, presenting import and export, building-up and breaking-down of its material components.

Open System of Learning, where information is sourced from multiple sources.

Open-System Environment Reference Model is having open or public consensus-based forums.

Open Distribution system (Example: Peer-to-peer file sharing system)

Open Systems Interconnection is an effort to standardize computer networking that was started in 1977 by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), along with the ITU-T.

Open Educational Resources are freely accessible, openly licensed documents and media that are useful for teaching, learning, and assessing as well as for research purposes. It is the leading trend in distance education/open and distance learning domain as a consequence of the openness movement. There is no universal usage of open file formats in OER.

Learning Management System's is a software application for the administration, documentation, tracking, reporting and delivery of electronic educational technology (also called e-learning) courses or training programs.

Open Course Ware are course lessons created at universities and published for free via the Internet. OCW projects first appeared in the late 1990s, and after gaining traction in Europe and then the United States have become a worldwide means of delivering educational content.

Open Source Word Cloud MIT Open Courseware
Homeschooled with MIT courses
Open University
e-Estonia e-School 
Cross Knowledge
Open Source Education
School Website Designing Software
Open Learn
Open Standard
Open Source Victoria
School Forge
Open Source Initiative 
NOUNZ Generated Knowledge Repository
Nonags Cape-Open Based
Educational Freeware
Bloomboard
Open Umich
Online Platform for Taylor & Francis Group
O’Reilly Media

Knowledge Management in Education - KM - ISKME (wiki)

Commons (wikimedia)
Media Wiki
Open Educational Resources (wiki)
Open Educational Resources
Free Open-Source Software Packages (wiki)
Educational Freeware
OER Knowledge Cloud
Facebook Open Source
Freeware
Funds for Learning E-Rate Guide
E Rate 
E-Books

Learning Methods

OER Commons Professional Learning programs support instructors and curriculum specialists to gain the necessary skills required to find, adapt, and evaluate high quality open materials.

Copyrights 

Open-source software for volunteer computing, Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing

Partiview is free, open-source software from the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. It is an industrial strength, interactive, mono- or stereoscopic viewer for 4-dimensional datasets. It is written in C++/OpenGL and has been compiled to run on Linux, Windows, OS X, and Irix.

OpenSpace is open source interactive data visualization software designed to visualize the entire known universe and portray our ongoing efforts to investigate the cosmos.



Entry Testing - Are you Educated Enough - Are you Worthy


Entry Test is used for demonstrating proficiency and knowledge in an area of study. To credit someone by examination tests. To measure competency based education and training. Entry exams do not measure Intelligence.

Entrance Examination is an examination or test designed to identify students who are suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum. A test designed to determine a person's competency level in a specific subject and may be used to determine admissibility to a program. Many educational institutions use this test to select students for admission. These exams may be administered at any level of education, from primary to higher education, although they are more common at higher levels. College Admission Counseling.

Prior Learning can occur outside of traditional classrooms and course work. Many schools will accept a test as evidence that you understand the course. This means if they do, you won't have to sit in class, pay for tuition and spend your time on topics you already understand. Many of the courses you can test out of may be general electives or special courses.

Today in 2019 roughly 3,000 four-year Colleges and Universities in America make SAT or ACT submissions optional. Education Reform.

A Correspondence Course is an academic class that students can take anywhere without having to physically be present in the school. Assignments, essays and projects are sent to the student, and when finished, they are then sent back to teachers or professors for grading.

Women at Her Desk in Front of a Computer Advanced Placement Exams or AP Tests are the culmination of year-long Advanced Placement (AP) courses. All but one of the AP exams combine multiple-choice questions with a free-response section in either essay or problem-solving format. Bar Exam (law school).

Advanced Placement is a program which offers college-level curricula and examinations to high school students. College Board.

College Level Examination Program assesses college-level knowledge in thirty-six subject areas and provide a mechanism for earning college credits without taking college courses.

Admission Tests List of standardized tests that students may need to take for admissions to various Universities and Colleges.

Matriculation is the formal process of entering a university, or of becoming eligible to enter by fulfilling certain academic requirements such as a matriculation examination.

Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination was an annual engineering college entrance examination in India.

DSST Standardized Test is an extensive series of 30+ examinations in college subject areas that are comparable to the final or end-of-course examinations in undergraduate college courses. 

ACT Test abbreviation of American College Testing, is a college readiness assessment, a standardized test for high school achievement and college admissions in the United States produced by ACT, a nonprofit of the same name. The ACT originally consisted of four tests: English, Mathematics, Social Studies, and Natural Sciences. In 1989 however, the Social Studies test was changed into a Reading section (which included a social sciences subsection) and the Natural Sciences test was renamed the Science Reasoning test, with more emphasis on problem-solving skills as opposed to memorizing scientific facts. In February 2005, an optional Writing test was added to the ACT, mirroring changes to the SAT that took place in March of the same year. In 2013, ACT announced that students would be able to take the ACT by computer starting in the spring of 2015; however, by the fall of 2017, computer-based ACT tests were available only for school-day testing at limited school districts in the US, with greater availability not expected until at least the fall of 2018.

Articulation in edication is the process of comparing the content of courses that are transferred between postsecondary institutions such as TAFE institutes, colleges or universities. In other words, course articulation is the process by which one institution matches its courses or requirements to course work completed at another institution. Students use course articulation to assure that courses they complete will not have to be repeated at the institution to which they are transferring.

Career Aptitude Test - Intelligence Test - Competence

SAT - Scholastic Aptitude Test or Scholastic Assessment Test that measures literacy, numeracy and writing and assesses a student's readiness for college. Scores on the SAT range from 400 to 1600, combining test results from two 800-point sections: mathematics, and critical reading and writing. 

Medical College Admission Test is a computer-based standardized examination for prospective medical students in the United States, Australia, Canada, and Caribbean Islands. It is designed to assess problem solving, critical thinking, written analysis and knowledge of scientific concepts and principles. Prior to 2006, the exam was a paper-and-pencil test; since 2007, all administrations of the exam have been computer-based. The most recent version of the exam was introduced in April 2015 and takes 7.5 hours to complete. The test is scored in a range from 472 to 528. Bar Exam (law school admission test).

Graduate Management Admission Test is intended to assess certain analytical, writing, quantitative, verbal, and reading skills in written English for use in admission to a graduate management program, such as an MBA. It requires knowledge of certain specific grammar and knowledge of certain specific algebra, geometry, and arithmetic. According to the test owning company, the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC), the GMAT assesses analytical writing and problem-solving abilities, while also addressing data sufficiency, logic, and critical reasoning skills that it believes to be vital to real-world business and management success. It can be taken up to five times a year. Attempts must be at least 16 days apart.

GRE - Graduate Record Examination is a standardized test that is an admissions requirement for most Graduate Schools in the United States. Aims to measure verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, analytical writing, and critical thinking skills that have been acquired over a long period of learning. The content of the GRE consists of certain specific algebra, geometry, arithmetic, and vocabulary.

High School Diploma General Educational Development (GED) are a group of four subject tests that measure proficiency in science, mathematics, social studies, reading, and writing. When passed, provide certification that the test taker has American or Canadian high school-level academic skills. Accreditation Failures.

General Certificate of Secondary Education or GCSE is an academic qualification, generally taken in a number of subjects by pupils in secondary education in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland.

Remedial Education as developmental education, basic skills education, compensatory education, preparatory education, and academic upgrading) is signed to assist students in order to achieve expected competencies in core academic skills such as literacy and numeracy.

College Degree or academic degree, is a qualification awarded on successful completion of a course of study in higher education, normally at a college or university.

SAT or ACT scores discriminates against applicants on the basis of race and wealth and are deeply biased and provide no meaningful information about a student's ability to succeed, and therefore their requirement is unconstitutional. What the SAT and ACT are doing are exacerbating inequities in the public school system and keeping out deserving students every admissions cycle. Research has since shown that SAT scores are strongly linked to family income, and a student's high school academic record, regardless of what school they attended, does a far better job of predicting college success. In 2019, nearly 50 schools dropped the standardized tests from admissions requirements, according to the National Center for Fair and Open Testing.

Elderly Couple with a Computer 2019 College Admissions Bribery Scandal influence undergraduate admissions decisions at several top American universities.

Practice Tests - Practice Tests - Post your Test

College Transfer - Transfer Credit

College Readiness - Testing Failures

Get College Credit - Test Drive College

Why so many poor kids who get into college don’t end up enrolling. Every spring, millions of students graduate high school with every intention of attending college. By the fall, an astounding portion of them never show up to college, it's called “summer melt.” Reason, there is little motivation, they will only learn things related to a particular job. They will not become more intelligent, or have a better understanding of themselves and the world around them. If your only reward is a life of servitude then what's the point. If what you're serving does more harm then good, then there is no point. This is another reason why education needs to improve drastically. Students need to see the whole picture and understand what it means, if not, even if you go to college, you will never fully understand yourself and the world around you and will most likely just pretend that you know enough about things, which means that you will stop learning.

There is no such thing as being overeducated. You could have education that is not beneficial to you because you hardly ever use that knowledge or information, or you could have education that is not valuable to a particular employer.

Entry Test for BK101 - Determining your starting point and the best place for you to start your education. To determine a starting point, we have to know your baseline. We need to accurately measure your level of knowledge and your skill level, as well as, your abilities and a brief descriptions of some of the experiences that you have had so far in your life. What is your reading level? Can you comprehend what you read? Can you read over 100 words a minute? Do you have over 25,000 words in your vocabulary? Do you understand that a word can have several definitions and meanings? What is your skill level? Are you good at solving problems? Do you know how to be creative and imaginative when approaching problems? Do you know how to improvise when solving problems? Can you see things from different perspectives? How well do you handle stress and fatigue? How physically strong are you and how mentally strong are you? What is your knowledge level? How many subjects do you understand well enough? Do you understand human behaviors and psychology and the inner workings of the human mind? Do you understand how to do research and investigate things effectively? Do you know the difference between an opinion and a fact? Do you understand how much knowledge you have and how much more knowledge you still need to learn? Can you name 20 things that you don't fully understand? Can you name 20 things that you fully understand and can explain simply enough and detailed enough that would prove your understanding? Do you have examples of what you know? Do you have evidence that would prove what you know?



Accredited - Certified - Degrees


Degree is an award that is conferred or validated by a college or university signifying that the recipient has satisfactorily completed a course of study. Degree can also mean a position on a scale of intensity, amount or quality or the seriousness of something. The highest power of a term or variable. A specific identifiable position in a continuum, series, especially in a process. Degree can also mean a measure for arcs and angles. A unit of temperature on a specified scale. Black Belt Degree.

Academic Degree is a qualification awarded on successful completion of a course of study in higher education, normally at a college or university. Law Degree.

Accreditation Failures

Bachelor's Degree is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline). The two most common bachelor's degrees are the Bachelor of Arts or BA and the Bachelor of Science or BS or BSc. In some institutions and educational systems, some bachelor's degrees can only be taken as graduate or postgraduate degrees after a first degree has been completed. In countries with qualifications frameworks, bachelor's degrees are normally one of the major levels in the framework (sometimes two levels where non-honours and honours bachelor's degrees are considered separately), although some qualifications titled bachelor's degrees may be at other levels (e.g., MBBS) and some qualifications with non-bachelor's titles may be classified as bachelor's degrees (e.g. the Scottish MA and Canadian MD).

Bachelor of General Studies is an undergraduate academic degree offered by many colleges and universities in the Western world. A BGS program allows students to design a unique degree plan while meeting their academic institution's general requirements. A BGS holds the same value as other degrees in liberal arts or sciences, such as the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees, and is often regarded as an interdisciplinary degree. In the United States, hundreds of colleges and universities offer BGS programs. Students can typically choose from concentrations in a variety of areas.

Educational Attainment is a term commonly used by statisticians to refer to the highest degree of education an individual has completed as defined by the US Census Bureau Glossary.

Certification and Accreditation is a process for implementing any formal process. It is a systematic procedure for evaluating, describing, testing and authorizing systems or activities prior to or after a system is in operation. The C&A process is used extensively across the world.

Accreditation is the process in which certification of competency, authority, or credibility is presented. Organizations that issue credentials or certify third parties against official standards are themselves formally accredited by accreditation bodies (such as UKAS); hence they are sometimes known as "accredited certification bodies". The accreditation process ensures that their certification practices are acceptable, typically meaning that they are competent to test and certify third parties, behave ethically and employ suitable quality assurance. Accredited is something that has been given official approval to act. To grant credentials to something or ascribe an achievement to something. Skills.

Certification refers to the confirmation of certain characteristics of an object, person, or organization. This confirmation is often, but not always, provided by some form of external review, education, assessment, or audit. Accreditation is a specific organization's process of certification. Skill Level.

Course Credit is the recognition for having taken a course at school or university, used as measure if enough hours have been made for graduation, and not a measure of proficiency. Non-Credit Course - Pay to Learn.

Board Certification is the process by which a physician or other professional in the United States demonstrates a mastery of basic knowledge and skills through written, practical, or simulator-based testing.

Product Certification is the process of certifying that a certain product has passed performance tests and quality assurance tests, and meets qualification criteria stipulated in contracts, regulations, or specifications (typically called "certification schemes" in the product certification industry).

Professional Certification is a designation earned by a person to assure qualification to perform a job or task. Not all certifications that use post-nominal letters are an acknowledgement of educational achievement, or an agency appointed to safeguard the public interest.

Professional Degree is a degree that prepares someone to work in a particular profession, often, but not always, meeting the academic requirements for licensure or accreditation. Professional degrees may be either graduate or undergraduate entry, depending on the profession concerned and the country, and may be classified as bachelor's, master's or doctoral degrees. For a variety of reasons, professional degrees may bear the name of a different level of qualification from their classification in qualifications frameworks, e.g. some UK professional degrees are named bachelor's but are at master's level, while some Australian and Canadian professional degrees have the name "doctor" but are classified as master's or bachelor's degrees.

Private Boarding Schools are not regularly inspected and are not required to be licensed or accredited, so be very aware because these schools can be more abusive than public schools.

Credentials is an attestation of qualification, competence, or authority issued to an individual by a third party with a relevant or de facto authority or assumed competence to do so. Examples of credentials include academic diplomas, academic degrees, certifications, security clearances, identification documents, badges, passwords, user names, keys, powers of attorney, and so on. Sometimes publications, such as scientific papers or books, may be viewed as similar to credentials by some people, especially if the publication was peer reviewed or made in a well-known journal or reputable publisher.

Discipline is a branch of knowledge and a system of rules of conduct or method of practice. Training to improve strength or self-control.

Academic Discipline is a branch of knowledge, taught and researched as part of higher education. It incorporates expertise, people, projects, communities, challenges, studies, inquiry, research areas, and facilities that are strongly associated with a given scholastic subject area or college department. Individuals associated with academic disciplines are commonly referred to as experts or specialists. While academic disciplines in and of themselves are more or less focused practices, scholarly approaches such as multi-disciplinarily, interdisciplinarity, transdisciplinarity, and cross-disciplinarily integrate aspects from multiple academic disciplines, therefore addressing any problems that may arise from narrow concentration within specialized fields of study. For example, professionals may encounter trouble communicating across academic disciplines because of differences in language or specified concepts. Some researchers believe that academic disciplines may be replaced by what is known as Mode 2 or "post-academic science", which involves the acquisition of cross-disciplinary knowledge through collaboration of specialists from various academic disciplines.

Graduate School is a school that awards advanced academic degrees (i.e. master's and doctoral degrees) with the general requirement that students must have earned a previous undergraduate (bachelor's) degree with a high grade point average. A distinction is typically made between graduate schools (where courses of study vary in the degree to which they provide training for a particular profession) and professional schools, which offer specialized advanced degrees in professional fields such as medicine, nursing, business, engineering, or law. The distinction between graduate schools and professional schools is not absolute, as various professional schools offer graduate degrees (e.g., some nursing schools offer a master's degree in nursing). Also, some graduate degrees train students for a specific profession (e.g. an MSc or a PhD in epidemiology trains a person to be an epidemiologist).

Undergraduate Education is the post-secondary education previous to the postgraduate education. It includes all the academic programs up to the level of a bachelor's degree. For example, in the United States an entry level university student is known as an undergraduate, while students of higher degrees are known as graduates. In some other educational systems and subjects, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a master's degree; this is the case for some science courses in Britain and some medicine courses in Europe.

Postgraduate Education involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education. In North America, this level is generally referred to as graduate school.

Academic Minor is a college or university student's declared secondary academic discipline during their undergraduate studies. As with a major, the college or university in question lays out a framework of required classes or class types a student must complete to earn the minor – although the latitude the student is given changes from college to college. Academic minors and majors differ in that the former is subordinate to the latter - fewer courses are required to complete a minor program of study than a major program of study. To obtain an academic minor, a total of three years of study at a university in a selected subject is the usual requirement. Some students will prepare for their intended career with their major, while pursuing personal interests with a minor, for example, majoring in civil engineering while minoring in a foreign language or performing arts. Other students may pursue a minor to provide specific specialization and thus make themselves more attractive to employers. It is not infrequent for a physics major to minor in computer science, or an engineering or economics student to minor in mathematics. Students intending to become secondary education teachers often major in their teaching subject area (for example, history or chemistry) and minor in education.

Major in academic is the academic discipline to which an undergraduate student formally commits. A student who successfully completes all courses established in an academic major qualifies for an undergraduate degree. The word "major" is also sometimes used administratively to refer to the academic discipline pursued by a graduate student or postgraduate student in a master's or doctoral program. The term may also apply to a focused field of an academic discipline that a student chooses at the doctoral studies level.

Master's Degree is a second-cycle academic degree awarded by universities upon completion of a course of study demonstrating mastery or a high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice. A master's degree normally requires previous study at the bachelor's level, either as a separate degree or as part of an integrated course. Within the area studied, master's graduates are expected to possess advanced knowledge of a specialized body of theoretical and applied topics; high order skills in analysis, critical evaluation, or professional application; and the ability to solve complex problems and think rigorously and independently. Research.

Master of Business Administration or MBA, is a master's degree in business administration management. The MBA degree originated in the United States in the early 20th century when the country industrialized and companies sought scientific approaches to management. The core courses in an MBA program cover various areas of business such as accounting, finance, marketing, human resources, and operations in a manner most relevant to management analysis and strategy. Most programs also include elective courses. The MBA is a terminal degree and a professional degree. Accreditation bodies specifically for MBA programs ensure consistency and quality of education. Business schools in many countries offer programs tailored to full-time, part-time, executive, and distance learning students, many with specialized concentrations.

Terminal Degree is a university degree that is either highest on the academic track or highest on the professional track in a given field of study. The phrase "terminal degree" is used heavily in the United States, but is used less often outside of North America. The term is not generally used in the United Kingdom or Canada, for example, and its exact meaning varies somewhat between those areas and disciplines in which the term is used. An earned academic (or research) doctorate such as a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) is considered the terminal degree in most academic fields of study in the United States.

Honorary is to confer or grant as an honor, without the usual requirements, functions or normal duties.

Honorary Degree is an academic degree for which a university or other degree-awarding institution has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, a dissertation and the passing of comprehensive examinations.

Adjunct Professor is an academic rank below the highest level of professorship. Teacher.

Master of Research degree is an internationally recognized advanced postgraduate research degree. In most cases, the degree is designed to prepare students for doctoral research. Increasingly, the degree may be useful for students considering careers outside of academia, where high-level research skills are valued but a doctoral qualification is not required.

Doctorate is an academic degree awarded by universities that is, in most countries, a research degree that qualifies the holder to teach at the university level in the degree's field, or to work in a specific profession. There are a variety of doctoral degrees, with the most common being the Doctor of Philosophy or PhD, which is awarded in many different fields, ranging from the humanities to the scientific disciplines. List of Doctoral Degrees in the US (wiki).

Doctor of Philosophy is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries. PhD's are awarded for programs across the whole breadth of academic fields. The completion of a PhD is often a requirement for employment as a university professor, researcher, or scientist in many fields. Individuals who have earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree may, in most jurisdictions, use the title Doctor (often abbreviated "Dr") or, in non-English speaking countries, variants such as "Dr. phil." with their name, and may use post-nominal letters such as "Ph.D.", "PhD" (depending on the awarding institute). Having a PhD can have a significant advantage. PhDs get paid higher than non-PhDs and people with PhDs are in high demand. Trained professionals who know how to create information, not just repackage it, are desperately needed. The top three desired skills for every industry position are critical thinking, complex problem solving, and correct decision-making. Benefits include a set of transferable skills: problem-solving, critical reasoning, thinking in-depth and from different angles and perspectives. To earn a Ph.D. students have to conceive of new projects. They each have to organize the information and material to develop a project. They must perform the experiment, obtain data, separate out the reliable data from the untrustworthy data, and analyze it. They then have to prepare a clear, readable scientific paper that explains what they did, how they analyzed the data, and what the results were. It is not important that they made or did not make a discovery. The work should be such that it advanced the field. They can devise a new experiment, but if that experiment takes too many years to develop, then they can analyze the data from a different experiment. In the end, having accomplished all these tasks, the students have shown capability of doing scientific work under their own direction, without needing the supervision of someone else. That is the goal of the Ph.D. program.

Doctor of Education is a doctoral degree that has a research focus in the field of education. It prepares the holder for academic, research, administrative, clinical or professional positions in educational, civil, private organizations or public institutions.

Diploma a certificate awarded by an educational establishment to show that someone has successfully completed a course of study. A diploma is a certificate or deed issued by an educational institution, such as college or university, that testifies that the recipient has successfully completed a particular course of study. The word diploma also refers to an academic award which is given after the completion of study in different courses such as diploma in higher education, diploma in graduation or diploma in post-graduation. Historically, it can also refer to a charter or official document, thus diplomatic, diplomat and diplomacy via the Codex Juris Gentium Diplomaticus. The diploma (as a document certifying a qualification) may also be called a testamur, Latin for "we testify" or "certify" (testari), so called from the word with which the certificate begins; this is commonly used in Australia to refer to the document certifying the award of a degree. Alternatively, this document can simply be referred to as a degree certificate or graduation certificate, or as a parchment. The certificate that a Nobel laureate receives is also called a diploma. The term diploma is also used in some historical contexts, to refer to documents signed by a King affirming a grant or tenure of specified land and its conditions (see Anglo-Saxon Charters and Diplomatics). Testing Errors - GED.

