Activism - Social Movements - Protesting - Revolutions


Activism Meaning - Petitions - Boycotts - Non-Violence - Activism Guidelines

Films about Activism - Songs of Activism - Quotes about Activism

Police Misconduct - Military Misconduct - Transitions

Previous SubjectNext Subject

Show of HandsActivism is how nations are born and how nations are transformed. From activism laws are made and laws are changed. Without activism, innocent citizens will continue to be victimized and exploited. So voting once a year is not enough. A citizen must act. A citizen must listen. A citizen must learn how the process of activism works. And this action must be precise and well planned if citizens are to succeed in improving their state or their country. There are many risks involved in being an activist, so you need to be aware of all the dangers that can come from many different directions and in many forms, like with agent provocateurs who infiltrate groups in order to cause damage or chaos. Some people will pretend to support you. So remember that you are on the frontline of a war. You will need support of others who can make sure that you are not held a prisoner or have your rights violated by criminals who exploit their power of authority and manipulate the system. So activists must acquire excellent problem solving skills and communication skills. Citizens must also educate themselves with the necessary knowledge and information that is needed to fully understand why improvements are absolutely necessary, this way people can educate others and make more people aware of injustices. Being an activist is a responsibility that every human has and must understand. People have to maintain their existence. Everything that people have today, even their lives, is the result of people protesting injustices and advocating for improvements. Without these hero's of activism, people would have nothing today and not even a life to speak of, like millions do today. So you see, our work is far from over. So all the people who have been privileged and who have benefited from activists, they owe it to themselves and to everyone and everything around them, to be an activist for humans rights, especially when these rights are being attacked daily. Journalism is a form of activism as long as the journalism is not for a corrupt state or for corporations, where censorship and propaganda is frequent and common. Famous Speeches.

There are times in a persons life when they must speak publicly. And when you stand up, you stand out, which means that predators can now see you. There is a vulnerability and a risk when making a stand. But it's a small price to pay when you consider the fact that everything that you have is from the millions of other people who stood up in the past. You are the beneficiary of those sacrifices. And now that you live in the present time, you are the past of people in the future, which means, you are the future.

There's only One Path to Freedom, and that path is knowledge. So if you never learn how to solve the problems that are impeding your freedoms, then you will never be free, and you will never be free from problems, especially the problems that kill thousands of people every single day and the problems that cause millions to suffer everyday single day. "Resistance is not Futile". If you don't do what is right, then what is wrong will never go away. And remember, when fighting monsters, don't become a monster yourself. Wise Up before you Rise Up. Keep your eyes open and keep your mind open. Exercise your body and exercise your mind. A strong body and a strong mind are needed to fight the ignorance of criminal minds whose corruption is like a cancer on the world that kills millions of people every year and causes billions of people to suffer. Listen, learn and take action.

Everything you have is from millions of people fighting for rights and freedoms. We need to honor those people by continuing to fight for rights and freedoms. Everyone has to do their part, if not, then it all falls apart. Every person alive today who has rights, liberties and freedoms, has them because people fought and died for those rights, liberties and freedoms. And this fight is far from over. If people don't standup now and protest against the corruption that is causing enormous amount of deaths and damage, there will be no life for future generations. This is not the time for passivity or conformity. Everyone has a responsibility to stop all forms of corruption that are undermining societies all over the world. People with wealth and power must come to their senses. We have the ability to have a civil transition of society, it is in our power, and we can have a civil and fair society if we all work together. We are not getting suckered into anymore wars or be apart of any more abuses toward other countries or people. All this fighting amongst ourselves is what keeps people distracted and divided, which is why some wealthy and powerful corporations love war, because they smell money, but for some reason don't smell the death and destruction, which is discrimination against reality. So I guess all we need now is a plan. So let's write one now.

2020 Vision now has a new meaning. 2020 Vision means that you can clearly see the world as it truly is, and not see the world as what you pretend it to be. You see clearly and comprehend what you see. This 2020 Vision will need a new and special type of test. You must have a certain level of knowledge and information in order to understand what is beyond what the eyes can see.

unless someone like you cares a whole awful lot, nothing is going to get better, It's not. 10 Things All Citizens of the World Must Learn to Know. Know how to control and manage the money supply. Know how to control and manage the Government and the Services it provides. Know how to control education and make it more effective and open. Know how to control and manage the use of resources. Know how to provide clean Food for all. Know how to provide clean water for all. know how to provide clean Energy for all. Know how to provide sustainable shelters for all. Know how to provide valuable and updated knowledge and information for all. Know how to love and care for people in Need.

Don't Wait for the World to Change, you have to change the world yourself, like other people did before you. Just believing the future will be favorable may prevent you from taking action. We Shall Overcome, but only if we keep learning and keep working together. Taking the necessary actions is serious work that requires effort and concentration. It's time to get serious and be concerned with the important matters at hand.

Every school in the world should set up a working model of a government in their school to teach students how a government should work and also show them how their current government fails. Then students can use that mock government to slowly transition the old government into the new government that is more functional without corruption, waste, abuse or vulnerabilities. This is their world now. So capstone projects need to mimic reality, if not, then they will not be prepared for reality.

Face It Everyone alive today who has freedom and liberties, has them because millions of people made incredible sacrifices, and many people gave their lives. If it were not for people protesting for Human Rights and freedoms, you would be living a horrible miserable life, just like the people today in war torn countries. And the fact that millions are dying every year from the lack of human rights, is a wake up call. Don't be selfish, don't be afraid, don't make excuses, and don't think that other people will improve the world for you. Billions of people today, and trillions of future generations are counting on you. Don't die a shameful death with blood on your hands. Live a honorable life and die with dignity and pride, just like our ancestors did for us. Wake up, things are not going to fix themselves. And if you're one of those people who are afraid to March in the Streets or be a part of a public demonstration, don't worry, there are many other ways to show support without sticking your neck out. Sign petitions, make phone calls, talk to people, make choices that support good things, read and learn as much as you can, and don't expect others to learn for you, because the responsibility of learning is the most important responsibility that every person has. We can do this. (Resist, Insist, Persist, Assist).

"Sit by and watch the world die, I'm sorry, I can't do that."

Activism needs legwork. You need to go out and talk to people, see if people are willing to sign a petition, see if they know what better choices they can make. But you have to be careful who you approach and who you talk to, you can't trust everyone.. As you know, some peoples ignorance can be extremely dangerous. So be nice, be good and don't let people antagonize you or trick you into foolish anger. Control your reactions. This is not about placing judgment on people. The main goal of activism is to educate people, and not to retaliate against people. Let interventions happen on their own terms.

"Few will have the greatness to bend history itself; but each of us can work to change a small portion of events, and in the total; of all those acts will be written the history of this generation." - Robert F. Kennedy.

"Some people live their entire life without ever looking beyond themselves. Some people never realize that they have the power to change the world and make it even better. Some people never realize that they can make life better for future generations, the same way that other people in their past made life better for them."

Spring is in the Air is used for saying that most people have a similar feeling, especially a feeling that something exciting or new is happening.

Consciousness Raising is when a group of people attempt to focus the attention of a wider group of people on some cause or condition. Some of the common issues include diseases, conflicts, genocide, global warming and corruption.
Consciousness Rising (youtube) - The Great Awakening.

Action-Specific Perception is a psychological theory that people perceive their environment and events within it in terms of their ability to act. While the perceiver's ability to perform the intended action influences perception, the perceiver's abilities for unintended actions have little or no effect on perception. Action Physics.



Activism Meanings


Rusk Demonstration 2014-03-05 Activism is a set of social activities designed to inform people and bring awareness and attention to a problem that is causing people harm or damaging something of value where people live. Consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social, political, economic, or environmental change, or stasis with the desire to make improvements in society and to correct social injustice. Forms of activism range from writing letters to newspapers or to politicians, political campaigning, economic activism such as boycotts or preferentially patronizing businesses, rallies, street marches, strikes, sit-ins, and hunger strikes.

Activist is a person who reveals fraud, waste, corruption and abuse, and has knowledge, proof and evidence of a crime. An activist is a person who actively seeks improvements by protesting and petitioning governing agency's, organizations and even individuals who are in a position of authority to stop crimes from happening. An activist is a person who actively seeks to educate other people about the injustices and crimes that are effecting them or effecting other people. Activist Knowledge (wiki) - Conservationist.

Generative Actor is an instigator of social change. He or she promotes cultural change by defying cultural normatives. Noted examples include Galileo and Rosa Parks.

Proactive - Reform - Advocate - Intervene - Peaceful Protest

Act is something that people do or cause to happen. Perform an action. Have an effect or an outcome, often the one desired or expected. Not the same as acting. Agency.

Responsive is reacting quickly and positively to a situation or responding readily with interest or enthusiasm.

Participate is to share in some action and to be involved in something important. Participation is the act of sharing in the activities of a group. The condition of sharing in common with others.

Participatory Action Research - Experience Learning

Confront is to deal with something unpleasant head on and face to face. To oppose, accuse or criticize.

Be There or Be Square is an expression that means if one does not attend a certain event, one is not “cool.” If one declines to attend an event, one is considered “uncool.” It implies that the event will be exciting. Someone who doesn't attend is boring.

Revolutions - Opposition

Jesus was an activist, Moses was an activist and Muhammad was an activist. Activism is Human Nature.

Defending Yourself in a Court of Law - Legal Help - Bail

Journalism - Whistle Blowing - Lawsuits

Protect the Protest. Courts are for those who seek justice, not revenge. A growing number of corporations, law firms, and individuals attempt to silence their critics by filing “Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation” (SLAPPs). SLAPPs violate the First Amendment rights of those who speak truth to power. We formed this task force to protect our rights - and yours - to speak out, criticize, and protest peacefully. Because democracy needs dissent.

Call to Action is a message designed to prompt an immediate response or encourage immediate actions using words or phrases that can compel an audience to act in a specific way, like "call now", "find out more" or "visit". Call to action should sell the value of the message. You should know what single action you want people to take and identify the key benefit they will get. Use action words to specify the action they need to perform. Be human. Keep it short, but long enough so people know what to do and what they will get as a result.

Strike when the Iron is Hot is to take advantage of an opportunity as soon as it exists, in case the opportunity goes away and does not return. To act decisively and take an opportunity when it arises. To do something immediately while there is still a good chance to do it. To take advantage of favorable conditions. To grab an opportunity before it passes. The phrase comes from blacksmiths who need to strike iron while it is hot in order to shape it and form it in order to make something for a specific function.

Proactive is taking action and controlling a situation by causing something to happen rather than waiting to respond to it after it happens. Descriptive of any event or stimulus or process that has an effect on events or stimuli or processes that occur subsequently.

Proactivity refers to anticipatory, change-oriented and self-initiated behavior in situations. Involves acting in advance of a future situation, rather than just reacting. It means taking control and making things happen rather than just adjusting to a situation or waiting for something to happen. Devotion.

Advocacy is an activity by an individual or group which aims to influence decisions within political, economic, and social systems and institutions. Advocacy can include many activities that a person or organization undertakes including media campaigns, public speaking, commissioning and publishing research or conducting exit poll or the filing of an amicus brief.

Advocacy Group use various forms of advocacy in order to influence public opinion and ultimately policy. They play an important role in the development of political and social systems. Consumer Protection.

Advocate is someone who speaks, pleads or argues to put forward an idea that helps bring attention to something that is wrong. Someone who pushes for a cause. Standing up for what is Right. Deep sustained involvement. Proponent is a person who pleads for a cause or propounds or puts forward an idea. Mediator - Administrator.

Protest is the act of making a strong public expression of disagreement and disapproval. Express opposition through action or words. An organized protest in public often. A formal and solemn declaration of objection.

Advocacy Evaluation evaluates the progress or outcomes of advocacy, such as changes in public policy. Advocacy evaluators seek to understand the extent to which advocacy efforts have contributed to the advancement of a goal or policy. They do this in order to learn what works, what does not, and what works better in order to achieve advocacy goals and improve future efforts. Advocacy evaluation is different from policy analysis, which generally looks at the results of the policy, or mainstream program evaluation, which assesses whether programs or direct services have been successful. Advocacy strives to influence a program or policy either directly or indirectly; therefore, the influence is being evaluated, rather than the results of that influence. In order to evaluate something, one must know the goals of the program/activity, in this case - advocacy efforts. Policy advocacy evaluation focuses on the contribution towards achieving policy, and not on the results of that policy. Policy advocacy evaluators look at these dependent variables (many of which interrelate significantly with movement in the policy cycle): Intermediate Goal Examples: Increased awareness of constituents about the need for policy (Problem Identification -> Agenda Setting). Change in rate of key-words use by politicians, sometimes starting from 0 (Problem Identification -> Agenda Setting). Increase in ratio of policy being implemented according to the adopted legislation (Adoption->Implementation). Developed capacity of advocacy actor or network of actors to conduct advocacy efforts. Ultimate Goals. Policy change itself in the desired direction (of the policy cycle). This is the highest level intermediate outcome, and as an inherent best practice, is the goal of most policy advocacy efforts. Policy Advocacy works to move a policy through the policy cycle. Direct Advocacy (Directly trying to influence policy makers): Lobbying (also known as direct lobbying) is the act of attempting to influence decisions made by government officials, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies. Various people or groups, from private-sector individuals or corporations, fellow legislators or government officials, or advocacy groups use lobbying. Indirect Advocacy (Indirectly influencing policymakers by getting their constituents to advocate): Grassroots lobbying (also known as indirect lobbying) is a form of lobbying that focuses on raising awareness of a particular cause at the local level, with the intention of reaching the legislature and making a difference in the decision-making process. Grassroots lobbying is an approach that separates itself from direct lobbying through the act of asking the public to contact legislators and government officials concerning the issue at hand, as opposed to conveying the message to the legislators directly. Activism consists of intentional efforts by citizens or citizen groups, towards policymakers, to promote or prevent social, political, economic, or environmental change. Activism can take a wide range of forms including, from writing letters to newspapers or politicians, political campaigning, rallies, street marches, strikes, sit-ins, and hunger strikes. Astroturfing supports political, organizational, or corporate agendas, and is designed to give the appearance of a "grassroots" movement. The goal of such campaigns is to disguise the efforts of a political and/or commercial entity as an independent public reaction to some political entity—a politician, political group, product, service, or event. Contribution vs. attribution: Since multiple actors campaign simultaneously for and against any given policy, it is difficult to ascertain attribution. Evaluating contributions is preferred in this case as it allows multiple actors to influence the degree of success. Long term nature of advocacy: Since many advocacy goals are long term, measuring impact can be a challenge. Instead, outcomes, interim progress, and intermediary goals are the preferred measures of influence. Shifting strategies: Since the context that advocates work within is ever-changing, advocates adapt their strategies, which creates a difficult environment in which to monitor progress. Complexity and theories of change: logic models and theories of change for advocacy campaigns are inherently complex; for example: protests+lobbying+media campaigns -> contribution to policy change. These kinds of theories of change have so many layers, nuances, and uncontrollable factors to them that intra and inter organizational agreement is difficult, making strategic planning, and evaluation all the more challenging.


Activism Guidelines - Activism Principles


"The best thing that you can do, is to do the right thing. The worst thing that you can do, is to do a nothing at all."

When you're good and when you know you're right, you must speak, you can't be silent. Even if you make a mistake and say something stupid, there is no shame in speaking. Apologize and learn. The only shame there is, comes from being silent, but you can rid yourself of that shame if you just admit the mistakes that you made, and then finds ways to correct those mistakes from being made again, that is what we call learning. We learn our entire life, well at least we should learn our entire life, that is another problem that we need to solve. Non-Violent Protest.

The Secret to Effective Nonviolent Resistance: Jamila Raqib: (video with interactive text)

SIX PRINCIPLES OF NONVIOLENCE - MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. - Fundamental tenets of Dr. King’s philosophy of nonviolence described in his first book, Stride Toward Freedom. The six principles include: PRINCIPLE ONE: Nonviolence is a way of life for courageous people. It is active nonviolent resistance to evil. It is aggressive spiritually, mentally and emotionally. PRINCIPLE TWO: Nonviolence seeks to win friendship and understanding. The end result of nonviolence is redemption and reconciliation. The purpose of nonviolence is the creation of the Beloved Community. PRINCIPLE THREE: Nonviolence seeks to defeat injustice not people. Nonviolence recognizes that evildoers are also victims and are not evil people. The nonviolent resister seeks to defeat evil not people. PRINCIPLE FOUR: Nonviolence holds that suffering can educate and transform. Nonviolence accepts suffering without retaliation. Unearned suffering is redemptive and has tremendous educational and transforming possibilities. PRINCIPLE FIVE: Nonviolence chooses love instead of hate. Nonviolence resists violence of the spirit as well as the body. Nonviolent love is spontaneous, unmotivated, unselfish and creative. PRINCIPLE SIX: Nonviolence believes that the universe is on the side of justice. The nonviolent resister has deep faith that justice will eventually win. Nonviolence believes that God is a God of justice.

SIX STEPS OF NONVIOLENT SOCIAL CHANGE: The Six Steps for Nonviolent Social Change are based on Dr. King's nonviolent campaigns and teachings that emphasize love in action. Dr. King's philosophy of nonviolence, as reviewed in the Six Principles of Nonviolence, guide these steps for social and interpersonal change. INFORMATION GATHERING: To understand and articulate an issue, problem or injustice facing a person, community, or institution you must do research. You must investigate and gather all vital information from all sides of the argument or issue so as to increase your understanding of the problem. You must become an expert on your opponent's position. EDUCATION: It is essential to inform others, including your opposition, about your issue. This minimizes misunderstandings and gains you support and sympathy. PERSONAL COMMITMENT: Daily check and affirm your faith in the philosophy and methods of nonviolence. Eliminate hidden motives and prepare yourself to accept suffering, if necessary, in your work for justice. DISCUSSION/NEGOTIATION: Using grace, humor and intelligence, confront the other party with a list of injustices and a plan for addressing and resolving these injustices. Look for what is positive in every action and statement the opposition makes. Do not seek to humiliate the opponent but to call forth the good in the opponent. DIRECT ACTION: These are actions taken when the opponent is unwilling to enter into, or remain in, discussion/negotiation. These actions impose a "creative tension" into the conflict, supplying moral pressure on your opponent to work with you in resolving the injustice. RECONCILIATION: Nonviolence seeks friendship and understanding with the opponent. Nonviolence does not seek to defeat the opponent. Nonviolence is directed against evil systems, forces, oppressive policies, unjust acts, but not against persons. Through reasoned compromise, both sides resolve the injustice with a plan of action. Each act of reconciliation is one step close to the 'Beloved Community.'

Global Citizen is a community of people like you. People who want to learn about and take action on the world’s biggest challenges. Extreme poverty ends with you.

The Global Citizens Initiative (TGCI): Building A Sustainable World Community For All.

Global Citizenship defines a person who places their identity with a "global community" above their identity as a citizen of a particular nation or place.

Citizens Handbook - Activists Handbook - Activist Handbook

Public Citizen's Action Manual (TXT)

The Politics of Nonviolent Action is a three-volume political science book by Gene Sharp, originally published in the United States in 1973. Sharp is one of the most influential theoreticians of nonviolent action, and his publications have been influential in struggles around the world. This book contains his foundational analyses of the nature of political power, and of the methods and dynamics of nonviolent action.

Kids Guide Social Action Preview (PDF)

The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis - Lynn White, Jr. (PDF)

Protect your Protest - Canvasopedia - The Dart Center

Filming Police

Srdja Popovic: How to Topple a Dictator (video)

Global Justice Movement is a network of globalized social movements opposing what is often known as the “corporate globalization” and promoting equal distribution of economic resources.

Iranian Green Movement refers to a political movement that arose after the 2009 Iranian presidential election, in which protesters demanded the removal of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad from office.

Cochabamba Protests was a series of protests that took place in Cochabamba, Bolivia's third largest city, between December 1999 and April 2000 in response to the privatization of the city's municipal water supply company Semapa. The wave of demonstrations and police violence was described as a public uprising against water prices.

Freeway & Expressway Revolts took place in developed countries during the 1960s and 1970s, in response to plans for the construction of new freeways, a significant number of which were abandoned or significantly scaled back due to widespread public opposition, especially of those whose neighborhoods would be disrupted or displaced by the proposed freeways, and due to various other negative effects that freeways are considered to have.

click here to save the world Saving the World Depends on You. No one else is going to save the world for you. If you want to change the world for the better, sometimes you have to do some of the things yourself. Even if millions of people contributed to your goal, it was you who made it happen. And if you don't do it, then who will do it? And if you don't start it, then when will it start? Even if you're just doing some exploratory research and just trying to get some answers, it's still you who must initiate it. Even if things change or even if the idea turns out not to be a good one, at least you learned something, and at least you know now that your journey to make a difference in the world is still in progress. Live, Learn, Love and Progress.

Attend an event - Go to Meetings or Host a Meeting - Contact public officials in your state. Testify at a public hearing - Write a letter to the editor - Help recruit people in your local community.

Turn On, Tune In, Drop Out: "Turn on" meant go within to activate your neural and genetic equipment. Become sensitive to the many and various levels of consciousness and the specific triggers that engage them. Drugs were one way to accomplish this end. "Tune in" meant interact harmoniously with the world around you – externalize, materialize, express your new internal perspectives. "Drop out" suggested an active, selective, graceful process of detachment from involuntary or unconscious commitments. "Drop Out" meant self-reliance, a discovery of one's singularity, a commitment to mobility, choice, and change. Unhappily my explanations of this sequence of personal development were often misinterpreted to mean "Get stoned and abandon all constructive activity".

Value-Added Theory is based on the assumption that certain conditions are needed for the development of a social movement. Smelser saw social movements as side-effects of rapid social change. Smelser argued that six things were necessary and sufficient for collective behavior to emerge, and that social movement evolves through those relevant stages: Structural conduciveness – the structure of the society (e.g. spatial proximity) must be such that certain protest actions become more likely. People must be aware of the problem and have the opportunity to act. Structural strain – there must be a strain on society, caused by factors related to the structure of the current social system, such as inequality or injustice, and existing power holders are unable (or unwilling) to address the problem (see also relative deprivation). Generalized belief – the problem should be clearly defined in a way that is agreed by and understood by the participants. See also: framing. Precipitating factors – events that become the proverbial spark igniting the flame, in other words a political opportunity. Mobilization for action – people need to have a network and organization allowing them to take a collective action, see also resource mobilization. Operation (failure) of social control – how the authorities react (or don't). High level of social control by those in control of power (politicians, police) often makes it more difficult for social movements to act. The concept of value added was used earlier in economics, where it refers to the increasing value of product in progressing stages of production. Critics of this theory note that it is too focused on the structural-functional approach and views all strains on society as disruptive.

Social movement evolves through those relevant stages: 1: Structural conduciveness - the structure of the society (e.g. spatial proximity) must be such that certain protest actions become more likely. People must be aware of the problem and have the opportunity to act. 2: Structural strain - there must be a strain on society, caused by factors related to the structure of the current social system, such as inequality or injustice, and existing power holders are unable (or unwilling) to address the problem (see also relative deprivation). 3: Generalized belief - the problem should be clearly defined in a way that is agreed by and understood by the participants. See also: framing. 4: Precipitating factors - events that become the proverbial spark igniting the flame, in other words a political opportunity. 5: Mobilization for action - people need to have a network and organization allowing them to take a collective action, see also resource mobilization. 6: Operation (failure) of social control - how the authorities react (or don't). High level of social control by those in control of power (politicians, police) often makes it more difficult for social movements to act.

Psychological Action influences of Participation.
Community Engagement Movement.

James, Alison (2009)An investigation into what influences action competence-oriented teaching and learning. processes in a school environmental club. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

Yes Magazine Weapons of Mass Democracy
A Force More Powerful (game)
Social Networking Sites and Politics

Aspen New Voices is a year-long program of media support, training, research and writing under the guidance of experienced mentors and trainers. The program will help Fellows to sharpen their messages, elevate their stories, focus their media targets, and communicate their insights across a variety of media platforms – illuminating crucial grassroots perspectives for a broad worldwide audience.

M Power Social enterprise with the aim to change the paradigm of social good with the power of great design, information and technology.


Reforming - Improving - Correcting


Reform is a change for the better as a result of correcting abuses. A means of improvement or amendment of what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory, etc.. A campaign aimed to correct abuses or malpractices. Make changes for improvement in order to remove abuse and injustices. Bring, lead, or force to abandon a wrong or evil course of life, conduct, and adopt a right one. Self-improvement in behavior or morals by abandoning some vice. Change for the better. Education Reform.

Change is an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another. Become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence. The result of alteration or modification Exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category. A difference that is usually pleasant. Adaptation - Activism

Resolution is finding a solution to a problem. Something settled or resolved or the outcome of decision making. A statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem. A decision to do something or to behave in a certain manner.

Solution is a method for solving a problem. The successful action of solving a problem.

Answer is a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem. To be sufficient and adequate either in quality or quantity. To be satisfactory for a need or to serve the purpose of a need and meet the requirements of that need. Questioning - Vague Answers.

Time of Projects from start to Finish. Some changes are fast some changes take years.

Initiative is the readiness to embark on bold new ventures and the ability to assess and initiate things independently and the power or opportunity to act or take charge and not wait around for other people to do so. The first of a series of actions.

Gradualism is a policy of gradual reform rather than sudden change or revolution. Sometimes change comes about gradually or that variation is gradual in nature and happens over time as opposed to in large steps.

Incrementalism is a method of working by adding to a project using many small incremental changes instead of a few extensively planned large jumps. Logical incrementalism implies that the steps in the process are sensible. Logical incrementalism focuses on "the Power-Behavioral Approach to planning rather than to the Formal Systems Planning Approach". In public policy, incrementalism is the method of change by which many small policy changes are enacted over time in order to create a larger broad based policy change. Technology Advancements.


Petitions - Right to Grievance - Right to Assemble


Right to Petition is the right to make a complaint to, or seek the assistance of, one's government, without fear of punishment or reprisals. The Article 44 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union ensures the right to petition to the European Parliament. The right can be traced back to the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, the Bill of Rights 1689, the Petition of Right (1628), and Magna Carta (1215).

Right to Petition in the United States is guaranteed by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, which specifically prohibits Congress from abridging "the right of the people...to petition the Government for a redress of grievances". Although often overlooked in favor of other more famous freedoms, and sometimes taken for granted, many other civil liberties are enforceable against the government only by exercising this basic right. The right to petition is regarded as fundamental in some republics, such as the United States, as a means of protecting public participation in government.

Petition is a formal message in writing that is submitted to an authority requesting that a particular action should be taken. A compilation of signatures built in order to exert moral authority in support of a specific cause. Petition in law is a formal written request for judicial action. Write a message for something to somebody; request formally and in writing.

Petitioning the Court is the act of asking the court to hear a case. Any case that is heard before a court must first go through a petition. Petitioning the court consists of filing the appropriate forms to request permission from the court to have a certain matter heard. Although the general process of petitioning the court is a relatively simple one, it can seem overwhelming to people who’ve never done it before and don’t know all the requirements governing the court system. Petitioners should determine the types of forms that are needed to file the types of petitions that they want to file.

Start a Petition Online - Initiate a Lawsuit - Motion

Grievance is a complaint about a known wrong that causes resentment and is grounds for action. An allegation that something imposes an illegal obligation or denies some legal right or causes injustice. A resentment strong enough to justify retaliation or action.

Writ of Certiorari A type of writ, meant for rare use, by which an appellate court decides to review a case at its discretion. The word certiorari comes from Law Latin and means "to be more fully informed." A writ of certiorari orders a lower court to deliver its record in a case so that the higher court may review it.

Pleading is a formal written statement of a party's claims or defenses to another party's claims in a civil action. The parties' pleadings in a case define the issues to be adjudicated in the action.

Call to Action refers to any device designed to prompt an immediate response and encourage people to take prompt action.

Diplomacy - Developing an Idea - Activist Knowledge and Tools

Decry is to express strong disapproval of.

Initiate is to bring into being. Take the lead or initiative in; participate in the development of. Bring up a topic for discussion. Set in motion, start an event or prepare the way for. Someone new to a field or activity. People who have been introduced to the mysteries of some field or activity. Someone who has been admitted to membership in a scholarly field.

Collective Action refers to action taken together by a group of people whose goal is to enhance their status and achieve a common objective.


Boycotts - Sanctions - Embargos


Boycott is an act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, usually for social or political reasons. The purpose of a boycott is to inflict some economic loss on the target, or to indicate a moral outrage, to try to compel the target to alter an objectionable behavior.

How do we Stop doing Business with Known Criminals without Hurting Innocent Citizens at the same time?

Collateral Damage - Blowback - Economic Warfare - Trade War.

Boycotting is not the same as profiling or discrimination, which is meant to hurt innocent people. Boycotting is about stopping bad people from doing bad things.

Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions is a global campaign attempting to increase economic and political pressure on Israel to end what it describes as violations of international law.

Sanctions in Law are penalties or other means of enforcement used to provide incentives for obedience with the law, or with rules and regulations. Economic Sanctions are commercial and financial penalties applied by one or more countries against a targeted country, group, or individual. Sanction may be either a permission or a restriction. Conspiracy.

Divestment is the reduction of some kind of asset for financial, ethical, or political objectives or sale of an existing business by a firm. A divestment is the opposite of an investment. Divest.

Embargo meaning hindrance, obstruction, etc. in a general sense, a trading ban in trade terminology and literally "distraint" in juridic parlance) is the partial or complete prohibition of commerce and trade with a particular country or a group of countries.

Consumer Boycott Guide. Are you fed up of hearing about a company behaving badly? Are you angry with a company for the way it conducts its business? Why not boycott it and encourage others to do the same and take their business elsewhere? Boycotts are a tool for holding company's accountable for actions against workers, consumers, communities, minorities, animals or the environment. It is marketplace democracy in action - consumers voting with their money for social and economic change. Boycotts directly threaten sales so company boss’ take them more seriously than letter writing campaigns or lobbying. Any concerned group or individual can call a boycott. Groups have been more successful in calling and executing boycotts than individuals because there is strength in numbers. A successful campaign, no matter how we define it, has to begin with clear, realistic, measurable goals. Have clear demands. e.g. Stop selling tobacco to kids! This makes it easier to get people involved and gives the company an action it can take. Make sure demands are realistic. Set yourself a time frame based on resources and the size of the task. But remember boycotts can take years before achieving the desired result. Perhaps start small, aim for a boycott in a small area or amongst a small group of people. Decide whether you want to pressure the company by impacting product sales (economic and consumer-oriented) or by attacking the company's image (reputational and media-oriented)? Arm yourself with knowledge. Get all the facts about the company and the offensive policy or action. Search the internet for information about the company. Ask other activists and campaign groups if they know anything interesting and relevant, maybe they’ll back your call. Ask ex-employees to “spill the beans”. Use the company's annual reports (often posted on the Internet) to obtain important company information such their environmental report or workers rights policy, the president and/or CEO's name(s), and addresses and phone numbers. And then…Write to the company to voice your grievance. And ask to meet with them. Indicate that if the policy or action is not changed, you intend to initiate a consumer boycott. Some organizers attempt to negotiate with the company first and use a boycott strategy only if negotiations fail to bring about the desired changes. Occasionally the threat of a boycott can make the company yield to your demands. Spread the word. Find and utilize boycott media, local press, and alternative press. Network with other activists, organizers, community groups, and media to spread the message of the boycott and gain publicity. Use press releases and informational materials as part of a comprehensive media strategy. 15 ways to get your message across. Develop a clear, simple, concise message. Distribute leaflets about your boycott in front of stores where the product is sold. Get consumers to sign petitions or cards pledging to support the boycott. Send these to the company. Produce educational materials, films, or demonstration kits to educate consumers about the issue and how they can help. Advertise in newspapers, on radio, and on television. You could even try to get a celebrity endorsement. Produce buttons, bumper stickers, and T-shirts. Create a Web Site with information on the boycott. Send e-mail alerts and updates. Write press releases to notify the media of rallies, press conferences, demonstrations, or any other events supporting the boycott. Hold demonstrations in front of the company's headquarters. Speak at community functions. Letters to local and national newspapers and magazines. Write articles for other organizations’ newsletters. Its all about who you know. Try and get large institutions charities or existing campaign groups to back you. It will add weight to your campaign, they may know how to get hold of more resources and they could also promote your cause. A more difficult but worthwhile strategy may be to appeal to company shareholders. You could even buy shares and demonstrate from inside the company AGM. Convince other companies to “join” your boycott, there is nothing like peer pressure. Are You Ready for Action? There are lots of places where you can find more information on boycotts. We have an archive of current boycotts and past successes, have a look and see what inspires you. This document was put together using the Co-op America guide.

Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions is a Palestinian-led movement promoting boycotts, divestments and sanctions against Israel. Its objective is to pressure Israel to meet what it describes as Israel's obligations under international law, defined as withdrawal from the occupied territories, removal of the separation barrier in the West Bank, full equality for Arab-Palestinian citizens of Israel, and "respecting, protecting, and promoting the rights of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes and properties". The movement is organized and coordinated by the Palestinian BDS National Committee. BDS is modeled after the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa. Its proponents compare the Palestinians' plight to that of apartheid-era black South Africans. Protests and conferences in support of the movement have been held in several countries. Its mascot, which features on its logotype, is Handala, a symbol of Palestinian identity and defiance. Critics say that BDS is antisemitic, delegitimizes Israel, and resembles historical discrimination against Jews. Countering BDS is a top priority for the Israel lobby; it has successfully lobbied for laws targeting BDS supporters in many U.S. states.


Strikes - Refusing to Work


Strike is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work. A strike usually takes place in response to employee grievances. Negotiations.

General Strike is a strike action in which a substantial proportion of the total labour force in a city, region, or country participates.

Student Strike is a student protest (sometimes called a boycott of classes), which occurs when students enrolled at a teaching institution such as a school, college or university refuse to go to class. Students Union (wiki).


Social Movements


Mother Protesting Social Movement is a type of group action. They are large, sometimes informal, groupings of individuals or organizations which focus on specific political or social issues. In other words, they carry out, resist, or undo a social change.

How to Start a Social Movement  (PDF - Vimeo - TED)

Woke is a political term of black origin which refers to a perceived awareness of issues concerning social justice and racial justice. It is derived from the African American Vernacular English expression "stay woke," whose grammatical aspect refers to a continuing awareness of these issues. The Great Awakening.

Grassroots Organization was originally organized to seek attention for neighborhood problems, but have grown into a larger cause. Grassroots.

Direct Action occurs when a group takes an action which is intended to reveal an existing problem, highlight an alternative, or demonstrate a possible solution to a social issue. This can include nonviolent and less often violent activities which target persons, groups, or property deemed offensive to the direct action participants. Independence.

Protest is an expression of bearing witness on behalf of an express cause by words or actions with regard to particular events, policies or situations. (remonstrance, remonstration or demonstration) - Songs.

Demonstration or Protest is action by a mass group or collection of groups of people in favor of a political or other cause; it normally consists of walking in a mass march formation and either beginning with or meeting at a designated endpoint, or rally, to hear speakers.

Social Change refers to an alteration in the social order of a society. Social change may include changes in nature, social institutions, social behaviors, or social relations. 

Social Entrepreneur - Social Innovator

Social Progress is the idea that societies can or do improve in terms of their social, political, and economic structures. This may happen as a result of direct human action, as in social enterprise or through social activism, or as a natural part of sociocultural evolution.

"If you tremble with indignation at every injustice, then you are a comrade of mine." "The true revolutionary is guided by a great feeling of love." " It is impossible to think of a genuine revolutionary lacking this quality." "The revolution is not an apple that falls when it is ripe. You have to make it fall." "We cannot be sure of having something to live for unless we are willing to die for it." "Cruel leaders are replaced only to have new leaders turn cruel." Che Guevara (wiki).


Assembly


Assembly is a public facility to meet for open discussion. A group of persons who are gathered together for a common purpose. The social act of assembling. Putting together parts.

General Assembly is a meeting of all the members of an organization.

Freedom of Assembly is the individual right or ability of people to come together and collectively express, promote, pursue, and defend their ideas. The right to freedom of association is recognized as a human right, a political right and a civil liberty. Quarantine.

Public Meeting - Deliberation - Group Decision Making - Social Learning - Community Organizing

Sit-in is a form of direct action that involves one or more people occupying an area for a protest, often to promote political, social, or economic change. Occupy.

Participatory Democracy - Direct Democracy - Legal Help

Citizens Assembly is a body formed from citizens or generally people to deliberate on an issue or issues of local or national or international importance. The membership of a citizens' assembly is randomly selected, as in other forms of sortition. It is a mechanism of participatory action research (PAR) that draws on the symbolism, and some of the practices, of a legal trial by jury. The purpose is to employ a cross-section of the public to study the options available to the state on certain questions and to propose answers to these questions through rational and reasoned discussion and the use of various methods of inquiry such as directly questioning experts. In many cases, the state will require these proposals to be accepted by the general public through a referendum before becoming law. The citizens' assembly aims to reinstall trust in the political process by taking direct ownership of decision-making. To that end, citizens' assemblies intend to remedy the "divergence of interests" that arises between elected representatives and the electorate, as well as "a lack in deliberation in legislatures." The use of citizens' assemblies to reach decisions in this way is related to the traditions of deliberative democracy and popular sovereignty in political theory. While these traditions stretch back to origins in ancient Athenian democracy, they have become newly relevant both to theorists and politicians as part of a deliberative turn in democratic theory. From the 1980s to the early 1990s, this deliberative turn began, shifting from the predominant theoretical framework of participatory democracy toward deliberative democracy, initially in the work of Jane Mansbridge and Joseph M. Bessette. Since, citizens' assemblies have been used in countries such as Canada and the Netherlands to deliberate on reform of the system used to elect politicians in those countries. Ordinarily, citizens' assemblies are state initiatives. However, there are also examples of independent citizens' assemblies, such as the Le G1000 in Belgium or the We The Citizens project in Ireland. Citizen's assemblies have been proposed as a potential solution to dealing with divisive and highly politicised issues such as same-sex marriage, abortion, and decarbonisation measures.

Deliberative Assembly is a gathering of members of any kind of collective who use parliamentary procedure to make decisions. Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised describes the following characteristics of a deliberative assembly: A group of people meets to discuss and make decisions on behalf of the entire membership. They meet in a single room or area or under equivalent conditions of simultaneous oral communication. Each member is free to act according to their own judgment. Each member has an equal vote. The members at the meeting act for the entire group, even if there are members absent. A member's dissent on a particular issue constitutes neither a withdrawl from the group, nor a termination of membership. A member of a deliberative assembly has the right to attend meetings, and make and second motions, speak in debate, and vote. Organizations may have different classes of members (such as regular members, active members, associate members, and honorary members), but the rights of each class of membership must be defined (such as whether a "member" in a class has the right to vote). There may also be ex-officio members, or persons who are members by virtue of some other office or position they hold. Ex-officio members have the same rights as other members. Parliamentary Procedure is the body of ethics, rules, and customs governing meetings and other operations of clubs, organizations, legislative bodies, and other deliberative assemblies.

