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Physical Health


The Human Body is an incredible complex machine. Don't ever take your body for granted. Everyone must fully understand the responsibilities of maintaining a strong and healthy body. Learn to ask questions.

"Knowledge is the Best Medicine"  "The Fountain of Youth is Knowledge"

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Preventive Medicine consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment. Relies on anticipatory actions that can be categorized as primal, primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention.
Preventive Healthcare consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to just disease treatment.
It's Cheaper to Prevent Diseases then it is to Treat Diseases. Cigarettes alone causes 5 billion dollars in heath care treatments from diseases caused by smoking.
Peer Education is an approach to health promotion, in which community members are supported to promote health-enhancing change among their peers. Peer education is the teaching or sharing of health information, values and behavior in educating others who may share similar social backgrounds or life experiences. Rather than health professionals educating members of the public, the idea behind peer education is that ordinary lay people are in the best position to encourage healthy behaviour to each other. Peer Mentoring
Prevention Science is the application of a scientific methodology that seeks to prevent or moderate major human dysfunctions before they occur.
Prevention through Design is the concept of mitigating occupational hazards by "designing them out". Obsolete
Transtheoretical Model assesses an individual's readiness to act on a new healthier behavior, and provides strategies, or processes of change to guide the individual through the stages of change to Action and Maintenance. It is composed of the following constructs: stages of change, processes of change, self-efficacy, decisional balance and temptations.
Self-Regulation Theory is a system of conscious personal management that involves the process of guiding one's own thoughts, behaviors, and feelings to reach goals. Self-regulation consists of several stages, and individuals must function as contributors to their own motivation, behavior, and development within a network of reciprocally interacting influences.
Salutogenesis describes an approach focusing on factors that support human health and well-being, rather than on factors that cause disease (pathogenesis)
Human Physiology is the entire structure of a human being and comprises a head, neck, trunk (which includes the thorax and abdomen), arms and hands, legs and feet. Every part of the body is composed of various types of cells, the fundamental unit of life.
Healing is the process of the restoration of health from an unbalanced, diseased or damaged organism. Healing involves the repair of living tissue, organs and the biological system as a whole and resumption of normal functioning. It is the process by which the cells in the body regenerate and repair to reduce the size of a damaged or necrotic area and replace it with new living tissue.
Cure is the end of a medical condition that helps end a person's sufferings. It may also refer to the state of being healed, or cured or make healthy again. Eradication of Infectious Diseases
The Global Standard (ICHOM) value-based health care focusing on health outcomes.
Vitals are body functions essential for life. Food
Errors made by Doctors
Alexander Technique is an educational process that develops the ability to realign posture and to avoid unnecessary muscular and mental tension. Alexander believed the individual's self-awareness could be inaccurate, resulting in unnecessary muscular tension such as when standing or sitting with body weight unevenly distributed, holding one's head incorrectly, walking or running inefficiently, and responding to stressful stimuli in an exaggerated way. Alexander said that those who habitually "misused" their muscles could not trust their feelings (sensory appreciation) when carrying out activities or responding to situations emotionally.
Fund Medical Treatments for People in Need
Ethics in The Medical Industry
Risk Factoring
Palliative Care - Elderly Care
First Aid



Body


The Human Body (wiki)
Body Systems
Nicer Drums
Human Anatomy  Elements
Organs Human Body
Human Body for Kids
Body Rejuvenation (video)

Human Skin Color
How We Get Our Skin Color

Female
Male

Composition of the Body
Anatomy
Bone Fracture

Body Language
Human Sexuality

Human Development
Sunken Chest
Deformity
Body Image
Body Smart Kinesthetics
Child Development
Body Browser (youtube)
Plastination
Body Worlds
Anatomage Virtual Dissection
Stress

Heart Disease

Cancer

Immune System

Physical Therapy
Physical Therapy
Physical Therapy (wiki)
Physical Therapy News
Physical Therapy Journal
Occupational Therapy
Occupational Therapy
Physical Rehabilitation 
Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy Game (video)

Pain
Pain (wiki)
Nociceptor
Nociception
Cutaneous Nerve
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Spinal Stimulation
Nervo HF10
Partners Against Pain
Child Pain Rating Scale
Pain Scale (wiki)
Pain Knowledge
Weather Pains
Tooth Pain
Arthritis Foundation
Opioid Receptor
Opioid System
Endorphins
Secret World Of Pain
Elliot Krane:
Chronic Pain (video)
Sciatica (wiki)
Chronic Pain (wiki)
Cells carry 'memory' of injury
Pinched Nerve
Radiculopathy
Nerve Compression Syndrome
Peripheral Neuropathy
Wearable Pain Relief (Quell)
Ketorolac Toradol (wiki)
Threshold of Pain (wiki)
Thermal Comfort (wiki)
Familial Dysautonomia
Feverfew (wiki)
Petasites (wiki)
Livia - The Off Switch for Menstrual Pain
iTENS Device - Wireless Electrotherapy
BetterBack Therapy
Congenital Insensitivity
Human Insula
Emotions