Transcript is proof of education and a photocopy of transcripts or diplomas for any degrees earned. It has a detailed record of all the subjects that you have studied with your scores in the form of marks or grades given by the institution of study. Documents must show your name, the degree type and date earned. A letter from the registrar of your academic institution verifying your degree, including your name and date completed.

Report Card communicates a student's performance academically. In most places, the report card is issued by the school to the student or the student's parents once to four times yearly. A typical report card uses a grading scale to determine the quality of a student's school work. Throughout North America, the grading scale consists of grades scored in classes taken by the student. Report cards are now frequently issued in automated form by computers and may be mailed to parents and students. Traditional school report cards contained a section for teachers to record individual comments about the student's work and behavior. Some automated card systems provide for teachers' including such comments, but others limit the report card to grades only. The term "Report card" is used to describe any systematic listing and evaluation of something for information. For example, many states in the United States have their education departments issue report cards on schools' performance. Political advocacy groups will often issue "report cards" on legislators, "grading" them based on their stances on issues.
The student: Is a conscientious, hard-working student. Works independently. Is a self-motivated student. Consistently completes homework assignments. Puts forth their best effort into homework assignments. Exceeds expectations with the quality of their work. Readily grasps new concepts and ideas.

School Leavers are young people who have just left school, because they have completed their time there, instead of continuing on to a college or university. a person who, as yet, has not entered employment. It can also mean the lack of job opportunities, particularly for school leavers. Dropped Out.


Accreditation Failures


Just because it's credited course does not mean that the course is right for you or even important to your goals. Credited does not mean that the course will benefit you. Credited does not mean that you could have learned this information on your own. Credited means that you are simply buying a piece of paper that only proves that you paid someone else to help you acquire some information, and not that you fully understand how to correctly use this information to solve problems. A person does not need a piece of paper to work or to make a difference. If someone only excepts that piece of paper then they are in on the crime and in on the fraud. You simply paid your way in instead of earning your way in. There is no difference between a credited course and someone who self taught themselves. But proving that to an employer may be difficult, but not impossible.

Elective Courses - Non-Credited Courses - Testing Errors - Entry Test - Intelligence Test

Accreditation Standards themselves are not accredited or certified. They might say they are, and they might have someone's stamp of approval, but that does not guarantee quality or accuracy. Too many people are mislead, and these are the people who are supposed to be educating you. Unless you can review the guidelines and standards that are used in determining accreditation, and you fully understand them, there's no way to verify the quality or the accuracy of an accreditation.

Accreditation Standards (PDF) - Resuscitation Guidelines for Accredited Training Course Videos (PDF).

Nice - National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

Guidelines and Principles for Accreditation of Programs in Professional Psychology: Quick Reference Guide to Doctoral Programs.

Mickey Mouse Degree is a term for university degree courses regarded as worthless or irrelevant.

Be Very Aware that some online academic degrees are fraudulent and that every state varies in terms of what degrees they will accept. Make sure your online academic school is accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education. Please find out what your professional licensure requirements are before taking courses. And remember that Accreditation is not a measurement of worth or need. Having a degree does not mean that you're intelligent. There is no degree for intelligence or a PhD in Intelligence or a Masters in Smart. But there is a Intelligence Studies, which does not study intelligence for some reason. Almost 4 million people with bachelor degrees live in poverty. So there are degrees of stupidity.

Diploma Mill is a company or organization that claims to be a higher education institution but provides illegitimate academic degrees and diplomas for a fee. The degrees can be fabricated (made-up), falsified (fake), or misrepresented (practically useless). These degrees may claim to give credit for relevant life experience, but should not be confused with legitimate prior learning assessment programs. They may also claim to evaluate work history or require submission of a thesis or dissertation for evaluation to give an appearance of authenticity. Diploma mills are frequently supported by accreditation mills, set up for the purpose of providing an appearance of authenticity. The term may also be used pejoratively to describe an accredited institution with low academic admission standards and a low job placement rate. An individual may or may not be aware that the degree they have obtained is not wholly legitimate. In either case, legal issues can arise if the qualification is used in résumés.

Vanity Award vanity award is an award in which the recipient purchases the award and/or marketing services to give the false appearance of a legitimate honor. Pitches for Who's Who-type publications (see vanity press), biographies or nominations for awards or special memberships can have a catch to them in which the honoree is required to pay for recognition.

MRS Degree is a slang term for when a young woman attends college or university with the intention of finding a potential spouse, rather than to pursue academic achievement for a future career.

Work Experience. Obtaining a higher education only proves that you can succeed in academia, it does not prove that you can do the job or work in a real-world job situation. Success in actual work that you have personally experienced tells prospective employers more about what you have to offer.

On the Job Training - Jobs should send People to School

Job Fraud refers to fraudulent or deceptive activity or representation on the part of an employee or prospective employee toward an employer. It is not to be confused with employment fraud, where an employer scams job seekers or fails to pay wages for work performed. There are several types of job frauds that employees or potential employees commit against employers. While some may be illegal under jurisdictional laws, others do not violate law but may be held by the employer against the employee or applicant.

Résumé Fraud or application fraud refers to any act that involves intentionally providing fictitious, exaggerated, or otherwise misleading information on a job application or résumé in hopes of persuading a potential employer to hire an applicant for a job  for which they may be unqualified or less qualified than other applicants. Depending on the nature of the offense, the type of job , and the jurisdiction where it occurs, such an act may or may not be a violation of criminal law. In any case, knowingly providing inaccurate information to an employer or potential employer, if discovered by the employer, is almost always grounds for immediate dismissal from the job or else denial of that job.


Licensed


License shows that you’re competent and permitted to conduct business in the city, municipality, or state in which the license was issued. A license means to give someone permission or to give official authorized approval to act, and to have the document record of that permission. A license may be granted by a party ("licensor") to another party ("licensee") as an element of an agreement between those parties. A shorthand definition of a license is "an authorization (by the licensor) to use the licensed material (by the licensee)." Freedom versus License. There exists a distinction between the concepts of freedom and license. The former deals with the rights of the individual; the latter covers the expressed permission (or lack thereof) for more than one individual to engage in an activity. As a result, freedoms usually include rights which are usually recognized (often, not always, in an unconditional manner) by the government (and access to which is theoretically enforced against any and all interferences). Licenses, on the other hand, are distributed to individuals who make use of a specific item, expressing the permission to use the item or service under specified, conditional terms and boundaries of usage.

Occupational Licensing is a form of government regulation requiring a license to pursue a particular profession or vocation for compensation. Professions that can have a large negative effect on individuals, like physicians and lawyers, require occupational licenses in most developed countries, but many jurisdictions also require licenses for professions without that possibility, like plumbers, taxi drivers, and electricians. Licensing creates a regulatory barrier to entry into licensed occupations, and this results in higher income for those with licenses and usually higher costs for consumers. Licensing advocates argue that it protects the public interest by keeping incompetent and unscrupulous individuals from working with the public. However, there is little evidence that it affects the overall quality of services provided to customers by members of the regulated occupation.

We require people to have a drivers license in order to prove that they know how to drive a motor vehicle, but we don't require people to have a License for Life that proves that they know how to live. Everyone should have a Life License. You need to know how to operate the machine of life effectively, efficiently and safely. You have to know how to read the signs that life is always giving you, and you have to understand the rules of the road as you travel through life and you need to know how to navigate life's ups and downs and life's crazy turns and hazards. Resume (qualifications).

Bonded is a business that has purchased a surety bond. A surety bond represents an agreement between three parties: The Principal – The principal is the purchaser of the bond; the company that will be providing its services to others. The Obligee – The obligee is the party that requires the bond before permitting the principal to do business, usually a state or municipal institution. The Surety – The surety is the insurance company that issues the bond. Surety bonds protect the third-party that is hiring a business from any possible losses that would result from incomplete work, damage, theft, or other failures of the hired company. If damages do occur, the third party can file a claim and receive compensation for these losses from the surety, which would then have to be repaid by the principal. Generally, there are two types of surety bonds: contract bonds and commercial bonds. Commercial bonds are required for businesses that want to work on projects with a government or municipal entity. They protect public institutions from losses potentially suffered due to the bonded business’ inability to properly follow applicable laws, rules, or regulations. The surety provider will pay the claim on the bond when the principal is unable to resolve the issue independently. The principal then has to repay the surety company. The second main type of surety bond for businesses is called a contract bond. Contract bonds are also called “construction surety bonds” since these types of bonds are usually required in the construction industry. However, they apply to other industries as well. The most common contract bonds are: Performance Bond – This bond ensures that the business will carry out their services in full, in accordance with the agreement made between them and the hiring party. Payment Bond – This bond ensures that employees, subcontractors, and suppliers are protected from non-payment or late payment. Bid Bond – Bid bonds guarantee to the hiring party that the bidder will take on the job if selected. Ancillary bonds – These bonds work in conjunction with performance bonds to ensure that all contract requirements are met, excluding performance and payment requirements.

Insured business means that it has transferred any number of risks to a third party through an insurance product. There are many types of commercial insurance that can protect businesses from a variety of risks, but keep in mind that not every business needs every type of insurance. In the context of a business claiming to be licensed, bonded, and insured, it usually means that the business has purchased some of the most traditional insurance policies that just about every business needs, such as workers comp and general liability insurance policies. What Additional Insurance Do You Need? No business is exactly the same, so naturally, every business tends to have a different set of needs when it comes to coverage. The insurance your business should purchase will depend a lot on your industry, the size of your company, and various risk factors that may or may not be unique to your business.


Professional


Professional is a skilled and knowledgeable member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified professional activity. The term also describes the standards of education and training that prepare members of the profession with the particular knowledge and skills necessary to perform their specific role within that profession. In addition, most professionals are subject to strict codes of conduct, enshrining rigorous ethical and moral obligations. Professional standards of practice and ethics for a particular field are typically agreed upon and maintained through widely recognized professional associations, such as the IEEE. Some definitions of "professional" limit this term to those professions that serve some important aspect of public interest and the general good of society.

Technical - Efficient - Effective - Leadership - Discipline - Trust - Professional Methodologies - Affirmations

Professional Attitude is showing etiquette, respect and courteous conduct and being conscious of how you treat others. The ability to effectively manage your time, display leadership and a positive attitude, as well as act in an ethical manner and having persistence and determination.

Professionalism is the competence, skill, methods, character or standards expected of a professional. To have Mind Set of questions to ask yourself when dealing with other people. Does this person need help? Does this person require attention? Does this person require respect? Does this person require criticism? Not an Amateur.

Professional Ethics encompasses the personal and corporate standards of behavior expected by professionals. Knowledge should be governed when providing a service to the public. A person should be capable of making good judgments, applying their skills, and reaching informed decisions in situations that the general public cannot because they have not attained the necessary knowledge and skills. One of the earliest examples of professional ethics is the Hippocratic oath to which medical doctors still adhere to this day. Humans are not Guinea Pigs.

Professional Responsibility is the area of legal practice that encompasses the duties of attorneys to act in a professional manner, obey the law, avoid conflicts of interest, and put the interests of clients ahead of their own interests.

Proficient is being competent or skilled in doing something or using something.

Paraprofessional is a person to whom a particular aspect of a professional task is delegated but who is not licensed to practice as a fully qualified professional. Paraprofessional is a title given to individuals in various occupational fields, such as education, healthcare, engineering, and law. Historically, paraprofessionals assisted the master professional of their field. In more recent times, paraprofessionals have become a professional in their own right, providing services which meet the needs of a particular recipient or community. Paraprofessional Educator is a teaching-related position within a school generally responsible for specialized or concentrated assistance for students in elementary and secondary schools.

Forte is an asset of special worth or utility. Not My Forte is a saying that means that some activity or area of knowledge is not your area of expertise and not a strong-point where you excel.

Expert is someone who has a prolonged or intense experience through practice and education in a particular field. Informally, an expert is someone widely recognized as a reliable source of technique or skill whose faculty for judging or deciding rightly, justly, or wisely is accorded authority and status by peers or the public in a specific well-distinguished domain. An expert, more generally, is a person with extensive knowledge or ability based on research, experience, or occupation and in a particular area of study. Experts are called in for advice on their respective subject, but they do not always agree on the particulars of a field of study. An expert can be believed, by virtue of credential, training, education, profession, publication or experience, to have special knowledge of a subject beyond that of the average person, sufficient that others may officially (and legally) rely upon the individual's opinion. Historically, an expert was referred to as a sage (Sophos). The individual was usually a profound thinker distinguished for wisdom and sound judgment. Expertise is the skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge.

Subject-Matter Expert is a person who is an authority in a particular area or topic. Subject Matter Experts are defined as those individuals with specific expertise and responsibility in a particular area or field (for example, quality unit, engineering, automation, development, operations). Subject Matter Experts should take the lead role in the verification of manufacturing systems as appropriate within their area of expertise and responsibility.

Domain Expert is a person with special knowledge or skills in a particular area of endeavor (e.g. an accountant is an expert in the domain of accountancy). The development of accounting software requires knowledge in two different domains: accounting and software. Some of the development workers may be experts in one domain and not the other.

Maven is a trusted expert in a particular field, who seeks to pass timely and relevant knowledge on to others in the respective field. Professional Help.

Guru is a Sanskrit term for a teacher, guide, expert, or master of certain knowledge or field.

Official is a person holding public office or having official duties, actions, and responsibilities, especially as a representative of an organization or government department who has been given official status from a national or state institution. Conforming to set usage, procedure, or discipline. Someone who administers the rules of a game or sport.

Speaking from Experience is to talk about something from having prior experience with that something, thus having a more credible or worthwhile viewpoint. Witness.

Pundit is an expert or critic in a particular field who often presents their views to the media. Someone who has been admitted to membership in a scholarly field. Pundit is a person who offers to mass media their opinion or commentary on a particular subject area (most typically political analysis, the social sciences, technology or sport) on which he or she is knowledgeable (or can at least appear to be knowledgeable), or considered a scholar in said area. Gifted.

Profession is an occupation requiring special education and training. Competence.

Private Practice is the work of a professional practitioner, such as a doctor or lawyer, who is self-employed.

Practitioner is a person actively engaged in an art, discipline or profession, like medicine or science.

Tradesman refers to a worker who specializes in a particular occupation that requires work experience, on-the-job training, and often formal vocational education, but not a bachelor's degree.

Master Craftsman is someone who passes through the career chain from apprentice to journeyman before they could be elected to become a master craftsman. A person would then have to produce a masterpiece and a sum of money and before they could actually join the guild. If the masterpiece was not accepted by the masters, the person would not allowed to join the guild, possibly remaining a journeyman for the rest of their life.

Specialized is to become more focused on an area of activity or field of study. Suit to a special purpose. Devote oneself to a special area of work. Developed or designed for a special activity or function. Experienced.

Specialist is a person who concentrates primarily on a particular subject or activity; a person highly skilled in a specific and restricted field. Specialty in medicine is a branch of medical practice that is focused on a defined group of patients, diseases, skills, or philosophy. Specialist Degree is an academic degree conferred by a college or university.

Excellence is the quality of excelling; possessing good qualities in high degree. An outstanding feature; something in which something or someone excels or distinguishes oneself.

Advisor is an Expert who gives advice or guidance or recommendations concerning prudent future action, typically given by someone regarded as knowledgeable or highly educated and having extensive information or understanding, and thoroughly acquainted through study or experience, a recognized authority or excellence.

Mentor - Tutor - Answer QuestionsGuide - Teacher - Instructions

Advice is a proposal for an appropriate course of action.

Technical Advisor is an individual who is an expert in a particular field of knowledge, hired to provide detailed information and advice to people working in that field.

Informing the Public - Opinion - Hacking - Do it Yourself.

Recommendation is a suggestion or proposal as to the best course of action, especially one put forward by an authoritative body. The action of recommending something or someone. The act of referring or consulting. A recommendation can also mean any quality or characteristic that gains a person a favorable reception or acceptance or admission.

Coaching is to teach, instruct, train and supervise someone's progress in a particular activity. A form of development in which a person supports a learner in achieving a specific personal or professional goal by providing training, advice and guidance. Coaching Tips.

Life Coaching
is the process of helping people identify and achieve personal goals. Although life coaches may have studied counseling psychology or related subjects, a life coach does not act as a therapist, Counselor, or health care provider, and psychological intervention lies outside the scope of life coaching. Brain Trust.

Guide on the Side and not just a sage on the stage. Personal Guidance (help).

Lifestyle Management is the outsourcing of personal tasks to commercial firms and individuals. Lifestyle managers or personal assistants act as an intermediary between suppliers of commercial services and consumers who are unwilling or unable to carry out a given task for themselves. These firms typically present their offer in terms of time-saving or access to expertise, with some firms also positioning their service as a luxury good. Leader.

Protégé is a person who is guided and supported by an older and more experienced or influential person. Journey Man.

Consultant is a professional who provides expert advice in a particular area of knowledge. Counselor.

Consulting is to get advice or ask for advice or seek information from someone. Have a conference in order to talk something over. Management Consulting.

Nobody Does It Better - Carly Simon - The Spy Who Loved Me (1977) (youtube)
Nobody does it better, Makes me feel sad for the rest.
Nobody does it half as good as you, Baby, you're the best.
I wasn't lookin' but somehow you found me,
It tried to hide from your love light,
But like heaven above me, The spy who loved me,
Is keepin' all my secrets safe tonight.
And nobody does it better,
Though sometimes I wish someone could,
Nobody does it quite the way you do,
Why'd you have to be so good?
The way that you hold me, Whenever you hold me,
There's some kind of magic inside you.
That keeps me from runnin', But just keep it comin',
How'd you learn to do the things you do?
Oh, and nobody does it better, Makes me feel sad for the rest.
Nobody does it half as good as you, Baby, baby, darlin', you're the best,
Baby you're the best, Darlin', you're the best,
Baby you're the best, Oh, oh, oh.

The Best - Tina Turner (youtube)
I call you when I need you, my heart's on fire,
You come to me, come to me wild and wired,
Oh, you come to me, give me everything I need,
Give me a life time of promises and a world of dreams,
Speak the language of love like you know what it means,
Mm, and it can't be wrong, take my heart and make it strong, babe.
You're simply the best, better than all the rest,
Better than anyone, anyone I ever met,
I'm stuck on your heart, I hang on every word you say,
Tear us apart, baby, I would rather be dead,
In your heart I see the start of every night and every day,
In your eyes I get lost, I get washed away,
Just as long here in your arms I could be in no better place,
You're simply the best, better than all the rest,
Better than anyone, anyone I ever met,
I'm stuck on your heart, I hang on every word you say,
Tear us apart, baby, I would rather be dead,
Each time you leave me I start losing control,
You're walking away with my heart and my soul,
I can feel you even when I'm alone,
Oh, baby, don't let go,
You're the best, better than all the rest,
Better than anyone, anyone I ever met,
I'm stuck on your heart,
I hang on every word you say, Tear us apart.
Baby I would rather be dead, Oh you're the best.



Brain Drain - Have Education Will Travel


Human Capital Flight refers to the emigration of individuals who have received advanced training at home. Brain Drain can occur when scientists, engineers, or other intellectual elites migrate to a more developed country to learn in its universities, perform research, or gain working experience in areas where education and employment opportunities are limited in their home country. These professionals then return to their home country after several years of experience to start a related business, teach in a university, or work for a multi-national in their home country. Their return is this "Reverse Brain Drain". The occurrence of reverse brain drain mostly depends on the state of the country's development, and also strategies and planning over a long period of time to reverse the migration. Countries that are attractive to returning intelligentsia will naturally develop migration policies to attract foreign academics, professionals and executives. This would also require these countries to develop an environment which will provide rewarding opportunities for those who have attained the knowledge and skills from overseas. In the past, many of the immigrants from developing countries chose to work and live permanently in developed countries; however, the recent economic growth that has been occurring back in their home countries—and the difficulty of attaining long-term work visas—has caused many of the immigrants to return home. The net benefits of human capital flight for the receiving country are sometimes referred to as a "brain gain" whereas the net costs for the sending country are sometimes referred to as a "brain drain". In occupations that experience a surplus of graduates, immigration of foreign-trained professionals can aggravate the underemployment of domestic graduates. Research shows that there are significant economic benefits of human capital flight both for the migrants themselves and those who remain in the country of origin. It has been found that emigration of skilled individuals to the developed world contributes to greater education and innovation in the developing world. Research also suggests that emigration, remittances and return migration can have a positive impact on democratization and the quality political institutions in the country of origin. Skill Sharing - Temp Work.

Reverse Brain Drain is a form of brain drain where human capital moves in reverse from a more developed country to a less developed country that is developing rapidly. These migrants may accumulate savings, also known as remittances, and develop skills overseas that can be used in their home country. Over Qualified - Undermatching.

When the worlds best scientists and best engineers are lured into by high paying jobs that do more harm than good, then we are wasting our brain power on the love of money. This brain drain is killing our potential. This ignorant practice is not part of our National Interest or part of our country's goals and ambitions.

BK101 is a Brain Drain Equalizer, because BK101 is a Brain Gain to any person who has access to valuable knowledge and information. So no matter where you are or where you go, you will always be a benefit to the entire world. And on top of that, you will be more aware of where you're needed the most and where you can create the most value to the world.



Elective Courses - Required Courses


Elective Course is one chosen by a student from a number of optional subjects or courses in a curriculum, as opposed to a required course which the student must take. While required courses (sometimes called "core courses" or "general education courses") are deemed essential for an academic degree, elective courses tend to be more specialized. Elective courses usually have fewer students than the required courses. Are schools discouraging Self-Directed Learning?

Extracurricular Activity are those that fall outside the realm of the normal curriculum of school or university education, performed by students. Extracurricular activities exist for all students. Such activities are generally voluntary as opposed to mandatory, social, philanthropic, and often involve others of the same age. Students and staff direct these activities under faculty sponsorship, although student-led initiatives, such as independent newspapers, are very common.

Extension Program is a department within a college that offers classes to local residents interested in learning new skills or information. Extension programs were designed to educate entire communities. Individuals who enroll in this kind of program take classes purely to advance their knowledge in a subject.

