Robots - Robotics - Autonomous Machines
Advancements in Robotics and Robots
is a device consisting of a piece of
that has moving
parts that perform some function.
that can be
Half Man Half
is a moving
made in imitation
of a human being. A machine that performs a function
according to a predetermined
set of coded instructions
, especially one
capable of a range of programmed
responses to different circumstances.
, or a
mechanism designed to follow automatically a predetermined sequence of
operations, or respond to predetermined instructions. Some automata, such
as bellstrikers in mechanical clocks, are designed to give the
to the casual observer that they are operating under their own
a constructed replication
of something that uses Robotics for the purpose
something else or achieving a task. Robots can be guided by
an external control device or the
may be embedded within. Robots
may be constructed to take on human form but most robots are machines
designed to perform a task with no regard to how they look.
Robots don't take Jobs
- Three Laws of Robotics
refers to the use of robotic devices to emulate a human
or an animal, or bring lifelike characteristics to an otherwise inanimate
object. A robot designed to be a convincing imitation of a human is more
specifically labeled as an android
animatronics have found widespread applications in
movie special effects
parks and have, since their inception, been primarily used as a spectacle
of amusement. Animatronics is a multi-disciplinary field which integrates
puppetry resulting in lifelike animation. Animatronic figures are often
powered by pneumatics
by electrical means, and can be implemented using both
. Motion actuators are often used to imitate muscle
movements and create realistic motions in limbs. Figures are covered with
body shells and flexible skins made of hard and soft plastic materials and
finished with details like colors, hair and feathers and other components
to make the figure more life like.
that has an appearance
without actually being one. The earliest recorded use of the term, in
1870, referred to indigenous peoples in areas colonized by Europeans. By
the 20th century, the term came to describe fossils which were
morphologically similar, but not identical, to those of the human
is a robot with its body shape
built to resemble the human body
design may be for functional purposes, such as interacting with human
tools and environments, for experimental purposes, such as the study of
, or for other purposes. In general, humanoid robots
have a torso, a head, two arms, and two legs, though some forms of
humanoid robots may model only part of the body, for example, from the
waist up. Some humanoid robots also have heads designed to replicate human
facial features such as eyes and mouths.Androids
are humanoid robots
built to aesthetically resemble humans.
is a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to
look and act like a human, especially one with a body having a flesh-like
resemblance. Historically, androids remained completely within the domain
of science fiction where they are frequently seen in film and television.
Only recently have advancements in robot technology allowed the design of
functional and realistic humanoid robots.
Human Operating System
is a hypothesized relationship between the degree of an object's
resemblance to a human being and the emotional response to such an object.
The concept suggests that humanoid objects which imperfectly resemble
actual human beings provoke uncanny or strangely familiar feelings of
eeriness and revulsion in observers. "Valley" denotes a dip in the human
observer's affinity for the replica, a relation that otherwise increases
with the replica's human likeness.
Health Industry Robotics
uses robotic systems to aid in
Robotically-assisted surgery was developed to overcome the limitations of
pre-existing minimally-invasive surgical procedures and to enhance the
capabilities of surgeons performing open surgery.
with Virtual Reality
surgical concept and set of methods, that use computer technology for
surgical planning, and for guiding or performing surgical interventions.
CAS is also known as computer-aided surgery, computer-assisted
intervention, image-guided surgery and surgical navigation, but these are
terms that are more or less synonymous with CAS. CAS has been a leading
factor in the development of robotic surgery.
Da Vinci Surgical Robot
is a robotic
surgical system made by the American company Intuitive Surgical. Approved
by the Food and Drug Administration
(FDA) in 2000, it is designed to
facilitate complex surgery using a minimally invasive approach, and is
controlled by a surgeon
from a console. The system is commonly used for
prostatectomies, and increasingly for cardiac valve repair and gynecologic
Medical Device Warnings
is the use of telecommunication and information technology to provide
clinical health care from a distance. It helps eliminate distance barriers
and can improve access to medical services that would often not be
consistently available in distant rural communities. It is also used to
save lives in critical care and emergency situations.
Virtual Patient is used to describe
simulations used in health care education. The special focus is
targeted on the simulation of clinical processes with virtual patients.