Doctors


Doctor House Calls
Medicast
Doctor on Demand
Virtual Doctor Free MD
Interactive MD
Virtual Robot Doctor
Physicians Online
Online Care over the Internet
Teladoc 24/7 access to a doctor via phone and online video consultations.
Doctors without Borders
Tele-Medicine Exchange
Capture Proof
Medical Aid App (youtube)
Risk Assessment App
Health Symptoms Checker
Project Ethan
Health Loop cloud-based platform that automates follow-up care.
Health Apps  Apps
Home Monitors

Diagnostic Tests
Advanced Sensors

Biomarker
Biosense
Lab on a Chip
Jack Andraka
Microfluidics (wiki)
Smartphone Tools
Smartphone Blood Test
Bio-Sensor Patch Monitor
Wearable Sensors
GlucoWatch G2 Biographer
Body Parts on a Chip (video)
Organ on a Chip (wiki) 
Diagnostic Paper, Whiteside's
Electrochemical Sensing in Paper-Based Microfluidic Device
Claros Diagnostic Lab
Materials that Compute
Theranos
Paper Test Strip for Diagnosing Diseases
In Vitro Diagnostics
Ph Levels
Variable Tech Gadgets
Lab Testing Facilities
Heart Diagnostics
Flexible Electronics
Food Sensor - Sensors


Health Records

Personal Health Records
Online Medical Records
Electronic Health Record
Medical Information Online
Online Personal Health Record
Personal Health Record
Health Systems
Google Health
Patients Like Me
Everyday Health
Life Goes Strong
Spark People
Revolution Health
Heathcare IT
Epic
American Telemed
Health Information Exchange

Hospital Emergency Codes
Medical Classification

IHME Institute for Health
Metrics and Evaluation

Medical Scribe (wiki)
I am Scribe


Health News - Health Resources





Always Ask Questions - Medical Errors


When seeking help always get a second or third opinion from a professional source or a very intelligent well trusted friend or family member. There's a lot of fraud, false medical claims and Doctors over prescribing medications. So please do your homework, especially with medications and treatment alternatives. Compliance is only expectable after you have done your Research.

Be positive and be hopeful but don't be Gullible. Not all Doctors are Honest or Educated, so it's not just about who you can trust. Remember that experts make mistakes too. 4 out of 10 doctors Misdiagnose their patients. There's also Over Diagnosis and underdiagnosed. And please don't worry. Ask questions and learn as much as you can.  

Women Doctors are better then Male Doctors, it's proven statistically and from my own personal experience, women doctors are more likely to consistently follow established medical procedures; other research has shown that women doctors are more likely to provide preventative care than male ones, and that they are more likely to prescribe medication effectively.
And on top of that, you’re more likely to die in a hospital under the care of a male doctor than a woman doctor. Women News

Several common Causes for Diagnostic Errors include
Inadequate collaboration and communication among clinicians, patients, and their families. Limited feedback to doctors about the accuracy of diagnoses. A culture that discourages transparency and disclosure of diagnostic errors, which impedes attempts to learn and improve in the medical community.
Informed Consent
Improve Diagnosis

Shared Decision-Making is an approach in which clinicians and patients communicate together using the best available evidence when faced with the task of making decisions. Patients are supported to deliberate about the possible attributes and consequences of options, to arrive at informed preferences in making a determination about the best course of action which respects patient autonomy, as well as ethical and legal norms.
Decision Support Center (common ground)
Shared Decisions (mayo clinic)
Collaborate

Evidence-Based Practice is considering the best available research evidence bearing on whether and why a treatment works, (2) clinical expertise (clinical judgment and experience) to rapidly identify each patient's unique health state and diagnosis, their individual risks and benefits of potential interventions, and (3) client preferences and values. Evidence-based behavioral practice (EBBP) "entails making decisions about how to promote health or provide care by integrating the best available evidence with practitioner expertise and other resources, and with the characteristics, state, needs, values and preferences of those who will be affected. This is done in a manner that is compatible with the environmental and organizational context. Evidence is research findings derived from the systematic collection of data through observation and experiment and the formulation of questions and testing of hypotheses". Duty of Care