Homework - Creativity - Outdoor Play

Typically, North American universities require students to achieve both the Understanding of knowledge across disciplines and the depth of knowledge in a particular chosen subject area, known as a major. Thus, students of the Arts or Humanities are required to take some science courses, and vice versa. Normally, students are free to choose their particular electives from among a wide range of courses offered by their university, as long as the students possess the prerequisite knowledge to understand the subject matter being taught. An English major, for example, might also study one or two years of chemistry, biology or physics as well as mathematics and a foreign language.

Simultaneous Subject Teaching

An elective represents a unique opportunity for medical students, allowing them to experience healthcare in a setting unfamiliar to that in which they are accustomed to studying, and also provides the opportunity for medical students to develop their skills by observing and participating in healthcare overseas. Classically, students embark on elective placements abroad, often in the developing world, or other countries where scientific, social, economic or cultural standards differ from those found in the country where the student's medical school is situated. However, as electives can be expensive, some students opt for elective placements in the same country as their university. Aside from providing experience of differing practices, electives also allow students to encounter medical conditions they are less used to seeing at home. In addition, students often retrospectively describe how their placements broadened their horizons with regards to the social issues affecting healthcare in developing countries.

Elective in medical is a placement undertaken as part of a medical degree. The content and setting of the placement are largely decided by the student undertaking it, hence the name. Elective placements are not exclusive to medical degrees; many other degree programs within the field of healthcare also incorporate electives (such as nursing, dentistry and physiotherapy) and the format is often the same.

"Your Major should be "How not to be Ignorant 101".

As longs as every student knows what the most valuable knowledge and skills are, that are needed to learn, they should be given choices and options, and be given the flexibility to learn about something that they feel like learning about.

Intellectual Work is any activity which involves making sense of the world, which often but not always is connected to making judgments about how to act in the world.

Exploratory Studies is a short-term preparatory major that will give you time to ponder your interests, consider your options, make confident, informed career decisions, and complete your prerequisite preparation for the major of your choice. Exploratory Major allows you to explore your interests and strengths in a supportive environment with the assistance of an Exploratory Academic Advisor. Spending time on self-exploration, majors, and potential careers prior to declaring a major can help you to be certain of your choice of major.

Niche is a position particularly well suited to the person who occupies it. A small concavity. An enclosure that is set back or indented. Niche in ecology is the status of an organism within its environment and community (affecting its survival as a species).


Non-Credit Course - Academic Credit - College Credit


Recognition of Prior Learning evaluates skills and knowledge acquired outside the classroom for the purpose of recognizing competence against a given set of standards, competencies, or learning outcomes. Competence.

Transfer Credit is granting credit to a student for educational experiences or courses undertaken at another institution. This is a subset of Recognition of Prior Learning (which also includes prior work or non-institutional experience for credit). "Advanced standing" is also used to describe the status of a student granted credit, as distinct from normal course entrants who commence the stream of study at the beginning.

Course Equivalency is the term used in higher education describing how a course offered by one college or university relates to another course offered by another school.

Credit - Approval is the recognition by a college or university that a course of studies has been successfully completed; typically measured in semester hours. Ascribe an achievement to. Give someone credit for something. Have trust in; trust in the truth or veracity of. Entry Testing.

Semester Hour is a unit of academic credit; one hour a week for an academic semester.

Course Credit Accreditation

Non-Credit Course sounds like an oxymoron, where's the value? Are you taking a course for no reason?

Course Credit has the same danger as giving awards or a medals. Someone assigns value to something, but they do not tell you how they calculated the value, whether it is a course credit, or a trophy, or a medal, or an award, or money, or an art work. A False Sense of Worth, what kind of education is that?

Credible is being capable of being believed or trustworthy. Appearing to merit belief or acceptance. Valid - Expert.

Recognition is generally approved or compelling recognition. Provided with a secure reputation. The state or quality of being recognized or acknowledged.

Support is to establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts. Support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm. Something providing immaterial assistance to a person or cause or interest. Give moral or psychological support, aid, or courage to. Supporting structure that holds up or provides a foundation. The act of bearing the weight of or strengthening.

Justify is to show to be reasonable or provide adequate ground for. A rational motive for a belief or action. Instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject. Purpose.

Reason is the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination. The state of having good sense and sound judgment. A justification for something existing or happening. A fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion. Think logically. Capable of or reflecting the capability for correct and valid reasoning. Based on known statements or events or conditions. Capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner. Reasoning.

News about Certifications. Veteran teacher Ann Marie Corgill, Alabama's reigning Teacher of the Year says she has resigned after state officials told her she's unqualified to teach in her fifth-grade classroom because of certification issues, despite her well-documented accomplishments. Corgill has Class A and B certifications to teach primary school through third grade.

Extra Credit is a way to gain points, particularly used in schools. Students who are highly capable may benefit from an additional challenge that might not be suitable as required work for all students. Extra credit may also be used as a way to allow a student to improve his or her grade after a weak performance earlier in a course. In both of these cases, extra credit can promote differentiated instruction by factoring in optional work in the assessment of student performance.



Higher Education Reform


Graduation RatesHigher Education is tertiary education leading to award of an academic degree. Higher education, also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education, is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education. It represents levels 6, 7 and 8 of the 2011 version of the International Standard Classification of Education structure. Tertiary education at a non-degree level is sometimes referred to as further education or continuing education as distinct from higher education. Individuals with more years of education generally have more abilities and skills needed to acquire more training later on in life.

America has the lowest college completion rate in the developed world, at least among the 18 countries tracked by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Only 55 percent of first-time undergraduates who matriculated in the fall of 2008 finished a degree within six years, versus 56.1 percent of those who began in fall 2007. According to a new report from the National Student Clearinghouse Research Center, barely half, 52.9 percent, of students who enrolled in fall 2009 had earned a bachelor’s or associate degree six years later. That’s down from a completion rate of 56.1 percent for the students who enrolled in 2007. (Graduation rates were especially low for students at for-profit colleges.) In our community colleges, 80 percent don't get a college degree. The chief reason is that 70 percent fail remedial math. And even in our four-year colleges, 40 percent don't get B.A.s [after 6 years]. And the biggest reason is they fail freshman math. College Sports Scam (follow the money).

Between 40% and 60% of first-year college students in the United States require remedial help in English, math, or both. Costing students and their families in all 50 states close to $1.3 billion each year. Schools should have taught this in high school, schools are failing everyone tremendously.

Achievement Gap - High School Dropout Rates

Education Policies - Higher Education Resources - Education is a Right

Not only are the schools under educating students, the students who are smart enough to educate themselves outside the schools and universities, end up having their intelligence exploited by big corporations. Too many companies are wasting the brain power and the potential of our brightest students. Luring them in with high paying jobs that under utilize their efforts and their potential while wasting their intelligence on bogus projects that do more harm to society then good. The human race is being systematically murdered on both ends. Dumbing down the masses on one end, and stealing the smart ones on the other end. Stuck In The Middle With You - Stealers Wheel (youtube) - Same Problem with Monopolies, and Big Corporations buying up the competition and squeezing out small businesses. Soon we will have no choices and no diversity, which means death. How can being a selfish scumbag and a thief be called success? It's easy when you dumb down education.

A College Student is still just a High School Student. And most High School Students are still acting like Elementary School Children. So when do these children actually become Adults? If going to college doesn't make you an adult, than what does? And why are we just using the age of a person as the only way to determine if someone is an adult. We need to separate the age of a person from the word adult. And we need a Test for Adulthood. So all the adults who are still acting like children, will now know if they are actually a grownup, or if they are still just the spoiled brat and ignorant child that they have never fully grown out of. Mature? - Do you Know enough?

University is a large and diverse institution of higher learning created to educate for life and for a profession and to grant degrees. (that is what schools say the do, which is more of a sales pitch then a reality. They don't have a clear Purpose).

College is an institution of higher education created to educate and grant degrees; often a part of a university. College is an educational institution or a constituent part of one. A college may be a degree-awarding tertiary educational institution, a part of a collegiate or federal university, an institution offering vocational education, or a secondary school.

Educational Institution is an institution dedicated to education. (that's only if they actually know what the word education is).
How many schools are there?

Student is a person enrolled in a school or other educational institution who attends classes. A Student is a Learner who has gained knowledge, information and skills in one or more disciplines. (Student of Life and a Student for Life).

“The reality is that our system of higher education costs too much, takes too long, and graduates too few.”

Even if you do graduate, getting a job is not a guarantee. Even if you do graduate, this doesn't mean that you have the necessary skills to work for a particular employer.

Excellent Sheep is a 2015 book of social criticism on the role of elite colleges in American society written by William Deresiewicz and published by Free Press.

Higher education, or going to college or to a university is not a waste of time, because there are many benefits that come from continuing your education. Studies have shown that college graduates are healthier and are less likely to get divorced. College graduates also earn more money and have more job opportunities. But of course this is not say that college graduates do good things with the money they earn, or don't earn, or does it say that the jobs they performed actually made a difference in the world, because to many graduates add to the slow decline of our species, and they also do more harm then good to our world. And they don't even know this because they had an inadequate education. When you ask a college student why they want to go to college, most of them answer to make money and to get a good job. But what students should be saying is that the main reason to go to college is to make improvements to the world, and to make a difference. Too many Colleges and Universities make outrageous claims about what kind of benefits students will get, but once you ask them exactly how they will accomplish some of those claims, you will find out they have no idea.

Going to College Does Not a Guarantee a Job or Higher Income

Most kids give the same reason for going to college, which is to make money. That means they proved one thing, that they were ignorant before they even started college. Money is not a reason, making a difference in the world is a reason. So how do you plan to improve the world? Will the knowledge and skills that you're seeking provide you with the tools to achieve your goals? If the reason is to get a better job, then will the job you get make a difference in the world? If the reason is to have more opportunities, then what opportunities are you seeking that are proven to make a difference?

Professors in Poverty • Brave New Films (youtube)

Adjunct Professor type of professors and faculty (academic staff) in higher education, at an academic rank below the highest level of professorship.

Paraprofessional Educator is a teaching-related position within a school generally responsible for specialized or concentrated assistance for students in elementary and secondary schools. Paraprofessional educators generally assist teachers in the classroom, supervise students outside of the classroom, or provide administrative support for teaching. Job duties range from filling teaching positions to supplementing regular classroom curriculum with additional enrichment activities for students. Other positions include classroom aides, special education aides, school library technical assistants, and tutors. Provide one-on-one tutoring if such tutoring is scheduled at a time when a student would not otherwise receive instruction from a teacher, Assist with classroom management, such as by organizing instructional materials, Provide instructional assistance in a computer laboratory, Conduct parental involvement activities, Provide instructional support in a library or media center, Act as a translator, or Provide instructional support services under the direct supervision of a highly qualified teacher.

Stipend is a form of salary, such as for an internship or apprenticeship. It is often distinct from a wage or a salary because it does not necessarily represent payment for work performed; instead it represents a payment that enables somebody to be exempt partly or wholly from waged or salaried employment in order to undertake a role that is normally unpaid or voluntary, or which cannot be measured in terms of a task. Stipends are usually lower than what would be expected as a permanent salary for similar work,  because sometimes the stipend is complemented by other benefits such as accreditation, instruction, food, and/or accommodation.

Todays schools should not be allowed to use the word "education" when describing what they do, they should just call it job training. This way everyone would know that they still need education and knowledge, and not some form of Re-education.

90% of College Graduates are only educated enough to get a particular job. People with degrees are not educated enough to fully understand the world and the system on which they feed. So they will never have the abilities to improve society, or will they ever be aware of the damage that they are doing to themselves and the world around them. Providing a service to people should never include killing people, polluting the water or destroying the land. College Grads need to look at the entire scope of their life and all of its impacts. And they should at the least have enough skills to do that, hopefully.

Count the Things that Matter (capstone)

Schools say they teach good work skills and good work ethics, but they don't. This is a fraudulent marketing technique to scam students and parents out of their money, and at the same time, give them an inadequate education. You should ask schools where in the curriculum does this knowledge come from? And how do you test for these skills? Schools are lying. I guess that's part of the lesson. Schools are letting you know that there are people in the world that will say anything to take your money. What fools have we become.

"Todays Education is like connecting a wire to a light bulb but never turning the light on."

70% of colleges now offer courses online. This is higher educations last attempt to take your money, or, their last attempt to control you by giving you student loan debt. You have to remember that 99% of Universities and Community Colleges are only interested money, they are not interested in your future, unless that future is about them getting more money from you, or about creating more ways of controlling your behavior. That seems to be the whole point of this dysfunctional education system that we have, which is to keep students ignorant to the truth, a truth that even the people in power don't have, because if they did, we would not be in this mess.  "This is not to discourage you from learning, this is about awareness"

"That's not mapping your future, that's just a con game, and life is not a con game."

How an oversupply of PhDs could threaten American science
Bad News for the class of 2008
Higher Ed Info

College Admissions Bribery Scandal exposed a criminal conspiracy to influence undergraduate admissions decisions at several prominent American universities. cheating on college entrance exams and fabrication of elite sports credentials. clients' children to cheat on the SAT or ACT college admission tests. (This problem is just the tip of the iceberg).



School Financial Aid Scams - Fraud - Deception - Exploitation


I finally paid of my student loans, and I'm only 68 The U.S. Department of Education is forecast to generate $127 billion in profit over the next decade from lending to college students and their families, according to the Congressional Budget Office. (Conflict of Interest).

Parents borrowed $40,000 to pay for their children's college. 20 years of payments later, they owe $100,000.

The total outstanding student loan debt in the US is $1.2 trillion in 2016, that's the second-highest level of consumer debt behind only mortgages, which was another scam ... About 40 million Americans hold student loans and about 70 percent of bachelor's degree recipients graduate with Debt." The class of 2015 graduated with $35,051 in student debt, on average.

Stealing Money - Scams

The federal government should not profit off the backs of students. "That is obscene." - U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren

Alumni Now Owe Trillions:
How Debt and Money is used to Control and Manipulate People.

Student Financial Aid in the United States (wiki) 

The average cost of a higher education in the U.S. is more than $128,000 at a private school, $96,000 for out-of-state residents attending public universities and about $40,000 for in-state residents at those same public universities, that is not excluding costs of living or other student loans.  And what you get is a job and a life filled with lies...

A guy with $170,000 in student loans, who can't find a job in the legal profession, is suing his law school, now there's a person who knows how to use a degree. If College Tours Were Actually Honest (youtube)

The skyrocketing cost of college is forcing an alarming number of students to go hungry. A 2016 study of all of the University of California campuses revealed that over 40% of UC students report either low or very low food security. Food Security Commission Staff of the University of California.

Sophism is using the techniques of philosophy and rhetoric for the purpose of teaching arete—"excellence" or "virtue"—predominantly to young statesmen and nobility. The practice of charging money for education and providing wisdom only to those who could pay led to the condemnations made by Socrates (as he is portrayed by Plato in his dialogues) as well as Xenophon's Memorabilia. Through works such as these, Sophists were portrayed as "specious" or "deceptive", hence the modern meaning of the term.

In the last 10 years 300 Billion of taxpayer dollars from Pell Grants went to college students who never end up with a diploma, only 40 percent Pell recipients graduate, the national average is 60 percent. So we allow colleges and universities to steal money, not surprised, that's one of the things schools teach, is how to steal. But even with a diploma you are still not learning enough? Schools steal, Schools don't teach enough, so what's the lesson here? Your education system is dysfunctional, corrupt and inadequate. The investment in education is only valuable when the education is valuable, and a guarantee. How can you take money to educate someone and then end up not educating them?

John Oliver: School for Profit Student Debt (HBO) (youtube)
Ivy League Admissions are a Sham

IVORY TOWER (2014) (youtube) - Ivory Tower (wiki)

The Higher Education Bubble (youtube)

Majority of College Kids Go Hungry—Even With Jobs and Financial Aid. Over half of college students are facing food insecurity despite assistance programs.

If there's a tech skills shortage, why are so many computer graduates unemployed? The IT services firm Cognizant hired 18,000 foreign workers on H-1B visas and very few domestic employees in the US. Demand for digital skills is forecast to continue to grow, but defining what those skills are and how to teach them needs to be addressed now, today.

Not only do colleges and Universities steal students money, but when the students walk away in disgust, the schools then stab the students in the back with student debt. And on top of that, the schools do not teach enough knowledge and skills in order for students to do the work that they would like to do. This is a scam, because colleges failed to deliver what they promised, which is educated intellectuals who are prepared for the challenges of life, and have the ability to solve every problem on the planet. Money is just a tool, it does not calculate the true value of the knowledge and skills being taught. And of course schools are not going to teach students just how ignorant the system is, so students will not have the necessary knowledge and information in order to fix this problem. The cycle of ignorance continues.

Higher Education Act of 1965 (wiki)

Why does Money stop poor students from getting a quality education? Because there is no such thing as a quality education, just yet. When we finally develop a high quality education, then we will have an education system controlled by intelligence instead of money. Our education system is not just rigged and corrupt, it is inadequate and dysfunctional.

TRUE MERIT Ensuring Our Brightest Students Have Access to Our Best Colleges and Universities

Only a third of college students graduate within four years, and many never finish. And the ones who do finish, do not even know what being finished means. Do you think that you know enough?  Did you get your money's worth? That's a fargen trick question.

Why does renting a place to live sometimes cost more than Tuition? There's a good subject to teach. The pay gap between men and women is more about corruption. There's a good subject to teach. Just saying that college students earn more money does not say that there work is making a difference, or what they do with their money. Are they contributing to the slow decline of the world, or are they really making a difference? There's a good subject to teach.

Piagetian Programs in Higher Education, ADAPT Program 1975 (PDF)

Academically Adrift (Book on Amazon) - The authors of Academically Adrift find that in the first two years of college, with a large sample of more than 2,300 students, we observe no statistically significant gains in critical thinking, complex reasoning and writing skills for at least 45 percent of the students in our study. If education does not teach students how to solve the problems that they will face, then that's not education, that's retardation. Education does not erase the wealth divide, or erase racism, because education itself does not address these problems. So students will never be able to solve these problems unless they learn how to solve them. Put that in your curriculum. Education Under-Matching.



Investing


Investment is the act of giving time, energy or effort with the expectation of some worthwhile result and benefit. A delayed gratification from work done in the past. Investment is the commitment of time, energy, or effort to a project with the expectation of some worthwhile result.

Sowing - Budgeting - Inputs - Outputs

Invest is to give qualities or abilities to a future potential. To spend money, time, or energy on something, especially for some benefit or purpose. To furnish someone with power or authority who possesses qualities that are required to do something or to get something done. Freedom from doubt and a belief in yourself and your abilities.

Return on Investment are the benefits that comes from previously invested time, effort or money that was given at an earlier time. Like investing in your education, the return on your investment would be acquiring high quality skills that would produce needed value and a higher paying job. Return on Investment is the benefit to an investor resulting from an investment of some resource. A high ROI means the investment gains compare favorably to investment cost. As a performance measure, ROI is used to evaluate the efficiency of an investment or to compare the efficiency of a number of different investments. In purely economic terms, it is one way of considering profits in relation to capital invested.

Rate of Return is a profit on an investment. It comprises any change in value and interest or dividends or other such cash flows which the investor receives from the investment. It may be measured either in absolute terms (e.g., dollars) or as a percentage of the amount invested. The latter is also called the holding period return.

Incentivize - Funding - Financial Aid

Risk / Reward Ratio marks the prospective reward an investor can earn, for every dollar he or she risks on an investment. Many investors use risk/reward ratios to compare the expected returns of an investment with the amount of risk they must undertake to earn these returns.

Reinvest is to put the profits on a previous investment back into the same place. Maintenance - Upgrades.

Research and Development refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products. Research and development constitutes the first stage of development of a potential new service or the production process.

Reinvestment is the practice of using dividends, interest, or any other form of income distribution earned in an investment to purchase additional shares or units, rather than receiving the distributions in cash.

Dividend Reinvestment Plan is an equity investment option offered directly from the underlying company. The investor does not receive quarterly dividends directly as cash; instead, the investor's dividends are directly reinvested in the underlying equity. (The investor must still pay tax annually on his or her dividend income, whether it is received or reinvested.)

Social Return on Investment is a principles-based method for measuring extra-financial value (such as environmental or social value not currently reflected or involved in conventional financial accounts). It can be used by any entity to evaluate impact on stakeholders, identify ways to improve performance, and enhance the performance of investments. There are seven principles of SROI. 1. Involve stakeholders (i.e. everyone who has a 'stake' or an interest in the subject of the SROI). Inform what gets measured and how this is measured and valued in an account of social value by involving stakeholders. 2. Understand what changes (for those stakeholders). Articulate how change is created and evaluate this through evidence gathered, recognizing positive and negative changes as well as those that are intended and unintended. 3. Value what matters (also known as the 'monetisation principle' – see below). Making decisions about allocating resources between different options needs to recognize the values of stakeholders. Value refers to the relative importance of different outcomes. It is informed by stakeholders' preferences. 4. Only include what is material. Determine what information and evidence must be included in the accounts to give a true and fair picture, such that stakeholders can draw reasonable conclusions about impact. 5. Do not over-claim. Only claim the value that activities are responsible for creating. 6. Be transparent. Demonstrate the basis on which the analysis may be considered accurate and honest, and show that it will be reported to and discussed with stakeholders. 7. Verify the result. Ensure appropriate independent assurance. Proponents of SROI argue that using monetary proxies (market prices or other monetary proxies) for social, economic and environmental value offers several practical benefits: it makes it easier to align and integrate performance management systems with financial management systems; it aids communication with internal stakeholders, especially those responsible for finances and resource allocation, and with those who prefer quantitative to qualitative ways of learning; it induces transparency since it precipitates the clarification of which values have been included and which have not been included; it permits sensitivity analysis to show which assumptions are more important in that the result is more affected by changes in some assumptions than others; it helps identify the critical sources of value and so streamlines performance management. Potential limitations: Benefits that cannot be monetised: There will be some benefits that are important to stakeholders but which cannot be monetised. An SROI analysis should not be restricted to one number, but seen as a framework for exploring an organisation’s social impact, in which monetisation plays an important but not an exclusive role. Focus on monetisation: One of the dangers of SROI is that people may focus on monetisation without following the rest of the process, which is crucial to proving and improving. Moreover, an organisation must be clear about its mission and values and understand how its activities change the world – not only what it does but also what difference it makes. This clarity informs stakeholder engagement. Therefore, if an organisation seeks to monetise its impact without having considered its mission and stakeholders, then it risks choosing inappropriate indicators; and as a result the SROI calculations can be of limited use or even misconstrued. Needs considerable capacity: SROI is time- and resource-intensive.[ It is most easily used when an organization is already measuring the direct and longer-term results of its work with people, groups, or the environment. Some outcomes not easily associated with monetary value: Some outcomes and impacts (for example, increased self-esteem, improved family relationships) cannot be easily associated with a monetary value. In order to incorporate these benefits into the SROI ratio proxies for these values would be required. SROI analysis is a developing area and as SROI evolves it is possible that methods of monetising more outcomes will become available and that there will be increasing numbers of people using the same proxies. Exaggerating the result: When participants expect SROI greater than 100% and when the observation coverage involves a huge project with numerous stakeholders, who genuinely believe the result was greater by minimizing the contributions of their partner.