Virtual patients combine scientific excellence, modern technologies and
the innovative concept of game-based learning. Virtual patients allow the
learner to take the role of a health care professional and develop
clinical skills such as making diagnoses and therapeutic decisions.
Virtual patients have also been considered computer-based simulations
designed to complement clinical training. The use of virtual patient
programmes is increasing in healthcare, partly in response to increasing
demands on health care professionals and education of students but also
because they allow opportunity for students to practice in a safe
environment There are many different formats a virtual patient may take.
However the overarching principle is that of interactivity - a virtual
patient will have mechanisms for the learner to interact with the case and
material or information is made available to the learner as they complete
a range of learning activities. The interactivity is non-sequential.
- Remote Services.
is the use of virtual reality technology,
of machinery or for apparent participation
in distant events. A sensation of being elsewhere, created by the use of
virtual reality technology.
indicates operation of a system or the electronic remote
control of machine at a distance. It is similar in meaning to the phrase "remote
" but is usually encountered in research, academic and
technical environments. It is most commonly associated with robotics and
mobile robots but can be applied to a whole range of circumstances in
which a device or machine is operated by a person from a distance
term teleoperation is in use in research and technical communities as a
standard term for referring to operation at a distance. This is as opposed
to telepresence which is a less standard term and might refer to a whole
range of existence or interaction that include a remote connotation.
is a command sent to control a remote system or systems
not directly connected (e.g. via wires) to the place from which the
telecommand is sent. Telerobotics
Robotic Arm for Extremity Amputations
calls anywhere) -
How Augmented Reality could change the future of Surgery - Nadine Hachach-Haram
at TED Women 2017
(video and text)
Lifelike simulations that make real-life surgery safer: Peter Weinstock
(video and interactive text)
patient's pre-procedural CT scans into
radiologist can virtually move and examine while wearing virtual
reality-type glasses. By allowing the operator to manipulate routine,
two-dimensional images in an open three-dimensional space, VR provides a
look into a patients' organs and tissues that had not been possible
outside of the human body, until now. As a result, the operator is armed
with a deeper and intuitive understanding of spatial relationships, such
as between an aneurysm and the surrounding arteries.
is a 360-degree virtual reality reconstruction of the
Sound Waves Levitate multiple objects
perform a range of medical procedures all without touching the patient
using a specialized array of mini-speakers to create an intricate sound
field that 'traps' and manipulates selected objects in 'acoustic
' for manipulation within tissue.
Robotic Implants spur Tissue Regeneration inside the Body
pull stimulates stunted hollow organs to grow, which could help treat
defects like esophageal atresia and short bowel syndrome. An implanted,
programmable medical robot can gradually lengthen tubular organs by
applying traction forces -- stimulating tissue growth in stunted organs
without interfering with organ function or causing apparent discomfort. (mechanostimulation).
Robot therapist Manipulative Massage Automation a single,
6-axis robotic arm capable of highly articulated movements
Application of See One, Do One, Teach One Concept in Surgical Training
The traditional method of teaching in Surgery is known as “See
, Do One
.” However, many have argued that this method is no longer
applicable mainly because of concerns for patient safety. Studies have
shown that Learning is
most efficient when learners are actively involved either physically or
mentally in the learning process
. This can be accomplished by writing
notes or drawing diagrams while studying, asking residents appropriate
questions, and engaging residents in surgery. The
is greater the more
and active a
learning activity is. Accordingly, only 5% of information is retained when
it is learned in a lecture format.
Innovative surgical simulator is a significant advance in training trauma
. Simulators have long been used for training surgeons and
surgical teams, but traditional simulator platforms typically have a
built-in limitation: they often simulate one or a limited number of
conditions that require performance of isolated tasks, such as placing an
intravenous catheter, instead of simulating and providing opportunities
for feedback on the performance of multiple interventions that a trauma
victim may require at the same time. To overcome this limitation, the
(AMM), an innovative simulation platform that allows
integration of other simulation devices, was developed and field testing
was conducted, with support from the Department of Defense (DoD).
Adapting laboratory techniques for remote instruction
to teach students how to use micropipettes,
through remote learning
using at-home kits.
Disaster Relief Robots
is a robot that has been designed for the purpose of rescuing people.