Evidence-Based Nursing is an approach to making quality decisions and providing Nursing Care based upon personal clinical expertise in combination with the most current, relevant research available on the topic. This approach is using evidence based practice (EBP) as a foundation. EBN implements the most up to date methods of providing Care, which have been proven through appraisal of high quality studies and statistically significant research findings. The goal of EBN is to improve the health and safety of patients while also providing care in a cost-effective manner to improve the outcomes for both the patient and the healthcare system. EBN is a process founded on the collection, interpretation, appraisal, and integration of valid, clinically significant, and applicable research. The evidence used to change practice or make a clinical decision can be separated into seven levels of evidence that differ in type of study and level of quality. To properly implement EBN, the knowledge of the nurse, the patient’s preferences, and multiple studies of evidence must all be collaborated and utilized in order to produce an appropriate solution to the task at hand. These skills are taught in modern nursing education and also as a part of professional training.

Comparative Effectiveness Research is the direct comparison of existing health care interventions to determine which work best for which patients and which pose the greatest benefits and harms. The core question of comparative effectiveness research is which treatment works best, for whom, and under what circumstances.

Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency is responsible for ensuring that medicines and medical devices work and are acceptably safe.

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence publishes guidelines in four areas: the use of health technologies within the NHS (such as the use of new and existing medicines, treatments and procedures); clinical practice (guidance on the appropriate treatment and care of people with specific diseases and conditions); guidance for public sector workers on health promotion
and ill-health avoidance; and guidance for social care services and users. These appraisals are based primarily on evaluations of efficacy and cost–effectiveness in various circumstances.

Patient Decision Aids (Ottawa Hospital Research Institute)
Shared Decision Making (Informed Medical Decisions)

The 12 questions every patient should ask doctors and nurses.
1. After admission, ask the names of your primary hospital doctor and the other specialists who make up your physician team. Your primary hospital physician will coordinate with the team, and your nurses will assist you during your stay.
2. Ask your physician: What is my main diagnosis, and are there any other newly diagnosed issues? Feel free to express your fears and anxieties about your diagnosis to the physicians and nursing staff. Don’t let the anxiety build until it becomes uncontrollable.
3. Ask your nurse or physician: How are my illnesses responding to treatment? Ask the nursing staff in particular about how your condition is progressing and how you can facilitate your recovery. It’s your fundamental right to obtain information regarding your medical condition. Understanding both your diagnosis and your treatment plan is a central tenet of the Patient’s Bill of Rights, which was adopted by the Association of American Physicians and Surgeons in 1995. According to this document, all patients are entitled “to be informed about their medical condition, the risks and benefits of treatment, and appropriate alternatives.” Number Needed to Treat
4. Ask your family, friends, or other trusted individuals to be involved and help support you in your recovery. Yes, it’s hard to put ourselves in a situation where we feel like we’re burdening someone or losing our independence, even for a little while. Understand that these people are an integral part of your treatment team and contribute to the success of your recovery.
5. Ask to speak with a hospital social worker if you have questions about insurance and billing related to your stay. The social worker is there to help clarify what your insurance covers and how much you may be required to pay. If you need assistance with payment, discuss the options available to you with the social worker before you leave as well.
6. Ask to see the nurse manager or charge nurse if you’re experiencing ongoing issues with care or communication about your condition. The person in this role is responsible for helping patients and easing any misunderstanding or tensions that may arise during your stay.
7. As you approach discharge, ask if you should continue taking any of the medications (including vitamins and supplements) you took before you were admitted. This information should be included in your discharge instructions, but take the time to fully understand this aspect of your care to avoid potentially disastrous or even fatal complications later.
8. Ask the staff to show you and your caregivers how to perform any tasks prescribed for after you’ve left the hospital, especially any treatments that may require a special skill, such as changing a bandage or giving an injection. Ask the nurse or physician to remain in your room while you practice to ensure you’re doing it correctly.
9. Ask your nurse or physician if it’s safe to perform ordinary tasks alone, like bathing, dressing, driving, or exercising. Make sure you’ve arranged for help with any of these activities before you leave the hospital.
10. Ask your nurse or physician if you can or should use any medical equipment, such as a walker, brace, or health monitor, to help with your recovery and comfort. If the answer is yes, ask for assistance in obtaining these items before you leave or shortly after your return home.
11. At the time of your discharge, ask the discharge nurse any questions you have about your discharge information. You should have been provided with printed discharge instructions. Don’t leave the hospital without obtaining these, reading them (or having them read to you), and making sure you understanding all of the information they cover.
12. Ask about any follow-up appointments or additional testing. Take a moment now to record anything that’s already been scheduled or to schedule necessary appointments in the coming weeks.