Public Sphere is an area in social life where individuals can come together to freely discuss and identify societal problems, and through that discussion influence political action. Such a discussion is called public debate and is defined as the expression of views on matters that are of concern to the public—often, but not always, with opposing or diverging views being expressed by participants in the discussion. Public debate takes place mostly through the mass media, but also at meetings or through social media, academic publications and government policy documents.

Public Hypersphere is a new kind of public sphere that has come into existence globally through the use of modern information technology, digital media, and computer networks.


Social Actions


Social Actions refers to an act which takes into account the actions and reactions of individuals (or 'agents'). Also known as "Weberian social action". Bonner Training Modules.

Action Theory in philosophy are theories about the processes causing willful human bodily movements of a more or less complex kind. This area of thought involves epistemology, ethics, metaphysics, jurisprudence, and philosophy of mind.

Slacktivism describes "feel-good" measures, in support of an issue or social cause, that have little physical or practical effect, other than to make the person doing it feel satisfied that they have contributed.

Action-Specific Perception is when people perceive their environment and events within it in terms of their ability to act.

Crusade were a series of religious wars initiated, supported, and sometimes directed by the Latin Church in the medieval period.

Activism Word CloudVigil a is a period of purposeful sleeplessness, an occasion for devotional watching, or an observance.

When people see something wrong or see something bad, they want to know why? That is human nature. If we could never question our existence, then humans would never exist. But just asking questions does not guarantee that you will receive the right answers. So people have to continue to ask questions. But there will be some people who will not want to answer questions, mostly because they would have to admit that they are wrong or mistaken, or admit that they were influenced by someone or influenced by something. Every person must tell the truth, because life cannot survive with if information is distorted or censored. Life only survives when the information is clear and accurate, whether that information comes from a seed or comes from another person. If knowledge or information can be denied, then nothing would be alive. Lying or denying is not human. There is nothing logical about lying or denying, it is simply a childish behavior that has perpetuated through adulthood because of the lack of knowledge and information, all because the child never learned enough to understand themselves and the world around them.

Antifa movement in the United States is a militant, predominantly left-wing, anti-fascist political activist movement that comprises autonomous activist groups that aim to achieve their political objectives through the use of direct action rather than through policy reform. Activists engage in varied protest tactics, including digital activism, property damage, and physical violence and harassment against those whom they identify as fascist, racist, or on the far-right. Individuals involved in the movement tend to hold anti-authoritarian and anti-capitalist views and subscribe to a range of left-wing ideologies such as anarchism, communism, Marxism, social democracy and socialism. Both the name antifa and the logo with two flags representing anarchism and communism are derived from the German Antifa movement.

Anti-Defamation League is a leading anti-hate organization. Founded in 1913 in response to an escalating climate of anti-Semitism and bigotry. Anti-Defamation League, 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10158-3650, (212) 885-7700.

Black Lives Matter is an international human rights movement, originating in the African-American community, that campaigns against violence and systemic racism towards black people. BLM regularly holds protests speaking out against police killings of black people, and broader issues such as racial profiling, police brutality, and racial inequality in the United States criminal justice system.


Non-Violent Protest - Peaceful Demonstrations


Nonviolent Resistance is the practice of achieving goals such as social change through symbolic protests, civil disobedience, economic or political noncooperation, satyagraha, or other methods, without using violence. Non-violence is not the same as passive resistance. Non-violence is a form of activism that is persistent and adaptable. Non-violence listens as much as it preaches.

List of Peace Activists (wiki) - List of Civil Rights Leaders (wiki) - Education Activists (wiki)

Nonviolence is the personal practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition. It comes from the belief that hurting people, animals or the environment is unnecessary to achieve an outcome and refers to a general philosophy of abstention from violence based on moral, religious or spiritual principles, and logical reasons too. Center for Nonviolent Communication.

Nonviolent Communication. All human beings have capacity for compassion and empathy. We only resort to violence or harmful behavior others when we do not have knowledge of more effective strategies for meeting needs.

How women wage conflict without violence: Julia Bacha (video and interactive text)
Films about Non-Violent Protests (videos)

Pacifism is opposition to war, militarism, including conscription and mandatory military service or violence. Pacifism is the general ethical opposition to violence or war, except in cases where force or self-defense is deemed absolutely necessary to advance the cause of peace. Civil.

White Rose was a non-violent, intellectual resistance group in the Third Reich led by a group of students and a professor at the University of Munich. The group conducted an anonymous leaflet and graffiti campaign that called for active opposition to the Nazi regime. Their activities started in Munich on 27 June 1942, and ended with the arrest of the core group by the Gestapo on 18 February 1943. They, as well as other members and supporters of the group who carried on distributing the pamphlets, faced show trials by the Nazi People's Court (Volksgerichtshof), and many of them were sentenced to death or imprisonment. The group wrote, printed and initially distributed their pamphlets in the greater Munich region. Later on, secret carriers brought copies to other cities, mostly in the southern parts of Germany. In total, the White Rose authored six leaflets, which were multiplied and spread, in a total of about 15,000 copies. They denounced the Nazi regime's crimes and oppression, and called for resistance. In their second leaflet, they openly denounced the persecution and mass murder of the Jews. By the time of their arrest, the members of the White Rose were just about to establish contacts with other German resistance groups like the Kreisau Circle or the Schulze-Boysen/Harnack group of the Red Orchestra. Today, the White Rose is well known both within Germany and worldwide. The government—or rather, the party—controlled everything: the news media, arms, police, the armed forces, the judiciary system, communications, travel, all levels of education from kindergarten to universities, all cultural and religious institutions. Political indoctrination started at a very early age, and continued by means of the Hitler Youth with the ultimate goal of complete mind control. Children were exhorted in school to denounce even their own parents for derogatory remarks about Hitler or Nazi ideology. —George J. Wittenstein, M.D.,"Memories of the White Rose", 1979.
1st leaflet of the White Rose: Isn't it true that every honest German is ashamed of his government these days? Who among us has any conception of the dimensions of shame that will befall us and our children when one day the veil has fallen from our eyes and the most horrible of crimes—crimes that infinitely outdistance every human measure—reach the light of day?
2nd leaflet of the White Rose: Since the conquest of Poland, 300,000 Jews have been murdered in this country in the most bestial way ... The German people slumber on in dull, stupid sleep and encourage the fascist criminals. Each wants to be exonerated of guilt, each one continues on his way with the most placid, calm conscience. But he cannot be exonerated; he is guilty, guilty, guilty!
3rd leaflet of the White Rose: Why do you allow these men who are in power to rob you step by step, openly and in secret, of one domain of your rights after another, until one day nothing, nothing at all will be left but a mechanised state system presided over by criminals and drunks? Is your spirit already so crushed by abuse that you forget it is your right—or rather, your moral duty—to eliminate this system?
Hans Scholls last words before his execution: Es lebe die Freiheit! (Let Freedom live!).

Peace Symbol Peace Movement is a social movement that seeks to achieve ideals such as the ending of a particular war (or all wars), minimize inter-human violence in a particular place or type of situation, and is often linked to the goal of achieving world peace. Means to achieve these ends include advocacy of pacifism, non-violent resistance, diplomacy, boycotts, peace camps, moral purchasing, supporting anti-war political candidates, legislation to remove the profit from government contracts to the Military–industrial complex, banning guns, creating open government and transparency tools, direct democracy, supporting Whistleblowers who expose War-Crimes or conspiracies to create wars, demonstrations, and national political lobbying groups to create legislation. The political cooperative is an example of an organization that seeks to merge all peace movement organizations and green organizations, which may have some diverse goals, but all of whom have the common goal of peace and humane sustainability. A concern of some peace activists is the challenge of attaining peace when those that oppose it often use violence as their means of communication and empowerment. Some people refer to the global loose affiliation of activists and political interests as having a shared purpose and this constituting a single movement, "the peace movement", an all encompassing "anti-war movement". Seen this way, the two are often indistinguishable and constitute a loose, responsive, event-driven collaboration between groups with motivations as diverse as humanism, environmentalism, veganism, anti-racism, anti-sexism, decentralization, hospitality, ideology, theology, and faith.

Peace Movements List (wiki) - Peace Organizations (wiki) - List of Peace Activists (wiki) - Peace Symbols (wiki).

Global Peace System is a concept of global conflict resolution dependent on nonviolent processes to eradicate war. It relies upon a multi-strand approach to conflict resolution, incorporating broad social and political solutions.

Peaceworker is an individual or member of an organization that undertakes to resolve violent conflict, prevent the rise of new violent conflicts, and rebuild societies damaged by war. Treaties.

Peacemaking is practical conflict transformation focused upon establishing equitable power relationships robust enough to forestall future conflict, often including the establishment of means of agreeing on ethical decisions within a community, or among parties, that had previously engaged in inappropriate (i.e. violent) responses to conflict. Peacemaking seeks to achieve full reconciliation among adversaries and new mutual understanding among parties and stakeholders. When applied in criminal justice matters, peacemaking is usually called restorative justice, but sometimes also transformative justice, a term coined by the late Canadian justice theorist and activist Ruth Morris. One popular example of peacemaking is the several types of mediation, usually between two parties and involving a third, a facilitator or mediator.

Peacekeeping refers to activities intended to create conditions that favour lasting peace. Research generally finds that peacekeeping reduces civilian and battlefield deaths and reduces the risk of renewed warfare.

Peacebuilding is an activity that aims to resolve injustice in nonviolent ways and to transform the cultural & structural conditions that generate deadly or destructive conflict. It revolves around developing constructive personal, group, and political relationships across ethnic, religious, class, national, and racial boundaries. This process includes violence prevention; conflict management, resolution, or transformation; and post-conflict reconciliation or trauma healing, i.e., before, during, and after any given case of violence.

Samantha Smith was an American schoolgirl, peace activist, and child actress from Manchester, Maine, who became famous during the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. In 1982, Smith wrote a letter to the newly appointed CPSU General Secretary Yuri Andropov, and received a personal reply with a personal invitation to visit the Soviet Union, which she accepted. Smith attracted extensive media attention in both countries as a "Goodwill Ambassador", becoming known as America's Youngest Ambassador and subsequently participating in peacemaking activities in Japan. With the assistance of her father Arthur (an academic), she wrote a book about her visit to the Soviet Union, Journey to the Soviet Union, and later became a child actress, hosting a child-oriented special on the 1984 United States presidential election for The Disney Channel and playing a co-starring role in the television series Lime Street, before her death at the age of thirteen on August 25, 1985 in the Bar Harbor Airlines Flight 1808 plane crash. (June 29, 1972 – August 25, 1985).

Suppliant is a person making a humble plea to someone in power or authority. Praying humbly for something. Ask for or request earnestly.

Humble is being marked by meekness or modesty and not being arrogant or prideful. Able to feel shame from making a bad mistake.

Social Movement is a type of group action which focuses on specific social issues and political problems. They provide a way of social change from the bottom up within nations. Sometimes made up of large and informal groupings of individuals or organizations.

Anti-Establishment view or belief is one which stands in opposition to the conventional social, political, and economic principles of a society. The term was first used in the modern sense in 1958, by the British magazine New Statesman to refer to its political and social agenda. Antiestablishmentarianism (or anti-establishmentarianism) is an expression for such a political philosophy. Conformity.

Counterculture of the 1960s was an anti-establishment cultural phenomenon that developed throughout much of the Western world between the mid-1960s and the mid-1970s. The aggregate movement gained momentum as the Civil Rights Movement continued to grow, and, with the expansion of the US government's extensive military intervention in Vietnam, would later become revolutionary. As the 1960s progressed, widespread social tensions also developed concerning other issues, and tended to flow along generational lines regarding human sexuality, women's rights, traditional modes of authority, experimentation with psychoactive drugs, and differing interpretations of the American Dream. Many key movements related to these issues were born or advanced within the counterculture of the 1960s. As the era unfolded, new cultural forms and a dynamic subculture which celebrated experimentation, modern incarnations of Bohemianism, and the rise of the hippie and other alternative lifestyles emerged. This embrace of creativity is particularly notable in the works of British Invasion bands such as the Beatles and filmmakers whose works became far less restricted by censorship. Many other creative artists, authors, and thinkers, within and across many disciplines, helped define the counterculture movement. Several factors distinguished the counterculture of the 1960s from the anti-authoritarian movements of previous eras. The post-World War II "baby boom" generated an unprecedented number of potentially disaffected young people as prospective participants in a rethinking of the direction of the United States and other democratic societies. Post-war affluence allowed many of the counterculture generation to move beyond a focus on the provision of the material necessities of life that had preoccupied their Depression-era parents. The era was also notable in that a significant portion of the array of behaviors and "causes" within the larger movement were quickly assimilated within mainstream society, particularly in the US, even though counterculture participants numbered in the clear minority within their respective national populations. The counterculture era essentially commenced in earnest with the assassination of John F. Kennedy in November 1963. It became absorbed into the popular culture with the termination of US combat military involvement in Southeast Asia and the end of the draft in 1973, and ultimately with the resignation of President Richard Nixon in August 1974. Conformity.

Civil Resistance is political action that relies on the use of nonviolent resistance by civil groups to challenge a particular power, force, policy or regime.

Internet Activism is the use of electronic communication technologies such as social media, especially Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, e-mail, and podcasts for various forms of activism to enable faster communication by citizen movements and the delivery of local information to a large audience. Internet technologies are used for cause-related fundraising, community building, lobbying, and organizing. A digital activism campaign is "an organized public effort, making collective claims on a target authority, in which civic initiators or supporters use digital media." Research has started to address specifically how activist/advocacy groups in the U.S. and Canada are using social media to achieve digital activism objectives. Also known as web activism, online activism, digital campaigning, digital activism, online organizing, electronic advocacy, cyberactivism, e-campaigning, and e-activism. Petitions.

Giving Tuesday refers to the Tuesday after U.S. Thanksgiving in the United States. It is a movement to create an international day of giving at the beginning of the Christmas and holiday season. Giving Tuesday was started in 2012 by the 92nd Street Y and the United Nations Foundation as a response to commercialization and consumerism in the post-Thanksgiving season (Black Friday and Cyber Monday). #GivingTuesday is hashtag activism.

Hashtag Activism refers to the use of Twitter's hashtags for internet activism. The term can also be used to refer to the act of showing support for a cause through a like, share, etc. on any social media platform, such as Facebook, Google+, or Twitter. The point of hashtag activism is arguably to share certain issues with one's friends and followers in the hopes that they will also share the same information. This leads to a widespread discussion and allows for change to occur.

Twitter Diplomacy is the use of social network and micro-blogging website, Twitter, by heads of state, leaders of intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), and their diplomats to conduct diplomatic outreach and public diplomacy. (Not like Donald).

Media Activism is a broad category of activism that utilizes media and communication technologies for social and political movements. Methods of media activism include publishing news on websites, creating video and audio investigations, spreading information about protests, and organizing campaigns relating to media and communications policies.

Social Networks - Watchdogs - Whistle Blowers - Transparency

Legal Observer are individuals, usually representatives of civilian human rights agencies, who attend public demonstrations, protests and other activities where there is a potential for conflict between the public or activists and the police, security guards or other law enforcement personnel. The purpose of legal observers is to monitor, record and report on any unlawful or improper behaviour. Legal or human rights observers act as an independent third party within a conflictual civil protest context, observing police behaviour in order to keep police accountable for their actions. Legal observers can write incident reports describing police violence and misbehaviour and compile reports after the event. The use of video and still cameras, incident reports and audio recorders is common.


Refusal to Obey Unjust Commands


Civil Disobedience is the active, professed refusal to obey certain laws, demands, and commands of a government, or of an occupying international power. Civil disobedience is a symbolic or ritualistic violation of the law, rather than a rejection of the system as a whole. Civil Disobedience is an essay by American transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau that was first published in 1849. In it, Thoreau argues that individuals should not permit governments to overrule or atrophy their consciences, and that they have a duty to avoid allowing such acquiescence to enable the government to make them the agents of injustice. Thoreau was motivated in part by his disgust with slavery and the Mexican–American War (1846–1848). Not the same a s Non-Compliant or Just Following Orders.

Conscientious Objector is an "individual who has claimed the right to refuse to perform military service" on the grounds of freedom of thought, conscience, or religion. In general, conscientious objector status is considered only in the context of military conscription and is not applicable to volunteer military forces.

Implied Consent - Exemption Waiver - Protest Voting

Desertion is the abandonment of a duty or post without permission, or I have changed my mind because this is bad and I no longer agree with it. I did not sign up for this!  

Hacksaw Ridge is a 2016 biographical war drama film about the World War II experiences of Desmond Doss, an American pacificist combat medic who was a Seventh-day Adventist Christian, refusing to carry or use a firearm or weapons of any kind. Doss became the first conscientious objector to be awarded the Medal of Honor, for service above and beyond the call of duty during the Battle of Okinawa.

"If a law is unjust, a man is not only right to disobey it, he is obligated to do so." (Thomas Jefferson)

Any attempts to influence war through propaganda or psychological operations is illegal. Instead of arming people with weapons and lies, we should be arming people with knowledge and the truth.

Lobbying is the act of attempting to influence decisions made by officials in a government, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies. Lobbyists use money, bribery or coercion, things that normal citizens can't do and will not do because it's criminal and immoral.


Revolutions


Che Guevara El Che-Hey You Revolution is a fundamental change in political power or organizational structures that takes place in a relatively short period of time when the population rises up in revolt against the current authorities. Power Vacuum.

List of Revolutions and Rebellions (wiki) - Many of the century's most lasting revolutions took place without violence. Image Info-graph of Recent Revolutions (image)

Age of Revolution is the period from approximately 1774 to 1849 in which a number of significant revolutionary movements occurred in many parts of Europe and the Americas.

Learning Revolution - Revolution of the Mind

Opposition is the action of being resistant and against something that you disapprove of or disagree with. A body of people united in opposing something. Opposing expressed in action or argument. The principal political party opposed to the one in office.

Dissident a person who actively challenges an established doctrine, policy, or institution.

Dissent is a non-agreement or opposition to a policy.

Objectionable is something that causes disapproval or protest.

Antagonist is someone who offers opposition. Antagonist is someone who stands in or represents opposition against which the protagonist(s) must contend. In other words, an antagonist is a person or a group of people who opposes a protagonist, which is a person who backs a politician or a team. Protagonist can also mean the principal character in a work of fiction. Antagonist can also mean a muscle that relaxes while another contracts. A drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug. Antagonize.

Tipping Point in sociology is a point in time when a group—or a large number of group members—rapidly and dramatically changes its behavior by widely adopting a previously rare practice.

Enlightenment - Working Together - Solidarity - Freedom of Speech.

Resistance is the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with. A group action in opposition to those in power and to those who threaten freedoms and human rights. Resistance is also the capacity of an organism to defend itself against harmful environmental agents. So you see, resistance is innate. it is what life does to survive and progress.

Resistance Movement is an organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist the legally established government or an occupying power and to disrupt civil order and stability.

Condemn is to express strong disapproval of something that is measurably wrong. To judge something as being unfit or pronounce something as wrong or morally culpable and deserving blame or censure for being evil or injurious.

Denounced is to publicly declare someone to be wrong or evil. To speak out against something or someone. To accuse or condemn something or someone or openly or formally or brand something or someone as being disgraceful.

Uprising is an act of resistance or rebellion or a revolt. Provocation - Draft.

Rebellion refers to the open resistance against the orders of an established authority. The refusal to accept some authority or code or convention. Not the same as radicalism or terrorism or extremism.

Rebel is someone who exhibits great independence in thought and action. A person who takes part in a rebellion against the constituted authority (especially in the hope of improving conditions).

Renegade is a person who rebels against certain customs that are perceived to be unfair.

Insurrection is organized opposition to authority; a conflict in which one faction tries to wrest control from another.

Insurrection Act of 1807 is the set of laws that govern the ability of the President of the United States to deploy troops within the United States to put down lawlessness, insurrection and rebellion. The laws are chiefly contained in 10 U.S.C. §§ 331–335. Posse Comitatus Act of 1878 limits the powers of the federal government in the use of federal military personnel to enforce domestic policies within the United States.

Enforcement Act of 1871 is an Act of the United States Congress which empowered the President to suspend the writ of habeas corpus to combat the Ku Klux Klan or KKK and other white supremacy organizations. The statute has been subject to only minor changes since then, but has been the subject of voluminous interpretation by courts. The president reports he was receiving of widespread racial threats from the Deep South. (17 Stat. 13 also known as the Ku Klux Klan Act, Third Enforcement Act, Third Ku Klux Klan Act, Civil Rights Act of 1871, or Force Act of 1871).

Insurgency is an active revolt or uprising.

Counter-Insurgency is a comprehensive civilian and military efforts taken to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency and address its root causes. Fascism - Covert Operations.

Coup detat is the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus. Junta.

Sedition in law is an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority and tending to cause the disruption or overthrow of the government. Sedition is overt conduct, such as speech and organization, that tends toward insurrection against the established order. Sedition often includes subversion of a constitution and incitement of discontent (or resistance) to lawful authority. Sedition may include any commotion, though not aimed at direct and open violence against the laws. Seditious words in writing are seditious libel. A seditionist is one who engages in or promotes the interests of sedition. The Patriot Act was not intended to be used against the same scumbags who wrote the act. The irony of the Republican Party has now been revealed.

Subversion is destroying peoples honesty or loyalty and undermining moral integrity. Subversion also means overthrowing or destroying a legally constituted government. Domestic terrorism by ignorant morons is not an insurrection.

Incendiary is arousing to action or rebellion. Also known as instigative, seditious, rabble-rousing and inflammatory.

Riot is a form of civil disorder commonly characterized by a group lashing out in a violent public disturbance against authority, property or people. Riots typically involve destruction of property, public or private. The property targeted varies depending on the riot and the inclinations of those involved. Targets can include shops, cars, restaurants, state-owned institutions, and religious buildings. Riots often occur in reaction to a grievance or out of dissent. Historically, riots have occurred due to poverty, unemployment, poor living conditions, governmental oppression, taxation or conscription, conflicts between ethnic groups, (race riot) or religions (sectarian violence, pogrom), the outcome of a sporting event (sports riot, football hooliganism) or frustration with legal channels through which to air grievances. While individuals may attempt to lead or control a riot, riots typically consist of disorganized groups that are frequently "chaotic and exhibit herd behavior." There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that riots are not irrational, herd-like behavior, but actually follow inverted social norms. Dealing with riots is often a difficult task for police forces. They may use tear gas or CS gas to control rioters. Riot police may use less-than-lethal methods of control, such as shotguns that fire flexible baton rounds to injure or otherwise incapacitate rioters for easier arrest.

Catastrophism is a sudden, short-lived, violent events, possibly worldwide in scope.

Propaganda of the deed is specific political action meant to be exemplary to others and serve as a catalyst for revolution. It is primarily associated with acts of violence perpetrated by proponents of insurrectionary anarchism in the late 19th and early 20th century, including bombings and assassinations aimed at the ruling class, but also had non-violent applications. These deeds were intended to ignite the "spirit of revolt" in the people by demonstrating the state was not omnipotent and by offering hope to the downtrodden, and also to expand support for anarchist movements as the state grew more repressive in its response. In 1881, the International Anarchist Congress of London gave the tactic its approval.

Paris Commune was a radical socialist, anti-religious, and revolutionary government that ruled Paris from 18 March to 28 May 1871. The Franco-Prussian War had led to the capture of Emperor Napoleon III in September 1870, the collapse of the Second French Empire, and the beginning of the Third Republic. Because Paris was under siege for four months, the Third Republic moved its capital to Tours. A hotbed of working-class radicalism, Paris was primarily defended during this time by the radical troops of the National Guard rather than regular Army troops. Paris surrendered to the Prussians on 28 January 1871, and in February Adolphe Thiers, the new chief executive of the French national government, signed an armistice with Prussia that disarmed the Army but not the National Guard. On 18 March, soldiers of the Commune's National Guard killed two French army generals, and the Commune refused to accept the authority of the French government. The Commune governed Paris for two months, until it was suppressed by the regular French Army during "La semaine sanglante" ("The Bloody Week") beginning on 21 May 1871. Debates over the policies and outcome of the Commune had significant influence on the ideas of Karl Marx, who described it as the first example of the "dictatorship of the proletariat"

Word Cloud Fist using a Triple Bar instead of the letter E Desperate is being in a bad situation where you feel that you need to do something in order to live or do something to save someone's else's life, even if what you do is bad or wrong, you feel that you have no choice, so you do what you believe is necessary, even though you wish you had better options that offered better odds for success. Desperation is having a lack of time and knowledge that is needed to do something right and good. People can be so desperate that will do anything for money, even work jobs that do more harm than good. These are desperate times for billions of people. A corrupt system creates desperation that fuels corrupt and ignorant behavior. Time to unleash the ghosts, time for action. Time to stop worrying and time to start doing something constructive.

There is only so much you can ignore. When you see people doing something wrong and bad, or when you see injustices and people expressing threatening behaviors, then intervention is needed. Our Democracy needs to get well and recover from all the diseases it's suffering from. Our patient is sick. There is a cancer in our society. And this cancer has many tumors, with each tumor needing its own specialized treatment. We have the people, we have the technology, we can cure democracy of all it's ills. And we can also inoculate and educate our immune system so that our democracy will be protected from future infections or from being re-infected from the mistakes we made in the past. Remember that the virus we call corruption can mutate and fool us again.

One of the main reasons why we have laws is to let people know that certain things are bad and wrong, and also let people know the reasons why these actions or behaviors are considered to be wrong. But, if there is no law, or if there is no one to prosecute or enforce the law, then a person can do something wrong and bad and not worry about being arrested. If someone is forced to use a tort law to stop criminal activity, then that clearly says that there is something wrong in the justice system.

Discontent is a longing for something better than the present situation. Showing or experiencing dissatisfaction or restless longing. Activism Meanings.

Outraged, Indignant and Incensed means to be angered at something unjust or wrong.

Anarchy is the condition of a society, entity, group of people, or a single person that rejects illegitimate hierarchies. Anarchist seeks independence and a self-managing governing body that is free from overly restrictive external controls. Anarchist excepts the rules that are just, fair and logically sustainable, and rejects unjustified restrictions from self serving oligarchs.

I am a Revolutionary - Fred Hampton was an American activist, Marxist-Leninist and revolutionary socialist. He came to prominence in Chicago as chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party, and deputy chairman of the national BPP. In this capacity, he founded the antiracist, anticlass Rainbow Coalition, a prominent multicultural political organization that initially included the Black Panthers, Young Patriots (which organized poor whites), and the Young Lords (which organized Hispanics), and an alliance among major Chicago street gangs to help them end infighting and work for social change. In 1967, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) identified Hampton as a radical threat. It tried to subvert his activities in Chicago, sowing disinformation among black progressive groups and placing a counterintelligence operative in the local Panthers. In December 1969, Hampton was drugged, shot and killed in his bed during a predawn raid at his Chicago apartment by a tactical unit of the Cook County State's Attorney's Office in conjunction with the Chicago Police Department and the FBI. Law enforcement sprayed more than 90 gunshots throughout the apartment; the occupants fired once. During the raid, Panther Mark Clark was also killed and several others were seriously wounded. In January 1970, the Cook County Coroner held an inquest; the jury concluded that the deaths of Hampton and Clark were justifiable homicide. A civil lawsuit was later filed on behalf of the survivors and the relatives of Hampton and Clark. It was resolved in 1982 by a settlement of $1.85 million; the City of Chicago, Cook County, and the federal government each paid one-third to a group of nine plaintiffs. Given revelations about the illegal COINTELPRO program and documents associated with the killings, many scholars now consider Hampton's death an assassination under the FBI's initiative. (August 30, 1948 – December 4, 1969).

Huey P. Newton was an African-American revolutionary, most known for co-founding the Black Panther Party (BPP) with Bobby Seale. Together, Newton and Seale created the party's manifesto, the ten-point program.

Bobby Seale co-founded the Black Panther Party with fellow activist Huey P. Newton. Founded as the "Black Panther Party for Self-Defense", the Party's main practice was monitoring police activities and challenging police brutality in Black communities, first in Oakland, California, and later in cities throughout the United States.

Black Panther Party originally the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, was a Black Power political organization founded by college students Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton in October 1966 in Oakland, California. The party was active in the United States between 1966-1982, with chapters in numerous major cities, and international chapters in Britain and Algeria. Upon its inception the Black Panther Party's core practice was its open carry armed citizens' patrols ("copwatching") to monitor the behavior of officers of the Oakland Police Department and challenge police brutality in the city.



Transitions - Changing Government Personnel


Regime Change is the replacement of one government regime with another. Regime Shift are large, abrupt, persistent changes in the structure and function of a system.

Regime is a a system or planned way of doing things. A systematic plan for therapy or diet. Regime is the form of government or the set of rules.

Firing Incompetent or Corrupt Government Employees.

Expel is to remove someone from a position or office. Force to leave or move out. Fired is to terminate the employment of an employee or discharge someone from an office or position.

Managing a Democratic Transition after the Revolution.

Dictatorship to Democracy - PDF

Unconditional Surrender is a surrender in which no guarantees are given to the surrendering party. In modern times, unconditional surrenders most often include guarantees provided by international law.

Power Vacuum is when someone has lost control of something and no one has replaced them. The situation can occur when a government has no identifiable central power or authority. The physical analogy suggests that in a power vacuum, other forces will tend to "rush in" to fill the vacuum as soon as it is created, perhaps in the form of an armed militia or insurgents, military coup, warlord or dictator.

Coalition Government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which several political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that coalition. The usual reason given for this arrangement is that no party on its own can achieve a majority in the parliament.

Non-Government Organization - Government Types - Nation Building - Sovereign

Provisional Government is an emergency governmental authority set up to manage a political transition, generally in the cases of new nations, or following the collapse of the previous governing administration. Provisional governments are generally appointed, and frequently arise, either during or after civil or foreign wars. Provisional governments maintain power until a new government can be appointed by a regular political process, which is generally an election. They may be involved with defining the legal structure of subsequent regimes, guidelines related to human rights and political freedoms, the structure of the economy, government institutions, and international alignment. Provisional governments differ from caretaker governments, which are responsible for governing within an established parliamentary system and serve as placeholders following a motion of no confidence, or following the dissolution of the ruling coalition. In opinion of Yossi Shain and Juan J. Linz, provisional governments can be classified to four groups: Revolutionary provisional governments (when the former regime is overthrown and the power belongs to the ones who have overthrown it). Power sharing provisional governments (when the power is shared between former regime and the ones who are trying to change it). Incumbent provisional governments (when the power during transitional period belongs to the former regime). International provisional governments (when the power during the transitional period belongs to the international community). The establishment of provisional governments is frequently tied to the implementation of transitional justice. Decisions related to transitional justice can determine who is allowed to participate in a provisional government. A provisional government is also called an interim government, an emergency government, or a transitional government.

Caretaker Government is a temporary ad hoc government that performs some governmental duties and functions in a country until a regular government is elected or formed. Depending on specific practice, it usually consists of either randomly selected or approved members of parliament or outgoing members until their dismissal. Caretaker governments in representative democracies are usually limited in their function, serving only to maintain the status quo, rather than truly govern and propose new legislation. Unlike the government it is meant to temporarily replace, a caretaker government does not have a legitimate mandate (electoral approval) to exercise aforementioned functions.

Self-Manage - Mediate - Transform

Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a subnational level, such as a regional or local level. It is a form of administrative decentralization. Devolved territories have the power to make legislation relevant to the area.

Decentralization is the process of redistributing or dispersing functions, powers, people or things away from a central location or authority. Currency Alternatives.

Internet Governance is the development and application of shared principles, norms, rules, decision-making procedures, and programs that shape the evolution and use of the Internet.

Open Government holds that citizens have the right to access the documents and proceedings of the government to allow for effective public oversight.

Open Source Governance enables any interested citizen to add to the creation of policy.

Open Society where individuals are confronted with personal decisions, would keep no secrets from itself in the public sense, as all are trusted with the knowledge of all.

Open Systems Interconnection is an effort to standardize computer networking that was started in 1977 by the International Organization for Standardization.

Democracy is a form of government in which all eligible citizens have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives; But we don't have an equal say in America or do other so called Democracies around the world. So what do we do to change this?

Voting - Activism - Civic Responsibility - Working Together - Camaraderie - Brotherhood

Interdependence is the mutual reliance between two or more groups. This concept differs from the reliance in a dependent relationship, where some members are dependent and some are not. There can be various degrees of interdependence.


Activism has been around for over 2,000 years


Solon was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker, and poet. He is remembered particularly for his efforts to legislate against political, economic, and moral decline in archaic Athens. His reforms failed in the short term, yet he is often credited with having laid the foundations for Athenian democracy. He wrote poetry for pleasure, as patriotic propaganda, and in defense of his constitutional reforms.

Revolution and Evolution in Twentieth-Century (amazon)

People don't need to be controlled, people need to be educated, this way people can control themselves. People don't need some ignorant and corrupt leader telling them what to do, they need knowledge and information.

You will have to do more then just raise your voice. Solving problems will need a lot more then just complaining. You will need to learn how to communicate effectively, but even more important, you will need to learn the facts. It will take more then just a protest. Everyone must except the responsibility of educating themselves. An informed citizen is the power behind a protest. And one cannot succeed without the other. Educate yourself, then protest. An educated protester is much more powerful. And an informed protester knows that the protest is only one step in the Problem Solving Process.

Protecting Internet Communications during Protests

If people were just more aware of their choices and options, and if people understood all the affects that are created from their choices, people would be able to rid this world of almost every problem it's faced with and suffering would almost disappear, all because everyone is making good choices. And that is not a Dream, that is a Reality. That is the power of Knowledge. If you provide the necessary information and knowledge that people need in order to understand their options, people would make good choices and make good decisions. And that is a fact that everyone has witnessed in themselves and in others. So we know from experience just how valuable our information and knowledge is. Our greatest strength is our abundance of knowledge, it's time to utilize this magnificent strength, a strength that has been bestowed on us by 100's of millions of people throughout our history. This is the paradise on earth that we have all known in our hearts, but this time paradise is not fleeting, because this is our destiny. An Equal Say can only exist when everyone has an equal chance to speak and an equal chance to be heard. But it does not end there, everyone must be informed and knowledgeable enough in order to understand what they truly need to say and what they mean, and to make sure that they are heard fairly and equally without the influence of money, or the influence of power or propaganda.

A Right to Information - A Right to Knowledge - A Right to the Best Education

It's not Civil Disobedience, people are just doing as much as I can to stop as*holes from f*cking up this world more then already is. This is not being disobedient, people care being patriotic. People are not being aggressive, they're just reacting to politicians being passive aggressive. We are a Activists, and politicians and the corporate scumbags are f*cking terrorists. So a lot of us will spend the rest of our lives doing everything that we can to stop these mass murdering psychopaths from doing anymore damage. We owe it to the billions of people who lived and died before me, and we owe it to the trillions upon trillions of people who will live after us. This is our human nature at its best. Everyone knows things can definitely improve, so lets make things better. I'm sorry for the harsh words, I know how stupid profanity is, please forgive me and I will forgive you. I'm not blaming you, because everyone is to blame in some way or another. So everyone will have to make changes, we have to do this together. We can do this.

Social Awareness - Information Literacy - Media Literacy

Activism is a process for change. Activism is a way to stop injustices. Activism is a way to modify or improve how things are done. And activism helps make people aware of problems. But as history has taught us, simply protesting for change is not enough. We must update public knowledge and update our schools to match our current level of knowledge and understanding. A tremendous amount of knowledge has been accumulated from millions of brilliant minds throughout history. Knowledge and information that has given us incredible wealth and potential. We have finally awakened to this realization. And this is not the first time that people have understood the power of knowledge, but this time it's different, that's because 100's millions of people can now share and contribute to this great awakening of human intelligence. Our power is directly related to us finally working together, and seeing each other as friends and cooperators, instead of seeing each other as competitors and rivals. But we have a lot to learn, which means that everyone has to have access to the knowledge and information that helps govern our lives. And when more people understand our situation more clearly, and understand our choices, then everyone will have more control over their lives, and a lot more control over their freedoms and rights. War is Hell

You can either hope and wait until the people in power do what is right, or you can learn how to improve things yourself. People should not be dependent on leaders to do what is needed, because that always turns out bad. People have taken care of themselves and manage their own lives since the beginning, and that is the reason why humans have survived for thousands of years. But people have given up that right to care for their own needs, and that is one of the failures of education. There is enough for everyone as long as people understand enough. The only power that anyone can have over a person is the power of knowledge. And it doesn't take a lot of knowledge to control and manipulate people. We would not learn anything if things didn't go wrong, but we don't have to keep making the same mistakes. If we fail to teach these lessons in life, we will continue to fail, forever. Working together is the most efficient and the most effective way of improving our lives.

Tank Man People have to stand up for what is right, you have to do what you have to do, you have to correct what is wrong, you have to repair what is damaged. Everything that is good in our world today, that people are benefiting from, comes from the people who fought for what is right. Improvements came from people who stood up and demanded improvements, improvements came from people who stood up against injustices. Everyone alive today owes everything to those people, without them, you would be dead or suffering from the evil that spews from the horrific ignorance of corrupt people. If you see something, say something.

"If I don't speak for people today and speak for people in the future, there will be no future. If I don't fight for human rights today and tomorrow, there will be no human rights in the future."

Yes there are assholes in charge, but they are just temporary hindrances, so go through them or go around them. Don't get caught up in what assholes they are, just complete the task. We are Angry, but we are more determined then we are angry.

This is not about the willingness to fight, this is about the willingness to stand up and start defending peoples rights and freedoms. 99% of all humans understand that fighting is an illogical act, we have always known this and we know this even more now then ever. We have mastered language, but we don't use language to our utmost ability, we will continue to suffer and die from this under utilized potential. We can communicate, it is the reason why humans are alive, and when we stop communicating, this is when people suffer and die.

Taking action does not mean that you will change the final outcome, because something's will happen even if you try to stop it. So choose your actions well. It may take more than one action, and it may also take several different types of actions in order to repair something. But if change is inevitable, preparing yourself for change may be the most logical action to take. Doing nothing is never an option because there is no such thing as nothing, something is always happening, whether it's perceived or not.

Uniformitarianism is the assumption that the same natural laws and processes that operate in our present-day scientific observations have always operated in the universe in the past and apply everywhere in the universe.


Activism Quotes - Famous Quotes and Sayings about Activism


Colin Kapernick just do it “Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends [life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness] it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute new government...” -Thomas Jefferson - Why does Power Corrupt?

"Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly." - Martin Luther King, Jr. - Inspired Awakenings.

“When evil men plot, good men must plan. When evil men burn and bomb, good men must build and bind. When evil men shout ugly words of hatred, good men must commit themselves to the glories of love." - Martin Luther King, Jr.