Common situations that employ rescue robots are mining accidents,
, hostage situations, and explosions. The benefits of rescue
robots to these operations include reduced personnel requirements, reduced
fatigue, and access to otherwise unreachable areas. Rescue robots in
development are being made with abilities such as searching,
reconnaissance and mapping, removing or shoring up rubble,
, medical treatment, and evacuation of casualties. Even with all
these ideas coming about there are still some technical challenges that
remain. Robin Murphy, a professor of computer science and engineering,
says that “Real disasters are infrequent, and every one is different. The
robots never get used exactly the way you think they will, and they keep
uncovering new bottlenecks and problems. So it’s an emerging technology.”
There are three main levels of challenges. First, the information
processing of the robot. Second, the mobility of the robot. Third, the
manipulation of the robot. Bringing these robots into real-world use and
being able to utilize them in all situations is so close to becoming a
reality. “We're just inches away” Murphy says, “a lot of software is just
waiting for the hardware to catch up”.
Rescue Robot League
is an international competition
for urban search and rescue robots, in
which robots compete to find victims in a simulated earthquake
environment. The rescue robot league is run alongside Robocup Rescue
Simulation, as part of the RoboCup robot competition. Robots perform 20
minute search and rescue missions in a test arena measuring approximately
10m by 6m, which features a number of obstacle zones designed to challenge
autonomous operation, mobility during tele-operation, and object
manipulation. Points are allocated based on the number of victims found,
the detail with which victims were detected, and the quality with which
the arena has been mapped.
The Robotics Challenge
Robots for Humanity
4WD 100mm Mecanum
Wheel Learning Arduino Kit C009
Robot Can Move In Every Direction
Without Turning Its Wheel.
Flying Machines - Drones
(types, rules and regulations) -
Drone n Base: Race & Battle Drones at Home
Eyes in the Sky
(Environmental Monitoring using Drones)
the area of robotics concerned with the control of
from a distance, chiefly using Wireless network (like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth,
the Deep Space Network, and similar) or tethered connections. It is a
combination of two major subfields, Teleoperation
Underwater Inspection Robots
(scuba) - Oceans
Robotic Ultra-Precise Weed Control
(youtube) You can turn weed
killing and pest control into a video game that anyone can play from
around the world.
is a robot system used for
Industrial robots are automated, programmable and capable of movement on
two or more axes. Typical applications of robots include welding,
painting, assembly, pick and place for printed circuit boards, packaging
and labeling, palletizing, product inspection, and testing; all
accomplished with high endurance, speed, and precision. They can help in
material handling and provide
is the act of using robots in biology or chemistry labs. For example,
pharmaceutical companies employ robots to move biological or chemical
samples around to synthesize novel chemical entities or to test
pharmaceutical value of existing chemical matter. Advanced laboratory
robotics can be used to completely automate the process of science, as in
Robotic Process Automation
is an emerging form of business process
based on the notion of software robots or artificial
intelligence (AI) workers. In traditional workflow automation tools, a
produces a list of actions to automate a task and interface to the
back-end system using internal
(APIs) or dedicated scripting language. In
contrast, RPA systems develop the action list by watching the user perform
that task in the application's
(GUI), and then perform the automation by repeating those
tasks directly in the GUI. This can lower the barrier to use of automation
in products that might not otherwise feature APIs for this purpose. RPA
tools have strong technical similarities to graphical user interface
testing tools. These tools also automate interactions with the GUI, and
often do so by repeating a set of demonstration actions performed by a
user. RPA tools differ from such systems including features that allow
data to be handled in and between multiple applications, for instance,
receiving email containing an invoice, extracting the data, and then
typing that into a bookkeeping system.
Programming by Demonstration
is an end-user development technique for
teaching a computer or a robot new behaviors by
demonstrating the task
to transfer directly instead of programming it through machine commands.
- 3D Printing
fields of cybernetics, bionics and even genetic engineering as a
is used for exploring regulatory systems—their structures,
constraints, and possibilities. Norbert Wiener defined cybernetics in 1948
as "the scientific study of control and communication in the animal and
the machine. Universal
Collision Avoidance Using the Reflexxes Motion Libraries
Artificial Robot Nervous System to Teach Robots How to Feel Pain
Madeline the Robot Tamer
is a gesture-based control software that gives industrial robots
basic spatial behaviors for interacting closely with people.