Medical Error is a preventable adverse effect of care, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient. This might include an inaccurate or incomplete diagnosis or treatment of a disease, injury, syndrome, behavior, infection, or other ailment. Globally, it is estimated that 142,000 people died in 2013 from adverse effects of medical treatment; this is an increase from 94,000 in 1990. However, a 2016 study of the number of deaths that were a result of medical error in the U.S. placed the yearly death rate in the U.S. alone at 251,454 deaths, which suggests that the 2013 global estimation may not be accurate.
Drug Error's

Diagnostic error is the leading cause of medical malpractice claims in the US, and is estimated to cause 40,000-80,000 deaths annually. One in every ten diagnoses is wrong and one in every thousand ambulatory diagnostic encounters result in harm.
Never Events are the kind of mistake or medical error that should never happen in the field of medical treatment.

Over Diagnosis is the diagnosis of "disease" that will never cause symptoms or death during a patient's lifetime. Overdiagnosis is a side effect of screening for early forms of disease. Although screening saves lives in some cases, in others it may turn people into patients unnecessarily and may lead to treatments that do no good and perhaps do harm.
Millions of people get tests, drugs, and operations that won’t make them better, may cause harm, and cost billions.

30 Percent of all Health Spending — $750 billion — is wasted on fraud, administration and needless procedures.
Mammograms needed is overblown. As many as five fewer deaths for 1,000 women. Number Needed to Treat

Infections - Super Bugs

Medical Malpractice Payout Statistics
Have you been Harmed in a Medical Facility, please Share your Story
Medical Harm: Patient Perceptions and Follow up Actions

Preventive Services Task Force
Risk Factors
Surgical Risk Calculator
Risk Factors in Surgery

Incorporating Patient-Reported Outcomes Into Health Care To Engage Patients And Enhance Care.
Patient-Reported Outcome or PRO is a method or questionnaire used in a clinical trial or a clinical setting, where the responses are collected directly from the patient. 
Patient-centered Outcomes are outcomes from medical care that are important to patients.

"Knowledge is the Best Medicine, but you need to do your homework to maximize the benefits"

ASA Physical Status Classification System (wiki)
ASA Physical Status Classification System
Partners In Health
Optum Health Care
Equity Research and Innovation Center (ERIC) Vulnerable and Diverse Populations.
The Peckham Experiment
Pioneer Health Foundation
Social Medicine
Health Media Collaboratory
Nutrition Gap, are Doctors ready think outside the Pillbox?
Rock Health full-service funding healthcare entrepreneurs.
Latif Nasser: the amazing story of the man who gave us modern pain relief (video and text)
Bj Miller: What really matters at the end of life (video and text)
Quest Center Empowering people, nurturing community, promoting health and wellbeing.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to improve the health and health care of all Americans.

Lasker Foundation Awards Program since 1945 has recognized the contributions of scientists, physicians, and public servants who have made major advances in the understanding, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of human disease.

Hospital-Acquired Conditions Update, Saving Lives and Saving Money
Hospital-Acquired Condition is an undesirable situation or condition that affects a patient and that arose during a stay in a hospital or medical facility.

Interim estimates for 2014 show a sustained 17 percent decline in hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) since 2010. A cumulative total of 2.1 million fewer HACs were experienced by hospital patients over the 4 years (2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014) relative to the number of HACs that would have occurred if rates had remained steady at the 2010 level. The measured interim rate for 2014 held steady from 2013 at 121 HACs per 1,000 discharges, down from 145 in 2010. We estimate that nearly 87,000 fewer patients died in the hospital as a result of the reduction in HACs and that approximately $19.8 billion in health care costs were saved from 2010 to 2014. 

The federal government is penalizing 758 hospitals with higher rates of patient safety incidents, and more than half of those places had also been fined last year in 2014. 

HAC-Reduction-Program
(HAC) Reduction Program
Elderly Abuses

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (wiki)
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (wiki)

The CDC has reported that urinary tract infections caused by catheters became slightly more prevalent through 2013

PSI is a global health organization dedicated to improving the health of people in the developing world by focusing on serious challenges like a lack of family planning, HIV and AIDS, barriers to maternal health, and the greatest threats to children under five, including malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia and malnutrition.  

PSI Impact
IHME Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

Path global health innovation across five platforms—vaccines, drugs, diagnostics, devices, and system and service innovations.

Surgical never events in the United States. A total of 9,744 paid malpractice settlement and judgments for surgical never events occurring between 1990 and 2010. Malpractice payments for surgical never events totaled $1.3 billion.