Sustainable Return on Investment is a methodology for identifying and quantifying environmental, societal, and economic impacts of investment in projects and initiatives (e.g., factories, new product development, civil infrastructure, efficiency and recycling programs, etc.). The goal of S-ROI is to make risk-opportunity assessments more robust by providing new visibility into intangible internal costs and benefits, and externalities - social, economic, and environmental effects that are typically not considered in traditional cash-oriented project planning. Because it includes environmental impacts, S-ROI is distinct from the similarly named methodology of Social Return on Investment (SROI). Sustainability.

Socially Responsible Investing is any investment strategy which seeks to consider both financial return and social/environmental good to bring about social change regarded as positive by proponents. Socially responsible investments often constitute a small percentage of total funds invested by corporations and are riddled with obstacles. Socially responsible investing is also known as social investment, sustainable socially conscious, green investing or ethical investing.

Quality Investing is an investment strategy based on a set of clearly defined fundamental criteria that seeks to identify companies with outstanding quality characteristics. The quality assessment is made based on soft (e.g. management credibility) and hard criteria (e.g. balance sheet stability). Quality investing supports best overall rather than best-in-class approach.

Value Investing is an investment paradigm that involves buying securities that appear underpriced by some form of fundamental analysis. Insurance - Prevention.

Parental Investment is any parental expenditure (e.g. time, energy, resources) that benefits offspring. Parental investment may be performed by both males and females (biparental care), females alone (exclusive maternal care) or males alone (exclusive paternal care). Care can be provided at any stage of the offspring's life, from pre-natal (e.g. egg guarding and incubation in birds, and placental nourishment in mammals) to post-natal (e.g. food provisioning and protection of offspring).

Investor Profile defines an individual's preferences in investment decisions, for example, Short term trading (active management) or long term holding (buy and hold), Risk-averse or risk tolerant / seeker, All classes of assets or just one (stocks for example), Value stock, growth stocks, quality stocks, defensive or cyclical stocks, Big cap or small cap (Market capitalization) stocks, Use or not of derivatives, Home turf or international diversification, Hands on, or via investment funds.

Investment Fund is a way of investing money alongside other investors in order to benefit from the inherent advantages of working as part of a group such as reducing the risks of the investment by a significant percentage. These advantages include an ability to: hire professional investment managers, which may potentially be able to offer better returns and more adequate risk management; benefit from economies of scale, i.e., lower transaction costs; increase the asset diversification to reduce some unsystematic risk.

Investment Management refers to the handling of financial assets and other investments—not only buying and selling them. Management includes devising a short- or long-term strategy for acquiring and disposing of portfolio holdings. It can also include banking, budgeting, and tax services and duties, as well. Investment management is the professional asset management of various securities, including shareholdings, bonds, and other assets, such as real estate, in order to meet specified investment goals for the benefit of investors. Investors may be institutions, such as insurance companies, pension funds, corporations, charities, educational establishments, or private investors, either directly via investment contracts or, more commonly, via collective investment schemes like mutual funds, exchange-traded funds, or REITs.

The Future of Education and Training is about Investment, because people are the investment. Businesses invest, banks invest, people invest, so investing is nothing new. But now we need to invest in people, and invest in the communities where they live and work. We can't force students to pay for education when there is no guarantee that their education will be used effectively, or that their education will be used to benefit society. A college graduate should not be dependent on other people for jobs. College graduates should instead be independent and free to make their own decisions, decisions that are better then the ones being made now. That is how society improves, that is how society solves problems. We need to make improvements on how we train and educate our work force, because the current system is failing horribly, which is costing peoples lives, and degrading the health and stability of our planet.

"Our education system has some serious flaws, and these flaws are killing us, and also doing a lot of damage."

To say that students need a college degree is a lie and unfair. What students need is a job that will also give them time to earn a degree. On the Job Training is nothing new, just look at the military. And there's your other problem. If everyone is educated then who's going to fight the wars? Well if everyone is educated then there will be no need for wars. Do you see corporations going to war against other corporations? Do you see corporations killing each other on the battle field using deadly weapons, no, because corporations use lawyers, not bullets. And lawyers is another problem. Who the hell would train all these lawyers if they weren't going to be used effectively, or be used to benefit Society? A moron who's more interested in money then peoples future, that's who.



Jobs - Honest Work - Employment


Work is activity involving mental effort or physical effort done in order to achieve a purpose or a result. Make something, usually for a specific function. Exert oneself by doing mental or physical work for a purpose or out of necessity. Arrive at a certain condition through repeated motion. A task or tasks to be undertaken as a promise to accomplish a goal. Perform as expected when applied. Cause to operate or function. Activity directed toward making something or doing something. A place where work is done. The occupation for which you are paid. To be employed. Operate in a certain place, area, or specialty. A product produced or accomplished through the effort or activity or agency of a person or thing. Applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading). Accept as a challenge. Something that a person or thing has to do. The total output of a writer or artist. Have a desired or expected effect or outcome. Proceed towards a goal or along a path or through an activity. Have and exert influence or effect. Find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of. Enter upon an activity or enterprise. Enter into a contractual arrangement. Work in physics is a manifestation of energy; the transfer of energy from one physical system to another expressed as the product of a force and the distance through which it moves a body in the direction of that force. Volunteer Unpaid Labor.

Job is a person's occupation, work, or trade. The responsibility to do something. A state of difficulty that needs to be resolved. A specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee. Arranged for contracted work to be done by others. A workplace; as in the expression "on the job"; An object worked on; a result produced by working. The performance of a piece of work. Job in computing is a program application that may consist of several steps but is a single logical unit. Adventure Jobs.

Effort is earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something. The use of physical or mental energy. A series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end. A notable achievement. Hard Work.

Hustle is to get by trying hard. Cause to move furtively, energetically, busily and hurriedly. Pressure or urge someone into an a rapid active commotion. Hustle culture means constant working and devoting as much of your day as possible to working or hustling. There is no time out or time in at work. Work is done in the office, outside the office, at home, at coffee shops or anywhere. Productive.

Strive is to exert much effort or energy. Attempt by employing effort. Not the same as being a workaholic.

Man-Hour is the amount of work performed by the average worker in one hour. It is used for estimation of the total amount of uninterrupted labour required to perform a task. For example, researching and writing a college paper might require eighty man-hours, while preparing a family banquet from scratch might require ten man-hours. Man-hours exclude the breaks that people generally require from work, e.g. for rest, eating, and other bodily functions. They count only pure labour. Managers count the man-hours and add break time to estimate the amount of time a task will actually take to complete. Thus, while one college course's written paper might require twenty man-hours to carry out, it almost certainly will not get done in twenty consecutive hours. Its progress will be interrupted by work for other courses, meals, sleep, and other distractions. How much money is one man hour of labor worth? What is the value of a persons work?

Workforce or labour force is the labour pool either in employment or unemployed. It is generally used to describe those working for a single company or industry, but can also apply to a geographic region like a city, state, or country. Within a company, its value can be labelled as its "Workforce in Place". The workforce of a country includes both the employed and the unemployed (labour force). The term generally excludes the employers or management, and can imply those involved in manual labour. It may also mean all those who are available for work.

Workforce Development an American approach to economic development, attempts to enhance a region's economic stability and prosperity by focusing on people rather than businesses. It essentially develops a human-resources strategy. Work-force development has evolved from a problem-focused approach, addressing issues such as low-skilled workers or the need for more employees in a particular industry, to a holistic approach considering participants' many barriers and the overall needs of the region. Work-force development has historically occurred in two forms: place-based strategies that attempt to address the needs of people living in a particular neighborhood, and sector-based strategies that focus on matching workers' skills to needs in an industry already present in the region.

Contingent Work or casual work, or contract work, is an employment relationship with limited job security, payment on a piece work basis, typically part-time (typically with variable hours) that is considered non-permanent. Although there is less job security, freelancers often report incomes higher than their former traditional jobs. Contingent workers are also often called consultants, freelancers, independent contractors, independent professionals, temporary contract workers or temps. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the nontraditional workforce includes "multiple job holders, contingent and part-time workers, and people in alternative work arrangements". These workers currently represent a substantial portion of the US workforce, and "nearly four out of five employers, in establishments of all sizes and industries, use some form of nontraditional staffing". "People in alternative work arrangements" includes independent contractors, employees of contract companies, workers who are on call, and temporary workers.

Job Market or Labor Market is the market in which employers search for employees and employees search for jobs. The job market is not a physical place as much as a concept demonstrating the competition and interplay between different labor forces.

Labour Market Flexibility is the speed with which labour markets adapt to fluctuations and changes in society, the economy or production.

Work on Demand - Temporary Work Force: Head hunters will now be a good thing. They will be referred to as job placement assistants, which will be a government job. They will inform you of the jobs that are available and what skills are needed. And If you need skills or a degree, then they will connect you to a education and job training assistant. Who will provide you with the resources and facilities were you can receive free training and education to fulfill a job that is waiting for you. Education assistant will also be a government job. Workplace Safety - Workplace Wellness.

Underemployed is not having enough paid work or not doing work that makes full use of their skills and abilities.

Underemployment is the underuse of a worker because a job does not use the worker's skills, is part-time, or leaves the worker idle. Examples include holding a part-time job despite desiring full-time work, and over-qualification, in which the employee has education, experience, or skills beyond the requirements of the job. Brain Drain.

Involuntary Unemployment occurs when a person is willing to work at the prevailing wage yet is unemployed. Involuntary unemployment is distinguished from voluntary unemployment, where workers choose not to work because their reservation wage is higher than the prevailing wage. In an economy with involuntary unemployment there is a surplus of labor at the current real wage. This occurs when there is some force that prevents the real wage rate from decreasing to the real wage rate that would equilibrate supply and demand (such as a minimum wage above the market-clearing wage). Structural unemployment is also involuntary.

Over-Qualification is the state of being skilled or educated beyond what is necessary for a job. There can often be high costs for companies associated with training employees. This could be a problem for professionals applying for a job where they significantly exceed the job requirements because potential employers may feel they are using the position as a stepping stone.

Niche is a position particularly well suited to the person who occupies it. It generally means that one finds a place where one fits in and feels comfortable with the situation. Niche in ecology is the status of an organism within its environment and community affecting its survival as a species. Niche can also mean a small concavity or an enclosure that is set back or indented.

Side Hustle is a side business or work that someone performs in addition to their full time job.

Part Time Work - Temps - Temporary Worker - Remote Worker

Entry-Level Job is a job that is normally designed or designated for recent graduates of a given discipline and typically does not require prior experience in the field or profession. Entry-level jobs targeted at college graduates often offer a higher salary than those targeted at high school graduates. These positions are more likely to require specific skills, knowledge, or experience. Most entry-level jobs offered to college graduates are full-time permanent positions and some offer more extensive graduate training programs. While entry-level jobs traditionally required no experience, the Great Recession produced a surplus of college graduates on the job market and eliminated many entry level positions.

Work-Life Policy is any program that increases an organization's ability to integrate the needs of work and personal life (e.g. self-care, health care, child care, elder care, domestic partner care, education and study, personal life interests). Work Life Balance.

Work at Home Parent is an entrepreneur who works from home and integrates parenting into his or her business activities. They are sometimes referred to as a WAHM (work at home mom) or a WAHD (work at home dad). Entrepreneurs choose to run businesses from home for a variety of reasons, including lower business expenses, personal health limitations, eliminating commuting, or in order to have a more flexible schedule. This flexibility can give an entrepreneur more options when planning tasks, business and non-business, including parenting duties. While some home-based entrepreneurs opt for childcare outside the home, others integrate child rearing into their work day and workspace. The latter are considered work-at-home parents. Many WAHPs start home-based businesses in order to care for their children while still creating income. The desire to care for one's own children, the incompatibility of a 9-to-5 work day with school hours or sick days, and the expense of childcare prompt many parents to change or leave their jobs in the workforce to be available to their children. Many WAHPs build a business schedule that can be integrated with their parenting duties.

Lay Worker in healthcare is defined as a health worker who performs functions related to health care delivery and is trained in some way in the context of an intervention, but who has not received a formal professional or paraprofessional certificate or tertiary education degree. Other terms for lay health workers include community health workers and village health workers. Trained traditional birth attendants are also regarded as lay health workers. A lay worker can also be a person who works in a religious organization but is not a member of the formal clergy.

Informal Economy is the part of any economy that is neither taxed nor monitored by any form of government. Although the informal sector makes up a significant portion of the economies in developing countries, it is sometimes stigmatized as troublesome and unmanageable. However, the informal sector provides critical economic opportunities for the poor and has been expanding rapidly since the 1960s. Integrating the informal economy into the formal sector is an important policy challenge. Unlike the formal economy, activities of the informal economy are not included in a country's gross national product (GNP) or gross domestic product (GDP). The informal sector can be described as a grey market in labour. Other concepts that can be characterized as informal sector can include the black market (shadow economy, underground economy), agorism, and System D. Associated idioms include "under the table", "off the books", and "working for cash".

Supplemental Income for Low Paying Jobs, a Guaranteed Minimum Income for people in between jobs, a living wage for everyone who's working, and make living affordable, so that no one falls between the cracks or is left behind.

Precarious Work is non-standard employment that is poorly paid, insecure, unprotected, and cannot support a household. In recent decades there has been a dramatic increase in precarious work due to such factors as globalization, the shift from the manufacturing sector to the service sector, and the spread of information technology. These changes have created a new economy which demands flexibility in the workplace and, as a result, caused the decline of the standard employment relationship and a dramatic increase in Contingent Work and Zero-Hour Contracts. An important aspect of precarious work is its gendered nature, as women are continuously over-represented in this type of work.

Living Wage - Basic Income

Informal Work refers to work in which an employer hires an employee without an established working agreement. With informal work, employees don't receive health benefits and are often hired temporarily.

Abstract Labour and Concrete Labour (wiki)

Architecture that's Built to Heal: Michael Murphy (video and interactive text)

Worker Cooperatives (companies owned by employees) - Benefit Corporations.

Labour is an activity which creates and maintains economic Value, and should also save on human energy and effort, because the less time the society requires to produce wheat, cattle etc., the more time it wins for other production, material or mental. Society likewise has to distribute its time in a purposeful way, in order to achieve a production adequate to its overall needs; just as the individual has to distribute his time correctly in order to achieve knowledge in proper proportions or in order to satisfy the various demands on his activity. Employment Skills and Requirements.

Manual Labour is physical work done by humans, in contrast to labour by machines and working animals. It is most literally work done with the hands (the word "manual" comes from the Latin word for hand) and, by figurative extension, it is work done with any of the muscles and bones of the body. For most of human prehistory and history, manual labour and its close cousin, animal labour, have been the primary ways that physical work has been accomplished. Mechanisation and Automation, which reduce the need for human and animal labour in production, have existed for centuries, but it was only starting in the 18th and 19th centuries that they began to significantly expand and to change human culture. To be implemented, they require that sufficient technology exist and that its capital costs be justified by the amount of future wages that they will obviate. Semi-automation is an alternative to worker displacement that combines human labour, automation, and computerization to leverage the advantages of both man and machine. Although nearly any work can potentially have skill and intelligence applied to it, many jobs that mostly comprise manual labour—such as fruit and vegetable picking, manual materials handling (for example, shelf stocking), manual digging, or manual assembly of parts—often may be done successfully (if not masterfully) by unskilled or semiskilled workers. Thus there is a partial but significant correlation between manual labour and unskilled or semiskilled workers. Based on economic and social conflict of interest, people may often distort that partial correlation into an exaggeration that equates manual labour with lack of skill; with lack of any potential to apply skill (to a task) or to develop skill (in a worker); and with low social class. Throughout human existence the latter has involved a spectrum of variants, from slavery (with stigmatisation of the slaves as "subhuman"), to caste or caste-like systems, to subtler forms of inequality. Economic competition often results in businesses trying to buy labour at the lowest possible cost (for example, through offshoring or by employing foreign workers) or to obviate it entirely (through mechanisation and automation).

Roll Up your Sleeves means to prepare yourself for a fight or for hard work. The expression came from turning or folding one's long sleeves upward to avoid getting them wet or dirty when working. Rolling up your long sleeves can also keep your sleeves out of the way when working. When it's very hot, rolling up the sleeves will let more air flow directly over more of your skin, thus cooling you down a little.

Working Time is the period of time that a person spends at paid labor. Unpaid labor such as personal housework or caring for children or pets is not considered part of the working week, for some strange reason?

Workplace is a location where someone works for his or her employer, a place of employment. Such a place can range from a home office to a large office building or factory. Toxic Workplace.


Right to Work - Job Guarantee


Job Guarantee is an economic policy proposal aimed at providing a sustainable solution to the dual problems of inflation and unemployment. Its aim is to create full employment and price stability, by having the state promise to hire unemployed workers as an employer of last resort (ELR). Jobs that make a Difference.

Right to Work is the concept that people have a human right to work, or engage in productive employment, and may not be prevented from doing so. The right to work is enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and recognized in international human rights law through its inclusion in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, where the right to work emphasizes economic, social and cultural development.

Labor Rights are both legal rights and human rights relating to labor relations between workers and employers. These rights are codified in national and international labor and employment law. In general, these rights influence working conditions in relations of employment. One of the most prominent is the right to freedom of association, otherwise known as the right to organize. Workers organized in trade unions exercise the right to collective bargaining to improve working conditions.

Dignity of Labour is the philosophy that all types of jobs are respected equally, and no occupation is considered superior and none of the jobs should be discriminated on any basis. Regardless of whether one's occupation involves physical work or mental labour, it is held that the job deserves respect. Social reformers such as Basava and his contemporary Sharanas, as well as Mahatma Gandhi, were prominent advocates of the dignity of labour. End of Monopolies and Abuse - Wealth Divide.

Equal Pay for Equal Work is the concept of labour rights that individuals in the same workplace be given equal pay. It is most commonly used in the context of sexual discrimination, in relation to the gender pay gap. Equal pay relates to the full range of payments and benefits, including basic pay, non-salary payments, bonuses and allowances. Some countries have moved faster than others in addressing equal pay. Living Wage - Basic Income.

Exploitation of Labor refers to social relations where an "actor or character of actors uses others for their own end because of a fundamentally asymmetric power relationship between them". When speaking about exploitation there is a direct affiliation with consumption in social theory. Traditionally, this would label exploitation as unfairly taking advantage of another person because of his or her inferior position, giving the exploiter the power.

Unions - Films about Labor Movements - Worker Cooperatives (employee owned companies) - Benefit Corporations

Involuntary Servitude is a person laboring against that person's will to benefit another, under some form of coercion other than the worker's financial needs. Jobs should benefit everyone and make positive improvements everywhere.

Dead-End Job is a job where there is little or no chance of career development and advancement into a higher paid position. If an individual requires further education to progress within their firm that is difficult to obtain for any reason, this can result in the occupation being classified as a dead-end position. You know when you are in a dead end job when the work is lacking passion or when you feel no challenge in the daily activities of your job, which compromises job performance and efficiency due to a lack of motivation. If the business you work for does more harm than good or has very little value to society, that can be a dead end job. If you feel you are being hampered by the presence of a glass ceiling that prohibits advancement in a firm, that can be a dead end job. Other signs of a dead end job may be not being able to visualize any opportunities for growth in a current position. The responsibilities of the position have not changed within the last three years. One is not actively chosen for high-profile projects, committees, and is passed over for a promotion or has experienced a demotion in your title. The strategic direction of the company has changed and, in turn, one's function within the firm has been minimized or phased out. The relationships with management and fellow co-workers are continuously deteriorating, regardless of attempts to rectify the scarred relationships. There is much turnover in one's position. Complaints of job dissatisfaction within the firm fall on deaf ears. There is risk of one's occupation being made obsolete by automation. I don't want no dead end job, I don't wanna be no number.

Decent Work is employment that "respects the fundamental rights of the human person as well as the rights of workers in terms of conditions of work safety and remuneration. respect for the physical and mental integrity of the worker in the exercise of his/her employment." Decent work is applied to both the formal and informal sector. It must address all kind of jobs, people and families. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), decent work involves opportunities for work that are productive and deliver a fair income, security in the workplace and social protection for families, better prospects for personal development and social integration, freedom for people to express their concerns, organize and participate in the decisions that affect their lives and equality of opportunity and treatment for all women and men. The ILO is developing an agenda for the community of work, represented by its tripartite constituents, to mobilize their considerable resources to create those opportunities and to help reduce and eradicate poverty The ILO Decent Work Agenda is the balanced and integrated programmatic approach to pursue the objectives of full and productive employment and decent work for all at global, regional, national, sectoral and local levels. It has four pillars: standards and rights at work, employment creation and enterprise development, social protection and social dialogue.

Economic Interventionism is an economic policy perspective favoring government intervention in the market process to correct the market failures and promote the general welfare of the people.

Interstate Commerce Commission original purpose was to regulate railroads (and later trucking) to ensure fair rates, to eliminate rate discrimination, and to regulate other aspects of common carriers, including interstate bus lines and telephone companies. Congress expanded ICC authority to regulate other modes of commerce beginning in 1906. The agency was abolished in 1995, and its remaining functions were transferred to the Surface Transportation Board.