“Courage is an inner resolution to go forward despite obstacles; Cowardice is submissive surrender to circumstances. Courage breeds creativity; Cowardice represses fear and is mastered by it. Cowardice asks the question, is it safe? Expediency ask the question, is it politic? Vanity asks the question, is it popular? But conscience ask the question, is it right? And there comes a time when we must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular, but one must take it because it is right.” - Martin Luther King, Jr. - Favorite Quotes.

“The time is always right to do what is right.” - Martin Luther King, Jr.

"To be neutral and passive is to collaborate" - Howard Zinn

“You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.” - Buckminster Fuller.

Don't just try to change the way things are done, you have to create a new way of doing something that makes the old way of doing something obsolete. Humans have always improved things since the beginning. When we find a better way of doing something, we do it. The path of least resistance is always the most comfortable path, and it is also directly inline with the laws of nature.

"If you want a better world you have to create one, because if you just sit around waiting for a better world, it will never come."

"There can't be any large-scale revolution until there's a personal revolution, on an individual level. It's got to happen inside first.” - Jim Morrison.

"Most powerful is he who has himself in his own power." - Seneca.

"Life is Short and Death Comes to us All, That Means the Time for Action is Now." - Marcus Aurelius

"Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do." - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

“I am only one, but I am one. I cannot do everything, but I can do something. And I will not let what I cannot do interfere with what I can do.” - Edward Everett Hale.

"If you expect the world to be fair with you because you are fair, you’re fooling yourself. That’s like expecting the lion not to eat you because you didn’t eat him." 

“The most common way people give up their power is thinking they don’t have any.” - Alice Walker (via b.marie)

"Those who have the privilege to know have the duty to act." - Albert Einstein.

"Don’t look for someone who will solve all your problems; look for someone who will face them with you. If you really want to do something, you’ll find a way. If you don’t, then you’ll most likely find another excuse." 

Just Don't Complain, Seek Answers.

"When you have to start compromising yourself and your morals for the people around you, it’s probably time to change the people around you." "You cannot change what you refuse to confront." 

The Lottery of Birth (2013) (video)

"Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate." - John F. Kennedy

"Don't wonder about what you do, do what you wonder about" - "When we cannot act as we wish, we must act as we can."

"Sometimes good things fall apart so better things can fall together." Activists.

"If you want a better world you have to create one, because if you just sit around waiting for a better world, it will never come."

"Be the Change you wish to see in the world" - Mahatma Gandhi - Non-Violence.

"First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. - Mahatma Gandhi

3 Stages of Truth: 1: Ridicule. 2: Violence. 3: Acceptance. - Make Change and Adapt.

“During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.” ~Nelson Mandela (wiki)

It's not so much about resistance or fighting back, it's more about bringing attention to what's wrong and what's bad, so that we can do things better and do things right. So it's not so much a protest, it's more about people coming together and realizing that we need to make improvements, and in order to do so, we need to communicate more, face to face.

"Resist much, obey little; Once unquestioning obedience, once fully enslaved; Once fully enslaved, no nation, state, city, of this earth, ever afterward resumes its liberty." Walt Whitman (wiki).

"It's not about who wins, it's about who understands, and what we can learn from this in order to teach others." Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Grace Lee Boggs Change the mind, change the world.

"You cannot change what you refuse to confront."

Sooner or later you will have to take on a whole new set of responsibilities and make sacrifices you never thought possible. These changes will be over whelming at first but you will soon realize that there are great benefits that come from Change.

Never act until you have clearly answered the question: "What happens if I do nothing?" (Robert Brault)

If you want a better world you have to create one, because if you just sit around waiting for a better world, it will never come.

"Be the change you wish to see in the world" - Mahatma Gandhi

"Select your purpose, selfless, without any thought of personal pleasure or personal profit, and then use selfless means to attain your goal…Do not resort to violence even if it seems a promise success; it can only contradict your purpose. Use the means of love and respect even if the result seems far off or uncertain. Then throw yourself heart and soul into the campaign, counting no price too high for working for the welfare of those around you, and every reverse, every defeat will send you deeper into your own deepest resources. Violence can never bring an end to violence, all it can do is provoke more violence.” - Mahatma Gandhi.

The vision must be followed by the venture. It is not enough to stare up the steps - we must step up the stairs. - Vance Havner.

Never confuse movement with action. - Ernest Hemingway - Bystander Effect - Slacktivism.

Doing things is not the same as getting things done. (Jared Silver)

"It's better to show up then to give up."

"Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do."  Johann von Goethe

“You may delay, but time will not.” - Benjamin Franklin.

“To achieve great things, two things are needed; a plan, and not quite enough time.” - Leonard Bernstein

“Don't say you don't have enough time. You have exactly the same number of hours per day that were given to Helen Keller, Pasteur, Michaelangelo, Mother Teresa, Leonardo da Vinci, Thomas Jefferson, and Albert Einstein.” - H. Jackson Brown, Jr.

The great composer does not set to work because he is inspired, but becomes inspired because he is working. - Ernest Newman

Action Speaks Louder than Words..... Shoulda, Coulda, Woulda

"Your ideas will March with us"

Don't find fault. Find a remedy. - Henry Ford

When we commit to action, to actually doing something rather than feeling trapped by events, the stress becomes manageable. - Greg Anderson

Success will never be a big step in the future, success is a small step taken just now. -Jonatan Mårtensson

In skating over thin ice, our safety is in our speed. - Ralph Waldo Emerson

Do not be wise in words - be wise in deeds. -Jewish Proverb

Not everything that is faced can be changed, but nothing can be changed until it is faced. -James Baldwin

We cannot do everything at once, but we can do something at once. - Calvin Coolidge

“Nothing happens until something moves.” - Albert Einstein

Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has. - Margaret Mead

"Even the smallest person can change the course of the future."  "You have to decide what to do with the time that has been given to you." - Lord of the Rings

"The flow from knowledge to action draws upon the complete person with his or her catalyst and synergistic potential." - Ralph Nader

Non Violence does not mean acceptance but resistance. Not waiting, but acting. To be neutral and passive is to collaborate. - Howard Zinn

"Silence is the emptiness of knowledge. When people are silent, its not that they don't care, it's just that some people don't know enough in order to act effectively, but they can easily learn how important their voice is, as well as learn how important their actions are, this takes time and effort, and it's well worth the time and effort."

"We must seek, above all, a world of peace; a world in which people dwell together in mutual respect and work together in mutual regard. A world where peace is not a mere interlude between wars, but an incentive to the creative energies of humanity. We will not find such a peace today, or even tomorrow. The obstacles to hope are large and menacing. Yet the goal of a peaceful world--today and tomorrow-must shape our decisions and inspire our purposes."- John F. Kennedy

"The Power of the People is much stronger then the People in Power"

"Individually we are one drop, together we are an ocean"

"Sticks in a bundle are unbreakable" Collaboration.

"A chain is only as strong as its weakest link."

"Don't ever mistake silence for ignorance, calmness for acceptance or kindness for weakness."

"There is no Path to Peace, Peace is the Path" - Its Just a Shout Away (youtube)

Action is the Real Measure of Intelligence. - Napoleon Hill

If you don't speak your mind you risk losing your mind. Though there is a time and place for everything you'll have a hard time moving past something if you never speak it.

Rebellion is usually a result that comes from people finding out that important information has been kept from them and that people have been lying to them on several occasions.

"If you don't stand for something, you will fall for something" - Conscientious Objector

“The only proper purpose of a government is to protect man's rights, which means: to protect him from physical violence... The only proper functions of a government are: the police, to protect you from criminals; the army, to protect you from foreign invaders; and the courts, to protect your property and contracts from breach or fraud by others, to settle disputes by rational rules, according to objective law.” (John Galt, Atlas Shrugged  (Part 3, Chapter 7, Page 1,062).

“Fight for the value of your person. Fight for the virtue of your pride. Fight for the essence of that which is man: for his sovereign rational mind. Fight with the radiant certainty and the absolute rectitude of knowing that yours is the Morality of Life and that yours is the battle for any achievement, any value, any grandeur, any goodness, any joy that has ever existed on this earth.” (John Galt, Atlas Shrugged  (Part 3, Chapter 7, Page 1,069)

An army of principles can penetrate where an army of soldiers cannot. - Thomas Paine

He who is the author of a war lets loose the whole contagion of hell and opens a vein that bleeds a nation to death.
 - Thomas Paine - Common Sense Pamphlet - Common Sense Pamphlet

I prefer peace. But if trouble must come, let it come in my time, so that my children can live in peace.  -Thomas Paine
The American Crisis - The Crisis

Reason obeys itself; and ignorance submits to whatever is dictated to it. - Thomas Paine

The instant formal government is abolished, society begins to act. A general association takes place, and common interest produces common security. - Thomas Paine

The most formidable weapon against errors of every kind is reason. - Thomas Paine

We have it in our power to begin the world over again. - Thomas Paine - Secularity

"Until everyman is free we are all slaves"

Do something? Or do nothing? I chose to do something. Because the reason why I live is because millions of people did something for me. So doing something is natural. But you still have to initiate it. Just pretending that you're doing something important and valuable doesn't work. You must put things in motion, and when you do, you will feel the power of life, and you will also have a better understanding of your potential.

"My most ardent desire is that my country will recapture its historic opportunity for a peaceful evolution and that Poland will prove to the world that even the most complex situations can be solved by a dialogue and not by force." - Lech Walesa 

Montesquieu was a French political thinker who lived during the Enlightenment and is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, ending of slavery, the preservation of civil liberties and the law, and the idea that political institutions ought to reflect the social and geographical aspects of each community. (1748)

The Spirit of the Laws law, social life, and the study of anthropology and providing more than 3,000 commendations.

Neil deGrasse Tyson The source of the government’s authority is “the consent of the governed.” This means that the government is not the ruler, but the servant or agent of the citizens; it means that the government as such has no rights except the rights delegated to it by the citizens for a specific purpose." - Ayn Rand

The difference between political power and any other kind of social “power,” between a government and any private organization, is the fact that a government holds a legal monopoly on the use of physical force. This distinction is so important and so seldom recognized today that I must urge you to keep it in mind. Let me repeat it: a government holds a legal monopoly on the use of physical force." - Ayn Rand

"No individual or private group or private organization has the legal power to initiate the use of physical force against other individuals or groups and to compel them to act against their own voluntary choice. Only a government holds that power. The nature of governmental action is: *coercive *action. The nature of political power is: the power to force obedience under threat of physical injury—the threat of property expropriation, imprisonment, or death." - Ayn Rand

I know of no safe repository of the ultimate powers of the society but the people themselves; and if we think them not enlightened enough to exercise control with a wholesome discretion the remedy is not to take it from them, but to inform their discretion by education. - Thomas Jefferson

A popular government, without popular information or the means of acquiring it, is but a prologue to a farce or tragedy, or perhaps both. Knowledge will forever govern ignorance, and a people that mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power that knowledge brings. - James Madison

"The essential aim of...the most democratic movements we have is to train ourselves, to learn how to use the work of experts, to find our will, to educate our will, to integrate our wills...it is of equal importance with the discovery of facts to know what to do with them..in politics we do not keep these different kinds of information apart..." - Mary Parker Follett creative experience, 1924.

Supposedly we know and don't purposely suppress the truth, our education is neither inefficient nor irresponsible, and there is no rampant ignorance and irreligion, consequently, whoever is intelligent, educated and presumably honest should in all fairness be allowed to publish his arguments against current doctrine. - John Milton

Areopagitica is a 1644 prose polemic by the English poet, scholar, and polemical author John Milton opposing licensing and censorship.

One never notices what has been done; one can only see what remains to be done. - Marie Curie 

"In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free -- honorable alike in what we give, and what we preserve."
(Abraham Lincoln) - Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln 

"It is essential to release humanity from the false fixations of yesterday, which seem now to bind it to a rationale of action leading only to extinction." - Buckminster Fuller

"There's no such thing as the Western World, there's only ignorant criminals in charge and the ignorant followers who have no idea that they are being manipulated. When people say they hate Americans, what they are really saying is that they hate our leadership and the wealthy people who control our leadership, because American people have no control over what this country does to people here, or in other countries. Democracy is a lie, Americans vote but that's it, American people have almost no control over the decisions that are being made on their behalf, so don't hate Americans, just hate our leaders like the rest of us do, besides you can't hate an entire nation of people just because those people happen to have corrupt and incompetent leadership, or could you judge a person solely on their religion. Everyone on this planet is more alike then you think, we are pretty much all the same, we are good people who are seeking a good life. Our only difference is our leaders, those psychopathic criminals who have been possessed by power. We can fix this, but we have a lot of learning to do.

"What is amazing about these quotes above is that it shows that these same problems have been around for 100's of years, but it still seems like yesterday that we just started this conversation, I guess it takes many lifetimes for us to mature"

"When I here people say, "at least it's not as bad as that place", that is a very disturbing and a very ineffective way of explaining and understanding a problem. Just because things are worse somewhere else does not mean things are OK where you are. If things can be better and improved then you have to make things better. That's how we improve life. Don't compare things to other things that are inferior, because you will never improve and never fully understand just how really messed up things are. Don't use sad excuses, use problem solving, it's a lot more effective." 

It's not uncommon for people, who don't have enough information and knowledge about a subject, to still have strong opinions about that subject. They believe that they know enough and can accurately understand that subject, when they don't. That's why we need to improve how we educate the public about the problems we face. if people can't see the whole picture, or understand the full scope of the problem, they will never be able to know what actions to take in order to solve that problem. So they will continue to complain about that problem or just forget about that problem all together, which is one of the main reasons why we have so many problems, and why we never see the improvements being made, improvements that we all know we are very capable of making.

"No one can be authentically human while he prevents others from being so."

"The reason why you are alive is because someone did something, now it's your turn to do something. not to say that you need to reproduce, but you need to produce something of value, if not, everything dies, just like it has in the past."

Pedagogy of the Oppressed is a book written by educator Paulo Freire, proposes a pedagogy with a new relationship between teacher, student, and society. It was first published in Portuguese in 1968. In the book Freire calls traditional pedagogy the "banking model" because it treats the student as an empty vessel to be filled with knowledge, like a piggy bank. However, he argues for pedagogy to treat the learner as a co-creator of knowledge. Dedicated to the oppressed and based on his own experience helping Brazilian adults to read and write.
Standing out of Line, a step forward
Activism Quotes and Sayings - Inspiration Quotes - Education Quotes - Environmental Quotes - Adventure Quotes - Life Quotes - Photography Quotes - Writing Quotes - Sports Quotes - Money Quotes - Making a Difference - Social Responsibilities - Education Options - Education Blog - The Power of Words and Language - Ideas for Saving the World.

Everyone must fully understand the responsibilities of democracy, freedom, human rights and fairness. And everyone must share and manage these responsibilities in order for us to guarantee that these rights and freedoms are preserved and properly maintained. But in order for us to do this, we must improve education so that students can learn how to manage these responsibilities and fully understand that they are responsible, and not just leaders or people in power. When people share responsibilities, they guarantee the effectiveness and the accuracy of these responsibilities. And sharing these responsibilities will be as easy as reading a newspaper or watching the news. Because when people finally control the news, and control how the news is supposed to be presented and used, then every person on the planet could be a fully informed adult. And when people are accurately informed, they will always take the necessary steps needed to preserve freedoms, rights and fairness. But people don't control the news, or do they control the flow of valuable information and knowledge. So people are left in the dark and are helpless and unable to react accordingly to the problems that we face. So until people are fully educated, we will never have any kind of trust or honesty in politics, never. What is meant by 'Responsible' in the above context: Making sure that you have accurate knowledge about the world and can confirm what is known by having access to trusted networks and groups of people. Making sure that you are educated and skilled enough in order to solve the problems that are a threat to society. Making sure that you know how to use communication, collaboration and cooperation as your main tools for solving problems. Learn to work together as a team.

More Famous Quotes and Sayings about Activism

One person has always made the difference, this is not saying that one person did it alone or that no one helped that one person, it was that they took that extra step, they took a bold move and stood out of line, not just presenting themselves, but representing everyone and everything that has inspired this person in their life, everything accumulating into this one particular action, an idea that must be known. Not just a messenger, or a conduit, a human with a desire to be heard, I want my life to mean something, I want my life to make a difference, I want my life, even if I will not live to see it. So I have take this action, because I can't take action when I'm dead. - "One person can make a difference, because we are all one person."

Joshua Wong student activist is a Hong Kong student activist who serves as secretary general of Demosistō. He is also the convenor and founder of the Hong Kong student activist group Scholarism (now disbanded). Internationally known for his prominent role during the 2014 Umbrella Revolution, his major influence in Hong Kong's pro-democracy movement has resulted in his inclusion in TIME's Most Influential Teens of 2014, nomination for TIME's Person of the Year 2014 and recognition by Fortune as one of the world's greatest leaders in 2015.

2014 Hong Kong Protests occurred in Hong Kong from 26 September to 15 December 2014. The protests began after the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPCSC) issued a decision regarding proposed reforms to the Hong Kong electoral system. The decision was widely seen to be highly restrictive, and tantamount to the Chinese Communist Party's pre-screening of the candidates for the leader of Hong Kong.

When seeking change you have to be careful who you talk to. You want to build a strong network of like minded people who care, but you need to avoid communicating or becoming too friendly with Spies, this way you can avoid having your organization Sabotaged by Thugs. When communicating to people it's a good idea to be polite and non-intimidating so they are comfortable with sharing information and at the same time earn each others trust so that you can depend each other when needed. Your mission is to know who your Allies are, but more importantly, you want to discover who your Enemies are too without them knowing. Thus the saying "Keep your friends close and your enemies closer", meaning you still want to know what the other side is thinking, as well as keep the lines of communication open, because a compromise will be easier to obtain and there will be less resentment and prejudice to deal with after we make the sacrifices that are needed in order to make improvements. This could also help avoid having problems resurface again, or cause improvements not to happen as quickly or as smoothly as they should. Knowing your enemy is being aware of potential threats, because ignoring potential threats is very risky and you could easily increase the possibility of suffering at the hands of ignorance. If dangerous things can be avoided, then you should learn how to avoid them. 

Personal Learning Network

"We wont be chanting slogans of despair and abuse, and holding signs displaying our disgust, we will only be expressing emotions of joy, the joy that you feel when you finally have control over your own life, and also have the ability to improve life for everyone and every living thing on this planet. This will not be a Demonstration, this will be a Celebration!"

Too many of the big decisions are being made by individuals when they should be made by a well informed and educated public, people who are aware of the impacts of their actions and aware of all the choices they have. There's a good way of doing things and there's a bad way of doing things. And too many individuals are choosing the bad way because they believe that money, or power, gives them the right to make bad decisions, which it does not. We know that just having a gun does not give you the right to kill, so why would having money or power give anyone the right to kill, it doesn't, but here we are. We need to make decisions as a whole, a whole family, a whole community, a whole city, a whole state, a whole country, a whole planet. When we work together we are more productive and we do a lot less damage to ourselves and the world. And the more informed the public is about the facts, the better our decisions will be, and the better our world will be.

The Meek Shall Inherit the Earth, but only after the scumbags in power have destroyed it. - Matthew 5:5.

Don't confuse a Humble spirit or manner with cowed submissiveness that is willing to yield to the will of another person or a superior force. Humans did not get this far by being meek. Strong Minded, but not Stubborn.



Famous Speech's - Famous Rants - Art + Activism


Charlie Chaplin - Famous Speech (Adolf Hitler's style) (youtube) - 1940
Dwight D Eisenhower Speech - War is a Racket - 1961
John F. Kennedy Speech - 1963
Mario Savio: The Operation of the Machine (youtube) - California, Berkeley 12/2/1964
Peter Finch Mind Control Speech in the 1976 Movie called 'Network' (youtube) - 1976
Charles Bukowski - Born Into This - Dinosauria, We (poem) - 1980?
Life Is Worth Losing - Dumb Americans - George Carlin (youtube) - Satire 2005
America's Not the Greatest Country Any Longer... But It Can (youtube) - The New's Room 2012
NETWORK, Sidney Lumet, 1976 - I'm Mad As Hell and I'm Not Gonna Take This Anymore! (youtube)
To stay calm while telling the government what to do.- Vic Dibitetto

Famous Speeches (secrecy) - Commencement Speeches - Famous Speeches

Rant is a loud recitation of a speech expressed with strong emotion that is intended to attract notice and impress others. Talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner. A pompous or pretentious talk or writing.

Protest Art refers to creative works that concern or are produced by activists and social movements. Inspiration - Motivation.

I would like see a screen play titled "It's Not Fucking Fair".  A Life Devoid of Hope..An intimate look at the Injustices, Disparities and Problems that are plaguing our world. A tearful heart wrenching rant followed by real solutions that every person can be involved in. First you will experience the tears of pain, the shame and the disgust. But then it will be followed by tears of joy and the over whelming feeling of power that is within everyone to solve every problem on this planet. I'm thinking a one person play that is the combination of these examples....Alternate name, or second act, What the Fuck is That? Or WTF, or WTFIT for short, this way you can promote it. Profanity is not always the answer.

"Everyone has Blood on their Hands" is a title of a short film that will be similar to the 1998 movie They Live. This short film is about people being able to see the blood on their hands. The blood on the hands represents people who have contribute to the deaths of people by the type of work that they do or from impacts from their style of living, like politicians, bankers, fast food industries, processed food manufactures, pharmaceutical companies, war mongers, people on fox news, fossil fuel industries, manufacturers of stupid and hazardous products, certain lawyers, certain judges, certain schools, and so on. In one scene a father is explaining to his child why some people can't see the blood on their hands, while others do see the blood but do nothing about it. The child also asks why there are people with no blood on their hands, (the father answers) those are the people making better choices, choices that don't cause people to die, or harm the air, land, food and water. That's why we have no blood on our hands, because we understand more. And now it's are job to show others how they can understand more, and eventually everything will be beautiful. Enlightenment.


Actions Speak Loader than Words


People must understand that in a Democracy, elections hardly ever fix major problems. Only the public can fix their problems. Citizens are the only sure way to fix problems. So the public has to learn how to fix their problems because relying on leaders to fix problems only works to a certain degree. Just voting is inadequate and a very dysfunctional way to manage our problems. People have to learn how to act accordingly to the procedures of problem solving.

Owned and Operated (youtube)

Give the people a voice and we'll promise not to camp in public places. Instead of protesting we will only gather to share ideas.

Occupy Wall Street

If we are ever going to truly communicate, we have to learn to share our media communication tools. In order to understand our problems we need to present our most important information in a way that everyone is given a chance to understand this information. - Casseroles - Montréal, 24 Mai 2012.

We have to learn to effectively use our technology and resources instead of just wasting and abusing them. Revolutionary actions, supported by ideals and events in The Declaration of Independence, will require more than assembling and petitioning. They will entail mass occupations of government buildings, political offices, and the media-to ensure freedom of access. Revolutionary acts will topple statues, tar and feather corrupt politicians-appointed through managed and fraudulent elections. General strikes, sabotage, shadowing members of the corporate state, even razing vacant Summer and Winter mansions, will be crucial...More

Politics-501 (Amazon) - Human Rights

Open Source Communications

Protesting for Improvements....This would make a nice add in the News Paper?
Protesters are a way of showing people that there are people who care.
Protesters are a way of showing people that there are people who are aware.
Protesters are a way of showing people that there are people who are willing to stand there.
Protesters are people who are willing to commit themselves to an open discourse about our biggest problems.
These open conversations should be happening more often but sadly they do not.
And this lack of communication is causing degradation to ourselves and degradation to the only living planet in our solar system. And you wonder why people protest?

Citizens of Planet Earth, it is time to wake up..Father the Sleeper has Awaken (youtube)

Protesters are not worried so much about the lack of support from the people who are unaware of the problems. Protesters are not even worried about the people who are aware of the problems and consciously do nothing to stop the problem, with some even making it worse. Protesters are mostly worried about the large majority of people who do care about their world but are to afraid to act. Those people are the most important people in the world. For any improvements to be successful we need to let those people know that they are not alone and that they can overcome their fears and that they can make a difference in themselves and make a difference in their world. We will stand in the streets and wait for you, join us, we would love to see you.

"We will have to repent in this generation not merely for the vitriolic words and actions of the bad people, but for the appalling silence of the good people." - Martin Luther King, Jr.


Posters for Protesters - Protester Board - A Living Billboard


Lightweight Combination Message Board and Shield, Table and Shelter. Biodegradable and Recyclable. Flat white board that can display every letter in the alphabet using black Velcro letters and Strips. You can then display one big letter at a time when people stand side by side in a row to display a message. You can also put on a show for people passing by. Showing some creativity when displaying messages. ProtesterBoard can also be a lightweight table with 4 lightweight legs that fold out. 2 legs can be folded down so that the sign can be rested on 2 legs so the person does not have to support the full weight of the sign when standing for long hours. The ProtesterBoard can also be displayed on the ground when the ProtesterBoard is tilted up on 2 legs. This way the person can take a break when there’s no one to replace them. The ProtesterBoard can also be used as a shelter when water resistant material is draped over the table. The ProtesterBoard can also be fitted with backpack straps so that it can be carried on the back. The ProtesterBoard Size should around 26" X 17". Personal Size Bullet Proof Whiteboards could also be very useful. You will be a Living Billboard (Communicating Silently and Peacefully, 24 hours a Day if needed). Being able to change or modify your message is essential for effective communication.

Sandwich Board is two boards (holding a message or graphic) and being either carried by a person, with one board in front and one behind, creating a "sandwich" effect; or Set up (for example next to a store advertising its goods) in a triangle shape, hinged along the top.

Human Billboard is someone who holds or wears a sign of some sort in order to attract attention. Sign holders are known as human directionals.

Banner Stands

Information Attendants: How about having 40 or more people with Tablet PC's, so that when IPad people stand together each mobile computer becomes a big letter, so when placed together you can have a message big enough to read from some distance. And when people approach the people with Mobile Computers then the people with PC's can educate the people about what's happening in there community and around the world. You can also give people information on how to help. Then eventually you will have permanent Information Stations in every town in America.

Database Operators - Open Air Education

"Having an idea is one thing, taking action on that idea is another, and how that action and idea actually manifests, well that's what's called Discovery."



Protest Songs - Songs for Protesters


Song Music Symbol Protest Song is a song that is associated with a movement for social change and hence part of the broader category of topical songs (or songs connected to current events). It may be folk, classical, or commercial in genre. Resilience.

Swingjugend or Swing Youth or Swing Kids, were a group of jazz and swing lovers in Germany in the 1930s, mainly in Hamburg and Berlin. Formed in Hamburg in 1939, they were composed of 14 to 21-year-old boys and girls in high school, most of them middle- or upper-class students, but with some apprentice workers as well. They admired the British and American way of life, defining themselves in swing music and opposing the Nazism or Fascism ideology, especially the Hitler Youth. (German: Hitlerjugend).

50 Protest Songs - 60's Protest Songs - 80's Protest Songs - 10 Best Protest Songs.

Protest Songs in the U.S. (wiki)
The Times They Are A Changin - Bob Dylan 1964 (youtube) - The song was a deliberate attempt to create an anthem of change for the time.
Killing in the Name - Rage Against The Machine (youtube)
Guerrilla Radio - Rage Against The Machine (youtube)
Wake Up: Rage Against The Machine (youtube)
Fight The Power - Public Enemy (youtube)
Prophets of Rage - Radical Eyes (youtube)
Prophets of Rage - Living On The 110 (youtube)
One Tin Soldier - Billy Jack (1971) (youtube)
Bachman Turner Overdrive "Hey You" Hey you, you say you want to change the world / It's alright, with me there's no regret / It's my turn, the circle game has brought me here / And I won't let down 'till every song is set.
List of Anti-War Songs (wiki)
Sunday Bloody Sunday – U2 (1983) (youtube)
Get Up Stand Up – Bob Marley (1973) (youtube)
War – Edwin Starr (1970) (youtube)
Saul Williams - List Of Demands (youtube)
Arcade Fire - Wake Up (youtube)
One Day- Matisyahu (youtube)
M.I.A. Paper Planes (youtube)
Buffalo Springfield - Stop Children What's That Sound (youtube)
Whisper To A Scream (Birds Fly) - Icicle Works (youtube)
The Who (we wont get fooled again)
LCD Soundsystem - North American Scum (youtube)
Tricky - Black Steel (Been Caught Steeling) (youtube)
The States of Exit (video)
Gorillaz Clint Eastwood (youtube)
Les Misérables (2012) - Les Miserables (wiki)
American Woman: The Guess Who (Whole Version) (youtube)
Melanie - Lay Down (Candles in the Rain) (youtube)
The Youngbloods - Get Together (youtube)
Barry McGuire - Eve of Destruction (youtube)
Vietnam War-House of the Rising Sun (youtube)
Paint it Black - Vietnam War (youtube)
Alice's Restaurant - Original 1967 Recording by Arlo Guthrie (youtube - 18 mins.)
Soundtrack for a Revolution (2001 Video)
We're Not Gonna Take It - Twisted Sister (youtube)
Twelve Thirty (Young Girls Are Coming To The Canyon) The Mamas & The Papas (youtube) - I can no longer keep my blinds drawn, And I can't keep myself from talking.
A Century Of Black Music Against State Violence.

Greatest Songs (#1 songs made) - Sound of freedom (1/2) | DW Documentary (youtube)

Rossini - William Tell: Overture (youtube) - Charge Bugle Call - Cavalry Charge Bugle Call - Reveille (wiki)

Ball of Confusion - The Temptations -1971 (youtube)
Don't make a scene. Look the other way
People movin' out, people movin' in.
Why, because of the color of their skin.
Run, run, run, but you sho' can't hide
An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.
Vote for me and I'll set you free
Rap on, brother, rap on.
Well, the only person talkin' 'bout love thy brother is the preacher
And it seems nobody's interested in learning but the teacher
Segregation, determination, demonstration, integration, aggravation,
humiliation, obligation to our nation
Ball Of Confusion that's what the world is today (yeah, yeah)
The sale of pills is at an all time high
young folks walkin' 'round with their heads in the sky
Cities aflame in the summer time, and oh the beat goes on
Eve of destruction, tax deduction,
City inspectors, bill collectors,
Evolution, revolution, gun control, the sound of soul,
Shootin' rockets to the moon, kids growin' up too soon
Politicians say more taxes will solve ev'rything, and the band played on.
Round and round and around we go, where the world's headed nobody knows.
Great googa mooga, can't you hear me talkin' to you, just a
Ball of Confusion that's what the world is today. (yeah, yeah)
Fear in the air, tension ev'rywhere
Unemployment rising fast, the Beatle's new record's a gas,
and the only safe place to live is on an Indian reservation,
and the band played on
Eve of destruction, tax deduction,
City inspectors, bill collectors, mod clothes in demand,
population out of hand, suicide too many bills, hippies movin' to the hills
People all over the world are shouting end the war and the band played on.
Round and round and around we go, where the world's headed nobody knows.
Great googa mooga, can't you hear me talkin' to you, just a
Ball of Confusion that's what the world is today
Let me hear you, let me hear you, let me hear you
Ball Of Confusion that's what the world is today.
Love and Rockets 1985 - Ball Of Confusion (youtube)

We Will Rock You - Queen (youtube)
Buddy you're a boy make a big noise
Playin' in the street gonna be a big man some day
You got mud on yo' face
You big disgrace
Kickin' your can all over the place
Singin'
We will we will rock you
We will we will rock you
Buddy you're a young man hard man
Shouting in the street gonna take on the world some day
You got blood on yo' face
You big disgrace
Wavin' your banner all over the place
We will we will rock you
Sing it
We will we will rock you
Buddy you're an old man poor man
Pleadin' with your eyes gonna make
You some peace some day
You got mud on your face
Big disgrace
Somebody betta put you back into your place
We will we will rock you
Sing it
We will we will rock you
Everybody
We will we will rock you
We will we will rock you
Alright

We Are The Champions - Queen (youtube)
I've paid my dues
Time after time
I've done my sentence
But committed no crime
And bad mistakes
I've made a few
I've had my share of sand kicked in my face
But I've come through
We are the champions, my friends
And we'll keep on fighting 'til the end
We are the champions
We are the champions
No time for losers
'Cause we are the champions of the world
I've taken my bows
And my curtain calls
You brought me fame and fortune and everything that goes with it
I thank you all
But it's been no bed of roses
No pleasure cruise
I consider it a challenge before the whole human race
And I ain't gonna lose
We are the champions, my friends
And we'll keep on fighting 'til the end
We are the champions
We are the champions
No time for losers
'Cause we are the champions of the world
We are the champions, my friends
And we'll keep on fighting 'til the end
We are the champions
We are the champions
No time for losers
'Cause we are the champions.

Kate Tempest - Europe Is Lost (youtube) - Europe is lost, America lost, London lost, Still we are clamouring victory, All that is meaningless rules, We have learned nothing from history. Ghettoised children murdered in broad daylight, by those employed to protect them. Half a generation live beneath the breadline, Oh, but it's happy hour on the high street.

Portugal. The Man - "Feel It Still" (Official Video) (youtube) - Ooh woo, I'm a rebel just for kicks, now, I been feeling it since 1966, now...1986.

Bella Ciao is an Italian protest folk song that originated in the hardships of the mondina women, the paddy field workers in the late 19th century who sang it to protest against harsh working conditions in the paddy fields of North Italy. The song was adopted as an anthem of the anti-fascist resistance: by the Italian partisans between 1943 and 1945 during the Italian Resistance, the resistance of Italian partisans against the Nazi German forces occupying Italy, during the Italian Civil War, and the Italian partisan struggle against the fascist Italian Social Republic and its Nazi German allies. Versions of "Bella ciao" are sung worldwide as an anti-fascist hymn of freedom and resistance. Wind Of Change - Scorpions (youtube)



Films about Protesting - Protest Documentaries


Film Movie Symbol Battle in Seattle (youtube) Website.
Under Occupation: Toronto G20 Operation (youtube)
Egypt (youtube)
2004 Republican Convention Protest
Fault Lines : Chile Rising (youtube)
Velvet Revolution
Arab Spring
The Arab Awakening - Seeds of Revolution (youtube)
Derrick J's Victimless Crime Spree (youtube)
Pepper Spray Attack by Police (youtube)
Cop Block - Clint 4 P
Jeff Dowd the Dude abides is the Big Lebowski and a long time activist and member of the Seattle 7 Liberation Front
India's Anti Graft Anti Corruption Movement
Anna Hazare
People and Power - Egypt: Seeds of Change (youtube)
Winter of Discontent 
Casseroles - Montréal, 24 Mai 2012
Fault Lines : History of an Occupation (youtube)
Nation of Exiles (vimeo)
Money Documentaries
Media Literacy - Surveillance Abuse
Let Your Life Be a Friction to Stop the Machine (youtube)
Occupy Documentaries
Utopia on the Horizon (youtube)
Across the Frontlines - Ending the Nuba Genocide (youtube)
Operation Broken Silence
The Weight of Chains
Anaheim: A Tale of Two Cities (youtube)
Ground Zero: Seria (youtube)
Crisis In The Congo- Uncovering The Truth (youtube)
Heather Brooke: My Battle to Expose Government Corruption (youtube)
America's 2nd Revolutionary War (youtube)
Pure History : Prisoners of War Betrayed (youtube)
Crossroads: Labor Pains of a New Worldview (youtube)
The Mafia Is Trashing Italy... Literally (Part 1) (youtube)
Karen Tse: How to Stop Torture (video)
War Documentaries
Don Quixote of the jungle: Amazon: Last call (youtube)
Department of Isolated Indians
The Pipe (2012) (hulu)
Death of a Nation: The Timor Conspiracy (vimeo)
The Hunger Games: Catching Fire (youtube)
The Peacewalker Ashin Sopaka is a Burmese exile (vimeo)
People & Power - Goodbye Indonesia (youtube)
Street Politics 101 (vimeo) 
"I don't like the destruction of public property, protesters should use more intelligent methods."
Freedom Riders (wiki)
Freedom Riders Documentary (pbs)
Mahatma Gandhi (wiki)
Gandhi (1982) (youtube)
The Internet's Own Boy: The Story of Aaron Swartz (youtube)
Cesar Chavez (youtube) - Community Service Organization
3 lessons of revolutionary love in a time of rage: Valarie Kaur (video and text)
How protest is redefining democracy around the world: Zachariah Mampilly (video and text)
Kwame Nkrumah was a Ghanaian politician and revolutionary. He was the first prime minister and president of Ghana, having led it to independence from Britain in 1957. An influential advocate of Pan-Africanism, Nkrumah was a founding member of the Organization of African Unity and winner of the Lenin Peace Prize in 1962.

The Year of Living Dangerously is a 1982 Australian romantic drama film directed by Peter Weir and co-written by Weir and David Williamson. It was adapted from Christopher Koch's 1978 novel The Year of Living Dangerously. The story is about a love affair set in Indonesia during the overthrow of President Sukarno. It follows a group of foreign correspondents in Jakarta on the eve of an attempted coup by the 30 September Movement in 1965. The film stars Mel Gibson as Australian journalist Guy Hamilton, and Sigourney Weaver as British Embassy officer Jill Bryant. It also stars Linda Hunt as the male dwarf Billy Kwan, Hamilton's local photographer contact, a role for which Hunt won the 1983 Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. The film was shot in both Australia and the Philippines and includes Australian actors Bill Kerr as Colonel Henderson and Noel Ferrier as Wally O'Sullivan. It was banned from being shown in Indonesia until 1999, after the forced resignation of coup-leader and political successor Suharto in 1998. The title The Year of Living Dangerously is a quote which refers to a famous Italian phrase used by Sukarno; vivere pericolosamente, meaning "living dangerously". Sukarno used the line for the title of his Indonesian Independence Day speech of 1964. Official Trailer (youtube).

Our Generation - Full length version (2010, 73 min.) Australia's horrific abuse of Aboriginal People. Ethnic Studies.
Utopia (2013 - 1:51) The oldest continuous human culture in the world is the first people of Australia, are suffering from a suppressed colonial past and rapacious present day abuses. An investigation by John Pilger.
Abuses of American Indians - Native Americans
Boniface Mwangi: The Day I Stood Up Alone (video)
The Term: Opposing Putin (2014 - 52 min.)
Will Potter: The Shocking move to Criminalize Non-Violent Protest (video)
How to Change the World Movie Mind Bomb
Owned & Operated 1:48:06
Published on Apr 15, 2012
Sons of the Clouds: The Last Colony (10/16/2012 | 1 hr. 21 min.)
Revealing the reality in Western Sahara. Morocco needs to stop violating the Human Rights of the Sahrawi People where nearly 200,000 are living in Refugee Camps, some have been living in exile for over 40 years.
Pirate for the Sea is the biography of Paul Watson, the most influential ocean environmental activist ever. (08/30/2008 | 1 hr. 41 min.)  "The most powerful weapon in the world, as far as I'm concerned, is the camera." Activist Facts - Eco-Action

Say No to Palm Oil. The industry is linked to major issues such as Deforestation, habitat degradation, climate change, animal cruelty and indigenous rights abuses in the countries where it is produced, as the land and forests must be cleared for the development of the oil palm plantations. According to the World Wildlife Fund, an area the equivalent size of 300 football fields of rainforest is cleared each hour to make way for palm oil production. This large-scale deforestation is pushing many species to extinction, and findings show that if nothing changes species like the orangutan could. Climate Focus.