Human Factors Analysis (PDF)
Common Cause Analysis (PDF)

National Quality Registry Network
American Medical Association
Ethics

Global Network of institutions and committed individuals whose mission is to Strengthen Health Systems

Physicians for Human Rights
Oaths of Service

Racial Bias in Health Care
Women's Medicine Differences
Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care (with CD) ( 2003 )
Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Emergency Department Analgesic Prescription
Racism
Implicit

The Total Transparency Manifesto
Physicians for Social Responsibility

Who's My Doctor
Rate your Doctor and Hospital

Patient Safety
Medical Scribe is a person, or paraprofessional, who specializes in charting physician-patient encounters in real time, such as during medical examinations. Depending on which area of practice the scribe works in, the position may also be called clinical scribe, ER scribe or ED scribe (in the emergency department), or just scribe (when the context is implicit). A scribe is trained in health information management and the use of health information technology to support it. A scribe can work on-site (at a hospital or clinic) or remotely from a HIPAA-secure facility. Medical scribes who work at an off-site location are known as virtual medical scribes and normally work in clinical settings.
Health Records
Intelliguard RFID solutions for the pharmaceutical and healthcare industries.
Federation of State Medical Boards
FSMB
Health Care Systems Four Basic Models
The Association for Medical Education in Europe

Treating Patients in the ER costs, on average, $600 to $1,200 per visit, compared with $165 to $262 if the patients were treated in an outpatient clinic. Last year, the Houston Fire Department logged more than 318,000 incidents, but only thirteen percent of them were actual fires.

Skepticism
The National Council Against Health Fraud
Quack Watch
Pseudoscientific
Skeptic
Questioning

"People are receiving inadequate information, education and advice on managing their health."   Upstreamists

You have a responsibility to yourself, to maintain a healthy mind and body. To love yourself this way is to reward yourself for loving life. To love life is to be willing to spend some time on the maintenance of life, a maintenance that helps increase the quantity and the quality of life. Maintenance is its own reward. And part of the maintenance is to keep learning. If you are not increasing your knowledge and understanding about life, then life becomes vulnerable and you will not know enough in order to react accurately to the changes that life throws at you. All life forms perform maintenance, and maintenance is a small price to pay for life, it's totally worth the investment. 

Remember, fewer than 25 percent of physicians believe they have sufficient training to talk to patients about diet or physical activity. Meanwhile, a good number of physicians are overweight and don't exercise regularly themselves.

Tulane's Medical School is one of the first to teach medical students how to cook healthful food, with the goal that they'll share that knowledge with patients.



Health Care Fraud and Abuse


Medicare and Medicaid fraudsters are beating taxpayers out of an estimated $90 billion a year - $60 billion of it from Medicare - using a billing scam that is surprisingly easy to execute. CBS And you wonder why Health Care Reform is so important.
62% of all Bankruptcies are related to Medical Bills from people being overcharged by greedy hospitals, and on top of that almost 70% of those people had insurance, so medical fraud is everywhere and no one is safe. 2.8 Trillion is the estimated cost of Health Care in the US in 2013.  

Time Magazine Article "Bitter Pill"
Drug Errors
Patient Safety
Beware of the Charge Master.
Why does surgery costs differ from town to town?

The National Council Against Health Fraud

Why are Doctors allowed to charge insurance companies for unnecessary tests, and also charge to give patients unnecessary drugs. But when a patient needs certain medical care, it's not covered and the patient is forced to pay out of pocket. WTF? It's like you have to be a criminal in order to get help, or to be covered. So who's more criminal, the doctors or the insurance companies?

Consumer Protection
Elderly Abuse

GlaxoSmithKline estimates that 90 percent of the drugs work in only 30 to 50 percent  of the people. 300 people have to take the drug statin for a year before one heart attack, stroke or other adverse event is prevented. And five percent of those 300 have side effects, that's 15 people. So you're 15 times more likely to be harmed by the drug than you are to be helped by the drug. There are other ways to reduce your cholesterol that will not harm you.

For the most widely performed surgery on men over the age of 50, removal of the prostate for cancer, the Number Needed to Treat is 49. That means that 49 surgeries are done for every one person who's helped. And the side effects in that case occur in 50 percent of the patients. They include impotence, erectile dysfunction, urinary incontinence, rectal tearing, fecal incontinence. And if you're lucky, and you're one of the 50 percent who has these, they'll only last for a year or two.

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services officials chose to do just 30 in-depth financial audits to recover overpayments each year, even though the records make clear they could complete many more, up to 80 audits a year. So only 5 percent of the roughly 600 Medicare Advantage contracts in force would be audited in a year. But overspending tied to fast-rising risk scores has cost taxpayers billions of dollars in recent years, as the Center for Public Integrity reported in a series of articles published in 2014, leading to widespread suspicions that some risk scores are being purposefully inflated. Many of the records released by CMS are heavily redacted, with dates and the names of their authors sometimes missing. More than 1,400 pages have been "withheld in their entirety" by CMS, including names of the health plans and how much they were overpaid. It's like we have criminals watching criminals. If we pay more people to over see and to look for fraud, we could save billions. So we can create  thousands of jobs that pay for themselves.