Socially Necessary Labour Time in Marx's critique of political economy is what regulates the exchange value of commodities in trade and consequently constrains producers in their attempt to economise on labour. It does not 'guide' them, as it can only be determined after the event and is thus inaccessible to forward planning.

Political Economy is a term used for studying production and trade, and their relations with law, custom, and government, as well as with the distribution of national income and wealth.

ROWE Results Only Work Environment is a human resource management strategy wherein employees are paid for results (output) rather than the number of hours worked.

Industry 4.0 - The Fourth Industrial Revolution, without the same mistakes.

Employment Rates are Deceptive

Cost of Production determines supply; Supply determines final degree of Utility; Final degree of utility determines Value.

Proletariat is class of wage-earners, especially industrial workers, that have the possession of significant material value in their Labor-Power and their ability to work and produce goods

Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWDs)

Workfare is an alternative, and controversial, way of giving money to otherwise unemployed or underemployed people, who are applying for social benefits.

Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training Program was a welfare-to-work program created by the Family Support Act of 1988 to replace the Work Incentive program (WIN) created by the Social Security Act Amendments of 1967. The Family Support Act put the program under titles IV-A and IV-F of the Social Security Act, and the regulations were codified at 45 C.F.R. 250.

Welfare-to-Work A social program designed to wean those receiving government benefits back into employment.

Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents refers to low income working adults in the United States who do not have dependents.

Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act instituted Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), which became effective July 1, 1997. TANF replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program—which had been in effect since 1935—and supplanted the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training program (JOBS) of 1988.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families is one of the United States of America's federal assistance programs. It began on July 1, 1997, and succeeded the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program, providing cash assistance to indigent American families through the United States Department of Health and Human Services. This cash benefit is often referred to simply as welfare.

Aid to Families with Dependent Children was a federal assistance program in effect from 1935 to 1996 created by the Social Security Act (SSA) and administered by the United States Department of Health and Human Services that provided financial assistance to children whose families had low or no income.

Administration of Federal Assistance is defined as any federal program, project, service, or activity provided by the federal government that directly assists domestic governments, organizations, or individuals in the areas of education, health, public safety, public welfare, and public works, among others. The assistance, which can reach to over $400 billion annually, is provided and administered by federal government agencies, such as the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, through special programs to recipients.


Ideas to Improve the Job Market


We don't have a lack of Jobs, we only have a lack of intelligence. Intelligent people are the only ones who can accurately understand that there is actually enough work for every person on this planet to have a job. Ignorant people just lack the vision that's needed to see all the work that needs to be done. And they also lack the skills needed to budget tax payer money that would fund this type of infrastructure that contains an entire countries underutilized human capital. Employment Rate Lies.

Government is the countries biggest Employer - Public Service - Your Passion

People Need to Work, but everyone is born with a job. And that job is to learn. Learn to live sustainable, Learn to live responsibly, Learn to live respectfully and Learn to live peacefully. Then we can have other important jobs to do as well.

"To get get back on your feet or to get your life on track, can only be done by learning how."

Jobs Needed: Increase Oversight. Track Spending. Stop Corruption. Stop Government Waste. Stop Pollution. Clean up Polluted Areas. Clean the Water. (Over one billion people don't have access to clean water). Clean the Air. Clean the Food. (Over two billion people don't have access to healthy food). Build affordable homes. Improve Education. Provide more Training and Education. Monitor Environmental Changes. Build Vertical Indoor Farms. Create More Health Services. Build more Renewable Energy Sources. Build Sustainable Developments. Improve News Outlets so they Inform and Educate Citizens instead of Misleading Citizens. This is not big government, this is just babysitting people in power until we can replace them with more intelligent people who don't believe they're above the law. These jobs would pay for themselves with the millions of dollars saved by reducing government waste and fraud, healthcare waste and fraud, food waste and fraud, education waste and fraud and so on and so on. Every person on the planet will have a job, if not, then someone is not doing their job. "The fruit of your labor is the most valuable commodity on the planet, and you cannot own the fruits of any mans labor". Meaningful Work.

First: Find out what kind of jobs are needed that would provide continuous improvements to our country and to our local communities. Jobs that make a Difference.

Second: Find out what would be the best education and training needed to perform these requirements effectively and efficiently. Teaching Adults.

Third: Provide people with the necessary tools, resources and support to learn new skills and to perform these jobs with ease and precision. Machines.

Forth: Make Living Affordable - Big 5.

Fifth: Make our causes and effects in life easy to measure so that everyone can understand the choices and options that we have. This way our decisions will become more accurate and more sustainable, thus everyone can enjoy life and continue to live, learn, love and progress.

Short Term Work along with Long Term Thinking. That includes learning new skills and adapting to changes that the world experiences. If we all work together, everyone will have a part time job with fulltime pay and full health benefits. It's a sweet deal, but we have to work hard to make it happen. Then we can relax and everyone can live like kings and queens, except this time without the power trip or horrible side effects. 

We will never run out of jobs because we will never run out of having responsibilities, or run out of problems to solve. Even though we will have less problems to solve in the future, we will always have some type of work to do. That's because we want the most out of life, we want to experience and explore as my as we can, and that of course will take work, which means jobs. And that's not a bad trade off when you consider all the benefits. Lots of work to do work offline, and not just online.

When someone asks you "what do you do for work?" You should have answers like these...I'm in training to be this and I'm studying courses for a degree or license to do this type of work, which either provides a needed service, maintains a vital system, manages a vital system, or produces a needed product. You could also say that you're just taking a break and in between things and exploring ideas and possible directions that you may take in the near future. You will not say "nothing" or "I don't know", or I don't feel like doing anything.

Get Paid as you Train for a New Job - Get Paid to Learn.

Earned Income Tax Credit is a refundable tax credit for low- to moderate-income working individuals and couples, particularly those with children.

Retirement is the withdrawal from one's position or occupation or from one's active working life. A person may also semi-retire by reducing work hours. Retirement Benefits.

Where do you want your money to go? What type of work should you be doing? Do you want your money and your work to go towards death and decay or towards life and progress. Everything that you buy and everything that you do, is either a vote for death and decay or a vote for life and progress. This is why it is so extremely important that choices and options are made available to everyone. But at the moment, most people are unaware of other choices and options. This failure to inform people is not just ignorant and negligent, it's a crime against humanity. No one in their right mind would choose death and decay over life and progress. But when people are oblivious to these facts, then people have no way of understanding the effects and impacts that they have on other people or the planet. Ignorance is not bliss. Ignorance is a disease, and the cure for ignorance is done by Improving Education and The Media. We can no longer except substandard management of our communication vehicles. This abuse is literally killing millions of humans and destroying the planet. We need to wakeup to our reality and take our responsibilities seriously. If everyone starts learning now, we can solve most every problem we have in 10 years. And the problems we have not yet solved in 10 years, will eventually be solved, because more and more intelligent people will be working on solving these problems. And this will happen all because we improved education and made a high quality education available to everyone. When we work together, this will improve life on earth by 1000 percent. Humans will only need to work a few hours a week in order to have the necessities, thus leaving more time to learn and explore and live life to the fullest. That is the future. No wars, no corruption, no crimes, no abuse, no waste and no more ignorance. This is not a utopia, this is just a well managed state of existence. Fully aware, fully adaptable, and fully at ease. Intelligence.

Demand-Driven System based on Reality - Demand Driven Funding System.

"Be useful, make yourself needed, find worth while things to occupy your time, the world is full of jobs that can only be done only by people who have nothing to give but time." - My Favorite Martian (season one episode 24, Super Duper Snooper).

"Humans are not just born to die. Humans are born to live. And humans are also born to protect life. So when our extinction is imminent, as it is now, humans will work together like never before. That means that every human will have a job. And zero unemployment will be just one of many expressions that represents our intelligence, as it should have been, and now will always be."

Get a Job - Earn your Way. Jobs should not include providing illogical services for ignorant wealthy people that only encourages people to live a selfish, wasteful and destructive life styles, especially when those jobs keep people in impoverished conditions. People whose lifestyle murders and destroys the environment should not be supported. Money is not a reason to be an as*hole, but here we are. People who say "get a job" or "earn your way" are extremely ignorant. People must learn to specify the jobs they're talking about, and also explain the whole picture that defines our situation. So Put Up or Shut Up! People need to stop thinking that they are privileged and entitled just because they have money. Start specifying and stop generalizing.

To say that Americans don't want to work is a lie. Especially knowing that most employers receive thousands of job applications for only one job.

American Corporations send jobs and money to other countries. American companies also exploit cheap foreign labor who come to America looking for better opportunities. Foreign Workers

Nine U.S. chains have filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Store closures are accelerating, and almost 90,000 retail workers have lost their jobs since October 2016.

When creating jobs we want to avoid making things worse by repeating some of the same mistakes, like making Busy Work or Make-Work Job, which is not the far removed from Penal Labor, Convict Lease, Rent-Seeking, Welfare Trap and Boondoggle.

Desk-based jobs may offer protection against poor cognition in later life. People who work in jobs that require less physical activity -- typically office and desk-based jobs -- are at a lower risk of subsequent poor cognition than those whose work is more physically active. Individuals with no qualifications were more likely to have physically active jobs, but less likely to be physically active outside of work. A physically inactive job (typically a desk-job), is associated with lower risk of poor cognition, irrespective of the level of education. Those who remained in this type of work throughout the study period were the most likely to be in the top 10% of performers. Those in manual work had almost three times increased risk of poor cognition than those with an inactive job.

Adhesion Contract - Contract of Adhesion (business with stronger bargaining power)

Creating Manufacturing Jobs is just one step out of a hundred steps that we need to take. We need to make a list of products that every human needs to live. Then Americans will make these products, products that are durable, recyclable, and easily reparable. China will make their your own products, and Americans will make their own products, and other Countries will make their own products. Countries will only trade what they lack, and they will not trade what corporations and governments exploit. Then one of the most things that we will be trading with the world is ideas.

Professions - Job Search Websites

Almost everything that people have in this world comes from low wage labor. Almost every man made object that people have is the result of low wage labor. Most of the productive jobs and most of the important work is done by low wage labor. Like your garbage man, your food harvesters, your food store workers, your cleaners, and most all your appliances comes from low wage workers. Small Businesses creates most of the jobs that employs a large percentage of the workforce. Large businesses only employ about 38 percent of the private sector workforce while small businesses employ 53 percent of the workforce. In fact, over 99 percent of employing organizations are small businesses and more than 95 percent of these businesses have fewer than 10 employees. About 60 million Americans worked for small businesses in 2006. This is about 51 percent of the private, nonfarm U.S. workforce.



Working for a Purpose - Jobs that Make a Difference - Dream Job


Do-Good Meaningful Work - Smart Work - Wise Work - Intelligent Work - Creative Work - Life's Work - Good Work - Gods Work.

Work for Purpose Worthwhile is doing something of value or importance that is worth the time, money, or effort that you spend. Something that is sufficiently valuable to justify the investment of time or interest.

Worth Your While means that something is important enough to justify the amount of time or work that one must do to achieve it. Make it worth your while means that you will compensate someone for their time or efforts.

Heart Warming is experiencing something that is emotionally rewarding, uplifting, gratifying and satisfying.

Uplifting is to improve socially, culturally, morally. To lift up, raise or elevate.

Meaningful Work or jobs that make a difference. Being a mother or a father. People who teach others how to read and write. People who teach others how to eat healthy. People who teach others how to exercise regularly. People who teach others how to grow food or be organic farmers. People who teach others how build sustainable buildings and be energy independent. Volunteers who help people in need. Activists who protest to make people aware of human rights violations. Activists who protect the environment. Teachers of Basic Knowledge 101. Care Givers or Emergency Response Workers or Journalists, just to name a few. Essential Workers.

To do something that you're passionate about doing, you first have to find your passion, which can be an adventure all on its own. You have to be looking for something special and always be exploring ideas, but even then, your passion may not be so obvious to you when you find it. Finding your calling is a journey and a process of discovery. There's no procedure and there's no time limit. Sometimes the only thing that is necessary is having an opportunity and the resources needed to chase your dream. And other times, pure luck is all you need. Sometimes it's a chance meeting, or a new friendship, or something that you read. But what ever happens, you have to remember that just because you're passionate about something, this doesn't mean that you will be good at what you do. Passion is just the first step. Being a professional can take a while. And just because you're passionate about what you're doing, this does not mean that other people will be as enthusiastic as you are, or even understand the work that you're doing. So some people might not know where you're coming from. So do your research and be ready to explain yourself. Passion is not without risk. No one says that you have to be perfect, or that you will not make mistakes. So remember, passion needs a lot of work, and good work needs a lot of passion. But what happens when your passion turns into a nightmare? It means that your search continues.

Follow your Heart's Desire is to pursue your dreams and do the things that you would like to do because you know they have value.

There's always work that needs to be done that is very important and necessary and also accomplishes something good. But too many times this important work receives very little recognition and not enough funding. Everyone should have access to productive work instead of destructive work. We need to incentivize good deeds instead of rewarding bad deeds.

Job interest not a big predictor of job satisfaction. Interest more important for job performance and career choice.

In order to stop everyone from doing things just for money, which is the major reason why we are inflicting so much damage to our earth and to ourselves, is to create jobs that matter and to create jobs that make a difference. If this were to be done then every caring and able person wanting to work would always have a job. There would be no unemployment because there is just too much work that needs to be done. So why are we allowing money to disrupt what is needed and good, and why is money keeping people from doing what is right? Measuring Value - Mission in Life.

When Working or Just Looking for a job there are three things that will happen... I'm not sure who I am, so I'm not sure what I want to do. This is just what I do, this is not who I am. This is who I am, so this is what I do. What is Success? What is Service?

"First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do." (Epictetus)

Condition is something which rests the validity or effect of something else. Information that should be kept in mind when making a decision. The procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition. 

Exception Handling is the process of responding to the occurrence, during computation, of exceptions – anomalous or exceptional conditions requiring special processing – often changing the normal flow of program execution. It is provided by specialized programming language constructs or computer hardware mechanisms.

Requirement is necessary for relief or supply. Require as useful, just, or proper. Consider obligatory; request and expect. Something that is required in advance. Requirement is a singular documented physical and functional need that a particular design, product or process must be able to perform. It is most commonly used in a formal sense in systems engineering, software engineering, or enterprise engineering. It is a statement that identifies a necessary attribute, capability, characteristic, or quality of a system for it to have value and utility to a customer, organization, internal user, or other stakeholder. A requirement specification (often imprecisely referred to as the spec, because there are different sorts of specifications) refers to an explicit set of requirements to be satisfied by a material, design, product, or service. Requirements show what elements and functions are necessary for the particular project.

Need is something required and useful, just, or proper. Anything that is necessary but lacking. The psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior. Need (utility).

Necessary is absolutely essential. Anything indispensable. Unavoidably determined by prior circumstances.

Essential is absolutely necessary; vitally necessary. Basic and fundamental. Of the greatest importance. Defining rights and duties as opposed to giving the rules by which rights and duties are established. Essential in biology is part of an organism is something that the organism cannot continue to be alive or reproduce without. Essential amino acid, one that the organism cannot produce by itself. Essential Knowledge.

Essentialism is the view that every entity has a set of attributes that are necessary to its identity and function.

Vital is something urgently needed and is absolutely necessary. Something performing an essential function in the living body.

Vitalism is the belief that "living organisms are fundamentally different from non-living entities because they contain some non-physical element or are governed by different principles than are inanimate things".

Important
is of great significance or value. Of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis. Important in effect or meaning. 

Relevance (connected) - More Words that Explain Intelligent Actions

Remember you can still do something that you are good at while at the same time pursue things that you are passionate about doing, and as long as both actions serve a Positive Purpose and a Need, you will always have good intentions.

Encore Careers - Live your Legend  - Find & Do Work You Love - Do Something Valuable

David Graeber on the Value of Work and bullsh*t jobs (youtube)

Let the problems in the world dictate what you should do, rather than forcing a preconceived checklist labeled “success,” to be your motivation. Do something that genuinely helps others and makes the world a better place in a major way. That’s the way to have a happy and fulfilled life.

Everyone should have a map of the area where they live showing the type of work needed to manage and maintain that area in harmony with nature. An example would be an area of 10 square miles that would need 2 water managers, 4 farmers, 2 waste managers, 3 educators, 2 carpenters, 2 engineers, 2 scientists to measure and monitor, and so on and so on. And the map would also show the sounding areas and list the current job positions available in that area. And list the training, school courses or experience needed, and where to go.

"Good jobs are hard to find and sometimes you have to take jobs that are not sustainable or jobs that are proven not to be important for your community or your planet. But it's not so much what you do for a living, but more importantly, it's what you do with your life."

"Get a Job is an ignorant statement. You should find work that makes a difference, or create jobs that make a difference, don't just get a job." Create.

"Don't attach yourself to a person, a place, a company, an organization or a project. Attach yourself to a mission, a calling and a purpose."

The ECO Guide to Careers that Make a Difference: Environmental Work For A Sustainable World (The Environmental Careers Organization) (amazon)

Social Ventures Group - 80,000 Hours

I’m just doing my job” or It's not my Job" are not acceptable answers anymore. You have to be able to explain your actions and give reasons in details.

The Five W's and an H

If want the perfect Job sometimes you have to create it yourself. Every person has a unique quality and every person has something special to give. So when you find a service or product that the public needs, something that people will benefit from, the value of that service will be very rewarding, because you're now doing something that makes people happy. And you're not just doing the job for the money, you're doing it because it truly benefits people, that's the perfect job. And it doesn't stop there either, because now you can make your service even better by making improvements and making it even more special, and thus make people even happier. That's the perfect job, a job you can improve on. 

Business Knowledge

When I here people say "if I didn't have a job I would work at a fast food restaurant." That is completely ignorant. Fast Food Restaurants are not a beneficial to society, they cause more damage with their low quality food then they alleviate. So yes you will have a small paycheck, but the price of that paycheck is peoples poor health and well being, as well as environmental damage.

"If you don't count the things that matter, then knowing how to count won't matter." Math.

We can no longer afford to be selfish in our choices, we have to do what is right for everyone.

Indentured Servants - Living Wage

Fast food workers should not be fighting for higher wages, they should be fighting for better jobs that actually benefit society. So instead of waiting for greedy ignorant people to create jobs that only degrade society, you should educate yourself so that you can create the jobs yourself, jobs that make a difference, jobs that actually benefit society. Don't expect other people to solve the problems in our world, sometimes you have to solve these problems yourself, or solve them with the help from other like minded people. No problem is ever to big to solve. You just have to start. So let the questions begin.

Management Methodology and Good Business Practices

International Labour Organization, 21 million Victimized, a lot more then that.

We see jobs disappearing, but we never clearly know why? But it's not knowing why jobs are disappearing that's important, it's knowing what jobs do we actually need in this 21st century? And you certainly don't want to create jobs that are counter productive and unsustainable, because that will only make things worse. Avoiding and minimizing counter productive actions and maximizing productive and sustainable actions is not only logical, but it is the only way to ensure positive progress. If there is a better way, then do it. That is what the earth has been telling us for thousands of years by way of Cause and Effect.

There could always a better choice. So ask yourself..Are your actions inline with the current needs of the world? Are your actions Prioritized? Are your actions avoiding being manipulated by Money?

So you ask "what am I going to do for work?" The answer is, "Something Productive, of course."

Problem Solving

Sometimes there's a difference between having a Job and actually doing something of value with your life.

"A Life without Cause is a Life without Effect" Inspiration Quotes - Life Quotes.

Would you rather have, less work to do, or more work that you actually enjoy doing?

If precarious work does not provide a positive benefit to your community, then you're wasting time.

When is it time to stop calculating risk and rewards, and just go ahead and do what you know is right? " The Purpose of Life is a Life of Purpose".

No one is saying that you don't have the right to make a living, we are just saying that you shouldn't make a living at everyone's else's expense or at the expense of the environment. There's a big difference between making a living and making a mess.

80% of people don't like the job they are in and don't like the work they do. - Shift Index

Schools need to be in tune with the needs of the community. Businesses and Schools need to be combined and work together to give people on the job training. You can do this in almost every job sector that we have. What knowledge and skills does someone need in order to do this particular job effectively? You can train anyone on the job, and give them an hour or two a day to learn the necessary knowledge and information that would help them to learn more about the work so they can become more valuable and become more productive.

Motivation - Inspiration - Activism

Education Options - Career Choices Information

The only time you can say that you're working is when your work matters. If you're doing something that doesn't matter, or has no benefits to society or to the world, then you can't say that you're working. You can only say that you're wasting time, people and resources doing something that doesn't matter.

“Productiveness is your acceptance of morality, your recognition of the fact that you choose to live--that productive work is the process by which man's consciousness controls his existence, a constant process of acquiring knowledge and shaping matter to fit one's purpose, of translating an idea into physical form, of remaking the earth in the image of one's values--that all work is creative work if done by a thinking mind, and no work is creative if done by a blank who repeats in uncritical stupor a routine he has learned from others--that your work is yours to choose, and the choice is as wide as your mind, that nothing more is possible to you and nothing less is human--that to cheat your way into a job bigger than your mind can handle is to become a fear-corroded ape on borrowed motions and borrowed time, and to settle down into a job that requires less than your mind's full capacity is to cut your motor and sentence yourself to another kind of motion: decay--that your work is the process of achieving your values, and to lose your ambition for values is to lose your ambition to live--that your body is a machine, but your mind is its driver, and you must drive as far as your mind will take you, with achievement as the goal of your road--that the man who has no purpose is a machine that coasts downhill at the mercy of any boulder to crash in the first chance ditch, that the man who stifles his mind is a stalled machine slowly going to rust, that the man who lets a leader prescribe his course is a wreck being towed to the scrap heap, and the man who makes another man his goal is a hitchhiker no driver should ever pick up--that your work is the purpose of your life, and you must speed past any killer who assumes the right to stop you, that any value you might find outside your work, any other loyalty or love, can be only travelers you choose to share your journey and must be travelers going on their own power in the same direction.” (Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged)

“...your work is yours to choose, and the choice is as wide as your mind, that nothing more is possible to you and nothing less is human...”  John Galt - Atlas Shrugged (Part 3, Chapter 7, Page 1,020).