How to Tame Your Robot
Robotnik Summit XL
OMNI - Mecanum Wheels | Омни боты
Get a Grip with
(youtube) Soft Robotic Gripper
- Berkeley's leaping robot (youtube)
sorts 200,000 packages a day in Chinese warehouse. (youtube)
Manufacturing automation platform enables its clients to design, program,
order and commission automated equipment directly. We enable engineers and
manufacturing professionals to design, order and assemble custom
industrial equipment in just a few days. Design Your Machine Today. Deploy
It Tomorrow. Powerful tools to help you design.
Association for Computing Machinery
Artificial Muscles give soft Robots Superpowers
muscles are both soft and strong, and can be made for less than $1.
Origami-inspired artificial muscles are capable of lifting up to 1,000
times their own weight, simply by applying air or water pressure powered
by a vacuum. They can generate about six times more force per unit area
than mammalian skeletal muscle can and are also incredibly lightweight
(water-soluble polymer PVA); a 2.6-gram muscle can lift a 3-kilogram
object, muscles is that they're programmable and soft actuators are highly scalable.
Bionics - Electronic Physiological Functions
is the application of
and systems found in nature to the study and design
of engineering systems
and modern technology.
covers the fields of cybernetics, bionics and even genetic engineering.
is a wearable mobile machine that is powered by a system
of electric motors, pneumatics, levers, hydraulics, or a combination of
technologies that allow for limb movement with increased strength and
is the external skeleton that supports and protects an
animal's body, in contrast to the internal skeleton (endoskeleton) of, for
example, a human. In usage, some of the larger kinds of exoskeletons are
known as "shells". Examples of animals with exoskeletons include insects
such as grasshoppers and cockroaches, and crustaceans such as crabs and
lobsters. The shells of certain sponges and the various groups of shelled
molluscs, including those of snails, clams, tusk shells, chitons and
nautilus, are also exoskeletons. Some animals, such as the tortoise, have
both an endoskeleton and an exoskeleton.
Hybrid Assistive Limb
is a powered exoskeleton suit designed
to support and expand the physical capabilities of its users, particularly
people with physical disabilities. There are two primary versions of the
system: HAL 3, which only provides leg function, and HAL 5, which is a
full-body exoskeleton for the arms, legs, and torso.
is the specific subfield of robotics dealing with
constructing robots from highly compliant materials, similar to those
found in living organisms. Soft robotics draws heavily from the way in
which living organisms move and adapt to their surroundings. In contrast
to robots built from rigid materials, soft robots allow for increased
flexibility and adaptability for accomplishing tasks, as well as improved
safety when working around humans. These characteristics allow for its
potential use in the fields of medicine and manufacturing.
Dynamic Hydrogel used to make 'Soft Robot' components and LEGO-like
. A new type of hydrogel material could soon make
assembling complex microfluidic or soft robotic devices as simple as
putting together a LEGO set. Using a new type of dual
of responding dynamically to its environment, Brown University researchers
have developed a set of modular hydrogel components that could be useful
in a variety of "soft robotic" and biomedical applications. The
components, which are patterned by a
, are capable of
bending, twisting or sticking together in response to treatment with
certain chemicals.Robotic Skins
are made of elastic sheets embedded with
and remotely operated actuators, which work together to create the
turn everyday objects into Robots
Soft Robotic Muscles Created by CU Engineering Researchers
Liquefied Soft Artificial Muscle Electrically Activated to Mimic the
Expansion and Contraction of Natural Muscles.
Better understanding of soft artificial muscles
. Research sheds light
on the underlying mechanics of soft filaments.
Peano-HASEL Actuators: Muscle-Mimetic, Electrohydraulic Transducers that
Linearly Contract on Activation
. Hydraulically Amplified
Self-Healing Electrostatic (HASEL).