Government Accountability Office Audit: Feds Failed To Rein In Medicare Advantage Overbilling
Private Medicare Advantage plans treating the elderly have overbilled the government by billions of dollars, but rarely been forced to repay the money or face other consequences for their actions, according to a congressional audit.



Health Insurance


Health Insurance does not mean better care or better health, good health mostly comes from acquiring valuable knowledge and experience. And Health Insurance does not guarantee good care because 9 out of 10 Doctors and Dentists commit insurance fraud. So too many Doctors victimize their patients by not giving them the best care that they need, mostly because they are more concerned with how much money they can bilk the insurance carrier for, and not paying attention to the persons needs. So Health Insurance can actually be bad for you, especially when you don't have a good experienced and educated Doctor who is also honest, so be very careful. The best Insurance you can have is Prevention. Because in order to avoid sickness you have to do all the things that prevent illness. Insurance does not prevent illness or injury, in fact, insurance might encourage illness and injury because people are given a false sense of security and thus fail to take the proper measures that would improve their health, like eating the right foods, exercising and avoiding toxins and viruses. In 2009 there were 48.6 million people in the US (15.7% of the population) who were without Health Insurance Coverage

Who Still Doesn't have Health Insurance?

Self-insurance describes a situation in which a person does not take out any third party insurance. The essence of the concept is that a business that is liable for some risk, such as health costs, chooses to "carry the risk" itself and not take out insurance through an insurance company.

Preventive Medicine

Approximately 12 million adults who seek outpatient medical care are misdiagnosed

Patient Safety
Choosing Wisely
Comparing and Rating Healthcare Services
Elderly and Insurance

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (wiki) 

The Association for Community Affiliated Plans (ACAP) is a national trade association representing 60 not-for-profit Safety Net Health Plans in 24 states. Collectively, ACAP plans serve more than fifteen million enrollees, representing more than 50 percent of individuals enrolled in Medicaid-focused health plans.

"Insurance is knowing someone who is intelligent, someone you can trust" 
 
"The purpose of insurance is not just about money, it's about having a well thought out Backup Plan.

"if things don't turn out the way you wanted, you should have a backup plan, an alternate option, what choices do you have?"

 The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force say the link between medical recommendations and insurance coverage leads to financial incentives that can corrupt the process and distort people's health care decisions.



Vital Signs


Vital Signs are a group of the 4 to 6 most important signs that indicate the status of the body’s vital (life-sustaining) functions. These measurements are taken to help assess the general physical health of a person, give clues to possible diseases, and show progress toward recovery. The normal ranges for a person’s vital signs vary with age, weight, gender, and overall health.
Health Indicator are quantifiable characteristics of a population which researchers use as supporting evidence for describing the health of a population.
Health Calculators
Vitality
Homeostasis is the property of a system in which variables are regulated so that internal conditions remain stable and relatively constant.
Biomarkers are key molecular or cellular events that link a specific environmental exposure to a health outcome. Biomarkers play an important role in understanding the relationships between exposure to environmental chemicals, the development of chronic human diseases, and the identification of subgroups that are at increased risk for disease. Much progress has been made in identifying and validating new biomarkers that can be used in population-based studies of environmental disease.
Bio-Monitoring (Body Burden)
Grip Strength and Mortality


Blood Pressure Readings Explained

A single high blood pressure reading does not necessarily mean that you have high blood pressure. However, if readings stay at 140/90 mm Hg or above (systolic 140 or above OR diastolic 90 or above) over time, your doctor will likely want you to begin a treatment program.

High blood pressure affects 1.13 billion people around the world while blood pressure has dropped sharply in high-income countries, it has risen in many low and middle-income countries, especially those in Africa and South Asia. Globally, 597 million men had raised blood pressure, compared to 529 million women. High blood pressure puts extra strain on the blood vessels and major organs such as heart, brain and kidneys. It is the world's leading cause of cardiovascular disease, which leads to stroke
and heart attacks, and is thought to cause 7.5 million deaths a year across the globe.

Global Disparities of Hypertension Prevalence and Control A Systematic Analysis of Population-Based Studies From 90 Countries says 32 percent of low-income people have high blood pressure, compared with 29 percent in high-income countries. Long term high blood pressure is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, vision loss, and chronic kidney disease.

High Blood Pressure (hypertension)
10 ways to control high blood pressure without medication.

Heart Love Symbol
Heart is a muscular organ in humans and other animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system. Blood provides the body with oxygen and nutrients, as well as assists in the removal of metabolic wastes. The heart is located in the middle compartment of the chest.

Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same Cells.
Red Blood Cells are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate organism's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system. RBCs take up oxygen in the lungs or gills and release it into tissues while squeezing through the body's capillaries. Red blood cells are produced by cores of bone marrow in the heads of long bones in a process known as hematopoiesis.
White Blood Cells are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders. All white blood cells are produced and derived from multipotent cells in the bone marrow known as hematopoietic stem cells. Leukocytes are found throughout the body, including the blood and lymphatic system.

Myocardial Infarction Heart Attack
Symptoms and Warning Signs of a Heart Attack
Heart Attack Quiz
How the Heart Works 3D Video (youtube)
Heart Intelligence (video)

Cardiovascular Diseases killed 17.5 million People in 2012
The incidence of coronary heart disease in the U.S. declined nearly 20 percent from 1983 to 2011, mostly because people are eating better, exercising and avoiding toxins.

Cardiomyopathy is a group of diseases that affect the heart muscle. Early on there may be few or no symptoms. Others may have shortness of breath, feel tired, or have swelling of the legs due to heart failure. An irregular heart beat may occur as well as fainting. Those affected are at an increased risk of sudden cardiac death.
Heart Disease
Videos (youtube)
Heart Disease Symptoms (webMd)
Causes
The Food you Eat can Kill you.

Heart failure afflicts 5.7 million Americans, costs the country $30.7 billion every year
Scientists create Heart Cells better, faster and stronger
GATA4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GATA4 gene.
MEF2C also known as MADS box transcription enhancer factor 2, polypeptide C is a protein that in humans is encoded by
the MEF2C gene. MEF2C is a transcription factor in the Mef2 family.
TBX5 (gene) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TBX5 gene.

Broken Heart (feelings)

Heart Sounds are the noises generated by the beating heart and the resultant flow of blood through it. Specifically, the sounds reflect the turbulence created when the heart valves snap shut. In cardiac auscultation, an examiner may use a stethoscope to listen for these unique and distinct sounds that provide important auditory data regarding the condition of the heart.
Stethoscope is an acoustic medical device for auscultation, or listening to the internal sounds of an animal or human body. It typically has a small disc-shaped resonator that is placed against the chest, and two tubes connected to earpieces. It is often used to listen to lung and heart sounds. It is also used to listen to intestines and blood flow in arteries and veins. In combination with a sphygmomanometer, it is commonly used for measurements of blood pressure. Less commonly, "mechanic's stethoscopes" are used to listen to internal sounds made by machines, such as diagnosing a malfunctioning automobile engine by listening to the sounds of its internal parts. Stethoscopes can also be used to check scientific vacuum chambers for leaks, and for various other small-scale acoustic monitoring tasks. A stethoscope that intensifies auscultatory sounds is called phonendoscope.
Heart Rate is the speed of the heartbeat measured by the number of contractions of the heart per minute (bpm). The heart rate can vary according to the body's physical needs, including the need to absorb oxygen and excrete carbon dioxide. It is usually equal or close to the pulse measured at any peripheral point. Activities that can provoke change include physical exercise, sleep, anxiety, stress, illness, and ingestion of drugs.
Heart Rate Variability is the physiological phenomenon of variation in the time interval between heartbeats. It is measured by the variation in the beat-to-beat interval.
Pulse represents the tactile arterial palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips.
Ventricular Fibrillation is when the heart quivers instead of pumps due to disorganized electrical activity in the ventricles. It results in cardiac arrest with loss of consciousness and no pulse. This is followed by irreversible death without treatment. Ventricular fibrillation is found initially in about 10% of people in cardiac arrest.
Cardiac Arrhythmia Irregular Heartbeat the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow. A heart rate that is too fast – above 100 beats per minute in adults – is called tachycardia and a heart rate that is too slow – below 60 beats per minute – is called bradycardia.
Palpitations is a perceived abnormality of the heartbeat characterized by awareness of heart muscle contractions in the chest: hard beats, fast beats, irregular beats, and/or pauses.
Murmur are heart sounds produced when blood flows across one of the heart valves that is loud enough to be heard with a stethoscope. Types of murmurs are due to structural defects in the heart itself.
Heart Rate Monitors for Home use

Marfan Syndrome is a genetic disorder of the connective tissue. The degree to which people are affected varies. People with
Marfan tend to be tall, and thin, with long arms, legs, fingers and toes. They also typically have flexible joints and scoliosis. The most serious complications involve the heart and aorta with an increased risk of mitral valve prolapse and aortic aneurysm. Other commonly affected areas include the lungs, eyes, bones and the covering of the spinal cord.