Working Hard or Hardly Working? Working hard does not say that you're doing more work or that your work actually matters. Working smarter not harder also does not say how valuable your work is or if it's saving time. Working smarter and being great at what you do is something that you can calculate and prove to be the most effective and most efficient actions that you can possibly take at this time, which is based on your current level of knowledge. So lets see your numbers...and let's see the comparisons to similar processes.

We can create jobs for everyone on the planet, but some of the jobs that we currently have now will be no longer needed. So some people will have to change jobs and do something else for employment and income. But we have to create the jobs first and then give people the necessary training and education that these new jobs will require. Some of the training will be on the job training, so people can start working as soon as they qualify. We have to remember that people will have to change jobs, but people will not have to worry about not working because we have so much work to do, so there will be more jobs then we will have people to fill them. People just need to understand that a lot of jobs that are being done now will be discontinued because they are not beneficial to society or beneficial to the environment. But there will be millions of new jobs that will be created. So people will need to be assisted in getting these new jobs and if people need training then people will also need free access to the necessary training and education that these new jobs will require. Millions of people during WW2 took on thousands of new jobs that were needed to fight a war, well this is a different type of war, it's a battle for our survival, it's a battle for equality and liberty for every man, women and child on the planet. The incentive is always there.

"When kids finish school and they can't find a job, that's because education has failed them. Education should prepare kids for the reality that jobs are created by them, so don't wait for a job, go and create a job, jobs come from people like you."

Meaningful Work - Jobs that Make a Difference.

Too many people and not enough Jobs is a false statement, even though the statement has truth in it, it does not accurately explain the situation that we are facing. We have enough work to do, it's just that we don't have enough knowledgeable people who know how to create the jobs that are needed that would fulfill our responsibilities in life. And you can't say that we have too many people when we don't even know what work needs to be done. In reality, we should always have enough people, as long as we have enough knowledgeable people who can organize people accurately and effectively. So the only thing this world we are short of is brain power, people who know what to do. You create jobs out of necessity and what is needed by society. So education needs to improve so that students understand these needs and understand the actions that we need to take. People need food, and we already have good systems for delivering food anywhere on the planet. But thousands starve to death everyday. Why? And we are not producing enough nutritious and healthy food food, so people die everyday from avoidable diseases. Why? We have wasted time designing processes that makes poison taste good. Even though we have good education systems, these institutions fail to Educate people enough so that they can avoid being exploited and fooled into making weapons, or inferior products, which are still weapons. So there is an obvious flaw in our education system that needs to be corrected. Higher Education.

People need Clean Nutritious Food. People need Clean Water. People need Shelter. People need Medical Services. People need Energy. People need Resources. People need Tools and Machines. People need Safe and Sustainable Products. People need Safe and Sustainable Infrastructure. People need Safe and Sustainable Public Services. People need Safe and Sustainable ways to deal with Waste and Pollution. People need a High Quality Education and access to valuable Knowledge and Information. People need Computers and Smartphones to access valuable Information, Knowledge and Tools. Big 5.

So there is plenty of work to be done. It's just that there is not enough people focusing on creating the jobs that would fulfill our needs to the highest degree of quality that can be obtained. And all these needs are short of workers, and the people needed to organize and supervise these workers. This isn't about money, this is about people coming together and working together. We all have to share the responsibility that life gives us. We are so much better off when we work together. But we have to learn how to work together fairly and effectively. And lucky for us, humans can learn, after all, our thinking is what got us this far in the first place. So what we need is an improved education system that every person on the planet has access to. And we can get there fairly quickly if we all work together.



Incentivize - Work Motivation


Incentive is something that motivates an individual to perform an action. Enabling someone in a positive way.

Incentive Program is used to promote or encourage specific actions or behavior by a specific group of people during a defined period of time. Incentive programs are particularly used in business management to motivate employees and in sales to attract and retain customers. Scientific literature also refers to this concept as pay for performance.

Incentivizing doesn't always have to be about money, we do have alternatives.

Basic Income - Financial Aid - Investing - Funding - Divesting

Incentivizing Teachers - Incentivizing Learning (get paid to learn)

Contingency Management is the application of the three-term contingency or operant conditioning, which uses stimulus control and consequences to change behavior. CM originally derived from the science of applied behavior analysis (ABA), but it is sometimes implemented from a cognitive-behavior therapy framework as well (such as in dialectical behavior therapy, or DBT). Incentive-based contingency management is well-established when used as a clinical behavior analysis (CBA) treatment for substance abuse, which entails that patients' earn money (vouchers) or other incentives (i.e., prizes) as a reward to reinforce drug abstinence (and, less often, punishment if they fail to adhere to program rules and regulations or their treatment plan). By most evaluations, its procedures produces one of the largest effect sizes out of all mental health and educational interventions.

Token Economy is a system of contingency management based on the systematic reinforcement of target behavior. The reinforcers are symbols or tokens that can be exchanged for other reinforcers. A token economy is based on the principles of operant conditioning and behavioral economics and can be situated within applied behavior analysis. In applied settings token economies are used with children and adults; however, they have been successfully modeled with pigeons in lab settings.

Incentives help foster cooperation and also helps to stimulate people to collaborate for the common good. This is why hundreds of millions of people go to work every day, because they are getting paid, that is their incentive. So you don't need anymore proof than that to prove that incentivizing works. But not always, because it's what people are being incentivized to do is what matters most. If you're getting paid to make things worse, then that is not an incentive, that's a bribe. So we need more incentives and less bribes.

Incentive Salience refers to the "wanting" or "desire" attribute given by the brain – specifically, by the nucleus accumbens shell – to a rewarding stimulus. Reward is the attractive and motivational property of a stimulus that induces appetitive behavior – also known as approach behavior – and consummatory behavior. This "wanting" is unlike "liking" in that liking is a pleasure immediately gained from consumption or other contact with stimuli, while the "wanting" of incentive salience is a motivational magnet quality of a stimulus that makes it a desirable and attractive goal, transforming it from a mere sensory experience into something that commands attention, induces approach, and causes it to be sought out. Incentive salience is regulated by dopamine activity in the mesocorticolimbic pathway of the brain.

Performance-Related Pay is a salary or wages paid based on the performance of the individual or team. The reward is the salary.

Merit Pay is the increase of pay for performance, performance-related pay. It provides bonuses for workers who perform their jobs effectively, according to easily measurable criteria.

Bonus is an amount of money added to wages on a seasonal basis, especially as a reward for good performance. An extra payment (bonus payment) received for doing one's job well or a salary or wages based completely on how well one does one's job, called performance-related pay or pay for performance.

Meritocracy is a political philosophy which holds that certain things, such as economic goods or power, should be vested in individuals on the basis of talent, effort and achievement, rather than factors such as sexuality, race, gender or wealth. Advancement in such a system is based on performance, as measured through examination or demonstrated achievement.

Gamify - Inspiration - Work Life Balance

Subsidy is a form of financial aid or support extended to an economic sector (or institution, business, or individual) generally with the aim of promoting economic and social policy. Food Subsidy Corruption.

Employee Motivation methods for motivating employees, is an intrinsic and internal drive to put forth the necessary effort and action towards work-related activities. It has been broadly defined as the "psychological forces that determine the direction of a person's behavior in an organization, a person's level of effort and a person's level of persistence". Also, "Motivation can be thought of as the willingness to expend energy to achieve a goal or a reward. Motivation at work has been defined as 'the sum of the processes that influence the arousal, direction, and maintenance of behaviors relevant to work settings'." Motivated employees are essential to the success of an organization as motivated employees are generally more productive at the work place. Job design ideas: Job Simplification: The goal of this job design approach is to standardize and specialize tasks. This approach does not always lead to increased motivation because the jobs can become mundane over time. Job Enlargement: The goal of this job design approach is to combine tasks to give the employee a greater variety of work. Job Rotation: The goal of this job design approach is to move workers to different tasks periodically. Job Enrichment: The key to job design employee motivation, this approach aims to enhance the actual job by building up the employee through motivational factors. job can be described in terms of five key job characteristics: Skill Variety - the degree to which the job requires the use of different skills and talents. Task Identity - the degree to which the job has contributed to a clearly identifiable larger project. Task Significance - the degree to which the job affects the lives or work of other people. Autonomy - the degree to which the employee has independence, freedom and discretion in carrying out the job. Task Feedback - the degree to which the employee is provided with clear, specific, detailed, actionable information about the effectiveness of his or her job performance. employee participation program to be successful: Have a profit-sharing or gain-sharing plan where both the employer and employee benefit. Implement a long-term employment relationship to instill job security. Make a concerted effort to build and maintain group cohesiveness. Provide protection of the individual employee's rights. Quality-of-work-life programs. Work-life balance is an employee's perception of how a proper balance between personal time, family care, and work are maintained with minimal conflict. Employers can use work-life balance as a motivational technique by implementing quality-of-work-life programs. Examples of such programs include flextime, workplace wellness, and family support. Flexible work schedules can allow an employee to work whenever they can as long as a certain number of hours are worked each week and some employers allow their employees to work from home. Sometimes employers utilize flextime schedules that allow employees to arrive to work when they choose within specified limits. A wellness program can involve having an exercise facility, offering counseling, or even having programs set up to help employees lose weight or stop smoking cigarettes. Family support programs involve help with parenting, childcare, and some programs allow employees to leave for family purposes.

Work Motivation is a person's internal disposition to be concerned with and approach positive incentives and avoid negative incentives. To further this, an incentive is the anticipated reward or aversive event available in the environment. While motivation can often be used as a tool to help predict behavior, it varies greatly among individuals and must often be combined with ability and environmental factors to actually influence behavior and performance. Reduce input to a level they believe better matches their level of compensation. Change or adjust the comparative standard to which they are comparing their situation. Cognitively adjust their perception of their inputs or the outcomes received. Withdraw. Ask their employer for increased compensation. Engage in employee theft. There are four fairness perceptions applied to organizational settings: Distributive justice, or the perception of equality of an individual's outcomes. Procedural justice, or the fairness of the procedures used to determine one's outcomes. Interactional justice, or the perception that one has been treated fairly with dignity and respect. Informational Justice, or the perception that one has been given all the information one needs in order to best perform their jobs. Procedures and policies should be: Consistently applied to everyone in the organization. free from bias. Accurate, Correctable. Representative of all concerns. Based on prevailing ethics.

Public Service Motivation explains why individuals have a desire to serve the public and link their personal actions with the overall public interest. Understanding the theory and practice of PSM is important in determining the motivations of individuals who choose careers in the government and non-profit sectors despite the potential for more financially lucrative careers in the private sector.

Employee Morale. Management and employees can help increase morale in the workplace by the following means. Recognize employees. Be a respectful manager. Have one-on-one meetings with employees. Invest in employees. Get to know employees. Pay and reward systems. Job autonomy and discretion. Support services. Training. Happiness at Work (wiki)

Employee Engagement is a fundamental concept in the effort to understand and describe, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the nature of the relationship between an organization and its employees. An "engaged employee" is defined as one who is fully absorbed by and enthusiastic about their work and so takes positive action to further the organization's reputation and interests. An engaged employee has a positive attitude towards the organization and its values. In contrast, a disengaged employee may range from someone doing the bare minimum at work (aka 'coasting'), up to an employee who is actively damaging the company's work output and reputation. Drivers of engagement: Employee's personal resources -"...it is found that the positive perceptions that individuals hold of their own personal strength and ability allow them to be engaged with the organization." Employee perceptions of job importance – "...an employee's attitude toward the job's importance and the company had the greatest impact on loyalty and customer service than all other employee factors combined." Employee clarity of job expectations – "If expectations are not clear and basic materials and equipment are not provided, negative emotions such as boredom or resentment may result, and the employee may then become focused on surviving more than thinking about how he can help the organization succeed." Career advancement / improvement opportunities – "Plant supervisors and managers indicated that many plant improvements were being made outside the suggestion system, where employees initiated changes in order to reap the bonuses generated by the subsequent cost savings." Regular feedback and dialogue with superiors – "Feedback is the key to giving employees a sense of where they’re going, but many organizations are remarkably bad at giving it." Quality of working relationships with peers, superiors, and subordinates – "...if employees' relationship with their managers is fractured, then no amount of perks will persuade the employees to perform at top levels. Employee engagement is a direct reflection of how employees feel about their relationship with the boss." Perceptions of the ethos and values of the organization – "'Inspiration and values' is the most important of the six drivers in our Engaged Performance model. Inspirational leadership is the ultimate perk. In its absence, [it] is unlikely to engage employees." Effective internal employee communications – which convey a clear description of "what's going on". "'

Job Satisfaction is a measure of workers' contentedness with their job, whether or not they like the job or individual aspects or facets of jobs, such as nature of work or supervision. Job satisfaction can be measured in cognitive (evaluative), affective (or emotional), and behavioral components. Researchers have also noted that job satisfaction measures vary in the extent to which they measure feelings about the job (affective job satisfaction). or cognitions about the job (cognitive job satisfaction). One of the most widely used definitions in organizational research is that of Locke (1976), who defines job satisfaction as "a pleasurable or positive emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one's job or job experiences". Others have defined it as simply how content an individual is with his or her job; whether he or she likes the job or not. It is assessed at both the global level (whether or not the individual is satisfied with the job overall), or at the facet level (whether or not the individual is satisfied with different aspects of the job). Spector (1997) lists 14 common facets: appreciation, communication, coworkers, fringe benefits, Job conditions, nature of the work, organization, personal growth, policies and procedures, promotion opportunities, recognition, security, and supervision.

Quality of Working Life describes a person's broader employment-related experience. Various authors and researchers have proposed models of quality of working life – also referred to as quality of worklife – which include a wide range of factors, sometimes classified as "motivator factors" which if present can make the job experience a positive one, and "hygiene factors" which if lacking are more associated with dissatisfaction. A number of rating scales have been developed aiming to measure overall quality of working life or certain aspects thereof. Some publications have drawn attention to the importance of QWL for both employees and employers, and also for national economic performance. Balance.

Employee Benefits include various types of non-wage compensation provided to employees in addition to their normal wages or salaries. In instances where an employee exchanges (cash) wages for some other form of benefit is generally referred to as a 'salary packaging' or 'salary exchange' arrangement. In most countries, most kinds of employee benefits are taxable to at least some degree. Examples of these benefits include: housing (employer-provided or employer-paid) furnished or not, with or without free utilities; group insurance (health, dental, life etc.); disability income protection; retirement benefits; daycare; tuition reimbursement; sick leave; vacation (paid and non-paid); social security; profit sharing; employer student loan contributions; conveyance; domestic help (servants); and other specialized benefits. The purpose of employee benefits is to increase the economic security of staff members, and in doing so, improve worker retention across the organization. As such, it is one component of reward management. The term perks is often used colloquially to refer to those benefits of a more discretionary nature. Often, perks are given to employees who are doing notably well and/or have seniority. Common perks are take-home vehicles, hotel stays, free refreshments, leisure activities on work time (golf, etc.), stationery, allowances for lunch, and—when multiple choices exist—first choice of such things as job assignments and vacation scheduling. They may also be given first chance at job promotions when vacancies exist.

Earmark is a legislative (especially congressional) provision that directs approved funds to be spent on specific projects, or that directs specific exemptions from taxes or mandated fees.

Commission as remuneration is for services rendered or products sold is a common way to reward sales people. Payments often are calculated on the basis of a percentage of the goods sold, a way for firms to solve the principal–agent problem by attempting to realign employees' interests with those of the firm. Sales personnel are thus paid, in part of entirely, on the basis of products or services successfully sold rather than being paid by the hour, by attempted sales, or by any other measure. A common form of commission sales is real estate; in the United States, a real estate agent who successfully sells property will collect a commission of 6% of the sale price but a realtor who makes no sales will collect no salary or compensation whatsoever.

Worker Motivation Based on Work Worker Qualities and Job Skills

Why we work determines how well we work..

Employee Management - Knowledge Management

To increase job performance we need to make working fun, create jobs that have a purpose, create jobs that provide potential. We need to end emotional pressure, economic pressure, and inertia, because these reasons to work decrease performance.

Praise

Finland requires Master level teachers, and the state pays for the education, so the have a pool of highly qualified professionals. A teacher that stays for 10 years makes the same amount as a lawyer or doctor here in America. They actually pay their teachers.

Every school, government building, and even some public areas, will have a job board, a list of jobs that are available and ready to be filled, locally, regionally and globally. Each job will list the number of people that needed to fill these jobs adequately. The school will also list the current number of people who are in training for each job. Employer is notified of how many people are in training for the particular jobs they have. Employer can now hire the student anytime during the education and training process, as long as they continue and finish the necessary education and training requirements.  Things change so always a have a backup.

Only the most beneficial Jobs will be incentivized, or what the Government calls, Subsidize. Jobs will be rated by known factors that would bring the most value and the most benefits to society and the community. 

Jobs that make a Difference

If incentives are used correctly, it will be the best investment we could make. Incentives should work like this, a person is paid for doing a particular function, a function that benefits them, as well as, benefits other people too, who in turn, benefits even more people, a continuous cycle of improvements. But it needs to be a group effort. And it has to be done on multiple levels. Not everyone needs to be involved, just enough people so that improvements continue to happen for as long as needed.

If we have the ability to make better decisions, then we should. But people are not aware of better decisions, or are they aware of their abilities. This is because people did not have a quality education, or have the time and resources needed to acquire new knowledge and learn new skills. But with the internet and computer technology, we have the ability to correct the deficiencies with education and also improve access to knowledge and information, which would allow people to acquire needed skills, and learn more about themselves and the world around them. But just knowing that you can have an ability, does not give you the ability. You must learn and acquire the ability. So if we give everyone the ability to learn more, and become more knowledgeable about their abilities, then most people will seek out these abilities and skills, because they know that knowledge will give them more potential, more power, more control, more freedom, and more possibilities. This would be like a perpetual Self Rewarding System, a system that has the ability to solve every problem on the planet.

Universal School of Thought

What a University should be: If you learn this knowledge and gain these skills, then a job is waiting for you, guaranteed. Then list the Jobs that are needed by society, jobs that are guaranteed to preserve life. And next to those jobs is the job description along with the necessary courses that a person needs to take. And just like the Military, Universities are not asking people for money to join, we are actually going to pay you and take care of your needs. Why? Because it's extremely important, which will be just one of the many things that you will learn about.

Tech Hire - Merging Industry and Classroom

When we incentivize, we can mobilize millions. But only when Incentives are completely explained and the costs are understood.

Every school in the nation should have a class devoted to Creating Jobs 101, And these jobs that are based on the improvements that world needs to make. This way students will be basically mapping out their own future. So by the time students graduate High School they will have a pretty good idea what to expect, and what's expected of them. Kids shouldn't depend on the same morons to fix the future when it was the same morons who destroyed their future. If you want kids to be responsible for their future, give them the wheel, because the morons driving now have already crashed and burned. 

Jobs that are Needed...just some...High Quality Teachers, that guarantees that every student is a highly intelligent self directed learner. Highly Intelligent Government Employees, ones who are incapable of corruption.High Quality Public Utilities Engineers to guarantee fresh water, affordable energy and proper waste management. High Quality Skilled Tradesmen to maintain the infrastructure, roads, bridges, communications and so on. Highly Intelligent Social Workers and Caregivers, to care for people in need, and to care for the elderly. Local Farmers to guarantee food supplies that are sustainable and healthy. High Quality Supervisors and Managers to supervise needed projects that will provide continuous improvements to society and communities. Incorruptible Politicians.

Jobs that Make a Difference - Maintenance

Professions - Skilled Labor

The only reason why there are not enough jobs is because of corruption and ignorance, there is plenty of work to do, it's just that corruption and ignorance is stopping these jobs from being created, and stopping these jobs from being filled with skilled people.

"Most jobs growth are around helping the sick and unhealthy, but there are very few jobs that are helping people avoid being sick and unhealthy, this is ignorant and criminal."

The only thing that this world is short of is intelligence. And when we correct this deficit, everything will improve.



Job-Specific Training Programs


Schools don't always send people to jobs, so the Job needs to send people to school. The Job needs to send people to school because schools don't always send people to jobs, mostly because the jobs may not be there after they graduate from school. This is one of the reasons for going to college, which is to learn how to create jobs. You also want students to learn how to manage and supervise large projects, because the new work force will need educated managers and trained supervisors, and not just skilled workers. knowing that you are guaranteed a job before you start school will increase graduation rates to over 95%. And one of the reasons why is because that the new job wants you to succeed, they have invested in you, and you are willing to invest the time in them and learn your profession. And knowing what your job will be means that you are already interested in that type of work, and not for the money, but because you like the work, your good at what you do, and you know your job is making a difference in the world. So the Future of Education is going to change. Every student will have a job because the job will be part of the classroom. Either by having remote access to the business or that particular service, or by having a company or government representative in the school. And of course Higher Education will eventually be open to everyone, and, free to everyone. "Free at last, free at last."

Internships - On the Job Training - Get Paid to go to School

A paid apprenticeship needs to be a contract job. A guarantee that the person will work and stay with the employer for at least 2 years, and also train the next person. The only way to get out of the contract is have have a more important job that needs to be filled, or that the work becomes abusive, or the employer voids the contract. Guaranteed Jobs-for-All Program.

Appropriations Bill for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education.(PDF)

Apprenticeships have 87 percent of their participants who finish their programs have already secured a job.

Apprenticeship Program from the Federation for Advanced Manufacturing Education is a classic apprenticeship program that combines classroom learning with paid on-the-job experience, teaching skills in demand across an industry.

Professional School is a graduate school level institution that prepares students for careers in specific fields. Some of the schools also offer undergraduate degrees in specific professions.

Examples of this type of school include:
Architecture school, Business school, Engineering school, Law school, Library school, Education school - see also Normal school, Public policy school, Social work school, Healthcare: Medical school, Chiropractic school, Dental school, Pharmacy school, Physician Assistant school, Physiotherapy school, Podiatric medical school, Public health school, Speech-Language Pathology School, Occupational therapy school, Nursing school, Veterinary school, Optometry school. Life Skills.

