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Trauma


Trauma is an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects. Exposure to Violence and other Traumatic Events. Any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc..

Fear - Stress

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"What doesn't kill you doesn't necessarily make you stronger"

Psychological Trauma is a type of damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event. Trauma is often the result of an overwhelming amount of stress that exceeds one's ability to cope, or integrate the emotions involved with that experience. A traumatic event involves one's experience, or repeating events of being overwhelmed that can be precipitated in weeks, years, or even decades as the person struggles to cope with the immediate circumstances, eventually leading to serious, long-term negative consequences. However, the definition of trauma differs among individuals by their subjective experiences. People will react to similar events differently. In other words, not all people who experience a potentially traumatic event will actually become psychologically traumatized. This discrepancy in risk rate can be attributed to protective factors some individuals may have that enable them to cope with trauma. Some examples are mild exposure to stress early in life, resilience characteristics, and active seeking of help.

Trauma Side Effects

Suffering is the experience of unpleasantness and aversion associated with the perception of harm or threat of harm in an individual. Suffering is the basic element that makes up the negative valence of affective phenomena. The opposite of suffering is pleasure, or happiness. Suffering is often categorized as physical or mental. It may come in all degrees of intensity, from mild to intolerable. Factors of duration and frequency of occurrence usually compound that of intensity. Attitudes toward suffering may vary widely, in the sufferer or other people, according to how much it is regarded as avoidable or unavoidable, useful or useless, deserved or undeserved. Suffering occurs in the lives of sentient beings in numerous manners, and often dramatically. As a result, many fields of human activity are concerned with some aspects of suffering. These aspects may include the nature of suffering, its processes, its origin and causes, its meaning and significance, its related personal, social, and cultural behaviors, its remedies, management, and uses.

Crisis Intervention is emergency psychological care aimed at assisting individuals in a crisis situation to restore equilibrium to their biopsychosocial functioning and to minimize the potential for psychological trauma. Crisis can be defined as one’s perception or experiencing of an event or situation as an intolerable difficulty that exceeds the person’s current resources and coping mechanisms.

Trauma-Informed Approach and Trauma-Specific Interventions

Trauma Informed Care Project is a framework that involves understanding, recognizing, and responding to the effects of all types of trauma. Trauma Informed Care also emphasizes physical, psychological and emotional safety for both consumers and
providers, and helps survivors rebuild a sense of control and empowerment.

Need for Trauma-Informed Care
Trauma Informed Classrooms (PDF)

Early Childhood Consultation Partnership

Stress on the young can cause lifelong vulnerabilities causing alterations in a specific brain reward region for transcriptional programming, which increased the risk for depression and other psychiatric syndromes. Developmental transcription factor orthodenticle homeobox 2 (Otx2) was suppressed. While Otx2 levels ultimately recovered by adulthood, the suppression had already set in motion gene alterations that lasted into adulthood, indicating that early life stress disrupts age-specific developmental programming orchestrated by Otx2. Gene alterations refer to changes in the normal DNA sequence of a particular gene. Genes provide the instructions to make proteins, such as tyrosine kinases, that signal and control how cells in the body function.

Pet Therapy

Controlling Lucid Dreams (reduce bad dreams)

Drama Therapy is the use of theatre techniques to facilitate personal growth and promote mental health. Dramatherapy is used in a wide variety of settings, including hospitals, schools, mental health centers, prisons, and businesses. Drama therapy, as a form of 'expressive therapy' (also known as creative arts therapies'), exists in many forms and can be applicable to individuals, couples, families, and various groups.
What is Drama Therapy

Group Dynamic Game is an experiential education exercise that helps people to learn about themselves, interpersonal relationships, and how groups function from a group dynamics or social psychological point of view. Group dynamics can be understood as complex from an interpersonal relationships point of view because it involves: relationships between two people, relationships between a person and a group and relationships between groups. Group-dynamic games are usually designed for the specific purpose of furthering personal development, character building, and teamwork via a group-dynamic milieu. The group leader may sometimes also be the game leader, or between peers, the leadership and game-rules can change. Some games require large spaces, special objects and tools, quietness or many before-game and after-game needs. When aged, frail or disabled people ("special needs") are involved, existing games may need modification to be used. The use of group dynamic activities has a history of application in conflict resolution, anger management and team building and many other areas such as drug rehabilitation and drama therapy.

Theatre Games is a method of training commonly used as warm-up exercises for actors before a rehearsal or performance, in the development of improvisational theatre, and as a lateral means to rehearse dramatic material. They are also used in drama therapy to overcome anxiety by simulating scenarios that would be fear-inducing in real life.