Amputees Merge with their Bionic Leg
. A smart artificial hand for
amputees merges user and robotic control. Scientists from a European
consortium led by Swiss Institutions, ETH Zurich and EPFL spin-off SensArs
Neuroprosthetics, with clinical trials in collaboration with institutions
in Belgrade, Serbia, successfully characterized and implemented bionic leg
technology with three amputees.
is a technical term used in robotics and
to describe mechanical systems that cannot be commanded to
follow arbitrary trajectories
configuration space. This condition can occur for a number of reasons, the
simplest of which is when the system has a lower number of actuators than
degrees of freedom. In this case, the system is said to be trivially
underactuated. The class of underactuated mechanical systems is very rich
and includes such diverse members as automobiles, airplanes, and even
Allen Zderad, uses Bionic
Eye to see
How insects activate muscles to adapt to limbs removed
explains why insects spread so widely and why they are the most abundant
animal group on earth. Insects exhibit resilient and flexible locomotion,
even with drastic changes
in their body structure such as losing a limb.
Patient controls Prosthesis with own Thoughts
. Radboud university
medical center connects first click-on arm prosthesis to nerves.
Amputees can Learn to Control a Robotic arm with their Minds through
Electrodes Implanted in the Brain
The Force is Strong: Amputee Controls Individual Prosthetic Fingers
Luke Skywalker’s bionic hand made possible by ultrasound technology.
The First Dexterous and Sentient Hand Prosthesis has been successfully
. A Swedish patient with hand amputation has become the first
recipient of an osseo-neuromuscular implant to control a dexterous hand
prosthesis. In a pioneering surgery, titanium implants were placed in the
two forearm bones (radius and ulnar), from which electrodes to nerves and
muscle were extended to extract signals to control a robotic hand and to
provide tactile sensations. This makes it the first clinically viable,
dexterous and sentient prosthetic hand usable in real life.
This touchy-feely glove senses and maps tactile stimuli
. The design
could help restore motor function after stroke, enhance virtual gaming
experiences. The team has designed a new touch-sensing glove that can
"feel" pressure and other tactile stimuli. The inside of the glove is
threaded with a system of sensors that detects, measures, and maps small
changes in pressure across the glove. The individual sensors are highly
attuned and can pick up very weak vibrations across the skin, such as from
a person's pulse.
Mobility for Stroke Victims.
Brain Computer Interfaces
(implants) - Hearing Aids
is a medical device company developing neuro-rehabilitation solutions that
utilize a patient’s own brain activity to facilitate motor recovery.
is a combined study of
and artificial intelligence
Artificial Skin with Solar Cells could Power Prosthetics
creates graphene skin that's more sensitive than our own.
The Six Million Dollar Man
is an American science fiction
series in 1973
about a former astronaut who was given superhuman strength
due to bionic implants. A spin-off television series,
The Bionic Woman
, featuring the lead female character
ran from 1976 to 1978.
Advanced Artificial Limbs Mapped in the Brain
. Neuroprosthetics have
used functional MRI to show how the brain re-maps motor and sensory
pathways following targeted motor and sensory reinnervation (TMSR), a
neuroprosthetic approach where residual limb nerves are rerouted towards
intact muscles and skin regions to control a robotic limb.
or neural prostheses, are sometimes contrasted with a
brain–computer interface, which connects the brain to a computer
rather than a device meant to replace missing biological functionality.
Neural prostheses are a series of devices that can substitute a motor,
modality that might have been damaged as a result of an injury or a
is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part,
which may be lost through trauma, disease, or congenital conditions.
Prostheses are intended to restore the normal functions of the missing
body part. Amputee rehabilitation is primarily coordinated by a
physiatrist as part of an inter-disciplinary team consisting of
physiatrists, prosthetists, nurses, physical therapists, and occupational
therapists. Prostheses can be created by hand or with computer-aided
design (CAD), a software interface that helps creators design and analyze
the creation with computer-generated 2-D and 3-D graphics as well as
analysis and optimization tools.
Open Bionics 3d Printed Prosthetic Limbs
Exoskeleton therapy improves mobility, cognition and brain connectivity in
people with MS
. A team of multiple sclerosis (MS) experts led a pilot
randomized controlled trial of robotic-exoskeleton assisted exercise
rehabilitation (REAER) effects on mobility, cognition, and brain
connectivity in people with substantial MS-related disability. Their
results showed that REAER is likely an effective intervention, and is a
promising therapy for improving the lives of those with MS.
externally applied device used to modify the structural and
functional characteristics of the neuromuscular and skeletal system. An
orthosis may be used to Control, guide, limit and/or immobilize an
extremity, joint or body segment for a particular reason, Restrict
movement in a given direction. Assist movement generally. Reduce weight
bearing forces for a particular purpose. Aid rehabilitation from fractures
after the removal of a cast. Otherwise correct the shape and/or function
of the body, to provide easier movement capability or reduce pain.