Saying No to Red Meat also has similar benefits as not buying products with palm oil, not eating red meat is also healthier for you, and the planet.

Don't Eat Bananas from Chiquita or Dole: Banana Land - Blood, Bullets & Poison (English) - Banana Land Movie WebsiteUnited Fruit Company (UFC) exploits the land and the people. - Banana Republic. United Fruit paid the right-wing United Self Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC). United Fruit Company mass-murder in Columbia Banana Massacre. United Fruit encompasses all Chiquita, Dole, and Fresh Express brands. Chiquita Corruption blogspot - Corpwatch. DBCP Soil fumigant formerly used in American agriculture. Mancozeb - Fungicide - Occidental Petroleum - Banana (wiki). Social, Economic, and Environmental Issues: Workers are exposed to harmful chemicals that have carcinogenic properties causing high rates of cervical cancer, testicular cancer, Male infertility and leukemia in non-organic banana farms. The pesticides used to grow on non-organic banana crops permeate the drainage ditches and rivers. At least 25% of pesticides sprayed on bananas miss their mark and land in farms, ponds, or streams. 90% of Costa Rica’s reefs have been killed by pesticides used to grow non-organic bananas. In Costa Rica, the banana industry is one of the largest job industries in the nation. However, the government allows companies to hire workers for no more than 3 months, meaning at least 70% or workers don’t receive health, social security, and vacation benefits. With decreased job security comes the higher rates of alcoholism, sexual abuse, drug abuse, and prostitution in poor banana communities. Eating Bananas - Fair-Trade. Costa Rican produced bananas generate 550-700 million dollars when exported to the United States. The corporations keep almost all of this money, generating nearly no money for the countries who grow them. Bananas crops require Costa Rican marshlands to be drained, removing tropical plants and wildlife, etc. This depletes the land of nutrients to form a “homogenous chemical landscape.” 18 tree species are now extinct. Increased rates of deforestation in Central America and the Caribbean because of the increased demand for bananas worldwide. Where does your fruit come from and at what cost? | DW Documentary (youtube) - Organic Food.

2019 Hong Kong Anti-Extradition Bill Protests are a series of demonstrations in Hong Kong against an extradition bill proposed by the government of Hong Kong. If enacted, the bill would allow local authorities to detain and extradite people who are wanted in territories that Hong Kong does not have extradition agreements with, including mainland China and Taiwan. Some fear the bill would place Hong Kongers and visitors under mainland Chinese jurisdiction, undermining the autonomy of the region and citizens' rights. Demonstrations against the bill began in March and April, but escalated in June. Hundreds of thousands of people marched in protests of the bill on 9 June. Protests on 12 June, the day the bill was scheduled to a second reading in the Legislative Council, marked a sharp escalation in violence. Riot police employed tear gas and rubber bullets against demonstrators. Subsequently, investigations into police behavior and greater accountability for their actions became part of protestor demands. A larger march occurred on 16 June. On 1 July, hundreds of thousands of people participated in the annual July marches. A portion of these demonstrators split from the march and broke into the Legislative Council Complex, vandalising central government symbols. Chief Executive Carrie Lam suspended the extradition bill on 15 June,[30] saying it was "dead" on 9 July. She did not say the bill would be fully withdrawn. Executive Council members Regina Ip and Bernard Charnwut Chan said that the government does not intend to make further concessions. Protests continued through the summer, escalating into increasingly violent confrontations, including the 22 July 2019 Yuen Long attack, between police, activists, pro-Beijing triad members, and local residents in over 20 different neighbourhoods throughout the region. As demonstrations continue, protestors are calling for an independent inquiry on police brutality, the release of arrested protesters, a retraction of the official characterisation of the protests as "riots", and direct elections to choose Legislative Council members and the Chief Executive.

Battleground PolyU. Tensions in the ongoing protests in Hong Kong reached its peak in the middle of November 2019 after a protester was shot by a traffic policeman.

Anti-government protesters flock to Hong Kong park for major rally on eleventh consecutive weekend of unrest (south china morning post) - Protest Skills and Techniques (tear gas protection).

Indian Farmers' Protest is an ongoing protest against three farm acts which were passed by the Parliament of India in September 2020, that would leave farmers at the "mercy of corporates". Farmer unions and their representatives have demanded that the laws be repealed and will not accept anything short of it. 2020 Indian Agriculture Acts include: The Farmers' Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 expands the scope of trade areas of farmers' produce from select areas to "any place of production, collection, aggregation". Allows electronic trading and e-commerce of scheduled farmers' produce. Prohibits state governments from levying any market fee, cess, or levy on farmers, traders, and electronic trading platforms for the trade of farmers' produce conducted in an 'outside trade area'. Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020. Provides a legal framework for farmers to enter into pre-arranged contracts with buyers including mention of pricing. Defines a dispute resolution mechanism. Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020. Removes foodstuff such as cereals, pulses, potato, onions, edible oilseeds, and oils, from the list of essential commodities, removing stockholding limits on agricultural items produced by Horticulture techniques except under "extraordinary circumstances". Requires that imposition of any stock limit on agricultural produce only occur if there is a steep price rise. Minimum Support Price is an agricultural product price, set by the Government of India to purchase directly from the farmer. This is not enforceable by law. By definition, this rate is to safeguard the farmer to a minimum profit for the harvest, if the open market has lesser price than the cost incurred. The Indian government sets the price for 23 commodities twice a year. Since 2009, the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices fixes the MSP of a crop based on: Cost of production, demand, supply, price fluctuations, market price trends, different costs and international market prices, agricultural wage rate. Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices as of 15 February 2021, the farmers' demands include: Convene a special Parliament session to repeal the farm laws. Make MSP and state procurement of crops a legal right. Assurances that conventional procurement system will remain. Implement Swaminathan Panel Report and peg MSP at least 50% more than weighted average cost of production. Cut diesel prices for agricultural use by 50%. Repeal of Commission on Air Quality Management in NCR and the adjoining Ordinance 2020 and removal of punishment and fine for stubble burning. Release of farmers arrested for burning paddy stubble in Punjab. Abolishing the Electricity Ordinance 2020. Centre should not interfere in state subjects, decentralization in practice. Withdrawal of all cases against and release of farmer leaders.



Police Brutality - Criminals with Badges


Police Brutality, Police Aggression and Racial Profiling has been a serious problem for many years and is a cancer in our society. Not all Cops are bad and not all cops will attack civilians, but sadly there's too many that will. What's really disturbing is how police, who have sworn duty to the constitution, can disrespect their uniform and their country by becoming criminals and puppets for corporations. It's like the police have been brainwashed. Our country was formed by protesting, so everything that you have is from the efforts of protesters. Attacking a protester is an attack on America and a crime against humanity.

Training Needs to Improve - Education Needs to Improve - Need Oversight - Accountability

Police Failing to Ensure Right to Protest, Endangering Lives. “U.S. police across the country are failing their obligations under international law to respect and facilitate the right to peaceful protest, exacerbating a tense situation and endangering the lives of protesters. In city after city, we are witnessing actions that could be considered unnecessary or excessive force.

Police should greet the protesters in this way, announce to them over load speakers that.."We the Police will not stand in your way of protesting or impeded your constitutional right to bear grievance. We the police are here to make sure that this protest is a peaceful protest and a productive protest. We the police are here to stop looting, violence and damage to property. We will stand only on the side of this protest and walk with you. Please confirm that all the protesters who are present understand our intentions and understand why are presence is needed. Thank you.

People Protesting Police Brutality should not be attacked, threatened and abused by police while protesting. People protesting police violence should not be subjected to more police violence and aggression. You can't defend ignorance using more ignorance. Police using teargas, rubber bullets and flashbang grenades against protesters, and police assaulting journalists, is just confirming that too many police are incompetent and ignorant. And because of the coronavirus, people are suffering and struggling to live. And when you add police brutality, you are antagonizing already desperate people who have no patience for abuse. And when you have a moron in power, you are just making things worse by acting like psychopaths. Policing is a Racket just like war. Police: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) (youtube).

Kettling is a police tactic for controlling large crowds during demonstrations or protests. It involves the formation of large cordons of police officers who then move to contain a crowd within a limited area. Protesters are left only one choice of exit controlled by the police – or are completely prevented from leaving, with the effect of denying the protesters access to food, water and toilet facilities for a time period determined by the police forces. The tactic has proved controversial, in part because it has resulted in the detention of ordinary bystanders as well as protesters. In March 2012 kettling was ruled lawful by the European Court of Human Rights following a legal challenge. Chilling Effect.

Authority Abuses - Initiations - Aggression - Militarization

Unidentified Armed Personnel wearing insignia-free uniforms has appeared policing street protests in Washington, D.C. Some officers have refused to provide identification and have been deployed without identifying insignias, badges and name plates. Cowards and ignorant criminals don't like to identify themselves. You're a coward because you're afraid to do what is right. A gun and a position of authority is not supposed to override human reasoning or human intelligence. Money is no excuse either, because we have a much better job for you, defending Americas constitution and the people who stand by it.

Rep. Pramila Jayapal challenges Barr on uneven protest response (youtube)
Navy Vet Chris David Describes Getting Beaten and Pepper Sprayed in Portland (youtube)

Justice System Crimes and Abuses (police partners in crime) - Republican Far Right.

Cities spend tens of millions of dollars on lawsuits over police violence and killings. But municipalities are effectively using residents to mortgage the cost. Minneapolis is already very familiar with how how much this could cost the city — it paid more than $25 million for police misconduct between 2003 and 2019, including $20 million in one 2019 payout alone for the police killing of Justine Ruszczyk. The city agreed to pay nearly $800,000 for the police killing of Terrance Franklin in February.

8 Minutes and 46 Seconds: The Killing of George Floyd | Full Documentary (youtube)

Minneapolis Council Moves To Defund Police, Establish 'Holistic' Public Safety Force.

Kentucky Town Hires Social Workers instead of more officers. Instead of hiring an additional officer and taking on the added expenses of equipping that officer, the police chief at the time hired a social worker to respond in tandem with officers. There has been a significant drop in repeat 911 calls with approximately 15 percent fewer people going to jail. It was close to a $45,000 to $50,000 annual savings from hiring a police officer the first time to hiring a social worker. The town now employs two full-time social workers to work and respond with its 17 officers. The social worker is like a second responder. They go on scene with the officer, but that’s only after it’s secured and safe for the social worker to enter.

Qualified Immunity is a license to kill and a get out of jail free card for ignorant abusive scumbags. We can't have public servants ignorantly believing that they're above the law. If police forces think that officers will quit their jobs if they're not allowed to kill people, then that's good thing, because we don't need violent criminals with bad intent. If the police think it will be hard for them to hire new police officers, that's a lie. Being a police officer is a good job with good pay, good benefits and a good retirement. So every state and city will always have enough people who would love to be police officers, people who would love to be of service to their communities. Ignorant Scumbags need not apply. We're looking for a few good men, and more women.


Wall of Silence


Blue Wall of Silence denote the alleged informal code of silence among police officers not to report on a colleague's errors, misconducts, or crimes, including police brutality. If questioned about an incident of alleged misconduct involving another officer (e.g., during the course of an official inquiry), while following the code, the officer being questioned would perjure themselves by feigning ignorance of another officer's wrongdoing. Blue Mafia.

When good cops are passive, they become accessories to crimes committed by bad cops. Conformity Dangers.

Spiral of Silence states that a social group or society might isolate or exclude members due to the members' opinions. This stipulates that individuals have a fear of isolation. This fear of isolation consequently leads to remaining silent instead of voicing opinions. Media are an important factor that influences both the dominant idea and people's perception of what the dominant idea is. The assessment of one's social environment may not always correlate with reality.

Silent Majority is an unspecified large group of people in a country or group who do not express their opinions publicly.
People are afraid to speak publicly about their opinions because they do not want people to know how ignorant they are or how corrupt they are. If you See Something then Say Something - Right to Remain Silent.

Pluralistic Ignorance is a situation in which a majority of group members privately reject a norm, but go along with it because they assume, incorrectly, that most others accept it. Asch Conformity Experiments - Stanford Prison Experiment.

Internal Affairs investigates incidents and possible suspicions of law-breaking and professional misconduct attributed to officers on the force. It is thus a mechanism of limited self-governance, "a police force policing itself". No Accountability - No Transparency - No Justice.

National Decertification Index is to serve as a national registry of certificate or license revocation actions relating to officer misconduct. Training.


Aggression - Excessive Force


Police Brutality or Police Violence is legally defined as a civil rights violation where officers exercise undue or excessive force against a subject. This includes, but is not limited to, physical or verbal harassment, physical or mental injury, property damage, and death. In some countries, "the color of law" protects officers from ambiguous situations. Police aggression is one of several forms of police misconduct, which include: false arrest; intimidation; racial profiling; political repression; surveillance abuse; sexual abuse; and police corruption. Terror.

Excessive Force by a law enforcement officer is a violation of a person's constitutional rights. The use of force greater than that which a reasonable and prudent law enforcement officer would use under the circumstances is generally considered to be excessive. Lack of Training.

Use of Force is the amount of effort required by police to compel compliance by an unwilling subject. The aim of such doctrines is to balance the needs of security with ethical concerns for the rights and well-being of intruders or suspects.

Strong Arm is the use of force or violence, or to coerce people by using threats, intimidation or bullying. Strong Arm tactic is a method or a type of behavior that involves using force and threats to make people do what you want.

Law and Order is a threat for a strict criminal justice system through stricter criminal penalties, even when it's a violation human rights. Law and Order is generally an outdated right-wing weapon that is used to attack minorities and also used to suppress protesters who are seeking human rights or independence from a terrorist state.

Belligerence is a hostile or warlike attitude. A disposition to be hostile and eager to fight without logical reasons.

Targeting is lethal and nonlethal actions to those targets to create specific desired effects. Deliberate targeting prosecutes anticipated or known targets within a given operational area and timeframe. Dynamic targeting is more immediate responsiveness compared to deliberate targeting. Racial Profiling - Discrimination - Prejudice.

Carrying Tasers increases police use of force, study finds. The Thin Blue Lie (npr)

Weapons Effect refers to the mere presence of a weapon or a picture of a weapon leading to more aggressive behavior in humans, particularly if these humans are already aroused. Deterrence theory.

Aggression is overt, often harmful, social interaction with the intention of inflicting damage or other unpleasantness upon another individual. It may occur either in retaliation or without provocation. Crime of Aggression.

Shoot to Kill - Murder - Kidnapping - Arrest - Torture - Domestic Terrorism

Warning Shot (Deadly Force, PDF) - Training - Use of Force - Police Executive Research Forum

Use of Force Continuum is a standard that provides law enforcement officers and civilians with guidelines as to how much force may be used against a resisting subject in a given situation.

Force is an act of aggression against a person. A powerful effect or influence. One possessing or exercising power or influence or authority.

Police Misconduct refers to inappropriate or illegal actions taken by police officers in connection with their official duties.

Dereliction of Duty is a service member who is derelict has willfully refused to perform his duties (or follow a given order) or has incapacitated himself in such a way that he cannot perform his duties.

Accountability - Anger Management

Assault is an attempt to initiate harmful or offensive contact with a person, or a threat to do so. It is distinct from battery, which refers to the actual achievement of such contact.

Is Wall Street Profiting From Police Brutality? Taxpayers are paying double for police brutality settlements thanks to cities and towns buying bonds from Wall Street to finance payouts for officer misconduct.

Crack Down is to take severe, strict or stern measures in enforcing obedience to laws or regulations.

Logic - America ft. Black Thought, Chuck D, Big Lenbo, No I.D. (youtube)

Connecticut's Police used Tasers 650 times in 2015.

Black men were about three times more likely to be Tased than simply warned. For Latino men, it was over 40 percent more likely to be Tased than warned. For white men, the chance of being Tased or warned were about the same. Police claim that Tasers are a tool that's used to gain compliance for people being uncooperative.

Tear Gas Knowledge - Special Prosecutor

Non-Lethal Weapon are weapons intended to be less likely to kill a living target than conventional weapons such as knives and firearms. No Guns for Police Officers Reduces Gun Violence.

Blue Mafia: The behavior portrayed by men in male dominated organizations like firefighting, the police, the military, and even in schools and other institutions, they blur the line between harassment and joking. Some of this ignorant behavior is done under the guise of initiation or character building. How is acting like an ignorant moron towards another person supposed to help them or educate them? You joke around and say that you're building character, but you know that's a lie, because you have no training or education in character building, so why are you pretending to know something that you don't know? That's like pretending to be a brain surgeon, you have no right to mess with peoples minds. So show me your license that says you have the training and the knowledge that would qualify you to help young people build character, and also prove that you actually know what the word character means. People need to be masters of language and communication, if they are not, then people will always say things that they can never fully explain, which means that they have very little understanding about what they are thinking. So I hope that the importance of learning is beginning to sink in, because we have a lot of learning to do. Luckily there are many people who have started the process of improving education on the internet, and the internet is The World Brain, the collective power of human intelligence. The knowledge is here and waiting, start learning.


Hired Hit Men


Pinkerton's have never really gone away. Special police officers like the two that killed Alonzo are not quite full police officers, but they’re more than security guards. They are a private police force, empowered to make arrests and carry guns. But because they work for private contractors and not public agencies, their actions are often shrouded in mystery. Today, D.C. has 120 private companies that employ 16,580 law enforcement agents: 7,720 special officers along with 8,860 guards, stationed at apartment buildings, colleges, commercial buildings, and hospitals, compared to approximately 3,700 MPD officers in the city. Some are stationed in D.C. government buildings, including the Wilson Building, where the mayor and city council member’s offices are located. And 4,523 of those special officers are armed. History does not repeat itself, it's just that ignorant people are still being raised the same way by a incompetent education system.

Goon Squad are persons hired for such a purpose and using violent, thuggish methods. A group of criminals or mercenaries commonly associated with violence.

Bounty Hunter - Mercenary - ICE

Miami Model of police tactics are basically turning our police into American Born Terrorists. These defectors of the U.S. Constitution are The New ISIS, which stands for Ignorant Scumbags Irritating Society. When you deny Americans the Right to Peacefully Protest, you are asking for a Revolution. And revolutions never ends well for the scumbags in power, or for anyone. But this new American Revolution will be like no other revolution before. Peace will prevail and true democracy will be restored.

The Trouble I've Seen investigations of three harrowing civil rights cold cases (youtube) - Northeastern University.

62 incidents of video footage contradicting an officer’s statement in a police report or testimony. From traffic stops to fatal force, these cases reveal how cops are incentivized to lie — and why they get away with it.

Stephen Coleman: The Moral Dangers of Non Lethal Weapons (video)

Should Cops only be allowed to have Guns?

US Violates Chemical Weapons Convention (wiki)
Use of Force By and Against Victorian Police (PDF)
Drone Attacks on Americans (wiki)
Operation Condor (wiki)

Counter-Insurgency are comprehensive civilian and military efforts taken to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency and address its root causes". An insurgency is a rebellion against a constituted authority when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents.

Stand Your Ground Law is a perceived reason in a criminal case, whereby defendants can "stand their ground" and use force without retreating, in order to protect and defend themselves or others against threats or perceived threats. An example is where there is no duty to retreat from any place where they have a lawful right to be, and that they may use any level of force if they reasonably believe the threat rises to the level of being an imminent and immediate threat of serious bodily harm or death. One case describes "the 'stand your ground' law... a person has a right to expect absolute safety in a place they have a right to be, and may use deadly force to repel an unlawful intruder. Revenge.

Self Defense - Justifiable Homicide?

Social Justice - Legal Help

Disorderly Conduct - Breach of the Peace

Do some people become cops just so that they can murder someone without getting into trouble? It seems that racism is one of the police requirements, or are they forced to be racists? People can do some really stupid things when have other people watching their back. That's the main reason why a lot of corrupt people get away with committing crimes. The reasons why we don't see more politicians or corporate leaders going to jail is because it's easy to get away with being a criminal when you have the people who are responsible for arresting criminals, told to look the other way. It's time to wake up people, it's time to start learning, it's time to start doing. It's time.

Why do the police allow rapists to get away and continue to rape more people?

Guardian analysis reveals district attorneys cleared colleagues in more than 200 cases in 2015, how investigations into police killings really work.


Intimidations - Terrorism


Intimidation is intentional behavior that "would cause a person of ordinary sensibilities" to fear injury or harm. It is not necessary to prove that the behavior was so violent as to cause terror or that the victim was actually frightened. Threat, criminal threatening (or threatening behavior) is the crime of intentionally or knowingly putting another person in fear of bodily injury. "Threat of Harm generally involves a perception of injury...physical or mental damage...act or instance of injury, or a material and detriment or loss to a person." "A terroristic threat is a crime generally involving a threat to commit violence communicated with the intent to terrorize other." "Intimidation" is the name of a criminal offense in several U.S. states.

Interrogation - Forced Confession - Arresting Children

Mass Arrests On Inauguration Day Swept Up Journalists And Legal Observers — And Their Phones. Police illegally seized the cell phones and cameras of journalists and legal observers arrested during Inauguration Day demonstrations in Americas Capitol Washington DC on January 20, 2017. Prosecutors have dropped the criminal charges against many of them, but concerns persist about the seizure and possible search of their electronic devices, some never returned. Kidnapping.

Obtaining Information From, or Records of, Members of the News Media; and Questioning, Arresting, or Charging Members of the News Media.

Disturbance Control Manual is used to deny people human rights and freedoms. Disturbance Control Manual should be about protecting citizens and people, and not used to attack people and citizens.

Handling First Amendment Assemblies and Mass Demonstrations Standard Operating Procedure (PDF)

Parallel Construction is a law enforcement process of building a parallel—or separate—evidentiary basis for a criminal investigation in order to conceal how an investigation actually began.


False Accusations - False Arrests


False Confession is an admission of guilt for a crime for which the confessor is not responsible.

False Arrest is being held in custody without probable cause, or without an order issued by a court of competent jurisdiction. it is possible to sue law enforcement officials for false arrest. Kidnapping.

Malicious Prosecution - Perjury - False Criminal Allegations - False AccusationInnocent

False Evidence is information created or obtained illegally, to sway the verdict in a court case. Falsified evidence could be created by either side in a case (including the police/prosecution in a criminal case), or by someone sympathetic to either side. misleading by suppressing evidence can also be considered a form of false evidence (by omission), however, in some cases, suppressed evidence is excluded because it cannot be proved the accused was aware of the items found or of their location. The analysis of evidence (forensic evidence) may also be forged if the person doing the forensic work finds it easier to fabricate evidence and test results than to perform the actual work involved.

Superficial Evidence - Slander - Racism - Planting Drugs on Suspects

False Police Report is a crime and can be charged as a misdemeanor or a felony. If you decide to call the police and file a report of a fake crime against someone else, it will be considered a false police report. Unjust - Assumptions - Invalid Argument.

Falsifying Documents is a type of white-collar crime that involves changing or modifying a document for the purpose of deceiving someone. Intentional falsification of records includes making a false statement in any record that is kept. 49 CFR § 1570.5 - Fraud and Intentional Falsification of Records. No person may make, cause to be made, attempt, or cause to attempt any of the following: (a) Any fraudulent or intentionally false statement in any record or report that is kept, made, or used to show compliance with the subchapter, or exercise any privileges under this subchapter. (b) Any reproduction or alteration, for fraudulent purpose, of any record, report, security program, access medium, or identification medium issued under this subchapter or pursuant to standards in this subchapter.

False Documentation is the process of creating documents which record fictitious events. The documents can then be used to "prove" that the fictional events happened. A common propaganda tool, false documentation is often used by management groups and totalitarian governments for four basic reasons: to have a basis for accusations against groups or individuals who oppose those in authority, to invoke hatred against certain racial, ethnic or religious groups (appeal to bigotry), To support the actions of those in power (appeal to patriotism), and To cover the mistakes of those in power (deniability). There are three basic methods for falsifying documentation. One way, of course, is to create an entirely fictional event and write it down. The other is to misrepresent an actual incident by embellishment or exaggeration so that the blame for the incident is misplaced. The third is to refuse to document an actual event, thereby exonerating the instigators for lack of proof. The practice of false documentation rests on the fallacy, promoted by management organizations and governments, that whatever has been written down is unquestionably true. In business, it rests on a further bias: the tendency of management to believe managers rather than to collect and objectively judge evidence. As folklorist Jan Harold Brunvand points out, when a story or a claim appears in print, it gains an air of authority. Many people are skeptical of spoken rumors, but few doubt the veracity of stories appearing in the news media. A related fallacy is, of course, that whatever has not been documented must not have happened. Although absence of evidence is evidence of absence, whether any given event happened is entirely independent of whether it was documented. In George Orwell's novel 1984, the Ministry of Truth has an entire department devoted to altering past editions of newspapers in the belief that changing documentation will change the public's perception of history. One of the novel's greatest ironies is that the Ministry of Truth deals exclusively in lies.

Trumped Up is something made up, faked, fabricated or fraudulently concocted as an excuse for a false accusation.

Parallel Construction is a form of false evidence in which the evidence is truthful but its origins are untruthfully described, at times in order to avoid evidence being excluded as inadmissible due to unlawful means of procurement such as an unlawful search, when law enforcement officers violate an individual's constitutional rights under the Fourth Amendment, and a search or seizure is deemed unlawful, any evidence derived from that search or seizure will almost certainly be kept out of any criminal case against the person whose rights were violated.

Police Perjury is the act of a police officer giving false testimony. It is typically used in a criminal trial to "make the case" against a defendant believed by the police to be guilty when irregularities during the suspect's arrest or search threaten to result in acquittal. It also can be extended further to encompass substantive misstatements of fact for the purpose of convicting those whom the police believe to be guilty, procedural misstatements to 'justify' a search and seizure, or even to include statements to frame an innocent citizen. More generically, it has been said to be "[l]ying under oath, especially by a police officer, to help get a conviction.

Accused - Alleged - Entrapment (setup)

Mistaken Identity is a defense in criminal law which claims the actual innocence of the criminal defendant, and attempts to undermine evidence of guilt by asserting that any eyewitness to the crime incorrectly thought that they saw the defendant, when in fact the person seen by the witness was someone else. The defendant may question both the memory of the witness (suggesting, for example, that the identification is the result of a false memory), and the perception of the witness (suggesting, for example, that the witness had poor eyesight, or that the crime occurred in a poorly lit place). Because the prosecution in a criminal case must prove the guilt of the accused beyond a reasonable doubt, the defendant must convince the jury that there is reasonable doubt about whether the witness actually saw what he or she claims to have seen, or recalls having seen. Although scientific studies have shown that mistaken identity is a common phenomenon, jurors give very strong credence to eyewitness testimony, particularly where the eyewitness is resolute in believing that their identification of the defendant was correct.

Political Prisoner is someone imprisoned because they have opposed or criticized the government responsible for their imprisonment. The term is used by persons or groups challenging the legitimacy of the detention of a prisoner. Supporters of the term define a political prisoner as someone who is imprisoned for his or her participation in political activity. If a political offense was not the official reason for the prisoner's detention, the term would imply that the detention was motivated by the prisoner's politics.


Search Violations


Consent Search are searches made by police officers in the United States based on the voluntary consent of the individual whose person or property is being searched. The simplest and most common type of warrantless searches in the United States are searches based upon consent. No warrant, probable cause or reasonable suspicion is required to perform a search if a person, or someone else with the proper authority, consents to a search. A consent search assumes the individual, whose person or property is being searched, is aware that they have the right to refuse a search in a situation when confronted by law enforcement agents. By giving consent they are assumed to waive, freely and voluntarily, his or her Fourth Amendment rights, granting the officer permission to perform the search. Where consent is obtained through "deception" on the part of the police officer, the search may be determined to be an unreasonable search in violation of the Fourth Amendment. The three main categories of searches are a search of a house, automobile or pedestrian. In the case of an automobile, it is assumed the officer has already seized the car and the encounter is a terry stop. When an officer returns a driver's identification, the encounter has been transformed into a consensual encounter. In the case of a pedestrian, a consensual encounter can lead to a terry stop based on information gathered during conversation. Some states and cities pass laws that require officer to notify a right to refuse in one case, but not the others.

Search Warrant is a court order that a magistrate, Judge or Supreme Court official issues to authorize law enforcement officers to conduct a search of a person, location, or vehicle for evidence of a crime and to confiscate any Evidence they find. In most countries a search warrant cannot be issued in aid of civil process. Jurisdictions that respect the Rule of Law and a right to privacy constrain police powers, and typically require search warrants or an equivalent procedure for searches police conducted in the course of a criminal investigation. The laws usually make an exception for hot pursuit: a police officer following a criminal who has fled the scene of a crime has the right to enter a property where the criminal has sought shelter. This contrasts with authoritarian regimes, where police typically can search property and people without having to provide justification or secure court permission.

Search and Seizure police or other authorities and their agents, who, suspecting that a crime has been committed, commence a search of a person's property and confiscate any relevant evidence found in connection to the crime. The public has the right to be "free from unreasonable searches and seizures". This right is generally based on the premise that everyone is entitled to a reasonable Right to Privacy.

Fourth Amendment prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures, and warrants must be issued by a judge or magistrate, justified by probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and must particularly describe the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized. Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution is part of the Bill of Rights.

Warrantless Searches used in gathering evidence against people and the government is deciding for itself what counts as a genuinely independent source of information or what constitutes inevitable discovery. Mass surveillance programs, wiretaps, computer and phone surveillance and physical surveillance. "Fruit of the Poisonous Tree" doctrine. That's where a judge bars the prosecution from introducing evidence the government obtained through illegal activities. In essence, the government may be concealing certain investigative activities based on its own determination that it's not tainted by unlawful conduct.  They will need to reveal more via the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) about location-tracking surveillance technology used in criminal investigations. Violating of the Public Records Act. Law enforcement abuse and misconduct in response to suppression motions – was ruled exempt from disclosure as privileged "attorney work product." Democratic accountability and government transparency. Unit within the DEA called the Special Operations Division. "The end is not justified because they are using ignorance in their reasoning, going after small time criminals while they let bigger criminals mass murder people, you're not doing your job, they are just pretending to do a job while police violate the US Constitution, which makes law enforcement the real criminals."

Terry Stop in the United States allows the police to briefly detain a person based on reasonable suspicion of involvement in criminal activity. Reasonable suspicion is a lower standard than probable cause which is needed for arrest. When police stop and search a pedestrian, this is commonly known as a stop and frisk. When police stop an automobile, this is known as a traffic stop. If the police stop a motor vehicle on minor infringements in order to investigate other suspected criminal activity, this is known as a pretextual stop. Additional rules apply to stops that occur on a bus. Although the Supreme Court has published many cases that define the intersection between policing and the Fourth Amendment in the U.S., Congress has not defined a baseline for police behavior. There has been some state action at both the legislative and judicial levels, and also some cities have passed laws on these issues. Except where noted, this article will primarily deal with these issues on a national level. Local and state laws may vary, but that is the exception and not the rule.

Border Search Exception is a doctrine is a doctrine that allows searches and seizures at international borders and their functional equivalent without a warrant or probable cause. The doctrine is not regarded as an exception to the Fourth Amendment, but rather to its requirement for a warrant or probable cause. Balanced against the sovereign's interests at the border are the Fourth Amendment rights of entrants. Not only is the expectation of privacy less at the border than in the interior, the Fourth Amendment balance between the interests of the government and the privacy right of the individual is also struck much more favorably to the government at the border. This balance at international borders means that routine searches are "reasonable" there, and therefore do not violate the Fourth Amendment's proscription against "unreasonable searches and seizures".

Exclusionary Rule is a legal rule, based on constitutional law. The rule prevents evidence collected or analyzed in violation of the defendant's constitutional rights from being used in a court of law. This may be considered an example of a prophylactic rule formulated by the judiciary in order to protect a constitutional right. The exclusionary rule may also, in some circumstances at least, be considered to follow directly from the constitutional language, such as the Fifth Amendment's command that no person "shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself" and that no person "shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law".


Setup - Entrapment


Entrapment is a practice whereby a law enforcement agent induces or causes a person to commit a criminal offence that the person would have otherwise been unlikely to commit. It is the conception and planning of an offence by an officer, and his procurement of its commission by one who would not have perpetrated it except for the trickery, persuasion or fraud of the officer.

Incitement - Ponzi Scam - False Flag - False Evidence

Sting Operation is a deceptive operation designed to catch a person committing a crime. A typical sting will have a law enforcement officer or cooperative member of the public play a role as criminal partner or potential victim and go along with a suspect's actions to gather evidence of the suspect's wrongdoing. Even mass media journalists resort to sting operations to record video and broadcast to expose criminal activity.

Frameup or setup, is the act of framing someone, that is, providing false evidence or false testimony in order to falsely prove someone guilty of a crime. While incriminating those who are innocent might be done out of sheer malice, framing is primarily used as a distraction. Generally, the person who is framing someone else is the actual perpetrator of the crime. In other cases it is an attempt by law enforcement to get around due process. Motives include getting rid of political dissidents or "correcting" what they see as the court's mistake. Some lawbreakers will try to claim they were framed as a defense strategy. Flawed Testimony.

Trevor Aaronson: How this FBI Strategy is actually creating U.S. Based Terrorists (video) 

45 percent of the documented 1,600 wrongful convictions are the result of bad acts or omissions by police and prosecutors. Prosecutors also commit misconduct. Often, it is the result of overzealousness, inadvertence, or negligence, as win-at-all-costs prosecutors are often rewarded with promotions and many offices lack the resources to properly train them in their constitutional and ethical obligations. But sometimes prosecutorial misconduct is calculated and even malicious. Thirteen percent of the first 1,600 exonerees falsely confessed to crimes they did not commit. Police coercion usually involves psychological tactics that prey on a vulnerable suspect, but it can also be physical.

Mollen Commission, Sometimes Cops Lie, in 59 disciplinary cases involving a false official statement where the officer was found guilty. Of those, 41 kept their jobs. 

Fraud - Scams - Con Jobs - Lying - Rumors - Obstruction of Justice

The government makes up crimes to catch criminals, but what if they’re not criminals, and they're just people who are desperate and hungry?

Al Jazeera Investigates - Informants (youtube) - Attacks by Extremists and other Criminals.


Just Cause


Probable Cause is having clear empirical evidence and not assumptions or beliefs or hunches, or biased reasoning. Empirical evidence is information that justifies a belief in the truth or falsity of a claim. Based on facts, a quantifiable formulation of the problem, rationality, and probability. This can only come from intelligent training. one can claim to have knowledge only when one has a true belief based on empirical evidence.

Justification - False Evidence Proof

Reasonable Suspicion is less than probable cause, the legal standard for arrests and warrants, but more than an "inchoate and unparticularized suspicion or 'hunch'"; it must be based on "specific and articulable facts", "taken together with rational inferences from those facts", and the suspicion must be associated with the specific individual.

Accused (innocent until proven guilty)

Constitutionality is the condition of acting in accordance with an applicable constitution; the status of a law, a procedure, or an act's accordance with the laws or guidelines set forth in the applicable constitution. When one of these (laws, procedures, or acts) directly violates the constitution, it is unconstitutional. All the rest are considered constitutional until challenged and declared otherwise.

A Priori and a Posteriori

GO-WISELY
G: Grounds for the search.
O: Object the officer is searching for.
W: Warrant, particularly if the officer is in plain clothes.
I: Identification, proof that the officer is indeed a police officer!
S: Station to which the officer is attached to.
E: Entitlement, any citizen being searched by a police officer is entitled to copies of all paperwork.
L: Legislation, the legal power which gives the officer the right to stop and search.
Y: YOU are being detained for the search or for the purpose of…essentially informing the citizen in no uncertain terms the purpose and nature of the search.

Things that Cops are trained to look for besides the color of your skin. If you have an air freshener or if you smell nice you're hiding drugs. If you have Religious stickers or American flags you're hiding drugs. If you have more then one cell phone you're hiding drugs. If you have tools in the car you're hiding drugs. If you have shinny clean tires you're hiding drugs. if you're driving a Rental Car you're hiding drugs. If you're driving the speed limit you're on drugs. TSA has even more insane rules for ignorant reasons attacking peoples rights and freedoms.

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue.

Forward Looking Infrared Camera (monitoring)

Police Shot and Killed nearly 1,000 People Nationwide in 2017 for the third year in a row.
2,945 Shooting Deaths - Police Shootings Data
List of Killings by Law Enforcement officers in the United States (wiki)
Five Thirty Eight

Crime Stats - Punishment Failures

Nationally between 300 and 400 people are killed each year because of pursuits. Pursuit Safety - Star Chase.

"Violence can never bring an end to violence, all it can do is provoke more violence." (Mahatma Gandhi)

"What you don't know can't hurt you? Oh yes it can! So don't be a fool, ignorance is bliss until it hits you in the face.

"Don't blame the police or our military, for they are mostly following orders from criminals. They are after all, our fellow citizens, and we stand united under the U.S. Constitution, the one before the year 2000, and before the changes we still need to correct."

Posse Comitatus is the common-law or statute law authority of a county sheriff, or other law officer, to conscript any able-bodied man to assist him in keeping the peace or to pursue and arrest a felon, similar to the concept of the "hue and cry." Originally found in English common law, it is generally obsolete; however, it survives in the United States, where it is the law enforcement equivalent of summoning the militia for military purposes. Deputize is to make someone a deputy.

Please remember that not all cops are a**holes. Some cops were a**holes before they became cops, and other cops became a**holes because their minds were corrupted by the power of authority, and some were just influenced by other a**holes they associated with, because for some reason, being an a**hole is acceptable behavior in certain areas of public service. This is also the same for some prosecutors, lawyers, judges, politicians and other people who pretend to care about society. And sadly, the ones who are not a**holes end up leaving public service jobs, mostly because no one wants to work for, or work with, a**holes. So the number of a**holes in public service increases, while the number of good people in public service decreases. So we have to change the laws that protect a**holes so that they are fired immediately, or at least given a chance to rehabilitate themselves. We also need to educate our children fully so that they will never grow up to be an a**hole, no matter what they chose to do in their life. After all, only ignorant people become full fledged a**holes. Smart people, or people with good common sense, never become a**holes. They may act like ones temporarily and occasionally, but they definitely know better, thus, good or smart people never become full-fledged a**holes. And thank God that we have more good people then bad ones. So when that time finally does come, good people will come together to do what's right. In the mean time there are many things involved in creating a good conscience, things that we can easily teach at school, that's if we improve the curriculum, of course. Service Oaths.