Emergency Mobile Psychiatric Services (EMPS)
Connecticut Health I-Team  211
Crime Reporting
Victims of Crimes

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - PTSD

Behavior
Addictions
Brain Plasticity
Controls
Sleeping

Traumatic Memories is intense psychological stress caused by unwanted, troublesome memories can cause brain structures such as the amygdala, hippocampus and frontal cortex to become activated, as they process the memory.

Memory and Trauma is described by psychology as the ability of an organism to store, retain, and subsequently retrieve information. When an individual experiences a traumatic event, whether physically or psychologically traumatic, his or her memory can be affected in many ways. For example, trauma might affect his or her memory for that event, memory of previous or subsequent events, or thoughts in general.

Emotion and Memory can have a powerful effect on humans and animals. Numerous studies have shown that the most vivid autobiographical memories tend to be of emotional events, which are likely to be recalled more often and with more clarity and detail than neutral events.

Memory Failures

Manipulation of Specific Neurons Helps to Erase Bad Memories, Enhance Good Ones  -  Programming

Study Expands Understanding of How the Brain Encodes Fear Memory. UC Riverside study could lead to novel therapeutics aimed at reducing pathological fear in PTSD. To survive in a dynamic environment, animals develop adaptive fear responses to dangerous situations, requiring coordinated neural activity in the hippocampus, medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), and amygdala -- three brain areas connected to one another. A disruption of this process leads to maladaptive generalized fear in PTSD, which affects 7 percent of the U.S. population. As much as 17 percent of hippocampal neurons that projected to the amygdala or the mPFC were, in fact, double-projecting neurons. The acquisition (encoding) and retrieval of contextual fear memory requires coordinated neural activity in the hippocampus, amygdala and mPFC. The hippocampus encodes context cues, the amygdala stores associations between a context and an aversive event, and the mPFC signals whether a defensive response is appropriate in the present context. Context is broadly defined as the set of circumstances around an event. study suggests that double-projecting hippocampal neurons can facilitate synchronized neural activity in the mPFC and amygdala that is implicated in learned fear. Multiple projections from single neurons appear to be a general feature of the neural circuits in the brain and could promote synchronized neural activity and long-term changes in the efficiency of neural communication.

Isolation (psychology) is characterized as a mental process involving the creation of a gap between an unpleasant or threatening cognition, and other thoughts and feelings. By minimizing associative connections with other thoughts, the threatening cognition is remembered less often and is less likely to affect self-esteem or the self concept.

Trigger Warnings is alerting the reader or viewer to the fact that the content being presented contains potentially distressing material or difficult material that is marred with sexual or violent material, or racially, politically, or religiously charged topics.

Trauma Trigger is an experience that causes someone to recall a previous traumatic memory, although the trigger itself need not be frightening or traumatic and can be indirectly or superficially reminiscent of an earlier traumatic incident. Trauma triggers are related to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a condition in which people often cannot control the recurrence of emotional or physical symptoms, or of repressed memory. Triggers can be subtle and difficult to anticipate, and can sometimes exacerbate PTSD. A trauma trigger may also be referred to as a trauma stimulus or a trauma stressor, which is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism.

Crisis Mode
is the thing that shifts our brain from higher functions and long term planning to immediate threat response.

If you need to warn people about words that are perceived to be offensive, then you better include that in your message.
Do TV shows, Movies, Books, Magazines, News Papers and Music give Trigger Warnings? They should. Just Like when we alarm people about Drug Warnings and Side Effects. Consumers have a right to know what kind of sh*t they're being fed, whether it's physical or non-physical.

Motivated Forgetting is a theorized psychological behavior in which people may forget unwanted memories, either consciously or unconsciously. It is not a defense mechanism, since these are unconscious coping techniques used to reduce anxiety arising from unacceptable or potentially harmful impulses. Defense mechanisms are not to be confused with conscious coping strategies.

Defense Mechanism is an unconscious psychological mechanism that reduces anxiety arising from unacceptable or potentially
harmful stimuli.

Thought Suppression is when an individual consciously attempts to stop thinking about a particular thought.

Counterconditioning is a form of respondent conditioning that involves the conditioning of an unwanted behavior or response to a stimulus into a wanted behavior or response by the association of positive actions with the stimulus.

Coping means to invest own conscious effort, to solve personal and interpersonal problems, in order to try to master, minimize or tolerate stress and conflict.

Psychological Resilience is defined as an individual's ability to successfully adapt to life tasks in the face of social disadvantage or highly adverse conditions. Adversity and stress can come in the shape of family or relationship problems, health problems, or workplace and financial worries, among others. Resilience is one's ability to bounce back from a negative experience with "competent functioning". Resilience is not a rare ability; in reality, it is found in the average individual and it can be learned and developed by virtually anyone. Resilience should be considered a process, rather than a trait to be had. It is a process of individuation through a structured system with gradual discovery of personal and unique abilities.