Artificial Muscles power up with new Gel-Based Robotics
Wearable Computing Ring Allows Users to Write Words and Numbers with Thumb
Technology provides eyes-free way to interact with smart devices.
UCLA scientists make Cells that enable the Sense of Touch
are the first to create sensory
A Prosthetic that Restores the Sense of where your Hand is
Researchers have developed a next-generation bionic hand that allows
amputees to regain their proprioception. The results of the study are the
culmination of ten years of robotics research.
Mind-Controlled Arm Prostheses
Amart Artificial Hand for Amputees merges user and robotic control
Scientists have successfully tested new neuroprosthetic technology that
combines robotic control with users' voluntary control, opening avenues in
the new interdisciplinary field of shared control for
Even after long-term exposure, bionic touch does not remap the brain
A new study by neuroscientists demonstrates that the
brain does not remap itself
even with long-term bionic limb use, posing challenges for the development
of realistic prosthetic limbs.
Seeing through a Robot's Eyes helps those with profound Motor Impairments
An interface system that uses
could help individuals with profound motor impairments
operate a humanoid robot to feed themselves and perform routine personal
care tasks such as scratching an itch and applying skin lotion. The
displays a 'robot's eye view
of surroundings to help users interact with the world through the machine.
Highly sensitive sensors show promise in enhancing human touch
Ultrathin crack-based sensors operate on a principle similar to a spider's
sense organ and display remarkable sensitivity to movement. People rely on
a highly tuned sense of touch to manipulate objects, but injuries to the
skin and the simple act of wearing
can impair this
ability. Surgeons, for example, find that gloves decrease their ability to
manipulate soft tissues. Astronauts are also hampered by heavy spacesuits
and find it difficult to work with equipment while wearing heavy gloves.
Mind-Controlled Arm Prostheses that 'feel' are now a part of everyday life
Our study shows that a prosthetic hand, attached to the bone and
controlled by electrodes implanted in nerves and muscles, can operate much
more precisely than conventional prosthetic hands. We further improved the
use of the prosthesis by integrating tactile sensory feedback that the
patients use to mediate how hard to grab or squeeze an object. Over time,
the ability of the patients to discern smaller changes in the intensity of
sensations has improved. The new concept of a neuromusculoskeletal
prosthesis is unique in that it delivers several different features which
have not been presented together in any other prosthetic technology in the
world: It has a direct connection to a person's nerves, muscles, and
skeleton. It is mind-controlled and delivers sensations that are perceived
by the user as arising from the missing hand. It is self-contained; all
electronics needed are contained within the prosthesis, so patients do not
need to carry additional equipment or batteries. It is safe and stable in
the long term; the technology has been used without interruption by
patients during their everyday activities, without supervision from the
researchers, and it is not restricted to confined or controlled
Virtual Reality Reduces Phantom Pain in Paraplegics
Tech makes it possible to digitally communicate through human touch
Researchers have developed the first technology capable of sending digital
information, such as a photo or password, by touching a surface with your
finger. Instead of inserting a card or scanning a smartphone to make a
payment, what if you could simply touch the machine with your finger? A
prototype developed by Purdue University engineers would essentially let
your body act as the link between your card or smartphone and the reader
or scanner, making it possible for you to transmit information just by
touching a surface.
Versatile new material family could build realistic prosthetics,
futuristic army platforms
. Researchers have developed a new family of
polymers that can self-heal, have shape memory and are recyclable.
Nature's blueprint for the human limb is a carefully layered structure
with stiff bone wrapped in layers of different soft tissue, like muscle
and skin, all bound to each other perfectly. Achieving this kind of
sophistication using synthetic materials to build biologically inspired
robotic parts or multicomponent, complex machines has been an engineering
Robots sense human touch using camera and shadows
. Researchers have
created a low-cost method for soft, deformable robots to detect a range of
physical interactions, from pats to punches to hugs, without relying on
touch at all. Instead, a USB camera located inside the robot captures the
shadow movements of hand gestures on the robot's skin and classifies them
with machine-learning software.