"I have met good cops and I have met bad cops, and depending where you are, the ratio between bad and good can change."

"I don't call cops as*holes, I call as*holes as*holes, if that person happens to be a cop, then that's just a coincidence."

Lorde - Team, And you know we're on each other's team, I'm kind of over gettin' told to throw my hands up in the air.


Highway Robbery - More A**hole Behavior


Highway Robbery is a crime committed against travelers on a public highway or near a public highway. Highway Robbery can also mean excessive profit or advantage derived from a business transaction. Highwaymen were robbers on horseback and they usually worked alone or in small groups. They attacked travellers in carriages or on horseback. Highwaymen increased in number in the early 18th century. They targeted stagecoaches, carriages, farmers returning from market and the mail coaches.

Asset Forfeiture or highway robbery? Stop and Seize: Civil Forfeiture and Cash Seizures police robbing citizens

Profits from Poverty - Law Enforcement is more about Generating Revenue then it is about keeping people safe.

Cops Now Using Prepaid Card Readers to Rob Motorists of Digital Funds on Roadside - Electronic Recovery and Access to Data (ERAD).

Prisons and Poor People (bail trap)

Police officers are Forced to Issue Tickets and Arrest People to meet Quotas. Officers forced to meet a certain number of citations or arrests for promotion, and to avoid discipline. Police chiefs have admitted setting compulsory targets for handing out speeding tickets. 

Ticket Quota in many places around the world are illegal. Police departments deny specific quotas.

Speed Traps. The town of Stringtown, Oklahoma generated $483,646 in traffic fines during fiscal year 2013 — making up 76 percent of all Stringtown revenue.

Random Checkpoint is the setup of a hasty roadblock to disrupt unwanted movement.

Cars that get the most traffic tickets: 1. Lexus ES 300 - 33 percent. 2. Nissan 350Z - 33 percent. 3. Dodge Charger SE/SXT - 32 percent. 4. Volkswagen Jetta GL- 31 percent. 5. Chevrolet Monte Carlo LS/LT - 31 percent. 6. Mazda 3S - 30 percent. 7. Volkswagen GTI - 30 percent. 8. Dodge Stratus SXT - 30 percent. 9. Acura 3.0s - 30 percent. 10. Toyota Tacoma - 30 percent.

Cars that get the least amount of traffic tickets: 1. Buick Encore - 3 percent. 2. Lexus IS350 - 3 percent. 3. Acura ILX - 6 percent. 4. Cadillac ATS - 6 percent. 5. Chevrolet Express - 8 percent. 6. Cadillac Escalade - 8 percent. 7. GMC Savana - 9 percent. 8. Audi A3 2-Series - 9 percent. 9. BMW 320I - 10 percent. 10. Land Rover Range Rover - 11 percent.

License-Plate Readers have helped police and lenders target the poor. LPR Cameras can capture up to 1,800 license plates a minute during day or night, across four lanes of traffic and at speeds up to 150 miles per hour. Those scans are stored in databases and can be searched by license plate number, turning up photos every sighting of a particular vehicle—including the time and location of each sighting. But it’s not just police who use automatic license-plate reading technology. Cameras like these, which usually cost between 20 and 30 thousand dollars, are used to process fees on toll roads across the country, keep track of customers in parking lots and garages, and trawl city streets for cars whose owners are behind on payments and flag the vehicles for repossession. Vigilant said its dataset contained more than 3 billion scans, and was growing at a rate of more than 100 million scans a month. Since then, the dataset has grown dramatically: A Vigilant spokesperson said Friday that the dataset now includes 4.2 billion sightings, and is growing at a rate of 120 million data points a month.

According to a 2013 report from the American Civil Liberties Union, just 2,000 in every million license-plate scans in Maryland actually raise a red flag. And most of those hits have to do with registration issues or emissions violations—just 47 in a million are connected to a serious crime.

Predictive Policing refers to the usage of mathematical, predictive and analytical techniques in law enforcement to identify potential criminal activity. How about their own criminal activity? And how is this not Prejudice or Biased?

Ferguson: A Report from Occupied Territory (youtube)  Feb 2015 class action lawsuit against the municipalities in Ferguson. Ferguson was sued for municipal fines & jailing those who can't pay. Municipal scheme designed to brutalize, to punish, and to profit. Ferguson raked in $2.6 million in court fines and fees, mostly related to traffic violations and other minor offenses  21 percent of its total budget. The city of 21,000 residents had the highest number of arrest warrants in the state relative to its population size, or 1,500 warrants per 1,000 people. Suits were filed by lawyers from Equal Justice Under Law,

ArchCity Defenders, and the Saint Louis University School of Law

Prof. Brendan Roediger Civil Litigation Clinic - Civil Litigation Clinic

PORT ARTHUR, Texas is one of the poorest cities in Texas, with poverty and unemployment rates around double the state’s average. Traffic fines have soared, from $750,000 in 2006 up to as high as $2.1 million in 2012 before settling, most recently, at $1.5 million. But people who cannot afford to pay their fines — which can run to a thousand dollars or more — often wind up behind bars, leading to a great disparity in the consequences of traffic tickets on people’s lives. 1,500 people were booked into lockup for unpaid traffic fines. While black people make up only 40% of the overall population, and are ticketed at about that rate, they accounted for about 70% of the arrests for these citations in 2014 about 1,300 people have spent three days or more in jail for traffic tickets, and about 75% of those people were black. Some judges across Texas routinely ignore basic state and federal laws meant to protect people from getting jailed simply because they’re too poor to pay their fines. License plate recognition software is often touted as a way to catch terrorists, dangerous fugitives on the run, and stolen cars. But Port Arthur and many other departments around the country use it for a less extreme, but more lucrative purpose, to pull over people who owe debts to the city municipal court, demanding, in many cases, that they either pay up or go to jail.

Three-quarters of all stops by Newark Police deemed unconstitutional. An investigation found that city police officers had no constitutional basis for 75% of the pedestrian stops they conducted in recent years. It also determined that officers often used excessive force during arrests but underreported the level of force used.  "a**holes". 

Punishment Failures

There were 30,057 fatal motor vehicle crashes in the United States in 2013, in which 32,719 deaths occurred. That's 92 people were killed on the roadways of the U.S. each day, and 30 of those 92 people in the U.S. die in motor vehicle crashes that involve an alcohol-impaired driver as one of the possible factors in the cause of the crash. So if the majority of crashes are not cause by alcohol, then why do we tolerate Sobriety Checkpoints

Legal Rights (law knowledge)

David Stojcevski, a 32-year-old man from Roseville, Michigan, died in the Macomb County Jail last June after being arrested for failing to pay a $772 traffic ticket. A 24-hour camera mounted in Stojcevski's cell shows that he was stripped naked and denied medications that have been prescribed to him. He withered away for 17 days until his death, as police did nothing.

How Traffic Courts Drive Inequality in California (PDF)  It's classic predatory behavior: target those who are least able to resist. Poor people go to jail, rich people go to lawyers. Four million suspended driver licenses in California. The poor are punished under our current regressive system. This is exacerbated by the targeting of vehicles in low-income areas. This leads to a cycle of debt and the destruction of the economic vitality of these areas and people.

Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights of the San Francisco Bay Area

Ronald J Brockmeyer, is accused of fixing traffic tickets for himself and associates, and was a driving force behind using fines and fees to generate revenue while inflicting a punishing regime of fines and fees on the city’s residents, also owes more than $170,000 in unpaid taxes. 

Another example of ignorant people doing ignorant things for Money

Police were shaking down kids at school until people finally complained enough to change ignorant procedures..

"Failure to Obey" Documentary on Checkpoint Refusal (full movie) (youtube)

Constitution Free Zone - Border Search Exception

I wouldn't recommend doing this, but I'm glad that people are reminding officers of our constitutional rights. It's very sad that people are forced to do this and put their lives in danger. Because police should know our constitutional rights.

Against the law to feed people in need. Another law that forces Cops to be as*holes to the Public. It's now against the law to feed people in need. What ignorant morons passed this law? 90-Year-Old Man, 2 Pastors Faces Charges For Feeding Homeless Under New Ordinance

The broken windows theory of policing suggested that cleaning up the visible signs of disorder — like graffiti, loitering, panhandling, and prostitution — would prevent more serious crime as well. That's like firemen using gasoline to put out fires, complete ignorance. Not to say that making towns look nice is bad, but you don't fix a problem by making a problem look pretty, or by attacking people trying to live in a system that is corrupted, so you attack victims instead of the perpetrators, nice work scumbags.

INTERPOL is the international organization that facilitates international police cooperation, that can also be corrupted. They take money from big corporations and most governments, and most governments are just the middle men for big corporations. Illegal cigarette trade and counterfeit drugs are directly related to the tobacco industry and the pharmaceutical industry. It's just trickle down ignorance and bad behavior being repeated and imitated. Corporations say its about protecting profits, but the truth is, it's about victimizing the poor and controlling the less fortunate, in the same way Americas illegal drug war did. Drugs are entering the united states because scumbag criminals in positions of authority make big profits from it, profits that they can use to fuel wars and other crimes all over the planet. "As long as there are people who will do anything for money, and at the same time be protected from criminal charges, there will always be people who will lie and commit crimes, always. Another reason to improve education."

Black on Black Violence is the result of economic oppression and segregation, where you have blacks fighting each other for survival, which has happened to most races throughout history. But black on black violence is still not as bad as "white against the world violence", where politicians and corporate leaders kill thousands everyday. Civil War - Domestic Violence.

Corporate Takeover of America Timeline - Corporate Takeover of America's Education System

# Black Lives Matter: A New Generation Of US Civil Rights Activists (youtube, Dec 22, 2015, 57:24 mins.)
Join Campaign Zero - # campaign zero - We the Protesters

Nuisance Abatement refers to using building codes, fire codes, zoning, etc. in order to improve the quality of life and resolve life safety issues within neighborhoods.

Nuisance Abatement Actions Almost Exclusively Target Homes in Minority Neighborhoods
The NYPD Is Kicking People Out of Their Homes, Even If They Haven’t Committed a Crime.

Straight Outta Compton is a great film. I was wondering if American Indians made similar music that talked about how they too are murdered and victimized by our government and by people of authority. American Indians with Attitudes "AIWA".

Drezus - Warpath (Directed by Stuey Kubrick) (youtube)

Expressing your anger about how you are victimized and killed does not incite violence, it brings awareness of violence perpetrated by criminals in our government and by people of authority.

The Racial Politics of time: Brittney Cooper (video and text)

Children who are born in New Orleans zip code 70124, which is 93 percent white, can expect to live a full 25 years longer than children born in New Orleans zip code 70112, which is 60 percent black. Children born in Washington, DC's wealthy Maryland suburbs can expect to live a full 20 years longer than children born in its downtown neighborhoods.

Excessive Force Against MinoritiesMore examples of as*hole behavior. The St. Louis County Police Department has stocked up on tear gas, less-lethal ammunition and plastic handcuffs in anticipation of massive protests in the suburb of Ferguson, Missouri. The police department has spent $172,000 since August on gear for dealing with protesters, reported by Jon Swaine of The Guardian. The report shows that the St. Louis County police have purchased "650 teargas grenades, smoke-and-gas grenades, smoke canisters and 'hornets nest' CS sting grenades, which shoot out dozens of rubber bullets and a powdered chemical agent upon detonation," at a cost of nearly $25,000. Sgt. Brian Schellman, a spokesman for the St. Louis County Police Department, provided a breakdown of the spending in an email to The Huffington Post. The department has also spent $7,740 on 1,500 "sock rounds," or beanbag rounds, and $10,200 on 6,000 pepper balls rounds, which sting the eyes and nose when they hit at a protester. Roughly $77,000 went toward 235 helmets, 25 new batons and 60 pairs of shin guards. The county has purchased 2,000 plastic "flex" handcuffs, which cost just over a dollar each. In addition, the department has put aside $50,000 to repair damaged police vehicles.

Sparta is out of control, and we all know how that stories ends. 

Spending more on Punishment then Education is criminal and irresponsible.

You've lost your F*cking Minds.

"The U.S. has more jails than colleges. There are more people living in prisons than on college campuses. So we are spending more money, time and resources on punishing people then we are educating people."

Police are making edits on Wikipedia pages on Bell, Garner, Diallo, edits were traced to 1 Police Plaza

A Grand Jury would have to be ignorant or corrupted in order to claim probable cause for using deadly force? Especially when other options were available to the person who was the instigator of the crime. So the action is between manslaughter and 1st Degree Murder, which is illegal. If a cop is not trained enough to handle a situation, then you don't give that cop a gun, or authority, you give that cop more education and more training. The right to bare arms is not a reason to give an idiot a gun. It's irresponsible and extremely dangerous to give anyone the authority to use deadly excessive force, without the proper training and education that proves they have the ability to communicate effectively, as well as the ability to control anger and insecurities. Just doing their job does not include assault, harassment or murder. If you approach someone, it becomes your responsibility. And if you cannot handle the responsibility, then you should not approach someone. There is always more then one way to solve a problem, but you need knowledge, training and experience. And if do not have these abilities, then you should call for assistance and look for someone who has more experience, and more knowledge then you.

Essays on Police Violence - St. Louis Cop 

Wrongful Death Claim (negligence)

Impunity - Internal Affairs

Grand Juries are a joke sometimes. Grand juries are too many times being used as a weapon against people. They are too easily controlled and manipulated, which make them ineffective and criminal. That is why we made Bribing Public Officials and Jury Tampering a crime. Grand juries need to be fixed. We can no longer use them for protecting the law, or protecting peoples rights. Grand jury decisions should be ignored because they are corrupted and unfounded. Grand juries have blood on their hands for encouraging officers to commit murder and incite violence. Grand juries also show no respect for people, and the law, which they are supposed to have. Grand juries need to be indicted for encouraging murder, and inciting violence, which is also forcing people to protest. Hand it down, hand it down. Federal Prosecution of public corruption in the United States.

Baltimore has paid millions more in police-misconduct settlements over the last four years than other similarly-sized cities like Fort Worth and Austin, Texas. Notably, 63 percent of Baltimore’s population is black, compared with Fort Worth's 19 percent and Austin’s 8 percent. Chicago is an outlier, with a disproportionately high number of lawsuits and settlements for the size of its black population (32 percent). Muck Rock.

126 Law Enforcement Officer Fatalities Nationwide in 2014 - Officer Fatalities Data

George Floyd was an African American man murdered by police May 25, 2020 during an arrest after a store clerk alleged he had passed a counterfeit $20 bill in Minneapolis. Derek Chauvin, one of four police officers who arrived on the scene, knelt on Floyd's neck and back for 9 minutes and 29 seconds. After his death, protests against police brutality, especially towards black people, quickly spread across the United States and internationally. The City of Minneapolis settled a wrongful death lawsuit with Floyd's family for $27 million. Chauvin was convicted on two counts of murder and one count of manslaughter on April 20, 2021. The trial of the other three officers at the scene of his death is scheduled to begin August 23, 2021. After Floyd's death, protests were held globally against the use of excessive force by police officers against black suspects and lack of police accountability. Protests began in Minneapolis the day after his death and developed in cities throughout all 50 U.S. states and internationally. The day after his death, all four officers involved in Floyd's death were fired and, on May 29, third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter charges were brought against Chauvin. George Floyd was born on October 14, 1973, in Fayetteville, North Carolina, to George Perry and Larcenia "Cissy" Jones Floyd. He had four siblings. His great-great-grandfather Hillery Thomas Stewart Sr. was born as a slave but acquired his freedom in the Civil War; while Stewart was in his 20s, he acquired 500 acres (200 ha) of land but lost it to white farmers who used legally questionable maneuvers that were common at the time in the South. The first of his siblings to go to college, Floyd attended South Florida Community College for two years on a football scholarship, and also played on the basketball team. He transferred to Texas A&M University–Kingsville in 1995, where he also played basketball before dropping out. At his tallest he was 6 feet 6 inches (198 cm) though by the time of his autopsy he was 6 feet 4 inches (193 cm) tall and weighed 223 pounds (101 kg).

LA 92 (Full Documentary) | National Geographic (youtube) - Over twenty-five years after the verdict in the Rodney King trial sparked several days of protests and violence in Los Angeles, LA92 immerses viewers in that tumultuous period through stunning and rarely-seen footage. LA 92 is a 2017 American documentary film about the 1992 Los Angeles riots, directed by Daniel Lindsay and T. J. Martin. It premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival on April 21, 2017, opened in theaters on April 28, 2017 and aired on National Geographic Channel on April 30, 2017.

Fatal Police Shootings Of Unarmed Black People Reveal Troubling Patterns. NPR reviewed thousands of pages of job applications, personnel records, use-of-force reports, citizen complaints, court records, lawsuits, news releases, witness statements and local and state police investigative reports to examine the backgrounds of the officers and analyze details of each shooting. We also interviewed use of force experts, criminologists, police, lawyers, prosecutors and relatives of victims. Among NPR's other findings: At least six officers had troubled pasts before being hired onto police departments, including drug use and domestic violence. One officer had been fired from another law enforcement agency, and at least two others were forced out. Several officers were convicted of crimes while on the force, such as battery, and resisting and obstructing, but kept their jobs. In one instance, officials in a tiny Louisiana parish repeatedly fired and rehired a deputy who got into trouble with the law: three times over 30 years, records show. More than two dozen officers have racked up citizen complaints or use-of-force incidents. A Fort Lauderdale, Fla., police officer had 82 reviews over use-of-force incidents but was never found in violation; a Vineland, N.J., officer had more than three dozen use-of-force incidents over a five-year period. Several officers have violated their department policies and been cited for ethics violations, including a Hollywood, Fla., officer accused of trying to steer business to his company, and an Arizona state trooper accused of misuse of state property. Nineteen of the officers involved in deadly shootings were rookies, with less than a year on the force. One was on the job for four hours, another for four days. More than a quarter of the killings occurred during traffic stops, and 24 of the dead — 18% — suffered from mental illness. The youngest person shot was a 15-year-old Balch Springs, Texas, high school freshman who played on the football team. The oldest was a 62-year-old man killed in his Los Angeles County home. Nearly 60% of the shootings occurred in the South, with more than a quarter in Texas, Georgia and Louisiana, NPR found. The killings have led to at least 30 judgments and settlements totaling more than $142 million, records show. Dozens of lawsuits and claims are pending. An examination of individual cases reveals the myriad ways that law enforcement agencies fail to hold officers accountable and allow them to be in a position to shoot again. In many instances, the criminal justice system refuses to prosecute, often resulting in departments putting officers back on the street instead of desk jobs where they have little contact with the public. Other times, police unions protect officers from accountability. And sometimes, departments are so desperate to recruit officers that they ignore warning signs such as an officer's troubled past and hire them anyway. Officer's are hired on the force despite numerous red flags.

Police work is stressful and dangerous. We need more people involved in making our police safer, and we need more ways of making police work a lot less stressful.


Training Police - Effectively and Ethically


too little training Commanders from the largest U.S. police departments are saying that officers generally receive far too little training in de-escalating conflict and often are embedded in a culture that encourages them to rapidly resort to physical force. Many police agencies give officers extensive training on how to shoot a gun, but officers spend much less time learning the importance of de-escalation tactics and crisis intervention strategies for dealing with mentally ill persons, homeless persons, and other challenging situations. All officers need to be thoroughly screened and their mental competence assessed before they are given weapons. A red flag law needs to apply to everyone, just like the crime of murder needs to apply to everyone. These testing failures need to end.

Crisis Intervention Training - Never Events - Active Shooter Response Training

Crisis Intervention Team Training, or C.I.T - Community Policing

More Communication and Less Extermination

Center for Policing Equity - Toxic Leadership

Revoking Certification - The decertification process involves the revocation of the certificate or license of a police officer who commits certain kinds of misconduct as specified by State law or administrative regulations. Decertification offers several advantages over termination from a local agency. termination does not prevent the officer from being rehired by a different department. Revocation of the certificate prevents the officer from continuing to serve in law enforcement in the state. A fired officer will often have violated the department's ethics code or standards of conduct, but usually the offense won't rise to the level of revoking certification. An officer generally loses certification if the person is convicted of a felony or on court-ordered community supervision or probation for any criminal offense above the grade of class B misdemeanor. or lied in a case, Once a cop lies, and is known to lie, they can't be a cop anymore. Once certified, an officer's certification is valid for 4-years following the date of certification. The officer must maintain active employment and meet the mandatory retraining requirements to keep the certification active. License to enforce law. License to carry a firearm. Certification for First Aid and CPR. Certification for Computer Analyst. Certification for K-9 Unit. Certification of Specialization. Certification for foreign languages. Required training: 20 hours per year: 8 hours of firearms, 4 hours of defensive tactics/officer survival, 2 hours of legal updates, 6 hours of electives. California law enforcement officers must complete at least 664 hours of POST-certified training. Directors of Law Enforcement Standards and Training is the association of the 50 state POST Directors, have developed a database of decertified officers to aid the effort to prevent officers determined to be “bad cops” from continuing to serve in law enforcement in another state.

The Current Police Fitness Test is relatively difficult to pass. Statistics show that in the past year, hundreds of officers have failed to make it through the physical stage of the assessment.

Police Accountability involves holding both individual police officers, as well as law enforcement agencies responsible for effectively delivering basic services of crime control and maintaining order, while treating individuals fairly and within the bounds of law. Police are expected to uphold laws, regarding due process, search and seizure, arrests, discrimination, as well as other laws relating to equal employment, sexual harassment, etc. Holding police accountable is important for maintaining the public's "faith in the system". 42 Research has shown that the public prefers independent review of complaints against law enforcement, rather than relying on police departments to conduct internal investigations. There is suggestion that such oversight would improve the public's view on the way in which police officers are held accountable.

Consequence and Accountability - Police should be held to account for their actions. Accountability includes both what the police do and how they perform. Agency-level accountability involves the performance of law enforcement agencies with respect to controlling crime and disorder and providing services to the public (National Institute of Justice, 1999). Individual-level accountability involves the conduct of police officers with respect to lawful, respectful, and equal treatment of citizens. Individual-level accountability procedures fall into two general categories: internal and external. Procedures that are internal to law enforcement agencies include controlling officer conduct through written polities, routine supervision, regular performance evaluations, and the investigation of allegations of misconduct, and early intervention systems (EIS). External accountability comes from the outside in, being accountable, not to oneself, but to others. It creates an environment that people feel compelled to follow, a set of social norms and standards.

Police Accountability: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) (youtube)
Policeman Murders Homeless Man During Camping Arrest (youtube)
Dashcam Shows Cop Tasering Teen Bryce Masters Into A Coma (youtube)
Rampant INjustice v2 (youtube) - Documentaries

A Few Good Men - March 20th 1779, in the Providence R.I. Gazette, William Jones captain of Marines advertised for the need for "a few good Men" to engage in "a short Cruize". This slogan has survived for over 200 years and has been synonymous with the U.S. Marines ever since. Marines as a Corps came into being on July 11th 1798. "The Marines are looking for a few good men" was a recruiting campaign that ran from late 1971 until mid-1984. "The Few. The Proud. The Marines." was a tagline that made its debut in 1977. A Few Good Men is a 1992 American legal drama film that was adapted for the screen by Aaron Sorkin from his 1989 play of the same name. "You can't handle the truth if you don't know the truth".

Police Make More Than 10 Million Arrests a Year, but that doesn’t mean they’re always solving crimes. Someone is arrested in the United States every three seconds. That’s in part in response to arrest quotas and other incentives police get for productivity, as well as financial gains for agencies and municipalities that rely on punitive enforcement for funding. Vitale pointed to the controversial “collars for dollars” practice, by which officers will sometimes make arrests toward the end of their shifts in order to earn overtime pay, as they are required to remain with the person they arrested through the booking process. “A marijuana possession arrest at the end of the shift can be worth several hundred dollars for the officer.” The bulk of arrests are for noncriminal behavior, drug violations, and low-level offenses. Since 1980, arrests for drug violations have increased by 170 percent, and racial disparities in enforcement have grown even more stark. Still, a majority of victims don’t report their experiences to police, and police solve only a fraction of the crimes that are reported. Among the most common causes for arrest are low-level offenses like “disorderly conduct”. Only 40 percent of crime victims report their experiences to police, Vera found, and fewer than 25 percent of reported crimes are cleared by arrests. Arrests have an enormous impact on individuals: They can exacerbate economic disparities, harm an individual’s capacity to retain housing and jobs, and lead to devastating consequences like the loss of child custody or deportation. The mental health cost, too, is significant. But the huge number of arrests also comes at a cost to the safety of the community at large: both at the moment of the arrest itself, which can put those arrested, bystanders, and officers at risk of harm, and in the long run, as relationships between over-policed communities and law enforcement deteriorate, sometimes irreparably. The FBI and Bureau of Justice Statistics collect arrest data from the country’s 18,000 law enforcement agencies — but those agencies self-report on a voluntary basis, and there are significant disparities in the information they share. The data, for the most part, remains inaccessible to the broader public, and statistics on crime are isolated from data about the effectiveness of enforcement. Vera Institute of Justice.

PIG FEET - Terrace Martin feat. Denzel Curry, Daylyt, Kamasi Washington, & G Perico (youtube)

Beyonce - Black Parade (Lyrics) (youtube)

Our Justice System protects people from criminals and violations against human rights, but it's also being used to attack, control and abuse people. So our Justice System does not protect people from all criminals, or from all criminal activity. That's because criminals are controlling and manipulating our justice system. These deadly loopholes in our Justice System needs to be stopped. Humans will never free themselves from criminal activities if they allow certain people to be above the law. All murders, wars, diseases, poverty, starvation, abuses, corruption, theft, and the poisoning of the water, air and food, is all because our Justice system is faulty and being corrupted. If everyone is held accountable, then everyone will stop being victimized by criminals who paid to be above the law. But these improvements will not come easy, but they need to come, and people need to be active in the process in making these improvements happen. If your immune system stops working correctly, then you will get sick, and if you do not improve your immune system, then you will die prematurely. Our Justice system is sick, and it needs to be cured. If not, then people will continue to die and suffer, and all because of this ignorance.

Civil Liberties - Filming Police

Rule of Law is the legal principle that law should govern a nation, as opposed to being governed by arbitrary decisions of individual government officials, who mostly represent wealthy scumbags. It primarily refers to the influence and authority of law within society, particularly as a constraint upon behavior, including behavior of government officials.

Police Tactics Seen in Nearly 400 Protest Videos - Police Oath - Kidnapping

Rules of Engagement define the circumstances, conditions, degree, and manner in which the use of force, or actions which might be construed as provocative, may be applied.

Not all Police Carry Guns - Firearms by Police Forces varies widely across the World due to differences in gun use policy, civilian firearm laws, and recording of police activity. Police may require that officers use warning shots before aiming on-target, officers may need to make verbal warnings before using their firearms, and officers may be prohibited from carrying weapons while performing tasks such as highway patrol where gun use is not expected. Why do British police don't have guns? This originates from the formation of the Metropolitan Police Service in the 19th century, when police were not armed, partly to counter public fears and objections over armed enforcers as this had been previously seen due to the British Army maintaining order when needed. For a rich country with more than 60 million people, the UK's mostly firearm-free police is unique. The BBC explains that this goes back to the 19th century, when police without firearms wore blue uniforms to differentiate themselves from armed members of the infantry, who wore red uniforms. Police use of firearms in the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom is made up of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales (which make up Great Britain), and Northern Ireland. In Northern Ireland, all police officers carry firearms. In the rest of the United Kingdom, only some police officers carry firearms; that duty is instead carried out by specially-trained firearms officers. This originates from the formation of the Metropolitan Police Service in the 19th century, when police were not armed, partly to counter public fears and objections over armed enforcers as this had been previously seen due to the British Army maintaining order when needed. The arming of police in Great Britain is a perennial topic of debate. Countries that don't have Armies - Gun Control.

Lessons on Avoiding Deadly Force. U.S. Police Leaders, Visiting Scotland, Get Lessons on Avoiding Deadly Force. 98 percent of the country’s officers do not carry guns.

We have to have fair wages for part-time officers. And we can't use money as an excuse to give less training or have less accountability because of the lack of resources, which is actually the lack of knowledge and education.

Body-Worn Camera that is worn by police shows a drop in police use of force. Body-worn cameras are both beneficial and cost effective. Across the country, police departments are increasingly using body-worn cameras to better monitor what officers are doing out in the field with the hope that they will reduce the prevalence of misconduct and improve fairness in policing. Complaints against police dropped by 17% and the use of force by police, during fatal and non-fatal encounters, fell by nearly 10%. In 2013, about a third of local law enforcement agencies, used some form of body-worn camera technology. By 2016, the number had grown to nearly 50%. While law enforcement often cites finances as a barrier to adopting body-worn cameras, the researchers say the benefits to society and police departments outweigh the costs of the cameras. The estimated savings generated by a reduction of citizen complaints and averted use of force incidents — along with the cost reductions that could come from fewer investigations, is significant. The study estimates the ratio of the value of the benefits compared to the cost of body-worn cameras at 5 to 1 and well above an estimated 2 to 1 cost-benefit of hiring more police. Filming Police.


Do our Civil Servants even know the Meaning of Oath


United States Uniformed Services Oath of Office: "I will support and defend the constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic."

Soldier's Creed: "I will serve the people of the United States. I am a guardian of freedom. I am an expert and I am a professional."

Article II, Section I, of the Constitution: "I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. So help me God."

Oaths - Service Oaths - Police Oath

You have to decide who you are. Are you a puppet who's just following orders? Or are you a sovereign person who can think for themselves?

Trading with the Enemy Act - Espionage - Murder - Crimes Against Humanity

National Decertification Index is to serve as a national registry of certificate or license revocation actions relating to officer misconduct.

Law Enforcement Standards and Training offers additional services built to enhance and improve the framework of the training programs essential to the success of our nation’s law enforcement community.

Police Training Police Academy is a training school for new police recruits, also known as a law enforcement academy. Some are known as colleges or universities. They all have various background checks, examination, physical requirements, medical requirements, legal training, driving skills, equipment training and firearm training for new police recruits. The academy prepares the recruits for the police force they will be assigned to when they graduate.

Anger Management - Prisons - Social Services

Operation Ceasefire is a problem-oriented policing initiative first implemented in 1996 in Boston, Massachusetts. Assembled a multi- and interagency working group composed largely of line-level criminal justice practitioners; Applied qualitative and quantitative research techniques; Created an assessment of the nature of and dynamics driving youth violence in Boston; Adapted the intervention after implementation, and continued to do so throughout the program; and Evaluated the intervention’s impact.

There is even proof that more communication works.

Researchers found that officers who wore cameras used force less often — incidents dropped by more than 50 percent.

Cops have to say no, No more Weapons. We need better communication, and we need better education. We can't force cops to do the dirty work for ignorant and criminal politicians, it just makes things worse.

I love being a police officer, but we need reform (video and text)  put an end to stinking thinking.

Why not shoot to injure instead of shoot to kill? Shooting to Wound should be considered especially with children, or unarmed people, or people who are running away, or people who are just standing there. WTF, is killing the witness part of the training?

So the problem is obvious, if you train cops to shot more then to talk more, then more people get shot. So if we train cops on how to communicate more effectively, without having to shoot and harm people, then you will have less killing and a lot less abuse by the police. Problem solved, next!

Spending more on Punishment then Education Communicate and not obliterate. Communicate and not exterminate.

Mental Health Training

Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: Mental Health (HBO)(youtube)

Force (use of force)

The NYPD paid over $428 million in settlements over the last five years (2014)

Cops Are 21 Times More Likely To Kill Black Teens Than White Teens. - Clint Smith: How to Raise a Black Son in America.

Centers for Disease Control. 100 men described as suicidal have been killed by police in 2015, compared with just three women. Sixty-nine percent of all those killed were white, 9% were black and 12% were Latino, in contrast to proportions seen in the general count of 47% white, 26% black and 14% Latino. The median age of those who died was 39, higher than the median of 35 across all police killings. Justifiable Homicide is debatable, Self Defense or Murder?

According to the Nationwide Law Enforcement Memorial Foundation in 2013, 63 officers have died on the job this year compared to 45 at the same time last year -- a 40 percent increase. Twenty-three of those deaths were due to firearm-related incidents, a 53 percent increase from the same time last year. Crime Stats.

Police officers Killed on Duty

Causes of Death of Police Officers


Killings by Law Enforcement Officers in the United States - 2015 (listed: 483) - 2014 (listed: 630) - 2013 (listed: 343) - 2012 (listed: 608) - 2011 (listed: 166) - 2010 (listed: 285).

People Killed by Police in 2016 in the U.S. - Crime Stats

More Compassion and Less Shooting Of Course Not All Cops are Bad: I have met some really nice police officers, so it's not that unusual for police to be nice people. But of course not everyone you meet is going to be nice, no matter who they are or what they do for work.

They should make The Andy Griffith Show part of Police Training. Andy Griffith Show (youtube)

A Michigan cop bought a mother a booster seat instead of writing a ticket for an unsecured child riding in her car. 

"So you see there is still some hope" Cop Score.

Officer buys eggs for woman caught shoplifting to feed family (NPR) - Instead Of Charging Him For Shoplifting, Officer Helps Single Dad Feed His Baby. Nice Cop - Nice People.

While Nicaragua's neighbors have embraced so-called "mano dura" or iron fist policies, Nicaragua has taken a softer approach. Nicaragua, the poorest of the bunch and with just as bloody a history, is one of the safest countries in the hemisphere. Analysts say it has to do with its approach to fighting crime.

Jeffrey Brown: How we cut Youth Violence in Boston by 79 Percent (video)

OAS - Organization of American States: Democracy for peace, security, and development.

"Those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable"  (John F. Kennedy)
John F. Kennedy Speech (April 27, 1961) (youtube) - Part 2.

All Police and all Military Personal must know what side they're on? You are defenders of the Constitution. Please don't let your Patriotism or your Duty be exploited by Politicians... A Message for all of Humanity ~ Charlie Chaplin (youtube) 

“Whoever, to whatever purpose or extent, Initiates the use of Force, is a killer acting on the premise of death in a manner wider than murder: the premise of destroying man's capacity to live.” (John Galt Atlas Shrugged (Part 3, Chapter 7, Page 1,023)

Red Light Cameras Money Making Scam disguised as a method to make Driving Safer.

DIY justice: Mexico town expels cops, reclaims forest from illegal loggers.

“I swore never to be silent whenever and wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation. We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented.” Elie Wiesel.


Militarization of Police


Militarization is the act of assembling and putting into readiness for war. Militarization is the process by which a society organizes itself for military conflict and violence. It is related to militarism, which is an ideology that reflects the level of militarization of a state, and which is associated with the glorification of the military, armed forces and weapons and of military power, including through symbolic displays (e.g., parades of tanks and soldiers) and actual use of force, such as through warfare. The process of militarization involves many interrelated aspects that encompass many levels of society.

Military Equipment for Local Police The Excessive Militarization of American Policing: 62 percent of SWAT raids were for the purpose of conducting drug searches. SWAT raids are directed disproportionately against people of color — 30 percent of the time the "race of individual people impacted" was black, 11 percent of the time Latino, 20 percent white and 30 percent unknown. Armored personnel vehicles that local law enforcement agencies have received through grants from the Department of Homeland Security are most commonly used for drug raids and not school shootings and terrorist situations. - PDF.

Transcanada was Caught Training Police to treat Nonviolent Protesters as Terrorists

Insurrection Act of 1807 empowers the president of the United States to deploy U.S. military and federalized National Guard troops within the United States in particular circumstances, such as to suppress civil disorder, insurrection and rebellion. The act provides the "major exception" to the Posse Comitatus Act, which limits the use of military troops under federal command within the United States for law enforcement purposes. The president must firstly issue a proclamation ordering the insurgents to immediately disperse (per 10 U.S.C. § 254).

Range-R Can see a body through walls of a building
AOtactical Radar Device sees through walls
Memex

Instead of militarization and getting involved in an arms race, police should be more actively involved in the communities they serve. They need to work more closely with the public to develop trust. They need to work with community leaders to actually improve neighborhood conditions and become role models within communities that are more at risk to develop extremists. That is how we will defeat extremism in the USA. More bullets and more bombs won't work.

Do Not Resist Official Trailer 1 (2016) - Documentary (youtube)

Why do ignorant people call these Military Weapons Free? Do guns fall from the sky you morons? No, they don't. 

Central Intelligence Agency - CIA

America's Not the Greatest Country Any Longer... But It Can (youtube)

Obesity costs UK more than war and terrorism.

The Day Police Dropped a Bomb On Philadelphia | I Was There (youtube) - Police bombed a residential neighborhood of Philadelphia in 1985, and then let the fire burn for an hour and a half before calling the fire department.

2013, 82 percent of Terrorism were in one of five countries: Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria, and Syria. The war on Terrorism has actually created more Terrorism, which was the plan after all, to create a war that feeds itself, so that scumbags can profit from the war, while creating instability in countries that can be exploited.


Protecting Activists - Tear Gas - Non-Lethal Weapons?


Tear Gas and Mask Tear Gas is a chemical weapon that causes severe eye, respiratory, and skin irritation, pain, bleeding, and even blindness. In the eye, it stimulates the nerves of the lacrimal gland to produce tears. Common lachrymators include pepper spray (OC gas), PAVA spray (nonivamide), CS gas, CR gas, CN gas (phenacyl chloride), bromoacetone, xylyl bromide, syn-propanethial-S-oxide (from onions), and Mace (a branded mixture).

Hexachloroethane is a toxic chemical agent that has harsh effects on the body. The HC grenades used by DHS agents were released in a two-stage reaction that results in zinc chloride, a toxic metal fume. Zinc chloride can cause vomiting and burning skin immediately, and it can accumulate in organs to cause more serious symptoms later, including liver damage and respiratory conditions. The federal government has used these weapons even in the face of fines and lawsuits from chemical weapons legislators as well as nongovernmental organizations. Used by the military in smoke compositions, such as base-eject smoke munitions (smoke grenades).

Mace Spray aerosol self defense spray consists of 1% CN in a solvent of 2-butanol, propylene glycol, cyclohexene, and dipropylene glycol methyl ether.

Pepper Spray is a lachrymatory agent (a chemical compound that irritates the eyes to cause tears, pain, and temporary blindness) Its inflammatory effects cause the eyes to close, taking away vision. The active ingredient in pepper spray is capsaicin, which is a chemical derived from the fruit of plants in the Capsicum genus, including chilis.

Rubber Bullets are rubber or rubber-coated projectiles that can be fired from either standard firearms or dedicated riot guns. They are intended to be a non-lethal alternative to metal projectiles.

M84 Stun Grenade emits an intensely loud "bang" of 170–180 decibels and a blinding flash of more than one million candela within five feet of initiation, sufficient to cause immediate flash blindness, deafness, tinnitus, and inner ear disturbance. Exposed personnel experience disorientation, confusion and loss of coordination and balance. While these effects are all intended to be temporary, there is risk of permanent injury. Consequently, the M84 is classified as a less-lethal weapon.