The Half Life of a Learned Skill is around 5 years, this means that much of what you learned 5 years ago might be either obsolete or irrelevant. So everyone needs to stay current with what is known. This is why updating what you know and what you do is extremely valuable, especially when teaching others. 10,000 Hour Rule.

Training - Degrees (accreditation)

When thinking about what course to take ask these questions? When will this knowledge be used? How will it be used? Why will it be used? Where will it be used? How will these new skills and knowledge be used in conjunction with already learned skills and knowledge? Deciding your education options.

Schools are misleading students by claiming a 95 percent job-placement rate within six months, which is a lie and fraud. They just want your money. 

Workforce Investment Act Leaves many Jobless and in Debt - Workforce Investment Act of 1998

"Jobs and Schools need to be combined to give people on the job training. You can do this in almost every job sector that we have. What knowledge and skills does someone need in order to do this particular job effectively? You can train anyone on the job, and give them an hour or two a day to learn the necessary knowledge and information that would help them to learn more about the work so they become more valuable and more productive."

"No more guessing what your future will be, because you are the future."

Berea College in Kentucky has paid for every enrollee’s education using its endowment for 126 years. Tuition Is Free and Every Student Is Given a Job. Can other schools replicate the model? Founded in 1855 by a Presbyterian minister who was an abolitionist. It was the first integrated, co-educational college in the South. And it has not charged students tuition since 1892. Every student on campus works, and its labor program is like work-study on steroids. The work includes everyday tasks such as janitorial services, but older students are often assigned jobs aligned to their academic program, and work on things such as web production or managing volunteer programs. And students receive a physical check for their labor that can go toward housing and living expenses. Forty-five percent of graduates have no debt, and the ones who do have an average of less than $7,000 in debt, according to Luke Hodson, the college’s director of admissions. More than 90 percent of Berea College students are eligible to receive the Pell Grant—often used as a proxy for low-income enrollment. Most of those students, 70 percent to be exact, are from Appalachia—where nearly one of every five people live below the poverty line. And that recruiting pipeline in Appalachia produces a rather diverse class—more than 40 percent of the student body identify as racial minorities. Berea has a $1.2 billion endowment—which is how it can afford to cover the tuition of every student.



Do Machines Take Jobs - Does Automation Kill Jobs


A Robot didn't take your Job? The robot is doing a job for you, which means that you can do something else. But what if something else was not available, which sounds impossible, since every human has hundreds of responsibilities and life itself requires a lot of maintenance. So there has to be some other activity that should be available? This means that someone is not doing their job. Most people can't do good things because they need to make money to pay for things they need to live. This is a horrible system. Money is a tool, money is not supposed to be used a weapon or a method of control. All humans have a right to be funded for the beneficial work they provide. Someone has to be responsible for making sure that all the work that life requires has the necessary funding and also has the necessary personnel to manage these extremely important jobs that need to be done. We have a lot of work to do. Like cleaning fresh water sources and making sure that clean water is available to every citizen. We need to clean up toxic polluted areas on land and in the ocean. We need to provide healthy food for every citizen and make sure that small farms don't go out of business. We need housing and to start repurposing abandoned buildings. We need to improve healthcare and make sure that high quality healthcare is available to every citizen. We need cleaner energy sources that are available to everyone. We need to bring back manufacturing jobs that produce high quality products and provide good pay that workers can live on. We need to improve education and improve job training so that every citizen can be intelligent and highly educated and skilled enough so that they can to do any job that they are passionate about doing. With all the work that needs to be done, there is no excuse that anyone would not have a job. You can blame robots or automation, but that would be ignorant and narrow minded. We can blame the incompetence and the corruption of our government, but that will not solve our problems. We have to go to work. And the first job that we need to do is to elect the most competent and the most trustworthy representatives that we can find. We need to clean house and drain the swamp ourselves, and stop expecting some lying scumbag to do it for us. So it seems that robots don't kill jobs, it's our own ignorance that kills jobs and corporate greed that kills jobs. Automation and technology has replaced many jobs, and will continue to do so. But this does not replace all the work that needs to be done. Humans have thousands of responsibilities. But greedy corporations have killed millions of American jobs by using slave labor in other countries, and corrupt governments and ignorant people failed to correct this problem. So don't blame technology just because ignorant people abuse our tools. Ignorance has always been our achilles heal. Displaced is just another word for negligence, abuse, and corruption. Our government representatives are not doing their jobs and that CEO's are not doing their jobs. So maybe we should replace those jobs with robots. Then those robots would make it a true democracy because citizens could program the robots using Americas Constitution instead of being programed by corporate pollution.

Cars didn't replace your feet, computers didn't replace your brain, and machines didn't replace your ability to do other types of work, or did it replace your ability to choose to do something else. But when choices are taken from you, because of greedy corporations, then you still have a choice, and that choice is to stop this corruption. The Declaration of Independence was to free Americans from Britain's control. So now we need another Declaration of Independence to free us from the control of corrupt corporations and the greedy scumbags who are destroying America. Industrial Revolution.

Machines don't replace humans, machines help humans to be more efficient and more productive. Does Technology Destroy Jobs? No. Technology does not kill jobs, technology makes things easier to do. Jobs are not being lost to technology, jobs are being freed by technology, which frees up human potential to do more important things, such as, solve the problems that are degrading the quality of life. Problems like the lack of a quality education not being accessible or utilized to its fullest potential.

Though I'm am biological, I am mostly a machine. I use a machine to do machine work, and my work is mostly for other machines. Though my life is not machine like, my work is definitely machine like. Not that it's bad, it's just that machines are necessary, how else could we do machine work. Though I am not a machine, I need to be machine like if I want to live and survive in a machine universe.

There are several reasons why so many people don't have meaningful work to do. First, greedy corporations exploited slave labor in other countries, and they also failed to repurpose our manufacturing facilities which would have saved millions of jobs. Second, our ignorant and corrupt government leaders allowed this to happen (murder for money). Third, our inadequate education system failed to improve education so that students would be more educated and more skillful in order to solve problems, especially problems One and Two above. Jobs do not disappear. The only thing that disappears is our ability to accurately understand our reality enough in order to act effectively and efficiently so that we don't get caught with our pants down, which is what happened. We have to learn our way out of this problem, we can not just wish our problems away. There will always be work to do, it's just that people haven't figured out how to compensate people, or, have we figured out how to make living affordableThings Change as we all know from history, and from our current state. Species who do not adapt will die, which is why so many people die everyday. We are currently in a mass extinction, and if we do not act soon, humans will be on that list. Automation Skills and Training.

Rust Belt is a region of the United States that was once known for steel production and heavy industry until greedy corporations and a corrupt government sent jobs over seas to other countries. Rust Belt is made up mostly of places in the Midwest and Great Lakes. Rust refers to the deindustrialization, or economic decline, population loss, and urban decay.

Ludite is a person opposed to new technology or ways of working. Luddite were a group of English textile workers and weavers in the 19th century who destroyed weaving machinery as a form of protest. The group was protesting the use of machinery in a "fraudulent and deceitful manner" to get around standard labour practices. Luddites feared that the time spent learning the skills of their craft would go to waste as machines would replace their role in the industry. It is a misconception that the Luddites protested against the machinery itself in an attempt to halt the progress of technology. Over time, however, the term has come to mean one opposed to industrialization, automation, computerization, or new technologies in general. The Luddite movement began in Nottingham and culminated in a region-wide rebellion that lasted from 1811 to 1816. Mill owners took to shooting protesters and eventually the movement was suppressed with military force.

When you lose a job that required little education to do, then you need to increase your education to acquire a job that machines can't do, and there are millions of those types of jobs. You need more than a trade or a career, you need a high quality education.

If you have a job and you're doing work that a machine can do, then that means you have a temporary job. So your main goal is to find work that machines can't do, or find work related to machines, robots, computers and software, or become self sustainable, or start learning what else you can do to be of service, and then pass the baton like everyone else who lived before you.

Technology advanced too fast for most people, mostly because education did not advance fast enough along with technology. So technology has advanced to fast for most people, while technology did not advance fast enough for some people, people who know how to use technology effectively and more efficiently. There are people waiting for technology to catch up, while there are 7 billion humans trying to educate themselves enough to catch up to the current level of technology. We are going to have to act fast if we want to equalize and match the current state of the world. The window of opportunity is open.

Technological Unemployment is the reduction of certain jobs caused by technological change. Such change typically includes the introduction of labour-saving "mechanical-muscle" machines or more efficient "mechanical-mind" processes (automation). Technological Unemployment - Smart Innovation.

So what will people do when machines give us more time and less work? People will have more time to explore, more time to discover, and more time to learn. People will have more time to do maintenance, more time to do repairs, and more time to do improvements. People will have more time to help people, more time to care for people, and more time to love people. People will have more time to live.

“You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.” (Buckminster Fuller).

7,231,000 Lost Jobs: Manufacturing Employment Down 37% From June 1979 Peak of 19,553,000. In April 2015, there were only 12,322,000 employed in the manufacturing sector. That is a decline of 7,231,000—or 37 percent.

25 Million Americans are collecting unemployment in August 2020. This is insane. 40 Million Americans are on food stamps. This is insane.

In April 1973, the year median household income peaked for householders who have completed high school but not earned a higher degree, there were 146,459,000 in the civilian non-institutional population and employment in manufacturing was 18,359,000—or 12.5 percent of the civilian noninstitutional population. In April 2015, there were 250,266,000 in the civilian noninstitutional population and employment in manufacturing was 12,272,000—or 4.9 percent of the civilian population.

But still almost 50 million people on food stamps in 2016 in the U.S., up from 25 million in 2005. And we still have housing problems, we still have energy problems, in regards to prices, pollution and climate change. And we still have many types of health related problems to solve.



Disabled Workers on the Rise - Employment Projections


Unemployment can be measured in several ways. A person is unemployed if they are jobless but looking for a job and available for work. People who are neither employed nor unemployed are not in the labor force. For example, as of July 2013, the unemployment rate in the United States was 7.4% or 12.0 million people, while the government's broader U-6 unemployment rate, which includes the part-time underemployed was 14.3% or 22.2 million people. These figures were calculated with a civilian labor force of approximately 155 million people, relative to a U.S. population of approximately 315 million people. The record proportion of long term unemployed, continued decreasing household income, and new federal budget cuts remained indicative of a jobless recovery.

40 Million Americans still on Food Stamps since 2008 - ($200.00 a month on average)

14 million People now get a Disability. Every month 14 million people now get a disability check from the government. Most SSDI recipients receive between $700 and $1,700 per month (the average for 2017 is $1,171). The federal government spends more money each year on cash payments for disabled former workers than it spends on food stamps and welfare combined. Guaranteed Income.

Unemployment - Injuries - Retirement

A person of need gets abused and profiled when asking for help from people who are paid to help them, but when a person from a corporation or a politician steals millions of dollars, they just call it a profit or a donation?

More than 3.8 million workers suffered from work-related injuries and illnesses in 2012, which the union said is likely underreported and could be as high as 11.4 million employees. "The cost of these injuries and illnesses is enormous -- estimated at $250 billion to $330 billion a year," the report said. 

Social Security Disability Insurance is a payroll tax-funded, federal insurance program of the United States government. It is managed by the Social Security Administration and is designed to provide income supplements to people who are physically restricted in their ability to be employed because of a notable disability, usually a physical disability. SSD can be supplied on either a temporary or permanent basis, usually directly correlated to whether the person's disability is temporary or permanent. People frequently confuse Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Unlike SSI, SSDI does not depend on the income of the disabled individual receiving it. A legitimately disabled person (a finding based on legal and medical justification) of any income level can theoretically receive SSD. ("Disability" under SSDI is measured by a different standard than under the Americans with Disabilities Act.) Most SSI recipients are below an administratively-mandated income threshold, and indeed these individuals must in fact stay below that threshold to continue receiving SSI; but this is not the case with SSD. Informal names for SSDI include Disability Insurance Benefits (DIB) and Title II benefits. These names come from the chapter title of the governing section of the Social Security Act, which came into law in August 1935. As of July 1956, after spending twenty years bouncing around Congress, the Social Security Disability Insurance program was put into effect.

Nonfatal Occupational injuries and illnesses - DisABLEd Workers’ mission is to assist persons with disabilities reach their employment goals!

Occupational Disease is any chronic ailment that occurs as a result of work or occupational activity. It is an aspect of occupational safety and health. An occupational disease is typically identified when it is shown that it is more prevalent in a given body of workers than in the general population, or in other worker populations. The first such disease to be recognised, squamous-cell carcinoma of the scrotum, was identified in chimney sweep boys by Sir Percival Pott in 1775. Occupational hazards that are of a traumatic nature (such as falls by roofers) are not considered to be occupational diseases.

Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA) - Work Place Safety

4,551 people were killed on the job in America in 2009 with an estimated 50,000 people dying annually of work-related diseases.

National Day of Mourning: Canada (wiki)

Occupational Fatality is a death that occurs while a person is at work or performing work related tasks. Occupational fatalities are also commonly called “occupational deaths” or “work-related deaths/fatalities” and can occur in any industry or occupation.

OSHA inspectors may not inspire confidence in some critics, given that there are fewer than 2,000 state and federal inspectors to review 8 million workplaces, or what the AFL-CIO says is one inspector for every 68,000 workers.

People on Disability Insurance Occupational injury is bodily damage resulting from working. The most common organs involved are the spine, hands, the head, lungs, eyes, skeleton, and skin. Occupational injuries can result from exposure to occupational hazards (physical, chemical, biological, or psychosocial), such as temperature, noise, insect or animal bites, blood-borne pathogens, aerosols, hazardous chemicals, radiation, and occupational burnout. While many prevention methods are set in place, injuries may still occur due to poor ergonomics, manual handling of heavy loads, misuse or failure of equipment, exposure to general hazards, and inadequate safety training.

Workers Compensation is a form of insurance providing wage replacement and medical benefits to employees injured in the course of employment in exchange for mandatory relinquishment of the employee's right to sue his or her employer for the tort of negligence. The trade-off between assured, limited coverage and lack of recourse outside the worker compensation system is known as "the compensation bargain." One of the problems that the compensation bargain solved is the problem of employers becoming insolvent as a result of high damage awards. The system of collective liability was created to prevent that, and thus to ensure security of compensation to the workers. Individual immunity is the necessary corollary to collective liability. While plans differ among jurisdictions, provision can be made for weekly payments in place of wages (functioning in this case as a form of disability insurance), compensation for economic loss (past and future), reimbursement or payment of medical and like expenses (functioning in this case as a form of health insurance), and benefits payable to the dependents of workers killed during employment. General damage for pain and suffering, and punitive damages for employer negligence, are generally not available in workers' compensation plans, and negligence is generally not an issue in the case.

Violence and assaults impacts women while on the job more than men, with female workers suffering two-thirds of all such injuries, the report noted. Some of those female workers are victims of assault by healthcare patients or social work clients.

"Workplace violence is the second leading cause of workplace death in the country," Seminario said. "Injuries are coming from patients and clients. You don't have the staffing or resources" in some institutions, such as psychiatric hospitals, to protect workers, she added. "It's a growing issue, particularly for women."

Modified Duty off-site Program

1970 the country registered about 13,800 on-the-job fatalities. In 2012, the number of deaths about one-third of that, at about 4,600 fatalities. But 14 million people now get a disability check from the government every month. The federal government spends more money each year on cash payments for disabled former workers than it spends on food stamps and welfare combined.

Unfit for Work

Social Security (who gets it?) - Stats - Quick Facts - Employee Rights

Individuals on food stamps hit an all-time-high of 47,636,084, according to the USDA.

About 57 million people collect Social Security benefits each month, and they account for about one in six people in the United States. In about one household in four, someone is receiving Social Security benefits. About 37 million retired workers receive benefits and another 2.9 million individuals receive benefits as spouses or children of retired workers. A total of 6.2 million people receive benefits as survivors of deceased workers, including 3.9 million aged widows and widowers and 1.9 million children. Another 8.9 million people receive benefits as disabled workers, and 2.0 million people receive benefits as the child or spouse of a disabled worker. A total of 3.3 million children under age 18 receive Social Security and another 1.0 million adults who have been disabled since childhood get benefits as dependents of a retired, disabled or deceased parent.


Unemployment Rates - Jobs Report - How Many People are Working


Labor Force 2017 Unemployment Rate is measured in percentages, and percentages are expressions of ratios. And like with any ratio, there a number of ways that you can manipulate that value. You can say that the Unemployment Went Down, because More People Left The Workforce. So you are not counting everyone who can work. And you're not counting all the people on disability. And you're not counting all the people who need to work 2 jobs just to live. Numbers don't always tell the truth because people can easily use numbers to manipulate the truth and change the facts of a situation. Full employment is when the number of people seeking jobs is roughly in balance with the number of job openings. But this does not say what the impacts of these jobs are, or if people could actually make enough money to live on. U.S. Economy added 292,000 Jobs In December of 2015. What kind of jobs? Are these jobs making a difference? Are these jobs creating more harm then good? Just creating more jobs says nothing about the economy, so someone is lying. A healthy job market is between 4.6 percent and 5 percent, but healthy is a lie. There is a disconnect from reality. About 7.9 million people remain unemployed. For black teenagers nationwide, the unemployment rate is 21 percent. For college graduates, it's 2.3 percent unemployment; for high school dropouts, 7 percent. If you're a 30-year-old with a college degree and a U-Haul, you're all set, you can find jobs. In the mean time, peoples severances are long gone, savings are gone, unemployment compensation is gone. and people have spent their retirement accounts just to have something to live on.

Unemployment is a measure of the prevalence of unemployment and it is calculated as a percentage by dividing the number of unemployed individuals by all individuals currently in the labor force. During periods of recession, an economy usually experiences a relatively high unemployment rate. According to International Labour Organization report, more than 200 million people globally or 6% of the world's workforce were without a job in 2012. Recession - Depression.

May 2020: 14.7% Unemployment, 20.5 Million Jobs no longer available, forcing 27 million people to lose health insurance. Coronavirus job losses could total 47 million, unemployment rate may hit 32%, Fed estimates. 36.5 Million Have Filed For Unemployment In 8 Weeks. Nearly 40% of workers in households making less than $40,000 a year had lost a job in March
economy shrank at a 4.8% pace in the first quarter of 2020. Because of COVID-19, 47% of adults say their households have lost employment income and close to 40% have delayed getting medical care, according to the first results of a new Census Bureau survey. More than 38 million Americans have lost their jobs.

Employment Rates can be manipulated and misinterpreted in the same way that Crime Stats, Economic Growth and Pharmaceutical Research Results are. Banks - Student Debt - Survey Manipulation.

Misclassification Error. The unemployment rate comes from a survey where Census workers ask about 60,000 households questions about whether they are working or looking for a job the week of May 10 to 16. One of the first questions that gets asked is did the person do any work "for pay or profit?" There are then 45 pages of follow up questions that come after that. One of those questions asks if someone was "temporarily absent" from the job and why that absence occurred. One of the responses is "other." The Bureau of Labor Statistics, the agency that puts out the monthly jobs reports, instructed surveyors to try to figure out if someone was absent because of the pandemic and, if so, to classify them as on "temporary layoff," meaning they would count in the unemployment data. But some people continued to insist they were just "absent" from work during the pandemic, and the BLS has a policy of not changing people's answers once they are recorded. It's how the BLS protects against bias or data manipulation. Former staffers said it's unusual that the BLS was not able to correct this problem faster. The only political appointee at the BLS is the commissioner, who, Groshen said, does not have access to the data and only sees the finalized report.

Saying that the employment rate is low is can be a lie because you're not counting everyone  and you are also not including all the other factors involved. There are fewer people in the workforce and there are people who are not in the system who are listed as looking for work, so those people are not counted. But they do count people working part time and are underemployed working jobs with low pay and no benefits. You can't count people who are working but don't earn enough to pay their bills. And on top of that, millions of Americans are disabled and over 40 million American are still on food stamps. People can skew information to manipulate people into believing something that is false or a lie. That is fraud and false advertising, which is illegal. This is how drug companies get away with murder, they do their own research and then present the information in a way that makes them look good. Scumbags.

Animated Map of Unemployment changes in the last 10 years (youtube)

Unemployment in the United States (wiki)

20 Million Americans Workers are Left Behind and Underutilized.

Comosition of Pennsylvania Emplyment, 2009 Usually when there is millions of people with no work, ignorant leaders have people build pyramids or other stupid wasteful things. Sometimes they even start wars. But now that we are a little more educated, we can now make better decisions about what to do with an enormous work force without waste or abuse, or mass murder. We can Build New Sustainable Cities. Repair all the polluted areas in the world. Mass produce high quality products that add value and potential to society. Create a new Government with Highly Educated and Competent People, that is open and transparent.

Employment Projections: Jobs in demand should be about what society needs most of that would provide the most improvements, not just treating our diseases, but working on cures. People have been working on cures but not prevention.

The Associated Press reported Thursday that the number of foreign-born workers in the U.S. has gone from nearly 3.1 million in 2007 to 25.9 million today. Those workers account for 56 percent of the increase in U.S. employment over that period, according to the Labor Department. So our Corporations are not just farming out our jobs, they are also having workers come here.

Guest Worker Program allows foreign workers to temporarily reside and work in a host country until a next round of workers is readily available to switch. Guest workers typically perform low or semi-skilled agricultural, industrial, or domestic labor in countries with workforce shortages, and they return home once their contract has expired. While migrant workers may move within a country to find labor, guest worker programs employ workers from areas outside of the host country. Guest workers are not considered permanent immigrants due to the temporary nature of their contracts.

The Most Common Jobs in America by State in 1978 Farm Workers
National Domestic Workers Alliance (NDWA)
Visas and Work Permits

Strikebreaker are sometimes derogatorily called a scab, blackleg, or knobstick, is a person who works despite an ongoing strike. Strikebreakers are usually individuals who are not employed by the company prior to the trade union dispute, but rather hired after or during the strike to keep the organization running. "Strikebreakers" may also refer to workers (union members or not) who cross picket lines to work.