Posttraumatic Growth refers to positive psychological change experienced as a result of adversity and other challenges in order to rise to a higher level of functioning. These sets of circumstances represent significant challenges to the adaptive resources of the individual, and pose significant challenges to individuals' way of understanding the world and their place in it. Posttraumatic growth is not about returning to the same life as it was previously experienced before a period of traumatic suffering; but rather it is about undergoing significant 'life-changing' psychological shifts in thinking and relating to the world, that contribute to a personal process of change, that is deeply meaningful.

Amygdala primary role is the processing of memory, decision-making, and emotional reactions.
Neurotransmitter (neurons)


Exposure Therapy is a technique in behavior therapy used to treat anxiety disorders. It involves the exposure of the patient to the feared object or context without any danger, in order to overcome their anxiety and/or distress. Procedurally it is similar to the fear extinction paradigm in rodent work. Numerous studies have demonstrated its effectiveness in the treatment of disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, PTSD, and specific phobias.

Desensitization Psychology is defined as the diminished emotional responsiveness to a negative or aversive stimulus after repeated exposure to it. It also occurs when an emotional response is repeatedly evoked in situations in which the action tendency that is associated with the emotion proves irrelevant or unnecessary. Desensitization is a process primarily used to assist individuals unlearn phobias and anxieties.

Calm Your Fear Reactions
Experience Learning
1 Hour Break Everyday Stress Anxiety Relief Spray

Cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder: a review

Separating your emotions from your memories or thoughts

Stress

No Pain No Gain is more about exercise, then it is about Post-Traumatic Growth. No pain no gain, no brain no sane.

Trials and Tribulations are when experiences test our patience or endurance.

Not to say that Suffering is necessary for Learning, It’s just that so far humans do not know enough about how much suffering, Tragedy, struggle, Abuse, Torment and Trauma, and to what degree, is actually needed for learning. This is because everyone reacts to suffering a little differently. Some may become traumatized, some may become more cautious, some may become more aggressive and some may even inflict on others what they have experienced. Cautious people may become more aware of the danger while the aggressive people become more aware of their limits in reference to their abilities. So what reaction is more correct and the most logical? Just experiencing something does not guarantee that you will understand it, or learn from it, or benefit from it.

Could we correctly measure the difference between Physical Suffering (Pain) and Mental Suffering (Trauma)?

Pain

What are the different types of suffering?  Bullying

What are the lessons learned from each type of suffering?

Forgiveness

Can Resilience be learned without Suffering?

Confidence
Deluge
Risks to Civilization 

"A man who fears suffering is already suffering from what he fears."

"It's is not so much that what doesn't kill you makes you stronger, it's learning about your strengths and your weaknesses so that they become a blessing instead of a curse."

"You don't have to go through hell to get to heaven, but you have to know what hell is in order to appreciate heaven."

"When the going gets tough, the tough get going" is a popular proverb.

Emotional Conflict is the presence of different and opposing emotions relating to a situation that has recently taken place or is in the process of being unfolded. They may be accompanied at times by a physical discomfort, especially when 'a functional disturbance has become associated with an emotional conflict in childhood', and in particular by tension headaches 'expressing a state of inner tension...[or] caused by an unconscious conflict'.

Fear
Counseling
Anxieties
Memory
Emergency Preparedness

Crisis Training Manual (PDF)
Surviving a Crime
Depression
Grieving
Anxiety
Stress
Failures and Mistakes

Animating Learning by Integrating and Validating Experience (ALIVE) 

Memories can become stronger when your senses are heightened during a traumatic event.

How do you remember a relative or a friend who has died without being sad or crying? You have to learn how to remember people and events without evoking sadness or pain. Like when giving a Eulogy. Tell the story in a better light as an observer, scientifically and historically. Learn how to modify your memories, like when you modify bad habits into good habits.

Free the Mind (2012, 1:20 min. Documentary) experiments with meditation and yoga as a means of helping soldiers with PTSD and children with ADHD. 

Insular Cortex is believed to be involved in consciousness and plays a role in diverse functions, usually linked to emotion or the regulation of the body's homeostasis. These functions include perception, motor control, self-awareness, cognitive functioning, and interpersonal experience. In relation to these, it is involved in psychopathology.

You don't have to attach your emotions to your memories. Our memories can still be important and precious to us without attaching our emotions to them. Replaying our past experiences and memories without emotion can help us to understand our experiences a lot better, which will allow us to enjoy new memories and new experiences, with greater meaning.  Valence

"Life is Difficult", but not always. The most important thing is to know how to handle difficult situations in your life.
Skills and knowledge need to be learned.