Directed-Energy Weapon is a ranged weapon that damages its target with highly focused energy, including laser, microwaves and particle beams. Potential applications of this technology include weapons that target personnel, missiles, vehicles, and optical devices. Directed energy weapons are weapons that emit energy in an aimed direction without the means of a projectile. They are non-lethal and can immobilize people as well as machines (e.g. vehicles). Directed energy weapons include electromagnetic weapons, (including laser weapons) and microwave weapons, particle beam weapons, sonic weapons and plasma weapons.

Non-Lethal Weapon are weapons intended to be less likely to kill a living target than conventional weapons such as knives and firearms. Negligent Permanent Injuries.

Security forces are legally allowed to use tear gas for crowd control, but there are strict international guidelines around their use and the way they may be deployed against civilians for crowd control.

Journalists covering demonstrations should be aware of the effects of tear gas and how to – and not to – effectively respond to their effects.

How does Tear Gas work? Typical RCAs (Riot Control Agents - such as tear gas) are usually delivered by either a spray or a grenade cannister fired from a baton gun. The canisters themselves can be hazardous as they usually generate a lot of heat and will cause nasty burns if handled. If they are fired at close range, they can cause serious damage a person’s body and have resulted in death. French photographer Lucas Mebrouk Dolega was hit by a police tear gas canister while covering a protest in Tunisia in 2011 and subsequently died. When chemicals used in tear gas react with moisture it causes a burning sensation, meaning that the eyes, skin and lungs are extremely susceptible. Oil-based creams, sunscreens and make-up will also absorb tear gas, so avoid wearing these when covering protests where it might be used. Tear gas attacks the lungs, so if you suffer from any respiratory diseases, including asthma, you should seriously consider the potentially dangerous effects this may have on your condition. Streaming and burning of eyelids and throat as well as excessive coughing are all reactions to tear gas. An excess of mucus coming from the nose, eyelids and throat is also common. People often report that they feel disorientated and dizzy just after breathing it in. The effects usually wear off within an hour, although the feeling of burning and highly irritated skin may persist for hours.

Hong Kong Protest Gear How to protect yourself. A gas mask (often called a respirator) is the best tool to protect yourself. They are not cheap, but they'll allow you to cover the story safely. They are subject to export licenses in some countries, so ensure you have the correct paperwork to travel with them. A gas mask consists of a rubber mask, with a canister and filter fitted to the side. It is fitted to the size and shape of your face, and you should not assume that yours will fit someone else. Ensure you have a spare canister, as they do need changing after a set numbers of hours (this depends on the make and model of the gas mask, as well as how long you use it for). If you already have a gas mask, make sure it is working properly and is correctly fitted. Any masks purchased online or in military surplus stores should be checked by an expert to ensure they work correctly. The next best thing after a gas mask is an Escape Hood, which is cheaper and is not subject to the same export rules. You can also use a builder's respirator that covers your nose and mouth – but make sure that you use appropriate filters. Failing that, a dust mask for DIY and building and airtight goggles will provide some degree of protection. How to Protect yourself from tear gas.

Myths and misconceptions. Sometimes, it's hard to see through the cloud of myths surrounding tear gas protection. Reports, photographs and videos show protesters using improvised methods to counter the crippling effects – including tying plastic bottles and even bras to their faces. While they make for an amusing photo, these are not effective ways of countering this non-lethal chemical weapon. INSI spoke to chemical weapons experts SecureBio about other home made methods – which should be avoided!

1. Soaking a bandana or cloth in apple-cider vinegar and tightly covering your mouth with it. Why should it be avoided?
The acid contained in the vinegar does not provide enough, if indeed any, protection to counter the effects of tear gas.
2. Smearing lime or lemon juice on the inside of a cloth and tightly covering your mouth with it. Why should it be avoided?
This supposedly works on the same principal as the apple-cider vinegar, but again, should be avoided.
3. Soaking a bandana in water and tightly covering your mouth with it. Why should it be avoided?
Many RCAs come in the form of crystals, which react with water. Using small amounts of water (such as a wet handkerchief) immediately after exposure to CS gas is likely to reactivate these crystals and may prolong the effects.
4. Smashing up charcoal, lining a wet bandana with the dust and tightly covering your nose and mouth with it. Why should it be avoided? The charcoal supposedly filters out CS gas, but there is no evidence to support this.
5. Smearing toothpaste under your eyes. Why should it be avoided? As RCAs and toothpastes are made up from a wide range of chemicals, using various manufacturing methods, it is nearly impossible to accurately predict the reactions that would take place.
6. Sniffing a freshly cut onion. Why should this be avoided? Breaking an onion in half, sniffing it and getting it close to your eyes does not reduce the irritation, and it is likely to make you cry just as it does when you are peeling it.

What to do if you get tear gassed? If you have a gas mask, or a mask and goggles, put them on. You may then be able to continue working in the gas. Be aware that you will still need to wash yourself and all clothes as the gas will remain on you, your clothes and your equipment. If you have no protection, cover your mouth and nose with a handkerchief or cloth or use the inside of your coat jacket to protect the airway (the outside of your jacket is likely to be contaminated). Stand in fresh air and allow the breeze, if there is one, to carry away the CS gas. Keeping your arms outstretched will help CS gas to come off your clothing. Try to get to high ground – most RCAs are heavier than air, so the highest concentrations tend to sit nearer to the ground. Remember that the gas will impregnate clothing for many months after being contaminated, so any clothing that may have been contaminated should be immediately washed several times or totally discarded. Remember that any exposed skin should be washed with soap and water. Shower first in cold water, then warm water. Do not bathe. Remember that you should not rub your eyes or face, or this will reactivate any crystals.

"How can tear gas be legal for cops to use? What are we freaking animals? They use the word crowd control as if people are no longer human beings just because they're standing together. No one would ever say to themselves, "Hey I need some tear gas in my face because I'm having a little trouble controlling myself." You think parents should be allowed to use tear gas on their children when their kids get out of control? This is how insanely ignorant and criminal it is to allow police to attack protestors. This not only demoralizes our police force, this also abuses citizens. You're destroying the trust and the respect that people should have for police. And the police are also forced to live in a constant contradiction, because they are attacking the people they took an oath to protect. Their job is stressful enough. Police should provide protection, and not provoke or antagonize people and make things worse. And since cops are citizens too, you're making citizens fight each other, like terrorism and genocides do. This is just Psychological Warfare, a very very sick game to play on innocent people. It seems that tear gas, pepper spray and rubber bullets are getaway drugs to murder. This law violates everyone. It's a disgrace. And it's time to amend, and mend."

Safe Protesting Tips Protesters need training on how to protect themselves from the weapons that cops use against citizens, and also training on how to defend themselves against police attacks. Non Violence Training and Self-Defense.

It only takes a few undereducated people who are under some form of distress to cause a riot. And this sometimes influences other people who would normally not participate in such ignorant behavior, to become irrational, and thus do irrational things. This is group behavior and Peer pressure at its worst. If some people get out of hand, then police should have a right to detain them, but no one else, because everyone else is innocent. Police are not allowed approach people, or herd or kettle people, or force people to move, or force violence upon people as if it were a war, because there is no reason that justifies that kind of action, none. (Rules need to be in writing and given to both the protesters and the police) ceremonially if you like. (Rules of Engagement and Human Rights must be defined and followed) These are more then just guidelines or rules, this keeps us from hurting each other and making things worse. People come together to talk and to be heard. People do not come together for violence or revenge. People come together for justice, democracy, and they come for Peace. But even though we get together in great numbers, we have still not yet found the right solutions that would finally solve the problems that have been plaguing society since the beginning. We have a Constitution but we don't have a Plan. We have no blueprint showing our path to a more improved future. We have nothing that shows all the steps that we are currently taking to improve our world, or do we have a clear explanation on how our actions and improvements will all work. We need this, we need this now.

Everyone has the right to speak their mind, good or bad, Of course the timing is important, as well as speaking loud enough and clear enough. But even then you still need to justify why you chose that particular moment to say the things that you did. When people are allowed to talk without interruption they can easily manipulate and mislead the listener because they don't have to explain or verify everything they say. We need more explanations and less implications. That is why a courtroom seems at times to work the best because people are allowed to object when people are misleading or fabricating evidence. "I object your honor" is a lot nicer then "f*ck you that's a f*cking lie and you know it."

Apps to Report Police Abuse: Mobile App: Five-0 - Video - Five-O! Rate & Review your local law enforcement.

We know that cops are not morons and that cops can figure out proper ways to communicate more effectively with people. After all cops took an oath to protect people, not an oath to attack people. This is not a war, so why are cops turning these situations into a war? Is it a lack of training? Or are cops getting the wrong type of training? Or are cops just puppets controlled by psychopathic people in charge? Fighting fire with fire is ignorant and dangerous. And Judges who look the other way are accessories to this crime. The power to enforce the law does not include the power to punish people. It's as if you look at humans as wild animals, a subspecies to control. It's like you're part of a real life Stanford Prison Experiment, wakeup it's time to get back to reality. You also act like the kids from the story Lord of the Flies, you seem to have lost your mind a little. But you're not broken, you're just bent. So it's time to stand up straight and face the truth. Your methods are flawed and your reasoning is not inline with todays level of knowledge and understanding that we have in the world. Improvements must be made, we must keep order, but not by victimizing people. It's time to put away our childish ways. I bet a lot of the people in the justice system were abused as children by strict parents who believe that hitting a child is needed in order to teach a child, I guess if you were a ignorant parent that would be true. So why haven't you grown up yet? We are doing all that we can to teach you, so why don't you learn? We all learn, so I guess that we haven't found a way that would increase your understanding of the world. We have a lot of work to do, a lot of things need improving. Let the century of restoration begin. Justice for Cecily - Mario Savio: The Operation of the Machine (youtube).


Filming Police - Accountable


"All of us, as we walk around, have to understand that we could be filmed, we could be taped," "But police officers above all others should be subject to This Kind of Filming because we have a duty to hold them accountable as powerful public servants." (Deborah Jacobs, director of the ACLU chapter, commenting on police officers who harass people for filming them).

Dancing in Public is not against the Law?(youtube)
Videotaping Police (youtube)
Video Recording Police (youtube)
Strawman - The Nature of the Cage (OFFICIAL) (youtube)
Photographing Police (ACLU)
Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV) (wiki)
National Geographic Surveillance (youtube)
San Diego Cop Fears Camera is Weapon (youtube) and you wonder why improving education is so important..
Bruno Torturra: Got a smartphone, start broadcasting
Ninja Media

Brutality (police misconduct)

Since officers started wearing body cameras complaints against officers fell 88%, and the use of force dropped 60%.

"Cops are using broadly-written laws to violate the First Amendment rights of all American citizens. Police officers have also deleted incriminating video from cell phones and video equipment, which is a crime. And on top of that, the innocent people who have been illegally detained, arrested, sometimes jailed, with some paying expensive legal fees, their charges are almost always either subsequently dropped or dismissed in court. This is such a waste and abuse of authority that it is no doubt criminal. And the police themselves rarely pay damages in law suits that are brought against them because of this, the taxpayers have to pay, so everyone in this country is a victim of this abuse of authority."

"Free and Open Discussion of Governmental Affairs"

How to Film Police and Protests - Best Archive and Distribute Footage - Witness - Yvonne Ng (video)

Citizen Journalism

"Beijing in 2012 is spending $111 billion on its domestic security budget, which covers the police, state security, militia, courts and jails, which is now higher than its publicly disclosed military expenditure. The Paradox: If a country that is born from revolution, tries to stop future revolutions, will actually become less stable." Put your Money in Education.

We often see law enforcement overreach and target civilians in the name of protecting public safety when many more clear threats to public safety actually exist." 

Entrapment - Implied Consent

"Isn't it weird how when a cop drives by you feel paranoid instead of protected."

"We live in a society where pizza gets to your house before the police."

The Senate voted on 11/29/11 to keep a controversial provision to let the military detain terrorism suspects on U.S. soil and hold them indefinitely without trial. The 16 who voted for the harsh detainee rules were Sens. Bob Casey (Pa.), Kent Conrad (N.D.), Kay Hagan (N.C.), Daniel Inouye (Hawaii), Herb Kohl (Wis.), Mary Landrieu (La.), Carl Levin (Mich.), Joe Manchin (W. Va.), Clair McCaskill (Mo.), Robert Menendez (N.J.), Ben Nelson (Neb.), Mark Pryor (Ark.), Jack Reed (R.I.)Jeanne Shaheen (N.H.), Debbie Stabenow (Mich.) and Sheldon Whitehouse (R.I.). National defense hawk and independent Sen. Joe Lieberman (Conn.) also voted in favor of the tougher language. Attacking our Constitution is a terrorist act. 

Treason - Rule of Law - Habeas Corpus (law knowledge) - Chomsky

If you knew how your representatives voted, you would never vote for them. But even then, the system is rigged because you can't fire these criminal politicians, and you have very little good choices to vote for that would replace them.

They who can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety." Benjamin Franklin Feb 17, 1775

We the people are the rightful masters of both Congress and the courts, not to overthrow the Constitution but to overthrow the men who pervert the Constitution.” ~ Abraham Lincoln.



Military Expenditures - The Cost of War


Military Spending The United States spends about $700 Billion on Military Expenses or about 43% of the world's total. This does not include the $330 Billion in 2011 we spend on police or the $59 Billion plus we spend on Homeland Security

"The strength of a civilization is not measured by its ability to fight wars, but rather by its ability to prevent them." - Gene Roddenberry.

War Profiteering - Is the United States is fighting in 74 Nations? War is a Racket.

The US has spent nearly $8 Trillion on national security since 9/11. Prisons cost America $74 Billion in 2007. U.S. arms sales to both developed and developing nations reached $66.3 billion last year, up from $21.4 billion in 2010. Russia had the second highest weapon sales in 2011, sold $4.8 billion worth of arms.

Military Budget - Info-Graphic - World War Spending Info-Graph

Russia spends about $59 Billion on military expenses, less than 10% of what the United States spends.
France spends about $59 Billion on military expenses.
United Kingdom spends about $60 Billion on military expenses.
China spends about $119 Billion on military expenses.

Nuclear Bombs Spending Mafia Principle (youtube) - Social Impact

Drug War - War Crimes - Torture

Total worldwide weapon sales nearly doubled to $85.3 billion in 2011, the U.S. is responsible for more than three-quarters of the global total. So what's the point of having Gun Control? We have better choices on how we spend our money. Current Spending.

Nukes - Bombs

The President does not control the largest Military in the world. That is another lie from powerful people who want to make the public believe that the president has control, this way people don't find out who's really in charge. The President is a puppet, and that makes all citizens even more powerless then they already are. Wake up people, we are on a need to know basis. We can't allow money and corruption to control our future, because as history has taught us, it always ends horrible. Time to break this cycle of collapse, it's our responsibility to control our future and our freedoms.

United States Department of Defense is an executive branch department of the federal government charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government directly related to national security and the United States Armed Forces. The DoD is the largest employer in the world, with nearly 1.3 million active-duty service members (soldiers, marines, sailors and airmen) as of 2016. More employees include over 826,000 National Guard and Reservists from the armed forces, and over 732,000 civilians[8] bringing the total to over 2.8 million employees. Headquartered at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, just outside Washington, D.C., the DoD's stated mission is to provide "the military forces needed to deter war and ensure our nation's security". The Department of Defense is headed by the Secretary of Defense, a cabinet-level head who reports directly to the President of the United States. Beneath the Department of Defense are three subordinate military departments: the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air Force. In addition, four national intelligence services are subordinate to the Department of Defense: the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the National Security Agency (NSA), the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), and the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO). Other Defense agencies include the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the Strategic Capabilities Office (SCO), the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), the Missile Defense Agency (MDA), the Defense Health Agency (DHA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency (formerly the DSS), and the Pentagon Force Protection Agency (PFPA), all of which are subordinate to the Secretary of Defense. Additionally, the Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA) delivers actionable acquisition intelligence, from factory floor to the warfighter. Military operations are managed by eleven regional or functional Unified combatant commands. The Department of Defense also operates several joint services schools, including the Eisenhower School (ES) and the National War College (NWC).

Ministry of Defence is the common name for a part of the government found in states where the government is divided into ministries or departments, responsible for matters of defence. Such a department usually includes all branches of the military, and is usually controlled by a Defence Minister, Minister of Defence, or Secretary of Defense. Military Science.

Military or armed forces, are forces authorized to use deadly force, and weapons, to support the interests of the state and some or all of its citizens. The task of the military is usually defined as defense of the state and its citizens, and the prosecution of war against another state.

Paramilitary organization is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, but is not formally part of a country's armed forces

Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America. It consists of the United States Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, Space Force and Coast Guard.

National Guard is part of the reserve components of the United States Army and the United States Air Force. It is a military reserve force composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations. All members of the National Guard of the United States are also members of the Organized Militia of the United States as defined by 10 U.S.C. § 246. National Guard units are under the dual control of the state governments and the federal government.

Standing Army is a permanent, often professional, army. It is composed of full-time soldiers (who may be either career soldiers or conscripts) and is not disbanded during times of peace. It differs from army reserves, who are enrolled for the long term, but activated only during wars or natural disasters, and temporary armies, which are raised from the civilian population only during a war or threat of war and disbanded once the war or threat is over.

Contingency Operations are military actions requiring rapid deployment of the full spectrum of military forces in support of national policy short of war.

Soldier is an enlisted man or woman who serves in an army or military. Soldier is one who fights as part of a military. A soldier can be a conscripted or volunteer enlisted person, a non-commissioned officer, or an officer. In other definition, soldiers are military personnel that participate in ground, sea, or air forces, commonly known as armies, navies, and air forces, respectively.

G.I. is a term that has been used as an initialism of "Government Issue", "General Issue", or "Ground Infantry", but it originally referred to "galvanized iron", as used by the logistics services of the United States Armed Forces. G.I. Joe was an action figure that was introduced by Hasbro in 1964. Its name comes from the term used to describe soldiers during the war.

Militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a country, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or (historically) to members of a warrior nobility class (e.g. knights or samurai). Generally unable to hold ground against regular forces, militias commonly support regular troops by skirmishing, holding fortifications, or conducting irregular warfare, instead of undertaking offensive campaigns by themselves. Local civilian laws often limit militias to serve only in their home region, and to serve only for a limited time; this further reduces their use in long military campaigns. Militia is a military force that is raised from the civil population to supplement a regular army in an emergency. A military force that engages in rebel or terrorist activities in opposition to a regular army. All able-bodied civilians eligible by law for military service. Civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army. The entire body of physically fit civilians eligible by law for military service. Militias thus can be either military or paramilitary, depending on the instance. Some of the contexts in which the term "militia" can apply include: Forces engaged in a defense activity or service, to protect a community, its territory, property, and laws, the entire able-bodied population of a community, town, county, or state available to be called to arms. A subset of these who may be legally penalized for failing to respond to a call-up. A subset of these who actually respond to a call-up regardless of legal obligation. A private (non-governmental) force not necessarily directly supported or sanctioned by a government. An irregular armed force that enables its leader to exercise military, economic, or political control over a subnational territory within a sovereign state. An official reserve army composed of citizen soldiers known as the militsiya. A select militia composed of a small, non-representative portion of the population, maritime militias composed of fishermen and other participants of the marine industry which are organized and sanctioned by a state to enforce its maritime boundaries. A militia can be seen as a cooperative with guns. So a militia is not a bad thing, especially if the group is mix-use and can be repurposed. What makes any army bad is when the army is controlled by criminal influences instead of the army representing their community or representing the citizens in their country. People are not bad, what's bad is bad leadership that comes from people being corrupted by power and being corrupted by other people who have also been corrupted by power. The only way to end this vicious cycle of corruption is to improve education.

Militia in the United States during colonial America, all able-bodied men of a certain age range were members of the militia, depending on the respective state's rule. Individual towns formed local independent militias for their own defense. The year before the US Constitution was ratified, The Federalist Papers detailed the founders' paramount vision of the militia in 1787. The new Constitution empowered Congress to "organize, arm, and discipline" this national military force, leaving significant control in the hands of each state government. Today, as defined by the Militia Act of 1903, the term "militia" is used to describe two classes within the United States: Organized Militia – consisting of state militia forces; notably, the National Guard and Naval Militia. Unorganized Militia – comprising the reserve militia: every able-bodied man of at least 17 and under 45 years of age, not a member of the National Guard or Naval Militia. A third militia is a state defense force. It is authorized by state and federal laws. Congress has organized the National Guard under its power to "raise and support armies" and not its power to "Provide for organizing, arming and disciplining the Militia". This Congress chose to do in the interests of organizing reserve military units which were not limited in deployment by the strictures of its power over the constitutional militia, which can be called forth only "to execute the laws of the Union, suppress insurrections and repel invasions." The modern National Guard was specifically intended to avoid status as the constitutional militia, a distinction recognized by 10 U.S.C. § 311(a). Herd Behavior (gangs).

Militia Act of 1903 also known as the Efficiency in Militia Act of 1903 or the Dick Act, was legislation enacted by the United States Congress to create an early National Guard and which codified the circumstances under which the Guard could be federalized. It also provided federal funds to pay for equipment and training, including annual summer encampments. The new National Guard was to organize units of similar form and quality to those of the regular Army, and intended to achieve the same training, education, and readiness requirements as active duty units. Cartels - Gangs.

Insurgent is a person who takes part in an armed rebellion against the constituted authority. A member of an irregular armed force that fights a stronger force by sabotage and harassment. In opposition to a civil authority or government. a rebel or revolutionary. Rising in active revolt.

Guerilla is a member of an irregular armed force that fights a stronger force by sabotage and harassment. A member of a small independent group taking part in irregular fighting, typically against larger regular forces. referring to actions or activities performed in an impromptu way, often without authorization. Extremist.

Combatant is someone who fights or is fighting. Engaging in or ready for combat. Combatant is the legal status of an individual who has the right to engage in hostilities during an international armed conflict.

Unlawful Combatant is a person who directly engages in armed conflict in violation of the laws of war. An unlawful combatant may be detained or prosecuted under the domestic law of the detaining state for such action.

Mercenary or a soldier of fortune, is an individual who takes part in military conflict for personal profit, is otherwise an outsider to the conflict, and is not a member of any other official military. Mercenaries fight for money or other forms of payment rather than for political interests. Beginning in the 20th century, mercenaries have increasingly come to be seen as less entitled to protections by rules of war than non-mercenaries. Indeed, the Geneva Conventions declare that mercenaries are not recognized as legitimate combatants and do not have to be granted the same legal protections as captured service personnel of a regular army. In practice, whether or not a person is a mercenary may be a matter of degree, as financial and political interests may overlap, as was often the case in all of history. Pinkerton - Bounty Hunter - Kidnapping.

Military Exercise is the employment of military resources in training for military operations, either exploring the effects of warfare or testing strategies without actual combat. This also serves the purpose of ensuring the combat readiness of garrisoned or deployable forces prior to deployment from home base / home station. Exercises in the 20th and 21st centuries have often been identified by a unique codename in the same manner as military contingency operations and combat operations.

Contingency Operations are military actions requiring rapid deployment of the full spectrum of military forces in support of national policy short of war. US divisions may be required to respond rapidly to a variety of contingencies anywhere in the world.

Combat Operations process is undertaken by armed forces during military campaigns, major operations, battles, and engagements to facilitate the setting of objectives, direction of combat, and assessment of the operation plan's success. The basic model of the combat operations area process includes five phases that seek to acquire targets and objectives, allocate and orient appropriate forces for successful engagement of the enemy, make decisions about doctrinal approach to the engagement, execute the plan by engaging in combat, and conduct post-combat intelligence assessment of the success or failure of the operation's plan.


Draft - You've Been Drafted


Military Service is service by an individual or group in an army or other militia, whether as a chosen job (volunteer) or as a result of an involuntary draft (conscription). Recruitment - Recruitment Demographics (image).

Involuntary is doing something against someone's will, conscious control or consent. Forced Labor (kidnapping).

Conscription is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service. Conscription dates back to antiquity and continues in some countries to the present day under various names.

Compulsory
is something required by rule or law. Compulsory education refers to a period of education that is required of all people and is imposed by government.

Draft Lottery conducted two lotteries to determine the order of call to military service in the Vietnam War for men born from January 1, 1944 to December 31, 1950. These lotteries occurred during a period of conscription in the United States that lasted from 1947 to 1973. It was the first time a lottery system had been used to select men for military service since 1942. The 366 days of the year (including February 29) were printed on slips of paper. These pieces of paper were then each placed in opaque plastic capsules, which were then mixed in a shoebox and then dumped into a deep glass jar. Capsules were drawn from the jar one at a time and opened.

Selective Service System is when all male U.S. citizens and male immigrant non-citizens between the ages of 18 and 25 are required by law to have registered within 30 days of their 18th birthdays and must notify Selective Service within ten days of any changes to any of the information they provided on their registration cards, like a change of address. A 2010 GAO report estimated the registration rate at 92% with the names and addresses of over 16.2 million men on file. However, the only audit of the addresses of registrants on file with the Selective Service System, in 1982, found that 20–40% of the addresses on file with the Selective Service System for registrants in the age groups that would be drafted first were already outdated, and up to 75% for those registrants in their last year of potential eligibility to be drafted would be invalid.

109 countries and territories have been identified as having No Enforced Conscription. There are currently 23 Countries in the world that don't have an army. Treaties - Police who Don't Carry Guns.

26 countries have made military service compulsory. Some countries, like Israel, have made it mandatory for both women to enroll in military service. However, most countries require only men to serve in the military for a specified duration of time.

59,000 Teenagers a Year is what the U.S. Military Needs to Recruit. In 2018, the Army missed its recruiting goal of 76,500 last year by 6,500 soldiers. 71% of U.S. youth would not currently qualify for military service due to their heath, physical appearance, or educational background.

Military Recruitment refers to the activity of attracting people to, and selecting them for, military training and employment.

Sometimes the military industrial complex has to trick people into fighting. Sometimes they use the brotherhood of men. Sometimes they use propaganda like bayoneting babies. But most of the time they entice people to join using misleading commercials, movies and toys like video games, and they even advertise at professional sports games, that's because children and men love sports, which exploits patriotism.

Dumbing Down Education and education tracking creates desperate people, not patriots. A slow economy and poverty are also systems of control that creates desperate people. A dumbed down education also creates republican voters that republican leaders can exploit and manipulate.

Project 100,000 or McNamara's Morons was a bad idea to recruit soldiers who would previously have been below military mental or medical standards. Inductees of the project died at higher rates than other Americans serving in Vietnam and following their service had lower incomes and higher rates of divorce than their non-veteran counterparts. The project was ended in December 1971. At various times in its history, the United States military has recruited people who measured below specific mental and medical standards. After that, McNamara's moons multiplied and became republican voters.

McNamara Fallacy is making a decision based solely on quantitative observations or metrics and ignoring all others. The reason given is often that these other observations cannot be proven.

98% of Soldiers do not want to kill another human being, it goes against Human Nature.

Why are people forced to commit murder? Because Governments fail to communicate, and fail to Educate.

Enrollment Act was a legislation passed by the United States Congress during the American Civil War to provide fresh manpower for the Union Army. A form of conscription, the controversial act required the enrollment of every male citizen and those immigrants who had filed for citizenship between ages twenty and forty-five. Federal agents established a quota of new troops due from each congressional district. In some cities, particularly New York City, enforcement of the act sparked civil unrest as the war dragged on, leading to the New York Draft Riots on July 13–16. It replaced the previous Militia Act of 1862.

Conscription in the United States commonly known as The Draft has been employed by the federal government of the United States in four conflicts: the American Civil War; World War I; World War II; and the Cold War (including both the Korean and Vietnam Wars). The third incarnation of the draft came into being in 1940 through the Selective Training and Service Act. It was the country's first peacetime draft. From 1940 until 1973, during both peacetime and periods of conflict, men were drafted to fill vacancies in the United States Armed Forces that could not be filled through voluntary means. The draft was ended when the United States Armed Forces moved to an all-volunteer military force. However, the Selective Service System remains in place as a contingency plan; All male civilians between the ages of 18 and 25 are required to register so that a draft can be readily resumed if needed.

Exemption is the process of freeing someone from an obligation, duty, liability, rule or requirement imposed on others. Grant relief from. Immunity - Implied Consent - Entrapment.

Exemptions, Postponements and Deferments: A high school student may have his induction postponed until he graduates or reaches age 20, whichever occurs first. College students may be postponed until the end of the semester. If they are in their last academic year, they may be postponed until the end of that academic year. A registrant automatically gets his induction delayed if he files a claim for reclassification. He is also entitled to file for a postponement if he is a student or if he has an emergency beyond his control, such as a serious illness or death in his immediate family. Surviving sons or brothers in a family where the parent or sibling died as a result of U.S. military service, or is in a captured or missing in action status, are exempt from service in peacetime. Hardship deferments are available for men whose induction would result in hardship to persons who depend upon them for support. Ministers are exempted from service. Ministerial students are deferred from service until they complete their studies. Certain elected officials are exempt from service as long as they continue to hold office. Immigrants and dual nationals in some cases may be exempt from U.S. military service depending upon their place of residence and country of citizenship.

Conscientious Objectors perform service to the nation in a manner consistent with their moral, ethical or religious opposition to participation in war in any form. Depending upon the nature of his beliefs, a conscientious objector serves either in a noncombatant capacity in the armed forces or in a civilian job contributing to the national interest.

Costa Rica's constitution has Forbidden a standing military since 1949.

List of Countries without Armed Forces (wiki)

All soldiers on active duty receive a basic pay. The Army ranks its soldiers from E1 through E6. E1s with less than two years experience earn an annual salary of $19,660. The wage is slightly lower for the first four months of service. U.S. Army pays its employees an average of $57,428 a year. Salaries at U.S. Army range from an average of $29,842 to $109,470 a year. Navy SEAL -- with over a dozen years of experience and an E-7 pay grade -- is about $54,000. Base pay, for all ranks/ pay grades are the same throughout the armed forces. An E4 in the Marines is paid the same amount as an E4 in the Army, Navy or Air Force.

Stolen Valor Act makes it a federal crime to fraudulently claim to be a recipient of certain military decorations or medals in order to obtain money, property, or other tangible benefit.

Advertising Military Service at Sporting Events should be illegal. It should be a federal crime to fraudulently use sports to promote military service, or use other non relative events, in order to make money or spread propaganda, because Military Service is not the only way to Serve your Country. So this Advertiser fraud needs to stop and we need to stop glorifying war and stop using military service people as pawns to promote war. I thank you for your service, but only if you serve the people, and not the corporations who profit from killing people and destroying countries. Sport Washing is when a corrupt or tyrannical regime uses sports to enhance its reputation. Indoctrination - Exploiting Nationalism - Sports and Domestic Violence.

Gladiator was an armed combatant who entertained audiences in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire in violent confrontations with other gladiators, wild animals, and condemned criminals. Some gladiators were volunteers who risked their lives and their legal and social standing by appearing in the arena. Most were despised as slaves, schooled under harsh conditions, socially marginalized, and segregated even in death. Irrespective of their origin, gladiators offered spectators an example of Rome's martial ethics and, in fighting or dying well, they could inspire admiration and popular acclaim. They were celebrated in high and low art, and their value as entertainers was commemorated in precious and commonplace objects throughout the Roman world. Illusion of Standards.

Ways to Serve your Country: Educate yourself everyday or as much as possible. If you want to be of service, you have to learn how to be of service in the most effective ways possible. You don't want to wait to be told what to do, then you might not fully understand what needs to be done. Help people when you can. Support organizations that helps people and also benefits society. Be nice to people. Don't waste Food. Don't waste resources. Don't pollute. Protect clean water. Don't spread hate. Don't commit crimes. Vote for political leaders who are competent and compassionate. Work jobs that make a difference and also benefit people, instead of working jobs that only benefit criminal corporations or work jobs that exploit ignorant consumers. Buy organic food and grow food organically. Serve your country by educating yourself everyday. Live, Learn, Love and Progress.

I Serve You, but I am Not Your Slave.

Lies of Heroism – Redefining the Anti-War Film (youtube) - How war films glorify war and sometimes shows how insane wars are. War Movies - Clips and Scenes: 13 Hours (2016) - 1917 (2019) - A Hidden Life (2019) - All Quiet on the Western Front (1930) - American Sniper (2014) - Apocalypse Now (1979) - Band of Brothers (2001) - Black Hawk Down (2001) - Born on the Fourth of July (1989) - Casualties of War (1989) - Come and See (1985) - Coming Home (1978) - Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964) - Dunkirk (2017) - Flags of Our Fathers (2006) - Full Metal Jacket (1987) - Fury (2014) - Green Zone (2010) - Hacksaw Ridge (2016) - Heartbreak Ridge (1986) - Jarhead (2005) - Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) - Land of Mine (2015) - Letters From Iwo Jima (2006) - Lone Survivor (2013) - Man Down (2015) - Midway (2019) - Operation Finale (2018) - Paths of Glory (1957) - Patton (1970) - Pearl Harbor (2001) - Platoon (1986) - Sands of Iwo Jima (1949) - Saving Private Ryan (1998) - Schindler's List (1993) - Stalingrad (1993) - Thank You For Your Service (2017) - The Thin Red Line (1998) - The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) - The Deer Hunter (1978) - The Great Dictator (1940) - The Human Condition I: No Greater Love (1959) - The Human Condition II: Road to Eternity (1959) - The Human Condition III: A Soldier's Prayer (1961) - The Hurt Locker (2008) - The Pacific (2010) - Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen (2009) - We Were Soldiers (2002) - Zero Dark Thirty (2013). 100's of Movies portray Gun Violence. 100's TV shows that portray gun violence.

In wars, soldiers are fighting evil for the good of the country. But what if the soldiers on both sides believe the same thing that they too are fighting evil for the good of the country. So the real enemy is ignorance. The only evil there is lays in the hands of the people with wealth and power who have been corrupted and possessed by the power they have inherited or stolen. War is a game played by people in power. The people never start wars, people are influenced to fight wars. Wars are fought by lower class citizens. Wars are not fought by the people who start the wars. War is not a game to a soldier. War is a harsh reality with more deaths than glory. People lose on both sides, while the powerful walk away unharmed with their profits.

Nothing is wrong with having a good defense. What's wrong is using aggression and then lying to people by calling it a defense. This is totally wrong, especially when know one is attacking you or threatening you. You can't invade your neighbors property and then physically attack them or shoot them in order to defend yourself. You defend yourself by communicating to your neighbor so as to avoid any misunderstandings in the future, just like people have done for thousands of years, except for the ignorant people who provoke violence and wars, which luckily are very few, but they are extremely dangerous as history and present day has confirmed.

Military Base is a facility directly owned and operated by or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations.

America has over a 1,000 Military Bases in 130 Countries - US Military Bases around the World.

"One of the Biggest Threats to Democracy is Standing Armies." - George Washington's Farewell Address (wiki)

"The means of defense against foreign danger, have been always the instruments of tyranny at home. Among the Romans it was a standing maxim to excite a war, whenever a revolt was apprehended. Throughout all Europe, the armies kept up under the pretext of defending, have enslaved the people." - James Madison (wiki)

"I believe that banking institutions are more dangerous to our liberties than standing armies." - Thomas Jefferson (wiki)

More Military bases creates more political control and more economic control, or just more control or influence. But who's controlling who? When you live in your own world, who's world do you live in?

Modernizing Nuclear Weapons Warheads is not Disarming, it's Extremely Alarming.

Beginning in 2018, Pentagon audits will occur annually, with reports issued Nov. 15. The Defense Department's comptroller, David L. Norquist, said. To carry out the audit, the Pentagon says it will deploy 2,400 auditors to go over records and examine bases, property and weapons of a federal department that had a budget of $590 billion last year. The Defense Department has famously never been audited, despite receiving hundreds of billions of dollars annually and having more than $2.2 trillion in assets. In late 2016, reports emerged that Pentagon officials had "buried an internal study that exposed $125 billion in administrative waste in its business operations amid fears Congress would use the findings as an excuse to slash the defense budget, as The Washington Post reported.

A lot of Great Inventions came from the Military. But you don't need the military to have great inventions. Inventions come from people. And where people work or who is paying their salaries is not as important as peoples goals and the intentions of those goals. We did not need the military to improve communication or improve information gathering, because those things were going to happen anyway. So we got the job done. We improved communications and we improved information gathering. But the problem is the people who control these advanced technologies. They don't have same goals or the same intentions as the governments do or as citizens do. We are still moving forward, but we have no idea who's driving the car. Bad enough that most people have no idea where our world is headed, they can't even turn the wheel or put on the breaks to avoid crashing. And we can't hand over the reins to people because most people are not educated enough to be responsible for themselves or for other people. And they also don't have the skills and the knowledge needed to sustain a healthy environment. So we are at a crossroads, but no one knows who's driving. Looks like we will have to learn how to drive together.

A small country with big ideas to get rid of fossil fuels: Monica Araya (video and Interactive text) - When a country gets rid of their Military and Fossils fuels, Good things Happen.


Racket of War - How Corporations Influence Wars


War is a Racket discusses how business interests commercially benefit and profit from warfare. This 1935 book was written by Smedley Butler, a retired United States Marine Corps Major General and two-time Medal of Honor recipient. (July 30, 1881 – June 21, 1940). - "War is a Racket. It always has been. It is possibly the oldest, easily the most profitable, surely the most vicious. It is the only one international in scope. It is the only one in which the profits are reckoned in dollars and the losses in lives." "I spent 33 years and four months in active military service and during that period I spent most of my time as a high class muscle man for Big Business, for Wall Street and the Bankers. In short, I was a Racketeer, a gangster for capitalism. I helped make Mexico and especially Tampico safe for American oil interests in 1914. I helped make Haiti and Cuba a decent place for the National City Bank boys to collect revenues in. I helped in the raping of half a dozen Central American republics for the benefit of Wall Street. I helped purify Nicaragua for the International Banking House of Brown Brothers in 1902-1912. I brought light to the Dominican Republic for the American sugar interests in 1916. I helped make Honduras right for the American fruit companies in 1903. In China in 1927 I helped see to it that Standard Oil went on its way unmolested. Looking back on it, I might have given Al Capone a few hints. The best he could do was to operate his racket in three districts. I operated on three continents." Rackets - Drug War - Militarization of Police - Schools are a Racket - Right Wing Extremism.

"We must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the Military-Industrial Complex." - Dwight D Eisenhower Speech on Jan. 17, 1961.

Military Industrial Complex is an informal alliance between a nation's military and the defense industry which supplies it, seen together as a vested interest which influences public policy.

John F. Kennedy Speech, New York City, April 27, 1961 The very word "secrecy" is repugnant in a free and open society; JFK was Murdered on November 22, 1963, Dallas, Texas. Michael Prysner.

Banks profit from wars too. The people who Finance Wars are the people who make wars possible.