More than 78 million Americans -- or nearly 59 percent of the U.S. workforce -- are now paid on an hourly basis.
Line cooks, cooks and bakers -- $13 per hour
Head cashiers -- $12
Retail sales associates -- $11.70
Hostesses -- $10.50
Baristas and cashiers -- $10.20

Don't just list jobs in demand, list their importance, if sustainable.

The Most Common Jobs in America by State in 2014 Jobs Change Everyone should know how many empty buildings in their state and what the current work force is, their skills, training and education needed.

Job title is nothing if the job does not improve things. I'm the president of a cigarette company vs. I'm the president of a education company.

50 Million people still on Food Stamps, Foreclosures Still High, People still living paycheck to paycheck, people have to work 2 jobs just to make ends meet. Half of Americans have more debt then savings. Hourly pay rates are below the standard of living.

Living Wage is the minimum income necessary for a worker to meet their basic needs. And the ones fortunate enough to have a job are over worked and working too many hours, or worse, doing things that are counter productive.

Everyone is employable to a certain degree. It's just that we are putting the responsibility of job creation in the wrong hands.

The responsibility of job creation should be a city, state and federal joint program. An agency that measures the needs of people in any given area. and fills these needs through job creation and training. We have a lot of people with disabilities, and we have a growing elderly population. Communities need to know and understand what the responsibilities are. What is the true cost? Are we training and educating students to fill these needed services? We have workers who are willing and able to work fulltime and part time. Communities, cities, states and governments have an enormous amount of work to do. But know one is working on organizing job creation, jobs that matches the current workforce, along with the needs of every community. Let the force be with you, workforce that is. All employees should be given a smartphone with a data plan. This way you can pay people electronically, you can keep tract of their performance, keep tract of the time spent working, and keep tract of travel times. Smartphones can also keep tract of the food and water that each person needs, and make sure that they have shelter, and make sure that they have access to education and job training. And make sure that they have access to other important services, like Doctors, Lawyers, Energy, Transportation, and Security. No human should be priced out of life just because they lack this one thing we call money. We need to see and understand the whole picture. Because of the amount of knowledge that has been generated in just the last 25 years, we can now accurately measure and calculate everything in our world, which gives us the ability to make better decisions and better choices, and predict the future with better precision then any other time in history.

The human race is like the 6 Million Dollar Man, we have the technology, we have the capability to make the world better, stronger and more prosperous.

In order to improve the world you first have to improve education so that we can guarantee that people are educated enough to know how to improve the world. Life is a cycle, and humans have fallen off their cycle. We need to get back on our cycle and understand how to effectively ride our cycle again, so that we can maximize the benefits and the enjoyment from life, and guarantee a better world for everyone, now and forever.

"Your life is your work, your job is just one of the many services that you could provide. All the actions that you take in life and all the things that you do before and after your job, are the most important things to yourself and to the world. Even if your job is one of the most important jobs on the planet, it will never be as important as you. Without you being the best that you can be, the responsibilities of your job will never reach its true potential, or will you reach your true potential. The job and yourself are a shared responsibility. To be a good friend, to be a good son or daughter, to be a good mother or father, to be a good boss, to be a good leader, all these things take time to learn. So when learning how to do your job well, you have to keep learning how to be a good person as well.

100 Man Years is equal to 100 people working 40 hours a week for 1 year.

Man Hour is the amount of work performed by the average worker in one hour. It is used in written "estimates" for estimation of the total amount of uninterrupted labour required to perform a task.



Exploited Talent and Potential


Percent Of College Students who make it to The Professional Level Schooled: The Price of College Sports (2013) (showing how the NCAA exploits athletes and then lies about their education)

"NCAA owners know they're criminals, and they know they're running a scam, they're not just exploiting students, they're exploiting all the fans and all the parents." College Scams are not that unusual.

Arrest Nation is the result of a low quality education.

Nearly eight million students currently participating in high school athletics in the United States, only 460,000 of them will compete at NCAA schools.

Even if you do make the Pro's, there is no guarantee for success. 30 For 30 - Broke (youtube)

Concussions: Frontline: League of Denial NFL's Concussion Crisis (765 million dollar apology)

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy found in 87 of 91 NFL players. CTE also appeared in 79 percent (131 of 165) of all football players studied.

A neuropathologist has examined the brains of 111 N.F.L. players — and 110 were found to have C.T.E., the degenerative disease linked to repeated blows to the head.

Brain Injury Info - Injuries (muscles) - Risk Factoring

Why helmets don't prevent concussions — and what might: David Camarillo: (video and interactivetext).

Long Term Health Consequences

Brain Changes Seen in Youth Football Players without Concussion An increase in subconcussive head impact exposure may have an effect on white matter (WM) integrity in youth athletes, even in the absence of a clinically diagnosed concussion, according to new Radiology research. The brain's white matter is composed of millions of nerve fibers called axons that act like communication cables connecting various regions of the brain. Diffusion tensor imaging produces a measurement, called fractional anisotropy (FA), of the movement of water molecules in the brain and along axons. In healthy white matter, the direction of water movement is fairly uniform and measures high in FA. When water movement is more random, FA values decrease, which has been associated with brain abnormalities in some studies.

Western and Lawson scientists develop game-changing Blood Test for Concussions

"Like millions of others, I love football, but I don't like someone ruining peoples lives in the name of money. It's wrong, it's bad, and it's criminal, You would have to be a total scumbag and a moron to do such a thing?"

This is not about money, it's about the lack of knowledge and information that people have about Money, which causes ignorant behaviors and horrible side effects. When you can't see beyond what money represents, then you will have no idea what you are doing, whether it's right or wrong, good or bad. It's insane what we are doing to ourselves in the name of money. We allow money to control our behavior, we are letting money decide how we live. We allow money to think for us, we even allow money to make our decisions. Money blinds us from knowing the consequences of our actions. Money creates a disconnect. How spoiled and ignorant we are. We have to stop using money as an excuse. This goes way beyond what a financial education could ever accomplish, this is about life. And because of our inadequate educational institutions, we will never have the right knowledge and information to over come the toxic effects of money, such as poverty, war, crime, corruption, and so on and so on. How can we allow ourselves to be dependent on money? How can we have a system that makes people dependent on money?  We need a system and a way of thinking that works without relying on money. A system that solves problems without money. Without someone asking to be paid first. People don't need a rewards or incentives, people need the facts.

Educational Course: How to solve problems without using money.

It's important how you earn your money, but it's more important how you spend your time, and how you spend your money. Saving money is not as important as solving the problem without money. Saving for your retirement, is like saying I want a home, food, water and energy, but I don't want to work for it.

"It's like no one is paying attention. We can't see what we have not learned to see. Our education institutions are failing to help people see the reality of our world. We are so blind and so ignorant, it's time to wake up."

"Using the word education is like using the word meat, what kind of meat, is it chicken, fish, or maggot filled road kill? You need to specify what you are teaching, and specify how important this knowledge is to the student, and to the world."

You know that schools, and what they are teaching, needs drastic improvements when 1 in 4 college women will be the victim of sexual assault during her academic career. Schools need to improve education. Sex Assaults.



Thesis - Dissertation - Essay - Academic Papers


Thesis is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings. In some contexts, the word "thesis" or a cognate is used for part of a bachelor's or master's course, while "Dissertation" is normally applied to a doctorate, while in other contexts, the reverse is true. The term graduate thesis is sometimes used to refer to both master's theses and doctoral dissertations. Dissertations and theses may be considered to be Grey Literature. The required complexity or quality of research of a thesis or dissertation can vary by country, university, or program, and the required minimum study period may thus vary significantly in duration. The word dissertation can at times be used to describe a treatise without relation to obtaining an academic degree. The term thesis is also used to refer to the general claim of an essay or similar work.

Dissertation - Writing Dissertations Help - Final Exam - Capstone Project

Essay is a piece of writing that gives the author's own argument — but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of an article, a pamphlet, and a short story. Essays have traditionally been sub-classified as formal and informal. Formal essays are characterized by "serious purpose, dignity, logical organization, length," whereas the informal essay is characterized by "the personal element (self-revelation, individual tastes and experiences, confidential manner), humor, graceful style, rambling structure, unconventionality or novelty of theme," etc. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays. Essay Tips - Research Paper Writing Tips.

Term Paper is a research paper written by students over an academic term, accounting for a large part of a grade. Term papers are generally intended to describe an event, a concept, or argue a point. A term paper is a written original work discussing a topic in detail, usually several typed pages in length and is often due at the end of a semester. Book Report.

A study at the University of Indiana found that “as many as 50% of academic papers are never read by anyone other than their authors, referees and journal editors.” That same study concluded that “some 90% of papers that have been published in academic journals are never cited." (Make reference to or Referred to for proof) That is, nine out of 10 academic papers—which both often take years to research, compile, submit, and get published, and are a major component by which a scholar’s output is measured—contribute little to the academic conversation. Even though the world spends $2.3 Trillion on research to produce around 2 million research articles every year, still today, about 90% of our science results are locked away behind expensive paywalls, not widely available to the public, companies and even many researchers themselves. This produces the biggest bottleneck in today’s knowledge economy and society, stifling innovation and slowing down solutions to some of the biggest challenges humanity faces today: diseases and climate change. “Imagine how we could accelerate innovation, stimulate economic growth and all the solutions we need to live on a healthy and sustainable planet, if we were to open up our science fully and allow a free flow of scientific knowledge.” On top of that, Corporations fund research and also help to make certain laws, which means bias and a conflict of interest, which makes research inaccurate or questionable, and laws unfair and criminal. Like controlling people with debt. Treason. - Open Science can save the planet | Kamila MARKRAM | TEDxBrussels (video).

Research Archives - Peer Reviews - Literature Review (critics)

Biorxiv is a free online archive and distribution service for unpublished preprints in the life sciences. By posting preprints on bioRxiv, authors are able to make their findings immediately available to the scientific community and receive feedback on draft manuscripts before they are submitted to journals.

Preprint is a version of a scholarly or scientific paper that precedes publication in a peer-reviewed scholarly or scientific journal. The preprint may be available, often as a non-typeset version available free, before and/or after a paper is published in a journal.

A Post-Publication Review and Assessment In Science Experiment - APPRAISE

Academic Publishing is the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship. Most academic work is published in academic journal article, book or thesis form. The part of academic written output that is not formally published but merely printed up or posted on the Internet is often called "grey literature". Most scientific and scholarly journals, and many academic and scholarly books, though not all, are based on some form of peer review or editorial refereeing to qualify texts for publication. Peer review quality and selectivity standards vary greatly from journal to journal, publisher to publisher, and field to field. Document Writing Standards.

Academic Journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published. Academic journals serve as forums for the introduction and presentation for scrutiny of new research, and the critique of existing research. They are usually peer-reviewed or refereed. Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews. The purpose of an academic journal is to give researchers a venue to "impart their knowledge to one another, and contribute what they can to the Grand design of improving natural knowledge, and perfecting all Philosophical Arts, and Sciences.

Proceedings are the collection of academic papers published in the context of an academic conference. They are usually distributed as printed volumes or in electronic form either before the conference opens or after it has closed. Proceedings contain the contributions made by researchers at the conference. They are the written record of the work that is presented to fellow researchers. They may be considered as grey literature. Grey Literature.

"Student research papers are more about psychological profiling students then it is about measuring their performance. Universities just want to confirm that a students world view is distorted and that they conform to the quasi reality that a dysfunctional education has created for them."

A Research Guide - Research Archives - Shawn Davis Writes

Essay Mill is a business that allows customers to commission an original piece of writing on a particular topic so that they may commit academic fraud. Customers provide the company with specific information about the essay, including: a page length, a general topic, and a time frame with which to work. The customer is then charged a certain amount per page. The similar essay bank concept is a company from which students can purchase pre-written but less expensive essays on various topics, at higher risk of being caught. Both forms of business are under varying legal restraints in some jurisdictions. Plagiarism.

Fast Essay Writing Service - Have someone else write your essay, speech, report or presentation.

Writing Tips (basic) - Document Writing Standards

Treatise is a formal and systematic written discourse on some subject, generally longer and treating it in greater depth than an essay, and more concerned with investigating or exposing the principles of the subject.

Academic Authorship of journal articles, books, and other original works is a means by which academics communicate the results of their scholarly work, establish priority for their discoveries, and build their reputation among their peers. Authorship is a primary basis that employers use to evaluate academic personnel for employment, promotion, and tenure. In academic publishing, authorship of a work is claimed by those making intellectual contributions to the completion of the research described in the work. In simple cases, a solitary scholar carries out a research project and writes the subsequent article or book. In many disciplines, however, collaboration is the norm and issues of authorship can be controversial. In these contexts, authorship can encompass activities other than writing the article; a researcher who comes up with an experimental design and analyzes the data may be considered an author, even if she or he had little role in composing the text describing the results. According to some standards, even writing the entire article would not constitute authorship unless the writer was also involved in at least one other phase of the project. Plagiarism.

Too much science is done behind closed doors because researchers fear that people will steal their ideas and cause them to not get the recognition and the compensation for their work, which is a real concern that is understandable. We need to fix this.

Book Types - Theses - Dissertations

Digital Library of Academic Journals, Books, and Primary Sources

Sponsored Research - Corporate Funded Research - Government Funded Research  

Funding of Science is a term generally covering any funding for scientific research, in the areas of both "hard" science and technology and social science. The term often connotes funding obtained through a competitive process, in which potential research projects are evaluated and only the most promising receive funding. Such processes, which are run by government, corporations or foundations, allocate scarce funds. Most research funding comes from two major sources, corporations (through research and development departments) and government (primarily carried out through universities and specialized government agencies; often known as research councils). Some small amounts of scientific research are carried out (or funded) by charitable foundations, especially in relation to developing cures for diseases such as cancer, malaria and AIDS. According to OECD, around two-thirds of research and development in scientific and technical fields is carried out by industries, and 20% and 10% respectively by universities and government. Bias in Research.

Public Funds Investment Act - Texas - Public Finance Management Act.

Academic Tenure is a privileged position with the principle of academic freedom, which holds that it is beneficial for state, society and academy in the long run if scholars are free to examine, hold, and advance controversial views without fear of dismissal from their jobs. Some have argued that modern tenure systems actually diminish academic freedom, forcing those seeking tenured positions to profess conformance to the same views (political and academic) as those awarding the tenured professorships.

Science Hub is a Repository of over 48 Million Scientific Academic Papers and Articles. Sci-Hub (wiki) 

A Pirate Bay for Science

Academic Paper that every student needs to write before graduating: (4 Questions) - What do you think about the world so far?  What things in the world do you think needs to be improved? Why? How? Capstone Projects.

Bibliographic Database is a database of bibliographic records, an organized digital collection of references to published literature, including journal and newspaper articles, conference proceedings, reports, government and legal publications, patents, books, etc. In contrast to library catalogue entries, a large proportion of the bibliographic records in bibliographic databases describe articles, conference papers, etc., rather than complete monographs, and they generally contain very rich subject descriptions in the form of keywords, subject classification terms, or abstracts.

Research - Studies - Research Papers - Doctoral Dissertations - Conference Presentations

Each year academia churns out thousands of pieces of research on education. And for many of them, that's the end of it. They gather dust in the university library or languish in some forgotten corner of the Internet. A few, though, find their way into the hands of teachers, principals and policymakers. Each year the American Educational Research Association puts out a list of its 10 most-read articles. The most disturbing thing about education research is that in order for the research to be excepted, the research has to follow strict rules and guidelines, but education itself in our schools does not follow any proven methods or rules or guidelines, things that would prove that the school is using the highest quality education in the most effective and efficient ways possible.

Education 'experts' cited in news stories may lack expertise, study finds

Clinical Trials Not Being Reported - Research Sources - Research Flaws

Pub Peer online journal club community with a database of published scientific articles with discussions and comments to help improved transparency and reduce science research fraud. 


Summarize - Brief Descriptions


Outline is to roughly or briefly describe or give the main points or summary of a subject. Reference.

Summary is a brief statement or account of the main points of something, without simplifying or generalizing.

Summation the process of summing something up. The process of adding things together.

Summing Up is a restatement of the main points of an argument, case, etc.

Gist is the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work. The choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience. Sayings - Proverbs.

Abstract as a summary is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose. When used, an abstract always appears at the beginning of a manuscript or typescript, acting as the point-of-entry for any given academic paper or patent application. Abstracting and indexing services for various academic disciplines are aimed at compiling a body of literature for that particular subject. The terms précis or synopsis are used in some publications to refer to the same thing that other publications might call an "abstract". In management reports, an executive summary usually contains more information (and often more sensitive information) than the abstract does.

Executive Summary is a short document or section of a document, produced for business purposes, that summarizes a longer report or proposal or a group of related reports in such a way that readers can rapidly become acquainted with a large body of material without having to read it all. It usually contains a brief statement of the problem or proposal covered in the major document(s), background information, concise analysis and main conclusions. It is intended as an aid to decision-making by managers and has been described as the most important part of a business plan. Briefing.

Recap is to state again as a summary or a summary of what has been said earlier. Recap is short for recapitulation.

Recapitulation is a summary at the end that repeats the substance of a longer discussion. Recapitulation in music is the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) in which musical themes that were introduced earlier are repeated. The repetition of themes introduced earlier (especially when one is composing the final part of a movement). Recapitulation can also mean an emergence during embryonic development of various characters or structures that appeared during the evolutionary history of the strain or species.

Condense to make more concise and become more compact or concentrated. Distilling - Substance.

Digest is a compilation or summary of material or information. Something that is digestible and easily consumed.

Essay Writing - Document Writing.

Automatic Summarization is the process of reducing a text document with a computer program in order to create a summary that retains the most important points of the original document.

Blinkist or Blinks Labs GmbH, is a book-summarizing subscription service based in Berlin, Germany. It was founded in 2012. It has about seven million users. The service provides summaries of more than 2,500 bestselling non-fiction books, 15-minute reads, otherwise known as blinks or book-in-blinks.



Negative Feedback from Students about their Teachers and Professors.


"Avoid this dude. He is far too emotional to be a professor at ANY university. He has good intentions but just is a weird guy that spits a lot."

"By far the most boring person I have ever heard speak in my whole life. He did not teach me a single thing all semester, his slides are useless as well as his lectures."

"Very odd professor, but really not as bad a teacher as everybody else would lead you to believe. The real reason why you shouldn't take this class is the smell. It's like he bathes with urinal cakes. If you can't get out of his class, sit in the back."

"There is no hope, all hope is lost. My friend and I both dropped this class after two classes because she thinks she knows everything. She's rude and pushes all her beliefs upon students. Her vain personality is ugly and despicable; her class left me with a bad taste in my mouth. Her negativity was intolerable."

"If you can avoid him, do...at all costs. You not only come to hate him as a teacher, but from the stories he tells you about his past, you start to loathe him as a person."

"HE IS THE WORST BY FAR!! Completely destroyed my freshman year experience."

"She finds it enjoyable to insult her students."

"This professor is NOT ok. Doesn't explain material at all and doesn't care about the welfare of his students."

"Worst Econ professor. They put a senile old man in charge of the technology class. That should tip you off how backwards this department is."

"Never hated a professor so much in my life. Don't take him or you will regret it."

"I'm surprised he hasn't been asked to leave. Teach yourself physics."

"He is possibly one of the WORST teachers in the history of the universe."

"Very tough grader, little senile, does not hold office hours and generally seems very confused about everything. For the sake of sanity do not take him."

"This professor is the most miserable professor I’ve ever come across in my three years of college. This man thinks America and college students are spiraling down the drain."

"Probably the worst teacher I've ever had. He's a math professor and he can't even do simple arithmetic. He's basically deaf so half the class is yelling the numbers at him until he writes the correct one on the board."

"Very adorable old dude and he is an extremely easy professor. He often makes mistakes and doesn't realize them. However, if you have never taken pre-calc before then don't take him because he assumes you understand all the subject matter."

"Nice guy but such a bad explainer. I literally have no clue what he talks about."

"This woman is by far the worst teacher I have ever had in my life. When others have asked her to slow down, she has blatantly said no."

"Horrible! Do NOT take him! Let's just say from a class of 30, there were only about 12 of us who did not drop the course. STAY AWAY!"

"Despite this professor’s cute appearance and totally awesome accent, this class totally sucked."

"You'll fail every test and not know why."

"This guy loves the sound of his own voice and confusing the crap out of you. No matter what you say, you are wrong, even when you agree with him. For the love of God, don't take this class."

"Avoid this professor like the plague."

"Very nasty professor. She seems to be mad at the world. She needs to be fired!"

"Extremely impatient, rude. She makes you feel like a moron for asking a question. I simply do not like her!!"

"Another Professor hiding from the real world and does not care about interesting students in her class or willingness to teach."

"If you want to torture yourself take this class."

"He is practically blind so I don't understand how he can grade our papers. Isn't there a mandatory retirement age at CCSU?"

"If you're reading this comment after you registered for her class you have just made the worst decision of your CCSU attendance. I have had plenty of professors at this school and none are even close to how horrible she is. She is mentally unstable."

"DO NOT TAKE HIM. When asking questions about the subject, he will response with a "What are you, stupid?" kind of answer."

"You can tell he hates his job and takes it out on his students."

"Awful professor. Worst professor I have ever met. I have never seen a professor act so rudely and hostile. Very annoying. Unprofessional in the classroom, rude comments directed towards students, confusing, changes syllabus and due dates multiple times (adding/changing assignments), disorganized, rude in email communication. Avoid."


These comments reveal ignorance on both sides. But I'm sure if students explained more about the particular difficulties and experiences that they had, and if teachers and professors explained more about their particular teaching methods and behaviors, we could easily make improvements in every classroom learning environment, which would benefit everyone.

Negative Feedback - Knowing some of the reasons behind why half the students drop out of college is just the beginning.

Rate My Professors - Classroom Management


Photo Below shows Students Browsing History that was recorded during Class time, which shows lack of focus and lack of purpose. This goes beyond Boredom. This shows how ineffective schools are. You are better off homeschooling yourself, but that's only if you have focus, discipline, good planning and access to the worlds most valuable knowledge and information.
What Students do with laptops during a Class Time


The Power to Learn is within Everyone, Everyone has the Power to Learn.

Two women and a young man using a Hope PC Laptop Computer



Previous Subject Up Top Page Next Subject



The Thinker Man