Robotic 'Third Thumb' use can alter brain representation of the hand
A brain-computer interface that evokes tactile sensations improves robotic
. Robotic arm provides tactile feedback directly to the
man's brain as he uses his thoughts to control the device
, a team reports
Thursday in the journal Science.
Slender robotic finger senses buried items
. The technology uses
tactile sensing to identify objects underground, and might one day help
disarm land mines or inspect cables. Researchers developed a 'Digger
' robot that digs through granular material, like sand and
gravel, and senses the shapes of buried objects. The technology could aid
in disarming buried bombs or inspecting underground cables.
The powerhouse future is flexoelectric
. 'Giant flexoelectricity'
breakthrough in soft elastomers paves way for improved robots and
self-powered pacemakers. Researchers have demonstrated "giant
flexoelectricity" in soft elastomers that could improve robot movement
range and make
a real possibility.
is a person who designs
robots. Since robotics is a highly interdisciplinary field, roboticists
often have backgrounds in a number of disciplines including
, mechanical engineering
, electrical engineering,
and interaction design. Roboticists often work
for university, industry, and government research labs, but may also work
for startup companies and other entrepreneurial firms. Amateur Robotics is
also a growing hobby all over the world.
we support the development, distribution, and adoption of open software
and hardware for use in robotics research, education, and product
Locorobo-Master Programming Robotics
µTug: Micro robot pulls
2000 times its
weight on glass
Robotics design Kit.
that is also a programming platform.
and Automation (ICRA 2014)
Another great reason why we need to improve education
is to make sure that students learn about
relationships and interactions that we have with machines,
Grade-school students teach a robot to help themselves learn geometry
Lost in Space STS-117 B9 Robot Presentation Video
(rock-paper-scissors) Robot with 100% winning rate
(body smart)Engineering Machines
Technology Apps and Accessories
The Media Equation
is a general communication theory that claims that
people tend to treat computers and other media as if they were either real
people or real places. The effects of this phenomenon on people
experiencing these media are often profound, leading them to behave and to
respond to these experiences in unexpected ways, most of which they are
The Robotics Challenge
MIT Zero Robotics
Robot Hall of Fame
Robot Building Kits
Robot Building Kits
Robotics Electronic Kits
Science Kits and Tools
Antbo: An Insect Robot Anyone Can Build
DRONOID Modular Drone for Kids & Adults
Tinkerbots Robotics Wheeler Set
Personal Home Robots
Jibo: The World's First Family Robot
Buddy: Family's Companion Robot
Leka Robotic Toy
for Exceptional Children with motor, cognitive, social, and emotional disorders.
Could Robots have the same
beneficial qualities as owning a Pet
Aido: Next Gen Home Robot
Robit - The World's Most Affordable Home Robot
Human Operating System
Saffir Autonomous Humanoid
Alpha 2, the First Humanoid Robot for the Family!
Riley Mobile Companion
- multi-camera home security robot Moving Monitor.
type of robot has its own neural network Takashi Ikegami (University of
its whole body -- legs, arms, torso -- to perform a sequence of dynamic
maneuvers that form a gymnastic routine. We created the maneuvers using
new techniques that streamline the development process. First, an
optimization algorithm transforms high-level descriptions of each maneuver
into dynamically-feasible reference motions. Then Atlas tracks the motions
using a model predictive controller that smoothly blends from one maneuver
to the next. Using this approach, we developed the routine significantly
faster than previous Atlas routines, with a performance success rate of
Boston Dynamics Robots Dancing
(youtube) - The anthropomorphic Atlas,
Spot the robot dog, and even Handle, a box moving robot, danced to the
classic song "Do You Love Me" by the Contours. "First they dance for us,
then they start killing us".
Robotic Suitcase, Autonomous Navigation, High-tech
Security. There are probably more
this technology besides just a suitcase.