Merchants of Death was a name used in the U.S. in the 1930s to attack industries and banks that supplied and funded World War I and made huge profits. A Senate hearing examined how much influence the manufacturers of armaments had in the American decision to enter World War I, but is was covered up.

Project Democracy used the allure of democracy to undermine other countries and their social structures. It was basically a front for corporations to manipulate and control other countries and privatize as many services as they can so they could steal the wealth of that country and force more people into poverty and chaos. Sometimes backing revolutions just so they can exploit the weakness during the power shift. America also backed dictators in other countries so they could weasel their way in and take control. All their plans to make other countries democratic are so poorly managed and implemented that they are doomed to fail, usually on purpose with no real intentions of succeeding, just so they could exploit that countries weaknesses, just like they have been doing in America since the 1800's. Just giving people the right to vote is the illusion of Democracy. You will only have a true democracy when education improves and knowledge and information is available to everyone at anytime and anywhere. How do Military Personnel Vote, Republican or Democrat? (image)

Undermine is to lessen the effectiveness, or the power, or ability of something, especially gradually or insidiously. To erode the base or the foundation of a formation on which to build on.

More than 100 Gold Star families are suing several major defense contractors, alleging they made illegal "protection payments" to the Taliban — thereby funding the Taliban's insurgency efforts that killed or wounded thousands of Americans in Afghanistan. It's illegal under the federal Anti-Terrorism Act to provide material support to the Taliban. The U.S. has warned defense contractors that protection payments are against the law, but according to the lawsuit, the practice has proliferated because defense contractors believe they are above the law and that extortion rackets help them to continue to profit from war.

Pentagon Papers reveled that the Johnson Administration systematically lied, not only to the public but also to Congress. The U.S. had secretly enlarged the scope of its actions in the Vietnam War with the bombings of nearby Cambodia and Laos, coastal raids on North Vietnam, as well as Marine Corps attacks, none of which were reported in the mainstream media. Military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967.

Casualties of War lists the United States military dead, wounded, and missing person totals for wars and major deployments. Blow Back.

War Profiteering is any person or organization that profits from warfare or by selling weapons and other goods to parties at war. Profiting from any industry or process that supplies a war or wars.

Capitalism becomes a racket when corrupted. And disasters become a racket too when criminals are there to exploit the victims. Covid-19.

"When wealthy scumbags invest in industries that do more harm than good, they are profiting off death and despair, just like war profiteers do". War Crimes.

"I tell you mothers now – I will never rob your cradles to feed the dogs of war.” Senator Thomas Gore on not sending US troops to fight overseas. In office December 11, 1907 – March 4, 1921. (grandfather of Gore Vidal).

War Dogs is a 2016 film that follows two arms dealers, Efraim Diveroli and David Packouz, who receive a US Army contract to supply munitions and guns for the Afghan National Army worth approximately $300 million.

Warlord is a leader able to exercise military, economic, and political control over a subnational territory within a sovereign state due to their ability to mobilize loyal armed forces. These armed forces, usually considered militias, are loyal to the warlord rather than to the state regime. Warlords have existed throughout much of history, albeit in a variety of different capacities within the political, economic, and social structure of states or ungoverned territories.

Hawkish is advocating an aggressive or warlike policy, especially in foreign affairs.

War Hawk is a term used in politics for someone who favors war or continuing to escalate an existing conflict as opposed to other solutions. War hawks are the opposite of doves. The terms are derived by analogy with the birds of the same name: hawks are predators that attack and eat other animals, whereas doves mostly eat seeds and fruit and are historically a symbol of peace.

Arms Trafficking also known as gunrunning, is the trafficking of contraband weapons and ammunition. What constitutes legal trade in firearms varies widely, depending on local and national laws. Guns in America.

Small Arms Trade is the markets of both authorized and illicit small arms and light weapons (SALW), as well as their parts, accessories, and ammunition.

Arms Industry is a global industry responsible for the manufacturing and sales of weapons and military technology. Products include guns, artillery, ammunition, missiles, military aircraft, military vehicles, ships, electronic systems, night vision devices, holographic weapon sights, laser rangefinders, laser sights, hand grenades, landmines and more. The arms industry also provides other logistical and operational support. 2012 military expenditures were roughly 1.8 trillion United States dollars. This represents a relative decline from 1990 when military expenditures made up 4% of world GDP.

War Chest is a reserve of funds used for fighting a war or a sum of money used for conducting a campaign or business. A war chest is also a metaphor for any collection of tools or money intended to be used in a challenging or dangerous situation. It referred to the chest located in the homes or in the barracks of soldiers, in which the soldier kept arms and armor.

Proxy War is when a Government supports enemies of other countries so they can pretend that they are not fighting the other country directly. Accessory to a Crime.

Preventative Paradox - Peace - Draft

Gun Control (manufacturers) - Corporate Crimes - Treason

"A Few Profit and the Many Pay. But there is a way to stop it. You can't end it by disarmament conferences. You can't eliminate it by peace parleys at Geneva. Well-meaning but impractical groups can't wipe it out by resolutions. It can be smashed effectively only by taking the profit out of war." Famous Rants.

"There are only two things we should fight for. One is the defense of our homes and the other is the Bill of Rights."

The Empire Files - The Rise of History's Biggest Empire (youtube) - Abby Martin (wiki)

War is Hell, don't let anyone tell you anything different. War is complete madness. It is the most ugliest and most despicable human flaw there is. Human Nature is to be good. We are born good. But this type of sickness comes from people not having enough knowledge and information, which we have clearly witnessed and measured. When humans are more knowledgeable and more informed, humans will always be good. That's because when people are more aware of what's Good and Bad, they will always seek peaceful solutions and seek the path of least effort and resistance, which is the basic function of all life on earth, it's just natural. So Education needs to improve, because these kind of things don't fix themselves, as we can clearly see.  We are better then this. It's time for an exit plan, a way out of this mess. Leave no one behind. It's time.

FUBAR is a military acronym for "F*cked Up Beyond All Reasoning", and Moral Principles, absolutely f*cking Crazy.

Shit Show is a situation or event marked by chaos or controversy. Denotes general craziness, debauchery, drama and sheer insanity all occurring simultaneously.

Cluster Fuck is a disastrously mishandled situation or undertaking. A chaotic situation where everything seems to go wrong.

Snafu is a confused or chaotic state; a mess.

Sideshow is an extra, secondary production associated with a circus, carnival, fair, or other such attraction. A freak show exhibiting "human oddities" (including "born freaks" such as midgets, giants or persons with other deformities, or "made freaks" like tattooed people, fat people or "human skeletons"- extremely thin men often "married" to the fat lady.

Freak Show is an exhibition of biological rarities, referred to in popular culture as "freaks of nature". Typical features would be physically unusual humans, such as those uncommonly large or small, those with intersex variations, those with extraordinary diseases and conditions, and others with performances expected to be shocking to viewers. Heavily tattooed or pierced people have sometimes been seen in freak shows, (more common in modern times as a side show act) as have attention-getting physical performers such as fire-eating and sword-swallowing acts.

War is intense armed conflict between states, governments, societies, or paramilitary groups such as mercenaries, insurgents and militias. It is generally characterized by extreme violence, aggression, destruction, and mortality, using regular or irregular military forces. Warfare refers to the common activities and characteristics of types of war, or of wars in general. Total war is warfare that is not restricted to purely legitimate military targets, and can result in massive civilian or other non-combatant suffering and casualties.

Endless War is when corporations and powerful criminals use a countries military as a political weapon, which forces the military to be in an unusual situation with no clear objectives. War Crimes.

Perpetual War is a lasting state of war with no clear conditions that would lead to its conclusion. These wars are situations of ongoing tension that may escalate at any moment, similar to the Cold War. From the late 20th century, the concepts have been used to critique the United States Armed Forces interventions in foreign nations and the military–industrial complex, or wars with ambiguous enemies such as the War on Terror, War on Poverty and the War on Drugs. Poor military planning is one of the major reasons that a forever war can occur. If the territory gained in a war is not occupied or controlled properly, this can allow a deadly insurgency to occur, potentially stretching out a conflict that never ends. Similarly, warfare that is fought irregularly, such as rebellions in Africa, do not have a set of military objectives in mind, usually because these rebel groups intend to commit war crimes against the civilian population. Thus, the lack of actual military goals can in itself be a reason that a forever war can occur. A very large defense budget may also be a factor in the transpiration of a forever war. This allows a country to fight several forever wars. As of 2018, the United States has a high military budget that is larger than their budget for World War II, allowing for inflation, which enables them to fight wars forever in Iraq and other countries. The idea of a forever war can also extend to civil wars. Simply, civil wars can last for a prolonged period of time whenever a military stalemate occurs between both sides. A lack of democracy in a country can lead to a forever war, as this makes a country more likely to become engulfed in a civil war. Politically, forever wars can occur in order to keep money flowing into institutions, such as the Military-Industrial-Congressional Complex (MICC). Thus, forever wars can serve as domestic political engines. The continuous changes in capitalism in globalized markets influences policy makers. This, in turn, causes the policy makers to promote policies of continuing and expanding wars. As well, forever wars can be used by small armed groups in an attempt to wear down a larger group or country. For example, in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks and the beginning of the War on Terror, Al-Qaeda attempted to get the United States involved in a prolonged guerrilla war in Afghanistan, or in other words a forever war. The reason for this was to destroy American will to fight such a long war, and ultimately force the United States to not only withdraw from Afghanistan, but from the Middle East as well. Thus, forever wars can be started in an attempt to achieve political goals for armed groups. Wars between ethnic or ideological groups can become forever wars, as such wars are harder to end with a negotiated peace deal due to the different interests of the two sides. Perpetual war can also stem from financial support for a rebellion or country, such as rebel groups selling illegal products or taxing civilians on one side of the conflict. The financial assistance allows rebellion groups to be able to fight longer with more supplies.

Endemic Warfare is a state of continual or frequent warfare, such as is found in some tribal societies (but is not limited to tribal societies).

War is like a chain reaction that goes out of control. Attack, defeat, retreat, treaty. Attack, defeat, retreat, treaty. Attack, defeat, retreat, treaty. And the reinfection rate for war has been high for thousands of year. The only vaccine available to end all wars is knowledge and information. Intelligent humans are less violent and can communicate more effectively. No need for war, war is stupid.

War of Aggression is a military conflict waged without the justification of self-defense, usually for territorial gain and subjugation.

Belligerent is characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight and engage in war. Belligerent is an individual, group, country, or other entity that acts in a hostile manner, such as engaging in combat. Belligerent comes from Latin, literally meaning "one who wages war". Unlike the use of belligerent as an adjective to mean aggressive, its use as a noun does not necessarily imply that a belligerent country is an aggressor.

Co-Belligerence is the waging of a war in cooperation against a common enemy with or without a formal treaty of military alliance. Generally, the term is used for cases where no alliance exists. Likewise, allies may not become co-belligerents in a war if a casus foederis invoking the alliance has not arisen. Co-belligerents are defined as "states engaged in a conflict with a common enemy, whether in alliance with each other or not".

Permanent War Economy argues at the time that the United States would retain the character of a war economy; even in peacetime, US military expenditure would remain large, reducing the percentage of unemployed compared to the 1930s. He extended this analysis in 1950 and 1951. Which in turn leads to space war and defense economy.

War as Metaphor is a longstanding literary and rhetorical trope. In political usage, war metaphors are used to manage a perceived societal problem, with the concept taking the place of an individual or state enemy in true war.

15 million lives were lost in the course of World War I (1914-18). 60 million lives both military and civilian were lost during World War II.  The loss of life in the second World War (1939-1945) was on a much large scale, when compared to World War I. The largest WWII casualties were China and the Soviet Union, 26 million in the Soviet Union, China estimates its losses at approximately 20,000,000 deaths. Austria lost approximately 8 million people during WWII, Japan lost more than 2.5 million people. The US and Britain respectively lost more than 400,000 lives. US Has Killed More Than 20 Million People in 37 “Victim Nations” Since World War II.


War is illegal


Murder is illegal, so that makes War illegal. But just having a law does not stop a crime. You have to improve education if you want to stop crimes. And you also have to create a fair system that does not encourage crimes, or causes crimes to happen. This is not just about Self Defense.

"Kill one person, it's called murder, kill tens of thousands, it's called foreign policy." War is a Racket - Just Following Orders.

We Can Work It Out (youtube) - War, What Is It Good For? Absolutely Nothing! Say it Again (youtube)

Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human being with planning or plotting in advance with intention to commit to murder someone. Guilty.

Mass Murder is the act of murdering a number of people, typically simultaneously or over a relatively short period of time and in close geographic proximity.

Genocide - Terrorism - Rape - Violence - The War for Your Mind

All's Fair in Love and War is what an ignorant criminal says as a lame excuse for committing a crime. The criminal is under the assumption that their objective was justifiable, without providing any proof or evidence.

Just War Theory is a doctrine is to ensure war is morally justifiable through a series of criteria, all of which must be met for a war to be considered just. The criteria are split into two groups: "right to go to war" (jus ad bellum) and "right conduct in war" (jus in bello). The reason for going to war needs to be just and cannot therefore be solely for recapturing things taken or punishing people who have done wrong; innocent life must be in imminent danger and intervention must be to protect life. A contemporary view of just cause was expressed in 1993 when the US Catholic Conference said: "Force may be used only to correct a grave, public evil, i.e., aggression or massive violation of the basic human rights of whole populations." Force may be used only in a truly just cause and solely for that purpose—correcting a suffered wrong is considered a right intention, while material gain or maintaining economies is not. Arms may not be used in a futile cause or in a case where disproportionate measures are required to achieve success. Force may be used only after all peaceful and viable alternatives have been seriously tried and exhausted or are clearly not practical. It may be clear that the other side is using negotiations as a delaying tactic and will not make meaningful concessions. The anticipated benefits of waging a war must be proportionate to its expected evils or harms. This principle is also known as the principle of macro-proportionality, so as to distinguish it from the jus in bello principle of proportionality. In modern terms, just war is waged in terms of self-defense, or in defense of another (with sufficient evidence). Fair treatment of prisoners of war. Enemy combatants who surrendered or who are captured no longer pose a threat. It is therefore wrong to torture them or otherwise mistreat them. Combatants may not use weapons or other methods of warfare that are considered evil, such as mass rape, forcing enemy combatants to fight against their own side or using weapons whose effects cannot be controlled like with nuclear weapons or biological weapons. Prohibited acts include bombing civilian residential areas that include no legitimate military targets, committing acts of terrorism or reprisal against civilians or prisoners of war (POWs), and attacking neutral targets. Moreover, combatants are not permitted to attack enemy combatants who have surrendered or who have been captured or who are injured and not presenting an immediate lethal threat or who are parachuting from disabled aircraft and are not airborne forces or who are shipwrecked.

Executive Actions of the CIA refers to assassination operations. It is said that these operations may have been conducted by the CIA's Division D, a subsection of the agency's Directorate of Operations.

Warlord is a leader able to exercise military, economic, and political control over a subnational territory within a sovereign state due to his or her ability to mobilize loyal armed forces. These armed forces, usually considered militias, are loyal to the warlord rather than to the state regime. Warlords have existed throughout much of history, albeit in a variety of different capacities within the political, economic, and social structure of states or ungoverned territories.

Types of Killing (wiki)

Barbaric is being uncivilized savage. Wild and menacing. Criticize harshly or violently. Attack brutally and fiercely. Unrestrained and crudely rich. Rapacious. Excessively greedy and grasping.

Belligerent is being hostile, aggressive and eager to fight.

Crimes Against Humanity are certain acts that are deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population or an identifiable part of a population. Crimes Against Humanity Initiative

Clandestine are actions conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods.

Coercion is the practice of forcing another party to act in an involuntary manner by use of intimidation or threats or some other form of pressure or force.

Posse Comitatus Act is to limit the powers of the federal government in using federal military personnel to enforce domestic policies within the United States.

Why civilians suffer more once a war is over: Margaret Bourdeaux (video and interactive text)

Tyranny is the arbitrary or unrestrained exercise of power; cruel and oppressive abuse of authority. Unjust severity of government on the part of any ruler. Tyranny of the Majority is used in discussing an inherent weakness in the system of pure direct democracy and majority rule. Tyranny of the majority involves a scenario in which a majority of an electorate places its own interests above, and at the expense and to the detriment of, those in the minority, where by that detriment constitutes active oppression comparable to that of a tyrant or despot. Fascism.


War Crimes


War Crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the law of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility. Examples of war crimes include intentionally killing civilians or prisoners, torture, destroying civilian property, taking hostages, perfidy, rape, using child soldiers, pillaging, declaring that no quarter will be given, and using weapons that cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering. Racket.

Nuremberg Principles is determining what constitutes a war crime.

List of War Crimes (wiki) - List of Convicted War Criminals (wiki)

Crimes Against Humanity are certain acts that are purposely committed as part of a widespread or systematic policy, directed against civilians, in times of war or peace. They differ from war crimes because they are not isolated acts committed by individual soldiers, but are acts committed in furtherance of a state policy. The first prosecution for crimes against humanity took place at the Nuremberg trials. Initially being considered for legal use, widely in International Law, following the Holocaust. Following the Holocaust a global standard of human rights was articulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948. Political groups or states that violate or incite violation of human rights norms, as found in the Declaration, are an expression of the political pathologies associated with crimes against humanity. Crimes against humanity have since been prosecuted by other international courts (for example, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the International Criminal Court) as well as in domestic prosecutions. The law of crimes against humanity has primarily developed through the evolution of customary international law. Crimes against humanity are not codified in an international convention, although there is currently an international effort to establish such a treaty, led by the Crimes Against Humanity Initiative. Unlike war crimes, crimes against humanity can be committed during peace or war. They are not isolated or sporadic events, but are part either of a government policy (although the perpetrators need not identify themselves with this policy) or of a wide practice of atrocities tolerated or condoned by a government or a de facto authority. War crimes, murder, massacres, dehumanization, genocide, ethnic cleansing, deportations, unethical human experimentation, extrajudicial punishments including summary executions, use of weapons of mass destruction, state terrorism or state sponsoring of terrorism, death squads, kidnappings and forced disappearances, use of child soldiers, unjust imprisonment, enslavement, torture, rape, political repression, racial discrimination, religious persecution and other human rights abuses may reach the threshold of crimes against humanity if they are part of a widespread or systematic practice.

Uniform Code of Military Justice is the foundation of military law in the United States which provides that "The Congress shall have Power To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval forces".

Military Justice is the body of laws and procedures governing members of the armed forces which include the preservation of good order and discipline, the legality of orders, and appropriate conduct for members of the military.

Chemical Warfare (pesticides, toxins, food additives, pharmaceuticals, pollution)

Law of War is a legal term of art that refers to the aspect of public international law concerning acceptable justifications to engage in war. Laws.

United Nations Charter is a constituent treaty.

Geneva Protocol is a treaty prohibiting the use of chemical and biological weapons in international armed conflicts.

Chemical Weapons Convention is an arms control treaty that outlaws the production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons and their precursors.

Biological Weapons Convention was the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning the production of an entire category of weapons.

Arson is a crime of intentionally, deliberately and maliciously setting fire to buildings, wildland areas, abandoned homes, vehicles or other property with the intent to cause damage or enjoy the act. It may be distinguished from other causes such as spontaneous combustion, accidental fires (smoking in bed, e.g.) and natural wildfires. Arson often involves someone deliberately burning their own property, or having someone else do it, to collect the insurance. A person who commits this crime is called an arsonist. More often than not, arsonists use accelerants (such as gasoline or kerosene) to ignite, propel and directionalize fires.

Greek Fire was an incendiary weapon used by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire that was first developed c.672.

Incendiary Device are weapons designed to start fires or destroy sensitive equipment using fire (and sometimes used as anti-personnel weaponry), that use materials such as napalm, thermite, magnesium powder, chlorine trifluoride, or white phosphorus. Though colloquially often known as bombs, they are not explosives but in fact are designed to slow the process of chemical reactions and use ignition rather than detonation to start and or maintain the reaction. Napalm for example, is petroleum especially thickened with certain chemicals into a 'gel' to slow, but not stop, combustion, releasing energy over a longer time than an explosive device. In the case of napalm, the gel adheres to surfaces and resists suppression.

Nuclear Weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb). Both bomb types release large quantities of energy from relatively small amounts of matter. The first test of a fission ("atomic") bomb released an amount of energy approximately equal to 20,000 tons of TNT (84 TJ). The first thermonuclear ("hydrogen") bomb test released energy approximately equal to 10 million tons of TNT (42 PJ). A thermonuclear weapon weighing little more than 2,400 pounds (1,100 kg) can release energy equal to more than 1.2 million tons of TNT (5.0 PJ). A nuclear device no larger than traditional bombs can devastate an entire city by blast, fire, and radiation. Since they are weapons of mass destruction, the proliferation of nuclear weapons is a focus of international relations policy. (Nuclear weapon is also called an atom bomb, nuke, atomic bomb, nuclear warhead, A-bomb, or nuclear bomb). Radiation.

Tactical Nuclear Weapon is a nuclear weapon which is designed to be used on a battlefield in military situations mostly with friendly forces in proximity and perhaps even on contested friendly territory. Generally smaller in explosive power, they are defined in contrast to strategic nuclear weapons: which are designed to be mostly targeted in the enemy interior away from the war front against military bases, cities, towns, arms industries, and other hardened or larger-area targets to damage the enemy's ability to wage war. Low-Yield Warhead or W54 was one of the smallest nuclear warheads deployed by the United States. It was a very compact implosion-type nuclear weapon design, designed for tactical use and had a very low yield for a nuclear weapon, in the range of 10 to 1,000 tons TNT equivalent. Deterrence.


Torture - Kidnapping


Kidnapping is the abduction or unlawful transportation of a person, usually to hold the person against his or her will.

Unlawful Restraint occurs whenever someone illegally deprives others of their physical freedom. Unlawful restraint happens when one person knowingly and intentionally restrains another person without that person's consent and without legal justification. Slave Labor.

Abduction is the criminal act of capturing and carrying away by force. Draft.

Abuse - Terrorism - Rape - Trauma - Terror - Shock - Prison - Bail Bonds

Criminal Confinement is when a person who knowingly or intentionally confines another person without the other person’s consent commits criminal confinement. Except as provided in subsection (b), the offense of criminal confinement is a Level 6 felony. Solitary Confinement.

Confine is to prevent someone from leaving or physically prevent someone from moving. To deprive someone of freedom. To restrict or limit someone to within certain bounds. Prison.

Arrest is the act of depriving people of their liberty, usually in relation to an investigation or prevention of a crime, and thus detaining the arrested person in a procedure as part of the criminal justice system.

Habeas Corpus or the great writ is a fundamental right in the Constitution that protects against unlawful and indefinite imprisonment. is a recourse in law through which a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment to a court and request that the court order the custodian of the person, usually a prison official, to bring the prisoner to court, to determine whether the detention is lawful. ICE - Immigration

Arbitrary Arrest and Detention are the arrest or detention of an individual in a case in which there is no likelihood or evidence that they committed a crime against legal statute, or in which there has been no proper due process of law or order. Virtually all individuals who are arbitrarily arrested are given no explanation as to why they are being arrested, and they are not shown any arrest warrant. False Evidence.

False Arrest where a plaintiff alleges they were held in custody without probable cause, or without an order issued by a court of competent jurisdiction.

Siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by weakening peoples defenses by stopping food, water and other necessities, or assaulting.

Torture is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain on an organism in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim. Torture, by definition, is a knowing and intentional act; deeds which unknowingly or negligently inflict pain without a specific intent to do so are not typically considered torture. James Mitchell co-owned a company that was paid $80 million by the U.S. government to develop what the CIA called "enhanced interrogation techniques", like being slammed into a wall, doused with water and slapped multiple times in the face and stomach, put in stress positions such as being forced to lean at an angle against a wall using only the forehead and also to kneel backwards to an extreme degree for nearly an hour. Then returned to a jail cell naked and again placed in a standing sleep deprivation position, where they remained until the next interrogation the following day. Person was also denied solid food and given a cold-water bath afterward. CIA interrogators took part and used methods in abusive and unauthorized ways. Repeated Harassment.

Psychology of Torture refers to the psychological processes underlying all aspects of torture including the relationship between the perpetrator and the victim, the immediate and long-term effects, and the political and social institutions that influence its use. Torture itself is the use of physical or psychological pain to control the victim or fulfill some needs of the perpetrator.

United Nations Convention against Torture aims to prevent torture and other acts of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment around the world. The Convention requires states to take effective measures to prevent torture in any territory under their jurisdiction, and forbids states to transport people to any country where there is reason to believe they will be tortured.

Fay Report was a military investigation into the torture and abuse of prisoners at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq.

Guerrilla Warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.

Rights of Humans - International Law

War Powers Act of 1941 increased Federal power during World War II.

War Powers Resolution is a federal law intended to check the president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of the U.S. Congress.

Global Research, War is illegal

Nuclear Bombs by Country Depleted Uranium (radiation cancer) - Nuclear Weapons

Drones - Crimes (corporate)

107,394 Americans who have been diagnosed with cancers and other diseases after building the nation’s nuclear stockpile over the last seven decades. At least 33,480 Americans dead. Federal officials greatly underestimated how sick the U.S. nuclear workforce would become. At first, the government predicted the program would serve only 3,000 people at an annual cost of $120 million. Fourteen years later, taxpayers have spent sevenfold that estimate, $12 billion, on payouts and medical expenses for more than 53,000 workers.

Used & Betrayed - 100 Years of US Troops as Lab Rats // Empire File 026 (youtube, 31 mins.)

Soldiers Exposed to Mustard Gas Database

A Military should be about self-defense, not aggression. People need protection, and people need a way to defend themselves. They need to defend their family, defend their friends, defend their neighbors, and defend their fellow citizens and defend Human Rights.

There are scumbags in America who want terrorism to happen because they can profit from it. Most terrorist acts are known about before hand, just like 9-11, it's just that the scumbags let the attacks happen because they can profit from it. They murder innocent people so they can keep their jobs, how f*cked up is that!. Just like the scumbags who knew about the financial collapse in 2008 before it happened. There are some really sick and f*cked up people out there who don't care about profiting from the misery of others. WTF!

Scorched Earth Policy is a military strategy of burning or destroying buildings, crops, or other resources that might be of use to an invading enemy force. But it is now used a s a method to make areas unlivable and unstable so that a state becomes weak unable to defend themselves, and also weak countries are easier to exploit and manipulate and control.

"We need to stand against ignorance of all kinds, whether it's war, murder, rape, corruption, propaganda, prejudice, and so on."

The Empire Files - 9/11 and the Belligerent Empire (youtube 24 min 48 sec. Published on Sep 11, 2015)
In September 11th's episode of The Empire Files on TeleSUR, Abby Martin examines the two major wars launched under the "Global War on Terror"--their historical development and their aftermath. Featuring former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark, this episode digs into the tragedy of a region shaped by Empire. 1,300 people have died from ground zero dust exposure, a 20% rise in cancer from 911 ground zero exposure.

Heroin-Related Deaths increase annually across the U.S. nearly tripled between 2002 and 2013, National Vital Statistics System (thanks to the CIA).

The Empire Files: 'This Ship is Sinking' Says Former Bush Official (youtube, Dec 11, 2015 24 mins.)
Abby Martin interviews retired U.S. Army Colonel Lawrence Wilkerson, former national security advisor to the Reagan administration, who spent years as an assistant to Secretary of State Colin Powell during both Bush administrations. Today, he is honest about the unfixable corruption inside the establishment and the corporate interests driving foreign policy.

Obama: A Legacy of Ashes (youtube, 1 hour Corbett report)
Full Movie: "Clinton Cash" (youtube, 1:04 )

War Is a Racket

More than 90,000 soldiers and Marines, many of them elite fighters, are deployed four or more times.

"The Military should be used for Peacekeeping, Emergency Response and Helping Displaced People. Using the military as self-defense, or to enforce political agendas, should only be used as a last resort of a world gone mad." New Training.

There are no men or women alive who would rather kill other people if they knew that they could talk with other people and work together with other people to solve a disagreement or settle a dispute. It's the lack of knowledge and skills that cause people to believe that their only choice is to kill other people. Ignorance can easily fool people into killing other people instead of communicating with other people. All soldiers and police officers in the world need to have a mind of their own. And the only way to have a mind of your own is to keep educating yourself and continue to learn all the ways that humans can communicate with each other and communicate with themselves. Humans have many tools to communicate with. Weapons are not a tool of communication, weapons are tools of destruction formed from ignorance. So don't let other people choose your tools of communication for you, unless those tools helps you to communicate and doesn't destroy your ability to communicate.


Terrorism


Terrorism Deaths in 15 Years Terrorism is the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence or terror in order to achieve a political, religious, or ideological aim.

State-Sponsored Terrorism is government support of violent non-state actors engaged in terrorism. State Sponsors of Terrorism is a designation applied by the United States Department of State to countries which the Department alleges to have "repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism". Inclusion on the list imposes strict unilateral sanctions. Takes one to know one.

False Flag - Kidnapping - Brutality - Torture

Terror is an overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety. A person who threatens fear or dread.

Domestic Terrorism is a form of terrorism in which victims within a country are targeted by a perpetrator with the same citizenship as the victims. Domestic terrorism is premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience. Voting for trump in 2020 is a form of domestic terrorism and a negligent act. Ignorance of reality is no excuse. Being an accessory to the crimes committed by republican politicians makes republican voters guilty of the crimes against Americans and guilty of crimes against people around the world. Your ignorance is a threat. Ignorance is a threat to National Security. Ignorance is a threat to World Peace. Ignorance is a threat to life itself. Ignorance is a Public Health Crisis.

Seditious Conspiracy is a conspiracy to commit sedition. It is a federal crime in the United States per 18 U.S.C. § 2384: If two or more persons in any State or Territory, or in any place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, conspire to overthrow, put down, or to destroy by force the Government of the United States, or to levy war against them, or to oppose by force the authority thereof, or by force to prevent, hinder, or delay the execution of any law of the United States, or by force to seize, take, or possess any property of the United States contrary to the authority thereof, they shall each be fined or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both. For a seditious conspiracy charge to be effected, a crime need only be planned, it need not be actually attempted. According to Andres Torres and Jose E. Velazquez, the accusation of seditious conspiracy is of political nature and was used almost exclusively against Puerto Rican independentistas in the twentieth century. However, the act was also used in the twentieth century against communists (United Freedom Front), neo-Nazis, and terrorists such as the Provisional IRA in Massachusetts and Omar Abdel-Rahman. Seditious Conspiracy - 18 U.S. Code § 2384.

Anti-Riot Act makes it a felony to "travel in interstate commerce...with the intent to incite, promote, encourage, participate in and carry on a riot." That provision has been criticized for "equating organized political protest with organized violence." Riots - 18 U.S. Code § 2101.

Providing Material Support to Terrorists - 18 U.S. Code § 2339A.

Rogue State is a term applied by some international theorists to states that they consider threatening to the world's peace. This means being seen to meet certain criteria, such as being ruled by authoritarian or totalitarian governments that severely restrict human rights, sponsoring terrorism and seeking to proliferate weapons of mass destruction.

"When beliefs are used as an excuse to commit a crime, then ignorance becomes our greatest enemy."

"The enemy within us is sometimes more dangerous then the enemy outside us."

Censorship - Media Manipulation

"Terrorism is a very ineffective way of solving problems, and it's also morally destructive. But a suicide bomber is still less destructive then a corrupt politician or a corrupt corporation who mass murders people and poisons the environment every single day. At least the suicide bomber kills themselves, unlike the corrupt politician or the corrupt corporation who continues to mass murder every single day and continues to poison the water, the air, the land, the food, as well as the minds of people. And when people ignore this corruption, they become accessories to murder and all the crimes being committed. "

National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (Global Terrorism Database).

Making Death threats using the death penalty is terrorism. War Crimes.

Terrorist Identities Datamart Environment is the U.S. government's central database on known or suspected international terrorists, and contains highly classified information provided by members of the Intelligence Community such as CIA, DIA, FBI, NSA, and many others. TSA (observation flaws).

Targeted Killing is defined as a form of assassination carried by governments against their perceived enemies. Analysts believe it to be a modern euphemism for the assassination (prominent premeditated killing) of an individual by a state organization or institution outside a judicial procedure or a battlefield.

Terrorist Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures is to identify individual patterns of behavior of a particular terrorist activity, or a particular terrorist organisation, and to examine and categorize more general tactics and weapons used by a particular terrorist activity, or a particular terrorist organisation.

Counter-Terrorism incorporates the practice, military tactics, techniques, and strategy that government, military, law enforcement, business, and intelligence agencies use to combat or prevent terrorism. Counter-terrorism strategy is a government's plan to use the instruments of national power to neutralize terrorists, their organizations, and their networks in order to render them incapable of using violence to instill fear and to coerce the government or its citizens to react in accordance with the terrorists’ goals. If terrorism is part of a broader insurgency, counter-terrorism may employ counter-insurgency measures. The United States Armed Forces use the term foreign internal defense for programs that support other countries in attempts to suppress insurgency, lawlessness, or subversion or to reduce the conditions under which these threats to security may develop. Extremism.

Preventive State is a type of sovereign state or policy enacted by a state in which people deemed potentially dangerous are apprehended, and have their freedom restricted, before being able to commit a crime. Insofar as it differs from passive attempts to prevent criminal behaviour (i.e., statutes that regulate behaviour), it has been referred to by Eric S. Janus as "radical prevention". Its opposite is the punitive state, or any punitive methods, under which criminals are punished after a criminal act has been committed. To the extent that punitive methods often involve incarceration, thereby preventing further crimes being committed by the individual, they can also be considered preventive; the penological theory justifying this is incapacitation. Michael L. Rich further defines as the "perfect preventive state" a situation in which targeted criminal conduct is made impossible by the mandates of government.

Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board

Asymmetric Warfare is war between belligerents whose relative military power differs significantly, or whose strategy or tactics differ significantly. This is typically a war between a standing, professional army and an insurgency or resistance movement.

Blow Back is unintended consequences of a covert operation that are suffered by the aggressor. To the civilians suffering the blowback of covert operations, the effect typically manifests itself as "random" acts of political violence without a discernible, direct cause; because the public—in whose name the intelligence agency acted—are unaware of the effected secret attacks that provoked revenge (counter-attack) against them.

Collateral Damage (negligence) - Expendable Externalities

Friendly Fire is a failed or misguided attack by a military force on friendly or neutral troops while attempting to attack the enemy. Examples include misidentifying the target as hostile, cross-fire while engaging an enemy, long range ranging errors or inaccuracy. Accidental fire not intended to attack the enemy, and deliberate firing on one's own troops for disciplinary reasons, is not called friendly fire, and neither is unintentional harm to civilians or structures, which is sometimes referred to as collateral damage. Training accidents and bloodless incidents also do not qualify as friendly fire in terms of casualty reporting.

Fragging is the deliberate killing or attempted killing by a soldier of a fellow soldier, usually a superior officer or non-commissioned officer or NCO.

Unintended Consequences are outcomes of a purposeful action that are not intended or foreseen.

Economic Warfare - Boycotts

War on terror has killed over 801,000 people and cost $6.4 trillion.

Bixby Letter (wiki) - Executive Mansion, Washington, Nov. 21, 1864. (a brief moment of morality). - Dear Madam, (Mrs. Bixby) - I have been shown in the files of the War Department a statement of the Adjutant General of Massachusetts that you are the mother of five sons who have died gloriously on the field of battle. I feel how weak and fruitless must be any word of mine which should attempt to beguile you from the grief of a loss so overwhelming. But I cannot refrain from tendering to you the consolation that may be found in the thanks of the Republic they died to save. I pray that our Heavenly Father may assuage the anguish of your bereavement, and leave you only the cherished memory of the loved and lost, and the solemn pride that must be yours to have laid so costly a sacrifice upon the altar of Freedom. (Yours, very sincerely and respectfully, A. Lincoln.)

The Crisis of Civilization (youtube)

Proxy War (a cowards way of fighting).

Grand Chessboard - Power Disease

Domino Theory is the ignorant belief that if one country in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect.

Cold War was instead of having one big war, scumbags in power decided to have a bunch of smaller wars and Covert Operations intended to weaken nations so that they can be easily exploited. Economic Hit-Men.

Monroe Doctrine stated that further efforts by European nations to take control of any independent state in North or South America would be viewed as "the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition toward the United States. which was a sad attempt to find any excuse to start a fight.

Civil Disobedience - the Right to Disagree

Does the National Defense Authorization Act really specify the budget and expenditures of The U.S. Department of Defense?

Bipartisan Reactionary War Policy - Worldview Warfare

The Art of War is an ancient Chinese military treatise dating from the 5th century BC.

Why does Power Corrupt?

We have Language Now, so there is no need to act like animals or to force people to fight like animals or to live like animals. Working together is the best option, and the best choice for everyone. War is the result of communication manipulation. Citizens never know the true details of why a war is happening, and people never know the real reasons why men must kill each other. The senseless death of people is not a solution to any problem. We should never forsake our gift of language or misuse all the technology that gives us the ability to communicate with almost every person on the planet. All life forms survive and flourish because they have mastered the ability to send and receive information. Humans also have this ability, but humans are the only species that uses information to kill it's own. We must insure that all humans have access to the most valuable knowledge and information that is available, without propaganda or the manipulation of information.

U.S. Military trained more desk pilots for drones then real pilots for planes. They also bought more U.A.V. Drones or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles then real jet fighting planes. Not necessarily bad if Drones are used for Good Purposes, but sadly citizens have no control or say over what the Military does in the name of Peace and Human Betterment.

Attack of the Drones (youtube)

That Robo Cop Scene is a great example why believing that you are above the law will always have negative consequences.

Thomas Drake, Former Senior Executive at the National Security Agency

Not Invisible - The Invisible War (2012) (video)

To all the victims of war, and not just the soldiers, but to every man, women and child who tragically lost their lives, all in the name of war. This Song is a Beautiful Tribute that say's "Goodbye my to all who have died before us, we will see you soon enough. But before our eyes meet, we will do everything in our power to honor the lives that we have lost by doing everything that we can to honor the lives that we have left." One cannot preserve life unless one is willing to give their own life. Our pride does not come from our willingness to fight, our pride comes from our willingness not be be fooled into a fight, especially knowing that we have better ways to communicate and better alternatives to work out our problems. Hurting each other or Killing each other will never solve our problems.


Instability Paradox - Deterrence Theory - Invasions


Stability - Instability Paradox states that when two countries each have nuclear weapons, the probability of a direct war between them greatly decreases, but the probability of minor or indirect conflicts between them increases.

Weapons Effect - Paranoid - Anger

Gun ownership does not make you safer. Gun ownership is associated with a higher risk of homicide, suicide, and accidental shootings.

Plan Totality envisioned a nuclear attack on the Soviet Union with 20 to 30 atomic bombs. It earmarked 20 Soviet cities for obliteration in a first strike.