Heart Disease numbers by State

The Heart-Brain Connection - PDF

emWave

A new way to heal hearts without surgery: Franz Freudenthal (video and interactive text)

Obesity
Diabetes

Patient Records

Spirometer Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT)
Lung Volumes

Smartphone Medical Apps - Analyzing Tools (sensors)

Breathalyzer can diagnose 17 different diseases via Pattern Analysis of Exhaled Molecules
Detecting Disease Through Breath Prof. Hossam Haick Technion (youtube)
Na-Nose: A Nanoscale Artificial Nose to Detect Specific Medical Conditions Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath, sweat or urine carry much information on the state of human health. Volatile Biomarkers.
Health Home Test
Physiologic Status Monitoring via the Gastrointestinal Tract (youtube)
Sensor Applications
Physiologic Status Monitoring via the Gastrointestinal Tract
Proteus
Syncope: Review of Monitoring Modalities
Syncope is the short loss of consciousness and muscle strength

Normal Body Temperature is around 37C (98.6F), although it depends on: The person, Their age, What they've been doing
The time of day, and which part of the body you take the temperature from. It is generally accepted that normal body temperature ranges between 36.1C (97F) to 37.2C (99F).
The Human Body

Body Mass Index (wiki)  is a measurement of relative weight based on an individual's mass and height.
BMI Calculator
Underweight = <18.5
Normal weight = 18.5–24.9
Overweight = 25–29.9
Obesity = BMI of 30 or greater
Visceral Fat

Oxygen Saturation (wiki)
Oxygen Saturation Monitoring by Pulse Oximetry. Normal oxygen saturation values are 97% to 99% in the healthy individual.
Blood Test
Doctor Examination Visits
Body Burden Test Analysis and Bio-Monitoring

5 Biomarkers factors that influence InnerAge:
Glucose, Vitamin D, Testosterone, hsCRP and ALT.  

Vitamin Testing

Brainwaves could be the next Health Vital Sign


Health Calculators
Health Calculator
Health Status Calculators
Health Calculators
Calculate Body Health
Health Calculator
22 Senior Health Risk Calculators for Healthy Aging
Risk of Developing Chronic Diseases
Chronic Diseases
Smartphone Health Monitoring Technology Tools
Tiny Machines


Wellness

Wellness is the level of functional and metabolic efficiency of a living organism. In humans it is the ability of individuals or communities to adapt and self-manage when facing physical, mental or social challenges.
Wellness Alternative (wiki)
Wellness Coach
Wellness Coaches
Rockford Wellness Center
Wellness Study in the Workplace (PDF)
Nutrition

Integrative Healing Center healing program for body, mind, and spirit, which combines conventional medicine along with
alternative forms of healing to allow for complete restoration of the human body that is naturally designed to heal itself when given the proper balance of nutrition, sunlight, rest and relaxation, and detoxification. Cancer

Health is the level of functional and metabolic efficiency of a living organism. In humans it is the ability of individuals or communities to adapt and self-manage when facing physical, mental or social challenges.
Well-Being means the individual or group's condition is positive, while low well-being is associated with negative happenings.
Workplace Wellness is any workplace health promotion activity or organizational policy designed to support healthy behavior in the workplace and to improve health outcomes.
Wellness Alternative Medicine a healthy balance of the mind, body and spirit that results in an overall feeling of well-being.
Physical Education

Physical wellness:
This encompasses nutrition, physical fitness and the avoidance of unhealthy habits like smoking, drinking too much and doing drugs.

Universal access to physical activity could save billions in health costs

Intellectual wellness - Mental wellness:
This dimension refers to the amount of information and knowledge you take in, and the amount of creative, analytical thinking you put out. Learning, problem solving and mental productivity are important aspects of intellectual wellness.

Emotional wellness - Spiritual wellness:
This pertains to how well you are aware of, accepting of and able to deal with your feelings. Relationships, stress, self-esteem and life outlook are all factors that play into emotional wellness. It can make you feel more resilient.

Medical wellness:
This involves health-promoting medical practices like medical check-ups, preventative healthcare and medical health management.

Environmental wellness:
This relates to your level of environmental consciousness. Remember that every cell in your body was created by elements from the environment through the food you eat, what you drink and breathe. Your well-being is intertwined with the well-being of the environment.

Social wellness:
This aspect of personal wellness has to do with how you see your place in the world and in society, and how well you adjust to your personal role in society.

Occupational wellness:
This aspect of personal wellness stresses the importance of a positive attitude towards work, and a rewarding and enriching career path.  

How To Create a Wellness Program (youtube)

Lawson Health Research Institute understands the basis of wellness and the dysfunctions of the body and mind that result in disease.



The Thinker Man