. A self-contained soft actuator three times stronger
than natural muscle, without the need of externals, signals a breakthrough
in Soft Robotics
FenSens Smart Wireless Parking Sensor
- Installs in less than 5 min,
no wires, and hands-free App .
wave-propelled that can swim, climb and crawl. 3D printed wave producing
Let's all Pull
: Team of µTug Microrobots Pulls a Car (microTug
Everybot RS500 Robotic Spin Mop
Peeqo - The
that Can Snatch Fish Right Up (youtube)
Now you can "build your own" bio-bot
Building a Sex Robot | Robotica | The New York Times
will replace most
could be used for practice and education.
biological machines powered by skeletal
(youtube) - MIT engineers have developed a magnetically
steerable, thread-like robot that can actively glide through narrow,
winding pathways, such as the labyrinthine vasculature of the brain.
Engineers have designed a microfluidic device they call a
which mimics the pumping mechanism of trees and
plants. The more sugar there is in the phloem, the more water flows from
xylem to phloem to balance out the sugar-to-water gradient, in a passive
process known as osmosis. The resulting water flow flushes nutrients down
to the roots. Trees and plants are thought to maintain this pumping
process as more water is drawn up from their roots. engineers have
previously attempted to design tree-inspired microfluidic pumps,
fabricating parts that mimic xylem and phloem. Hosoi envisions that the
tree-on-a-chip pump may be built into a small robot to produce
hydraulically powered motions, without requiring active pumps or parts.
Physicists take first step toward Cell-Sized Robots
electricity-conducting, environment-sensing, shape-changing machine the
size of a human cell. A robot exoskeleton that can rapidly change its
shape upon sensing chemical or thermal changes in its environment. And,
they claim, these
– equipped with electronic, photonic and chemical
payloads – could become a powerful platform for robotics at the size scale
of biological microorganisms, with the computational power of the
spaceship Voyager onto an object the size of a cell. The machines move
using a motor called a bimorph. A bimorph is an assembly of two materials
– in this case, graphene
and glass – that bends when driven by a stimulus like heat, a chemical
reaction or an applied voltage. The shape change happens because, in the
case of heat, two materials with different thermal responses expand by
different amounts over the same temperature change.
is a cantilever used for actuation or sensing which consists of two active
layers. It can also have a passive layer between the two active layers. In
contrast, a piezoelectric unimorph has only one active (i.e.
) layer and one
passive (i.e. non-piezoelectric) layer. The term is most commonly used
with piezoelectric bimorphs. In actuator applications, one active layer
contracts and the other expands if voltage is applied, thus the bimorph
bends. In sensing applications, bending the bimorph produces voltage which
can for example be used to measure displacement or acceleration. This mode
can also be used for energy harvesting. A bimetal could be regarded as a
thermally activated bimorph. The first theory about the bending of
thermally activated bimorphs was given by Stoney. Newer developments also
enabled electrostatically activated bimorphs for the use in
First walking robot that can explore its environment randomly and go home
automatically, without GPS or mapping.
AntBot, the brand-new robot
designed by CNRS and Aix-Marseille University (AMU) researchers at ISM,
copies the desert ants' exceptional
. It is
equipped with an optical compass used to determine its heading by means of
polarized light, and by an optical movement sensor directed to the sun to
measure the distance covered. Armed with this information, AntBot has been
shown to be able, like the desert ants, to explore its environment and to
return on its own to its base, with precision of up to 1 cm after having
covered a total distance of 14 meters. Weighing only 2.3 kg, this robot
has six feet for increased mobility, allowing it to move in complex
environments, precisely where deploying wheeled robots and drones can be
complicated (disaster areas, rugged terrain, exploration of
extraterrestrial soils, etc.).
What happens when a Gorilla meets a
Robot that looks like a small Ape? Animals can be fooled just like Humans
Silverback Gorilla Welcomes Spy Gorilla To The Family | BBC Earth
Magnetically propelled cilia power climbing soft robots and microfluidic
. The rhythmic motions of hair-like cilia move liquids around
cells or propel the cells themselves. In nature, cilia flap independently,
and mimicking these movements with artificial materials requires complex
mechanisms. Now, researchers have made artificial cilia that move in a
wave-like fashion when a rotating magnetic field is applied, making them
suitable for versatile, climbing soft robots and microfluidic devices.