Two-Man Rule is a control mechanism designed to achieve a high level of security for especially critical material or operations. Under this rule all access and actions requires the presence of two authorized people at all times. Human Error.

How one Russian man avoided World War 3 - Vasili Arkhipov (wiki)

Deterrence Theory is a strategy intended to dissuade an adversary from taking an action not yet started, or to prevent them from doing something that another state desires. 

When a strong defense actually increases the chance of war, it means that rulers were planning to go to war all along. Convincing citizens that they need a strong defense is a racket and a ponzi scam.

Massive Retaliation is a military doctrine and nuclear strategy in which a state commits itself to retaliate in much greater force in the event of an attack.

Blowback - Scorched  Earth - Over Reacting

Brinkmanship is the practice of trying to achieve an advantageous outcome by pushing dangerous events to the brink of active conflict.

Global Nuclear War - Extinction Event - Doomsday Devices

Preventive War is a war initiated to prevent another party from acquiring a capability for attacking. The power being attacked has either a latent threat capability or has shown through its posturing that it intends to follow suit with a future attack. Preventive war aims to forestall a shift in the balance of power by strategically attacking before the balance of power has a chance to shift in the direction of the adversary. Preventive war is distinct from preemptive war, which is first strike when an attack is imminent. Preventive war undertaken without the approval of the United Nations is illegal under the modern framework of international law, though Robert Delahunty and John Yoo from the George W. Bush administration maintained in their discussion of the Bush Doctrine that these standards are unrealistic.

Pre-emptive is serving or intended to preempt or forestall something, especially to prevent attack by disabling the enemy. Taken as a measure against something possible, anticipated, or feared; preventive; deterrent: A preemptive tactic against a ruthless business rival. Pre-emptive can also mean an opening bid that intended to be so high or low that it prevents or interferes with effective bidding by the opponents.

Preemptive War is a war that is commenced in an attempt to repel or defeat a perceived imminent offensive or invasion, or to gain a strategic advantage in an impending war shortly before that attack materializes. Preemptive strike refers to a surprise attack launched with the stated intention of countering an anticipated or an allegedly unavoidable enemy offensive. It is a war that preemptively 'Breaks the Peace'. The term 'preemptive war' is sometimes confused with the term 'preventive war'. The difference is that a preventive war is launched to destroy the potential threat of the targeted party, when an attack by that party is not imminent or known to be planned. A preemptive war is launched in anticipation of immediate aggression by another party. Most contemporary scholarship equates preventive war with aggression, and therefore argues that it is illegitimate. The waging of a preemptive war has less stigma attached than does the waging of a preventive war. The initiation of armed conflict: that is being the first to 'break the peace' when no 'armed attack' has yet occurred, is not permitted by the UN Charter, unless authorized by the UN Security Council as an enforcement action. Some authors have claimed that when a presumed adversary first appears to be beginning confirmable preparations for a possible future attack, but has not yet actually attacked, that the attack has in fact 'already begun', however this opinion has not been upheld by the UN.

Peace - Treaties

War of Aggression is a military conflict waged without the justification of self-defense, usually for territorial gain and subjugation.

Crime of Aggression is a specific type of crime where a person plans, initiates, or executes an act of aggression using state military force that violates the Charter of the United Nations. The act is judged as a violation based on its character, gravity, and scale. Acts of aggression include invasion, military occupation, annexation by the use of force, bombardment, and military blockade of ports. The crime of aggression is a crime under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. The definitions and the conditions for the exercise of jurisdiction over this crime were adopted.

Crime Against Peace is planning, preparation, initiation, or waging of wars of aggression, or a war in violation of international treaties, agreements or assurances, or participation in a common plan or conspiracy for the accomplishment of any of the foregoing.

Command Responsibility is the legal doctrine of hierarchical accountability for war crimes.

Hobbesian Trap is a theory that explains why preemptive strikes occur between two groups, out of bilateral fear of eminent attack. Without outside influences this situation will lead to a fear spiral (Catch-22) in which Fear will lead to an arms race which in turn will lead to increasing fear. The Hobbesian trap can be explained in terms of game theory. Although cooperation would be the better outcome for both sides, mutual distrust leads to the adoption of strategies that have negative outcomes for individual players and all players combined. The theory has been used to explain outbreaks of conflicts and violence, spanning from individuals to states.

Fog of War used to define uncertainty mechanics in war-games.

Military Science is the study of military processes, institutions, and behavior, along with the study of warfare, and the theory and application of organized coercive force. It is mainly focused on theory, method, and practice of producing military capability in a manner consistent with national defense policy. Military science serves to identify the strategic, political, economic, psychological, social, operational, technological, and tactical elements necessary to sustain relative advantage of military force; and to increase the likelihood and favorable outcomes of victory in peace or during a war. Military scientists include theorists, researchers, experimental scientists, applied scientists, designers, engineers, test technicians, and other military personnel. Military personnel obtain weapons, equipment, and training to achieve specific strategic goals. Military science is also used to establish enemy capability as part of technical intelligence. In military history, military science had been used during the period of Industrial Revolution as a general term to refer to all matters of military theory and technology application as a single academic discipline, including that of the deployment and employment of troops in peacetime or in battle. In military education, military science is often the name of the department in the education institution that administers officer candidate education. However, this education usually focuses on the officer leadership training and basic information about employment of military theories, concepts, methods and systems, and graduates are not military scientists on completion of studies, but rather junior military officers. Technical Intelligence is intelligence about weapons and equipment used by the armed forces of foreign nations. Intelligence Breifing.

Military Exercise or War Game is the employment of military resources in training for military operations, either exploring the effects of warfare or testing strategies without actual combat. This also serves the purpose of ensuring the combat readiness of garrisoned or deployable forces prior to deployment from home base / home station. War games involving two or more countries allows for better training of military, observations of enemy's tactics, and shows the strength of each country. Exercises in the 20th and 21st centuries have often been identified by a unique codename in the same manner as military contingency operations and combat operations.

Live Fire Exercise is any military exercise in which a realistic scenario for the use of specific equipment is demonstrated. In the popular lexicon this is applied primarily to tests of weapons or weapon systems that are associated with the various branches of a nation's armed forces, although the term can be applied to the civilian arena as well. Real World?

False Flag Attacks - Real World or just an Exercise? Diversionary Tactics (wiki).

Military Operation is the coordinated military actions of a state, or a non-state actor, in response to a developing situation. These actions are designed as a military plan to resolve the situation in the state's favor. Operations may be of a combat or non-combat nature and are referred to by a code name for the purpose of national security. Military operations are often known for their more generally accepted common usage names than their actual operational objectives.

Global Guardian is an annual training exercise sponsored by the United States Strategic Command in conjunction with Air Force Space Command and NORAD. Its main purpose is to test the military's command and control procedures in the event of nuclear warfare. Global Guardian is performed in conjunction with "Vigilant Guardian", the annual training exercise conducted by NORAD in which a threat to North American airspace is simulated. The simulated scenario is varied from year to year.

Military Strategy is a set of ideas implemented by military organizations to pursue desired strategic goals.

Military Operation Plan is a formal plan for military armed forces, their military organizations and units to conduct operations, as drawn up by commanders within the combat operations process in achieving objectives before or during a conflict. Military plans are generally produced in accordance with the military doctrine of the troops involved.

Strategic Goal in the military is used in strategic military operation plans to define the desired end-state of a war or a campaign. Usually it entails either a strategic change in an enemy's military posture, intentions or ongoing operations, or achieving a strategic victory over the enemy that ends the conflict, although the goal can be set in terms of diplomatic or economic conditions, defined by purely territorial gains, or the evidence that the enemy's will to fight has been broken. Sometimes the strategic goal can be to limit the scope of the conflict.

Maneuver Warfare is a military strategy that advocates attempting to defeat the enemy by incapacitating their decision-making through shock and disruption.

Flanking Maneuver is a movement of an armed force around a flank to achieve an advantageous position over an enemy. Flanking is useful because a force's offensive power is concentrated in its front. Therefore, to circumvent a force's front and attack a flank is to concentrate offense in the area when the enemy is least able to concentrate offense. Flanking can also occur at the operational and strategic levels of warfare.

Pincer Movement is a military maneuver in which forces simultaneously attack both flanks (sides) of an enemy formation.

Offensive is a military operation that seeks through aggressive projection of armed force to occupy territory, gain an objective or achieve some larger strategic, operational or tactical goal. Another term for an offensive often used by the media is 'invasion', or the more general 'attack'.

Invasion is a military offensive in which large parts of combatants of one geopolitical entity aggressively enter territory controlled by another such entity, generally with the objective of either conquering, liberating or re-establishing control or authority over a territory, forcing the partition of a country, altering the established government or gaining concessions from said government, or a combination thereof. An invasion can be the cause of a war, be a part of a larger strategy to end a war, or it can constitute an entire war in itself. Due to the large scale of the operations associated with invasions, they are usually strategic in planning and execution.

Invade is to march aggressively into another's territory by military force for the purposes of conquest and occupation. To intrude upon, infringe, encroach on, violate. Penetrate or assault, in a harmful or injurious way.

Infest is to invade in great numbers. Occupy in large numbers or live on a host. Live on or in a host, as of parasites.

Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.

Declaration of War is a formal act by which one state goes to war against another. The declaration is a performative speech act (or the signing of a document) by an authorized party of a national government, in order to create a state of war between two or more states.

"Our country is now geared to an arms economy bred in an artificially induced psychosis of war hysteria and an incessant propaganda of fear"....

"Our swollen budgets constantly have been misrepresented to the public. Our government has kept us in a perpetual state of fear — kept us in a continuous stampede of patriotic fervor — with the cry of grave national emergency. Always there has been some terrible evil at home or some monstrous foreign power that was going to gobble us up if we did not blindly rally behind it by furnishing the exorbitant funds demanded. Yet, in retrospect, these disasters seem never to have happened, seem never to have been quite real."  (Douglas MacArthur).


Peaceful - Treaties - Countries without Armies


League of Nations was an intergovernmental organization founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War. It was the first international organization whose principal mission was to maintain world peace.

Treaty of Versailles was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

There are currently 23 Countries in the world that don't have an army, and they seem to get by just fine. No Draft.

Peace - Para Bellum - Treaties - Peaceful Protest

Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War. The principles were outlined in a January 8, 1918 speech on war aims and peace terms to the United States Congress by President Woodrow Wilson.
I. Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view.
II. Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial waters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part by international action for the enforcement of international covenants.
III. The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance.
IV. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety.
V. A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable government whose title is to be determined.

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute is an international institute based in Sweden, dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. Established in 1966, SIPRI provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public. SIPRI is based in Stockholm.

Peace Treaty is an agreement between two or more hostile parties, usually countries or governments, which formally ends a state of war between the parties. It is different from an armistice, which is an agreement to stop hostilities, or a surrender, in which an army agrees to give up arms, or a ceasefire or truce in which the parties may agree to temporarily or permanently stop fighting. Treaties - Prevention.

Perpetual Peace refers to a state of affairs where peace is permanently established over a certain area.

Arms Trade Treaty is a multilateral treaty that regulates the international trade in conventional weapons. It entered into force on 24 December 2014. Ninety-one states have ratified the treaty, and a further 42 states have signed but not ratified it. The ATT is an attempt to regulate the international trade of conventional weapons for the purpose of contributing to international and regional peace; reducing human suffering; and promoting co-operation, transparency, and responsible action by and among states. The treaty was negotiated in New York City at a global conference under the auspices of the United Nations (UN) from 2–27 July 2012. As it was not possible to reach an agreement on a final text at that time, a new meeting for the conference was scheduled for 18–28 March 2013. On 2 April 2013, the UN General Assembly adopted the ATT. International weapons commerce has been estimated to reach $70 billion dollars a year.

Countries that Britain has not invaded world map

Mutual Assured Destruction is a doctrine of military strategy and national security policy in which a full-scale use of nuclear weapons by two or more opposing sides would cause the complete annihilation of both the attacker and the defender (see pre-emptive nuclear strike and second strike). It is based on the theory of deterrence, which holds that the threat of using strong weapons against the enemy prevents the enemy's use of those same weapons. The strategy is a form of Nash equilibrium in which, once armed, neither side has any incentive to initiate a conflict or to disarm.

"War needs instigators, and followers. But leaders my not be the only instigators, because leaders themselves my be followers of the true instigators."

Reparations in transitional justice is compensation given for an abuse or injury.

War Reparations are payments made after a war by the vanquished to the victors.

"For now we must hold on to our weapons, but our weapons should only be use as equalizers to deter violence, weapons are not to be used. to use violence is to lose your mind, if you asked some one if they would like to lose their mind, people would say no, because people like their mind, but if you asked that person if they would use violence against another person, you would have some people saying yes, even though losing your mind and using violence are the same thing. Animals have an instinct to fight, but Humans don't have an instinct to fight, humans have an instinct to think, and when humans don't think, that is when the fighting begins. fighting is also a learned behavior, a behavior we can do without, for it serves no purpose other then inflicting suffering and death. Living in peace has nothing to do with wars or fighting, peace is all about living. So lets live."

Luke 11:17 "Any kingdom divided against itself will be ruined, and a house divided against itself will fall." 
"Then he taught them by saying, "Scripture says, 'My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations,' but you have turned it into a gathering place for thieves."
Proverbs 11:17 "A man who is kind benefits himself, but a cruel man hurts himself"
Mark 11:17 - November 17 (wiki).

"If you can secure a region using education, by giving everyone access to the most valuable information and knowledge, so that every citizen is fully informed of their situation, so they know what choices and options they have, then there would be no wars. Everyone will always choose the path of least resistance."

"It's hard to get anything done when people are constantly trying to kill you."

When inspiration turns into action of the most monumental kind. 

What really Influences action? What Influences Passion? What Inspires? What does it take to Motivate, Aspire and Empower people to care and to take Action? Knowing a lot is good, but knowing how to take Action is better. There's a big difference between knowing and doing. What good is having Knowledge if it doesn't lead you to take Action? What good is Action if that particular Action takes you in the wrong direction? 

"Ignorance has prevailed so long only because people do not want to find out the truth."

Simply improving our System of Government would not give us all the changes we need, so what's next?

Paradise or Oblivion (youtube)

The Trouble with the Truth (hulu video)

Who will write the Manifesto?

Inspiration plus Liberation minus Manipulation and Speculation = Motivation "

Star Trek - A Peculiar Variety of Diplomacy (youtube)

A Taste of Armageddon is a first-season episode of the original American science fiction television series, Star Trek. It was first broadcast on February 23, 1967, and repeated July 20, 1967.



Citizens - Civilians - Indigenous


Citizen is a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community. Immigration Info.

Civilian is a person not in the armed services or the police force. Civic Duty - Civic Character.

Native is a person born in a particular place or country. An indigenous person who was born in a particular place. Characteristic of or existing by virtue of geographic origin. Characteristic of or relating to people inhabiting a region from the beginning.

Indigenous is characteristic of or relating to people inhabiting a region from the beginning. Originating where it is found.

Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state. A person may have multiple citizenships and a person who does not have citizenship of any state is said to be stateless.

I hereby declare, on oath, that I absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty, of whom or which I have heretofore been a subject or citizen; that I will support and defend the Constitution and laws of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will bear arms on behalf of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform noncombatant service in the Armed Forces of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform work of national importance under civilian direction when required by the law; and that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; so help me God.

Active Citizenship is the philosophy that citizens should work towards the betterment of their community through economic participation, public, volunteer work, and other such efforts to improve life for all citizens. In this vein, citizenship education is taught in schools, as an academic subject in some countries. By the time children reach secondary education there is an emphasis on such unconventional subjects to be included in academic curriculum. While the diagram on citizenship to the right is rather facile and depth-less, it is simplified to explain the general model of citizenship that is taught to many secondary school pupils. The idea behind this model within education is to instill in young pupils that their actions (i.e. their vote) affect collective citizenship and thus in turn them.

Global Citizenship is the idea that all people have rights and civic responsibilities that come with being a member of the world, with whole-world philosophy and sensibilities, rather than as a citizen of a particular nation or place. The idea is that one’s identity transcends geography or political borders and that responsibilities or rights are derived from membership in a broader class: "humanity". This does not mean that such a person denounces or waives their nationality or other, more local identities, but such identities are given "second place" to their membership in a global community. Extended, the idea leads to questions about the state of global society in the age of globalization. In general usage, the term may have much the same meaning as "world citizen" or cosmopolitan, but it also has additional, specialized meanings in differing contexts. Various organizations, such as the World Service Authority, have advocated global citizenship. Global Citizen Festival.

World Citizen is a person who places global citizenship above any nationalistic or local identities and relationships.

Abjure is to formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief, usually under pressure.

Allegiance is the act of binding yourself (intellectually or emotionally) to a course of action. The loyalty that citizens owe to their country (or subjects to their sovereign). Civic Intelligence.

Fidelity is the quality of being faithful, Any loyal and steadfast following.

Loyal is unwavering in devotion to friend, vow or cause. Inspired by love for your country.

Global Governance

Civics Questions that people need to know in order to become a U.S. Citizen. Some are disturbing.

1) What is the Supreme Law of the Land? The Constitution, yet our own politicians disobey it and disrespect it.
12) What is the Rule of Law? Everyone must Follow the Law, yet our own politicians disobey laws and disrespect our laws.
14) What stops one Branch of Government from becoming too Powerful? Checks and Balances and Separation of Powers, yet we see no such thing happening. Misleading.
51) What are the two Rights of everyone living in the United States? Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Assembly,
Freedom of Expression, Freedom to Petition the Government. Yet these Rights are being threatened and even ignored.
53) What is one Promise you make when you become a United States Citizen? Defend the The Constitution and the laws of the United States. I guess this means that our politicians are not U.S. Citizens.
55) What are two ways that Americans can participate in their Democracy? None of the answers that they provide even come close to participating in a Democracy or even make a difference, I guess that's why they mislead and misinform you, so is to give you the illusion that you are actually participating in a Democracy or that you even have a real Democracy.
61)Why did the Colonists fight the British? The same reason why people are protesting now. Because of high taxes, Because homes being taken (foreclosures), Because people did not have self-government. The Declaration of Independence.
11) What is the Economic System in the United States? Capitalist Economy and market economy. Two failures that have undermined our country and created more poor people then any other time in our nations history.
86) What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States? There is really no simple answer, other then a Psychological OperationUSA Patriot Act - Constitution.

Some of the civics questions are a little disturbing, almost like you're joining a Gang. So the Naturalization Oath Ceremony kind of feels more like an Initiation. Not to say that all gangs are bad, it's just some of their actions are bad. But America is not a gang; America is a beautiful country that's made up of all kinds of people from all over the world. America is more like a big Family, a family that is not always as close as it should be, but we're getting there. One of the things we learned is that we need each other. So this family will never ask you to kill, or do something against your will. That's only our government, and our government acts more like gang members, when they should be acting more like Responsible Citizens, as most Americans are. People want to belong to something they feel is important, people want to be apart of a family they can trust and respect, so America should not exploit this need, we should instead embrace this as an opportunity to begin a new friendship, a friendship of great importance. So just telling new citizens to Vote will not improve our country or will it ever fix our problems. So as an American you must do much more then just vote. You must educate yourself about your government, your community and yourself, because they will not teach you those things in school, because our education system is broken and dysfunctional, but many people are aware of this, so our education problem will soon be improved. But till then, You must be active in your own education, and understand that citizens are they only true source of change. All we ask of you is to please help us to improve our world, and to be a positive influence and obey the laws. And if you find a law to be unjust, please help us repeal these unjust laws so that no one becomes victimized or abused. Welcome to America, welcome to the family of all families, welcome to the future.

If higher education is to become a civic learning organization it will mean giving conscious attention to the public and productive qualities of the creation and diffusion of knowledge. Putting the "public" back into public universities means Multiplying Public Spaces, where people with diverse views can wrestle with controversial issues. It means keeping knowledge creation public, open, and accessible - resisting trends toward the privatization and patenting of knowledge. 

Learning Society

The traditional argument that mass education was necessary for intelligent participation in political democracy and that it must extend beyond the common school was heard in discussions regarding high schools, libraries, and Chautauquas.

Education Quotes

Our Systems are Dysfunctional, Malfunctioning and Nonfunctional. Our Government System is Dysfunctional. Our Money System is Dysfunctional. Our Communications System is Dysfunctional. Our Legal System is Dysfunctional. and the worst of all, Our Education System is Dysfunctional. These Dysfunctions are Killing Us and Killing our Planet. We Need to Stop this Waste and Abuse. We have the Ability to Fix These Dysfunctions, and So We Shall. Cohesion is a must. Repercussions.

"It's kind of sad that we even have to protest, but when there's a defect in the system, you have to repair it."

So how would you teach Atlas Shrugged?  “If you don't know, the thing to do is not to get scared, but to learn.” Quotes.

One of those problems you have to "Learn Your Way Out"

It's more then just Meme. People throughout history felt comfortable and even accepted people in power because they believed it was necessary. But we can clearly see from our past history and our present state that people in power make bad decisions, mostly because of corruption and ignorance. So having people in power is not sustainable and is clearly not working. We don't need leaders or followers, we need learners. Everyone has to understand their responsibilities and stop pretending that someone else understands their responsibilities for them. Millions are at risk and vulnerable because they are dependent on the system or government. If the system fails people will die and people will suffer, which has been clearly documented throughout human history. So people must be prepared and be educated about this reality. If your Government fails you still have the states, but If the states are dependent on the government then the States will fail. But you still have the communities and the towns, but if the towns and communities are dependent on the state then the towns and communities will fail and collapse into chaos. If the individual is dependent on the town and the community then the individual will die, extinction. People must have support systems and have a clear understanding of what to do in case of emergencies, whether it is a financial collapse or natural disaster. Everyone must know how to start over and have a clearly thought out plan for survival. Sadly this is already a reality for millions of humans everyday. And sadly this will continue to get worse if we don't improve the systems that we have in place. You must understand your Big 5 Needs. To reverse this dependency on corrupt and ignorant leaders and their financiers, first a person has to make themselves valuable to their community and their town by offering a needed service or skill. Then the community and the town will be dependent on the individuals. Then when the community becomes self-reliant and self-sustainable then they will be valuable to the State, which will make the states dependent on communities and towns instead of the other way around. Then when the states become self-reliant and self-sustainable then they will be valuable to the Government or Management System. Then the Government will be dependent on the states, the communities and the individuals, thus governments and people in power will not be able to manipulate or control people for their own selfish interests, they will only do what is needed by the people. "We the People".


Country Management - Sovereign State


Nation-Building is constructing or structuring a national identity using the power of the state. Nation-building aims at the unification of the people within the state so that it remains politically stable and viable in the long run. According to Harris Mylonas, "Legitimate authority in modern national states is connected to popular rule, to majorities. Nation-building is the process through which these majorities are constructed." Nation builders are those members of a state who take the initiative to develop the national community through government programs, including military conscription and national content mass schooling. Nation-building can involve the use of propaganda or major infrastructure development to foster social harmony and economic growth. According to Columbia University sociologist Andreas Wimmer, three factors tend to determine the success of nation-building over the long-run: "the early development of civil-society organisations, the rise of a state capable of providing public goods evenly across a territory, and the emergence of a shared medium of communication". Regime Change.

Sovereignty - Direct Democracy - Open Governance - Decentralized - Independent - Managing Styles

Polycentric Governance is a governance system in which multiple governing bodies interact to make and enforce rules within a specific policy arena or location, is considered to be one of the best ways to achieve collective action in the face of disturbance change. Departments - City Management.

Sovereign State in international law is a political entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area. International law defines sovereign states as having a permanent population, defined territory, one government and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states. It is also normally understood that a sovereign state is neither dependent on nor subjected to any other power or state. According to the declarative theory of statehood, a sovereign state can exist without being recognised by other sovereign states. Unrecognised states will often find it difficult to exercise full treaty-making powers or engage in diplomatic relations with other sovereign states.

State is a polity under a system of governance. There is no undisputed definition of a state. There is no academic consensus on the most appropriate definition of the state. Some states are sovereign states, while others are subject to external sovereignty or hegemony, wherein supreme authority lies in another state or country.

Polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organized by some form of institutionalized social relations, and have a capacity to mobilize resources. A polity can be any other group of people organized for governance (such as a corporate board), the government of a country, country subdivision, or a sovereign state.

Civilian Control of the Military is a doctrine in military and political science that places ultimate responsibility for a country's strategic decision-making in the hands of the civilian political leadership, rather than professional military officers.
Civilian control is often seen as a prerequisite feature of a stable liberal democracy. Use of the term in scholarly analyses tends to take place in the context of a democracy governed by elected officials, though the subordination of the military to political control is not unique to these societies. One example is the People's Republic of China. Mao Zedong stated that "Our principle is that the Party commands the gun, and the gun must never be allowed to command the Party," reflecting the primacy of the Communist Party of China (and communist parties in general) as decision-makers in Marxist–Leninist and Maoist theories of democratic centralism. The reverse situation, where professional military officers control national politics, is called a military dictatorship.

National Assembly is an assembly composed of the representatives of the nation.

Debate - Public Meetings - Board of Directors - Communication

Note: This is just a basic outline and does not list all the problems that need solving. I wrote this text below 5 years ago, so this needs to be rewritten and updated. (June, 30th, 2016).

First: Define the responsibilities of our management system. (Government Employees) 
Second: Confirm that the Responsibilities are being performed correctly and adequately. (Maintenance)
Third: Fix Flaws and Vulnerabilities Accordingly and Efficiently. (Replace Incompetent Employees)
Fourth: Change the Laws that allow Social Activities to be corrupted by Money.
Fifth: Release Patent Restrictions on Technologies that impede Social Progress. Copyrights - Proprietary Rights.
Sixth: Create a complete education system into Handheld Portable Software and Deliver it on Laptop PC's by anyone.
Seventh: Create Millions of Jobs that make a difference.
Eighth: Build Sustainable Transportation, sustainable buildings, sustainable energy and practice sustainable farming.
Ninth: Provide Health Care for all.
Tenth: Open the Channels of Communication for everyone by using all of our Technological Advantages.

Start with a Two Part Plan:
1: Starting at the top by fixing the laws that encourage corruption and protect criminals in power. Motion
2: Starting at the bottom by improving education so that it does not produce corrupt and dysfunctional individuals who become mindless criminals.
The world needs a Management System that has no political affiliation and uses the democratic process only as a guide.
This is Business 101: How to Manage a Country.  Management Tools
Management System will consist of Team Members with each team member capable of being a team leader and will also be considered Co-Leaders. Management System will consist of layers. All layers will be aware of what each layer is doing and what each layers responsibilities are. This Management System will be designed so that it is incorruptible and Fail-Safe. If you cut off it's head it will simply grow a new head. There will be no more Presidents, for managing a country is not a one-man job, never has been and never will be as proven by our history.
You hire the most qualified people that the world has to offer. You do this in a Public Forum on TV.
And in this public forum is where the public votes. If a person cannot perform their responsibilities, for whatever reason, then they will be replaced with the next qualified applicant.
Some of the same elements of this Management System can be used to manage personal lives so that this logic will trickle down and be understood by everyone.

Leadership is something that is not always understood. Always following leaves you vulnerable and unaware of all the facts. This is not to say that being a great follower is not important. You should at least know what it means to lead and know what it means to be a leader so that you understand the responsibilities and understand the dangers. You should also be aware of all the questions that need to be asked. Don't expect, it's better to be Prepared. Are people so dependent on the need to be lead? Are people afraid to Lead themselves?

We need to stop the corruption that is killing our species and poisoning the only planet in our Solar System. This may be a silent killer for some people but it is definitely horrifically real for 100’s of millions. This corruption is not right, this corruption is not good, and this corruption is not even logical. We have the abilities to correct these mistakes, and thus we shall.

"People have had the power all along. But the main reason why people are unaware of their power is because they don't have the necessary information and knowledge that is needed in order to understand that the power has always been there."

Individual Responsibility - Social Responsibility - Collective Responsibility - Diffusion of Responsibility

Sustainable - City Management - Investigative Dashboard - Alaveteli

Popcorn Webmaker - Citizens Connect - Regulatory Agency

We need more then just scientists, we need fully educated people. So education needs to improve first.

We need a detailed Plan that is clearly understood by all. 

World Monitoring System (beta) - Information Station

We will never have significant changes unless people Protest in large numbers. Revolution.

You have to march and show your numbers so that The Powers That Be understand the people’s commitment and seriousness. People have to know why they are protesting and that protesting is only one step in a multistep process we call "change" or "Improvements". You have to have your list of improvements that are known to be right and that everyone agrees and understands these needed changes. This will require a televised Public Hearing where we can have an Open Debate. We would use our best Scientists, Professors and Intellectuals. We would also use our best lawyers and judges to advise everyone so that everyone fully understands the law and the constitution. The Supreme Court and our Politicians would have a very limited role in these debates for their trust and competence has been considerably diminished. Our much needed changes will be signed into law that day or very soon afterwards. Our political leaders will publicly announce that these laws are just and thus these laws will be followed.

If political and corporate leaders cannot fulfill their duties and responsibilities they will then be replaced. No pensions, no buyouts or special treatment. You will be sent back to the end of the line where you will have to start over again and prove your worthiness to society like everyone else. The Supreme Court will no longer be 12, for 12 is to easy to corrupt and manipulate. I believe a Supreme Court of 120 judges and members will be more stable and reliable especially when all debates will be done in public, Live TV, radio, news papers and the Internet, which is the best choice because you can also read the documents and evidence and do your own research while listening to the debates, you can also watch in social groups.

Voting will be done by show of hands that will be videotaped. Each voter will also hand in a written ballot. This will totally eliminate voter fraud because it will be impossible to refute millions of witnesses. Yes you will have no privacy when voting. But when we are voting on things that affect all of us, we can no longer keep these particular issues private. You will see how others voted and most likely question your own validity as well as the validity of others. Conversations will no longer be in the dark. It’s time for us to become friends and become responsible for future generations and ourselves. You have to see the people you share the land with and put a face on your actions. All public services will be Audited and Monitored continually to insure Quality and Fairness. 

The Internet is our greatest tool - Human Promise Manifesto

Every level of government has to have at least 5 expert math people, people who provide the numbers behind the decisions or changes. Then the experts present their math online to be verified and checked by math experts around the world. Then if the math is ignored, people have to explain why.

"You don't need a Government, you need a Management System that operates under a strict set of rules that only has power that people allow them to have, it does not dictate, it only listens and gives feedback."

Dictate is to issue commands or orders. Rule as a dictator.

The Supreme Court should use an online forum where the big questions are asked to a worldwide community of people. People who can combine their efforts. That's millions of people with varying degrees of expertise working together to solve a problem. This would be a lot more accurate then having important decisions being made by a hand full of people who are easily manipulated and controlled. We have the technology but were not using it correctly or effectively. If your reason is not based on facts, then what is it based on?

Dwight D. Eisenhower Speech

"When I think about all the work that needs to be done in this world there's always this one thing I never have to worry about, and that is the lack of people, we are definitely not short on people. So the problem is clearly Incompetence and Corruption".

To vote is to take an oath. With this vote I promise to devote some of my time on making improvements in my community and in my government. Just voting and hoping that the politician will do the right thing is not as effective as taking the necessary steps to make sure that our politicians are doing that right thing.

"In order to improve and change things you need to build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete. Fighting the existing system is fine, but if you don't have anything that will replace the current system and make it obsolete, then fighting will only be temporally successful. You have to use people, time and resources effectively and wisely. After all, humans are the most valuable resource on the planet. Don't waste that potential, use it."

When things don't make sense, or when bad things happen, people get angry, especially knowing that better choices are available. When there are better choices, people should know about these choices and be able and be allowed to make these choices. People should not have other people making choices for them, especially bad choices. People should not have other people limit their choices either. GFYA

One World Order Revised. Instead of having some wealthy powerful individuals and their blind followers controlling and manipulating many aspects of the world, how about having all the wealth in the world shared fairly. No one person has a need for more money or more land then they need anyway, unless they can prove such a need as being absolutely necessary. If you can prove you earned your wealth and you are using it wisely, then there's no problem. The New World Bank will actually be a world bank of the people and for the people. So the one world order, or New World Order, will be a world management system run by 1 million employees and over seen by everyone else on the planet, that guarantees that money is distributed fairly and used effectively and efficiently. Money will also be traceable to show how and where the money was originally created and how it has been used in circulation. Leger. All countries will still have their own currency and their own government, the one world order will just be insurance and a safety net in case countries and people are in need. Goals.



Converge


All this fighting is stupid because it hurts everyone, and everything. Everyone is in this together. So we must do everything that's in our power to learn how to work together. Working together makes life better and it gives us more opportunities. Fighting makes life worse and it reduces our opportunities. I know that we can all agree in one thing, and that is, we have brains. So it's time that we prove to the world that we know how to use our brains, properly. We are not wild animals, anymore. We are intelligent human beings, and we have had the ability to be intelligent for thousands of years. We should act more intelligent, instead of acting more like we have lost our minds. We can do this, and we have already started. Now it's time for a great awakening, or in better words, it's that time that we started working together instead of fighting all the time. This is going to be one of our greatest moments in history, which will produce some of our great memories for millions upon millions of people to enjoy, now and in our future. Did you feel that? That was the feeling you get when every cell in your body is rejoicing, rejoicing in knowing that you have finally realized your potential, and have came into being. So now, the future looks bright, very bright. Now that's a slam-dunk, Bam!

The Five Stairsteps - Ooh Child (Things are Gonna Get Easier) (youtube)

"With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations." (Abraham Lincoln).

Brotherhood

"When we feel that our sacrifice is for the good of our fellow man, for the good of the people, and that it protects our family and our species, then giving our lives becomes more then just honorable, it's also logical and that the action can be proven and calculated to be the best choice that would ultimately preserve life."

Everyone should understand the benefits of camaraderie, as well as support and trust. Brotherhood makes you feel that you are not alone because you have people who care about you, which gives a person strength and purpose. It's a type of love that all humans should feel. So why can't we? Why do we have to wait for a life and death situation in order to show our commitment to each other. Why should a soldier only feel brotherhood and camaraderie while in military service. And why does this brotherhood and camaraderie fade when our soldiers come home. Soldiers should not only associate war with brotherhood. When soldiers come home so should the brotherhood.

If war has taught us only one thing of value, it's that when we work with mutual trust, and when we work together as a team, we are at our strongest. We should not wait for war for this human quality to appear, we should exercise this quality every day. If the military can train soldiers to understand brotherhood, then our education system can do the same.

Brotherhood and camaraderie is human nature. But depending on a persons upbringing and environment this human quality can be easily lost or muted. But brotherhood can be regained if a person is put into a unique situation or given the right kind of training with the right kind of people, like they have in the military..

Brotherhood or camaraderie should go beyond the circle of friends, it should not be contained or restrained, you have a responsibility towards your team members, but also, the team has a responsibility to the people you represent, your species.

Know who's got your back, and know who's got your front, but more importantly, know who you represent. It's easy to get recognition for the work that you do from the people you work with, but as soon as you leave work, the recognition is gone. And if you depend on that recognition, you will feel lost without it. That is one part of teaching people about brotherhood that we need to improve on.

The military knows how to protect a nation and knows how to provide service and support when needed. So the military needs to be a military. The military should not have their patriotism exploited by corrupted governments and their wealthy puppet masters. That's the reason for having 2 people with 2 keys in the silo. Two-Man Rule Two people working together avoids a chance of a lone wolf going on a sociopathic rage. The other person with the key is the citizens. But the scumbags in our government keep stealing our key. Meaning, we have no democracy. 

Two Man Rule

"We should focus the training of our soldiers more on how to save men, women and children, instead of just training our soldiers on how to kill men, women and children." Military.

We need to stop the separation between the people and the state, and the only way to close that gap or loop hole is fill the void with our most important information and knowledge, and make sure everyone is given access, and assistance in understanding it and using it correctly

War is not only found on a battle fields, war is anywhere there is conflict and violence. Though soldiers in the military have more exposure, police also have exposure, citizens caught in the cross fire have exposure and millions being displaced have exposure. Wars might not be everywhere, but the effects of war are everywhere.

The only difference between home and war is its location. A life a death struggle is not just unique to wars. More people are dying at home. We need to defend our home. And our best defense comes from knowledge and information, and we're not getting it. We have more ways to communicate information and knowledge then any other time in human history, and we waste and abuse most of our technologies. and to much of it is controlled and manipulated, and we are not getting the most valuable information and knowledge that's available. Instead we are bombarded with advertising and opinions, none of which has any real value to society.

When you hear a politician say that he's going to end a particular war, you have to ask, why just that one? And is that war doing the most killing and the most damage?

Everyone has blood on their hands, so let's not point fingers or blame people, let us move forward. The only way we are going to respect the dead and the dying is by letting them know that their lives matter, and that their lives will always matter till the end of time. That's our promise. Without us, who am I? What am I without you, I'm nothing, and vise versa. I'm you, you're me, and we are us. If you promise to stop killing, I promise to help you. Not Fair.

People don't need to be Ruled, people don't need to be forced to do things, people don't need to be forced to live in fear or forced to live with uncertainty. People need to be informed, people need the facts and the truth about what's happening around them, and in the world. People are very capable of managing themselves, for we have been doing this for thousands of years. It's just when a small number of people want to control things, that's when the problems start, that's when the suffering starts, that's when death and destruction happens, this is a historical fact as well as a fact of today. People need an open government, a government that all people can directly participate in. This way people will know that the responsibility of the world is in their hands, and not in someone else's hands, someone who might not care if you live or die. Communication must improve, if we all work together then we won't have to work so hard. Then everyone can enjoy life to the fullest. But we have to work together, it's time to talk, it's time to listen, it's time...it's time for us to live, it's time for us to live in peace, it's time for us live to our fullest potential, it's time for us to love, it's time for us. it's time.

Even though I'm an independent objective researcher, I still have to criticize ignorant behavior and speak out against injustices and corruption. I'm not afraid of losing funding from corrupt corporations, and I'm not afraid of losing support from people who make assumptions and pretend to know things, and I certainly don't blame people for their behavior or for their ignorance. You have to listen to everyone and hear other peoples points of view, because you have to keep learning and continue to find ways to understand why people think and act the way they do. I observe and I document, but I also have to interact and be an active participant in conversations. A lot of people will not bother with ignorant people or waste time trying to convince an ignorant person why they are wrong. I can't do that or can I just walk away from problems. I have to find ways to understand people because everyone has value. If someone does not know any better, it's my responsibility to understand why people don't know any better and find ways to help them understand them and do it without judging them. Teachers don't walk away from students who have difficulties learning and or have problems understanding something. So most teachers will put in the extra effort and time because they know that every person has value. When you are an educator and a knowledge and information provider, you have a responsibility to listen and learn from people, and not just teach or preach to people.



Previous Subject Up Top Page Next Subject



The Thinker Man