When I was young there were those tragic days, I would pray that I would just wake up and find out that it was all a bad dream. But the next day always came, and I would wake up and realize that yesterday was real, and that sleeping didn't make that tragedy go away. Those were some of the toughest moments being a kid, realizing things didn't last forever, including me.
And as the memories of those tragedies fade, sadly so does the knowledge and the lessons learned. But it doesn't have to be that way. Saving that lost knowledge may help save someone else from having tragic moments in their life steal precious time away from more important memories, important memories that they will accumulate in their life time.

People shouldn’t have to fill in this missing information for themselves. This is where knowledge and information becomes an incredible tool. Everyone should at least know most of what Suffering does to the human mind.

"Know the difference between suppressing and learning. Understanding an experience is better then a Repressed Memory."

I see a lot of people suffering, but they're not learning from that experience. So from this evidence you could say that suffering is not the only factor needed for learning. So ending suffering is logical. Even knowing that you could never stop suffering 100%, but if it can be proven that we could achieve stopping 99% of suffering, then I believe we should do this.

"You don’t drown by falling in the water. You drown by staying there."

One of the most beautiful dreams a person could have is to be able to relive your life without the all the struggles and tragedies. But if this has to be my first experience with life then this is the way I would want it. If you never experienced Suffering how could you ever appreciate a beautiful and pleasant life? The dangers of Utopia.

Asylum seekers with apathetic children, the media called apathetic refugee children, began to appear in the Swedish public debate in 2005. Children who have sought asylum in Sweden and become apathetic , became the object of great media interest and extensive political debate. A state investigation was to investigate the phenomenon. They in various TV programs showed the children suffered, however (apparently) of catatonic state, a failure of will. Similar condition seen in various forms of poisoning with elemental bromine as the base. There are differing views on the cause of the phenomenon. Today apathy is considered to be a genuine response to depression, despair and stress originating in a combination of the asylum process uncertainty and past violence and abuse at home. When the phenomenon began to attract attention in the media claimed, however, certain that it is not a question of a psychiatric condition and that there is imitation, manipulation, malnutrition and simulation behind apathy.

Pervasive Refusal Syndrome is a rare but serious psychiatric disorder in children, first described by Bryan Lask and his colleagues in 1991. As late as 2011 included it in the psychiatric classification system. PRS is characterized by a refusal to eat, drink, talk, walk or take care of herself, and a strong resistance to the treatment. PRS is very rare and its cause is unclear, but the disturbance severity makes it fatal. The disorder often begins with a ' virus ' or the child feel ' pain ', resulting in a need to consult a doctor or go to hospital. PRS starts slowly, but the child worsens rapidly and becomes unwilling or not able to do anything on their own. They refuse to let others take care of them, or help them to eat, and very depressed. It is not guaranteed that the recovery will take place, and it is a long and complicated process, involving specialized care. But the patient is healthy happens very rarely relapse. A family psychiatric history or environmental stress factors can also play a role. Hospitalization is almost always necessary, and the recovery period is long, about 12.8 months. During the recovery period, the symptoms disappear in the reverse order in which they occurred. So this means that if the hunger strike was the first symptom, it will disappear eventually. 67% of cases show full recovery. (also known as Pervasive arousal Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS).

Certain traumatic moments could eat you alive from the inside. And certain traumatic events have a tendency to stay with you for a longer period of time when compared to other experiences. People waste a lot of time thinking about traumatic experiences. We have to teach children early how to manage thoughts when trying to understand why horrible things happen. A child needs to learn from their experiences, and not suffer from them. We can stop the suffering in two ways, learn to understand suffering to minimize its damage internally, and two by correcting the external causes of suffering. The source of the suffering must be corrected, and the effects from suffering and trauma must be known and understood so that they can be less overwhelming, and less debilitating to our development..



Pediatric PTSD Related Subnetworks in the Brain
Pediatric PTSD-related subnetwork. Every node denotes a brain region, and every line denotes a connection. Different-color nodes represent different brain regions: purple, salience network; dark blue, central executive network; blue, default mode network; yellow, visual regions. ACC = anterior cingulate cortex, AG = angular gyrus, IFG = inferior frontal gyrus, INS = insula, ITG = inferior temporal gyrus, L or L. = left, LG = lingual gyrus, MOG = middle occipital gyrus, PUT = putamen, R or R. = right, SFG = superior frontal gyrus, SPG = superior parietal gyrus, THA = thalamus.  Radiological Society of North America


One day you're going to wake up and you will not know where you are. And then someone is going to say to you, "you were in an accident", and then you will say, "what kind of an accident?", and then the person will answer and say, "life was the accident, and it looks like you had a head on collision with life", and you answer, "oh my god, will I be OK?", and then the person answers, "that's up to you. Life sometimes takes you by surprise and seems to come out of no where. So being prepared is a good idea,
and the only way to be prepared is to learn how to prepare yourself with 21st Century Skills."



The Thinker Man